A REVISED INVENTORY AND CONCORDANCE OF THE MEDIEVAL IRISH CHANCERY ROLLS

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1 A REVISED INVENTORY AND CONCORDANCE OF THE MEDIEVAL IRISH CHANCERY ROLLS 1 I Rotulus (in dorso inscriptus Antiquissime littere patentes ) continens quedam de regnis Regum Hen. II. Hen. III. Johan. & Edw. I. 1 Antiquissime l[itte]re Patentes & Concessiones. Mm No. of 6 56 (30+26d) in 1 This roll, though stated by Lodge and others as one of the 11th of Edw. III, appears to be a roll of Edw. I, and contains grants by Hen. II; John, when earl Morton and also when king; by Hen. III. and Edw. I. The words Antiquissime littere patentes & Concessiones appear at the heading, in the hand-writing of the time of James I; at which period it is evident it was considered the most ancient roll in this office. It contains sixty two inrolments, some of which are defaced, and the first membrane is much torn. 2 II 31 Edward I [1302 3] anno 31 Edw. I. Rot Pat A o 31 Edw. I and EDWARD I (20 November 1272 to 7 July 1307) Feb. to Nov (87+0d) 4 This roll contains several grants, mandates, a charter of Limerick, &c.. 3 I 2 Edward II [1308 9] anno 2 Edw. II. Rotulus clausus de anno s[e]c[un]do Edwardi secundi. EDWARD II (8 July 1307 to 20 January 1327) July 1308 to June 1309 ( d) 7 This roll contains liberates, writs of injunction, recognizances, &c. and an account of the records of the chancery prior to the 28 th of Edward I. 4 II 3 Edward II [ ] anno 3 Edw. II. 2 Edwardi s[e]c[un]di anno regni tertio. (Not an original endorsement.) =Close Roll 3 Edw. II Sept to May [3] 251 (67+184d) 12 This appears to be a close roll; the contents are, in general, liberates, grants, presentations, deeds, writs, recognizances, a writ of summons to parliament; it is a good deal injured and defaced, particularly on the back. 1 Eight membranes (6 + 2) of the so-called Antiquissime roll were extant in 1828: six in RCI roll 1 and two more calendared in as anno 11 Edw. II. 2 a pars (=RCI roll 9). 2 The general observations of 1819 state that RCI roll 4 consisted of 3 membranes; the catalogue in records 4 membranes.

2 5 III 4 Edward II [ ] annis 3 & 4 Edw. II. Rotul Pat de anno Edw. II. IV to. =Patent Roll 4 Edw. II July 1310 to June (92+60d) in 15 Various Patents. 6 IV 5 Edward II [ ] anno 5 Edw. II. 3 Rot Claus 5 Edw. 2 di. Oct. to Nov [face]; April to June 1312 [dorso] 2 66 (33+33d) 19 A fragment. 1. Rob Chapelyn recogn. 2. Nic Ffreysell breve. 7 V 9 11 Edward III [1335 8] anno 10 Edw. II. 4 (No ancient endorsement.) 10 th Edward II. A close roll Edw. III 5 33 (32+1d) 20 This roll contains for the most part liberates and writs, and is made up in the same manner as other close rolls. In good preservation. 8 VI Various anno 11 Edw. II. 1 a (No endorsement.) =Two detached membranes of the Antiquissime roll. 2 6 (6+0d) 21 This roll was attached to the Antiquissime. 9 VII 11 Edward II [ ] anno 11 Edw. II. 2 a 5 11 Edw. II. A patent roll (modern endorsement). =Patent Roll 11 Edw. II [not part 2] July 1317 to April (118+93d) 21 This roll contains charters, grants, presentations, pardons, &c. Nearly half this roll is decayed, the remainder is in good preservation. The word, patentia, is written on the back of one of the membranes. 10 VIII 13 Edward II [ ] anno 13 Edw. II. Rotulus de patentibus de anno regni Regis Edw. fil Regis Edwardi. July 1319 to June (53+40d) 26 The patent roll contains inrolments of the same nature as that of the 11 th year. Part of the first and last membranes are much 3 includes an editorial note at the start of the roll (p. 19) to the effect that the Ms was considerably worn away ( nonnulla detrita ). This tallies with the fact that the first two articles listed in the general observations of 1819 (i.e. those concerning Robert Chapelyn and Nicholas Freysel respectively) are given in as nos. 12 and 13 respectively, indicating that there were eleven illegible on the first damaged membrane of the roll. 4 RCI roll 7 is a controlment roll. These were normally written on one side only; this roll contains a single item on the dorso (, p. 21, no. 33), namely an enrolment of an indenture of receipt for money received by the treasurer as a loan from John Darcy. 5 RCI roll 9 is listed in as if it were the second part of a patent roll; in fact it was the only portion of Patent Roll 11 Edward II extant in the nineteenth century; the roll listed in as part one comprised the two detached membranes of the Antiquissime roll (=RCI roll 1). records (p. 21, no. 1) that the first item of RCI roll 9 was illegible, and that the following annotation was found in the margin of the membrane: Ric[ard]us de Prestou[n]. Com[m]issio.. The dorso begins with note (p. 23) to the effect that the first abound with lacunae on account of wear and tear sustained by the roll; the editors supplied conjectural readings in square brackets. 2

3 Mm No. of in defaced, the rest is in good preservation. It contains neither statute nor state paper. 11 IX 14 Edward II [1320 1] anno 14 Edw. II. Rotulus clausus de anno regni Regis Edwardi filii Regis Edwardi XIV. July 1320 to June (46+60d) 28 This roll consists principally of liberates. Patent Roll 16 Edward II. A chancery roll for this year is listed in the pre-1922 PROI Chancery Finding Aids, vol. 1. It was at the following location in the record treasury: 3D This roll is not listed in the earlier inventories because it was only discovered c X 18 Edward II [1324 5] anno 18 Edw. II. Rot claus 18 E. II. July 1324 to July ( d) 30 This roll contains one statute and some state papers. 13 XI 20 Edward II [1326 7] anno 20 Edw. II. 7 Rot Pat 20 E. II. July to Dec (15+18d) 33 A fragment. 14 XII 20 Edward II [1326 7] anno 20 Edw. II. 8 Rotulus clausus de anno regni Reg Edwardi fil Reg Edwardi vicesimo. July 1326 to May (107+62d) 34 The inrolments on this roll are in good preservation, except those on the last membrane, and on part of the back of the first, which are much oliterated. They consist of liberates, or precepts, for payment of money out of the Treasury, writs, recognizances, Statutum de Hibernia, and a few deeds. 15 I 8 Edward III [1334 5] anno 8 Edw. III. 9 Rot Pat A o 8 o Edwardi 3 i EDWARD III (25 Jan June 1377) =Close Roll 8 Edw III (73+71d) July 1334 to Jan This roll is much damaged, but it contains 136 legible inrolments.1. Rob le Poer, off. 2. Joh de Mauncestre, breve. 6 James F. Ferguson, The mere English and the mere Irish, Transactions of the Kilkenny Archaeological Society, 1 ( ), p records (p. 34, no. 33) that the final item on RCI roll 13 was totally obliterated by 1828; there were considerable lacunae in the previous four (nos ). 8 Edward II abdicated on 20 Jan. 1327, but the Irish chancery did not stop dating letters in his name until May records (p. 37) that the start of this roll had perished by In total it gives a calendar for 144 numbered for this roll, but nos. 9 10, 14 15, and are listed as being illegible, while portions of several others had perished by 1828 (e.g., nos. 16, 17, 84, 90, 126). also records that a part of the membrane at the start of the dorso had been ripped away ( Quedam hinc avulsa ). All this makes sense of the statement in the general observations of 1819 that the roll consisted of 136 legible inrolments., p. 37, no. 2 is an undated writ to have 6 balistas cum apparatu pro garnestura Viridis Castri. does not include an address clause, but from the general observations of 1819 it appears that the addressee was John de Mauncestre. 3

4 Mm No. of in 16 II 9 10 Edw. III [1335 7] annis 9 & 10 Edw. III. 9 th Edw. 3 d. (No heading or ancient endorsement.) 9 10 Edw. III 5 53 (53+0d) 41 This roll is written only on the front, it contains fifty-two inrolments; and it is in good preservation. For details of Controlment Roll 10 Edward III [1336 7], see above RCI roll 7 (printed in as anno 10 Edw. II.). 17 III 11 Edward III [1337 8] anno 11 Edw. III. 1 a 10 Rot Pat XI Edw i 3 i. July to Sept (10+13d) 42 A fragment containing a few grants, commissions, attornments, &c IV 11 Edward III [1337 8] anno 11 Edw. III. 2 a Anno Edw[ard]i 3 i. 11 o 2 da (In modern writing.) Jan. to Dec (17+10d) 42 This roll contains twenty-seven inrolments, but many of them nearly obliterated V 18 Edward III [1343 5] annis 17 & 18 Edw. III. 11 (No heading or ancient endorsement.) 17 o Edw. 3 d. =Close Roll 18 Edw. III Feb. to Dec (105+67d) 43 The first membrane much torn, the remainder in tolerable preservation. This roll contains 169 inrolments, the first five of which, and Nos. 106, 107, 108, and 109, are partly destroyed. 20 VI 20 Edward III [1345 7] annis 19 & 20 Edw. III. 12 Rot Pat 19 & 20 Edw. 3 i. =Patent Roll 20 Edw. III, part 1 Jan. to June (66+41d) 48 This roll contains liberates, writs, &c. 1 () 21 VII 20 Edward III [1346 7] anno 20 Edw. III. Rot Pat A o 20 o Edw. 3 i. =Patent Roll 20 Edw. III, part 2 June to Dec (81+73) 50 This roll is in tolerable preservation. and contains 153 inrolments A total of 3 membranes (2 + 1) from Patent Roll 11 Edward III were extant in 1828, two in RCI roll 17 and a single membrane in RCI roll (pp 43, 48) records that both the start and end of this roll were truncated. The described in the general observations of 1819 as partly destroyed were the first four enrolments on the dorso of the roll (, p. 46, nos ). 12 A total of 11 membranes (3 + 8) from Patent Roll 20 Edward III were extant in 1828, three in RCI roll 20 and eight in RCI roll 21. (p. 48) records that the start of RCI roll 20 was mutilated: this explains why the numeration in the calendar begins at no. 26. The first three on the dorso are also recorded as having been so obliterated that the editors could learn nothing from them (p. 49, nos. 67 9); and likewise nos were illegible, which may indicate that these were the first of a new membrane on the dorso of the roll. 4

5 22 13 Compotus cujusdam Escaetoris, No 216. p[ro] an 24, 25, 26, 27 E , &c. Mm No. of in 5 [2+] This appears to be an Exchequer roll.1. Wil Tuyt. 2. Walt de Lacy. 23 VIII 26 Edward III [1352 3] anno 26 Edw. III. 14 Rotulus patens Cancellar Hib anno R. R. E. t[er]cii 26. Feb. to March (40+0d) 55 A fragment, much obliterated, containing pardons, &c Edward III [1352 3] 15 (Modern indorsement.) Año 26 o Edw. 3 i. =?Possibly a controlment roll, as such rolls were written on one side only. 6 There are several inrolments on this roll, all on the front, and, except the two first, in good preservation. 25 IX 29 Edward III [1355 6] anno 29 Edw. III. 16 Rotulus Patens Cancellarie de anno r. r. E. t[er]cii post conquestu[m] Anglie videl[ice]t XXIX, & Francie XVI. Jan to Jan (109+70d) 55 This roll contains various patents. 1. Simon Ruly, com 2. Rob Babe, id. 26 X 29 Edward III [1355 6] annis 29 & 30 Edw. III. Rot Patens, Edw , 30. =Close Roll 29 Edw. III Jan to Jan (160 +0d) 58 This roll is in tolerable preservation. 13 RCI roll 22 was not a chancery roll and is not calendared in. The pre-1922 PROI Chancery Finding Aids, vol. 1, lists it as an Exchequer Account Roll. Its location in the record treasury was 3D.11a records (p. 55) that only an occasional word was legible from nos to the end of the roll. 15 RCI roll 24 does not appear in. The pre-1922 PROI Chancery Finding Aids, vol. 1, lists it as an Exchequer Account Roll. Its location in the record treasury was 3D.11a The two articles listed in the general observations of 1819 as being the first in RCI roll 25 (i.e. letters concerning Simon Ruly and Robert Babe respectively) are recorded in as being on the dorso of that roll (p. 57, nos ); they occur immediately after two illegible (, p. 57, nos ) which may suggest that they were the first legible on a new membrane. 5

6 27 XI 30 Edward III [1355 7] anno 30 Edw. III. 17 (No heading, nor indorsement.) Sept to Jan (77+0d) in 64 This roll is very much damaged; it contains pardons, writs &c. but mostly illegible. 28 XII 32 Edward III [1358 9] anno 32 Edw. III. 1 a Rot Pat A o 32 Edw. 3 i 1 ma 32 Edw. III 5 36 (36+0d) 66 Much damaged, but what remains is perfectly legible, there are several small strips of parchment attached to this roll. 29 XIII 32 Edward III [1358 9] anno 32 Edw. III. 2 a (Modern.) 32 Ed[ward]i 3 i. =Close Roll 32 Edw. III [not part 2] Feb. to Sept (65+49d) 67 This roll contains 112 [or 114] inrolments, the first and last membranes are defaced and torn. 30 XIV 32 Edward III [1358 9] anno 32 Edw. III. 18 Rot de A o 32 Ed. III. April 1358 to Jan (69+60d) 71 This roll contains 112 [or 129] inrolments. 31 XV 33 Edward III [ ] anno 33 Edw. III. anno Regni Regis Edwardi t[er]cii t[re]cesimo tercio. Jan. to Oct (75+69d) 76 A close roll, in tolerably good preservation. 32 XVI 42 Edward III [1368 9] anno 42 Edw. III. (No heading or indorsement.) June to July (9+7d) 80 A fragment much defaced. 33 XVII 46 Edward III [1372 3] anno 46 Edw. III. 19 (Indorsed.) Anno Regni Regis Ed. tertii XLVI o. Feb. to Aug (108+47d) 80 There are 139 [or 155] inrolments on this close roll, but those on the second, third and fourth membranes only are legible, the rest being partly destroyed at the edges and obliterated. 4. Wm de Karlell, breve. 2. [sic] Ric Walsh, id. 17 records (p. 64) that a considerable amount of this roll had been lost and, where possible, the editors supplied conjectural readings in square brackets. Item nos. 52, 56, 58 62, 67 and 68 were totally illegible. After no. 68 (p. 66), the calendar records that at this point in the roll there was a large hole ( Hic seq[uitu]r in rotulo hiatus 25 digitorum [?i.e. 25 inches] ), as a result of which many other may have been lost. The numeration in continues after the hiatus from no. 69. Item no. 72 was illegible, but the editors learned from a note in the margin of the roll that it was a commission to William Broun of the office of escheator in co. Meath. 18 The discrepancy in the number of enrolments recorded here is presumably the result of the large number of illegible and near-illegible on the roll. 19 records (p. 80) that the first item on the roll was utterly obliterated in The General observations of 1819 list the first legible item as being no. 4, concerning William de Karlell, (=, p. 81, no. 4), followed by no. 2 concerning Richard Walsh (=, p. 81, no. 5); but also records a few stray words for nos. 2 and 3. 6

7 34 XVIII 48 Edward III [1374 5] anno 48 Edw. III. 20 (Modern.) Año 48 o Ed[ward]i 3 tii, Rot Claus XLVIII o E. t[er]cii. Feb to Jan (88+45d) in [or 133] inrolments on this roll; those on the front are in good preservation; but some inrolments on the back of the roll are much defaced, particularly those on the first membrane. 35 XIX 49 Edward III [1375 6] anno 49 Edw. III. 49 Edw Feb to Jan ( d) 90 A patent roll. 36 XX 51 Edward III [1377] anno 51 Edw. III. 21 (Modern.) 51 E. 3 d. Feb. to July (63+29d) 99 There are ninety-two inrolments on this roll, mostly in tolerable preservation, except those on the first membrane, which is much torn and defaced. 37 I 1 Richard II [1377 8] anno 1 Ric. II. Clausus Rotulus año primo Rich[ard]i secundi. RICHARD II (22 June 1377 to 29 September 1399) July 1377 to June (120+0d) 103 The first membrane is much defaced on the back, and the three last are injured by damp Richard II [1379 9] 22 Rewarda f[a]c[t]a in Sc[ac]c[ar]io Hibernie t[er]mi[n]o pasc anno s[e]c[un]do Regis Ri[card]i s[e]c[un]di. =?Possibly a Controlment Roll 1 A little defaced in some parts. 1. Rob Kisshok, mand. 2. John Penkeston, lib. 39 II 3 Richard II [ ] anno 3 Ric. II. Claus de an 3 o Ric II. July 1379 to Feb (31+0d) 106 One side of this roll is damaged. 20 The general observations of 1819 and each give different a different number of enrolments for RCI roll 33. The discrepancy is accounted for by the fact that places under a single item number (i.e. p. 90, no. 132) a series of writs of summons to the parliament to be held at Dublin at Hilary records that the first two on the dorso of this roll (p. 101, nos. 64 5) were so obliterated and damaged that they were illegible in Edward III died on 21 June 1377, but the Irish chancery did not stop enrolling letters in his name until July. 22 RCI roll 38 was an exchequer roll and consequently it was not calendared in. Possibly it was a controlment roll, but there is no corresponding issue roll extant for this period (Irish exchequer payments, p. 541, n. 1). The pre-1922 PROI Chancery Finding Aids, vol. 1, lists this roll as 2 Richard II Exchequer Reward Roll. Its location in the record treasury was 3D.11a.3. 7

8 40 III 4 Richard II [1380 1] anno 4 Ric. II. 23 Clausus Rotulus an 4 o Rich[ard]i secundi. June 1380 to June (56+65d) in 107 The upper part of the first membrane is a little torn; and several of the inrolments on the back are much defaced. 41 IV 5 Richard II [1381 2] anno 5 Ric. II. 1 a 24 Anno 5 o R. 2 di 1 a pars (in modern writing.) =Patent Roll 5 Ric. II [not part 1] June 1381 to June (154+91d) 110 The first membrane is much torn and illegible, but the remainder of the roll is in good preservation, except a few places on the back of the two last membranes, which are a little injured in the margin. 42 V 5 Richard II [1381 2] anno 5 Ric. II. 2 a anno Regni Ric[ard]i s[e]c[un]di quinto. =Close Roll 5 Ric. II Aug to June (66+67d) 116 The first membrane is defaced on the back, and the last a little torn; but the rest are in good preservation. 43 VI 8 Richard II [1384 5] anno 8 Ric. II. 1 a 25 Rot Pat de an 8 o Ric II. July to Nov (66+21d) 119 In tolerably good preservation VII 8 Richard II [1384 5] anno 8 Ric. II. 2 a Rot Pat de an 8 o R. II Aug to Jan (15+0d) 121 In tolerable preservation VIII 8 Richard II [1384 5] anno 8 Ric. II. 26 Rot Claus de an 8 o Ric II. 8 Ric. II 5 38 (38+0d) 122 The first membrane torn. 1. Joh Tyrell, off. 2. Jac de Penkeston, id. 46 IX 9 Richard II [1385 6] anno 9 Ric. II. 27 anno Regni Regis Ric[ard]i s[e]c[un]di July 1385 to April (192+57d) 123 From the seventeenth to the twenty-first membrane, inclusive, this roll is partly damaged in the margin; and the first 23 records that the first two on the dorso were illegible in 1828 (p. 117, nos. 67 8). 24 RCI roll 41 is entitled anno 5 Ric. II. 1 a pars, but it was the only portion of Patent Roll 5 Richard II extant in RCI roll 42, described as the second part of this patent roll, was in fact a close roll. 25 A total of 11 membranes (9 + 2) of Patent Roll 8 Richard II were extant in 1828: nine membranes were in RCI roll 43, and a further two detached membranes comprised RCI roll records (p. 122) that the roll had sustained considerably injuries by 1828 from tearing, obliterations and rubbing [ tam per laceraciones quam per obliterations et detrimenta temporis ]. The on the roll were numbered in a modern hand beginning with number 6 the fragments at the start of the roll having been omitted as they were utterly obliterated. The editors, however, were able to detect seven from this initial un-numbered section, and included what they could of these while retaining the numeration of the series. Thus the first seven are numbered in as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5 (b), and 5 (c). The articles given in the general observations of 1819 as being the first legible in the roll (i.e. those concerning John Tyrell and James de Penkeston ) are, p. 122, nos. 5 (c) and 6 respectively. 27 records that the first two articles on the dorso were so rubbed that they were illegible by 1828 (p. 126, nos ). 8

9 post conquestum Anglie nono. Mm No. of in membrane is much defaced on the back. 47 X 9 Richard II [1385 6] anno 9 Ric. II. 28 Rotulus Claus de anno Regni Regis Ric[ard]i s[e]c[un]di post conquestu[m] Angl[ie] nono. July 1385 to March (52+22d) 128 A close roll, in tolerably good preservation. 48 XI 10 Richard II [1386 7] anno 10 Ric. II. 29 Patent D[omi]ni Marchion de anno X o. June 1386 to June (162+72d) 130 The first membrane torn. 49 XII 12 Richard II [1388 9] anno 12 Ric. II. 30 Anno 12 o R. 2 di (N o 8.) (In modern writing.) July 1388 to June (?253+0d) 137 The first membrane is torn and much defaced on the back, but the remainder of the roll is in tolerable preservation. Note. It appears by the first entry on the front of the second membrane, that there was a roll of the 11th of Rich d II, but it must have been lost before Lodge formed his list of the patent rolls, as he makes no mention of it. 50 XIII 13 Richard II [ ] anno 13 Ric. II. Rotulus Patens Cancellarie Hib[er]nie de anno R. R. Ric[ard]i secundi tertiodecimo. July 1389 to June (174+68d) 142 Part of the eleventh membrane is much defaced, both on the front and back; but the remainder of the roll is in good preservation. 51 XIV 15 Richard II [1391 2] anno 15 Ric. II. Rich d 2 d 15 th year, patent roll. June to Nov (69+36d) 147 The first membrane much torn. 28 records that the end of the roll was damaged by obliterations (p. 130). 29 Letters in this year were issued in the name of the marquis of Dublin, Robert de Vere. 30 The reference in the general observations of 1819 to the first entry on the front of the second membrane refers to an inspeximus of letters patent of Robert de Vere, marquis of Dublin, dated 26 Oct. [1387] 11 Richard II (=, p. 138, no. 35). From this we may infer that the first membrane of RCI roll 49 contained 34 enrolments. 9

10 52 XV 16 Richard II [1392 3] anno 16 Ric. II Ric II. (in modern writing.) July to Oct (21+13d) in 149 A mutilated fragment. 53 XVI 17 Richard II [1393 4] anno 17 Ric. II. Rot Claus Rich d 2 d. 17 year. April to June (22+9d) 150 In tolerable preservation. 54 XVII 18 Richard II [1394 5] anno 18 Ric. II. 32 Rich d 2 d 18 th year, patent roll, 1 st part. Feb. to June (59+0d) 151 The first membrane cut and imperfect. 1. Carta de Kensale. 2. Rob de Faryngton, lib. 55 XVIII 18 Richard II [1394 5] anno 18 Ric. II. Close roll, 18 th Rich d 2 d. Dec to April (71+0d) 153 The first and second membranes damaged. 56 I 1 Henry IV [ ] anno 1 Hen. IV. 33 Rot Pat A o 1., Henrici 4 i. HENRY IV (30 September 1399 to 20 March 1413) Feb. to July 1400 (105+14d) 155 In good preservation II 1 Henry IV [ ] anno 1 Hen. IV. [ ] 34 anno primo Hen. IIII ti. =Patent Roll 1 Hen. IV April to Sept (14+0d) 158 In tolerable preservation. 1. Tho de Everdun, assign. 2. Jac Butler, custod. 2 () 58 III 1 Henry IV [ ] anno 1 Hen. IV. Rot Pat A o 1 o Hen 4 i. Jan. to March (10+5d) 159 A fragment IV 2 Henry IV [1400 1] anno 2 Hen. IV. Anno 2 do Henrici IIII ti. Oct to Jan (16+4d) 159 A little obliterated on the back. 31 records (p. 149) that this roll was badly torn. 32 records that the beginning of Patent 18 Richard II was missing in 1828 (p. 151). The [murage] charter for Kinsale, listed as the first legible item in the general observations of 1819, is the second entry in (p.151, no. 2). 33 A total of 14 membranes ( ) from Patent Roll 1 Henry IV were extant in The main portion of the roll was RCI roll 56, consisting of ten membranes. Two other fragments were the three membranes identified erroneously as Close 1 Henry IV (=RCI roll 57) and a single fragmentary membrane (=RCI roll 58). 34 records that the first item on this membrane was illegible by 1828 due to wear and tear (p. 158, no. 1). Consequently, the article given in the general observations of 1819 as the first legible item on the roll (concerning Thomas de Everdon) is the second item in (p. 158, no. 2). 10

11 1401 Mm No. of in 60 V 3 Henry IV [1401 2] anno 3 Hen. IV. anno Regni Regis Henrici quarti post conquestum Anglie tertio. Oct to Sept (220+35d) 160 This roll is defaced in many places, and the sixteenth membrane in particular is very much injured, apparently by damp. 61 VI 4 Henry IV [1402 3] anno 4 Hen. IV. 1 a 35 Anno quarto prima parshenrici quarti. (In modern hand-writing.) =?An estreat roll (120+0d) 166 The first membrane is partly defaced, the rest are in good preservation. 62 VII 4 Henry IV [1402 3] anno 4 Hen. IV. Anno III o 2 do Henrici IIII ti. Rot claus. Oct to May (15+4d) 169 Much torn. 63 VIII 4 Henry IV [1402 3] anno 4 Hen. IV. 2 a 36 Anno III o 3 a pars H. 4 th. (Modern.) =Patent Roll 4 Hen. IV, part 1 [not part 2] March to Sept (102+12d) 168 The ninth membrane is torn, and the tenth and part of the first are partly defaced. 1 () 64 IX 4 Henry IV [1402 3] anno 4 Hen. IV, 3 a Rot Pat A o 4 o Henrici 4 i. 15. N o 7. =Patent Roll 4 Hen. IV, part 2 [not part 3] Oct to Sept (151+9d) 172 This roll is in tolerably good preservation. 2 () 65 X 5 Henry IV [1403 4] anno 5 Hen. IV. 1 a 37 5 H. 4 th N o 14, pars prima. Oct to Aug (76+15d) 176 In good preservation XI 5 Henry IV [1403 4] anno 5 Hen. IV. 2 a 17 Rot Pat A o 5 o Hen 4 i pars secunda. Dec to June (21+6d) 178 In good preservation This seems to be an estreat roll; there is a considerable overlap between the contents of this roll and those of RCI rolls 63 and A total of 26 membranes ( ) from Patent Roll 4 Henry VI were extant in RCI roll 63 comprised 10 membranes containing mostly dated from March 1403 onwards; RCI roll 64 comprised 16 membranes, and the majority of the were dated between Oct and March Only one item dates from Sept (, p. 173, no. 39). (p. 176) records that the dorso of RCI roll 64 was considerably rubbed away by A total of 10 membranes (8 + 2) from Patent Roll 5 Henry IV were extant in 1828, eight in RCI roll 65 and two in RCI roll

12 Mm No. of in 67 XII 6 Henry IV [1404 5] anno 6 Hen. IV. 1 a 38 Rot Pat A o 6 o Hen 4 i 1405, pars prima. Feb. to Aug (36+1d) 179 In tolerable preservation XIII 6 Henry IV [1404 5] anno 6 Hen. IV. 2 a Rot Pat A o 6 o Hen 4 i 1404, pars 2 a. Feb. to May (14+1d) 180 A fragment XIV 10 Henry V [1422] anno 7 Hen. IV. 1 a Rot Pat 7 Hen IV. 5 =Patent Roll 10 Hen. V May to Sept (13+0d) 180 Like. (69A) XV 7 Henry IV [1405 6] Office of the Crown Bench anno 7 Hen. IV. 2 a 39 =Patent Roll 7 Hen. IV [not part 2] (136+21d) XVI 8 Henry IV [1406 7] anno 8 Hen. IV 40 Rot Pat A o 8 o Henrici 4 i 20 Oct to July (89+5d) 185 This roll is much defaced. 1. Vil de Trym, carta. 2. Tho Broun, custod. 71 XVII 9 Henry IV [1407 8] anno 9 Hen. IV. 1 a H. 4. A o 9 o. Rot Pat. Oct to Jan (27+0d) 186 In tolerable preservation XVIII 9 Henry IV [1407 8] anno 9 Hen. IV. 2 a 21 A o 9 o Hen Oct to Sept (72+0d) 187 The first membrane is torn A total of 4 membranes (3 + 1) from Patent Roll 6 Henry IV were extant in Four were in RCI roll 67 and a single detached membrane comprised RCI roll This roll does not appear in the inventory made by the record commissioners in 1819, but I have assigned it to 69A, as its place in the series lies between RCI rolls 69 and 70. records (p. 180) that this roll, which had suffered great damage, was very recently discovered in the office of the crown bench. The discovery must have been made since records that nothing legible remained from 1 to 38 of RCI roll 70. The article listed in the general observations of 1819 as the first legible item (i.e. the charter to the town of Trim) is, p. 185, no

13 73 XIX 10 Henry IV [1408 9] anno 10 Hen. IV. 1 a Rot Pat A o 10 o Hen 4 i 22. Oct to Jan (14+1d) in 189 A fragment XX 10 Henry IV [1408 9] anno 10 Hen. IV. 2 a 23 Rot Pat A o 10 o Hen i. 4 i. Oct to Sept (157+33d) 189 This roll is in good preservation XXI 10 Henry IV [1408 9] anno 10 Hen. IV, 3 a H. 4 i an X (scarcely legible) Dec to Aug (13+1d) 194 A fragment XXII 11 Henry IV [ ] anno 11 Hen. IV. 24 Rot Pat A o 11 o Hen 4 i. Oct to Sept (74+20d) 194 The beginning of this roll is damaged. 77 XXIII 12 Henry IV [ ] anno 12 Hen. IV. Rot Pat A o 12 o Hen. 4 i. Oct to Sept (12+3d) 197 A torn fragment. 78 XXIV 12 Henry IV [ ] anno 12 Hen. IV. 12 H. 4 o Rotulus Claus Cancellarie Hib[er]nie. Oct to Aug (11+5d) 197 Much torn. 79 XXV 13 Henry IV [ ] anno 13 Hen. IV. Rot Pat A o 13 o Hen. 4 i.. Oct to Aug (105+20d) 198 This roll contains several grants, charters, &c. and is in good preservation. 80 XXVI 14 Henry IV [ ] anno 14 Hen. IV. 42 A o H. quarti XIIII. Drogheda. Feb. to March (7+3d) 201 A fragment. 1. Tho Russell, pardon. 2. Mic de la Felde, patens. 41 A total of 22 membranes ( ) from Patent Roll 10 Henry IV were extant in The main portion of the roll is RCI roll 74, which consisted of twenty membranes. Two fragmentary rolls, each one membrane in length, are also from this roll (i.e. RCI rolls 73 and 75). 42 The article listed in the general observations of 1819 as being the first legible item on this roll (concerning Thomas Russell) is, p. 201, no

14 81 I 1 Henry V [ ] anno 1 Hen. V. 1 a 43 Anno Henrici quinti primo. Mm HENRY V (21 March 1413 to 31 August 1422) March 1413 to March 1414 No. of 4 39 (33+6d) in 202 This roll is in tolerably good preservation II 1 Henry V [ ] anno 1 Hen. V. 2 a 44 Rot Claus de a o 1 o Hen V. Sept to March (21+0d) 203 The first membrane is damaged. 1. Tho Reynolds, p[ar]don. 2. Joh Berford, id III 2 Henry V [ ] anno 2 Hen. V. 45 Rot Pat anno 2 o Hen. 5 i. March 1414 to March (165+31d) 203 Like. 1. Wil Waffr, p[ar]don. 2. Joh Galwey, off. 84 IV 3 Henry V [ ] anno 3 Hen. V. 46 Rot Pat a o 3 Hen i V i. =Patent Roll 3 Hen. V, part 1 March 1415 to March (127+17d) 210 In good preservation. 1. Joh Barret, p[ar]don. 2. Maner de Clunliff, p[ar]don. 1 () 85 V 3 Henry V [ ] anno 3 Hen. V. 47 Rot Pat a o 3 H d part. =Patent Roll 3 Hen. V, part 2 Aug to Feb (12+1d) 214 This fragment is entirely torn VI 5 Henry V [ ] anno 5 Hen. V. Rot Pat A o 5 o Henr V. March to July (22+0d) 214 A fragment. 43 A total of 8 membranes (4 + 4) from Patent Roll 1 Henry V were extant in 1828, four in RCI roll 82 and a further four membranes in RCI roll records that the first item on this roll had perished (p. 203). The article listed in the general observations of 1819 as the first legible item (concerning Thomas Reynolds) is ibid., p. 203, no. 2 (in anno 1 Hen. V. 2 a pars). 45 records that the first item on this roll had been lost (p. 203). The article listed in the general observations of 1819 as the first legible item (concerning William Waffr ) is ibid., p. 203b, no. 2 (in anno 2 Hen. V). 46 A total of 15 membranes (12 + 3) from Patent Roll 3 Henry V were extant in Twelve membranes are in RCI roll 84, misidentified as a close roll in ; a further three detached membranes were calendared as anno 3 Hen. V (=RCI roll 85). The articles listed in the general observations of 1819 as the first legible on RCI roll 84 (concerning John Barret and the manor of Clonliff) are calendared in (p. 210) as nos. 17 and 18. This may indicate that these were the first two on the second membrane of the roll; if so, we may surmise that the first membrane of that roll contained 16 legible. 47 records that the lower portion of RCI roll 85 seemed to have been ripped and torn away, and that possibly many articles were destroyed as a consequence (p. 214). 14

15 87 VII 7 Henry V [ ] anno 7 Hen. V. 1 a 48 Rot Pat 7 Hen V. pars Aug.1419 to Feb (32+0d) in 215 This roll is torn. 1. Walter Plunket, p[ar]don. 2. Joh Chamer, id VIII 7 Henry V [ ] anno 7 Hen. V. 2 a 49 A o 7 o Hen. 5 i pars 2 a Aug.1419 to Feb (21+0d) 216 A torn fragment IX 8 Henry V [1420 1] anno 8 Hen. V. Rot de an 8 Hen V. Extracta. April to Dec (19+0d) 217 In tolerable preservation. 90 X 9 Henry V [1421 2] anno 9 Hen. V. 50 Rot Pat A o 9 o Henrici 5 i April 1421 to March (94+25) 217 In good preservation. 1. Ph Wyot, custod. 2. Ph Nettervyll, id. For details of Controlment Roll 8 9 Henry V [ ], see below, RCI roll 106 (printed in as anno 9 Hen. VI.). For details of Patent Roll 10 Henry V [1422], see above RCI roll 69 (printed in as anno 7 Hen. IV. 1 a ). 91 I 1 Henry VI [1422 3] anno 1 Hen. VI. 51 Rot Claus 1 o Hen. 6 th HENRY VI (1 Sept to 4 March 1461) Oct to July 1423 (44+0d) 221 This roll is very much injured by damp, but the parts that have escaped are in good preservation. 1. De Joh Bellewe. 3. Anastatia que fuit ux David Wogan mil, assignatio dotis. 48 A total of 6 membranes (4 +2) from Patent Roll 7 Henry V were extant in 1828, four in RCI roll 87 and two other membranes in the fragmentary RCI roll 88. The article listed in the general observations of 1819 as being the first legible item on RCI roll 87 (concerning Walter Plunket) is, p. 215, no includes a note at the end of this roll (p. 217), to the effect the roll seemed as if it should have continued much further, but that part of the contents were missing due to the tearing of the membrane. 50 The article listed in the general observations of 1819 as being the first legible item on this roll (concerning Philip Wyot) is, p. 217b, no. 2 (in anno 9 Hen. V). notes the existence of an illegible item at the start of the dorso of this roll (ibid., p. 220). 51 The articles listed in the general observations of 1819 as being the second and third on this roll (concerning John Bellewe and Anastasia widow of Sir David Wogan respectively) are calendared as, p. 222, nos. 1(b) and 1(c). 15

16 92 II 1 Henry VI [1422 3] anno 1 Hen. VI. 52 Rot Pat A o 1 Hen. 6, Sept to Aug (109+14d) in 226 This roll is in good preservation. 1. Joh Fitz-Lucas Nettervyll, pard. 2. Henr Saundyr, custod. 93 III 2 Henry VI [1423 4] anno 2 Hen. VI. Rot Pat de anno secundo Hen sexti Oct to May (31+9d) 231 The first membrane torn. 94 IV 2 Henry VI [1423 4] anno 2 Hen. VI. 1 a Claus Roll A o 2 o Henrici 6 ti Oct to Aug (18+27d) 232 In tolerable preservation. 95 V 2 Henry VI [1423 4] anno 2 Hen. VI. 2 a Anno 2 do Henrici VI ti. 2 Hen. VI 2 11 (11+0d) 234 Imperfect, and the first membrane torn. 96 VI 3 Henry VI [1424 5] anno 3 Hen. VI Rot Pat Ao 3 o Hen. VI. N o 37. Dec to Aug (122+0d) 235 This roll was originally formed like the others, but is now sewed bookwise; it is somewhat damaged, but all the articles are legible. 97 VII 3 4 Henry VI [1424 6] annis 3 & 4 Hen. VI 54 Anno 3 & 4 Hen. VI. Rot Pat N o Hen. VI (73+0d) 239 The first membrane is torn. 98 VIII 5 Henry VI [1426 7] anno 5 Hen. VI 55 Rot Pat A o 5 o & 14 o Hen. VI & N o 223, 39. Sept to Aug (38+0d) 241 In good preservation, except the first membrane, which is much damaged. Erroneously marked the 14 th year. 52 records (p. 226) that the first four had been obliterated by The articles listed in the general observations of 1819 as being the first and second on this roll (concerning John son of Lucas Netterville and Henry Saundyr) are calendared as, p. 226, nos. 5 and 7 respectively. 53 In (p. 233) the dorso of the roll begins with a note: These are the remnants we have collected from the first article on the dorso of this roll; no number was attributed [to this article] in the margin of the membrane, perhaps in despair of learning its meaning. 54 (p. 239) begins with a note to the effect that this roll was the most severely mutilated of all those discovered in the archive [Lat. in chartophylacio]. The editors continue: We have sought to discover the sense so far as we were able; and if success was often wanting, effort most certainly was not. The roll ends with an editorial note: The rest is wanting. 55 The general observations of 1819 record four membranes, the first of which was damaged; records that there were five membranes extant. 16

17 99 IX 5 Henry VI [1426 7] anno 5 Hen. VI. 1 a 56 Rot Clausus año V o H. VI ti. 5 Hen. VI, part (56+0d) in 242 The first membrane is partly defaced, but the rest is in good preservation. 1 () 100 X 5 Henry VI [1426 7] anno 5 Hen. VI. 2 a Rotulus Clausus 5 o H. VI o. 5 Hen. VI, part (23+0d) 244 The first membrane torn. 2 () 101 XI 6 Henry VI [1427 8] anno 6 Hen. VI. Rot. Clausus anno VI o Hen. VI ti. 6 7 Hen. VI 7 59 (59+0d) 245 This roll is in good preservation, except a small part of the first membrane. 102 XII 7 Henry VI [1428 9] anno 7 Hen. VI Rot Claus A o 7 o Hen. VI Sept to Aug (18+12d) 247 The first membrane torn. 103 XIII 9 Henry VI [1430 1] anno 9 Hen. VI. 1 a 57 Rot Pat A o 9 o Hen. 6 i, No 23. Sept to July (31+0d) 249 Like XIV 9 Henry VI [1430 1] anno 9 Hen. VI. 2 a Rot Pat A o 9 o Hen. VI Sept to Aug (8+1d) 250 A fragment Henry VI [1430 1] 58 Rot Pat A o 9 o H. VI. June to Oct [2+] 250 Like, much defaced. 1. Joh Darcy, concess. 2. Com Marchie, [ ] (p. 242) records that the start of this roll had perished by The remainder begins with the remnants of two articles, from which nothing could be gleaned. The subsequent articles are numbered in the margin Nos. 1, 2 etc., from which it is to be assumed that the lost articles were not numbered. 57 A total of 6 membranes ( ) from Patent Roll 9 Henry VI were extant in The pre-1922 PROI Chancery Finding Aids, vol. 1, lists three patent rolls under this regnal year. These are RCI roll 103 (4 membranes); and two further fragments each only one membrane in length (RCI rolls ). The third of these ( 105) is not calendared as a separate roll in ; rather 103 and 105 are calendared together under the title anno 9 Hen. VI. 1 a pars (i.e. RCI roll 103). A pencil annotation in the pre-1922 PROI Chancery Finding Aids records that RCI roll 103 comprised 1 19 and 27 31; RCI roll 105 comprised This is consistent with the general observations of 1819, which lists the first legible item on RCI roll 105 as a grant to John Darcy; this grant is, p. 250, no. 20, which comes immediately after an editorial note to the effect that the first two articles on this membrane had perished and a third had suffered a great deal. 58 RCI roll 105 is calendared in, p. 250, nos For details, see previous note. 17

18 106 XV 9 Henry VI [1430 1] anno 9 Hen. VI. Rot Pat A o 9 o Henrici VI. = Controlment Roll, 8 9 Henry V [1420 2] 9 48 (48+0d) in 251 The first membrane damaged. 3. Lau Merbury, off 4. Rob Sutton, id. 107 XVI 10 Henry VI [1431 2] anno 10 Hen. VI. Rot Pat. A o 10 o Hen. 6 i. Sept to Aug (122+21d) 252 Grants of offices and lands, &c. 108 XVII 13 Henry VI [1434 5] anno 13 Hen. VI. Rot Pat A o 13 o Hen. 6 i. Oct to Aug (94+0d) 256 This roll is in good preservation. 109 XVIII 14 Henry VI [1435 6] anno 14 Hen. VI. 1 a Rotulus Clausus anno XIIII o Henrici VI ti. 10, 12, 13, 14 Hen. VI 2 14 (14+0d) 258 The first inrolment is partly defaced and torn. 110 XIX 14 Henry VI [1435 6] anno 14 Hen. VI. 2 a Rot Pat A o 14 o Hen. 6 i. =Close 14 Hen. VI [not part 2] Sept to Aug (17+27d) 259 In tolerable preservation. 111 XX 19 Henry VI [1440 1] anno 19 Hen. VI. Rotulus Clausus Cancellarie Hib[er]nie de anno Regni Regis Henrici sexti decimo-nono. Sept to Aug (18+19d) 261 The first membrane is partly defaced on the back, and the last is also much torn and obliterated. 112 XXI Various anno 20 Hen. VI. 59 anno XX o H. VI ti. 10, 18, 19, 20 Hen. VI 5 68 (67+1d) 263 The first membrane is much defaced and torn Henry VI [1446 7] 60 Ano [sic] XXV o Hen. sexti. =? Plea roll. 1 Much torn. 1. Justic assiz. com[m]iss. 2. Rotulus de attorn. 59 records (p. 265) that this roll was endorsed as follows: Transcript of the writs of Nicholas Strangways, chief chamberlain of the exchequer of Ireland in the time of Giles Thorndon, treasurer of Ireland. 60 RCI roll 113 is not calendared in as it was not a chancery roll. According to the general observations of 1819, the first item was a commission to take an assize, followed by a roll of nominations of attorney. It is listed in the pre-1922 PROI Chancery Finding Aids, vol. 1, as Pleas of assize in Plea Roll. Its location in the record treasury was 3D.11a.4. 18

19 114 XXII 28 9 Henry VI [ ] annis 28 & 29 Hen. VI. 61 Patent Roll, anno Henrici sexti XXVIII o & XXIX o annis. Dec to Aug. 1450; Sept to Aug (57+0d) in 265 Partly defaced, but in a slight degree. 115 XXIII 30 Henry VI [1451 2] anno 30 Hen. VI. Rot Pat Cancellar Hib[er]nie de anno Regni Regis Henrici sexti, 30 mo. Oct to July (45+0d) 266 This roll contains various grants, pardons, &c. 116 XXIV 31 Henry VI [1452 3] anno 31 Hen. VI. 62 (Indorsement defaced.) [Illegible.] 2 [2+] 267 A fragment much damaged. 1. (2 d membrane) off. Spigurnelli canc. Hibernie. 2. [ ]. 117 I 1 Edward IV [1461 2] anno 1 Edw. IV. Indorsed Anno primo Ed[ward]di quarti Rotulus Patens. EDWARD IV (4 March 1461 to 9 April 1483) May 1461 to Feb (75+0d) 268 The two first membranes of this roll are so much injured that most of the articles inrolled on them are inexplicable; but the remaining six membranes are in very good preservation, and well written. There are some inrolments on the back of this roll, but not on the injured parts. 118 II 7 Edward IV [1467 8] anno 7 Edw. IV th Ed. 4 th Rot Pat. [Illegible.] 2 [2+] 269 Very much damaged. 1. James Chamberleyn, off. 2. [ ]. 119 III 16 Edward IV [1475 7] annis 15 & 16 Edw. IV. Rotul de an Edw. IV. =Patent Roll 16 Edw. IV Feb. to June (4+0d) 269 A fragment. 120 IV 19 Edward IV [ ] anno 19 Edw. IV. Rot[u]lus Claus de anno Ed[war]di IIII ti (decimo-nono.) May to Aug (13+8d) 269 The inrolments on the back of the first membrane are much defaced, as is also the indorsement, containing the date. 61 In the for 28 Henry VI (13 ) and 29 Henry VI (44 ) are numbered separately, both series starting from no includes a note (p. 267) to the effect that the remainder of this roll was comprised of two fragmentary membranes, the sense of which the editors were unable to learn. 63 records (p. 269) that nothing useful was to be gleaned from the two surviving membranes of this roll because they were so rubbed and obliterated. 19

20 Mm No. of in 121 V 21 Edward IV [1481 2] anno 21 Edw. IV Edw. 4. [Illegible.] 1 [2+] 270 A fragment very much damaged. 1. [ ] Swetman, p[ar]don. 2. Nic Wogan, id. 122 VI 22 Edward IV [1482 3] anno 22 Edw. IV. Rotul de an XXII. Edw. 4. April 1482 to Jan (13+6d) 270 Like, but in better preservation. 123 I 9 Henry VII [1493 4] anno 9 Hen. VII. Rotulus clausus Cancellarie Hib[er]nie de anno Henrici septimo, nono. HENRY VII (22 Aug to 21 April 1509) 3 17 Sept (17+0d) 270 The upper part of the first membrane is partly defaced. 124 II 10 Henry VII [1494 5] anno 10 Hen. VII. [ ] March (1+0d) 271 This roll contains but one article, viz. Carta Kilken a Wil Mareschal concess. 125 Various [c ] 65 Decimo, undecimo, duodecimo, tertio decimo, & quarto decimo. Hen. VII i. =?Estreat roll 3 [2+] A little defaced on the back. There are extracts of certain Acts of Parliament passed at Tristledermot, on Monday, 26th Aug., 15th Henry VII. 1. Ric Delahyde off. 2. Joh Payne Ep Mid, id. 126 III 11 Henry VII [1495 6] anno 11 Hen. VII 66 Modern. 11 th Hen. 7 th Aug to June (25+4d) 271 This roll is much obliterated on the back. 127 IV 14 Henry VII [1498 9] anno 14 Hen. VII Rotulus patens Cancellarie Hib[er]nie de anno Regni Regis Henrici Sept to July (16+0d) 271 The first membrane has been injured by damp. 64 records (p. 270) that the single membrane remaining from this role had suffered so much tearing and obliteration that it offered nothing of use. 65 RCI roll 125 is not calendared in. It is listed in the pre-1922 PROI Chancery Finding Aids, vol. 1, as an Extracts [i.e. Estreat] Roll. Its location in the record treasury was 3D records that last item of this roll was obliterated (p. 271, no. 29). 20

21 septimi.quarto decimo. Mm No. of in 128 V 15 Henry VII [ ] anno 15 Hen. VII anno Henrici Septimi XV o. Oct. to Nov (4+0d) 272 A fragment. 129 VI 17 Henry VII [1501 2] anno 17 Hen. VII Rot de anno r. r. Hen VII mi 17 o (18 o ). Oct to June (7+0d) 272 Ditto. 130 VII 21 Henry VII [1505 6]? anno 21 Hen. VII Rot Pat de an Henrici septimi, vicesimo primo. Sept to July (19+0d) 272 In good preservation. 21