Competitiveness of scallopersin the English Channel

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1 Competitiveness of scallopersin the English Channel Simon Mardle (Fishor Consulting) Bertrand Le Gallic (University of Western Brittany)

2 Contents Introduction Shape of scalloping industry (production-> value chain) Fleets and regulations Indicators Prices Competitiveness Innovations Conclusions

3 Introduction Evaluation of the competitiveness of (coastal) king scallop fisheries in the English Channel Scallops are a high value species, with scallop fisheries often specifically targeted by dedicated vessels using dredge. Challenges that fishermen face with regard to technical measures and marine planning issues, including spatial management. Important challenges associated with further integrated management initiatives, especially between France and UK, and the risks associated with Brexit. Approaches to add value to local scallops, including approaches to fishing, direct sales and certification programmes increase competitiveness. Innovations that are apparent in these fleets and the value chains that they use. Can changes improve competitiveness of vessels and fleets targeting scallops?

4 Scallop landings Source: AER, 2015

5 Value chain UK LANDINGS * 28,155 t; 66.2m ^ 100% live whole EXPORTS * 9,464 t; 104.0m ^ 70% live whole, 30% processed France 41% Italy 27% Spain 14% France 67% Ireland 10% Italy 10% IMPORTS * 336 t; 4.0m ^ 10% live whole, 80% frozen, 10% unknown PROCESSING/WHOLESALE est. IN * : 28,497 t; 70.7m OUT est. : 10,537 t; 121.3m IN: 99% live whole, 1% processed OUT: 63% whole, 37% processed RETAIL 665 t; 19.1m ^ 100% processed ^ 63% fresh, 37% frozen UK AQUACULTURE * 6 t; 0.06m ^ 100% live whole ** est. FOODSERVICE 408 t; 16.2m est. 100% processed UK France Source: SUCCESS, 2015

6 Regulations Number of vessels Licenses (shellfish) Number of dredges (inshore offshore) Closed seasons (fishing pressure) Closed areas (Natura etc) Days at sea (Western Waters Management Scheme) Quotas (daily, weekly)

7 Scallop production in the English Channel UNDER 10m 2013 E3 E4 E5 E6 E7 E8 E9 F0 F1 SCO ALL U10M ,210 tonnes , m 2013 E3 E4 E5 E6 E7 E8 E9 F0 F1 SCO ALL , O10T15M , ,200 tonnes , , OVER 15m 2013 E3 E4 E5 E6 E7 E8 E9 F0 F1 SCO ALL ,104 6,931 4,620 O15M , , ,652 tonnes , , Source: FIDES, 2016

8 Coastal fleets France m m >24m UK m m >24m Source: AER, 2015

9 Productivity CPUE Scotland Dredge Scallops O10T15M O15M U10M England Dredge Scallops France Dredge Scallops CPUE CPUE U10M O10T15M O15M O10T15M O15M U10M Source: FIDES, 2016

10 Prices at production Country Vessel length VIId VIIe VIId VIIe France 0-10m France 10-12m France 12-18m France 18-24m France 24-40m France Average UK 0-10m UK 10-12m UK 12-18m UK 18-24m UK 24-40m UK >40m UK Average Average prices of SCE by DREDGE Country Vessel length VIa VIIa VIa VIIa UK VL UK VL UK VL UK VL UK VL UK VL40XX 1.99 UK Average West of Scotland and Irish Sea Source: AER, 2015

11 A view of competitiveness Competitiveness (Turnover / Net profit) Competitiveness (Turnover / Net profit) Under 10m 12-18m 24-40m Under 10m 12-18m 24-40m UK France Source: AER, 2015

12 Room for improvement 1 1. Differentiating the product MSC in UK; SSMO Shetland inshore scallop(750 tons in total) Label Rouge in France - coquille-saint-jacques-de-normandie-label-rouge.html); Why is this so important but difficult: traceability? Example: 'local recipes' made of imported labeled product (e.g. Maréval ( 30-de-noix); incl. when the raw product is coming from 'aquaculture' (see attached Japanese scallops sold fresh or chilled in France...) The way forward: what about the Normandy and Jersey (certified) Lobster fishery? (

13 Room for improvement 2 2. Consolidation of the sector (UK) Direct contract between producers and wholesalers Vertical integration (EP, 2016, Seafood industry Integration in the EU): The general trend, in cases of structural vertical integration, has been fish catching companies investing in downstream segments To what extent? Ian Smith, CEO of Clearwater Seafoodssaid, "The acquisition of Macduff brings together two of the world's leading and fastest growing vertically integrated wild shellfish harvesters.

14 Room for improvement 3 2. Consolidation of the sector (France) Merging of key wholesalers (another form of vertical integration ) 1 st April 2017: Le GraëtGroup and Gallenjoined force 12 SMEs; 200 m. turnover Process following the consolidation trend started in the wholesale sector in May 2015 (Océallianceand Mariteam) and July 2016 (ViviersBégantonand Méricq) the (unsuccessful) buying of the CME wholesale entity in 2013 by Le Graët Group and Unipêche(Boulogne sur Mer) the (successful) buying of Marée de Saint-Malo by Le GraëtGroup in 2008 (Bertrand Desplat: this acquisition enables to reinforce partnerships with fishermen in the ports along the Channel Coast

15 Room for improvement 4 3. Towards better management of the resource (see also label ) Legal context: UNCLOS (Art ) States Parties should cooperate in case of jointly managed fish stocks that appears in the EEZ of two or more States Channel Fisheries (Recent) Historical context GAP 2 2 nd collaborativeworkshop Feb. 2015: There was support for the principle of harmonisationof measuresin Area VIID ( ) Some collaborative measures discussed included the possibility for UK and French fishermen to fish with the same mesh size.this type of constructive dialogue demonstrates there are measures fishermen can come together on. Common objective: Ensuring better (long term) management and getting higher prices (incl. by differentiating local king scallops (pectenmaximus) from other imported products

16 Room for improvement 5 However, September 2016: Nash / Non-cooperative equilibrium (the more I take, the less you have!) «Le marché est actuellement inondé de coquilles congelées provenant du Royaume-Uni mais prélevées de façon massive sur nos propres côtes», dénoncent les pêcheurs français, qui ont engagé des démarches pour valoriser la coquille Saint-Jacques en tant que produit frais haut de gamme.

17 Conclusions Scallop sector is a specific production and important in both UK and France In UK 3 rd most valuable species in 2014, in France 4 th (domestic catches) Scallop is a coastal species but targeted by a range of vessels mostly using dredge this has been shown that it can be sustainable! Highly regulated but not by catches! Difficult to assess stocks (growth, sedentary nature etc) ICES have started The closed season between UK and France is a significant difference Productivity and competitiveness What could a more competitive scallop industry look like?

18 Thank you The SUCCESS project has received funding from the European Union s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No

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