1 1. Two runners, near the same base and off the base, are both hit by a fair batted ball before it reaches a fielder. Umpire declares both runners out 2. Two outs, runners on first and second base. Batter hits double, runner on second base scores, runner on first base missed second but reaches third. Runner is informed that he missed second base and starts back. Before reaching second, he is tagged out. Dose the run which scored count? 3. Batter attempts to avoid being hit by a wild pitch but ball hits his bat and rolls into infield fair. Pitcher picks up the ball and throws to first base. Batter is called out. 4. One out, runner on first and second. Batter hits pop fly between third and home, striking ground untouched in foul territory. The ball rolls into fair territory. Umpire rules and infield fly declares the batter out. 5. Bases full, two outs, batter walks. Catcher throws ball to third baseman, ball gets by him into left field. All runners on base score with batter reaching second base. Upon return of the ball to infield, first baseman calls for ball, steps on first and appeals to umpire the batter runner missed first base. Appeal is followed and allowed: How many runs score? a. 1 b. 0 c. 2 d Bases full, two outs, batter triples, three runs cross plate. After ball is returned, second baseman call for the ball, step on second base and appeals to umpire, claiming batter-runner missed second. Umpire declares the batter-runner out. How many runs score? a. 1 b. 0 c. 2 d One out, runner on first base. Batter swings at third strike which hits him, ball rolls away from catcher. Runner on first goes to second. Umpire returns runner to first. 8. Runners on first and third bases, batter hits infield fly, umpire declares batter out.
2 9. In top of first inning, the visiting team scores eight runs. The manager removes his starting pitcher to save him for a later game. Substitute pitcher starts pitching when the teams take the field for the bottom of the first inning. Can this be done? 10. Runner on first base, one out, batter hits ground ball to first baseman that steps on first base then throws to shortstop who tags second base, ball arriving before the runner. a. Safe b. Out 11. Lune-up have been given to umpire. Before game starts, manager changes shortstop. Is this permissible? 12. (Regular Season) Player in starting lineup is replaced by substitute in bottom of second inning. Another substitute replaces the first substitute at start of third inning. In what inning can the original starter re-enter the game? a. None b. 3 rd c. 4 th d. 5 th 13. Runner goes far out of base line to avoid fielder trying to field a fair batted ball. Umpire declares runner out. 14. (Major and below) One out, batter strikes out, ball gets away from catcher and batter reaches second safely. Umpire allows play. 15. Runner on second and third, two out, batter hits a clean double and is thrown out attempting to stretch hit into triple. Runner on second left too soon. How many runs score? a. 0 b. 1 c. 2 d Pitcher on the pitcher s plate tries to pick runner off of first base. Ball gets by first baseman and into the dugout. Runner goes to third base but umpire waves runner back to second base. 17. First batter in game bats and hits a single. Defensive manager asks for time, tells umpire-inchief the batter who singled should have batted second instead of first. Umpire checks batting
3 order and finds this to be true. Umpire declares the player out who should have batted and orders the batter who singled to bat again. 18. When one base runner passes another while circling the bases, which runner is called out? a. Runner who passes b. Runner who was passed 19. (Regular Season) Pitcher throws 60 pitches on Saturday. His manager starts him in another game on Monday. Umpire refuses to allow player to pitch. 20. Runner going from second to third base falls over the shortstop that was standing in the base path. Third baseman comes over and tags the runner with the ball. Is the runner out? 21. Batter hits to third baseman who threw wild to first in attempt to retire the batter. Ball hits the coach and bounds into foul territory. Runner advances to third. Must runner return to first because of interference on coach? 22. Batter with count of two strikes is his with the pitch which is in the strike zone. What should umpire call? a. Award first base b. Call him out 23. Runners on second and third bases, pitcher commits a balk (baseball) or an illegal pitch (softball). Batter hits the pitch and reaches first base safely. Runners on second and third bases score. Should umpire permit these toe runs to score? 24. A fielder attempts to field a batted ball and bumps into an umpire, causing the fielder to miss the batted ball. Should the umpire rule ball dead? 25. Runner going from second to third base is hit by a fair batted ball before the batted ball reaches a fielder. How should the umpire rule? a. Safe b. Out 26. With a runner on third, batter swings and misses on the third strike and the ball hits the batter. The runner on third crosses home plate when the ball bounces away from the catcher. The batter:
4 t out 27. The runner : a. Score b. Returned to third. 28. With runner on first, batter bunts third strike foul. The batter is t out 29. Runner may a. Advance t advance 30. Runner on first and second, batter bunts the third strike resulting in a foul ball which is cough by the catcher. Catcher throws the ball to first where base is tagged before runner can return. Runner on second tags and advances toward third. First baseman throws ball to third and the base is tagged before the arrival of the runner. Batter is: b. safe 31. Runner at first is 32. Runner at third is 33. Runner on first and third. Batter hits the ball which is not touched by the pitcher but which strikes the umpire who is positioned in the infield. The batter: a. Bats again b. Awarded first base 34. Runner at first: a. Stay at first b. Awarded second 35. Runner at third: a. Remains on third b. Scores 36. Batter hits ball into right field and in going into second, over slides second base. Batter-runner is tagged after over sliding. The batter-runner is: a. Safe b. Out 37. Batter hits ball into bleachers and the ball ricochets off of a spectator s hand and into the glove of an outfielder. The batter is
5 t out 38. This spectator interference 39. The ball is: a. Dead b. Live 40. With runner on first, batter hits ground ball to first baseman who steps on first and then throws to second where the base is tagged before the runner reaches second. No tag is made on the runner at second. The batter-runner is: 41. The base runner is 42. Runner on first and second. Batter hits an infield fly. When the infield fly is missed, the runner on second advances to third where the runner is tagged before reaching the base. The batter is: 43. The runner at third is: b. Return to second 44. Batter listed in the fourth position of the batting order bats out of turn in place of the batter listed third in the order. The batter hits a single and before the first pitch is thrown to the next batter it is discovered the hitter was out of order and the proper appeal is made. The batterrunner is: b. Remains on first c. Removed from bases 45. the batter listed third is the batting order is: a. out b. not out 46. After the appeal, the next batter should be: a. The third batter in batting order b. The forth batter in batting order c. The fifth batter in the batting order 47. While batter is batting, it is discovered that an illegal bat is being used the batter is: t out
6 c. Ejected from the game 48. The bat is: a. Removed t removed c. Coach is ejected 49. The game is a. Forfeited t forfeited 50. With two outs, runners on first and third, three balls and two strikes on the batter, runners attempt double steal and catcher throws out runner at second base, runner on third crosses home plate before tag is made at second. The runner from third: a. Score b. Does not score 51. With runner on first, batter hits ground ball towards second which hits the runner. Runner then interferes with throw to first base. The runner is 52. With runners on first and second, ground ball is hit to second baseman that steps on second and then tags runner standing on second who decides not to advance to third on the ground ball. The base runner advancing from first to second is: 53. The base runner standing on second is: 54. With runners on first and second, batter swings and misses third strike. After pitch reaches batter, base runners advance and catcher throws ball to third baseman who tags the base before the arrival of the base runner. The batter is 55. The runner on third is 56. With the bases loaded, batter receives a walk. In moving to second base, the base runner steps beyond the bag and is tagged. The base runner tagged is: 57. The base runner who was on third at the time of the walk: a. Does score
7 b. Does not score 58. B4 enters the batter s box with a non-wood bat that weighs 29 ounces and is 33 inches long. This bat is illegal and B4 is called out 59. F3 is wearing a helmet while playing 1st without double ear flaps. This is legal because a defensive player can wear a helmet without double ear flaps, as long as the helmet has a nonglare surface. 60. R1 on 3rd with 1 out in the bottom of the 6th of a tied game, the home team at bat. A foul fly down the left field line is caught and R1 tags and scores. It is determined that the outfielder that caught the ball has an illegal glove. The team at bat has the option of taking the result of the play or the award. 61. If the pitcher is wearing any item on his hands, wrists, or arms which may be distractive to the batter, the umpire may require the pitcher to remove them. 62. For the set position, the time of the pitch occurs the instant the pitcher, after coming to a complete and discernible stop, starts any movement with arm/s and/or leg/s that commits him to pitch. 63. The pre-game conference should begin approximately five minutes prior to the game.
8 64. A force out is a putout during which a runner who is being forced to advance is tagged out, or is put out by a fielder who holds the ball while touching the base to which the runner is forced to advance. 65. The definition of the strike-zone is the space over home plate with the top being halfway between the batter s shoulders and the waistline, and the bottom being the knees, when he assumes his natural batting stance. 66. R1 is on 1st with one out. B2 hits a hard ground ball to F3. F3 touches 1st, forcing B2, for the 2nd out. F3 then throws to 2nd to try and retire R1. R1 reverses his path and returns to 1st sliding in safely before F3 can tag him. There are now 2 outs in the inning and R1 is still on 1st. 67. Players sitting on the bench will be ejected, after a team warning, for wearing jewelry. 68. The hands are considered part of the bat. 69. If a batter does not swing and is struck by a pitch, the batter automatically is awarded first base. 70. If the batter is struck by a pitch that is in the strike zone, the pitch is a strike and the batter is not awarded first base (hit-by-pitch). 71. SOFTBALL An appeal is not to be interpreted as a play or an attempted play. Successive appeals may not be made on a runner at the same base. If the defensive team on its first appeal errs, a request for a second appeal on the same runner at the same base shall not be allowed by the umpire.
9 72. SOFTBALL: With a runner on third base, the batter receives a base on balls. The runner on third breaks for home after the pitch and stops in the baseline watching the batter-runner advance to first base. As the batter-runner is advancing to first base, the ball is returned quickly to and in possession of the pitcher within the eight-foot (8 ) circle. Without hesitating the batter-runner continues on towards second base, hoping to draw a throw so her teammate can try to score. The umpire declares the runner on third base out for violation of the circle rule and returns the batter-runner to first base. 73. The batter-runner must turn to his right after over-running first base.the batter-runner may turn in any direction after overrunning first base as long as he/she returns to the base immediately. 74. If a batted ball hits the plate first it's a foul ball. 75. The batter is protected while in the box for a short period of time. After the batter has had time to react to the play he/she could be called for interference if he/she does not move out of the box and interferes with a play. 76. The ball is dead on a foul tip. 77. If the event of a foul tip, the umpire should verbalize the word foul.the ball is dead on a foul tip. 78. The batter may not switch batter's boxes after two strikes. 79. The batter who batted out of order is the person declared out? Who is called out and what is done, depends on when the appeal is made. There are three different timeframes when the appeal occurs. Place them in order a. is when the out-of-turn batter is appealed after his/her at bat is completed and a pitch is made to the next batter before the appeal (or a play is attempted or made before the appeal). In this case, no one is declared out. Once the next pitch is made to a batter after an improper batter, the batter who batted out of turn becomes what the rules call a legalized improper batter. The next batter to a legalized improper batter will be the next person up in the order after the legalized improper batter. No
10 action will be taken, in this instance, other than to assure the official scorebook is properly marked and up to date. b. is when an appeal is made while the improper better is still at the plate. In this case, the proper batter simply replaces the improper batter and resumes whatever ball/strike count the improper batter had attained. c. is an appeal after the improper batter has completed his/her turn at bat, but before the very first pitch to the next batter (or very next play or attempted play). In this case, the proper batter (the one who should have batted) is declared out and the next batter is the batter who follows the proper batter. The improper batter s at-bat is nullified and any advances made on the final pitch are nullified. In this case, the next batter may be the same exact batter who just batted improperly. Example: The first two batters of the 2nd inning are supposed to be, in order, Alvin and Bobby. Bobby bats first (improperly) and singles. The defensive team realizes that Alvin was supposed to be the first batter and appeals before the first pitch to the next batter. The umpire will declare Alvin out, because he failed to bat in turn (he was the proper batter). Bobby s single will be nullified because of a ball batted by an improper batter and Bobby will come to the plate again, because he is the next proper batter. a. A, b, c b. B, c, a c. C, a, b, 80. SOFTBALL If the batter does not pull the bat out of the strike zone while in the bunting position, it's an automatic strike. b. false 81. The batter is out if his foot touches the plate. 82. The runner must always slide when the play is close. 83. In order to correct a base running mistake (such as missing a base), the runner MUST retrace his steps and retouch the bases in reverse order (If the ball is dead and the runner has touched the next base beyond the missed base, the runner may return to touch the missed base. 84. There is a "must slide" rule. When the fielder has the ball in his/her possession and is waiting to tag the runner, the runner has two choices; slide OR attempt to get around the fielder.
11 85. The runner is always safe when hit by a batted ball while touching a base in fair territory. A runner is not out when hit by a fair batted ball while touching a base, except when hit by an infield-fly or after the ball has passed a fielder and no other fielder had a play on the ball. 86. If a batter swings and misses at a ball that bounced before reaching the plate, it shall be a strike (swinging strike). 87. The ball is always immediately dead on a balk (applies to Junior) 88. The ball must always be returned to the pitcher before an appeal can be made. 89. Runner on 1st. Grounder to short who throws the ball into the stands trying to retire R1 at 2nd. Place the runners. a. BR to 1st, R1 to 2nd b. BR to 1st, R1 to 3rd c. BR to 2nd, R1 to 3rd d. No answer 90. Runner on 1st. 1st baseman is playing behind 1st base. Batter hits a sharp grounder which hits R1 while he is standing on first base. a. R1 is out, ball is live b. R1 is out, ball is dead, and all runners return to their base, batter is placed on first. c. R1 is not out, ball is live. d. R1 is not out, ball is dead, R1 goes the 2nd, and batter goes to 1st. e. No answer 91. Little League Minors/Majors only. Baseball only. Runner on 2nd. R2 leaves early. Batter hits a clean double to left field, scoring the runner. a. R2 is out b. Run scores c. R2 is placed on 3rd, no score. d. No answer 92. In running the bases the batter-runner rounds first base on the way to second, but while rounding first, runs 15-feet out of the base line on the way to second base. The umpire calls the batter-runner out for being out of the base line. 93. Any umpire s decision that involves the interpretation of a playing rule is not protectable by the manager and/or coach, even if the interpretation is wrong.
12 94. No balls, No strikes, 1 out. Runner on 3rd. The batter hits a ground ball to the 3rd baseman who gets R3 in a rundown. During the rundown, the catcher is taking off his mask as the ball is being thrown to him. He stops the ball with his mask, picks it up and tags R3. The batter is not yet at 1st base when this occurs. Place R3 & the batter a. BR to 1st, R3 scores b. BR to 2nd, R3 scores c. BR to 1st, R3 to 3 rd 95. The batter triples but misses second base. The defense properly appeals that he missed first base, but the umpire rules him safe. Can the defense now properly appeal that he missed 2nd base? 96. Bases are loaded. Grounder to the 3rd baseman who steps on 3rd and then throws the ball into the stands trying to retire the BR. R1 had reached 2nd before the throw but R3 and the BR had not reached their next base before the throw. Place R1, R3 and the BR. a. BR to 2nd, R1 scores, R3 scores b. BR to 1st, R1 to 2nd, R3 scores c. BR to 1st, R1 to 3rd, R3 scores 97. No balls, No strikes, 2 outs. Bases are loaded. Bottom of the 6th (or 7th for 90'). Down by 2 runs. Batter knocks one out of the park. R1 is so excited, he misses 2nd base. The infielders start leaving the field before the centerfielder runs into the infield shouting at everyone to appeal. The players run back on the field. The pitcher, with the ball, steps back from the rubber with his pivot foot and announces he wants to appeal that R1 missed 2nd base. When the crowd finally quiets down, what do you do? a. R2 scores, R3 scores. R1 is out. Tie game. ne scores. R1 is out. Game over. c. Everyone scores. R1 is not out. Game over. 98. SOFTBALL: In the act of delivering the ball, the pitcher may take one step forward with the nonpivot foot simultaneous with the release of the ball. Both of the pitcher s feet must be on the ground within the 24 inch length of the pitcher s plate prior to the start of the delivery and the step of the non-pivot foot must be forward, towards home plate and land within the 24 inch length of the pitcher s plate. 99. No balls, No strikes, 2 outs. Runner on 1st. The third baseman (a starter) takes the mound with 2 outs and a runner at first. Without delivering a single pitch, the new pitcher successfully picks off R1, thus retiring the side. The manager now inserts a pinch-hitter for the pitcher, who is due to lead off the next half-inning. Is this legal
13 100. No balls, No strikes, 1 out. Runner on 1st. Batter hits an inside-the-park home run. R1 misses home plate. BR slides across home plate, avoiding the tag by the catcher. R1 returns and tags home plate. Catcher appeals that R1 is out. What's the call? a. R1 is out b. R1 is safe