Occupant Protection Laws

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1 Occupant Protection s Alabama Alaska Arizona Under 1 yr. or <20 lbs. in rearfacing ; under 5 yrs. and <40 lbs. forward-facing ; under 6 yrs. in booster ** Under 1 yr. or <20 lbs. in rearfacing ; under 5 yrs. and >20 lbs. forward-facing ; 4-8 yrs., <57 and lbs. in booster or child safety ** Under 5 yrs. must be in appropriate child ; 5-8 yrs & <57 in booster ** 6 until 15 yrs. 15+ yrs. in front P 4 until 16 yrs, and >65 lbs. 5-7 yrs. &, and 8 until 16 yrs. Arkansas Under 6 yrs. & under 60 lbs.** 6 yrs. or at least 60 lbs. until 15 yrs. California Under 8 or less than 57 ; Under 8 until 16 or at age 2 & < 40 lbs. & < 40 must least 57 be rear-facing 1** Colorado Connecticut Under 1 yr. & <20 lbs. in rearfacing ; 1 until 4 & lbs. in forward-facing ; 4-7 yrs. in booster 2** Under 1 yr. or <20 lbs. in rearfacing ; under 7 yrs. or less than 60 lbs. in child safety 3 Under 8 yrs. & under 66 lbs.4** 16+ yrs. in all s P 8+ yrs. in front ; 8 until 16 yrs. in all s 15+ yrs. in front P 16+ yrs. in all s P 8 until 16 yrs. 16+ yrs. in front S 7 until 16 yrs. and 60+ lbs. 7+ yrs. in front P Delaware 8 until 16 yrs. or 16+ yrs. in all s P 66+ lbs. D.C. Under 8 yrs.** 8 until 16 yrs. 16+ yrs. in all s P Florida Under 6 years5** N/A 6 until 18 yrs. in all P s; 6+ yrs. in front S In California, children less than 57 must be in the rear, if available. Children weighing more than 40 lbs. may be belted without a booster if they are 1 ed in the rear of a vehicle not equipped with lap/shoulder belts. A child may not ride in the front of a motor vehicle with an active passenger airbag if the child is riding in a rear-facing child restraint system. In Colorado, vehicles without lap/shoulder belts are exempt. 2 In Connecticut, vehicles without lap/shoulder belts are exempt. 3 In Delaware, no child who is 65 or less in height or is under 12 years of age shall occupy the front passenger of any vehicle equipped with a passenger-side 4 airbag that has not been deliberately rendered inoperable.

2 Occupant Protection s Georgia Hawaii Under 8 yrs & <57 ; must be in the rear if available** Under 4 yrs. in child safety ; 4 until 8 yrs. <57 and <40 lbs. in booster or child safety 8 until 18 yrs. and 4 through 7 years who are taller than 4'9" 8 until 18 yrs. in all s; 18+ yrs. in front P 8+ yrs. in all s P **6 Idaho Under 7 yrs.** N/A 7+ yrs. in all s S Illinois Under 8 yrs.7** 8 until 16 yrs. 16+ yrs. in all s; P under 19 yrs. in all s if driver is under 18 Indiana Under 8 yrs.8 ** 8 until 16 yrs. 16+ yrs. in all s P Iowa Under 1 yr. & < 20 lbs. in a rearfacing 6 until 18 yrs. 18+ yrs. in front P child safety ; 1 until 6 yrs. must be in a child restraint system** Kansas Under 4 yrs. in child safety ; 8 until 13 yrs. and yrs. in all s P under 8 yrs and <80 lbs. or <57 >80 lbs. or 18+ in front (S for rear in booster or child safety occupants >18) Kentucky Under 40 in child safety ; under 8 yrs. & in booster ** Under 8 yrs. & Under 8 & in all s; 8+ in all s P In Florida, a belt may be used for children ages 4 to 6 when the child is either being transported by someone who is not a member of the child's immediate 5 family, in an emergency, or has a documented medical condition that necessitates an exception. In Hawaii, children under 8, but at least 4 9 are not required to use a child restraint. Vehicles without lap & shoulder belts are exempt as long as the child is 6 ed in the rear. In Illinois, a child weighing more than 40 lbs. may be transported in the back of a motor vehicle while wearing only a lap belt if the back of the motor 7 vehicle is not equipped with a combination lap and shoulder belt. 8 In Indiana, a child weighing more than 40 pounds may be transported using a lap belt if the vehicle is not equipped with lap and shoulder belts or if all lap and shoulder belts other than those in the front are being used to restrain other children younger than 16.

3 Occupant Protection s Louisiana Maine Under 1 yr. or <20 lbs. in a rearfacing child safety ; 1 until 4 yrs. or lbs. in a forwardfacing child safety ; 4 & 5 yrs. or lbs. in a booster. Under 6 and under 60 lbs. must be in the rear if available** Under 40 lbs. in a child safety ; lbs. & under 8 in a 6 until 13 yrs. or >60 lbs. 8 until 18 yrs. or <18 yrs. & booster 9 ** Maryland Under 8 yrs. or 57 8 yrs. & until 16 yrs. 13+ yrs. in all s P 18+ yrs. in all s P 16+ yrs. in front 10 P (S for rear occupants) 13+ yrs. in all s S Massachusetts Under 8 yrs. & 57 lbs. or under** 8 until 13 yrs. & Michigan Under 8 yrs. & <57 ; under 3 yrs. 8 until 16 & 16+ in front P must be in rear if available** Minnesota Under 8 yrs. & <57 ** 8+ yrs. & 8+ yrs. in all s P Mississippi Under 4 yrs. in child safety ; 6+ yrs. & or 7+ yrs. in all s P 4-6 yrs. & <57 or <65 lbs. in >65 lbs. booster ** Missouri Under 4 yrs. in child safety ; 4-7 yrs., lbs. or under 50 in child or booster ; 4+ yrs. and < 80 lbs. in booster 8 until 16 & 80+ lbs. or > yrs. in front S (P for children <16) Montana Under 6 yrs. & <60 lbs.** 6+ yrs. & >60 lbs. 6+ yrs. in all s S Nebraska Under 6 yrs. 6 until 18 yrs. 18+ yrs. in front S11 Nevada Under 6 yrs. & under 60 lbs.** 6+ yrs. & >60 lbs. 6+ yrs. in all s S New Hampshire Under 7 yrs. & <57 12 ** 7 until 18 yrs. or <18 yrs. & No No 8 In Maine, children under 12 and <100 lbs. must be in rear, if available. In Maryland, rear passengers are required to wear a belt (a secondary offense). 10 Nebraska's belt law is secondary, but enforces the child restraint law on a primary/standard basis. 11

4 Occupant Protection s New Jersey New Mexico New York Under age 2 & <30 lbs. rearfacing ; under age 4 & <40 lbs. in appropriate harness ; under 8 yrs. & <57 in a booster, in rear of vehicle** Under 1 yr. must be in rearfacing in rear if available; 1-4 yrs. or <40 lbs. in child safety ; 5 and 6 yrs. & <60 lbs. in booster 13 ** Under 4 & <40 lbs. in child safety ; 4 until 8 yrs. or under 4 & >40 lbs. in booster 8 until 18 yrs.& Under 8 & ; 8+ yrs. in all s P (S for rear occupants) 7 until 18 yrs. 18+ yrs. in all s P 8 until 16 yrs. 16+ yrs. in front P 14 North Carolina Under 8 yrs. & under 80 lbs.15 ** 8 until 16 yrs. 16+ yrs. in all s P (S for rear occupants) North Dakota Under 8 yrs. & <57 16** 8 until 18 yrs. 18+ yrs. in front S Ohio Under 4 yrs. or under 40 lbs. in 8 until 15 yrs. & 8 until 15yrs. in all s; S child safety ; under 57 and 15+ in front 4-8 yrs. In a booster ** Oklahoma Under 2 yrs. must be in rearfacing 8 yrs. & > yrs. in front P ; under 4 yrs. must be in harness ; under 8 yrs. and <4 9 in restraint or booster 17 In New Hampshire, child restraints required for children under 7 yrs. and under In New Mexico, children ages 7 through 12 must be properly restrained in a child restraint until a vehicle safety fits properly. 13 In New York, children under 7 but at least 4 9 and/or more than 100 lbs. are not required to be in a child restraint. Vehicles without lap/shoulder belts are 14 exempt. In North Carolina, children must be restrained in a child safety in the rear if the vehicle has a passenger airbag, unless the child restraint system is 15 designed for use with airbags. Additionally, if all ing positions with a lap and shoulder belt are taken, children less than 8 and between 40 and 80 lbs. may be ed in a properly positioned lap belt. In North Dakota, vehicles without lap/shoulder belts are exempt. 16 In Oklahoma, a child weighing more than 40 lbs. may be transported in the back of a motor vehicle while wearing only a lap belt if the back of the 17 motor vehicle is not equipped with a combination lap and shoulder belt.

5 Occupant Protection s Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina Under 2 yrs. in rear-facing ; <40 lbs.; over 40 lbs., under 8 yrs. or <57 in booster Under age 2 years in a rearfacing until child outgrows the manufacturer s height, weight recommendations; under 4 yrs. in child safety ; 4-8 yrs. in booster ** Under 8 yrs., under 57 and under 80 lbs., must sit in rear ** Under 2 yrs. in a rear-facing infant ; 2+ yrs. in forwardfacing ; 4-8 yrs. or until 8-15 yrs. or 16+ yrs. in all s P 8 until 18 yrs. 8 until 18 yrs. in all s; 18+ yrs. in front 8 until 18 yrs,, & 80+ lbs. 57 in a booster ** South Dakota Under 5 yrs. & under 40 lbs.** 5 yrs. & 40+ lbs. until 18 yrs. Tennessee Under 1 yr. or <20 lbs. in a rearfacing infant ; 1 until 4 yrs. & 20+ lbs. in a forward-facing infant ; 4 until 9 yrs. & < 57 in a booster 19 S (P for children <18 yrs.) 18+ yrs. in all s P 8 yrs. or yrs. all s P 9 until 16 yrs. or under 13 yrs. & 57 or more Texas Under 8 yrs. & <57 ** 8 until 17 yrs. & Utah Under 8 yrs. & <57 ** 8 until 16 yrs. & all children Vermont Under 1 yr. & <20 lbs. in a rearfacing 8 until 18 yrs. & infant ; 1 until 8 yrs. >20 lbs. & >20 lbs. in child safety or booster 20 ** 18+ yrs. in front S 16+ yrs. in front P 17+ yrs. in all s P 16+ yrs. in all s P 18+ yrs. in all s S In South Carolina, children who are under age 8 must be in the rear, if available. 18 In Tennessee, children under 9 yrs. and less than 4 9 must be in a rear if available. 19 In Vermont, children under 2 or less than 20 pounds must be in the rear unless the front passenger airbag is deactivated. 20

6 Occupant Protection s Virginia Under 1 yr. in a rear facing infant, must sit in rear; 1 until 8 yrs. in child safety or booster 21 ** Washington Under 1 yr. or <20 lbs. in a rearfacing safety ; 1-4 yrs. or lbs. in forward-facing child ; under 8 yrs. in booster 22** West Virginia Under 8 yrs. & <57 23 ** 8 until 18 yrs. & Wisconsin Wyoming Under 1 yr. or <20 lbs. in a rear-facing safety ; 1-3 yrs. & lbs. in child safety ; 4-8 yrs., lbs. & <57 in booster 24** Under 9 yrs., must be in rear if available25** 8 until 18 yrs. 18+ yrs. in front S 8 until 16 yrs. 16+ yrs. in all s P Under 9 yrs., >80 lbs. & 8 until 18 yrs. in all P s; 18+ yrs. in front 8+ yrs. in all s P N/A 9+ yrs. in all s S *All child restraint laws are primary; however, Ohio s is secondary, and Nebraska s law is secondary for those who may be in safety belts and standard for those in a child restraint device. ** All of these laws indicate that a child must be properly secured/restrained, which means that the must be used in accordance with manufacturer s instructions. In Virginia, children 4-7 years-old may use an adult belt only with a doctor s exemption for a medical reason. 21 In Washington, children at least 4 9 are not required to use a child restraint. Children under 13 must be in the rear. 22 In West Virginia, children at least 4 9 are not required to use a child restraint. 23 In Wisconsin, children under 4 yrs. must be in rear, if available. 24 In Wyoming, children may sit in the front if all rear s are occupied. Children under 9 who properly fit in a belt do not need to use a child restraint. 25

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