NATIONAL BIORESOURCE DEVELOPMENT BOARD Dept. of Biotechnology Government of India, New Delhi

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1 NATIONAL BIORESOURCE DEVELOPMENT BOARD Dept. of Biotechnology Government of India, New Delhi MARINE BIORESOURCES FORMS DATA ENTRY: Form- 1(general ) (please answer only relevant fields;add additional fields if you require) Fauna : Flora Microorganisms General Category : Invertebrata (Zooplankton), Copepoda Scientific name &Authority : Pleuromamma xiphias (Giesbrecht) 1889 Common Name ( if available) : Synonyms: Author(s) Status Classification: For office use: Phylum: Arthropoda Super Class : Super Order: Gymnoplea Super Family: Genus : Pleuromamma Sub- Phylum Class : Crustacea Order: Calanoida (Sars1903) Family : Metridiidae Species : xiphias Sub- Class: Copepoda (Milne-Edwards,1840) Sub Order : Sub-Family: Authority: Giesbrecht Reference No. : Giesbrecht, W., Elenco dei Copepodi pelagici raccolti dal tenente di vascello Gaetano Chierchia durante il viaggio della R. Corvetta Vettor Pisani negli anni , e dal tenente di vascello Fancesco Orsini nel Mar Rosso, nel Atti Accad. Naz.Liucei Rc. 5, sem I: Geographical Location: Tropical and subtropical zones of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. In the North Pacific this species reaches the Californian coast and the southern Kuriles. Latitude: 25 N to 30 S Longitude: 20 E to 120 E Place: Indian Ocean State:

2 Environment Fresh water: Yes/ No Habitat : Marine Salinity : Brackish : Yes/ No Migrations : Temperature : Salt water : Yes / No Depth range : Mesopelagic Picture (scanned images or photographs of adult / larval stages) Pleuromamma xiphias After Rose, 1933 (Figs. a, c d & f) and after Brodskii, 1950 (Figs. b & e) Female: a dorsal view; b urosome; c leg 5. Male: d dorsal view; e urosome; f leg 5.

3 DATA ENTRY FORM: Form- 2(Fish / shellfish / others ) Ref.No.: (please answer only relevant fields ; add additional fields if you require) Form 1 Ref.No.: IMPORTANCE Landing statistics (t/y) : from to Place : Ref. No.: Main source of landing: Yes/ No Coast: east/ west Importance to fisheries: Main catching method : Used for aquaculture : yes/ never/ rarely Used as bait : yes/no/ occasionally Aquarium fish : yes/ no/ rarely Game fish : yes/ no Dangerous fish : poisonous/ harmful/ harmless Bioactivity : locally known/ reported/ not known Details: Period of availability : Throughout the year yes/ no If no, months: SALIENT FEATURES : Morphological: Diagnostic characteristics: Female: Resembles Pleuromamma abdominalis. Differs clearly in the out line of the head apex, which in front of the rostral base continues into a process bent slightly down ward. Male: Prosome apex, like wise with process; the latter, however, is directed forward, not downward. All other features as the preceding species. Sex attributes: Descriptive characters:

4 Meristic characteristics: Feeding habit: Main food : Feeding type : Additional remarks: Size and age: Maximum length (cm) (male / female/ unsexed) Female: mm Male : mm. Average length (cm) (male / female / unsexed) Maximum weight : (g) (male / female / unsexed) Average weight :(g) (male / female / unsexed) Longevity (y) (wild) : (captivity ) Length / weight relationalships: K.A.Brodskii, 1950

5 Eggs and larvae: Characteristics: Abundance: Biochemical aspects: Proximate analysis: moisture/ fat/ protein/ carbohydrate/ash Electrophoresis: SPAWNING INFORMATION: Locality: Season: Fecundity: Comment: MAJOR PUBLICATIONS (INDIAN): (include review articles, monographs, books etc.) Ref. No.: Ref. No. Ref. No. Main Ref: Sewell, R.B.S., The Free swimming Planktonic Copepoda. Systematic Account.The John Murray Expedition , Scientific Reports. Vol.VIII, No.1. Madhupratap, M. and P. Haridas, Epipelagic calanoid copepods of the Northern Indian Ocean. OCEANOLOGICA ACTA, 9 (2): Saraswathy, M., Pleuromamma (Copepoda, Calanoida) in the Indian Ocean. Mahasagar Bull. Of the Nat. Inst. Oceanogr. 19: LIST OF INDIAN EXPERTS (Name, address, phone, fax, etc.) Dr. P.Haridas Scientist National Institute Of Oceanography Regional Centre, Kochi Phone E Dr. M.Madhupratap Scientist BOD, National Institute of Oceanography Dona Paula, Goa Phone E mail- Dr. M. Saraswathy Maruthuvallil House Pallikkal P.O Kattanam Kayamkulam Kerala ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: (List of persons who contributed, modified or checked information)

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