NATIONAL BIORESOURCE DEVELOPMENT BOARD Dept. of Biotechnology Government of India, New Delhi

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1 NATIONAL BIORESOURCE DEVELOPMENT BOARD Dept. of Biotechnology Government of India, New Delhi For office use: MARINE BIORESOURCES FORMS DATA ENTRY: Form- 1(general) (please answer only relevant fields; add additional fields if you require) Fauna: Flora Microorganisms General Category: Invertebrata (Zooplankton), Copepoda Scientific name &Authority: Euchirella messinensis (Claus)1863 Common Name (if available): Synonyms: Author(s) Status Undina messinensis Claus 1863 Euchirella messinensis Giesbrecht 1892 Classification: Phylum: Arthropoda Sub- Phylum Super class: Class: Crustacea Sub- Class: Copepoda (Milne-Edwards1840) Super Order: Gymnoplea Order: Calanoida (Sars1903) Super Family : Family: Aetideidae Sub-Family Genus: Euchirella Species: messinensis Authority: Claus Reference No.: Claus, C Die Frielenbenden Copepoden mit besonderer Beriicksichtigung der Fauna Deutschlands, der Nordsee und des Mittelmeeres. Leipzig, Engelmann. 230p. 37pls. Geographical Location: Tropical, subtropical and temperate parts of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans (Vervoort 1963). Latitude: 25 N-40 S Place: Indian Ocean. Longitude: 30 E-110 E State:

2 Environment Freshwater: Yes/ No Habitat: Marine Salinity: >35%o Brackish: Yes/No Migrations: Temperature: Salt Water: Yes Depth range : Mesopelagic Picture (scanned images or photographs of adult/larvalstages) Euchirella messinensis (After Bradford &Jillet, 1980) Female: A dorsal view, B lateral view of urosome, C basipod 1 of leg 4. Male: D lateral view, E leg 5.

3 DATA ENTRY FORM: Form 2 (Fish/ Shell fish/ Others ) Ref. No.: (Please answer only relevant fields; add additional fields if you require) Form- 1 IMPORTANCE Landing statistics (t/y): from to Place: Ref. No.: Main source of landing: Yes/ No Coast: east/ west Importance to fisheries: Main catching method: Used for aquaculture: yes/ never/ rarely Used as bait: yes/no/ occasionally Aquarium fish: yes/ no/ rarely Game fish: yes/ no Dangerous fish: poisonous/ harmful/ harmless Bioactivity: locally known/ reported/ not known Details: Period of availability: Throughout the year yes/ no If no, months: SALIENT FEATURES: Morphological: Diagnostic characteristics: Female: Prosome and pedigerous segment 1 fused, head rounded, without crest. Genital segment left side with sac-shaped protuberance on dorsal wall covering most of urosomal segment 2. Antenna 2 endopod one quarter length of exopod joint 2 with 5+4 setae. Posterior surface of leg 4 basipod 1 with two unequal spines, longest reaching articulation with basipod 2; one of these spines may be absent. Male: Prosome with small, more or less triangular crest. Left leg 5 exopod joint 3 does not reach first thickening on right leg endopod. (Vervoort 1952e, Sars 1925) Sex attributes: Descriptive characters:

4 Meristic characteristics: Feeding habit: Main food: Feeding type: Additional remarks: The male that Vervoort (1949, 1952e) and Park (1976b) attribute to E.messinensis has leg 5 slightly different from that figured by Claus (1863), Giesbrecht (1892) and Sars (1925). They figure E.messinensis with the exopod of left leg 5 extending at least to the first thickening on the right leg endopod. Size and age: Maximum length (cm) (male/ female/ unsexed) Female: mm Bradford &Jillet, 1980 Male : mm. Average length (cm) (male/female/unsexed) Maximum weight: (g) (male/female/unsexed) Average weight: (g) (male/female/unsexed) Ref. No Longevity (y) (wild): (captivity) Ref. No Length/ weight relation ships:

5 Eggs and larvae: Characteristics: Abundance: Biochemical aspects: Proximate analysis: moisture/ fat/ protein/ carbohydrate/ash Electrophoresis: SPAWNING INFORMATION: Locality:. Season: Fecundity: Comment: Main Ref: MAJOR PUBLICATIONS (INDIAN): (Include review articles, monographs, books etc.) Madhupratap, M.and P. Haridas, Epipelagic calanoid copepods of the Northern Indian Ocean. OCEANOLOGICA ACTA Vol. 9, No.2. LIST OF INDIAN EXPERTS (Name, address, phone, fax, etc.) Dr. Rosamma Stephen Scientist, National Institute of Oceanography Regional Centre, Kochi Phone: , Res Dr. M.Madhupratap Scientist BOD, National Institute of Oceanography Dona Paula, Goa Phone E mail- Dr. P.Haridas Scientist National Institute Of Oceanography Regional Centre, Kochi Phone E ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: (List of persons who contributed, modified or checked information)

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