[Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "[Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document"

Transcription

1 [Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document.]

2 What are the differences between fish, sharks and whales? Have you ever had questions like, are sharks considered a mammal or a fish? Or maybe, is a whale a shark or a fish? Well in this ebook we are going to go over what makes fishes, sharks and whales so different from each other but yet still live in the same oceans. Although all these animals (fishes, sharks and whales) live and thrive in the ocean, whales are not sharks nor fish, but mammals and sharks are not mammals but yes they are fish but a special species of fish. So let s look into the major differences between these three marine animals: 1) What is their body/skeleton made up of? Sharks Cartilage is what the shark s body made up of. Cartilage is flexible, durable and has about half the amount of density as bones. As a result this helps to reduce the skeleton s weight and conserves energy. Sharks also lack a rib cage which would result in its own weight crushing it if it were placed on land Shark cartilage

3 Fish Bony fishes are divided into two groups, the ray-finned fishes and the lobe-finned fishes. Since the ray-finned fishes include the vast majority of bony fish species, when you would refer to bony fishes, you're largely talking about ray-finned fishes. But it's important to remember that bony fishes include a handful of species of lobe-finned fishes as well. The skeleton of a bony fish gives structure, provides protection, assists in leverage, and (along with the spleen and the kidney) is a site of red blood cell production. Whales Whales have bones; the skeleton of a whale consists of a skull, a backbone, a rib cage, and a collection of bones that form part of the flipper, but correspond closely to the bones in the human arm and hand. Whale's vertebrae

4 2) Buoyancy, how do they stay afloat? Sharks Sharks have specially developed livers that are less dense than most animals and contain a large amount of oil, called Squalene oil. This makes it easier for them swim and makes them faster than other fish. Shark's liver Fish Fish generally have something called a swim bladder that is filled with air/gas and makes them buoyant so that they float in the water even if they stop swimming. Fish's swim bladder

5 Whales Whales huge bodies are made up of a type of fat called blubber. This is what makes them float. Seals, penguins and walrus also have blubber, but to a much lesser degree. Whale cross section 3) Body shape Shark Sharks have a more rigid, torpedo-like, stream line body structure. A shark s head is generally more triangular in appearance and they also have very well developed pectoral fins.

6 Fish A fish s body is often fusiform, a streamlined body plan often found in fast-moving fish, however, you also get filiform (eel-shaped) or vermiform (worm-shaped), these are the shapes that usually occurs with bony fish. Normally, fish have slightly oval shaped heads, and their pectorals fins would be less developed than those of a shark. Different bony fish shapes Whales Whale s body shape is also fusiform and the modified forelimbs, or fins, are paddle-shaped. The end of the tail is composed of two flukes, which propel the animal by vertical movement, as opposed to the horizontal movement of a fish tail.

7 Different whale shapes 4) Texture of skin Shark Fish and sharks do not have skin like we generally think of skin. A shark s skin is covered with something called derma denticals, direct translation meaning skin teeth. This derma denticals are composed of material similar to their teeth, and acts as an armor vest to protects them from serious injury. Their skin is very ruff when you run your hand across it in the opposite direction in which it swims, but smooth when you rub it from head to tail. This allows the shark to move quickly and silently through the water. Derma denticles

8 Fish Like most of us know fish have scales, along with reptiles, because scales help protect a fish's body and make it comfortable for the fish to swim and move from side to side. In addition, scales help to protect the fish from predators especially if they are hard, sturdy, and slippery. Fish scales Whales Whales have skin because they are mammals just like us. Some whales also have body hair which scientist believe serves as a sensory structure, and may be used in social or sexual situations, or for calves communicating a need to nurse. They also nurse their young with milk they produce from their mammary glands. Barnacles growing on the skin of a whale

9 5) How do they breathe? Sharks Sharks have 5-7 gills without a gill cover (operculum). Sharks can breathe in two ways. Some sharks, mostly benthic sharks (bottom dwelling), do not need to move in order to breathe. They have a special respiratory organ called a spiracle, located behind the eye, to help them to pump water while remaining still. Other sharks, mostly pelagic sharks (relating to open sea sharks), need to move in order to breathe - thus they rely on a process known as ram ventilation. Basically, this means the forward motion of the shark sends water into the mouth and forces it out through the gill slits. Ram ventilation Fish Most fish have gills that they pump water through to take in oxygen and dispose of CO 2. They do this whether in motion or sitting still as they have everything they need to pump water through their system. Most fish only have one gill slit but then multiple gills inside, the gills are behind and protected by the operculum.

10 Whales Whales are mammals, and mammals are the group of animals that breathe air using lungs. So whales would come to the surface ever so often to breathe air into their lungs. Because whales do not have noses like we do, instead they have a hole, called a blowhole, on top of their head, so through this blowhole they breathe in and exhale. 6) Reproduction Whale exhaling through blowhole Sharks Shark can reproduce in 3 ways depending on the species. There is viviparity (live-bearing) just like humans give birth, e.g. Bull shark. Then, oviparity ( egglaying), which occurs mainly in bottom dwelling sharks e.g. pajama shark, leopard catshark. Then, there is Oviviparity(which is n mixture of the two above). Eggs develop inside the female and then the offspring goes out, this is also the most common way that sharks give birth, e.g. Ragged-tooth shark. Some sharks fertilize their eggs internally, while others fertilize it externally.

11 Viviparity Oviviparity Oviparity Fish Fish also breed in different ways. There are two main strategies that fish use: Oviparity (egglaying and vivparity - live-bearing). Live-bearing female fish are internally fertilized by the male fish, and carry the fry for about a month before delivering them. Egglaying fish lay eggs instead of giving birth to little fish. However egg-layers have many methods of laying eggs. For example, substrate spawners which lay their eggs in protected areas such as plants, rocks, wood. And then mouth-brooders that actually keep their eggs in their mouths until the eggs hatch out. Mouthbrooder releasing young

12 Whales All whales give live birth (viviparity), because whales are mammals. The calves grow inside their mothers and are born with their fins emerging first. The offspring are born during the migration process in most instances. Females often have many partners during the mating season so it is highly likely that she will conceive. Since the female will only have one baby and then nurse it for a full year, so the rate of reproduction is less than fishes and sharks. Mother and baby humpback whales Conclusion Although each of these fascinating marine animals are different from one another, we can really appreciated their uniqueness and amazing ability to adapt in the great oceans of the world.

13 Differences between fish, shark and whales. Comprehension test 1) Name the six major differences between fishes, sharks and whales discussed in the ebook 2) Whales and fish have bones while sharks have? 3) What makes sharks and fish float? 4) What is the name of the body type that whales have? 5) How many gills does a shark have? 6) What is the name of the opening that whales use to breathe air on the surface? 7) Name the 3 ways in which sharks reproduce? 8) True or False: Fish only lay eggs 9) Fill in the blanks: All whales give live birth (viviparity), because whales are 10) Sharks are covered with skin called derma denticals, what does that mean?

Internal Anatomy of Fish

Internal Anatomy of Fish Internal Anatomy of Fish The Systems of a Fish Skeletal System Muscular System Respiratory System Digestive System Circulatory System Nervous System Reproductive System Special Organs Skeletal System

More information

Chapter 12 Marine Fishes

Chapter 12 Marine Fishes Chapter 12 Marine Fishes Marine Protochordates Phylum: Chordata (nerve cord) Subphylum: Protochordata first chordates/primitive Primitive species of marine vertebrates Do not have advanced features (backbone)

More information

Is a seahorse a fish, amphibian, or reptile? FISH

Is a seahorse a fish, amphibian, or reptile? FISH Ch. 30 Loulousis Is a seahorse a fish, amphibian, or reptile? FISH Vertebral Column (Endoskeleton) Gills Single-loop circulation Kidneys Also share all the characteristics of chordates such as notochord,

More information

Fishes and Amphibians Objectives

Fishes and Amphibians Objectives Fishes and Amphibians Objectives List the four common body parts of chordates. Describe the two main characteristics of vertebrates. Explain the difference between an ectotherm and an endotherm. Describe

More information

PHYLUM CHORDATA: Subphylum vertebrata

PHYLUM CHORDATA: Subphylum vertebrata PHYLUM CHORDATA: Subphylum vertebrata There are three basic characteristics that distinguish Phylum Chordata from all other animal phyla: The presence of a flexible, rod-like, internal supporting structure

More information

Slide 1 of 64. End Show Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall. End Show Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall. Respiration. Slide 5 of 64

Slide 1 of 64. End Show Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall. End Show Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall. Respiration. Slide 5 of 64 33-3 Form and Function in Chordates Chordates Vertebrate organ systems exhibit a wide range of complexity. This is seen in the different ways that vertebrates feed, breathe, respond, move, and reproduce.

More information

Unit 19.2: Fish. Vocabulary fish spawning swim bladder

Unit 19.2: Fish. Vocabulary fish spawning swim bladder Unit 19.2: Fish Lesson Objectives Describe structure and function in fish. Explain how fish reproduce and develop. Give an overview of the five living classes of fish. Summarize the evolution of fish.

More information

Chapter 10. Part 1: Cartilaginous Fishes

Chapter 10. Part 1: Cartilaginous Fishes Chapter 10 Part 1: Cartilaginous Fishes Objectives Understand how hagfishes and lampreys differ from all other fishes. Describe how sharks, skates, and rays are related. Differentiate between cartilaginous

More information

Animal Evolution: Chordate and Vertebrate Evolution and Diversity (Learning Outline)

Animal Evolution: Chordate and Vertebrate Evolution and Diversity (Learning Outline) Animal Evolution: Chordate and Vertebrate Evolution and Diversity (Learning Outline) 1. Distinguishing features of the phylum Chordata and representative organisms. 2. Highlights of evolutionary steps

More information

Wendy s Whale Watching Trip by Wally Gutierrez

Wendy s Whale Watching Trip by Wally Gutierrez Wendy s Whale Watching Trip by Wally Gutierrez How will we know when whales are close? Will we hear them? asked Wendy. She was whale watching for the very first time. The thought of seeing a whale up close

More information

Biology 11. Phylum Chordata: Subphylum Vertebrata: The Fishys

Biology 11. Phylum Chordata: Subphylum Vertebrata: The Fishys Biology 11 Phylum Chordata: Subphylum Vertebrata: The Fishys Phylum Chordata is typically divided into four subphyla: Higher Chordates We are going to spend the next few classes talking about the Subphylum

More information

Chondrichthyes. Cartilaginous Fishes

Chondrichthyes. Cartilaginous Fishes Chondrichthyes Cartilaginous Fishes Chondrichthyes -jawed cartilaginous fish composed of sharks, skates, and rays -They have a skeleton made up of cartilage and do not have any bones -They have existed

More information

Videoconferencing pre/post materials

Videoconferencing pre/post materials Dear Teacher, Videoconferencing pre/post materials We are looking forward to our interactive videoconference with you and your students. During the program your students will have the opportunity to explore

More information

February 17, Unit 2. Biodiversity. Chordata, the vertebrates

February 17, Unit 2. Biodiversity. Chordata, the vertebrates Unit 2 Biodiversity Chordata, the vertebrates Phylum Chordata Examples: Sea squirts, fish, birds, dinosaurs, humans. General characteristics: 1. Bilaterally symmetrical 2. Coelomate 3. One way digestive

More information

Sharks. The most shark attacks have been in Australia, South Africa, America and Brazil.

Sharks. The most shark attacks have been in Australia, South Africa, America and Brazil. Sharks There are more than 500 different species of shark, including the great white shark, grey reef shark, hammerhead shark and tiger shark. Where do they live? Sharks can be found in every ocean. Grey

More information

FISH ANATOMY DIAGRAM AND QUESTIONS

FISH ANATOMY DIAGRAM AND QUESTIONS Name Block FISH ANATOMY DIAGRAM AND QUESTIONS External: 1. What percentage of fish are bony fish? 2. What is the operculum s function? 3. The nostrils are used for, not. 4. Which fins keeps the fish level

More information

Fish Dissection Background

Fish Dissection Background Fish Dissection Background Introduction Living things are similar to and different from each other. For example, when we look at the inside of a fish, we learn that the organ systems of fish are similar

More information

Taxonomy of Fishes. Chapter 18. I. SuperClass Agnatha. A. Class Myxini. Kingdom Animalia. The Fishes

Taxonomy of Fishes. Chapter 18. I. SuperClass Agnatha. A. Class Myxini. Kingdom Animalia. The Fishes Taxonomy of Fishes Chapter 18 The Fishes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata SuperClass Agnatha - jawless fish Class Chondrichthyes - cartilagenous fish Class Osteichthyes - bony fish I. SuperClass Agnatha

More information

Fish Dissection. Background

Fish Dissection. Background Fish Dissection The Fish Dissection program at Hatfield Marine Science Center is a 50-minute hands-on program for 4th through 12th grade students. Students will work in small groups as they examine a variety

More information

FISHES. Agnatha Chondrichthyes Osteichthyes

FISHES. Agnatha Chondrichthyes Osteichthyes FISHES Agnatha Chondrichthyes Osteichthyes General Characteristics! Ectothermic! Vertebrates! Have scales! Swim with fins! Almost all exclusively aquatic! Filter oxygen from water over gills Classes of

More information

Origin and Importance! ! Fish were the first vertebrates to appear on Earth about 500 million years ago.

Origin and Importance! ! Fish were the first vertebrates to appear on Earth about 500 million years ago. 2/9/14 Origin and Importance Evolution Marine Fish Fish were the first vertebrates to appear on Earth about 500 million years ago. Fish are the most economically important organism and are a vital source

More information

What is a Fish? Fishes are aquatic vertebrates. Most fishes have paired fins, scales, and gills.

What is a Fish? Fishes are aquatic vertebrates. Most fishes have paired fins, scales, and gills. What is a Fish? Fishes are aquatic vertebrates. Most fishes have paired fins, scales, and gills. Feeding and Digestion Every mode of feeding is seen in fish herbivores, carnivores, parasites, filter feeders,

More information

SHARKS. How sharks work

SHARKS. How sharks work SHARKS How sharks work College of Marine Sciences Shanghai Ocean University 2017 Shark shapes All sharks have the same basic body plan- a head with eyes, nostrils and a month, and a body with a tail and

More information

Aquatic vertebrates that are characterized by:

Aquatic vertebrates that are characterized by: Aquatic vertebrates that are characterized by: Paired fins Used for movement Scales Used for protection Gills Used for exchanging gases Fishes were the first vertebrates to evolve The evolution of jaws

More information

FI F SH A ND F I F SHES E SUBPHYLUM VERTEBRATA

FI F SH A ND F I F SHES E SUBPHYLUM VERTEBRATA FISH AND FISHES SUBPHYLUM VERTEBRATA 24,600 LIVING SPECIES FUN FACTS THAT S MORE THAN TERRESTRIAL ANIMALS! EARTH IS 70% WATER BUT LESS THAN.1% OF THE WATER ON THE PLANET IS FRESHWATER 41% OF FISH SPECIES

More information

Fishes are vertebrates that have characteristics allowing them to live and reproduce in water.

Fishes are vertebrates that have characteristics allowing them to live and reproduce in water. Section 1: are vertebrates that have characteristics allowing them to live and reproduce in water. K What I Know W What I Want to Find Out L What I Learned Essential Questions What are the features of

More information

Invertebrate Chordates

Invertebrate Chordates Invertebrate Chordates Chapter 11.2 - Fishes And Invertebrate Chordates... Invertebrate Chordates Lancelets Filter feed and spend most of their time buried in the sand. Only 2 invertebrate chordates Tunicates

More information

Fish. Water Dwelling Animals

Fish. Water Dwelling Animals Fish Water Dwelling Animals Class Agnatha (Jawless fish) They are believed to be the most primitive and oldest vertebrates. Lamprey and hagfish are the only 2 living members of this class and are placed

More information

Symmetry. Asymmetrical- no shape. Radial- same in half when cut any angle. Bilateral- having a distinct right and left side

Symmetry. Asymmetrical- no shape. Radial- same in half when cut any angle. Bilateral- having a distinct right and left side Symmetry Asymmetrical- no shape Radial- same in half when cut any angle Bilateral- having a distinct right and left side Invertebrates 95% of Animals No Backbone The simplest animals and they do not have

More information

Whales. Visit for thousands of books and materials. A Reading A Z Level O Leveled Reader Word Count: 1,106

Whales.  Visit  for thousands of books and materials. A Reading A Z Level O Leveled Reader Word Count: 1,106 LEVELED READER O Written by Vic Moors www.readinga-z.com Whales A Reading A Z Level O Leveled Reader Word Count: 1,106 Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. Written by Vic Moors

More information

Vertebrate Animals. DOMAIN- Eukarya KINGDOM- Animalia PHYLUM- Chordata SUBPHYLUM- Vertebrata CLASS- 7 different»orders- 10 Placental mammals

Vertebrate Animals. DOMAIN- Eukarya KINGDOM- Animalia PHYLUM- Chordata SUBPHYLUM- Vertebrata CLASS- 7 different»orders- 10 Placental mammals Vertebrate Animals DOMAIN- Eukarya KINGDOM- Animalia PHYLUM- Chordata SUBPHYLUM- Vertebrata CLASS- 7 different»orders- 10 Placental mammals Characteristics of ALL vertebrates Backbone Endoskeleton Distinct

More information

Kingdom Animalia. Eukaryotic Multicellular Heterotrophs Lack Cell Walls

Kingdom Animalia. Eukaryotic Multicellular Heterotrophs Lack Cell Walls Kingdom Animalia Eukaryotic Multicellular Heterotrophs Lack Cell Walls Must do: Feed, Respiration, Circulation, Excretion, Response, Movement, and Reproduction Symmetry Asymmetrical- no shape Radial- same

More information

Chapter 25: Fishes 1

Chapter 25: Fishes 1 Chapter 25: Fishes 1 2 Jawless Fishes (Agnatha) Cartilaginous Fishes (Chondrichthyes) Bony Fishes (Osteichthyes) Lamprey Whale shark Scorpion fish 3 Gills Single-loop Blood Circulation Vertebral column

More information

Wyland Transparencies

Wyland Transparencies Table of Contents Introduction...3 How to Use This ook...4 Cross-Curricular Activities...5 Standards and enchmarks...6 Wyland: Artist of the Sea...7 Wylie Whale s Wonderful Journey...9 Wylie s Journey

More information

Sharks J M Q LEVELED BOOK M. A Reading A Z Level M Leveled Book Word Count: 303.

Sharks J M Q LEVELED BOOK M. A Reading A Z Level M Leveled Book Word Count: 303. LEVELED BOOK M Written by Kira Freed Illustrated by Cende Hill www.readinga-z.com J M Q Sharks A Reading A Z Level M Leveled Book Word Count: 303 Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials.

More information

MARINE SCIENCE. Monday 23 Apr 2018

MARINE SCIENCE. Monday 23 Apr 2018 MARINE SCIENCE Monday 23 Apr 2018 Entry Task What are the three types of fish? Jawless Cartilaginous Bony Agenda Housekeeping Unit_15 Fish: Cold Blooded Swimmers Housekeeping Guest teacher this week, Thursday,

More information

Breathing, Feeding, & Moving in Water

Breathing, Feeding, & Moving in Water Breathing, Feeding, & Moving in Water Overview Students will learn about whale adaptations for breathing, feeding, and moving in water. Before Your Visit: Students will read and discuss a text about whale

More information

Figure 1: Chordate Characteristics

Figure 1: Chordate Characteristics I. General Chordate Characteristics Chordates are distinguished as a group by the presence of four embryonic features that may persist into adulthood in some species, but disappear as development progresses

More information

Biology 11 - Chapter 31 Assignment

Biology 11 - Chapter 31 Assignment Name: Class: Date: Biology 11 - Chapter 31 Assignment True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. Echinoderms exhibit their invertebrate heritage by their hard exoskeletons made of calcium

More information

/20 Lab #5 The Dissection of the Perch

/20 Lab #5 The Dissection of the Perch /20 Lab #5 The Dissection of the Perch Perch are members of the class Osterichthyes, or bony fishes. They are found in many Canadian waters and are an excellent specimen of boney fish. Food enters the

More information

Chapter 39. Table of Contents. Section 1 Introduction to Vertebrates. Section 2 Jawless and Cartilaginous Fishes. Section 3 Bony Fishes.

Chapter 39. Table of Contents. Section 1 Introduction to Vertebrates. Section 2 Jawless and Cartilaginous Fishes. Section 3 Bony Fishes. Fishes Table of Contents Section 1 Introduction to Vertebrates Section 2 Jawless and Cartilaginous Fishes Section 3 Bony Fishes Section 1 Introduction to Vertebrates Objectives Identify the distinguishing

More information

Breathing, Feeding, & Moving in Water

Breathing, Feeding, & Moving in Water Breathing, Feeding, & Moving in Water Overview Students will learn about whale adaptations for,, and in water. Before Your Visit: Students will read or listen to a text about whale adaptations to life

More information

Breathing, Feeding, & Moving in Water

Breathing, Feeding, & Moving in Water Breathing, Feeding, & Moving in Water Activities for Overview Students will learn about whale adaptations for,, and in water. Before Your Visit: Students will read or listen to a text about whale adaptations

More information

Biology. Slide 1 of 53. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall

Biology. Slide 1 of 53. End Show. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Biology 1 of 53 Chapter 33 Comparing Chordates 2 of 53 This chapter is a good revision of the material we saw during Unit III. 3 of 53 4 of 53 Controlling Body Temperature The control of body temperature

More information

Perch Dissection Lab

Perch Dissection Lab Perch Dissection Lab Introduction: The fish in the class Osteichthyes have bony skeletons. There are three groups of the bony fish - -- ray-finned fish, lobe-finned fish, and the lung fish. The perch is

More information

Phylum Chordata (Focus will be on Subphylum Vertebrata) Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata

Phylum Chordata (Focus will be on Subphylum Vertebrata) Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Phylum Chordata (Focus will be on Subphylum Vertebrata) Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata - All members have three basic characteristics: 1) a hollow dorsal nerve cord, - spinal cord has small fluid fill

More information

Teacher Resource Guide

Teacher Resource Guide Teacher Resource Guide By Liz Kreitinger Objective The object of this presentation is to create an understanding of the function and purpose of adaptations, while applying this concept to life under water.

More information

Body Plan of the Chordates. Notochord, dorsal hollow nerve cord, pharyngeal gill slits, blocks of muscle, post-anal tail

Body Plan of the Chordates. Notochord, dorsal hollow nerve cord, pharyngeal gill slits, blocks of muscle, post-anal tail Chordata The Major Groups Invertebrate Chordates Fishes Class: Agnatha Class Condrichthyes Class Osteichthyes Class: Amphibia Class: Reptilia Class: Aves Class: Mammalia Body Plan of the Chordates Notochord,

More information

Pacific Salmon and their Environment Salmon Anatomy and Dissection (Primary)

Pacific Salmon and their Environment Salmon Anatomy and Dissection (Primary) Science Unit: Lesson 14: Pacific Salmon and their Environment Salmon Anatomy and Dissection (Primary) Summary School Year: 2014/2015 Developed for: Developed by: Students watch as an adult dissects a salmon.

More information

Class Osteichthyes. Bony Fish

Class Osteichthyes. Bony Fish Class Osteichthyes Bony Fish General Characteristics of Class internal skeleton ossified (turned to bone) Paired fins made of rays and spines, or lobed fins swim bladder or lung present bony scales (ganoid,

More information

Teacher Page. Teacher Page

Teacher Page. Teacher Page Scavenger Hunt Thank you for choosing the Aquarium of the Pacific as your field trip destination. We are excited to share the wonders of the Pacific with you and your class! Teacher Use this scavenger

More information

Monterey Bay Aquarium Fieldtrip Worksheet

Monterey Bay Aquarium Fieldtrip Worksheet Attach ticket stub here. Name: Class: B11 or B3A Lab day & time: Monterey Bay Aquarium Fieldtrip Worksheet General Information Address: 886 Cannery Row Monterey, California 93940 Hours: 10am 6pm (May vary

More information

SAVERS FAST FACTS

SAVERS FAST FACTS ACTIVITY BOOK SAVERS Shark Savers was founded by divers who came to know and love sharks. Their mission is simple: save sharks. Shark Savers programs empower people to make a difference and take a stand

More information

Perch Dissection Lab

Perch Dissection Lab Name: Block: Due Date: Perch Dissection Lab Background The fish in the class Osteichthyes have bony skeletons. There are three groups of the bony fish: ray-finned, lobe-finned, and the lungfish. The perch

More information

Phylum Chordata Featuring Vertebrate Animals

Phylum Chordata Featuring Vertebrate Animals Phylum Chordata Featuring Vertebrate Animals Prepared by Diana C. Wheat For Linn-Benton Community College Characteristics All have a notochord: a stiff but flexible rod that extends the length of the body

More information

The Animal Kingdom. The Chordates

The Animal Kingdom. The Chordates The Animal Kingdom The Chordates Phylum Hemichordata Hemichordata (hemi = half; chordata= cord) acorn worm entirely marine adults show 3 of 4 basic characteristics: 1) pharyngial pouches 2) dorsal tubular

More information

Dorsal hollow nerve chord that forms spinal cord and brain. VERTEBRATES [OVERVIEW - OVERHEAD, similar to fig. 19.1, p. 390]:

Dorsal hollow nerve chord that forms spinal cord and brain. VERTEBRATES [OVERVIEW - OVERHEAD, similar to fig. 19.1, p. 390]: Phylum Chordata (44,000 species) Dorsal hollow nerve chord that forms spinal cord and brain Notochord at some stage of life cycle Gill slits at some point in life cycle VERTEBRATES [OVERVIEW - OVERHEAD,

More information

The Pelagic Zone.! The open ocean is called the pelagic zone.!

The Pelagic Zone.! The open ocean is called the pelagic zone.! The Open Ocean The Pelagic Zone! The open ocean is called the pelagic zone.! Epipelagic! We will focus on the top 200 m or 650 feet called the epipelagic zone.!! The photic zone is to a depth where light

More information

Outline 15: Paleozoic Life

Outline 15: Paleozoic Life Outline 15: Paleozoic Life The Evolution of Vertebrates: Fish and Amphibians Phylum Chordata All chordates have a dorsal nerve cord. Chordates with vertebrae are the vertebrates. The vertebrae surround

More information

Outline 15: Paleozoic Life. The Evolution of Vertebrates: Fish and Amphibians

Outline 15: Paleozoic Life. The Evolution of Vertebrates: Fish and Amphibians Outline 15: Paleozoic Life The Evolution of Vertebrates: Fish and Amphibians Phylum Chordata All chordates have a dorsal nerve cord. Chordates with vertebrae are the vertebrates. The vertebrae surround

More information

For this assignment, use the Chapter about Fish that is found on me website, NOT YOUR BOOK.

For this assignment, use the Chapter about Fish that is found on me website, NOT YOUR BOOK. Name: For this assignment, use the Chapter about Fish that is found on me website, NOT YOUR BOOK. 1. Lampreys and hagfish lack (JAWS) and instead, have many rows of (TEETH ) 2. 3. The lamprey is a problem

More information

Ch. 10 The Open Sea: Pelagic Zone away. from coast/continental shelf. Little upwelling & low primary productivity = most animals stay

Ch. 10 The Open Sea: Pelagic Zone away. from coast/continental shelf. Little upwelling & low primary productivity = most animals stay Ch. 10: The Open Sea Ch. 10 The Open Sea: Pelagic Zone Pelagic Zone away Away from coast, over continental shelf from coast/continental shelf. Little upwelling & low primary productivity = most animals

More information

Marine Fishes. Chapter 8

Marine Fishes. Chapter 8 Marine Fishes Chapter 8 Osteichthyes, The Bony Fish Flat bony scales (ctenoid or cycloid) protect body Ctenoid scales on Paradise Fish Osteichthyes, The Bony Fish Bony operculum covers the gills (provides

More information

How Do Fish Swim? The density of water makes it very difficult to move in, but fish can move very smoothly and quickly.

How Do Fish Swim? The density of water makes it very difficult to move in, but fish can move very smoothly and quickly. How Do Fish Swim? The density of water makes it very difficult to move in, but fish can move very smoothly and quickly. A swimming fish is relying on its skeleton for framework, its muscles for power,

More information

Animal Diversity. Kingdom Animalia

Animal Diversity. Kingdom Animalia 7ch11 Animal Diversity Kingdom Animalia Animal Characteristics 1. animals are eukaryotes and are multicellular 2. cells are specialized for different functions (vision,digestion,reproduction) 3. protein,

More information

For this assignment, use the Chapter about Fish that is found on my website, NOT YOUR BOOK.

For this assignment, use the Chapter about Fish that is found on my website, NOT YOUR BOOK. Name: For this assignment, use the Chapter about Fish that is found on my website, NOT YOUR BOOK. 1. Lampreys and hagfish lack (1) and instead, have many rows of (2) 2. 3. The lamprey is a problem because

More information

Agnatha. Osteichthyes. Chordates: animals WITH a backbone. three classes of fish. Osteichthyes Boney fishes. Chondrichthyes Sharks

Agnatha. Osteichthyes. Chordates: animals WITH a backbone. three classes of fish. Osteichthyes Boney fishes. Chondrichthyes Sharks Chordates: animals WITH a backbone three classes of fish Chondrichthyes Sharks Osteichthyes Boney fishes Agnathids Jawless fish Agnatha -Most primitive -Lack jaws -Round row of teeth Osteichthyes -Bony

More information

Dogfish Shark Dissection Introduction 1. What are two reasons why spiny dogfish are used for study in laboratories?

Dogfish Shark Dissection Introduction 1. What are two reasons why spiny dogfish are used for study in laboratories? Dogfish Shark Dissection Introduction 1. What are two reasons why spiny dogfish are used for study in laboratories? 2. Someone who studies fish is called an. 3. Sharks and fish belong to the Phylum a.

More information

BIOLOGY 11 CHORDATES

BIOLOGY 11 CHORDATES BIOLOGY 11 CHORDATES All chordates share 4 general characteristics: 1. Notochord a dorsal supporting rod located below the nerve cord toward the back in vertebrates, the embryonic notochord is replaced

More information

Lecture Notes Chapter 14

Lecture Notes Chapter 14 Lecture Notes Chapter 14 I. Chordata- phylum A. 3 subphyla 1. Urochordata 2. Cephalochordata 3. Vertebrata II. Characteristics of all Chordates (found during some part of the life cycle) A. All have a

More information

Wildlife Prairie State Park Amazing Animals Teachers Packet

Wildlife Prairie State Park Amazing Animals Teachers Packet Teachers Packet Grades 1-2 Abstract Animals come in all shapes and sizes. Shared characteristics link animals together into groups. Explore these characteristics, the habitats in which animals live and

More information

Fish Scavenger Hunt Activity

Fish Scavenger Hunt Activity Scavenger Hunt Activity Materials: questions worksheet (pages 2-3) 18 reptile fact cards (pages 4-9) Tape and scissors Preparation: Print the fact cards on card stock or brightly-colored paper and cut

More information

Lesson 11: Introduction to Right Whales

Lesson 11: Introduction to Right Whales Cetaceans 4 th Grade Curriculum Lesson 11: Introduction to Right Whales Page 11-1 Lesson 11: Introduction to Right Whales Objectives: Students will learn about North Atlantic right whale life histories.

More information

Animals of the Pelagic Environment. Making a living--adaptations Staying Above the Seafloor. Adaptations

Animals of the Pelagic Environment. Making a living--adaptations Staying Above the Seafloor. Adaptations Animals of the Pelagic Environment Making a living--adaptations Staying Above the Seafloor Eating Gas Containers Floaters Swimmers (nekton) Mobility Speed Temperature Group Behavior Reproduction Schooling

More information

Front Room. 1. There are several different types of flatfish in the pier tank. Name two species of flatfish you can see. and

Front Room. 1. There are several different types of flatfish in the pier tank. Name two species of flatfish you can see. and Key Stage 2 Lower ACTIVITY BOOK Ages 7-9 Name: Class: Date: Front Room Welcome to Anglesey Sea Zoo! Hi! My name is Seamor, and in this activity book my friends and I will give you lots of fun facts about

More information

Fish Reproductive Biology

Fish Reproductive Biology Fish Reproductive Biology OSU South Centers Piketon, Ohio Maxwell.411@osu.edu Fish Facts 32,500 estimated species of fish in the world More than 15,000 freshwater fish species Freshwater may constitute

More information

Calendar Connections

Calendar Connections Calendar Connections August ~ Ocean Life Target Level: grades 3-6 The facts are created at a more advanced level but can easily be used for the entire homeschool family! Young children will soak up the

More information

Class Myxini Order Myxiniformes Family Myxinidae (hagfishes)

Class Myxini Order Myxiniformes Family Myxinidae (hagfishes) Class Myxini Order Myxiniformes Family Myxinidae (hagfishes) Lacks jaws Mouth not disk-like barbels present Unpaired fins as continuous fin-fold Branchial skeleton not well developed Eyes degenerate 70-200

More information

Dead Perch Parts. ACADEMIC STANDARDS: 4 th Grade B. Know that living things are made up of parts that have specific functions.

Dead Perch Parts. ACADEMIC STANDARDS: 4 th Grade B. Know that living things are made up of parts that have specific functions. Dead Perch Parts Fish Anatomy Adapted from: An original Creek Connections activity created from the Fish Anatomy model. Grade Level: Intermediate or advanced Duration: 30 minutes Setting: classroom Summary:

More information

WHALES. & Whale Sharks

WHALES. & Whale Sharks WHALES & Whale Sharks Introduction Today we are going to learn about the biggest mammals of the ocean and one animal that is commonly mistaken for a whale but is actually a fish. Whale is the common name

More information

Marine Fishes. Chapter 8

Marine Fishes. Chapter 8 Marine Fishes Chapter 8 Fish Gills The construction of the gill is the same in all fish gill arch supports the entire structure, gill rakers are on the forward surface of the gill arch and gill filaments

More information

LOCOMOTION, ENERGETICS & THERMOREGULATION

LOCOMOTION, ENERGETICS & THERMOREGULATION Simone Baumann-Pickering May 7, 2013 sbaumann@ucsd.edu (858) 534-7280 Marine Mammal Biology SIO 133 LOCOMOTION, ENERGETICS & THERMOREGULATION HYPERPHALANGY (POLY/)HYPERDACTILY A) Risso s dolphin B) Killer

More information

CHAPTER 25 Early Tetrapods and Modern Amphibians

CHAPTER 25 Early Tetrapods and Modern Amphibians CHAPTER 25 Early Tetrapods and 25-1 Physical Adaptations: Oxygen content Movement Onto Land Oxygen is 20 times more abundant in air so terrestrial animals can obtain oxygen much more easily once they possess

More information

Booklet translated by SREJ at CSDC 1

Booklet translated by SREJ at CSDC 1 Name: Gr. : Booklet translated by SREJ at CSDC 1 This is the beginning of a new project about Aquaculture. Before we start, I would like to see what you already know about the subject. Write all the words

More information

Climate Researchers Feeling Heat. By Juliet Eilperin Washington Post Staff Writer Thursday, April 6, 2006; A27

Climate Researchers Feeling Heat. By Juliet Eilperin Washington Post Staff Writer Thursday, April 6, 2006; A27 Biology 2010 April 19, 2006 Readings - From Text (Campbell et al. Biology, 7 th ed.) Chapter 34 pp. 671-707. Climate Researchers Feeling Heat. By Juliet Eilperin Washington Post Staff Writer Thursday,

More information

Dogfish Shark Dissection

Dogfish Shark Dissection Dogfish Shark Dissection Name Date Period Fun Facts: Materials: The teeth of sharks are modified scales embedded in the skin of its mouth Sharks have pits on their face used to detect electric fields Sharks

More information

Fantastic Fish. Lesson 10. Leafy Sea Dragon

Fantastic Fish. Lesson 10. Leafy Sea Dragon Fantastic Fish Lesson 10 Fish are cold-blooded vertebrates that live in streams, lakes and oceans. They are abundant in both fresh and salt water. There are over 28,000 known species of fish on the planet.

More information

Biol Echinoderms & Chordates. But first a few words about Development

Biol Echinoderms & Chordates. But first a few words about Development Biol 1309 Echinoderms & Chordates 1 But first a few words about Development Blastula- zygote first develops into a hollow ball of cells Deuterostome - mouth second Protostome - mouth first Cleavage - describes

More information

5/3/15. Vertebrate Evolution Traces a Long and Diverse History. Construction of Complex Chordate Bodies Begins on a Stiffening Scaffold

5/3/15. Vertebrate Evolution Traces a Long and Diverse History. Construction of Complex Chordate Bodies Begins on a Stiffening Scaffold Construction of Complex Chordate Bodies Begins on a Stiffening Scaffold Chordata is the most advanced animal phylum. All chordates have, at some time during development, a notochord. Both invertebrate

More information

They re under the sea, with their strange horse like heads and. kangaroo pouches. They re interesting and strange sea

They re under the sea, with their strange horse like heads and. kangaroo pouches. They re interesting and strange sea They re under the sea, with their strange horse like heads and kangaroo pouches. They re interesting and strange sea creatures. They re sea horses. You will learn about their habitat, body, prey and predators,

More information

The Great Shark Escape

The Great Shark Escape The Magic School Bus A Science Chapter Book #7 The Great Shark Escape Lapbook by Amy Yee. Yee Shall Know http:///www.yeeshallknow.com Lapbook Basics Follow the instructions in the following page(s) to

More information

Chapter 30 Nonvertebrate Chordates, Fishes, and Amphibians Name

Chapter 30 Nonvertebrate Chordates, Fishes, and Amphibians Name Chapter 30 Nonvertebrate Chordates, Fishes, and Amphibians Name Lab Dissecting a Perch Background Information Fish are the largest group of vertebrates found in fresh and salt water. In fact, over 25,000

More information

3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UDI 2: FAUNIA. LIVING THINGS (6)

3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UDI 2: FAUNIA. LIVING THINGS (6) 3rd GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS UDI 2: FAUNIA. LIVING THINGS (6) LIVING AND NON-LIVING THINGS Living things are born, grow, reproduce, grow old, and die. People, plants and animals are all living things. Living

More information

Armored Animal by Guy Belleranti

Armored Animal by Guy Belleranti What mammal lives only in the Americas, looks a little like a monster-sized pillbug, and wears a coat of armor on its back, head, legs, and tail? An armadillo, of course. What is an armadillo's armor like?

More information

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Superclass: Tetrapoda Class: Amphibia. Amphibian Classification

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Superclass: Tetrapoda Class: Amphibia. Amphibian Classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Superclass: Tetrapoda Class: Amphibia Amphibian Classification Amphibian Amphibians are live the first part of their lives in the water and the

More information

Shark Lessons and Research lessons and research by Lynn Pitts lapbook created by Ami Brainerd

Shark Lessons and Research lessons and research by Lynn Pitts lapbook created by Ami Brainerd Shark Lessons and Research lessons and research by Lynn Pitts lapbook created by Ami Brainerd Library List The Best Book of Sharks by Claire Llewellyn All About Sharks by Jim Arnosky Sharks by Gail Gibbons

More information