NOAA/NSTA Web Seminar: Coral Ecosystems: Impacts to Coral Reefs

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1 LIVE INTERACTIVE YOUR DESKTOP NOAA/NSTA Web Seminar: Coral Ecosystems: Impacts to Coral Reefs Thursday, April 10, 2008

2 1 Impacts to Coral Reefs Presented by: Kelly Drinnen, Education Specialist NOAA s Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary

3 2 Impacts to Coral Reefs Watersheds We all live upstream!

4 Which watershed are you in? A B D C Map Courtesy of EPA

5 4 Why should you care? 1. You live here 2. Coral reefs are here 3. What happens to the water in between is up to you!

6 5 Watershed Impacts Sedimentation Pollution Salinity Debris

7 After Hurricane Rita 6

8 7 What Can You do? Keep soil anchored with vegetation Minimize use of fertilizers and pesticides Dispose of trash properly Conserve water Recycle

9 8 Let s pause for two questions

10 9 Impacts to Coral Reefs Animal Influences Let the Competition Begin!

11 What caused the damage to this coral? Sea Urchin 10 Sea Turtle Fish Cheese Grater

12 11 Grazers & Farmers Parrotfish Damselfish Photos: Joyce & Frank Burek

13 12 Munchers & Weeders Crown of Thorns Sea Star Sea Urchin Photo: FGBNMS

14 13 Invasive Species Orange Cup Coral Pacific Thecacera Lionfish Photo: NOAA Photos: Joyce & Frank Burek

15 14 Introduced Species Yellow Tail Snapper Sergeant Major Photo: Joyce & Frank Burek Photo: FKNMS

16 15 How Should Invasive Species 1. be Managed? 2. 3.

17 16 Impacts to Coral Reefs Recreation Leave Only Bubbles!

18 17 Diving & Snorkeling Animal Contact Equipment Photo: FGBNMS Photo: Wicksten

19 18 Sailing/Boating Anchoring Running Aground Discharge Brown, brown, run aground, White, white, you might, Green, green, nice and clean, Blue, blue, sail on through. Images & Verse Courtesy of: FKNMS

20 19 Treasure Hunting Destruction Sedimentation Bright Bank, NW Gulf of Mexico Photos: IFE/URIIAO

21 20 What Can You Do? Be aware of your environment Don t anchor on the reef Control your buoyancy Take only pictures Know the rules Don t touch

22 21 Let s pause for two questions

23 22 Impacts to Coral Reefs Industry Cooperation & Collaboration

24 23 Fishing Methods Nets/trawls Cyanide Dynamite Species Abundance Photo: Joyce & Frank Burek

25 24 Fishing Derelict Nets and Ropes NMFS PIFSC CRED

26 25 Shipping Groundings Anchoring Tow Lines Discharge Debris Photos: FKNMS

27 26 Oil & Gas Spills Waste Materials Extraction Artificial Reefs

28 27 What Can You Do? Report dumping or other illegal activities oil slicks or spills anchored vessels Make informed purchases

29 28 Impacts to Coral Reefs Environmental Stress What Next?

30 29 Storms Wind & Waves Photos: Joyce & Frank Burek

31 30 Temperature Photo: NOAA Bleaching Photos: Joyce & Frank Burek FGBNMS

32 Let s check out how bleaching conditions are monitored

33 32 Satellite Info... TUTORIAL:

34 33 Satellite Info... ED MATERIALS:

35 34 Unknown Pathogens Black Band Disease Yellow Band Disease Photos: NOAA

36 35 What Can We Do? Manage what we can control to reduce stressors on reefs so that they have a better chance to cope with whatever comes their way

37 Natural Impacts Animals Watersheds Weather Disease 36 Shipping Oil & Gas Recreation Fishing Human Impacts

38 From Impacts to 37 Interventions: We all make a Difference! Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary

39 Thanks to our presenter, Kelly Drinnen, and to NOAA

40

41

42 National Science Teachers Association Gerry Wheeler, Executive Director Frank Owens, Associate Executive Director Conferences and Programs Al Byers, Assistant Executive Director e-learning NSTA Web Seminars Flavio Mendez, Director Jeff Layman, Technical Coordinator LIVE INTERACTIVE YOUR DESKTOP

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