Position Paper: Athletes and Steroids. Natalie Edwards. Emily Mendoza. Ashley Patyk. Rian Wilson. Professor Calabrese

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Position Paper: Athletes and Steroids. Natalie Edwards. Emily Mendoza. Ashley Patyk. Rian Wilson. Professor Calabrese"

Transcription

1 Position Paper: Athletes and Steroids Natalie Edwards Emily Mendoza Ashley Patyk Rian Wilson Introduction to Public Relations Professor Calabrese 9 December 2014

2 Since the 1960s and in recent years, allegations of the widespread use of performance- enhancing drugs in sports have surfaced due to the number of sports records that have been broken (ProQuest Staff). According to ESPN.com, the most commonly used form of performance- enhancing drugs would be anabolic steroids, which are used by an athlete to improve his or her performance. While each professional sport league may have a different policy on drug testing, no sport is immune. The U.S. Anti- Doping Agency conducts drug testing for all U.S. professional and Olympic sports and all anabolic steroids are banned in all major sports organizations (ProQuest Staff). Many people support the idea that the use of steroids weakens the integrity of sports. However, others believe that athletes should be free to improve their performances as they see fit and that sports would be better served if the drugs were legitimate and safe (ProQuest Staff). Popular and respected athletes such as Lance Armstrong, Mark McGwire, Alex Rodriguez, Ryan Braun, Jose Canseco, and Barry Bonds were all caught using steroids and had to face the consequences. Some of these athletes either had all of their titles revoked or were not allowed into the Hall of Fame of their sport, while others just got a slap on the wrist and had to either pay a fine or sit out for a designated amount of games. Professional athletes should not use steroids because the use of performance- enhancing drugs is unfair to other competitors, can physically harm the user s body, and can damage the integrity and reputation of athletes and their sports. First and foremost, opponents of steroids believe that athletes should not use performance- enhancing drugs because it is unfair to other athletes and competitors. When athletes consume steroids, they have several unfair advantages over their

3 competition and there is no longer an even playing field. According to CNN Library, anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that stimulate proteins that help build non- fat muscle mass, helping an athlete become stronger and able to train and play for longer periods of time. So, athletes basically possess mainly physical advantages from steroids, such as speed, strength, agility, and stamina. Also, it seems that today s athletes are not happy with themselves and the skills they already possess, causing them to feel the need to cheat and believe that steroids are the answer. Steroids are not the answer though, because it is considered cheating. According to Professor David Fairchild from Indiana University, every professional sports league has rules and regulations against steroids, and if one breaks the rules, they should expect disqualification for violating the constitutive rules of the sport. If an athlete takes steroids, they should expect consequences. Athletes know that steroids are unfair, but they take them anyway because they are obsessed with becoming the best. Besides athletes believing that they have a better advantage over their competition, anabolic steroids can also cause harmful, physical, and psychological side effects to the user s body (ESPN). One of the nation's foremost authorities on steroid use, Dr. Gary Wadler, is part of a concerted effort to educate the public about the dangers of anabolic steroids. Dr. Wadler, a New York University School of Medicine professor and lead author of the book Drugs and the Athlete, serves as a consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice on anabolic- androgenic steroid use (ESPN). Dr. Wadler explained that anabolic- androgenic steroids are the synthetic derivatives of the naturally occurring male anabolic hormone testosterone (ESPN).

4 In regards to athletes using illegal steroids, Dr. Wadler explained that athletes "take them to primarily increase muscle mass and strength" (ESPN). Steroids can be taken in many forms, including orally or by injections, and both forms have been discovered to be especially worrisome for the liver and other internal parts of the body (ESPN). Some physical side effects for male user s would include reduced sperm count, impotence, development of breasts, shrinking of testicles, and pain when urinating (ESPN). Women user s experience facial hair growth, deepened voice, breast reduction, and menstrual cycle changes (ESPN). Noticeably and ironically, men undergo a feminization transformation and women undergo a masculinization transformation (ESPN). Other side effects for both genders include acne, weight gain, clotting disorders, liver damage, premature heart attacks and strokes, elevated cholesterol levels, and weakened tendons (ESPN). Steroids also have several behavioral side effects, which would include severe mood swings, irritability, depression, invincibility, and aggression or roid rage (ESPN). Most importantly, there is evidence that shows how addictive steroids can be if used over a long period of time. Steroid abusers may experience severe cravings for the drug and may suffer from withdrawals if they stop taking the drug for a small period of time (ESPN). Dr. Wadler explained that athletes have difficulty stopping use even though they know it s bad for them (ESPN). Overall, it has been proven that steroids are not healthy for athlete s to take because performance- enhancing drugs have way more negative side effects that positive ones. Steroids can totally shut down a user s body and can negatively affect their performance.

5 Lastly, athletes should not use steroids because if caught using, it can ruin their reputation and damage the integrity of their sport. One example of how steroids could ruin one s reputation is shown with professional cyclist Lance Armstrong, who is among the few recognized athletes who abused performance- enhancing drugs while being active in his sport. According to Jacque Wilson from CNN, Armstrong was known for winning the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times between 1999 and But in 2012, he was banned from competitive racing for life because he was charged with having used illicit performance- enhancing drugs, which was investigated by the Union Cycliste Internationale and the United States Anti- Doping Agency (Wilson). Therefore, he was stripped of his seven Tour de France titles and other titles that he had won during his career. Being banned from his sport because of steroid use also resulted in the collapse of his Livestrong foundation, his sponsorship and endorsement deals with Nike, and even caused his marriage to fail. Over the years he had denied ever using steroids, but after he was caught and banned, he admitted to doping on the Oprah Winfrey Show, saying that he did not feel bad about doing what he did (Wilson). Overall, it can be understood that Lance Armstrong s situation exemplifies why athletes should not use steroids. Using steroids is especially risky and embarrassing because getting caught will ruin your reputation and goodwill. The integrity of the sport is also at stake by how everyone involved within a sport will be questioned. Also, athletes who are caught using steroids prove to be poor role models for those who look up to them.

6 In opposition, there are many people who feel that athletes should be allowed to use steroids to improve their performance, enhance the game, and simply because it has become a mainstream thing in sports. According to Chris Smith s article from Forbes entitled Why It s Time to Legalize Steroids in Professional Sports, proponents believe that steroids should be made legal because performance enhancing drugs have become the biggest scourge of professional sports leagues in recent years. Various professional sports leagues have attempted to set a level playing field by testing for drug use and suspending those found guilty, but it s clearly not working (Smith). Stiff punishments have done little to reduce the number of athletes caught cheating every year (Smith). So, legalizing performance enhancers will create a level playing field and will help all athletes become even better and stronger. Steroids and doping will help pitchers throw harder, home runs to go further, cyclists to charge for longer, and sprinters to test the very limits of human speed (Smith). With steroids, the game will definitely become more exciting and competitive, from both an athlete and fan perspective. Most importantly, opponents of steroids will argue that steroids can pose health risks to the athletes involved, but in reality, athletes undertake serious health risks by simply walking onto the field or straddling a bike (Smith). Proponents of steroids believe that performance- enhancing drugs are not harmful and would benefit an athlete and their performance. In conclusion, there are many reasons why professional athletes should not use steroids. Athletes should not take steroids because it is unfair to other athletes and competitors. When an athlete uses steroids, there is no longer a level playing

7 field because they have several physical advantages over others, including strength and energy. Also, professional athletes should not take steroids because it is harmful to their bodies. They might not focus on the physical side effects of the drug, but it can cause severe damage to one s health. Lastly, steroids should not be utilized in professional sports because it will most likely damage an athlete s reputation and will taint the integrity of the sport. Once a great athlete has been caught doping, their lives and reputation will never be the same. Overall, steroid use among the professional sports world is a touchy subject, but every athlete should realize that drugs are not the answer. If an athlete wants to be great, they have to become great the hard way by using the skills they already have to enhance the game.

8 Works Cited "Anabolic Steroids." ESPN. ESPN Internet Ventures, n.d. Web. 21 Nov CNN Library. "Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports Fast Facts." CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Jan Web. 21 Nov Fairchild, David. "Do Athletes Gain an Unfair Advantage by Using Performance Enhancing Drugs? - Drug Use in Sports - ProCon.org."ProConorg Headlines. ProCon.org, n.d. Web. 21 Nov ProQuest Staff. "At Issue: Doping in Sports." ProQuest LLC. 2014: n.pag. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 16 Nov Smith, Chris. "Why It's Time To Legalize Steroids In Professional Sports." Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 24 Aug Web. 23 Nov Wilson, Jacque. "Lance Armstrong's Doping Drugs." CNN. Cable News Network, 18 Jan Web. 21 Nov

What do these athletes have in common?

What do these athletes have in common? What do these athletes have in common? Drugs in Sport Why do athletes cheat? 1988 Olympics 100m Final Why is this photo so iconic? 1988 Olympics 100m Final First time ever 4 of the 8 finalists run under

More information

This week s issue: Word Generation UNIT fundamental alter conflicted substitute compound

This week s issue: Word Generation UNIT fundamental alter conflicted substitute compound Word Generation UNIT 1.10 This week s issue: Some critics argue that athletes should not be blamed for engaging in doping. Sports writers point out that athletes are so pressured to continuously perform

More information

2009 Centre for Science Education Sheffield Hallam University Stimulus sheet Page 1

2009 Centre for Science Education Sheffield Hallam University Stimulus sheet Page 1 2009 Centre for Science Education Sheffield Hallam University Stimulus sheet Page 1 Dwain Chambers Photo courtesy: Paul Foot (flickr) 2009 Centre for Science Education Sheffield Hallam University Dwain

More information

Drugs & Exercise. Lesson. By Carone Fitness

Drugs & Exercise. Lesson. By Carone Fitness Lesson Drugs & Exercise By Carone Fitness Being physically fit and using drugs just don t mix. Unfortunately, there are some athletes that do use drugs for recreation or to enhance performance. There are

More information

The all-embracing word DRUGS covers a wide range of substances.

The all-embracing word DRUGS covers a wide range of substances. DRUGS IN SPORT We have looked at a variety of Assets which sportspeople may be gifted with, develop and train for. But there is something else that some athletes use to train to win and that is DRUGS.

More information

Anabolic Steroids And Other Performance Enhancing Drugs. Amy Prior-Harding University High School

Anabolic Steroids And Other Performance Enhancing Drugs. Amy Prior-Harding University High School Anabolic Steroids And Other Performance Enhancing Drugs Warm Up http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2lgiy1nfhkm! ESSENTIAL STANDARD/OBJECTIVE:9.ATOD.1.1- Explain the short-term & long term effects of performance-enhancing

More information

Use of Performance Enhancing Substances Good Chemistry Gone Bad. Evan M. Klass, M.D., F.A.C.P.

Use of Performance Enhancing Substances Good Chemistry Gone Bad. Evan M. Klass, M.D., F.A.C.P. Use of Performance Enhancing Substances 2017 Good Chemistry Gone Bad Evan M. Klass, M.D., F.A.C.P. Doping the use of banned athletic performance-enhancing drugs by competitors Performance enhancing substances

More information

You may have heard this word used in sporting circles and in the media. While some of what you know about doping might be true, it is important to

You may have heard this word used in sporting circles and in the media. While some of what you know about doping might be true, it is important to Doping You may have heard this word used in sporting circles and in the media. While some of what you know about doping might be true, it is important to know the facts. EAA What is doping? Doping refers

More information

Blood doping is not only illegal but harmful to athletes and should be stopped. Melissa Kocher

Blood doping is not only illegal but harmful to athletes and should be stopped. Melissa Kocher Blood doping is not only illegal but harmful to athletes and should be stopped Melissa Kocher What is blood doping? Method of extracting ones own blood (or donor blood) only to reinsert it at a later date,

More information

Anavar For Sale Oxandrolone

Anavar For Sale Oxandrolone Anavar For Sale Oxandrolone Anavar (oxandrolone C 19 H 30 O 3 ) is an anabolic steroid that provides outstanding results. The Anavar steroid is a synthesized version of testosterone that boosts lean muscle

More information

PDHPE HSC Enrichment Days

PDHPE HSC Enrichment Days PDHPE HSC Enrichment Days Option - Improving Performance The Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs and Drug Testing Page 89 The Syllabus Says - Slide 2 Activity 1: Write as many key terms you can remember

More information

The following unit represents a part of the Topic in Science 30s course offered in the ISPL program. The

The following unit represents a part of the Topic in Science 30s course offered in the ISPL program. The LJ [F El [rljlj I id @2 FiD @2 L @2 Use the Frame that follows to complete your essay. /10 F Using the Internet or other source outline the events and the scandal, revolving around Ben Johnson s 1988 gold

More information

Lasik Eye Surgery vs. Steroids: An Analysis of What Makes Steroids an Unacceptable Form of Performance Enhancement

Lasik Eye Surgery vs. Steroids: An Analysis of What Makes Steroids an Unacceptable Form of Performance Enhancement Jason Ormond Lasik Eye Surgery vs. Steroids: An Analysis of What Makes Steroids an Unacceptable Form of Performance Enhancement Cheating has been part of baseball ever since the game s creation. The first

More information

Agenda

Agenda Agenda Why are you participating in sport? Caring for sport The True Sport Movement The pressures on athletes What is doping? The fight against doping Sanctions for anti-doping violations The WADA Prohibited

More information

HGH for Sale Natural Anti-Aging Human Growth Hormone

HGH for Sale Natural Anti-Aging Human Growth Hormone HGH for Sale Natural Anti-Aging Human Growth Hormone Human growth hormone is one of the hottest supplement trends on the market, and now you can purchase top-quality HGH to be delivered right to your home!

More information

Show doping the red card!

Show doping the red card! Show doping the red card! Say no to doping Doping has no place in football. That is why FIFA has a consistent zero-tolerance policy at all levels against banned substances and methods. As a footballer

More information

Nonfiction 4 ScholaStic Scope

Nonfiction 4 ScholaStic Scope Nonfiction Tim Tadder/Corbis (Background); Courtesy of the Hooton Family (Inset) 4 Scholastic Scope OCTOBER 2013 NARRATiVE NONFICTION Reads like fiction but it s all true DYING TO BE STRONG One young athlete

More information

Analyze the Question Type

Analyze the Question Type Navigating Complex Text Lesson 1 Identifying Key Ideas Question Type Selected Response With Multiple Answers Question Strategy & Standard Identifying Key Ideas: R.2 Determine central ideas or themes of

More information

Package Leaflet: Information for the patient. Sustanon 250, 250 mg/ml, solution for injection (testosterone esters)

Package Leaflet: Information for the patient. Sustanon 250, 250 mg/ml, solution for injection (testosterone esters) Package Leaflet: Information for the patient Sustanon 250, 250 mg/ml, solution for injection (testosterone esters) Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains

More information

Testosterone Use and Effects

Testosterone Use and Effects Parkland College Natural Sciences Poster Sessions Student Works 2013 Testosterone Use and Effects Brandon Mills Parkland College Recommended Citation Mills, Brandon, "Testosterone Use and Effects" (2013).

More information

Proviron. Proviron Functions & Traits: (Mesterolone)

Proviron. Proviron Functions & Traits: (Mesterolone) Proviron (Mesterolone) Proviron represents one of the oldest anabolic androgenic steroids on the market. A product of the giant pharmaceutical company Schering, it would first appear in 1934. Officially

More information

Adler, Jerry, Toxic Strength: Steroids and Kids, How Sports Doping Hits Home, Newsweek, 20 December 2004, pp

Adler, Jerry, Toxic Strength: Steroids and Kids, How Sports Doping Hits Home, Newsweek, 20 December 2004, pp Adler, Jerry, Toxic Strength: Steroids and Kids, How Sports Doping Hits Home, Newsweek, 20 December 2004, pp. 44-52. OVERVIEW According to Monitoring the Future, the University of Michigan s Institute

More information

DRUG TESTING PROTOCOL APRIL 2015

DRUG TESTING PROTOCOL APRIL 2015 DRUG TESTING PROTOCOL APRIL 2015 The purpose of this document is to establish regulations and procedures to prevent the use of substances, (prohibited substances) considered to harm racing pigeons and

More information

Science in the News: Conference Approves Stronger Sport Doping Rules

Science in the News: Conference Approves Stronger Sport Doping Rules Science in the News: Conference Approves Stronger Sport Doping Rules Representatives of anti-doping agencies from around the world met last month in the South African city of Johannesburg. The meeting

More information

Words Can Work. Discussion Guide. Steroids. True Stories Hosted by Curt Schilling

Words Can Work. Discussion Guide. Steroids. True Stories Hosted by Curt Schilling Words Can Work Steroids True Stories Contents Showing............. 1 Profiles........................ 2 Using This Guide................. 3 Impact on Participants Before viewing the program Craig.........................

More information

by David Robson A convenient research and learning tool including:

by David Robson A convenient research and learning tool including: Steroids by David Robson A convenient research and learning tool including: At a Glance section gives succinct topic summaries. Objective overviews provide background and context. Primary Source Quotes

More information

Case 1:10-cr RBW Document 1 Filed 08/19/10 Page 1 of 19 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Case 1:10-cr RBW Document 1 Filed 08/19/10 Page 1 of 19 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Case 1:10-cr-00223-RBW Document 1 Filed 08/19/10 Page 1 of 19 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Holding a Criminal Term Grand Jury Sworn in on May 15, 2009 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

More information

"Steroids Messed Up My Life"

Steroids Messed Up My Life "Steroids Messed Up My Life" Chris Wash started taking steroids at 15. The steroid related suicide of a friend was his wake up call to stop. Turn on your TV, and there's a good chance you'll hear about

More information

PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS

PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS L I S A C O H E N, P H A R M. D., C D E, C D O E, C V D O E A S S O C I A T E P R O F E S S O R O F P H A R M A C Y P R A C T I C E DISCLOSURES I have no financial relationship

More information

We Are For Clean Basketball

We Are For Clean Basketball We Are For Clean Basketball What is doping? DOPING is the use of substances and methods intended to improve the performance of a player. It poses a risk to health. It is contrary to sporting ethics. Doping

More information

Health Literature Review

Health Literature Review Did he really earn it? An examination of anabolic-androgenic steroid use in sports Dexter McMillan 1 1 Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia Edited by: Jade McGregor, Department of Psychology,

More information

Physical Education PHED3. Optimising Performance and Evaluating Contemporary Issues within Sport

Physical Education PHED3. Optimising Performance and Evaluating Contemporary Issues within Sport A General Certificate of Education Advanced Level Examination June 2014 Physical Education Unit 3 Optimising Performance and Evaluating Contemporary Issues within Sport PHED3 Monday 9 June 2014 1.30 pm

More information

Legal Muscle: Anabolics In America By Rick Collins

Legal Muscle: Anabolics In America By Rick Collins Legal Muscle: Anabolics In America By Rick Collins Formats and Editions of Legal muscle : anabolics in America - WorldCat - Legal muscle : anabolics in America by Rick Collins Legal muscle : anabolics

More information

related to improving

related to improving chapter 22 What ethical issues are related to improving performance? Ergogenic aids An ergogenic aid is any procedure, process or substance that enhances performance (or is perceived to enhance performance).

More information

View video at:

View video at: L EFFET PAPILLON Canal +, 25 May 2008 Catch Me If You Can Reported by Sabrina Van Tassel Thanks to Sybilla Suda for translating the script View video at: http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x5kfbv_catch-me-if-you-can-leffetpapillon_news

More information

College Teaching Methods & Styles Journal 2010 Volume 6, Number 1

College Teaching Methods & Styles Journal 2010 Volume 6, Number 1 The Effects Of Caffeine On Athletic Performance Larry W. McDaniel, Dakota State University, USA Kyle McIntire, Dakota State University, USA Carmyn Streitz, Dakota State University, USA Allen Jackson, Chadron

More information

PURE PERFORMANCE IN SPORT: ANTI-DOPING

PURE PERFORMANCE IN SPORT: ANTI-DOPING PURE PERFORMANCE IN SPORT: ANTI-DOPING A presentation by AFL Victoria ASADA 2012. This document is dynamic and subject to change. Please refer to ASADA e-learning to ensure use of the current version.

More information

HGH for Sale Human Growth Hormone

HGH for Sale Human Growth Hormone HGH for Sale Human Growth Hormone Many people consider HGH for sale, or Human Growth Hormone (C 990 H 1529 N 263 O 299 S 7 ) the fountain of youth. In fact, many experts suggest that this is the most sought-after

More information

Testosterone for Sale

Testosterone for Sale Testosterone for Sale Testosterone (C 19 H 28 O 2 ) is the male hormone. The brain, the pituitary gland, and the testes must work in perfect harmony to produce adequate amounts of it. If you want to know

More information

Female testosterone level chart

Female testosterone level chart Female testosterone level chart The Borg System is 100 % Female testosterone level chart Mar 23, 2015. Male, Female. Age: T Level (ng/dl):, Age: T Level (ng/dl):. 0-5 mo. 75-400, 0-5 mo. 20-80. 6 mos.-9

More information

Issues. What is a low testosterone? Who needs testosterone therapy? Benefits/adverse effects of testosterone replacement Treatment options

Issues. What is a low testosterone? Who needs testosterone therapy? Benefits/adverse effects of testosterone replacement Treatment options Male Hypogonadism Jauch Symposium Waterloo, IA May 17, 2013 Janet A. Schlechte, M.D. Disclosure of Financial Relationships Janet A. Schlechte, M.D. has no relationships with any proprietary entity producing

More information

PRODUCT INFORMATION TESTOVIRON DEPOT. (testosterone enanthate)

PRODUCT INFORMATION TESTOVIRON DEPOT. (testosterone enanthate) PRODUCT INFORMATION TESTOVIRON DEPOT (testosterone enanthate) NAME OF THE MEDICINE Testosterone enanthate is designated chemically as 17 beta-heptanoyloxy-4-androstene-3- one. The empirical formula of

More information

AN ASSESSMENT OF PROHIBITED METHODS OF DOPING AMONG ATHLETES IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTHWEST, NIGERIA

AN ASSESSMENT OF PROHIBITED METHODS OF DOPING AMONG ATHLETES IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTHWEST, NIGERIA AN ASSESSMENT OF PROHIBITED METHODS OF DOPING AMONG ATHLETES IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTHWEST, NIGERIA O. B. AJAYI-VINCENT Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education,

More information

Testosterone: How To Increase And Produce Naturally By Nick Stanton

Testosterone: How To Increase And Produce Naturally By Nick Stanton Testosterone: How To Increase And Produce Naturally By Nick Stanton 29 Proven and Effective Ways to Boost Testosterone Naturally - Things You MUST DO To Increase Testosterone Naturally: Studies show that

More information

DRUGS IN SPORT. Dr Chris Davies

DRUGS IN SPORT. Dr Chris Davies 1 DRUGS IN SPORT Dr Chris Davies Introduction There is no doubt that drugs in sport is one of the major areas of sports law, and in fact it can be considered to be the main area in which sport has developed

More information

The Football Association Policy on Trans People in Football

The Football Association Policy on Trans People in Football POLICY DOCUMENT 1. Introduction Football belongs to, and should be enjoyed by, anyone who wants to participate in it. The Football Association (The FA) regulates the participation of competitors in football

More information

Code of Conduct Policy

Code of Conduct Policy Code of Conduct Policy Original Version Approved: October, 2011 Current Version Approved: October, 2014 Date of Next Review: October, 2016 Policy No.09-6 Pages: 7 1. OBJECTIVE 1.1. This policy shall establish

More information

CANOEKAYAK CANADA ATHLETE AGREEMENT

CANOEKAYAK CANADA ATHLETE AGREEMENT CANOEKAYAK CANADA ATHLETE AGREEMENT BETWEEN: CANOEKAYAK CANADA ( CKC ) and ( Athlete ) WHEREAS CKC is recognized by the International Canoe Federation (ICF) and the Government of Canada as the sole governing

More information

Antiduretic Hormone, Growth. Hormone & Anabolic Steroids

Antiduretic Hormone, Growth. Hormone & Anabolic Steroids Goudarz Sadeghi, DVM, PhD, DSc Associate Professor of Pharmacology University of Tehran Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Veterinary Pharmacology Endocrine System Antiduretic Hormone, Growth Hormone & Anabolic

More information

TESTOFEN HUMAN CLINICAL TRIAL GENCOR PACIFIC, INC. Copyright 2006 by Gencor Pacific, Inc.

TESTOFEN HUMAN CLINICAL TRIAL GENCOR PACIFIC, INC. Copyright 2006 by Gencor Pacific, Inc. GENCOR PACIFIC, INC. 920 E. Orangethorpe Avenue, Suite B, Anaheim, CA 92801 Ph: 714.870.8723 714.870.8724 efax: 732.875.0306 drjit@gencorpacific.com gita@gencorpacific.com www.gencorpacific.com TESTOFEN

More information

WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS?

WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS? EWF Coaching & Scientific Seminar, Dublin, 7/8 Oct 2016 WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS? Dr Mike Irani Chairman IWF Medical Committee and TUE Committee (IWF Drug Hearing Panel) Distinction

More information

Bodybuilders' Knowledge and Perceptions of the Use of Anabolic Steroids

Bodybuilders' Knowledge and Perceptions of the Use of Anabolic Steroids South Dakota State University Open PRAIRIE: Open Public Research Access Institutional Repository and Information Exchange Theses and Dissertations 1987 Bodybuilders' Knowledge and Perceptions of the Use

More information

NEW TRIER HOCKEY CLUB CODE OF CONDUCT

NEW TRIER HOCKEY CLUB CODE OF CONDUCT NEW TRIER HOCKEY CLUB CODE OF CONDUCT In accordance with the bylaws of the New Trier Hockey Club ( NTHC ), each player, and parent of a player, as members of the NTHC, agree to adhere to the following

More information

Mental Approach to Pitching

Mental Approach to Pitching Mental Approach to Pitching Since you were a young boy, you have been overwhelmed by coaches who teach only the mechanics of pitching. What they fail to realize, however, is that mechanics is only one

More information

Spartans Football Club - Code of Conduct

Spartans Football Club - Code of Conduct Spartans Football Club - Code of Conduct Fair Play Conduct according to the spirit of Fair Play is essential for the successful promotion and development of and involvement in sport. The objective of Fair

More information

1001 West Broadway, Vancouver, BC V6H 4B1. Topical Finasteride

1001 West Broadway, Vancouver, BC V6H 4B1. Topical Finasteride 1001 West Broadway, Vancouver, BC V6H 4B1 Topical Finasteride 1 Topical finasteride is a solution containing the drug finasteride typically sold under the brand names Propecia and Proscar. The Finasteride

More information

Current Issues In Doping and Anti Doping in Sport

Current Issues In Doping and Anti Doping in Sport Current Issues In Doping and Anti Doping in Sport David Mottram Disclaimer: PRESENTING AUTHORS HAVE NO RELATIONSHIPS TO DISCLOSE Course Aim: To revue important aspects of doping and anti doping in sport

More information

Androgens and Anabolic Steroids Prior Authorization with Quantity Limit - Through Preferred Topical Androgen Agent

Androgens and Anabolic Steroids Prior Authorization with Quantity Limit - Through Preferred Topical Androgen Agent Androgens and Anabolic Steroids Prior Authorization with Quantity Limit - Through Preferred Topical Androgen Agent Androgens/Anabolic Steroids Prior Authorization with Quantity Limit Through Preferred

More information

Presidential address of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Drug abuse in sports*

Presidential address of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Drug abuse in sports* Presidential address of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Drug abuse in sports* JAY S. COX, MD President, AOSSM The reasons that athletes use drugs are to improve performance, to play

More information

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ) Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs)

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ) Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs) BACKGROUND The TUE program is a rigorous and necessary part of elite sport; which has overwhelming acceptance from athletes, physicians and all anti-doping stakeholders. This FAQ has been designed to educate

More information

INTERVIEW WITH DUNCAN MILLOY

INTERVIEW WITH DUNCAN MILLOY INTERVIEW WITH DUNCAN MILLOY What is your educational background? I have a college diploma from Algonquin College. I have also attained numerous certifications in the Health and Fitness industry also,

More information

Psychology. Psychology & Performance Enhancing Substances. The Ideal Performance State. Relationship Between Confidence and Athletic Performance

Psychology. Psychology & Performance Enhancing Substances. The Ideal Performance State. Relationship Between Confidence and Athletic Performance Psychology & Performance Enhancing Substances Psychology The Ideal Performance State Absence of fear no fear of failure No thinking about or analysis of performance Narrow focus of attention concentrated

More information

Faster, Higher, and Stronger: Why athletes should have the choice to use performance-enhancing drugs

Faster, Higher, and Stronger: Why athletes should have the choice to use performance-enhancing drugs From the SelectedWorks of Robert J Bello January 28, 2008 Faster, Higher, and Stronger: Why athletes should have the choice to use performance-enhancing drugs Robert J Bello, Thomas Jefferson School of

More information

ATHLETE AGREEMENT (including Code of Conduct for Athletes)

ATHLETE AGREEMENT (including Code of Conduct for Athletes) ATHLETE AGREEMENT (including Code of Conduct for Athletes) Singapore Cycling Federation (SCF) Changkat Community Centre 13, Tampines Street 11 #03-08 Singapore 529453 Tel: 67846621 Page 1 of 10 Overview

More information

April 28, Dear Station Manager,

April 28, Dear Station Manager, April 28, 2017 Dear Station Manager, This May, Walk in the Word is going back to their roots as they bring back their classic theme song, written and recorded by David Crowder. The catchy tune is back

More information

Cycling New Zealand Incorporated

Cycling New Zealand Incorporated Cycling New Zealand Incorporated Selection Regulation for MTB Teams and International MTB Competitions 2017 Commencement Date 13 December 2016 Issued 13 December 2016 1 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 3 PART

More information

By Christopher Suprun Jr., NREMT-P, CCEMT-P

By Christopher Suprun Jr., NREMT-P, CCEMT-P By Christopher Suprun Jr., NREMT-P, CCEMT-P PHOTO FOR ILLUSTRATION ONLY. 34 Texas EMS Magazine March/April 2005 Pumped up Watching for signs of steroid use It s a quiet Saturday morning as your crew considers

More information

Manchester United Brand Audit

Manchester United Brand Audit Manchester United Brand Audit By: Michael Matthews Table Of Contents Company Information 2-5 Category and Competition 6-7 Brand Analysis 8 Consumer Profile 9 Advertising 10 Media 11 Internet 12 Social

More information

SAINT JO ATHLETIC DEPARTMENT POLICIES

SAINT JO ATHLETIC DEPARTMENT POLICIES Saint Jo ISD 2011-2012 Athletic Policy According to University Interscholastic League Rules, being in athletics is a privilege and not a right. When a young man or young woman signs up for athletics and

More information

FINASTERIDE (PROPECIA, PROSCAR) SIDE EFFECT & CONSENT FORM

FINASTERIDE (PROPECIA, PROSCAR) SIDE EFFECT & CONSENT FORM 750 West Broadway Street Suite 905 Vancouver, BC M5Z 1K1 FAX: (604) 648-9003 vancouveroffice@donovanmedical.com FINASTERIDE (PROPECIA, PROSCAR) SIDE EFFECT & CONSENT FORM What is finasteride? Finasteride

More information

PRODUCT INFORMATION PRIMOTESTON DEPOT. (testosterone enantate)

PRODUCT INFORMATION PRIMOTESTON DEPOT. (testosterone enantate) PRODUCT INFORMATION PRIMOTESTON DEPOT (testosterone enantate) NAME OF THE MEDICINE Testosterone enantate is designated chemically as 17 beta-heptanoyloxy-4-androstene-3- one. The empirical formula of testosterone

More information

SA INSTITUTE FOR DRUG FREE SPORT (SAIDS) ANTI DOPING DISCIPLINARY HEARING

SA INSTITUTE FOR DRUG FREE SPORT (SAIDS) ANTI DOPING DISCIPLINARY HEARING SA INSTITUTE FOR DRUG FREE SPORT (SAIDS) ANTI DOPING DISCIPLINARY HEARING ATHLETE: MS JULIE TSHABALALA SPORTS FEDERATION: BOXING SOUTH AFRICA ( BSA ) DATE: MONDAY, 28 NOVEMBER 2011 PLACE OF HEARING: GARDEN

More information

International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress

International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress Order Code RS22887 Updated August 11, 2008 International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress Summary Liana Sun Wyler Analyst in International Crime and Narcotics Foreign Affairs, Defense,

More information

Biology A (Salters-Nuffield)

Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Pearson Edexcel Level 3 GCE Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Advanced Paper 3 - Pre-release material Sample Assessment Material for first teaching September 2015 Do not return the Insert with the question

More information

Arbitration CAS ad hoc Division (O.G. Sydney) 00/015 Mihaela Melinte / International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF), award of 29 September 2000

Arbitration CAS ad hoc Division (O.G. Sydney) 00/015 Mihaela Melinte / International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF), award of 29 September 2000 Tribunal Arbitral du Sport Court of Arbitration for Sport Arbitration CAS ad hoc Division (O.G. Sydney) 00/015 Mihaela Melinte / International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF), Panel: Mr. Richard Young

More information

TRAINING CHILDREN IN KARATE

TRAINING CHILDREN IN KARATE TRAINING CHILDREN IN KARATE PURPOSE AND USE OF EQUIPMENT by Edward A. Rumick A paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Yon Dan American JKA-International 2013 Approved

More information

The Science of. NUTRICULA Longevity Journal

The Science of. NUTRICULA Longevity Journal 32 December, 2011 The Science of 33 NUTRICULA Longevity Journal As men age, there is often a decline in libido and sexual function. This decline frequently interferes in intimacy within romantic relationships,

More information

Material Safety Data Sheet

Material Safety Data Sheet Material Safety Data Sheet Testosterone Enanthate MSDS 1 1 0 He a lt h Fire Re a c t iv it y Pe rs o n a l Pro t e c t io n 1 1 0 E Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification Product Name:

More information

Bigger, Stronger, and Better Looking: Performance Enhancing Drug Use by Adolescents. 10hn Samb

Bigger, Stronger, and Better Looking: Performance Enhancing Drug Use by Adolescents. 10hn Samb Bigger, Stronger, and Better Looking: Performance Enhancing Drug Use by Adolescents by 10hn Samb A Research Paper Submitted in P31tial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Master of Science Degree III

More information

In re: ALLEGED VIOLATION OF ANTI-DOPING RULE IN TERMS OF ARTICLE 2.1 OF THE 2009 ANTI-COPING RULES OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN

In re: ALLEGED VIOLATION OF ANTI-DOPING RULE IN TERMS OF ARTICLE 2.1 OF THE 2009 ANTI-COPING RULES OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN IN THE DISCIPLINARY HEARING OF: SOUTH AFRICAN INSTITUTE FOR DRUG-FREE SPORT and ALPHONSO ADONIS In re: ALLEGED VIOLATION OF ANTI-DOPING RULE IN TERMS OF ARTICLE 2.1 OF THE 2009 ANTI-COPING RULES OF THE

More information

Code of Conduct and Team Travel Policy 2016 Inland Empire Swimming Age Group Zones/All Star Team (Please keep pages 1, 2, 4, & 5)

Code of Conduct and Team Travel Policy 2016 Inland Empire Swimming Age Group Zones/All Star Team (Please keep pages 1, 2, 4, & 5) "Support your teammates" Code of Conduct and Team Travel Policy 2016 Inland Empire Swimming Age Group Zones/All Star Team (Please keep pages 1, 2, 4, & 5) This powerful and all-encompassing statement is

More information

LOUISIANA FIRE JUNIORS SOCCER CLUB PLAYER AND PARENT CONTRACT

LOUISIANA FIRE JUNIORS SOCCER CLUB PLAYER AND PARENT CONTRACT Player Name: Team: LOUISIANA FIRE JUNIORS SOCCER CLUB 2017-2018 PLAYER AND PARENT CONTRACT Congratulations on being selected to join the Louisiana Fire Juniors Soccer Club (LA FIRE) for the 2017-2018 Seasonal

More information

Wild Caught Vs Captive Bred Exotic Pets. In the exotic pet trade there are two types of animals available to the buyer; wild caught

Wild Caught Vs Captive Bred Exotic Pets. In the exotic pet trade there are two types of animals available to the buyer; wild caught Newman 1 Chris Newman Malory Klocke English 1010 4I Wild Caught Vs Captive Bred Exotic Pets In the exotic pet trade there are two types of animals available to the buyer; wild caught and captive bred.

More information

Introduction to the Doping Problem

Introduction to the Doping Problem Introduction to the Doping Problem Jordi Segura Director, WADA Accredited Antidoping Laboratory, IMIM-Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain Doping and Society: towards the perfect human machine? ESOF, Barcelona

More information

INTERNATIONAL BMX LICENSE APPLICATION

INTERNATIONAL BMX LICENSE APPLICATION INTERNATIONAL BMX LICENSE APPLICATION USAC License # All UCI licenses expire December 31, 2016 AGE CLASS BMX CATEGORY (17 & over only) Under 17 years (racing age of 16 years or under as of 12/31/16) Championship

More information

Icd-10 low levels of testosterone

Icd-10 low levels of testosterone Icd-10 low levels of testosterone The Borg System is 100 % Icd-10 low levels of testosterone 1-10-2017 if your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have a hormone disorder. Hormone diseases

More information

Discipline Guidance for RFU Clubs

Discipline Guidance for RFU Clubs Discipline Guidance for RFU Clubs The Rugby Football Union s Core Values of Teamwork, Respect, Enjoyment, Discipline and Sportsmanship define our sport and make it special for players, coaches, match officials,

More information

Development of a Clinical Research Method for the Measurement of Testosterone. Dihydrotestosterone

Development of a Clinical Research Method for the Measurement of Testosterone. Dihydrotestosterone Development of a Clinical Research Method for the Measurement of Testosterone and Dihydrotestosterone Martijn van Faassen, Maarten van den Noort and Ido Kima University Medical Center, Groningen, Netherlands

More information

Public Perceptions of Steroid Use in Sport: Contextualizing Communication Efforts

Public Perceptions of Steroid Use in Sport: Contextualizing Communication Efforts STUDENT COMMENTARY International Journal of Sport Communication, 2008, 1, 444-457 2008 Human Kinetics, Inc. Public Perceptions of Steroid Use in Sport: Contextualizing Communication Efforts Amy B. Becker

More information

McGwire, it seems, had a little something extra in his back pocket, and it wasn't his batting glove.

McGwire, it seems, had a little something extra in his back pocket, and it wasn't his batting glove. Chapter 1 - The more things change, the more they stay the same. In 1998, St. Louis Cardinals right fielder Mark McGwire broke Babe Ruth's long-standing home run record. That record was made even more

More information

Sports Manual Of Rules, Policies and Procedures WRESTLING (FREESTYLE, GRECO-ROMAN, BEACH, SAMBO, and GRAPPLING) (RedBook

Sports Manual Of Rules, Policies and Procedures WRESTLING (FREESTYLE, GRECO-ROMAN, BEACH, SAMBO, and GRAPPLING) (RedBook Sports Manual Of Rules, Policies and Procedures WRESTLING (FREESTYLE, GRECO-ROMAN, BEACH, SAMBO, and GRAPPLING) (RedBook 2012.06.17) 1 INTRODUCTION...................................................................

More information

Reproductive DHT Analyte Information

Reproductive DHT Analyte Information Reproductive DHT Analyte Information - 1 - DHT Introduction Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) together with other important steroid hormones such as testosterone, androstenedione (ASD) and dehydroepiandrosterone

More information

T-BALL LEAGUE BYLAWS

T-BALL LEAGUE BYLAWS 1. RULES AND REGULATIONS T-BALL LEAGUE BYLAWS Official Pony Baseball Rules and Regulations and Official Baseball Rules published by Sporting News shall govern league play except were amended by the Youngsville

More information

2011 Sponsorship Proposal

2011 Sponsorship Proposal 2011 Sponsorship Proposal www.miscabike.org Introduction to MiSCA Cycling is one of the most popular sports in the world; however, public and most private schools in Michigan do not offer any type of biking

More information

Penalties and Procedures

Penalties and Procedures Penalties and Procedures Increasingly complex off-the-field rules and processes for athletes mean more interaction between the worlds of sports and law M 16 Summer 2012 Marquette Law School s sports law

More information

NATIONAL LEVEL EVENT TRAVEL SUPPORT APPLICATION. ALL criteria below must be met for consideration of Travel Support

NATIONAL LEVEL EVENT TRAVEL SUPPORT APPLICATION. ALL criteria below must be met for consideration of Travel Support NATIONAL LEVEL EVENT TRAVEL SUPPORT APPLICATION Approved August 2008; Effective September 1, 2008 RECEIPT COPIES MUST ACCOMPANY THIS COMPLETED FORM! ALL criteria below must be met for consideration of

More information

CHAPTER XVI PDL 101 HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY. Ms. K. GOWRI. M.Pharm., Lecturer.

CHAPTER XVI PDL 101 HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY. Ms. K. GOWRI. M.Pharm., Lecturer. CHAPTER XVI PDL 101 HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Ms. K. GOWRI. M.Pharm., Lecturer. Muscle Cell Metabolism Muscle Cells Provide ATP to Drive the Crossbridge Cycle The sources of ATP: Available ATP in the

More information