# FISH IN - FISH OUT RATIOS EXPLAINED

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 FISH IN - FISH OUT RATIOS EXPLAINED BY ANDREW JACKSON One of the long continued debates in aquaculture is the use of fishmeal and fish oil in feeds and the amount of wild fish it takes to produce farmed fish. This debate has particularly raged around the use of fish oil and fishmeal in salmon diets and a lot of different figures have been quoted for the number of tonnes of wild fish it takes to produce a tonne of farmed salmon (FIFO ratio). These quoted figures range from 3:1 to 10:1; the most recent figure published comes from Tacon & Metian (2008) who gave the figure for Salmon in 2006 as 4.9:1, meaning it takes 4.9 tonnes of wild fish to produce 1 tonne of salmon. It can be easily demonstrated how they came up with this figure. If we take 1 tonne (1000 kg) of wild fish, they assume that this would yield 225 kg of fishmeal and 50 kg of fish oil. 5

2 In 2006 they say that salmon diets on average contained 30% fishmeal and 20% fish oil. This means that one could produce 250kg of salmon feed by using up all of the 50 kg of fish oil. Salmon then have a feed conversion ratio (FCR) of 1.25 which therefore gives a harvest volume of 200 kg of salmon. So our starting 1000kg of wild fish have been turned into 200 kg of salmon which is a Fish in - Fish out (FIFO) ratio of 5:1 (1000:200), which compares well with Tacon & Metian s global figure of 4.9:1. However, it can be seen from the table that while all the fish oil was used to produce the salmon feed, there was 150kg of fishmeal left over; this cannot be used as there is no more oil. In their calculation this is just thrown away and wasted. Let us now turn our attention to the production of shrimp, the other major global user of fishmeal; in this case Tacon & Metian give a FIFO ratio of 1.4:1. Again we can do a worked example using the same starting point of 1 tonne of wild fish. SALMON How much salmon do I produce? Fish oil in the diet % 20 Fishmeal in the diet % 30 Requirement of oil kg 50 Requirement of fishmeal kg 75 Amount of feed that can be produced kg 250 FCR 1.25 Salmon Produced kg 200 FIFO 5.0 Fishmeal left over kg 150 SHRIMP How much shrimp do I produce? Fish oil in the diet % 2 Fishmeal in the diet % 20 Requirement of oil kg 22.5 Requirement of fishmeal kg 225 Amount of feed that can be produced kg 1125 FCR 1.7 Shrimp Produced kg 662 FIFO 1.5 Fish Oil left over kg 28 Assumptions from Tacon & Metian highlighted green In this case the diets for shrimp require much more fishmeal than fish oil, so all the 225kg of fishmeal is used to produce 1125 kg of shrimp feed, which with an FCR of 1.7, produces 662kg of harvestable shrimp and a FIFO ratio of 1.5:1 (1000/662). This is virtually the same as the Tacon & Metian figure of 1.4:1. On this occasion it can be seen that there is 28kg of surplus fish oil which it is assumed is discarded. It can therefore be clearly seen that with salmon production there is surplus fishmeal and with shrimp production there is surplus fish oil, so that a combination of the two should be more efficient. SALMON PLUS SHRIMP How much salmon do I produce? How much shrimp do I produce? Fish oil in the diet % 20 Fish oil in the diet % 2 Fishmeal in the diet % 30 Fishmeal in the diet % 20 Requirement of oil kg 35 Requirement of oil kg 15 Requirement of fishmeal kg 53 Requirement of fishmeal kg 150 Amount of feed that can be produced kg 175 Amount of feed that can be produced kg 750 FCR 1.25 FCR 1.7 Salmon Produced kg 140 Shrimp Produced kg 441 Total Weight Produced 581 FIFO 1.7 Fishmeal left over kg 23 Fish Oil left over kg 0 6

3 In this case if we use most of the oil (35kg from the available 50kg) for the salmon, we can produce 175 kg of salmon feed and this produces 140 kg of salmon. This would also use 53 kg of the available 225kg of fishmeal. If we use the remaining 15 kg of fish oil for shrimp feed and combine this with 150 kg of fishmeal we could produce 750kg of shrimp feed, which would yield 441kg of shrimp. The combined FIFO ratio is now 1.7:1 (1000:581) and there is still 23kg of fishmeal left over. So let us go one more step and combine our salmon and shrimp production with some carp production, which does not use any fish oil. SALMON PLUS SHRIMP PLUS CARP How much salmon do I produce? How much shrimp do I produce? How much carp do I produce? Fish oil in the diet % 20 Fish oil in the diet % 2 Fish oil in the diet % 0 Fishmeal in the diet % 30 Fishmeal in the diet % 20 Fishmeal in the diet % 5 Requirement of oil kg 35 Requirement of oil kg 15 Requirement of oil kg 0 Requirement of fishmeal kg 53 Requirement of fishmeal kg 150 Requirement of fishmeal kg 23 Amount of feed that can be Amount of feed that can be Amount of feed that can be produced kg 175 produced kg 750 produced kg 450 FCR 1.25 FCR 1.7 FCR 1.8 Salmon Produced kg 140 Shrimp Produced kg 441 Carp Produced kg 250 Total Weight Produced 831 FIFO 1.2 Fishmeal left over kg 0 Fish Oil left over kg 0 Now we can see that if we use the extra 23kg of fishmeal, we could produce 250kg of carp and reduce further the FIFO ratio to 1.2:1 and now everything is being used and there is no wastage. From these worked examples it can be seen that calculating the FIFO ratio based on just one type of farming does not give the correct picture and that the reality is that one should only use in the FIFO ratio calculation what is actually used and not discard anything. In the real world all the fishmeal and fish oil is used and therefore we need a method of calculation that correctly attributes the wild fish caught to their final use. Let us therefore use the following formula : FIFO Ratio = Level of fishmeal in the diet + Level of fish oil in the diet X FCR Yield of fishmeal from wild fish + Yield of fish oil from wild fish So for Salmon we calculate: Salmon FIFO Ratio = X 1.25 = To check whether this is giving us the correct answer we can use it to recalculate how much wild fish was used in our worked example to produce our 140, 441 and 250 kg of salmon, shrimp and carp: Salmon Shrimp Carp FIFO calculated using formula Total of farmed production kg Amount of wild fish used kg (Production x FIFO) Total amount of wild fish used kg 1000 We can therefore see that the total requirement of wild fish to produce these different amounts of salmon, shrimp and carp was 1000kg, our agreed start number. We can therefore assume that this method of calculating the FIFO ratio correctly attributes volumes of wild caught fish to their correct final use. Let us therefore turn from just one tonne of 7

4 wild caught fish to the 20.2 million tonnes of raw material that was used for the production of fishmeal and fish oil in 2006 according to the FAO (FAO SOFIA 2008). Tacon & Metian in their recent paper gave the results of their global survey of aquaculture feeds and reported the following : Data presented by Tacon & Metian with Wild Fish Used calculated using their method Species Volumes,000 t Fish Feed World Wild Fish FM Used FO Used FIFO Ratio Production Used FCR Used Salmon Trout Eel Marine Fish Shrimp FW Crustaceans Tilapia Catfish Milkfish Carp Misc FW Carn. Fish Total Fed farmed fish & shellfish We can see all the groupings of aquaculture species that make use of fishmeal and fish oil and their calculated FIFO Ratios including those for salmon and shrimp as already discussed. However, in the final column one can see the tonnage of wild fish required in the production of each group and this agrees with their reported FIFO ratios. We can see that, as in our small scale example, the method produces very high levels of wild fish usage to the point where if we add them up we reach a total global figure of nearly 23 million tonnes of wild fish. This is in excess of the FAO figure for total world catch of wild fish rendered for fishmeal and oil production (20.2 million) and the calculation does not consider fishmeal and fish oil used in pig and poultry production. Andrew Jackson is currently the Technical Director of IFFO, a global trade organisation representing the fishmeal and fish oil industry and associated businesses with around 200 members in 40 countries. In this role he assists members with their technical issues as well as representing the industry at international conferences. He is also working with a full value-chain advisory committee, which is developing a Code of Responsible Practice for the industry. This code should allow the industry to demonstrate both responsible sourcing of raw materials as well as good manufacturing practice and product safety. Before joining IFFO in 2006, Andrew worked for over 20 years in the salmon farming, working most of the time for Marine Harvest. He was also Chairman of the Scottish Salmon Producers Organisation. 8

5 Pelagic Catch Unloading Anchovies Fishmeal If however we use the same data as presented by Tacon & Metian but use the alternative method of calculating the FIFO ratio, as outlined earlier, we obtain the following: Alternative Method for Calculating FIFO Ratios Species FM in Diet % FO in Diet % Yield of FM Yield of FO FIFO Wild Fish used from wild from wild Ratio,000 t fish % fish % Salmon Trout Eel Marine Fish Shrimp FW Crustaceans Tilapia Catfish Milkfish Carp Misc FW Carn. Fish Total of Fed farmed fish & shellfish Now with this new method we have a different set of FIFO ratios, with salmon still the highest at 2.3:1, but now the total amount of wild fish used in aquaculture production is 16.6 million. The remainder is used in pig and poultry production. So if we follow the same system to try and get an idea of the global picture using FAO STAT data for pig and poultry production we can estimate the following: Table showing the calculated FIFO for Aquaculture, Pigs and Poultry FM in Diet F0 in Diet Yield of FM Yield of FO FCR FIFO World Use of % % % % FIPO Production Wild fish,000 t,000 t Aquaculture Pigs Poultry Total

6 Pigs and poultry make very little use of fish oil and fishmeal is used mostly in the early stages but has been largely removed from most adult grower diets. So the inclusion figure in the above table is very low over the whole growing cycle. This gives us a total raw material use for fishmeal and fish oil production of 23.3 million tonnes for these three major categories. We therefore feel that this method of calculating the Fish in - Fish out ratios for aquaculture gives a truer representation of situation than previously used methods. But, as already mentioned, the FAO estimated 20.2 million tonnes of wild fish being rendered down for fishmeal and fish oil in One reason for this is that the assumed yield figure of fishmeal from whole fish used by Tacon and Metian was 22.5%. Over the last decade improved processing equipment has ensured a greater protein recovery from the whole fish and the latest data IFFO has on this is that yield figures for the industry range from %. So if instead of 22.5%, we use a fishmeal yield figure of 24% we get the following: Summary of FIFO Ratios as calculated by IFFO Species FM in Diet % FO in Diet % Yield of FM Yield of FO FIFO Wild Fish used from wild fish % from wild fish % Ratio,000t Salmon Trout Eel Marine Fish Shrimp FW Crustaceans Tilapia Catfish Milkfish Carp Misc FW Carn. Fish Total of Fed farmed fish & shellfish Pigs Poultry Total This reduces the total weight of wild fish used to 22.1 million tonnes (down from 23.3 million) which is closer to the FAO figure of The annual global production of fishmeal in 2006 according to IFFO statistics was 5.2 million tonnes which at a 24% yield would require 21.7 million tonnes of raw material. The figures are therefore all consistent. One final consideration is that more and more of the world s fishmeal and oil is derived from fisheries by-products such as heads, guts and filleting waste. The differentiation between by-product fishmeal and whole fish fishmeal has not been well captured in world statistics; this goes for both IFFO and FAO data. In a recent study conducted by IFFO we calculated that around 22% of fishmeal was derived from by-products rather than whole fish. If we use this assumption the whole wild fish in - whole farmed fish out ratio obviously falls: Table showing the calculated FIFO for Aquaculture, Pigs and Poultry excluding fisheries by-products World Production Use of Fish % Coming from Use of whole FIFO,000 t,000 t fishery byproducts wild fish 000 t /FIPO Aquaculture Pigs Poultry Total Salmon In this case the Fish in - Fish out ratio for all aquaculture falls to That is for every tonne of whole wild fish caught, aquaculture produces 1.92 tonnes of harvestable product. Salmon is still the highest user with a FIFO ratio of 1.68, meaning that for every tonne of whole wild fish used there is tonnes of salmon produced. If one looks at the whole of the fishmeal and fish oil industry, for every 1 tonne of whole wild fish converted into fishmeal and fish oil, the food producing industries which use these products produce around 14 tonnes of farmed produce. 10

### Global fishmeal and fish oil supply - inputs, outputs, and markets

Global fishmeal and fish oil supply - inputs, outputs, and markets C.J. Shepherd & A.J. Jackson 9 May 2012 Mass Balance of marine ingredients production 2010 Whole Fish 13,886 Total 18,515 By-Products

### Feed Conversion Efficiency in the Salmon Industry

Feed Conversion Efficiency in the Salmon Industry Rodrigo Infante Rodrigo Pizarro Steering Committee Salmon Dialogue November 2006 Vancouver / November 2006 Estimating FCE (fish to fish) How many fish

### Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113B

0 10,000,000 20,000,000 30,000,000 40,000,000 50,000,000 60,000,000 70,000,000 80,000,000 90,000,000 100,000,000 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993

### Status and futures in the fishmeal industry

Status and futures in the fishmeal industry By Gunn Strandheim Irish Pelagic Seminar Killybegs, Ireland 11th of November - 211 Global fishmeal production Subject. Resource situation in the fishmeal industry

### Fishmeal / Fish Oil Use in Aquafeeds & The Evolving Nutritional Profile of Farmed Seafood

Fishmeal / Fish Oil Use in Aquafeeds & The Evolving Nutritional Profile of Farmed Seafood n PRESENTER DR. GIOVANNI TURCHINI DEAKIN UNIVERSITY GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR AQUACULTURE LEADERSHIP GUANGZHOU, CHINA

### GERMANY IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (2015, source: FAO and Eurostat) FISHING FLEET (2015, source: JRC and Annual Economic Report)

GERMANY IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (2015, source: FAO and Eurostat) Germany is the EU s 6th largest producer of fisheries and 10th largest of aquaculture products. (1000 tonnes) World EU-28 Germany % World

### ANS 18 Test Yourself Sample Test Questions. 1. With respect to relative GLOBAL production tonnage, correctly order the following on the pyramid below:

ANS 18 Test Yourself Sample Test Questions 1. With respect to relative GLOBAL production tonnage, correctly order the following on the pyramid below: a) Basa b) grass carp c) U.S. channel catfish d) abalone

### State of Small pelagic Fish resources and its implications for Food Security and Nutrition

State of Small pelagic Fish resources and its implications for Food Security and Nutrition Manuel Barange, Stefania Vannuccini, Yimin Ye, Malcolm Beveridge Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN,

### 80:20 Pond Growth Performance of Hybrid Tilapia on Soybean Meal-Based Diets

80:20 Pond Growth Performance of Hybrid Tilapia on Soybean Meal-Based Diets Results of 1997 ASA/China Feed-Based Production Trials INTRODUCTION M. C. Cremer and Zhang Jian American Soybean Association,

### Aquaculture, Fisheries and the

Aquaculture, Fisheries and the Environment Frank Asche NAAFE, 2011 The Economics of Conflict and Co-existence in an Increasingly Crowded Ocean" We like to think of fishing as traditional and romantic,

### CYPRUS IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (2015, source: FAO and Eurostat)

Cyprus updated on 03-05-18 CYPRUS IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (2015, source: FAO and Eurostat) Cyprus ranks low among EU Member States producing fisheries and aquaculture products. (1.000 tonnes) World

### FISH 336 Introduction to Aquaculture

FISH 336 Introduction to Aquaculture 1. Distance Delivered from Kodiak 2. Dr. Scott Smiley email: stsmiley@alaska.edu cell phone: (907) 942-0184 office hours by appointment FISH 336 Logistics Goals I My

### Production of Red Sea Bream in 6.4-m 3 Cages In Coastal Waters in Quanzhou, China

Production of Red Sea Bream in 6.4-m 3 Cages In Coastal Waters in Quanzhou, China Results of ASA/China 2004 Feeding Trial 35-04-101 Michael C. Cremer, Sean Lan and Zhang Jian American Soybean Association

### FINLAND IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (2015, source: FAO and Eurostat) FISHING FLEET (2015, source: JRC and Annual Economic Report)

FINLAND IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (05, source: FAO and Eurostat) Finland is the EU s th largest producer of fisheries and 4th largest of aquaculture products. (000 tonnes) World EU-8 Finland % World %

### LATVIA IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (2015, source: FAO and Eurostat) FISHING FLEET (2015, source: JRC and Annual Economic Report)

LATVIA IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (2015, source: FAO and Eurostat) Latvia is the EU s 13th largest producer of fisheries and 21st largest of aquaculture products. (1.000 tonnes) World EU-28 Latvia % World

### Brief history. Listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange (since October 2006)

Arne Møgster CEO Brief history Established in 1981 as a wholly owned family company within pelagic fisheries and salmon farming Fully integrated fishing company with license to participate in some of the

### Ragnar Tveteras. University of Stavanger Norway

Ragnar Tveteras University of Stavanger Norway Professor Ragnar Tveteras is a business economist at the University of Stavanger s Department for Industrial Economics, Risk Management and Planning. His

### Alaska s Strengths & Opportunities

Alaska s Strengths & Opportunities 1. Wild Natural Product 2. Sound Fisheries Management 3. Omega 3 Fatty Acids 4. High Concentrations Vitamin D 5. Whitefish Strong but Tilapia Coming on 6. Wild Salmon

### ANS 18 Test Yourself Sample Test Questions. 1. With respect to relative GLOBAL production tonnage, correctly order the following on the pyramid below:

ANS 18 Test Yourself Sample Test Questions 1. With respect to relative GLOBAL production tonnage, correctly order the following on the pyramid below: a) Basa b) grass carp c) U.S. channel catfish d) abalone

### Tilapia Production in Bangladesh Gupta et al. 1992

Tilapia Production in Bangladesh Gupta et al. 1992 http://www.worldfishcenter.org/libinfo/pdf/pub%20tr4%2035.pdf Bangladesh - fish = 60 70% of animal protein Per cap. cons. = 7.9 kg/yr Urban elite = 22.1

### Combating IUU: China and the European Market

Combating IUU: China and the European Market Tatjana Gerling Smart Fishing Global Initiative WWF International Light tower Tatjana Gerling/WWF International 22 nd September 2014 The European Parliament

### World supply and demand of tilapia

World supply and demand of tilapia by Helga Josupeit FAO Rome, October 2010 World tilapia production World tilapia production has been booming during the last decade, with output doubling from 830000 tonnes

### Energy Consumption of Small Scale Fishing Vessel Operations in Indonesia A Case Study in Palabuhanratu, Indonesia

Energy Consumption of Small Scale Fishing Vessel Operations in Indonesia A Case Study in Palabuhanratu, Indonesia Vita R KURNIAWATI Richard W BIRMINGHAM Alan J MURPHY School of Marine Science and Technology

### Introducing Friend of the Sea. Certification of seafood products from sustainable fisheries and aquaculture

Introducing Friend of the Sea Certification of seafood products from sustainable fisheries and aquaculture The organisation Founded in 2008, Friend of the Sea is committed to improving the global sustainability

### Salmon Market Analysis 2007

Salmon Market Analysis 2007 April 2008 Systemizing the World of Aquaculture and Fisheries Industriveien 18, NO-6517 Kristiansund N Norway Tel.: +47 71 68 33 00 Fax: +47 71 68 33 01 E-mail: mail@kontali.no

### Regional Approach to Risk Assessment for Aquaculture in the Pacific Islands

Regional Approach to Risk Assessment for Aquaculture in the Pacific Islands Ben Ponia, Aquaculture Adviser Secretariat of the Pacific Community New Caledonia SPC Region & Organization 22 Pacific Island

### AQUACULTURE, SPAIN. Maximiliano Méndez García José Ignacio Duerto Mur Alberto Santos Conde

AQUACULTURE, SPAIN Maximiliano Méndez García José Ignacio Duerto Mur Alberto Santos Conde Different relief Capital: Madrid Citiziens: 47 million Area: 504.645 km2 Water:1,04 % Coast line: 4964 km CLIMATOLOGY

### Fisheries Control Regulations

Fisheries Control Regulations Traceability and consumer information requirements Note: These regulations include the consumer information requirements currently provided under Commission Regulation (EC)

### Change, Challenges and Opportunities for Wild Fisheries

Change, Challenges and Opportunities for Wild Fisheries Gunnar Knapp Professor of Economics University of Alaska Anchorage September 2002 This is a slightly modified version of a presentation which I gave

### Figure 1. Structure of Estonian commercial fishing and fish farming in 2011 (% of the total volume)

Estonia FISHERIES Estonia is a sea and coastal country on the Eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. The territory of Estonia is small 45 227 km 2 ; the length of our coastline, however, is 3794 km. Good location

### World Market Overview of Fish Meal and Fish Oil

Advances in Seafood Byproducts 11 Alaska Sea Grant College Program AK-SG-03-01, 2003 World Market Overview of Fish Meal and Fish Oil Stuart Barlow IFFO, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, U.K. Introduction IFFO

### 08 / Industriveien 18 Phone: N Kristiansund Fax:

Aquaculture Bulletin HEADLINES 08 / 2006 - a guideline for investors in the aquaculture business * Still high prices on the wholesale markets in the EU, with total supply of Atlantic salmon up with 4.6

### From Phosphorus to Fish: Beneficial Use of Excess Nutrients

FLOATINGISLANDINTERNATIONAL From Phosphorus to Fish: Beneficial Use of Excess Nutrients Project Location: Shepherd, Montana Fishing can be the primary method for transitioning excess nonpoint source nutrients

### Pangasius Catfish Production in Ponds with Soy-Based Feeds

Pangasius Catfish Production in Ponds with Soy-Based Feeds Results of ASA/China 2002 Feeding Trial 35-02-116 Michael C. Cremer, Zhang Jian and Zhou Enhua American Soybean Association Room 902, China World

### Figure 1. Structure of Estonian commercial fishing and fish farming in 2010 (% of the total volume)

Estonia FISHERIES Estonia is a sea and coastal country on the Eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. The territory of Estonia is small 45 227 km 2 the length of our coastline, however, is 3794 km. Good location

### Fish as food: aquaculture s contribution

EMBO reports Fish as food: aquaculture s contribution Ecological and economic impacts and contributions of fish farming and capture fisheries by James H. Tidwell & Geoff L. Allan Historically, the oceans

### Risk Evaluation of Norwegian Aquaculture and the new Traffic light system

Risk Evaluation of Norwegian Aquaculture and the new Traffic light system Geir Lasse Taranger Research director Aquaculture, marine environment and technology 1. Delimit regional production zones 2.Sustainability

### By Product Fish Fishery Assessment Data Gathering Guidance Document

By Product Fish Fishery Assessment Data Gathering Guidance Document IFFO RS STANDARD FOR MARINE INGREDIENTS BY PRODUCT FISHERY MATERIAL Where fish are processed for human consumption, there are often substantial

### BIM Annual. Aquaculture Survey

2014 BIM Annual Aquaculture Survey OVERVIEW Bord Iascaigh Mhara (BIM) the Irish seafood development agency carries out an annual survey of all licensed aquaculture producers within the Republic of Ireland.

### Seafood Watch Seafood Report

Seafood Watch Seafood Report Farmed Tilapia Oreochromis, Sarotherodon, Tilapia Image Monterey Bay Aquarium Final Report May 16, 2006 Appendix I & II December 23, 2009 Irene Tetreault Independent Consultant

### Improving SE Asian Fisheries

Improving SE Asian Fisheries Figure 1. Summary of resource rent (adjusted for subsidies) from current fisheries. Sumaila UR, Cheung W, Dyck A, Gueye K, et al. (2012) Benefits of Rebuilding Global Marine

### The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited. It takes guts: Transforming fish processing in NZ

It takes guts: Transforming fish processing in NZ Sue Marshall & Jacqui Day (PFR Seafood Technologies, Nelson) New Zealand Seafood Industry Conference, Wellington 19 August 2015 For comparison... Trident:

### PAN Share price Revenues

PAN Share price Revenues 7000 90,00 6000 5000 4000 80,00 70,00 60,00 50,00 3000 2000 1000 40,00 30,00 20,00 10,00 0 Dec 95 Dec 96 Dec 97 Dec 98 Dec 99 Dec 00 0,00 Pan Fish Growth Aquaculture has grown

### Norwegian fisheries and aquaculture management

Norwegian fisheries and aquaculture management Tromsø, 21. September2017 The Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries Minister of Trade and Industry Stat Sekretaries Political Adviser Minister of Fisheries

### WP2 ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE AND PRICES PAUL STEINAR VALLE KONTALI ANALYSE AS. Annual meeting, Vilanova, 2017

WP2 ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE AND PRICES PAUL STEINAR VALLE KONTALI ANALYSE AS Annual meeting, Vilanova, 2017 1950 1953 1956 1959 1962 1965 1968 1971 1974 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007

### SUBJECT: Provision of Fish or Gametes from the Provincial Fish Culture Program

SECTION: Aquaculture SUBSECTION: Source of Fish or Gametes SUBJECT: Provision of Fish or Gametes from the Provincial Fish Culture Program POLICY/PROCEDURE: FisPp.9.5.1 ISSUE DATE: August 2004 DEFINITIONS

### Exploring the Aquaculture Industry

Lesson B2 12 Exploring the Aquaculture Industry Unit B. Animal Science and the Industry Problem Area 2. Identifying and Understanding the Segments of the Animal Science Industry Lesson 12. Exploring the

### Chapter 15 : Fisheries and Aquaculture

Chapter 15 : Fisheries and Aquaculture identify the importance of marine ecosystems to Newfoundland and Labrador. Include: Note - oceans and greenhouse gas control : oceans surface (photic zone) abundant

### MALTA IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (2015, source: FAO and Eurostat) FISHING FLEET (2015, source: JRC and Annual Economic Report)

MALTA IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (015, source: FAO and Eurostat) ranked low in the EU both for fisheries and for aquaculture production. (1000 tonnes) World EU- % World % EU- Catches 104.635 5.144 0,0%

### Global Outlook for Agriculture Trend versus Cycle

Global Outlook for Agriculture Trend versus Cycle Michael Swanson Ph.D. Wells Fargo October 2017 Everything is connected we just don t see how. Connection corollary: Nothing natural moves in a straight

### Pangasius Catfish Production in LVHD Cages with a Soy-Based Feed

Pangasius Catfish Production in LVHD Cages with a Soy-Based Feed Results of ASA/China 2003 Feeding Trial 35-03-114 Michael C. Cremer, Zhang Jian and Zhou Enhua American Soybean Association Room 902, China

### Is the Use of Fishmeal and Fish Oil in Aquaculture Diets Sustainable?

Technote No: 124 June 2008 Is the Use of Fishmeal and Fish Oil in Aquaculture Diets Sustainable? G. Schipp, Manager Aquaculture, Fisheries, Darwin Aquaculture Centre INTRODUCTION The conversion of small

### Taiwan Tilapia Production Zone Exclusive for Exporting

Taiwan Tilapia Production Zone Exclusive for Exporting Fu-Sung (Frank) CHIANG, Ph.D. Professor, National Taiwan Ocean University Executive Director, Taiwan Tilapia Alliance Fu-Sung (Frank) Chiang! Consumer

### Supporting Online Material for

www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/330/6007/1052/dc1 Supporting Online Material for Genetically Modified Salmon and Full Impact Assessment Martin D. Smith,* Frank Asche, Atle G. Guttormsen, Jonathan B.

### Economic Modeling of Walleye and Hybrid Walleye Production Protocols

Economic Modeling of Walleye and Hybrid Walleye Production Protocols James A. Held Jim Held Consulting LLC Sun Prairie, WI Introduction Aquaculturists are considering two economically significant markets

### POLYCULTURE OF GRASS CARP AND NILE TILAPIA WITH NAPIER GRASS AS THE SOLE NUTRIENT INPUT IN THE SUBTROPICAL CLIMATE OF NEPAL

POLYCULTURE OF GRASS CARP AND NILE TILAPIA WITH NAPIER GRASS AS THE SOLE NUTRIENT INPUT IN THE SUBTROPICAL CLIMATE OF NEPAL Narayan P. Pandit, Madhav K. Shrestha* (IAAS, Nepal) Yang Yi (AIT, Thailand)

### FRANCE IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (2015, source: FAO and Eurostat) FISHING FLEET (2015, source: JRC and Annual Economic Report)

FRANCE IN THE WORLD AND IN THE EU (2015, source: FAO and Eurostat) France is the EU s 4th largest producer for fisheries and 3rd largest for aquaculture products. (1000 tonnes) World EU-28 France % World

### Aquaculture of the Tilapias. Barry A. Costa-Pierce University of New England Biddeford, Maine USA

Aquaculture of the Tilapias Barry A. Costa-Pierce University of New England Biddeford, Maine USA Dr. Ngege Social Ecology of Tilapia Aquaculture is Culture The common name tilapia is based on the name

### Mercury Levels in Commercial Fish and Shellfish

FISH 1 ATTACHMENT 4 FISH http://www.fda.gov/food/foodsafety/product- SpecificInformation/Seafood/FoodbornePathogensContaminants/Methylmercury/ucm115 644.htm Mercury Levels in Commercial Fish and Shellfish

### Preparation of this document

iii Preparation of this document This document reviews and analyses published literature, grey literature, and personal communications on the social, economic and environmental impacts of tilapias in the

### Fishmeal and fish oil fisheries current status and future opportuni5es. Anton Immink, Aquaculture Director Sustainable Fisheries Partnership

Fishmeal and fish oil fisheries current status and future opportuni5es Anton Immink, Aquaculture Director Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Who is SFP Non-profit/NGO created to educate and assist supply

### Wild caught sustainable seafood

Wild caught sustainable seafood Version March 2017 Responsible sourcing We are committed to the quality, integrity and long-term sustainability of the seafood we sell. Founded in 1880, initially trading

### Technical Briefing. Northern Cod (NAFO Div. 2J3KL) Newfoundland & Labrador March 23, 2018

Technical Briefing Northern Cod (NAFO Div. 2J3KL) Newfoundland & Labrador March 23, 2018 Outline Purpose of this briefing Science advice & the precautionary approach Summary of stock status How we estimate

### the welfare of fish in commercial fishing

the welfare of fish in commercial fishing Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Department of Commerce. Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Department of Commerce.

### Commercial Net Pen Salmon Farming in Washington State

Commercial Net Pen Salmon Farming in Washington State Icicle SeafoodsOverivew at a glance Icicle Seafoods Icicle is a leading harvester, producer and processor of diversified seafood products in North

### Potential strategies for managing tilapia production in the context of global warming: temperature effects & adaptation to salinity JF Baroiller,

Potential strategies for managing tilapia production in the context of global warming: temperature effects & adaptation to salinity JF Baroiller, Cirad-INTREPID CLIMATE CHANGE CONSTRAINTS ON AGRICULTURE,

Road Traffic Estimates Methodology Note An annual series of road traffic estimates are published by the Department for Transport, approximately 6 months after the end of the reference year. Data Collection

### UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level *5466176767* MARINE SCIENCE 9693/03 Structured Questions May/June 2011 Paper

### By Kanit Naksung, P.hD.

Gender Analysis in Aquaculture Value Chain: A Case Study of Tilapia Cage Culture in Sakon Nakhon, Thailand By Kanit Naksung, P.hD. Presented at the 5 th Global Symposium on Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries

### Feeding Tilapia in Intensive Recirculating Systems

NCRAC Extension Fact Sheets North Central Regional Aquaculture Center 8-2003 Feeding Tilapia in Intensive Recirculating Systems Marty Riche United States Department of Agriculture Donald Garling Michigan

### An overview of Albanian seafood industry

An overview of Albanian seafood industry 1. Structure and characteristics of the industry 1.1 Marine fisheries Marine capture fishery is the most important sector of the fisheries industry but lagoon and

### Wild caught sustainable seafood

Wild caught sustainable seafood Published November 2012 Responsible sourcing We are committed to the quality, integrity and long-term sustainability of the seafood we sell. Founded in 1880, initially trading

### MOFAD Fisheries Commission The State of Fisheries in Ghana Science and Fisheries Management

MOFAD The State of in Ghana Science and Management Najih Lazar Senior Advisor USAID/Sustainable Management Project (2015-2019) GOAL: To rebuild marine fisheries stocks and increase production through effective

### CHAPTER 10 TOTAL RECREATIONAL FISHING DAMAGES AND CONCLUSIONS

CHAPTER 10 TOTAL RECREATIONAL FISHING DAMAGES AND CONCLUSIONS 10.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter provides the computation of the total value of recreational fishing service flow losses (damages) through time

### TILAPIA: Profile and Economic Importance

Iowa State University From the SelectedWorks of Kurt A. Rosentrater October, 2010 TILAPIA: Profile and Economic Importance Kamal Mjoun, United States Department of Agriculture Kurt A. Rosentrater, United

### What are the threats to the oceans? Consequences. Four examples. Tuna

Conservation of the marine environment Dr. Katrina Mangin Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology mangin@email.arizona.edu What are the threats to the oceans? Over-fishing & over-harvesting Climate

### FAO Congress Director Spain; Hildegunn Fure Osmundsvåg 06/10/2017

FAO Congress 2017 Director Spain; Hildegunn Fure Osmundsvåg 06/10/2017 Kilde ; The institute of marine research 06.10.2017 Presentasjonstittel 2 The Norwegian Seafood Council Who are we? Established in

### CONTRIBUTION OF GENETIC IMPROVED STRAINS TO CHINESE TILAPIA INDUSTRY

8 th International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture 2008 213 CONTRIBUTION OF GENETIC IMPROVED STRAINS TO CHINESE TILAPIA INDUSTRY LI SI-FA AND CAI WAN-QI (Key Laboratory of Aquatic Genetic Resources

### Strategy for production and marketing of atlantic salmon and a comparison with the sea bass and sea bream industry

Strategy for production and marketing of atlantic salmon and a comparison with the sea bass and sea bream industry By: Bjørn Myrseth Vitamar A.S. E-mail: bjorn.myrseth@vitamar.no Telephone +4790554963

### MISSOURI FISH AND SEAFOOD CONSUMER STUDY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

MISSOURI FISH AND SEAFOOD CONSUMER STUDY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Missouri consumers answered 1,050 questionnaires in grocery stores and responded to 400 telephone surveys about their preferences and demands

### Seafood Watch Seafood Report

Seafood Watch Seafood Report Farmed Yellowtail Seriola spp. (Image Monterey Bay Aquarium) Japan and Australia Final Report October 22, 2008 Irene Tetreault Miranda, Ph.D. Independent Contractor and Corey

### CHAPTER 12: FISHERIES

CHAPTR 12: FIHRI I. Major issues A. B. fficient management based on biological growth function Common property problem: domestic and international dimensions 1. Whale hunting disputes 2. The tuna-dolphin

### Sharing The Fish Whose Fish? Bernie Walrut Barrister & Solicitor 43 Wright Street, Adelaide, South Australia

Sharing The Fish Whose Fish? Bernie Walrut Barrister & Solicitor 43 Wright Street, Adelaide, South Australia +61 412 288 163 bwalrut@bpwc.biz Overview Context - Basic Assumption in Allocation Issues -------------------------

### Common Resource Problem-Fishing

Common Resource Problem-Fishing Many examples exist of how overfishing has brought about the collapse of fisheries such as Canada s northern cod fishery, innumerable salmon fisheries, many shell- fish

### LEE COUNTY WOMEN S TENNIS LEAGUE

In order for the Lee County Women s Tennis League to successfully promote and equitably manage 2,500+ members and give all players an opportunity to play competitive tennis, it is essential to implement

### Use of biotechnology to improve muscle growth in aquaculture species: Preliminary results on the use of myostatin in tilapia

Nov. 12, 2011 HAAA Workshop Use of biotechnology to improve muscle growth in aquaculture species: Preliminary results on the use of myostatin in tilapia Yong Soo Kim, PhD Department of Human Nutrition,

### NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE STATEWIDE FISHERIES MANAGEMENT

NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE STATEWIDE FISHERIES MANAGEMENT FEDERAL AID JOB PROGRESS REPORTS F-20-52 2016 LAKE TAHOE WESTERN REGION NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE, FISHERIES DIVISION ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT

### Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill

Bulletin 1204 May 2013 Estimation of the Baseline for Assessment of Economic Impacts of the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill on Mississippi s Commercial Fishing Sector Discrimination based upon race, color, religion,

### Sustainable Fisheries and Seafood in the Gulf of Mexico. Damon C. Morris, Ph.D.

Sustainable Fisheries and Seafood in the Gulf of Mexico Damon C. Morris, Ph.D. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries 1857: First Conservation Law in Louisiana Passed 1909: Louisiana Board of Commissioners

### Course Website. WF4133 Fisheries Science. Syllabus overview. Announcements. etiquette. Course preliminaries 1/9/2018

WF4133 Fisheries Science Course Website https://mcolvin.github.io/wfa4133 Fisheries Science/ Module 1:Introduction to class, fisheries profession, & fisheries science Class 1 Announcements Syllabus overview

### Inside the United Kingdom Seafood Trade

International Markets Bureau MARKET INDICATOR REPORT JULY 2012 Inside the United Kingdom Seafood Trade Inside the United Kingdom Seafood Trade TRADE SUMMARY The United Kingdom (U.K.) is the eighth-largest

### Reef Fish Amendment 32 Gag and Red Grouper

AMENDMENT GUIDE 11/2/11 Reef Fish Amendment 32 Gag and Red Grouper Provisions in the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act require regional fishery management councils to develop annual

### TILAPIA AQUACULTURE 2016 AND WHERE WILL WE BE IN 2026

TILAPIA AQUACULTURE 2016 AND WHERE WILL WE BE IN 2026 Kevin Fitzsimmons, Ph.D. University of Arizona, Professor of Environmental Science World Aquaculture Society, Past-President Aquaculture without Frontiers,

### Vietnam Pangasius Industry TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE

Vietnam Pangasius Industry TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE Dr. Nguyen Huu Dzung Vice President Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP) ESE, Brussels Apr 25, 2012 Vietnam Fisheries Production

### Analysis of Catch and Effort Data for the Fisheries of Nkhata Bay, Lake Malawi,

Government of Malawi Department of Fisheries Analysis of Catch and Data for the Fisheries of Nkhata Bay, Lake Malawi, 1976-1999. G. Z. Kanyerere, W. Namoto & O.C. Mponda Fisheries Research Unit P.O. Box

### By far the majority of New Zealand s fisheries are performing well

The Status of New Zealand s Fisheries 214 February 215 Introduction This report summarises the status of New Zealand s fish stocks relative to the requirements of the Harvest Strategy Standard for New

### SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION. The main aim of the fish culture on commercial basis is to get

CHAPTER-8 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION The main aim of the fish culture on commercial basis is to get high and profitable fish yields. This can only be possible through sustainable management practices without

### Salmon age and size at maturity: Patterns and processes

Salmon age and size at maturity: Patterns and processes 1. Age Designation 2. Variation among populations 1. Latitude 2. Within regions 3. Within watersheds 3. Variation within populations 1. Smolt size