Name Date Period Crustaceans- Chapter 10 Guided notes

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Name Date Period Crustaceans- Chapter 10 Guided notes"

Transcription

1 Name Date Period Crustaceans- Chapter 10 Guided notes 10.1 Introduction to Crustaceans The Lobster Arthropods phylum Arthropoda, meaning Characteristic Outer skeleton is its Made of, type of carbohydrate Varies in flexible to hard in different arthropod species Functions as protective as well as a place for muscles to attach Diverse in appearance, some scientist want to divide them in different classes, subphya, or separate phyla Crustacean Features Crustaceans animals with hard outer covering, divided into two main segments Cephalothorax tail (if present) Carapace exoskeleton that covers the head Lobster, crabs, and shrimp have 5 pairs of legs Referred to as Claws that are used in are 1 st pair and the 4 other pair are for Head has Some crustaceans can glide along the sea floor by using a small paddlelike appendages located under the abdomen Crustacean

2 The Lobster Two common lobster species Homarus americanus has 2 lg. claws Live in Found from Labrador to Virginia Panulirus argus No lg. claws Found in waters of Lobsters are aggressive, often fight amongst themselves Lobsters can Structures and Life Activities of Lobsters Lobsters are Feed on other invertebrates Food digested in a Mouth Esophagus Stomach Intestines Breathe through, under carapace Each gill attached to the upper end of walking legs Oxygen & nutrients transport around lobster s body in its blood Blood is in color due to pigment hemocyanine contains copper which binds oxygen Blood pumps through the body by a one-chamber heart, aided by body muscular contraction

3 The Crab No capillaries connecting arteries and veins, blood just passes through tissue space Nervous system enable a variety of responses Eyes on movable stalks Two pairs antennae actively feel out environment Impulses from receptors carried by sensory nerves to brain, or cerebral ganglia Responses carried out when brain send impulses back via ventral nerve cord to muscles Lobster reproduce Fertilization internal, development external Sperm deposited in females abdomen Eggs are released and carried by female on swimmerets for almost a year before hatching Embryo go through larval phase, float as part of plankton population, molting as they grow into adult form The Crab fiddler crab (Uca) digs tunnels in the sand along shore Retreat into tunnel and plug up entrances Gets its name for its Male has one lg. and one sm. claws Female has two sm. claws Mole crab Emertia lives in turbulent surf zone along sandy beaches Has that diminishes impact of waves, allows crab to burrow and move efficiently through swirling mixtures of sand and water Has featherlike antennae, used to capture microscopic organisms Hermit crab Pagurus longicarpus born with For protection hermit crab finds

4 Inhabit shallow coastal waters Scavenge on particles of food As it increases in size it - Spider crab Libinia emarginata slow moving, has no paddle appendages used for crawling along ocean bottom have time to attach and grow on their backs Inhabits Atlantic and Pacific waters Biggest crab in the ocean is the giant spider crab Macrocheira kaempferi Found in deep waters off Japan Leg tip to leg tip 4 meters in width Crabs body is divided into segments covered by carapace are the Cephalothorax - Abdomen small flat, between walking legs on ventral side Shape of abdomen tells the Female has a Male has a Crabs eat mainly dead plants and animal matter, graze on algae and some are predatory Claws are One-way digestive tract Mouth, esophagus, stomach, & intestines Breath through gills Two eyes and antennae Well-developed nervous system Female carries a, male fertilizes eggs internally Embryos develop Diversity Among Crustaceans: The Shrimp and Others The Shrimp sm. Version of the lobster Gulf shrimp Penaeus duorarum grow up to 17 cm long, seafood industry

5 Smaller common shore shrimp Palaemonetes vulgaris lives among the grasses and seaweeds in salt marshes Smallest shrimp Periclimenes survives by eating parasites and are found on the skin of reef fish a symbiotic relationship Mantis shrimp Squilla empusa largest of all shrimp grows to 25 cm long Burrow in the sand or mud, spear its prey Copepods and Krill Copepod is the Over 1000 species ½ cm long Eats mainly diatoms Important part Reproduce sexually Krill is a Grows to 5 cm long Most live in Planktonic animal, eats diatoms, and floats on ocean surface in lg. masses Principal Amphipods and Isopods These crustaceans are found near the edge of the sea- under in the Scud Gammarus are bottom dwellers Live in wet sand East and West coast Beach flea Talorchestia Use seaweed for cover and food Sea roach Ligua resemble a Swim, crawl in coastal waters Feed on algae

6 Active at Flattened bodies and Can live attached to gills and skin of fish such as cod and halibut The Barnacle Often mistaken for a mollusk Acorn or rock barnacle Balanus lives in the upper intertidal zone, attached to rocks and hard surfaces Overlapping Attach to almost A type of encrusting organism Structures and Life Activities of Barnacles Barnacle s body id actually folded up within its shell so that its appendages can protrude from the opening When tide comes in barnacle opens Cirri whip about catching phytoplankton and other food particles and brings it to its mouth Filter feeders Food digested in a one-way tract Mouth, stomach, and intestine O2 and CO2 are exchanged across barnacle s skin membrane At low tide when barnacle is exposed to air its overlapping plates Barnacle contains both ovaries and testes, does not occur Mating occurs when penis of one barnacle is inserted into a neighboring barnacle Fertilization occurs inside the barnacle, and fertilized eggs develop into swimming larvae that is shed into the water

7 When larvae come into contact with suitable substrate they attach to it by secreting glue from a special gland and develop into an adult 10.4 Diversity Among the Arthropods The Horseshoe Crab Limulus polyphemus arthropod Has More closely Placed in its own class, Inhabits waters along Atlantic and Gulf coast and Asian Pacific coast Searched for food in the mud, preying on sm. Mollusks and crustaceans Has 4 eyes, two simple and two compound eyes, on top of carapace Compound eyes contains many visual units which are grouped together for better vision Structures and Life Activities of Horseshoe Crabs Legs are on the underside of horseshoe crab First pair is set with pinching claws cheliceras Other five are walking legs In male Body and legs are covered by carapace Behind the legs are numerous overlapping membranes, these are the used for breathing and locomotion Spiked tail or is not used as a weapon It is used for locomotion and when tossed on its back by a wave it uses it as a lever to flip itself over Life Cycle of the Horseshoe Crab In late spring at high tide, thousands of horseshoe crabs invade the sandy beaches and marshes Females carrying the smaller male clutched to their backs at the high-tide mark dig holes in sand and lay hundreds of tiny pale green eggs

8 Males still attached to female externally fertilize the eggs and then cover the eggs with sand After two weeks eggs hatch and tiny juveniles carried out to sea by the tide swim away. Within months they develop spiked tails and other characteristics of adults Horseshoe crab reaches sexual maturity in about eight yrs. During its period of growth it undergoes many molts, shedding its outer shell and growing another These old shells are often found on the beach and mistaken for dead crabs Fossils of the horseshoe crab show that this animal in 400-millionyears For this reason the horseshoe crab is often called a Marine Insects Some inhabit the high salinity water and others are found in the salt marsh Biting insects live in the salt marsh and inland bays All possess chitinous exoskeleton & jointed appendages Only have, head, thorax and abdomen Have just - Placed in the class Insecta Most familiar is the marsh mosquito Greenhead fly Sad fly or no-see-um These insects often inhabit inland estuaries Eggs can develop into larvae which then develop and hatch into adults

28 2 Groups of Arthropods

28 2 Groups of Arthropods 28 2 Groups of Arthropods 1 of 42 28 2 Groups of Arthropods Arthropods are classified based on the number and structure of their body segments and appendages particularly their mouthparts. The three major

More information

The Animal Kingdom. Animal Kingdom. Characteristics of All Animals. Major Characteristics Used To Classify Animals

The Animal Kingdom. Animal Kingdom. Characteristics of All Animals. Major Characteristics Used To Classify Animals The Animal Kingdom Animal Kingdom Phylums: 1. Sponges 2. Cnidaria Jelly Fish, Hydra 3. Flatworms Flukes, Tapeworms 4. Roundworms- Hookworms 5. Segmented Worms- Earthworms 6. Rotifera- Rotifers 7. Mullusca

More information

BUILD A HORSESHOE CRAB

BUILD A HORSESHOE CRAB The Education Program at the New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium 22 Magruder Road Fort Hancock, NJ 07732 732 872 1300 njseagrant.org BUILD A HORSESHOE CRAB OVERVIEW OBJECTIVES During this lesson, students

More information

2201 Invertibrates.notebook January 23, Kingdom Animalia. We are going to divide Animalia into two groups: invertebrates and vertebrates.

2201 Invertibrates.notebook January 23, Kingdom Animalia. We are going to divide Animalia into two groups: invertebrates and vertebrates. Kingdom Animalia We are going to divide Animalia into two groups: invertebrates and vertebrates. The invertebrates contain most of the species in Animalia, and is very diverse. The vertebrates include

More information

1. Animals are (diploid) with tissues arranged into organs and organ systems. 3. Animals require for aerobic respiration.

1. Animals are (diploid) with tissues arranged into organs and organ systems. 3. Animals require for aerobic respiration. Chapter 25 Animals: The Invertebrates I. Overview of the Animal Kingdom A. General Characteristics of Animals 1. Animals are (diploid) with tissues arranged into organs and organ systems. 2. Animals are.

More information

Arthropods are everywhere

Arthropods are everywhere Phylum Arthropoda chitin exoskeleton jointed appendages repeated segments open circulatory system more than 10 million species respiratory system varies with subphlyum Arthropods are everywhere Two out

More information

Chapter 6: Small Marine Animals Zooplankton

Chapter 6: Small Marine Animals Zooplankton Chapter 6: Small Marine Animals Zooplankton DO NOW: What is an animal?(p141) 1. What is an animal? (Uni/multicellular? Auto/heterotrophic?) 2. How many species of animals are there on Earth? 3. How many

More information

Phylum Mollusca. Soft-bodied animals. Internal or external shell. Include snails, slugs, clams, squids and octopi

Phylum Mollusca. Soft-bodied animals. Internal or external shell. Include snails, slugs, clams, squids and octopi Phylum Mollusca Soft-bodied animals Internal or external shell Include snails, slugs, clams, squids and octopi Trochophore: free-swimming larval stage of an aquatic mollusk True coeloms Have complex organ

More information

Symmetry. Asymmetrical- no shape. Radial- same in half when cut any angle. Bilateral- having a distinct right and left side

Symmetry. Asymmetrical- no shape. Radial- same in half when cut any angle. Bilateral- having a distinct right and left side Symmetry Asymmetrical- no shape Radial- same in half when cut any angle Bilateral- having a distinct right and left side Invertebrates 95% of Animals No Backbone The simplest animals and they do not have

More information

CHAPTER 20 Crustaceans

CHAPTER 20 Crustaceans CHAPTER 20 Crustaceans 20-1 Sally Lightfoot Crab, from the Galapagos 20-2 20-3 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Subphylum Crustacea General Nature

More information

Phylum Mollusca. Includes snails and slugs, oysters and clams, and octopuses and squids.

Phylum Mollusca. Includes snails and slugs, oysters and clams, and octopuses and squids. Mollusks Phylum Mollusca Includes snails and slugs, oysters and clams, and octopuses and squids. Bivalves Nautilus Characteristics Soft-bodied invertebrate Covered with protective mantle that may or may

More information

Arthropods, Echinoderms, and Chordates

Arthropods, Echinoderms, and Chordates Arthropods, Echinoderms, and Chordates Bi 10 10/22/2013 Revised Schedule Friday, Nov. 22: Chapter 17, Part 2 Chapter 15, 16 Reading Quiz Due Wednesday, Nov. 27: Special Lecture: Review + World s Weirdest

More information

Fish Dissection. Background

Fish Dissection. Background Fish Dissection The Fish Dissection program at Hatfield Marine Science Center is a 50-minute hands-on program for 4th through 12th grade students. Students will work in small groups as they examine a variety

More information

Crayfish Dissection. Materials:gloves, preserved crayfish, paper towel, dissecting pan, scissors, forceps, dissecting. Background: LME-305

Crayfish Dissection. Materials:gloves, preserved crayfish, paper towel, dissecting pan, scissors, forceps, dissecting. Background: LME-305 Living Science LME-305 Crayfish Dissection Materials:gloves, preserved crayfish, paper towel, dissecting pan, scissors, forceps, dissecting needle, dissecting pins, and pen or pencil Background: Like all

More information

Fishes are vertebrates that have characteristics allowing them to live and reproduce in water.

Fishes are vertebrates that have characteristics allowing them to live and reproduce in water. Section 1: are vertebrates that have characteristics allowing them to live and reproduce in water. K What I Know W What I Want to Find Out L What I Learned Essential Questions What are the features of

More information

Kelp Forest Conservation Food web activity

Kelp Forest Conservation Food web activity Kelp Forest Conservation Food web activity Activity Steps Cut out the kelp forest food web organisms cards. Have students form small groups. Pass out one food web organism and to each group. Using a blank

More information

`Mollusks. may or may not form a hard, calcium carbonate shell. Trochophore Larva

`Mollusks. may or may not form a hard, calcium carbonate shell. Trochophore Larva `Mollusks Phylum Mollusca Soft-bodied invertebrate covered with protective mantle that may or may not form a hard, calcium carbonate shell Includes chitons, snails, slugs, clams, oysters, squid, octopus,

More information

What are the four main characteristics of arthropods? What are two types of metamorphosis in insects?

What are the four main characteristics of arthropods? What are two types of metamorphosis in insects? CHAPTER 15 3 Arthropods SECTION Invertebrates BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are the four main characteristics of arthropods? What are two

More information

Internal Anatomy of Fish

Internal Anatomy of Fish Internal Anatomy of Fish The Systems of a Fish Skeletal System Muscular System Respiratory System Digestive System Circulatory System Nervous System Reproductive System Special Organs Skeletal System

More information

Chapter 35. Table of Contents. Section 1 Mollusca. Section 2 Annelida. Mollusks and Annelids

Chapter 35. Table of Contents. Section 1 Mollusca. Section 2 Annelida. Mollusks and Annelids Mollusks and Annelids Table of Contents Section 1 Mollusca Section 2 Annelida Section 1 Mollusca Objectives Describe the key characteristics of mollusks. Describe the body plan of mollusks. Name the characteristics

More information

Chapter 30 Nonvertebrate Chordates, Fishes, and Amphibians Name

Chapter 30 Nonvertebrate Chordates, Fishes, and Amphibians Name Chapter 30 Nonvertebrate Chordates, Fishes, and Amphibians Name Lab Dissecting a Perch Background Information Fish are the largest group of vertebrates found in fresh and salt water. In fact, over 25,000

More information

Echinoderms. Phylum Echinodermata

Echinoderms. Phylum Echinodermata Echinoderms Phylum Echinodermata spiny skinned or hedgehog skin sea stars (starfish), sea urchins, sea cucumbers 6000 species radial symmetry in 2 o development bilateral symmetry in larva http://www.biologyreference.com/dn-ep/echinoderm.html

More information

Phylum Mollusca. By: Christa Jewett, Instructor

Phylum Mollusca. By: Christa Jewett, Instructor Phylum Mollusca By: Christa Jewett, Instructor For since the creation of the world God s invisible qualities His eternal power and divine nature have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been

More information

Chapter 29 Echinoderms and Invertebrate Chordates. Section Echinoderms. I. What Is An Echinoderm? 11/1/2010. Biology II Mrs.

Chapter 29 Echinoderms and Invertebrate Chordates. Section Echinoderms. I. What Is An Echinoderm? 11/1/2010. Biology II Mrs. Chapter 29 Echinoderms and Invertebrate Chordates Section 29.1 - Echinoderms Biology II Mrs. Michaelsen I. What Is An Echinoderm? A. Move by means of hydraulic, suction cuptipped appendages. B. Skin covered

More information

Taxonomy of Fishes. Chapter 18. I. SuperClass Agnatha. A. Class Myxini. Kingdom Animalia. The Fishes

Taxonomy of Fishes. Chapter 18. I. SuperClass Agnatha. A. Class Myxini. Kingdom Animalia. The Fishes Taxonomy of Fishes Chapter 18 The Fishes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata SuperClass Agnatha - jawless fish Class Chondrichthyes - cartilagenous fish Class Osteichthyes - bony fish I. SuperClass Agnatha

More information

Echinoderms Name Means: Echino- Spiny Derm- Skin About 7,000 species No Head! No Brain! No ventral, dorsal, posterior, or anterior sides! Do have oral (mouth) and aboral sides. Symmetry: Larvae are

More information

ABCs & Name the parts!

ABCs & Name the parts! ABCs & Name the parts! Objective: These two activities are used to introduce the students to the variety of marine life living in European waters while learning their ABCs and practicing their letter writing.

More information

Overview. What are Corals?

Overview. What are Corals? Overview Coral Reefs extend back over 500 m.y. Grow in tropical seas with normal salinity Support a great variety of plant and animal life Cover less than 0.2% of sea floor Contain about 25% of marine

More information

Instructions: CLASSIFY ANIMALS AS BLOOD FEEDERS OR NON-BLOODFEEDERS 1. Take out the ADULT CARDS, and place them on the correct boxes 2.

Instructions: CLASSIFY ANIMALS AS BLOOD FEEDERS OR NON-BLOODFEEDERS 1. Take out the ADULT CARDS, and place them on the correct boxes 2. Instructions: CLASSIFY ANIMALS AS BLOOD FEEDERS OR NON-BLOODFEEDERS 1. Take out the ADULT CARDS, and place them on the correct boxes 2. March the LARVA CARDS with the correct adult cards 3. March the HABITAT

More information

Chapter 28 Mollusks & Annelids. BIOLOGY II Miss. Loulousis

Chapter 28 Mollusks & Annelids. BIOLOGY II Miss. Loulousis Chapter 28 Mollusks & Annelids BIOLOGY II Miss. Loulousis Mollusks have a true coelom Snails, slugs, oysters, clams, scallops, octopuses, and squids are all mollusks Annelid earthworm next section Mollusks

More information

Bivalves: Mollusks that Matter

Bivalves: Mollusks that Matter Objective Bivalves: Mollusks that Matter Version 6/05 Students will understand the anatomy and physiology of mussels, and understand why they may pose health risks to humans. National Science Education

More information

Part 4: Ocean Life Zones

Part 4: Ocean Life Zones Part 4: Ocean Life Zones 1 Factors that Affect Life in the Ocean 1. Amount of sunlight 2. Temperature of the water 3. Water pressure How does depth affect each of these? Where would you expect to find

More information

V live on FARM B! F A R M B. I make A MESS! A M E S S. ONLY 3-5% of all animals! 95-97% of all animals!

V live on FARM B! F A R M B. I make A MESS! A M E S S. ONLY 3-5% of all animals! 95-97% of all animals! Weeks 2, 3 & 4 6.L.4B.1 Vertebrates and Invertebrates 6.L.4B.5 Endothermic and Ectothermic List as many animals as you can in the space provided. Leave 2 small columns blank. A B C D E F G H I J K L M

More information

Exploring Tide Pools. Exploring Tide Pools. Visit for thousands of books and materials.

Exploring Tide Pools. Exploring Tide Pools.  Visit  for thousands of books and materials. Exploring Tide Pools A Reading A Z Level R Leveled Reader Word Count: 1,617 LEVELED READER R Exploring Tide Pools Written by Trica Oshant Hawkins Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials.

More information

Mollusks Are Soft and Unsegmented

Mollusks Are Soft and Unsegmented Mollusks Objectives Understand the taxonomic relationships and major features of mollusks Learn the external and internal anatomy of the clam and squid Understand the major advantages and limitations of

More information

Let s take a closer look at estuaries and learn why they are important.

Let s take a closer look at estuaries and learn why they are important. ave you ever wondered what happens where a river or stream flows into the ocean? When fresh water meets saltwater in a protected bay or inlet, a partially enclosed body of water called an estuary often

More information

Animals of the Benthic Environment

Animals of the Benthic Environment Animals of the Benthic Environment Name: Section: 1. Of the 250,000 known species that inhabit the marine ecosystem, more than 98% (about 245,000) live in or on the ocean floor. 2. Living at or near the

More information

WARM UP Week 1 MONDAY WEDNESDAY. Using the animals booklet 1 page 23 list the 7 structures animals use to help them escape from predators.

WARM UP Week 1 MONDAY WEDNESDAY. Using the animals booklet 1 page 23 list the 7 structures animals use to help them escape from predators. Animal Warm-Ups 7 Weeks THURSDAY WARM UP Week 1 Using your Animals Booklet Week 1 page 23, list the 10 structures animals use to obtain resources for energy. Using the animals booklet 1 page 23 list the

More information

Life on Fiji s Mangrove Trees. Alison Haynes

Life on Fiji s Mangrove Trees. Alison Haynes Life on Fiji s Mangrove Trees Alison Haynes Life on Fiji s Mangrove Trees Alison Haynes L i f e o n F i j i s M a n g r o v e T r e e s 1 Acknowledgement My thanks to Johnson Seeto for the photograph

More information

Fantastic Fish. Lesson 10. Leafy Sea Dragon

Fantastic Fish. Lesson 10. Leafy Sea Dragon Fantastic Fish Lesson 10 Fish are cold-blooded vertebrates that live in streams, lakes and oceans. They are abundant in both fresh and salt water. There are over 28,000 known species of fish on the planet.

More information

Marine Fishes. Chapter 12

Marine Fishes. Chapter 12 Marine Fishes Chapter 12 12.1 Protochordates and Jawless Fishes Chordates animals having dorsal nerve cord, notochord, and pharyngeal gill slits at some stage of development; includes all protochordates

More information

Arthropoda. Phylum 5 SUBPHYLA: 1hylTrilobitmorpha 2hylCrustacea 3hylChelicerata 4 Myriapoda (Diplopoda & Chilopoda) 5 Hexapoda (Insecta)

Arthropoda. Phylum 5 SUBPHYLA: 1hylTrilobitmorpha 2hylCrustacea 3hylChelicerata 4 Myriapoda (Diplopoda & Chilopoda) 5 Hexapoda (Insecta) Phylum Once upon a time there lived a fossil..!? Arthropoda 5 SUBPHYLA: 1hylTrilobitmorpha 2hylCrustacea 3hylChelicerata 4 Myriapoda (Diplopoda & Chilopoda) 5 Hexapoda (Insecta) Phylum Arthropoda (Send

More information

28.3 Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)

28.3 Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods) 28.3 Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods) Arthropods have paired, jointed appendages and a hard exoskeleton that contains chitin. The -chitinous exoskeleton consists of hardened plates separated by thin, membranotis

More information

Backyard Butterflies Teaching Guide

Backyard Butterflies Teaching Guide Backyard Butterflies Teaching Guide Lesson 6 THE BUTTERFLY OR ADULT Objective: 1. Learn the needs of the butterfly to survive. 2. Build a hanging butterfly cage to observe it movements. Materials: Student

More information

Phylum Molluska.

Phylum Molluska. Phylum Molluska www.onacd.ca 3 Main Classes of Mollusks GASTROPODA : includes limpets, snails, slugs and whelks BIVALVIA: includes clams, oysters, muscles, scallops and shipworms CEPHALOPODA: includes

More information

Lesson 6: Home Sweet Home in the Intertidal Zone

Lesson 6: Home Sweet Home in the Intertidal Zone Lesson 6: Home Sweet Home in the Intertidal Zone Focus Question: How do animals live in tidal habitats? Objectives: To identify habitats in the tidal area. To identify the abiotic/biotic factors plus physical

More information

ZOOPLANKTON. Zooplankton: 2. Crustaceans Copepods. Diverse -- protozoans and others

ZOOPLANKTON. Zooplankton: 2. Crustaceans Copepods. Diverse -- protozoans and others ZOOPLANKTON Diverse -- protozoans and others Nutrition modes: Herbivores (graze on phytoplankton) Carnivores (predators) Radiolaria Foraminifera Zooplankton: 1. Protozoans: Foraminifera and Radiolarians

More information

Lightning Whelk. Atlan)c Moon Snail

Lightning Whelk. Atlan)c Moon Snail Giant Atlan)c Cockle Can live in shallow water up to 30 meters (100 feet) deep. Have a muscular foot to burrow into sand. Both halves are the same size and shape ( equivalves ). Can be eaten in chowder.

More information

JELLYFISH CHARACTERISTICS

JELLYFISH CHARACTERISTICS JELLYFISH CHARACTERISTICS More than 200 species of jellyfish inhabit Earth's waters! Jellyfish, despite their name, are not fish. Instead, they are invertebrates (any animal lacking a backbone). In fact,

More information

Circulation and Gas Exchange Chapter 42

Circulation and Gas Exchange Chapter 42 Circulation and Gas Exchange Chapter 42 Circulatory systems link exchange surfaces with cells throughout the body Diffusion is only efficient over small distances In small and/or thin animals, cells can

More information

Any Age. Ocean Animals. Express Lapbook SAMPLE PAGE. A Journey Through Learning

Any Age. Ocean Animals. Express Lapbook SAMPLE PAGE. A Journey Through Learning A J T L Any Age Ocean Animals Express Lapbook Mini Lapbook, Study Guide, Activities, and Crafts A Journey Through Learning www.ajourneythroughlearning.com Copyright 2013 A Journey Through Learning 1 Authors-Paula

More information

Fishing for Red Drum

Fishing for Red Drum Fishing for Red Drum Overview: Grade Level 5 th -8 th Objectives * To be able generate a graph based on current fishery data. * To be able to predict red drum weights and ages based on length. * To understand

More information

KINGDOM ANIMALIA. 2 nd half.

KINGDOM ANIMALIA. 2 nd half. 1 st half. KINGDOM ANIMALIA Phylum Porifera Phylum Cnidaria Phylum Platyhelminthes Phylum Nemertina Phylum Nematoda Phylum Rotifera Phylum Annelida Phylum Arthropoda Phylum Mollusca Phylum Bryozoa Phylum

More information

Kingdom Animalia: Sponges. Types of Body Symmetry Radial body parts are symmetrical around a central point (like a pie)

Kingdom Animalia: Sponges. Types of Body Symmetry Radial body parts are symmetrical around a central point (like a pie) Kingdom Animalia: Phylum Characteristics Types of Body Symmetry Radial body parts are symmetrical around a central point (like a pie) Bilateral right and left sides are alike and roughly equally proportional

More information

The Human Body. Everyone Needs Healthy Systems. Blood Vessels

The Human Body. Everyone Needs Healthy Systems. Blood Vessels The Human Body Everyone Needs Healthy Systems There are several systems that make up the human body. Although their functions differ, they all work together to keep your body running smoothly. Some of

More information

A Stream In A Bucket An introduction to aquatic macroinvertebrates and other stream life.

A Stream In A Bucket An introduction to aquatic macroinvertebrates and other stream life. A Stream In A Bucket An introduction to aquatic macroinvertebrates and other stream life. Safety Notes: Stream water is not sterile. Students should be instructed not to allow any water to enter their

More information

Louisiana Shells. Focus/Overview: Learning Objectives:

Louisiana Shells. Focus/Overview: Learning Objectives: Louisiana Shells Focus/Overview: In this 3 part activity, students will learn about shells and mollusks, specific Louisiana mollusks, and classify different mollusk shells. Learning Objectives: The Students

More information

Adaptations of Flora and Fauna in Rhode Island s s Estuaries

Adaptations of Flora and Fauna in Rhode Island s s Estuaries Adaptations of Flora and Fauna in Rhode Island s s Estuaries Presented by: Kimberly Sullivan RIDEM Division of Fish and Wildlife Estuarine Habitats One of the most biologically diverse habitats in the

More information

Atlantic Ocean Rocky Shore Zones Guide

Atlantic Ocean Rocky Shore Zones Guide Atlantic Ocean Rocky Shore Zones Guide ocean. Although specific types of algae and animals are often found in the particular zones outlined below, living organisms can be found in different zones. Zone

More information

Fishes and Amphibians Objectives

Fishes and Amphibians Objectives Fishes and Amphibians Objectives List the four common body parts of chordates. Describe the two main characteristics of vertebrates. Explain the difference between an ectotherm and an endotherm. Describe

More information

Mollusks and Annelids. Chapter 23+

Mollusks and Annelids. Chapter 23+ Mollusks and Annelids Chapter 23+ 1 Annelids and Mollusks Coelomates Trochophore larvae Bilateral symmetry More complex organ systems 2 Moving On Up 3 Coelom Coelomates Evolutionary milestone True body

More information

West African Lungfish A living fossil s biological and behavioral adaptations

West African Lungfish A living fossil s biological and behavioral adaptations VideoMedia Spotlight West African Lungfish A living fossil s biological and behavioral adaptations For the complete video with media resources, visit: http://education.nationalgeographic.org/media/west-african-lungfish/

More information

Terms of Use. Copyright Natural Beach Living

Terms of Use. Copyright Natural Beach Living Terms of Use All rights reserved. No part of this packet may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means - electronic, mechanical, photo-copies, recording, or otherwise

More information

The Fishes: Vertebrate Success. in Water

The Fishes: Vertebrate Success. in Water The Fishes: The Fishes: Vertebrate Success Vertebrate Success in Water in Water Chapter 18 Chapter 18 Phylum Chordata (45,000 species)- notochord, pharyngeal slits, dorsal tubular nerve cord, postanal

More information

Dead Perch Parts. ACADEMIC STANDARDS: 4 th Grade B. Know that living things are made up of parts that have specific functions.

Dead Perch Parts. ACADEMIC STANDARDS: 4 th Grade B. Know that living things are made up of parts that have specific functions. Dead Perch Parts Fish Anatomy Adapted from: An original Creek Connections activity created from the Fish Anatomy model. Grade Level: Intermediate or advanced Duration: 30 minutes Setting: classroom Summary:

More information

[Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document

[Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document [Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of

More information

BENSON PARK POND FISH SPECIES

BENSON PARK POND FISH SPECIES BENSON PARK POND FISH SPECIES Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) From the Greek, lepomis means scaled gill cover and macrochirus means large hand, in reference to its body shape and size. Average adult size

More information

Videoconferencing pre/post materials

Videoconferencing pre/post materials Dear Teacher, Videoconferencing pre/post materials We are looking forward to our interactive videoconference with you and your students. During the program your students will have the opportunity to explore

More information

The Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef The Great Barrier Reef The Great Barrier Reef Where are the most biologically diverse places on the planet? If I asked you this question, you might guess the Amazon rainforest in Brazil or the jungles

More information

SHARKS. How sharks work

SHARKS. How sharks work SHARKS How sharks work College of Marine Sciences Shanghai Ocean University 2017 Shark shapes All sharks have the same basic body plan- a head with eyes, nostrils and a month, and a body with a tail and

More information

Prof.Dr.Hanan M Mitwally, Marine Biology. Objectives

Prof.Dr.Hanan M Mitwally, Marine Biology. Objectives Definition. Benthos & Nekton Objectives Some forms of phyto-benthos. Relationship between size of organisms and abundance. Marine Animals. Marine invertebrates. Coral reefs Marine vertebrates. Fish Mammals.

More information

a. Kingdom: b. Phylum: c. Class: d. Order: e. Family: f. Genus: g. Species:

a. Kingdom: b. Phylum: c. Class: d. Order: e. Family: f. Genus: g. Species: Pre-lab Discussion: The earthworm belongs to a group of animals called annelids (segmented worms). The body of an annelid is usually divided internally and externally into well-defined segments, which

More information

Phylum Chordata Featuring Vertebrate Animals

Phylum Chordata Featuring Vertebrate Animals Phylum Chordata Featuring Vertebrate Animals Prepared by Diana C. Wheat For Linn-Benton Community College Characteristics All have a notochord: a stiff but flexible rod that extends the length of the body

More information

Phylum Platyhelminthes Phylum Nematoda Phylum Mollusca. By: Jerzylin, Beata & Jennifer

Phylum Platyhelminthes Phylum Nematoda Phylum Mollusca. By: Jerzylin, Beata & Jennifer Phylum Platyhelminthes Phylum Nematoda Phylum Mollusca By: Jerzylin, Beata & Jennifer Phylum Platyhelminthes Common Characteristics: Triploblastic Bilateral Symmetry Protostome No true stomach structure

More information

Armored Animal by Guy Belleranti

Armored Animal by Guy Belleranti What mammal lives only in the Americas, looks a little like a monster-sized pillbug, and wears a coat of armor on its back, head, legs, and tail? An armadillo, of course. What is an armadillo's armor like?

More information

GASEOUS EXCHANGE 17 JULY 2013

GASEOUS EXCHANGE 17 JULY 2013 GASEOUS EXCHANGE 17 JULY 2013 Lesson Description In this lesson we: Discuss what is gaseous exchange? Consider requirements of an efficient gaseous exchange surface. Look at diversity in gas exchange systems.

More information

CORE CURRICULUM CONTENT STANDARDS. Language Arts 1(12), 2(2,5) Science 3(1-3), 4(1,2), 5(1,4,6), 6(1,8) Arts 3(1,2), 5(1)

CORE CURRICULUM CONTENT STANDARDS. Language Arts 1(12), 2(2,5) Science 3(1-3), 4(1,2), 5(1,4,6), 6(1,8) Arts 3(1,2), 5(1) Lesson 11 Water Creatures How do insects survive under water? How are insects indicators of the health of a stream? Farmington River Watershed Education Curriculum: Elementary GOAL OBJECTIVES MATERIALS

More information

These two respiratory media (air & water) impose rather different constraints on oxygen uptake:

These two respiratory media (air & water) impose rather different constraints on oxygen uptake: Topic 19: OXYGEN UPTAKE AND TRANSPORT (lectures 29-30) OBJECTIVES: 1. Be able to compare air vs. water as a respiratory medium with respect to oxygen content, diffusion coefficient, viscosity and water

More information

Diadema antillarum (Long-spined Black Urchin)

Diadema antillarum (Long-spined Black Urchin) Diadema antillarum (Long-spined Black Urchin) Order: Diadematoida (Hollow-spined Sea Urchins) Class: Echinoidea (Sea Urchins) Phylum: Echinodermata (Starfish, Sea Urchins and Sea Cucumbers) Fig. 1. Long-spined

More information

The Great Shark Escape

The Great Shark Escape The Magic School Bus A Science Chapter Book #7 The Great Shark Escape Lapbook by Amy Yee. Yee Shall Know http:///www.yeeshallknow.com Lapbook Basics Follow the instructions in the following page(s) to

More information

Life Cycles: Egg, Nymph, Adult!

Life Cycles: Egg, Nymph, Adult! Life Cycles: Egg, Nymph, Adult! National Mississippi River Museum & Aquarium Environmental Education Curriculum Target Grades: K 5 Key Words: Subject Area: Duration: Life Cycle, Metamorphosis, Native Species,

More information

Animals of the Benthic Environment II

Animals of the Benthic Environment II Animals of the Benthic Environment II Anticipation Guide Name: Section: 1. he shallow offshore ocean floor extends from the spring low tide shoreline to the seaward edge of the continental shelf. 2. he

More information

LESSON 3. LIFE AT THE EDGE OF A FERTILE SEA The Birthplace of Marine Science

LESSON 3. LIFE AT THE EDGE OF A FERTILE SEA The Birthplace of Marine Science LESSON 3 LIFE AT THE EDGE OF A FERTILE SEA The Birthplace of Marine Science 1 Where people meet the sea 2 A fish spawning on the beach 3 Why animals are well adapted 4 Challenges of a rocky seashore 5

More information

All about Jenkinson s Aquarium. By The Tiger Class February

All about Jenkinson s Aquarium. By The Tiger Class February All about Jenkinson s Aquarium By The Tiger Class February 2 2017 Table of Contents 1. Introduction 3 2. Harbor Seals 4,5 3. Penguins 6,7 4. Pythons 8 5. Fish 9 6. Sea Urchins 10 7. Eels 11 8. Stingrays

More information

SHARKS. Life in the water

SHARKS. Life in the water SHARKS Life in the water College of Marine Sciences Shanghai Ocean University 2017 On the move Most sharks don t have a fixed home. They are constantly swimming, looking for food or mate. Sharks don t

More information

Crustaceans. =shelled creatures; the insects of the sea. some crustaceans live for several decades; some molt throughout life.

Crustaceans. =shelled creatures; the insects of the sea. some crustaceans live for several decades; some molt throughout life. Crustaceans =shelled creatures; the insects of the sea ~67,000 species eg: lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, crabs, water fleas, copepods, barnacles, pill bugs, etc crustaceans are mostly aquatic, mostly marine

More information

Ch. 10 The Open Sea: Pelagic Zone away. from coast/continental shelf. Little upwelling & low primary productivity = most animals stay

Ch. 10 The Open Sea: Pelagic Zone away. from coast/continental shelf. Little upwelling & low primary productivity = most animals stay Ch. 10: The Open Sea Ch. 10 The Open Sea: Pelagic Zone Pelagic Zone away Away from coast, over continental shelf from coast/continental shelf. Little upwelling & low primary productivity = most animals

More information

Cardiovascular Laboratory Biol 106. In this exercise, you will:

Cardiovascular Laboratory Biol 106. In this exercise, you will: Cardiovascular Laboratory Biol 106 In this exercise, you will: 1) measure an electrical cardiogram of your own heart. 2) Investigate the human dive response 3) Dissect a mammalian heart 4) observe the

More information

Nature s Innovations. Activity Subject: Biomimicry Grade Level: 7 12 grades

Nature s Innovations. Activity Subject: Biomimicry Grade Level: 7 12 grades Nature s Innovations Video Titles: Sponges: Filter Feeding Made Visible; Sponge Animation: Wild Ride Through a Sponge; Cnidarians: Deep Sea Research; Flatworms: The First Hunter; Annelids: Abarenicola,

More information

As a college student majoring in wildlife management,

As a college student majoring in wildlife management, S l i t h e to the Sargasso A As a college student majoring in wildlife management, I envisioned studying grizzly bears in Alaska, elk in Yellowstone National Park, or climbing cliffs in the Rocky Mountains

More information

Edible, and. Coral Reefs! Photo: CEDixon

Edible, and. Coral Reefs! Photo: CEDixon Spreadable, Edible, and Incredible Coral Reefs! Carrie Dixon Discovery Hall Programs Dauphin Island Sea Lab, AL Photo: CEDixon National Science Content Standards Life Science Content Standard, Grades K-4:

More information

Chapter 5 Marine Protozoans and Invertebrates

Chapter 5 Marine Protozoans and Invertebrates Chapter 5 Marine Protozoans and Invertebrates I. The Protozoans A. Kindgom Protista a catch-all category B. Characteristics 1. Mode of nutrition 2. Single-celled or multicellular? 3. Cell structure 4.

More information

Over the next few weeks, we will be learning all about the Coral Reef Ecosystems that surround much of the Australian coastline.

Over the next few weeks, we will be learning all about the Coral Reef Ecosystems that surround much of the Australian coastline. Over the next few weeks, we will be learning all about the Coral Reef Ecosystems that surround much of the Australian coastline. You will need to complete the tasks set out below and hand them in at the

More information

Scripps Classroom Connection. Kelp Forest

Scripps Classroom Connection. Kelp Forest Kelp Forest Giant kelp grows in thick forests along the U.S. west coast. It is a fast-growing primary producer a brown algae. It thrives in cold waters with a lot of nitrogen. Over 700 species of fish,

More information

Aquatic Animal Diversity Background

Aquatic Animal Diversity Background Aquatic Animal Diversity Background Background information for The Water Pixies: The Life Cycle of Aquatic Animals and Aquatic Animal Adaptations. Animals have unique strategies for development that also

More information