STURGEON - CASPIAN SEA

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "STURGEON - CASPIAN SEA"

Transcription

1 STURGEON - CASPIAN SEA Huso huso (Beluga Sturgeon), Acipenser stellatus (Stellate Sturgeon), Acipenser gueldenstaedti (Russian Sturgeon), Acipenser persicus (Persian Sturgeon), Acipenser nudiventris (Ship Sturgeon) Sometimes known as European Sturgeon (Beluga Sturgeon), Giant Sturgeon (Beluga Sturgeon), Great Sturgeon (Beluga Sturgeon), Osetra caviar (Russian Sturgeon, Persian Sturgeon), Sevruga caviar (Stellate Sturgeon), Starry Sturgeon (Stellate Sturgeon) SUMMARY With a lifespan up to 100 years, Beluga Sturgeon are naturally vulnerable to fishing pressure. Poor management, overfishing, pollution, and habitat destruction have contributed to severe population declines of this and other Caspian Sea Sturgeon species. The high value of caviar has posed a major obstacle to stemming illegal trade in caviar. Criterion Points Final Score Color Life History Abundance Habitat Quality and Fishing Gear Impacts Management 0.50 Bycatch 1.50 Final Score 0.80 Color

2 LIFE HISTORY Core Points (only one selection allowed) If a value for intrinsic rate of increase ( r ) is known, assign the score below based on this value. If no r-value is available, assign the score below for the correct age at 50% maturity for females if specified, or for the correct value of growth rate ('k'). If no estimates of r, age at 50% maturity, or k are available, assign the score below based on maximum age Intrinsic rate of increase <0.05; OR age at 50% maturity >10 years; OR growth rate <0.15; OR maximum age >30 years. Historically, most of the world's Sturgeon were caught in Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Iran, with the remainder coming from China, Romania, the United States, Canada and other nations (Speer et al. 2000). The species that reside in the Caspian Sea are Beluga, Russian, Stellate, Persian and Ship Sturgeons (Speer et al. 2000). There are no estimates of intrinsic rate of increase for these species, and only some values of the other factors were available for the different species. Beluga Sturgeon: k = 0.1, age at maturity is years, and maximum age is 100 years. Stellate Sturgeon: k = 0.06 and age at maturity is 9 years. Ship Sturgeon: k = , maximum age is 30. Russian Sturgeon mature at 11 years (Fishbase 2004) Intrinsic rate of increase = ; OR age at 50% maturity = 5-10 years; OR a growth rate = ; OR maximum age = years Intrinsic rate of increase >0.16; OR age at 50% maturity = 1-5 years; OR growth rate >0.30; OR maximum age <11 years. Points of Adjustment (multiple selections allowed) Species has special behaviors that make it especially vulnerable to fishing pressure (e.g., spawning aggregations; site fidelity; segregation by sex; migratory bottlenecks; unusual attraction to gear; etc.). Caspian Sea Sturgeon spawn in the rivers that feed into the Caspian Sea. Larvae migrate to the sea, where they live until they mature. Mature females migrate back to their river of origin (Speer et al. 2000), and are easily targeted on their journey up-river Species has a strategy for sexual development that makes it especially vulnerable to fishing pressure (e.g., age at 50% maturity >20 years; sequential hermaphrodites; extremely low fecundity). Spawning is infrequent. Beluga Sturgeon spawn only once every 3-4 years (Billard and Lecointre 2001). Persian Sturgeon spawn every 4-6 years (CEP 2004). Ship Sturgeon

3 spawn every 2-3 years (CEP 2004). Stellate Sturgeon females spawn every 3-4 years. Russian Sturgeon males spawn every 2-3 years, and females every 5 years (Billard and Lecointre 2001) Species has a small or restricted range (e.g., endemism; numerous evolutionarily significant units; restricted to one coastline; e.g., American lobster; striped bass; endemic reef fishes). These species are all restricted to a small range, mostly in the Black and Caspian Seas, and a few are found in the Azov Sea (Fishbase 2004) Species exhibits high natural population variability driven by broad-scale environmental change (e.g. El Nino; decadal oscillations) Species does not have special behaviors that increase ease or population consequences of capture OR has special behaviors that make it less vulnerable to fishing pressure (e.g., species is widely dispersed during spawning) Species has a strategy for sexual development that makes it especially resilient to fishing pressure (e.g., age at 50% maturity <1 year; extremely high fecundity) Species is distributed over a very wide range (e.g., throughout an entire hemisphere or ocean basin; e.g., swordfish; tuna; Patagonian toothfish) Species does not exhibit high natural population variability driven by broad-scale environmental change (e.g., El Nino; decadal oscillations) Points for Life History

4 ABUNDANCE Core Points (only one selection allowed) Compared to natural or un-fished level, the species population is: 1.00 Low: Abundance or biomass is <75% of BMSY or similar proxy (e.g., spawning potential ratio). Although there are no estimates of BMSY, abundance of Sturgeon in the Caspian Sea is well below historic levels. Beluga is on the decline in the Black Sea. In the Danube River, the last major spawning river for Beluga in this region, the species is considered vulnerable in the lower reaches, critically endangered in the middle reaches, and extirpated from the upper reaches. Beluga is on the verge of extinction in the Sea of Azov (Caviar Emptor 2004b). In the 1980s, the abundance of Beluga Sturgeon in the Caspian sea was over 18 million individuals. In 1999, abundance had dropped to 8 million individuals, according to the Caspian Environment Programme (2004). Some groups estimate that this value is even lower (Anon. 2004). Abundance of Stellate Sturgeon decreased from 30.1 million individuals in 1991 to 13.9 million individuals in 1999 (CEP 2004). Abundance of Russian Sturgeon in the Caspian Sea declined to 29.2 million specimens in 1999, as compared with 60.5 million specimens in 1978 (CEP 2004). Hatchery-reared fish are being released into the wild to supplement wild populations. For example, about 30% of the Stellate Sturgeon in the Caspian Sea and all in the Sea of Azov were hatchery born in the early 1990s; and a full 96% of Beluga Sturgeon in the Volga River in 2001 were thought to be from hatcheries (CITES 2000). These restocking programs are not successfully replenishing natural or sustainable populations of Sturgeon in the region, nor are hatchery-born fished considered an adequate replacement for healthy wild populations Medium: Abundance or biomass is % of BMSY or similar proxy; OR population is approaching or recovering from an overfished condition; OR adequate information on abundance or biomass is not available High: Abundance or biomass is >125% of BMSY or similar proxy. Points of Adjustment (multiple selections allowed) The population is declining over a generational time scale (as indicated by biomass estimates or standardized CPUE). The populations of these species have been declining. Catches in the late 1990's were about 1,000 tons per year, compared with over 20,000 tons per year in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (Speer et al. 2000). The number of Beluga Sturgeon entering Russia's Volga River to spawn dropped from 26,000 annually during to 7,000 in the

5 period. One source indicates that during , an average of only 2,800 individuals were observed (Caviar Emptor 2004b). CITES quotas for Sturgeon catch and caviar export have progressively been lowered since listing Sturgeons under Appendix II as species that may become threatened with extinction if trade is not strictly regulated. The only species for which quotas increased was Persian Sturgeon (CITES Quotas 2003) Age, size or sex distribution is skewed relative to the natural condition (e.g., truncated size/age structure or anomalous sex distribution). Populations of these Sturgeon species have distorted age distributions. For example, there has been no catch of Stellate females over 25 years old or males over 21 years in recent years (CEP 2004). A survey conducted in 2002 by the Caspian Environment Programme (CEP) found only 28 Sturgeon over the entire survey region, of which 85 percent were immature (Caviar Emptor 2004a). Data presented in Billard and Lecointre (2001), indicate that longevity of Sturgeon is presently lower than historical life spans. For example, Beluga Sturgeon can live to over 100 years old, and currently their longevity is estimated at Species is listed as "overfished" OR species is listed as "depleted", "endangered", or "threatened" by recognized national or international bodies. The World Conservation Union (IUCN) lists all 5 of these species as 'Endangered' (IUCN 2003). In April, 2004, the U.S. listed beluga caviar as 'Threatened with Extinction' as defined by the Endangered Species Act (Fed. Reg. 2004). All Sturgeons are listed under Appendix II of CITES as species that may become threatened with extinction if trade is not strictly regulated (2004) Current levels of abundance are likely to jeopardize the availability of food for other species or cause substantial change in the structure of the associated food web The population is increasing over a generational time scale (as indicated by biomass estimates or standardized CPUE) Age, size or sex distribution is functionally normal Species is close to virgin biomass Current levels of abundance provide adequate food for other predators or are not known to affect the structure of the associated food web Points for Abundance

6 HABITAT QUALITY AND FISHING GEAR IMPACTS Core Points (only one selection allowed) Select the option that most accurately describes the effect of the fishing method upon the habitat that it affects 1.00 The fishing method causes great damage to physical and biogenic habitats (e.g., cyanide; blasting; bottom trawling; dredging) The fishing method does moderate damage to physical and biogenic habitats (e.g., bottom gillnets; traps and pots; bottom longlines). Riverine beach seines and fixed nets are used to harvest Sturgeons (CEP 2004). The only legal method to catch fish in the commercial fishery is a 'sweep net,' which is a bottom net which is stretched across the river, and hauled in several times a day (Speer et al. 2004; CITES 2000). In Iran, gillnets are used at the mouths of the river, and scientific trawl surveys may contribute to catch (Anonymous, pers. comm. 2004) The fishing method does little damage to physical or biogenic habitats (e.g., hand picking; hand raking; hook and line; pelagic long lines; mid-water trawl or gillnet; purse seines). Points of Adjustment (multiple selections allowed) Habitat for this species is so compromised from non-fishery impacts that the ability of the habitat to support this species is substantially reduced (e.g., dams; pollution; coastal development). Caspian Sturgeon historically spawned in the Volga, Ural, Kura, Terek and Sulak rivers, but dams have since been constructed on all but the Ural River. The Ural River is now the only river where Sturgeon reproduce naturally, without the aid of hatchery-bred fish. The construction of the Volgograd dam has blocked about 85% of the spawning ground on the Volga River, which was historically the most important river for Caspian Sea Sturgeons. In addition to dams, pollution from coastal development and industry has substantially impacted water quality in the Caspian Sea (Speer et al. 2000). Levels of organochlorine (PCB's, DDT, etc.) were found to be high in all species of Sturgeon in the Caspian Sea (Caviar Emptor 2004b) Critical habitat areas (e.g., spawning areas) for this species are not protected by management using time/area closures, marine reserves, etc. Critical habitat areas are not protected (Speer et al. 2000; Speer, pers. comm. 2004).

7 -0.25 No efforts are being made to minimize damage from existing gear types OR new or modified gear is increasing habitat damage (e.g., fitting trawls with roller rigs or rockhopping gear; more robust gear for deep-sea fisheries) If gear impacts are substantial, resilience of affected habitats is very slow (e.g., deep water corals; rocky bottoms) Habitat for this species remains robust and viable and is capable of supporting this species Critical habitat areas (e.g., spawning areas) for this species are protected by management using time/area closures, marine reserves, etc Gear innovations are being implemented over a majority of the fishing area to minimize damage from gear types OR no innovations necessary because gear effects are minimal If gear impacts are substantial, resilience of affected habitats is fast (e.g., mud or sandy bottoms) OR gear effects are minimal Points for Habitat Quality and Fishing Gear Impacts MANAGEMENT Core Points (only one selection allowed) Select the option that most accurately describes the current management of the fisheries of this species Regulations are ineffective (e.g., illegal fishing or overfishing is occurring) OR the fishery is unregulated (i.e., no control rules are in effect). Local management agencies around the Caspian Sea have not been effective at Sturgeon conservation efforts (Caviar Emptor 2004a; Speer, pers. comm. 2004). In addition, illegal fishing is occurring on a large scale. In 2000, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service estimated that half of the world's caviar trade was illegal (Speer et al. 2000). There are no coordinated plans in place, and no sustainability goals. There are export limits in place, but they account for only 10% of actual exports (Speer, pers. comm. 2004).

8 CITES has implemented two bans on caviar exports from the Caspian Sea, for 6 months in 2001, and for 3 weeks in Neither of these bans has had any conservation impact, as Sturgeon are a long-lived species that will require many years to recover (Caviar Emptor 2004a). Despite listing Beluga Sturgeon as threatened, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife has not implemented a ban on imports of Beluga caviar (Caviar Emptor 2004a). On September 1, 2004, CITES again halted global trade of most caviar, including Beluga Sturgeon (Caviar Emptor 2004c). Whether this ban will lead to a recovery of Sturgeon populations remains to be determined, depending on if the ban is well enforced, and if it remains in place for long enough to allow recovery Management measures are in place over a major portion over the species' range but implementation has not met conservation goals OR management measures are in place but have not been in place long enough to determine if they are likely to achieve conservation and sustainability goals Substantial management measures are in place over a large portion of the species range and have demonstrated success in achieving conservation and sustainability goals. Points of Adjustment (multiple selections allowed) There is inadequate scientific monitoring of stock status, catch or fishing effort. The five range States of the Caspian Sea have committed to cooperating on research and assessment efforts. They are supposed to develop an internationally acceptable stock assessment and monitoring system and a transparent, robust and internationally acceptable method for deriving catch and export quotas from stock monitoring data (CITES 2003). There is major discrepancy between the results analyzed by the fishing nations and used to determine quotas, and the analysis by conservation organizations (CITES 2003; Caviar Emptor 2004a). Current assessments are considered to be flawed (Speer, pers. comm. 2004) Management does not explicitly address fishery effects on habitat, food webs, and ecosystems This species is overfished and no recovery plan or an ineffective recovery plan is in place. These species are overfished, but there are no recovery plans in place (Speer et al. 2004) Management has failed to reduce excess capacity in this fishery or implements subsidies that result in excess capacity in this fishery.

9 +0.25 There is adequate scientific monitoring, analysis and interpretation of stock status, catch and fishing effort Management explicitly and effectively addresses fishery effects on habitat, food webs, and ecosystems This species is overfished and there is a recovery plan (including benchmarks, timetables and methods to evaluate success) in place that is showing signs of success OR recovery plan is not needed Management has taken action to control excess capacity or reduce subsidies that result in excess capacity OR no measures are necessary because fishery is not overcapitalized Points for Management BYCATCH Core Points (only one selection allowed) Select the option that most accurately describes the current level of bycatch and the consequences that result from fishing this species. The term, "bycatch" used in this document excludes incidental catch of a species for which an adequate management framework exists. The terms, "endangered, threatened, or protected," used in this document refer to species status that is determined by national legislation such as the U.S. Endangered Species Act, the U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act (or another nation's equivalent), the IUCN Red List, or a credible scientific body such as the American Fisheries Society Bycatch in this fishery is high (>100% of targeted landings), OR regularly includes a "threatened, endangered or protected species." 2.00 Bycatch in this fishery is moderate (10-99% of targeted landings) AND does not regularly include "threatened, endangered or protected species" OR level of bycatch is unknown. The level of bycatch is unknown (Speer, pers. comm. 2004) Bycatch in this fishery is low (<10% of targeted landings) and does not regularly include "threatened, endangered or protected species."

10 Points of Adjustment (multiple selections allowed) Bycatch in this fishery is a contributing factor to the decline of "threatened, endangered, or protected species" and no effective measures are being taken to reduce it Bycatch of targeted or non-targeted species (e.g., undersize individuals) in this fishery is high and no measures are being taken to reduce it. While there are no precise estimates of bycatch, a large number of males, juveniles, and other fish species are taken in the nets (Speer, pers. comm. 2004) Bycatch of this species (e.g., undersize individuals) in other fisheries is high OR bycatch of this species in other fisheries inhibits its recovery, and no measures are being taken to reduce it. There is insufficient data available to determine this The continued removal of the bycatch species contributes to its decline. The take of male and juvenile Sturgeon contributes to the decline of the species (Speer, pers. comm. 2004) Measures taken over a major portion of the species range have been shown to reduce bycatch of "threatened, endangered, or protected species" or bycatch rates are no longer deemed to affect the abundance of the "protected" bycatch species OR no measures needed because fishery is highly selective (e.g., harpoon; spear) There is bycatch of targeted (e.g., undersize individuals) or non-targeted species in this fishery and measures (e.g., gear modifications) have been implemented that have been shown to reduce bycatch over a large portion of the species range OR no measures are needed because fishery is highly selective (e.g., harpoon; spear) Bycatch of this species in other fisheries is low OR bycatch of this species in other fisheries inhibits its recovery, but effective measures are being taken to reduce it over a large portion of the range The continued removal of the bycatch species in the targeted fishery has had or will likely have little or no impact on populations of the bycatch species OR there are no significant bycatch concerns because the fishery is highly selective (e.g., harpoon; spear) Points for Bycatch

11 REFERENCES Anonymous. Personal Communication. July Billard, Roland and Guillaume Lecointre. Biology and conservation of Sturgeon and paddlefish. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 10: 355 C392, 2001.Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Caspian Environment Programme. Caspian Sea Biodiversity Database. Online at: Accessed 2 August Caviar Emptor. 2004a. Protecting Endangered Beluga Sturgeon: Timeline. Available online at: July, Caviar Emptor. 2004b. Current Status of Beluga Sturgeon: Summary of Scientific Literature. Available online at: Accesed July 30, Caviar Emptor. 2004c. Breaking News: Wildlife Officials Shut Down Global Caviar Trade. Available online at Accessed 2 September, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). UNEP-WCMC. 2 September, UNEP-WCMC Species Database: CITES-Listed Species Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Caspian Sturgeon Catch and Caviar Export Quotas for Available online at: Accessed 2 September Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Current Trends in the Huso huso fishery in the Caspian Sea and the Beluga Catch and Export Quotas for Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Sixteenth Meeting of the CITES Animals Committee Shepherdstown (United States of America) December Federal Register: Final Determination of Threatened Status for the Beluga Sturgeon (Huso huso). April 21, Volume 69, Number 7. Available online at: Accessed July 30, Fishbase Available online at IUCN IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 29 July 2004.

12 Speer, Lisa (Natural Resources Defense Council), Liz Lauck and Ellen Pikitch, Ph.D. (Wildlife Conservation Society), and Susan Boa, Lisa Dropkin and Vikki Spruill (SeaWeb). The Decline of the Caspian Sea Sturgeon and the Road to Recovery. December 2000 Speer, Lisa. National Resources Defense Council. Personal Communication. 2 August 2004.

CERO MACKEREL. Scomberomorous regalis. Sometimes known as Painted Mackerel, Saba SUMMARY

CERO MACKEREL. Scomberomorous regalis. Sometimes known as Painted Mackerel, Saba SUMMARY CERO MACKEREL Scomberomorous regalis Sometimes known as Painted Mackerel, Saba SUMMARY Cero Mackerel inhabit coastal waters from New England to Brazil; however they are primarily associated with reefs

More information

Lepidopsetta bilineata (Southern Rock Sole), Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern Rock Sole)

Lepidopsetta bilineata (Southern Rock Sole), Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern Rock Sole) ROCK SOLE, SOUTHERN AND NORTHERN Lepidopsetta bilineata (Southern Rock Sole), Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern Rock Sole) Sometimes known as Broadfin Sole, Rock Flounder, Roughback Sole, Roughscale Sole

More information

SWORDFISH ATLANTIC OCEAN. Xiphias gladius. Sometimes known as Broadbill, Espada, Emperado, Shutome SUMMARY

SWORDFISH ATLANTIC OCEAN. Xiphias gladius. Sometimes known as Broadbill, Espada, Emperado, Shutome SUMMARY SWORDFISH ATLANTIC OCEAN Xiphias gladius Sometimes known as Broadbill, Espada, Emperado, Shutome SUMMARY Swordfish are large, migratory fish found in temperate and tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific

More information

The Common Wild Capture Fishery Methodology 1

The Common Wild Capture Fishery Methodology 1 The Common Wild Capture Fishery Methodology 1 Methodology developed with scientific advice from Thünen Institute of Baltic Sea Fisheries Version 4.01 Unit of Assessment Scientific Name English Name (FAO)

More information

CHUM SALMON - BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA. Oncorhynchus keta. Sometimes known as Dog Salmon, Calico Salmon SUMMARY

CHUM SALMON - BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA. Oncorhynchus keta. Sometimes known as Dog Salmon, Calico Salmon SUMMARY CHUM SALMON - BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA Oncorhynchus keta Sometimes known as Dog Salmon, Calico Salmon SUMMARY Chum Salmon is an anadromous fish, meaning it migrates from freshwaters to ocean waters to

More information

CHUM SALMON - WASHINGTON STATE. Oncorhynchus keta. Sometimes known as Dog Salmon, Calico Salmon SUMMARY

CHUM SALMON - WASHINGTON STATE. Oncorhynchus keta. Sometimes known as Dog Salmon, Calico Salmon SUMMARY CHUM SALMON - WASHINGTON STATE Oncorhynchus keta Sometimes known as Dog Salmon, Calico Salmon SUMMARY Chum Salmon is an anadromous fish, meaning it migrates from freshwaters to ocean waters to feed for

More information

Yellowfin Tuna, Indian Ocean, Troll/ pole and line

Yellowfin Tuna, Indian Ocean, Troll/ pole and line Yellowfin Tuna, Indian Ocean, Troll/ pole and line Yellowfin Tuna, Indian Ocean, Troll/ pole and line Content last updated 7th Mar 2017 Stock: Indian Ocean Management: Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Overview

More information

Fisheries and Conservation

Fisheries and Conservation Fisheries and Conservation 1. Threatened fishes 2. Habitat loss and modification 3. Species introduction 4. Pollution 5. Commercial exploitation and fisheries Threatened Fishes IUCN listed +1100 spp of

More information

North and South Atlantic Handline, Harpoons

North and South Atlantic Handline, Harpoons Swordfish Xiphias gladius Monterey Bay Aquarium North and South Atlantic Handline, Harpoons Fisheries Standard Version F2 April 3, 2017 Seafood Watch Consulting Researcher Disclaimer Seafood Watch strives

More information

SARDINES EAST ATLANTIC (excluding the Mediterranean Sea) Sardina pilchardus. Sometimes known as European pilchard SUMMARY

SARDINES EAST ATLANTIC (excluding the Mediterranean Sea) Sardina pilchardus. Sometimes known as European pilchard SUMMARY SARDINES EAST ATLANTIC (excluding the Mediterranean Sea) Sardina pilchardus Sometimes known as European pilchard SUMMARY Sardines are a pelagic, schooling fish (meaning they swim in groups near the surface)

More information

CITES World. Official Newsletter of the Parties

CITES World. Official Newsletter of the Parties CITES World Official Newsletter of the Parties Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Issue Number 8 - December 2001 A new focus for CITES World Five spoons

More information

Michael Tehan, Assistant Regional Administrator, Interior Columbia Basin Office

Michael Tehan, Assistant Regional Administrator, Interior Columbia Basin Office UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE Northwest Fisheries Science Center Fish Ecology Division 2725 Montlake Boulevard East

More information

Zdravko Yonchev SUMMARY DCP Saving. together possible TM

Zdravko Yonchev SUMMARY DCP Saving. together possible TM Zdravko Yonchev SUMMARY DCP 2016 Saving STURGEONS together possible TM STURGEONS: AN ENDANGERED TREASURE 2 1 5 4 3 6 7 9 8 STURGEON RANGE 1 Sturgeons, a group of migratory fish, originated over 200 million

More information

North and South Atlantic Pelagic longline Fisheries Standard Version F2

North and South Atlantic Pelagic longline Fisheries Standard Version F2 Albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) Bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) Swordfish (Xiphias gladius) Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) Monterey Bay Aquarium North and South Atlantic Pelagic longline Fisheries Standard

More information

Overfishing Atlantic Bluefin Tuna

Overfishing Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Overfishing Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Brett Ducker FOR3202 April 9, 2016 A recently released report by the World Wildlife Fund found that more than 85% of the worlds fisheries are being illegally overfished

More information

Bigeye tuna, Skipjack tuna, Yellowfin tuna

Bigeye tuna, Skipjack tuna, Yellowfin tuna Bigeye tuna, Skipjack tuna, Yellowfin tuna Thunnus obesus, Katsuwonus pelamis, and Thunnus albacares Image Monterey Bay Aquarium Western Central Pacific Ocean Handline, Troll/Pole Disclaimer August 17,

More information

Northeast Atlantic Mackerel, Handlines

Northeast Atlantic Mackerel, Handlines Northeast Atlantic Mackerel, Handlines Northeast Atlantic Mackerel, Handlines Content last updated 3rd Apr 2017 Stock: Mackerel (Scomber scombrus) in subareas 1 7 and 14, and in divisions 8.a e and 9.a

More information

RED MULLET NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, BOTTOM GILLNET CAUGHT

RED MULLET NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, BOTTOM GILLNET CAUGHT RED MULLET NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, BOTTOM GILLNET CAUGHT Mullus surmuletus Sometimes known as Striped Red Mullet SUMMARY Red Mullet are found in the Northeast Atlantic from the North Sea to the northwestern

More information

Seafood Watch Standard for Fisheries

Seafood Watch Standard for Fisheries 1 Seafood Watch Standard for Fisheries Table of Contents Table of Contents... 1 Introduction... 2 Seafood Watch Guiding Principles... 3 Seafood Watch Criteria and Scoring Methodology for Fisheries... 5

More information

Blackfin tuna, Bigeye tuna, Skipjack tuna, Yellowfin tuna. Thunnus atlanticus, Thunnus obesus, Katsuwonus pelamis, Thunnus albacares

Blackfin tuna, Bigeye tuna, Skipjack tuna, Yellowfin tuna. Thunnus atlanticus, Thunnus obesus, Katsuwonus pelamis, Thunnus albacares Blackfin tuna, Bigeye tuna, Skipjack tuna, Yellowfin tuna Thunnus atlanticus, Thunnus obesus, Katsuwonus pelamis, Thunnus albacares Image Monterey Bay Aquarium Atlantic Troll/Pole, Handline Disclaimer

More information

Use of hatcheries to increase production of sea cucumbers

Use of hatcheries to increase production of sea cucumbers Secretariat of the Pacific Community 6 th SPC Heads of Fisheries Meeting (9 13 February 2009, Noumea, New Caledonia) Background Paper 4 Original: English Use of hatcheries to increase production of sea

More information

Arctic Frontiers, Tromsø, January 24 th Thorbjørn Thorvik, Senior adviser. The Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries.

Arctic Frontiers, Tromsø, January 24 th Thorbjørn Thorvik, Senior adviser. The Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries. Sustainable harvesting at lower trophic levels: The Norwegian management plan for Calanus finmarchicus and the framework for utilizing mesopelagic species Thorbjørn Thorvik, Senior adviser. The Norwegian

More information

Seafood Watch Standard for Fisheries

Seafood Watch Standard for Fisheries 1 Seafood Watch Standard for Fisheries Table of Contents Table of Contents... 1 Introduction... 2 Seafood Watch Guiding Principles... 3 Seafood Watch Criteria and Scoring Methodology for Fisheries... 5

More information

EVALUATION OF ATLANTIC STURGEON (ACIPENSER OXYRINCHUS) FROM THE BAY OF FUNDY POPULATION TO INFORM A CITES NON-DETRIMENT FINDING

EVALUATION OF ATLANTIC STURGEON (ACIPENSER OXYRINCHUS) FROM THE BAY OF FUNDY POPULATION TO INFORM A CITES NON-DETRIMENT FINDING Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Science Advisory Report 2013/047 EVALUATION OF ATLANTIC STURGEON (ACIPENSER OXYRINCHUS) FROM THE BAY OF FUNDY POPULATION TO INFORM A CITES NON-DETRIMENT FINDING Edmonson

More information

Sometimes known as Ocean Barracuda, Ono, Pacific Kingfish, Malata Kingfish, Queen Fish

Sometimes known as Ocean Barracuda, Ono, Pacific Kingfish, Malata Kingfish, Queen Fish WAHOO PACIFIC OCEAN Acanthocybium solandri Sometimes known as Ocean Barracuda, Ono, Pacific Kingfish, Malata Kingfish, Queen Fish SUMMARY Wahoo are a fast growing, highly fecund species of fish found worldwide

More information

What are the threats to the oceans? Consequences. Four examples. Tuna

What are the threats to the oceans? Consequences. Four examples. Tuna Conservation of the marine environment Dr. Katrina Mangin Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology mangin@email.arizona.edu What are the threats to the oceans? Over-fishing & over-harvesting Climate

More information

By far the majority of New Zealand s fisheries are performing well

By far the majority of New Zealand s fisheries are performing well The Status of New Zealand s Fisheries 214 February 215 Introduction This report summarises the status of New Zealand s fish stocks relative to the requirements of the Harvest Strategy Standard for New

More information

NOMINAL CPUE FOR THE CANADIAN SWORDFISH LONGLINE FISHERY

NOMINAL CPUE FOR THE CANADIAN SWORDFISH LONGLINE FISHERY SCRS/2008/178 NOMINAL CPUE FOR THE CANADIAN SWORDFISH LONGLINE FISHERY 1988-2007 S. Smith and J. D. Neilson SUMMARY An update is presented of the nominal catch rate series and fishery distributions for

More information

SUSTAINABLE SEAFOOD MATCHING

SUSTAINABLE SEAFOOD MATCHING RAINY DAY KITS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION This Lesson Created in Partnership with: SUSTAINABLE SEAFOOD MATCHING Overview Students play a matching game to learn about different fish species and whether

More information

FISH COMMUNITIES AND FISHERIES OF THE THOUSAND ISLANDS AND MIDDLE CORRIDOR

FISH COMMUNITIES AND FISHERIES OF THE THOUSAND ISLANDS AND MIDDLE CORRIDOR St. Lawrence River Discussion Paper FISH COMMUNITIES AND FISHERIES OF THE THOUSAND ISLANDS AND MIDDLE CORRIDOR Issues Below is a synopsis of fish community issues and proposed management approaches. More

More information

California Drift gillnets (driftnets) Fisheries Standard Version F2

California Drift gillnets (driftnets) Fisheries Standard Version F2 Swordfish (Xiphias gladius) Shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) Common thresher shark (Alopias vulpinus) Opah (Lampris guttatus) Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis) Albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga)

More information

Atlantic rock crab, Jonah crab

Atlantic rock crab, Jonah crab Atlantic rock crab, Jonah crab Cancer irroratus, Cancer borealis Image Scandinavian Fishing Yearbook / www.scandfish.com US Atlantic Trap May 12, 2016 Gabriela Bradt, Consulting researcher Neosha Kashef,

More information

Wild caught sustainable seafood

Wild caught sustainable seafood Wild caught sustainable seafood Version March 2017 Responsible sourcing We are committed to the quality, integrity and long-term sustainability of the seafood we sell. Founded in 1880, initially trading

More information

Blueline tilefish, Golden tilefish

Blueline tilefish, Golden tilefish Blueline tilefish, Golden tilefish Caulolatilus microps, Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps Image Duane Raver US Atlantic Bottom longline, Handline November 17, 2014 Kelsey James, Consulting researcher Disclaimer

More information

Sustainable Seafood Matching

Sustainable Seafood Matching Sustainable Seafood Matching Overview: Students play a matching game to learn about different fish species and whether they are sustainably harvested. Ocean Literacy Principles: 5. The ocean supports a

More information

Section 3: The Future of Biodiversity

Section 3: The Future of Biodiversity Section 3: The Future of Biodiversity Preview Bellringer Objectives Saving Species One at a Time Captive-Breeding Programs Preserving Genetic Material Zoos, Aquariums, Parks, and Gardens Preserving Habitats

More information

Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

Biodiversity and Conservation Biology 11 Biodiversity and Conservation Biology Chapter Objectives This chapter will help you: Characterize the scope of biodiversity on Earth Contrast the background extinction rate with periods of mass extinction

More information

Appendix Template for Submission of Scientific Information To Describe Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas

Appendix Template for Submission of Scientific Information To Describe Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas Appendix Template for Submission of Scientific Information To Describe Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas Abstract (in less than 150 words) Coastal and marine areas: Africa Somalia has

More information

Inshore wrasse pot fishery What are the issues?

Inshore wrasse pot fishery What are the issues? Our Position - Summary Devon Wildlife Trust is calling for the immediate ban on live capture of all wrasse species in the South West from within Marine Protected Areas. Wrasse are being captured live from

More information

By-Catch and Discard Management: The Key to Achieving Responsible and Sustainable Fisheries in Europe

By-Catch and Discard Management: The Key to Achieving Responsible and Sustainable Fisheries in Europe By-Catch and Discard Management: The Key to Achieving Responsible and Sustainable Fisheries in Europe The Importance of Addressing By-Catch and Discard Management In Europe around 1,3 million tonnes of

More information

News English.com Ready-to-use ESL / EFL Lessons

News English.com Ready-to-use ESL / EFL Lessons www.breaking News English.com Ready-to-use ESL / EFL Lessons The Breaking News English.com Resource Book 1,000 Ideas & Activities For Language Teachers http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/book.html UN suspends

More information

Mackerel (Scomber scombrus) in subareas 1 8 and 14, and in Division 9.a (the Northeast Atlantic and adjacent waters)

Mackerel (Scomber scombrus) in subareas 1 8 and 14, and in Division 9.a (the Northeast Atlantic and adjacent waters) ICES Advice on fishing opportunities, catch, and effort Ecoregions in the Northeast Atlantic and Arctic Ocean Published 29 September 2017 DOI: 10.17895/ices.pub.3023 Mackerel (Scomber scombrus) in subareas

More information

Spurdog (Squalus acanthias) in the Northeast Atlantic

Spurdog (Squalus acanthias) in the Northeast Atlantic ICES Advice on fishing opportunities, catch, and effort Northeast Atlantic Published 11 October 2016 9.3.17 Spurdog (Squalus acanthias) in the Northeast Atlantic ICES stock advice ICES advises that when

More information

Sustainable Fisheries and the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. Introduction

Sustainable Fisheries and the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. Introduction Sustainable Fisheries and the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea UNITAR/DOALOS Briefing 17 October 2007 Liza Gall and Michael Shewchuk Introduction General character of the UN Convention on the Law

More information

Leif Nøttestad, Øyvind Tangen and Svein Sundby

Leif Nøttestad, Øyvind Tangen and Svein Sundby Possible mechanisms and explanations for the drastic decline and disappearance of Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Norwegian fisheries since the early 1960s: What went wrong and what can we do? Leif Nøttestad,

More information

Fast Tracking the Development of Environmental- Friendly Fishing Methods

Fast Tracking the Development of Environmental- Friendly Fishing Methods Irish Presidency of the Council of Fisheries Ministers of the European Union Ministerial & Stakeholders Conference Fast Tracking the Development of Environmental- Friendly Fishing Methods Norwegian efforts

More information

Nordatlantisk Fiskeriministerkonference i Shediac 29. august 2017

Nordatlantisk Fiskeriministerkonference i Shediac 29. august 2017 Naalakkersuisoq Karl-Kristian Kruses tale Nordatlantisk Fiskeriministerkonference i Shediac 29. august 2017 Dear friends and colleagues I would like to thank our hosts for this chance to visit beautiful

More information

The Fisheries Reform Act of The Joint Legislative Commission on Seafood and Aquaculture March 30, 2010

The Fisheries Reform Act of The Joint Legislative Commission on Seafood and Aquaculture March 30, 2010 The Fisheries Reform Act of 1997 The Joint Legislative Commission on Seafood and Aquaculture March 30, 2010 History July 1, 1994 Moratorium on Commercial Fishing Licenses Based on wide range of concerns

More information

ASMFC Stock Assessment Overview: Red Drum

ASMFC Stock Assessment Overview: Red Drum Purpose The purpose of this document is to improve the understanding and transparency of the Commission s stock assessment process and results. It is the first of several that will be developed throughout

More information

By Product Fish Fishery Assessment Data Gathering Guidance Document

By Product Fish Fishery Assessment Data Gathering Guidance Document By Product Fish Fishery Assessment Data Gathering Guidance Document IFFO RS STANDARD FOR MARINE INGREDIENTS BY PRODUCT FISHERY MATERIAL Where fish are processed for human consumption, there are often substantial

More information

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC)

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) Mason Smith Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Division of Marine Fisheries Management Version 1 FWC Mission To manage fish and wildlife

More information

Wild caught sustainable seafood

Wild caught sustainable seafood Wild caught sustainable seafood Published November 2012 Responsible sourcing We are committed to the quality, integrity and long-term sustainability of the seafood we sell. Founded in 1880, initially trading

More information

Bay scallops. Argopecten irradians. Scandinavian Fishing Yearbook / New York & Massachusetts/Northwest Atlantic.

Bay scallops. Argopecten irradians. Scandinavian Fishing Yearbook /  New York & Massachusetts/Northwest Atlantic. Bay scallops Argopecten irradians Scandinavian Fishing Yearbook / www.scandposters.com New York & Massachusetts/Northwest Atlantic Towed dredges May 1, 2017 Seafood Watch Consulting Researcher Disclaimer

More information

Glossary. Action point or trigger point or level

Glossary. Action point or trigger point or level Glossary Term Acoustic surveys Action point or trigger point or level Age determination Benthic organisms or benthos Biogenic reefs BMSY Bycatch Catch per unit effort Confidence intervals Control Demersal

More information

Fisheries Management on Lake Vermilion 2014 Update. Duane Williams Large Lake Specialist Tower DNR Fisheries

Fisheries Management on Lake Vermilion 2014 Update. Duane Williams Large Lake Specialist Tower DNR Fisheries Fisheries Management on Lake Vermilion 214 Update Duane Williams Large Lake Specialist Tower DNR Fisheries Introduction Lake Vermilion is part of the statewide Large Lake Program, an intensive fisheries

More information

U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, Canada North Atlantic. Pelagic longline, Troll/Pole, Handline. July 12, 2016 Alexia Morgan, Consulting Researcher

U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, Canada North Atlantic. Pelagic longline, Troll/Pole, Handline. July 12, 2016 Alexia Morgan, Consulting Researcher Blue shark (Prionace glauca) Dolphin sh (Mahi mahi) (Coryphaena hippurus) Porbeagle shark (Lamna nasus) Short n mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) Wahoo (Acanthocybium solandri) U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico,

More information

Fish Conservation and Management

Fish Conservation and Management Fish Conservation and Management CONS 486 Fisheries Exploitation Chapters 4 and 5 Ross Fisheries Exploitation Fisheries sectors (i.e., user groups) Fisheries harvest methods Major theme: Linking science

More information

Chapter 15 : Fisheries and Aquaculture

Chapter 15 : Fisheries and Aquaculture Chapter 15 : Fisheries and Aquaculture identify the importance of marine ecosystems to Newfoundland and Labrador. Include: Note - oceans and greenhouse gas control : oceans surface (photic zone) abundant

More information

Okanagan Sockeye Reintroduction

Okanagan Sockeye Reintroduction Okanagan Sockeye Reintroduction Backgrounder Elders accounts, and other forms of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) tell us that many species of salmon once came into the Okanagan Valley and tell us

More information

Sturgeon. Sturgeon for Tomorrow. for tomorrow. Membership. You Can Help Protect Michigan s Living Fossil The Lake Sturgeon

Sturgeon. Sturgeon for Tomorrow. for tomorrow. Membership. You Can Help Protect Michigan s Living Fossil The Lake Sturgeon Sturgeon for Tomorrow Membership Member Partner Leader Sustainer $25 $50-$99 $100-$499 $500+ Sturgeon for tomorrow Card & Sticker Subscription Recognition Key Fob Guided Sturgeon Viewing Tour If you would

More information

A Forest Without Elephants: Can We Save One of Earth s Iconic Species?

A Forest Without Elephants: Can We Save One of Earth s Iconic Species? Chapter 11: Preserving Biodiversity A Forest Without Elephants: Can We Save One of Earth s Iconic Species? Guiding Question 1: What are the major causes of species endangerment and extinction today? Start

More information

COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report for Grizzly Bear Western population (Ursus arctos) in Canada SUMMARY

COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report for Grizzly Bear Western population (Ursus arctos) in Canada SUMMARY 1 COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report for Grizzly Bear Western population (Ursus arctos) in Canada SUMMARY The COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report for grizzly bears assess the status of Western and Ungava

More information

Sheepshead Fishery Overview South Atlantic State/Federal Management Board May 2014 Introduction Life History Landings

Sheepshead Fishery Overview South Atlantic State/Federal Management Board May 2014 Introduction Life History Landings Sheepshead Fishery Overview South Atlantic State/Federal Management Board May 2014 Introduction The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC) does not currently manage sheepshead (Archosargus

More information

EU request to provide advice on fisheries-related anthropogenic impacts on eels in EU marine waters

EU request to provide advice on fisheries-related anthropogenic impacts on eels in EU marine waters ICES Special Request Advice Northeast Atlantic Published 8 May 2017 sr.2017.08 EU request to provide advice on fisheries-related anthropogenic impacts on eels in EU marine waters Advice summary ICES provides

More information

COASTAL HABITATS & FISHERY RESOURCES CORON, PALAWAN

COASTAL HABITATS & FISHERY RESOURCES CORON, PALAWAN COASTAL HABITATS & FISHERY RESOURCES CORON, PALAWAN FISHERY RESOURCES Similar to municipalities of Taytay and El Nido, the coastal habitats and fishery resources of the municipality of Coron are continuously

More information

Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) in Division 4.b, Functional Unit 6 (central North Sea, Farn Deeps)

Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) in Division 4.b, Functional Unit 6 (central North Sea, Farn Deeps) ICES Advice on fishing opportunities, catch, and effort Greater North Sea Ecoregion Published 14 November 2017 DOI: 10.17895/ices.pub.3524 Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) in Division 4.b, Functional

More information

Red Sea bream in Subareas VI, VII and VIII

Red Sea bream in Subareas VI, VII and VIII Stock Annex; Red Sea bream in Subareas VI, VII and VIII Stock specific documentation of standard assessment procedures used by ICES. Stock sbr-678_sa Working Group Red Sea bream (Pagellus bogaraveo) in

More information

Danajon Bank, Philippines: an EBM case study

Danajon Bank, Philippines: an EBM case study Danajon Bank, Philippines: an EBM case study Outline: Danajon Bank FISH Project objectives and strategies Fisheries management initiatives Fisheries monitoring Other measurable project results Future EBM

More information

7 GULF OF ALASKA POLLOCK

7 GULF OF ALASKA POLLOCK 7 GULF OF ALASKA POLLOCK 7.1 Introduction For the Gulf of Alaska (GOA) pollock fishery, the Principle 1 and 2 PIs were mapped against the following indicators within the stated reports: FAM PI: Assessment

More information

Atlantic Sturgeon Workshop

Atlantic Sturgeon Workshop Atlantic Sturgeon Workshop Emily B. Hughes Wilmington Regulatory Field Office September 3, 2013 US Army Corps of Engineers Introduction The Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus; means "sharp snout )

More information

ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY EVALUATION OF SEAFOOD: Guidelines for Wild Catch Fisheries

ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY EVALUATION OF SEAFOOD: Guidelines for Wild Catch Fisheries PAUL TOOGOOD / MISSION BEACH ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY EVALUATION OF SEAFOOD: Guidelines for Wild Catch Fisheries Version 2.0 Background WWF-Australia (WWF) developed the Ecological Sustainability Evaluation

More information

Caribbean Spiny Lobster

Caribbean Spiny Lobster Caribbean Spiny Lobster Panulirus argus Image Scandinavian Fishing Yearbook/ www.scandfish.com Florida Trap October 12, 2015 Rachel Simon, Independent Research Analyst Disclaimer: Seafood Watch strives

More information

Fin Whale. Appendix A: Marine Wildlife. Balaenoptera physalus. New Hampshire Wildlife Action Plan Appendix A Marine-38. Federal Listing.

Fin Whale. Appendix A: Marine Wildlife. Balaenoptera physalus. New Hampshire Wildlife Action Plan Appendix A Marine-38. Federal Listing. Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus Federal Listing State Listing Global Rank Rank Regional Status E not tracked G3G4TNR State Very High Photo by Christin Khan, NOAA/NEFSC Justification (Reason for Concern

More information

Reef Fish Amendment 32 Gag and Red Grouper

Reef Fish Amendment 32 Gag and Red Grouper AMENDMENT GUIDE 11/2/11 Reef Fish Amendment 32 Gag and Red Grouper Provisions in the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act require regional fishery management councils to develop annual

More information

Magnuson Reauthorization Dec Fishery Management Councils

Magnuson Reauthorization Dec Fishery Management Councils Magnuson Reauthorization Dec 2006 Reauthorization of the 1976 Magnuson- Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act. Eight regional fishery councils must follow the advice of their scientific committees,

More information

THE BORNSTEIN REPORT March 2017

THE BORNSTEIN REPORT March 2017 Dungeness Crab: Cancer Magister The Oregon Dungeness Crab season officially opened January 1 and the South West Washington season opened January 7 th. Boats did not drop gear until price negotiations were

More information

Fishing mortality in relation to highest yield. Fishing mortality in relation to agreed target

Fishing mortality in relation to highest yield. Fishing mortality in relation to agreed target 3.4 Stock summaries 3.4. Northeast Arctic cod State of the stock Spawning biomass in relation to precautionary limits Full reproductive capacity Fishing mortality in relation to precautionary limits/management

More information

This presentation is a review and discussion of the biology, research, and management status of goliath grouper. The presentation will also describe

This presentation is a review and discussion of the biology, research, and management status of goliath grouper. The presentation will also describe This presentation is a review and discussion of the biology, research, and management status of goliath grouper. The presentation will also describe a stakeholder survey conducted by the University of

More information

The use of the ecosystem approach. with focus on fisheries. Esben Moland Olsen

The use of the ecosystem approach. with focus on fisheries. Esben Moland Olsen The use of the ecosystem approach in designing and monitoring MPAs with focus on fisheries Esben Moland Olsen The MPA process in Norway National plan for protection of the marine environment Biodiversity

More information

Haddock, Iceland, ICES Va, Danish Seine

Haddock, Iceland, ICES Va, Danish Seine Haddock, Iceland, ICES Va, Danish Seine Haddock, Iceland, ICES Va, Danish Seine Content last updated 2nd Aug 2017 Stock: Haddock in the Iceland grounds (ICES Division Va) Management: Iceland Overview Haddock

More information

Making Non-Detriment Findings for seahorses a framework

Making Non-Detriment Findings for seahorses a framework Making Non-Detriment Findings for seahorses a framework Version 3: uploaded December 12, 2013 Project Seahorse Fisheries Centre The University of British Columbia 2202 Main Mall Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4 Phone:

More information

Combating IUU: China and the European Market

Combating IUU: China and the European Market Combating IUU: China and the European Market Tatjana Gerling Smart Fishing Global Initiative WWF International Light tower Tatjana Gerling/WWF International 22 nd September 2014 The European Parliament

More information

Modify Federal Regulations for Swordfish Trip Limits the Deep-set Tuna Longline Fishery. Decision Support Document November 2010

Modify Federal Regulations for Swordfish Trip Limits the Deep-set Tuna Longline Fishery. Decision Support Document November 2010 Agenda Item J.2.a Attachment 2 November 2010 Modify Federal Regulations for Trip Limits the Deep-set Tuna Longline Fishery (Action Pursuant to Modification of Routine Management Measures under the Framework

More information

What the threats to the oceans?

What the threats to the oceans? Conservation of the marine environment Dr. Katrina Mangin Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology mangin@email.arizona.edu Lion steak Eagle Pie What the threats to the oceans? Overfishing Coastal

More information

Keeping Gulf Red Snapper on the Road to Recovery

Keeping Gulf Red Snapper on the Road to Recovery A brief from July 2016 Keeping Gulf Red Snapper on the Road to Recovery Overview In 2007, the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council implemented a rebuilding plan for red snapper that included scientifically

More information

Overview 10/8/2015. October Pelagic Advice Pelagic AC 7 October 2015

Overview 10/8/2015. October Pelagic Advice Pelagic AC 7 October 2015 October Pelagic Advice Pelagic AC 7 October 2015 John Simmonds ICES ACOM Vice Chair Overview WG 1 Blue whiting NSS herring North Sea horse makerel WG 2 Stocks Northeast Atlantic mackerel Western horse

More information

Original language: English CoP17 Doc CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

Original language: English CoP17 Doc CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Original language: English CoP17 Doc. 39.2 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Seventeenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties Johannesburg (South Africa),

More information

Position of WWF Mongolia Program Office on current situation of Argali hunting and conservation in Mongolia

Position of WWF Mongolia Program Office on current situation of Argali hunting and conservation in Mongolia Position of WWF Mongolia Program Office on current situation of Argali hunting and conservation in Mongolia Since wildlife is a part of state property in Mongolia, only the relevant authorized governmental

More information

Sometimes known as Chinook, Coho, Sockeye, Chum, Pink, King, Silver, Red, Dog, Humpback, Sake, Ikura

Sometimes known as Chinook, Coho, Sockeye, Chum, Pink, King, Silver, Red, Dog, Humpback, Sake, Ikura SALMON ALASKA Oncorhynchus spp. Sometimes known as Chinook, Coho, Sockeye, Chum, Pink, King, Silver, Red, Dog, Humpback, Sake, Ikura SUMMARY Salmon caught from Alaska will be one of five species: Pink,

More information

Why has the cod stock recovered in the North Sea?

Why has the cod stock recovered in the North Sea? Why has the cod stock recovered in the North Sea? Summary The expansion of European fisheries during the 1970s and 1980s resulted in high fishing pressure on stocks of cod, haddock, whiting and saithe

More information

A non-equilibrium surplus production model of black grouper (Mycteroperca bonaci) in southeast United States waters

A non-equilibrium surplus production model of black grouper (Mycteroperca bonaci) in southeast United States waters SEDAR19-AW-05 A non-equilibrium surplus production model of black grouper (Mycteroperca bonaci) in southeast United States waters Introduction Robert G. Muller Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission

More information

Council CNL(15)42. Restoration of upstream and downstream connectivity on the River Rhine (Tabled by EU-Germany)

Council CNL(15)42. Restoration of upstream and downstream connectivity on the River Rhine (Tabled by EU-Germany) Agenda Item 5.2 For Information Council CNL(15)42 Restoration of upstream and downstream connectivity on the River Rhine (Tabled by EU-Germany) CNL(15)42 Restoration of upstream and downstream connectivity

More information

INTRODUCTION. Costeas-Geitonas School Model United Nations Committee: Environment Sub-Commission 1

INTRODUCTION. Costeas-Geitonas School Model United Nations Committee: Environment Sub-Commission 1 Committee: Environment Sub-Commission 1 Issue: Overfishing as a threat to the Mediterranean Sea Student Officer: Dioni Ellinikaki Position: Deputy President INTRODUCTION The Mediterranean Sea hosts more

More information

European fishing fleet capacity management

European fishing fleet capacity management European fishing fleet capacity management Seas at Risk Conference Brussels, 21 October 2009 Sophie des Clers Photo Zineb Sedira CFP reform - Vision for 2020 Europe s fishing industry has become far more

More information

Red Snapper Allocation

Red Snapper Allocation Tab B, No. 6 06/04/13 Red Snapper Allocation Draft Options Paper for Amendment 28 to the Fishery Management Plan for the Reef Fish Resources of the Gulf of Mexico June 2013 This is a publication of the

More information

and found that there exist a significant overlap between the billfish resources and the exploitation activities targeting tunas and mahi mahi.

and found that there exist a significant overlap between the billfish resources and the exploitation activities targeting tunas and mahi mahi. Executive Summary Report 2016 Billfish Research in the Eastern Pacific Ocean Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science University of Miami January 2017 During 2016, the Eastern Pacific Ocean

More information

COMMISSIO STAFF WORKI G PAPER. Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment. Accompanying the document

COMMISSIO STAFF WORKI G PAPER. Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment. Accompanying the document EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 12.8.2011 SEC(2011) 986 final COMMISSIO STAFF WORKI G PAPER Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment Accompanying the document Proposal for a Regulation of the European

More information

Making Non-Detriment Findings for seahorses a framework

Making Non-Detriment Findings for seahorses a framework Making Non-Detriment Findings for seahorses a framework Version 4: dated 22 March, 2016 Project Seahorse Fisheries Centre The University of British Columbia 2202 Main Mall Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4 Phone:

More information