Making Sense of Genetics Problems

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Making Sense of Genetics Problems"

Transcription

1 Bio 101 Ms. Bledsoe Making Sense of Geneics roblems Monohbrid crosses Le s sar wih somehing simle: crossing wo organisms and waching how one single rai comes ou in he offsring. Le s use eas, as Mendel did. Suose ou are working wih he heigh gene in eas. he heigh gene has wo alleles: all and shor. We ll use o reresen he all allele, and for he shor allele. Each individual ea lan is diloid, so i mus have wo coies of he gene (one from each aren) in ever bod cell. However, gamees are haloid. When a ea lan reroduces, i can onl donae one of is heigh genes o each offsring eiher he one i go from he female aren, or he one i go from he male aren. Wha heigh alleles can an one ea lan u in is gamees? Deends uon he genoe of he lan. Here is how he alleles will be disribued o he gamees in he following individuals: condiion of aren genoe gamees Homozgous dominan > onl Heerozgous > and Homozgous recessive > onl A unne square is a wa of finding ou wha he raios of henoes and genoes of he offsring will be. When we make a unne square, we u he gamees of he arens ouside he square and combine hem in all ossible was o ge he offsring. In monohbrid crosses, he gamees will all be reresened b a single leer, since we re following onl one rai and each gamee is haloid. he resuling offsring should each be reresened b a air of leers, since he will all be diloid individuals. Here are some examles, crossing various arens: x x x x (noe: his could be a single-square unne square) (noe: hese wo could be wo-square unne squares) However, hese squares do no describe acual oucomes. he redic he chances of he offsring having a aricular rai. For insance, he second square shows us ha each offsring has a 3 in 4 chance (75% or 0.75) of being all.

2 Dihbrid Crosses Here s where man eole ge ino rouble when he do geneics roblems. he do fine uing single leers on o of boxes, even if he don undersand wha he leers mean. Bu give hem wo rais a once, and he sar uing single leers on o of he unne square boxes and don undersand how o inerre he resuls. Le s have a look a how o handle crosses where we follow wo rais a once. Again, we ll work wih ea lans. Suose we wan o follow he rais of heigh a ea color. he heigh gene has wo alleles: all and shor. We ll use o reresen he all allele, and for he shor allele. he color gene also has wo alleles: ellow and green, where ellow is dominan and green is recessive. We ll use o reresen he ellow allele, and for he green allele. Remember, ea lan bod cells are diloid, so each cell will have a air of he heigh alleles and a air of he color alleles. Gamees are haloid, so each gamee will have one of he heigh alleles and one of he color alleles. Wha heigh and color alleles can an one ea lan u in is gamees? Deends uon he genoe of he lan. Here is how he alleles will be disribued o he gamees in he following individuals: genoe gamees onl and and and and and Noe ha each individual us one allele of each gene in each gamee. Since we re following wo rais a once, each gamee mus have one allele of each of he wo genes ha s wh here are wo leers in each gamee. Wha gamees would he following individuals be able o make? genoe gamees Now how do we cross wo individuals and rack he rais as he sor ou in he offsring? Remember, he leers ha go across he o and he sides of he unne square reresen he ossible gamees each aren roduces. Use he able above o hel ou figure ou wha ossible gamees each aren in a cross can donae.

3 For examle, wha if we cross wo individuals who are boh heerozgous for each rai? We wrie he genoes of hese ea lans as. Using he able above, ou can see ha hese ea lans can roduce four kinds of gamees:,,, and. We re going o have o use a unne square ha is four squares b four squares: he henoic raio of his cross (beween wo individuals who are heerozgous for boh rais is he classic 9:3:3:1 raio. Bu nine wha? hree wha? One wha? If ou coun u he individuals wih each of he following henoe, we ll see: henoe frequenc all, ellow 9/16 all, green 3/16 shor, ellow 3/16 shor, green 1/16 So, on our exams and quizzes, be sure o sae wha he numbers of our raios refer o. Bu is his he onl raio we can ge wih a dihbrid cross? Le s find ou. Suose we sar wih an individual who is all and ellow, and one ha is all and green. Suose also we know he genoe of each individual:,. Le s do his cross as follows: 1) Figure ou wha alleles each aren can u in is gamees. aren ossible gamees and and and and 2) Se u he square for his cross: henoe frequenc all, ellow 5/8 all, green 1/8 shor, ellow 1/8 shor, green 1/8

4 rihbrid crosses and beond Oka, unne squares for monohbrid crosses are fairl simle. Dihbrid crosses are harder, bu undersandable. Bu wha if we wan o wach hree, four, or more rais all a once? Well, we could sar wih he rais of he arens, find heir genoes, and hen figure ou heir gamees, and make a unne square. Le s see how we could do ha wih hree rais in eas. Suose ou have a lan ha is all and has green eas. Suose i also has urle flowers, which are dominan over whie. And suose ou know he ea lan is heerozgous for all hree rais (). Wha alleles will his individual u in is gamees? ou can se u a forked diagram o figure his ou, like so: gamees Le s see ha s eigh differen ossible gamees. If ou cross wo ea lans ha are heerozgous for all hree rais, ou ll have o make a unne square ha is eigh b eigh, or sixfour squares oal. Do ou reall wan o do ha? I didn hink so. Would ou like an easier wa? (his will work for dihbrid crosses as well.) Le s consider each of he rais searael, hen use he rules of robabili o figure ou he robabili of several rais occurring a once. he basic rules of robabili are as follows: robabili of wo evens haening a once (even 1 AND even 2) = (robabili of even 1) (robabili of even 2) robabili of eiher even 1 OR even 2 occurring = robabili of even 1 + robabili of even 2 So, le s consider he above ea lan,. Le s r crossing his lan wih anoher lan of he same genoe, ha is, anoher. Firs, use unne squares o figure ou he robabiliies for each individual rai in he offsring:

5 heigh ea color flower color all: 3/4 or 0.75 ellow: 3/4 or 0.75 urle: 3/4 or 0.75 shor: 1/4 or 0.25 green: 1/4 or 0.25 whie: 1/4 or 0.25 Suose we cross hose wo eas ha are heerozgous for all hree rais and wan o know wha he robabili is of geing offsring ha are all, wih ellow eas and urle flowers. Here s how i works: robabili of an offsring being all = 0.75 robabili of an offsring having ellow eas = 0.75 robabili of an offsring having urle flowers = 0.75 robabili of an offsring being all AND having ellow eas AND having urle flowers = (0.75)(0.75)(0.75) = 0.42 (ha is, 42%) We can also find ou he robabili of an oher combinaion of rais in he offsring of hese wo arens: robabili of an offsring being shor AND having green eas AND having whie flowers = (0.25)(0.25)(0.25) = (or 1.5%) robabili of an offsring being all AND having green eas AND having whie flowers = (0.75)(0.25)(0.25) = (or 4.7%) Wha if he arens aren heerozgous for all hree rais? Bu suose hose eas we alread discussed aren he wo arens we sar wih? Le s see wha haens when we cross he following wo eas: x Now if ou work ou he unne squares for each searae rai, he robabiliies are: all = 0.5 ellow = 0.75 urle = 0.5 shor = 0.5 green = 0.25 whie = 0.5 Now consider he offsring: robabili of an offsring being all AND having ellow eas AND having urle flowers = (0.5)(0.75)(0.5) = 0.19 (or 19%) robabili of an offsring being shor AND having green eas AND having whie flowers = (0.5)(.25)(0.5) = 0.06 (or 6%) robabili of an offsring being all AND having green eas AND having whie flowers = (0.5)(0.25)(0.5) = 0.06 (or 6%)

6 Le s hrow in anoher comlicaion. Wha if he rais include one ha shows incomlee dominance, codominance, or sex linkage? We can sill solve he roblem using he robabili mehod. Suose a married coule knows ha he are boh carriers for Csic Fibrosis. In addiion, he woman has a faher who was color blind (a sex-linked rai), which means she has o carr one recessive color blind allele on he X chromosome she go from her faher. Wha are he odds ha a son of heirs will have Csic Fibrosis and be color blind? Csic fibrosis gene Color blind gene normal child = 0.75 normal girl =.5 CF child = 0.25 normal bo =.25 color blind bo =.25 o find ou he robabili of geing a color blind son wih CF, we muli he robabili of an one child having CF b he robabili of geing a color blind bo: (0.25)(0.25) = (or 6.2%) chance of geing a color blind CF bo. Consider incomlee dominance, also. Le s r crossing wo of he common garden flowers, he Four O clocks. hese flowers come in all or dwarf (shor) forms, and heir flowers are red, ink, or whie. Use for all and for shor as in eas. Use R for red and R for whie, where RR resuls in red flowers, RR will roduce ink flowers, and R R will resul in whie flowers. Cross a lan ha is heerozgous for heigh () and is red (RR) wih one ha is heerozgous for heigh () and whie (R R ). he robabiliies for hese rais showing u in he offsring are: Heigh gene Flower color gene all = 0.75 Red = 0.25 shor = 0.25 ink = 0.5 Whie = 0.25 Wha is he robabili of geing lans ha are: all and red flowered? (0.75)(0.25) = all and ink flowered? (0.75)(0.5) = shor and whie flowered? (0.25)(0.25) = And so on wih an oher combinaion of rais.

KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS SKILLS. 1. An allele is one of the two or more forms of a gene present in a population. MATERIALS AND ADVANCE PREPARATION

KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS SKILLS. 1. An allele is one of the two or more forms of a gene present in a population. MATERIALS AND ADVANCE PREPARATION Gene Squares 61 40- o 2 3 50-minue sessions ACIVIY OVERVIEW P R O B L E M S O LV I N G SUMMARY Sudens use Punne squares o predic he approximae frequencies of rais among he offspring of specific crier crosses.

More information

Time & Distance SAKSHI If an object travels the same distance (D) with two different speeds S 1 taking different times t 1

Time & Distance SAKSHI If an object travels the same distance (D) with two different speeds S 1 taking different times t 1 www.sakshieducaion.com Time & isance The raio beween disance () ravelled by an objec and he ime () aken by ha o ravel he disance is called he speed (S) of he objec. S = = S = Generally if he disance ()

More information

Morningstar Investor Return

Morningstar Investor Return Morningsar Invesor Reurn Morningsar Mehodology Paper March 3, 2009 2009 Morningsar, Inc. All righs reserved. The informaion in his documen is he propery of Morningsar, Inc. Reproducion or ranscripion by

More information

What the Puck? an exploration of Two-Dimensional collisions

What the Puck? an exploration of Two-Dimensional collisions Wha he Puck? an exploraion of Two-Dimensional collisions 1) Have you ever played 8-Ball pool and los he game because you scrached while aemping o sink he 8-Ball in a corner pocke? Skech he sho below: Each

More information

The t-test. What We Will Cover in This Section. A Research Situation

The t-test. What We Will Cover in This Section. A Research Situation The -es 1//008 P331 -ess 1 Wha We Will Cover in This Secion Inroducion One-sample -es. Power and effec size. Independen samples -es. Dependen samples -es. Key learning poins. 1//008 P331 -ess A Research

More information

KINEMATICS IN ONE DIMENSION

KINEMATICS IN ONE DIMENSION chaper KINEMATICS IN ONE DIMENSION Secion 2.1 Displacemen Secion 2.2 Speed and Velociy 1. A paricle ravels along a curved pah beween wo poins P and Q as shown. The displacemen of he paricle does no depend

More information

Saving Behavior and Cognitive Abilities: Supplementary Materials. T. Parker Ballinger, Eric Hudson, Leonie Karkoviata and Nathaniel T.

Saving Behavior and Cognitive Abilities: Supplementary Materials. T. Parker Ballinger, Eric Hudson, Leonie Karkoviata and Nathaniel T. Saving Behavior and Cogniive Abiliies: Sulemenar Maerials b. Parer Ballinger, Eric Hudson, Leonie Karoviaa and Nahaniel. Wilcox Sulemenar Maerial A: he Income Sreams he hard, moderae and eas ses of income

More information

Genetic Mapping Exercise - Extra Credit. Do not work together - each person to do their own work.

Genetic Mapping Exercise - Extra Credit. Do not work together - each person to do their own work. Geneic Mapping Execise - Exa Cedi Name Secion # Do no ok ogehe - each peson o do hei on ok. hen loci of diffeen allelic goups ae on he same chomosome, linkage occus bu is no absolue. Cossing-ove alays

More information

Genetics and Punnett Squares

Genetics and Punnett Squares Name: Class: Date: Genetics and Punnett Squares Introduction The results of crossing two individuals can be predicted by making a Punnett square. At the top of the square, the two possible alleles from

More information

Name Class Date. Step 2: Rearrange the acceleration equation to solve for final speed. a v final v initial v. final v initial v.

Name Class Date. Step 2: Rearrange the acceleration equation to solve for final speed. a v final v initial v. final v initial v. Skills Workshee Mah Skills Acceleraion Afer you sudy each sample problem and soluion, work ou he pracice problems on a separae shee of paper. Wrie your answers in he spaces provided. In 1970, Don Big Daddy

More information

Overview. Do white-tailed tailed and mule deer compete? Ecological Definitions (Birch 1957): Mule and white-tailed tailed deer potentially compete.

Overview. Do white-tailed tailed and mule deer compete? Ecological Definitions (Birch 1957): Mule and white-tailed tailed deer potentially compete. COMPETITION BETWEEN MULE AND WHITE- TAILED DEER METAPOPULATIONS IN NORTH-CENTRAL WASHINGTON E. O. Garon, Kris Hennings : Fish and Wildlife Dep., Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844 Maureen Murphy, and Seve

More information

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE. This file can only be used to produce a handout master:

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE. This file can only be used to produce a handout master: INSTRUCTIONS OR USE This file can only be used o produce a handou maser: Use Prin from he ile menu o make a prinou of he es. You may no modify he conens of his file. IMPORTNT NOTICE: You may prin his es

More information

Automatic air-main charging and pressure control system for compressed air supplies

Automatic air-main charging and pressure control system for compressed air supplies Auomaic air-main charging and pressure conrol sysem for compressed air supplies Type PCS A module from he sysem -vacorol Swiching on-off a compressed air uni in a compressed air supply generally akes place

More information

Chapter 2: Traits and How They Change

Chapter 2: Traits and How They Change Chapter 2: Traits and How They Change Section 2: Genetics Heredity x Genetics Mendel s experiments Punnett Square For the test: study the powerpoint and textbook 1)What is Heredity? 2)What is genetics?

More information

San Francisco State University ECON 560 Fall Midterm Exam 2. Tuesday, October hour, 15 minutes

San Francisco State University ECON 560 Fall Midterm Exam 2. Tuesday, October hour, 15 minutes San Francisco Sae Universiy Micael Bar ECON 560 Fall 207 Miderm Exam 2 Tuesday, Ocober 3 our, 5 minues Name: Insrucions. Tis is closed book, closed noes exam. 2. No calculaors or elecronic devices of any

More information

Biol 321 Genetics S 02 Exam #1

Biol 321 Genetics S 02 Exam #1 Biol 321 Genetics S 02 Exam #1 Name: 1. (8 pts) The main concept in the central dogma of molecular biology is that DNA does not code for protein directly but rather acts through an intermediary molecule

More information

COIN th JRC Annual Training on Composite Indicators and MCDA 22-26/09/2014, Ispra IT. Dorota Weziak-Bialowolska.

COIN th JRC Annual Training on Composite Indicators and MCDA 22-26/09/2014, Ispra IT. Dorota Weziak-Bialowolska. Doroa Weziak-Bialowolska 1h JRC Annual Training on Comosie ndiaors and MCDA Doroa Weziak-Bialowolska 1h JRC Annual Training on Comosie ndiaors and MCDA Normalizaion vs. denominaion 1 h JRC Annual Training

More information

CHAPTER TEST REVIEW, LESSONS 4-1 TO 4-5

CHAPTER TEST REVIEW, LESSONS 4-1 TO 4-5 IB PHYSICS Name: DEVIL PHYSICS Perio: Dae: BADDEST CLASS ON CAMPUS CHAPTER TEST REVIEW, LESSONS 4- TO 4-5 S. Waer waves a he surface of a pon pass a floaing log of lengh L. The log is a res relaive o he

More information

X-Sheet 4 Genetics: Inheritance and Terminology

X-Sheet 4 Genetics: Inheritance and Terminology X-Sheet 4 Genetics: Inheritance and Terminology 21 Key Concepts Genetics is a science and specific terms are used. Make sure that you know and understand the following terms before you continue. Locus:

More information

RECOMMENDATION FOR INTERCHANGEABLE STUD BOLTS AND TAP END STUDS FOR API SPEC 6A FLANGES

RECOMMENDATION FOR INTERCHANGEABLE STUD BOLTS AND TAP END STUDS FOR API SPEC 6A FLANGES Issue Dae: June 6 15 Revision B June 2010 RECOMMENDAION FOR INERCHANGEABE UD BO AND A END UD FOR AI EC 6A FANGE ECHNICA REOR R501 Revision B AWHEM publicaions may be use by anyone esiring o o so. Every

More information

Machine Learning for Stock Selection

Machine Learning for Stock Selection Machine Learning for Sock Selecion Rober J. Yan Compuer Science Dep., The Uniersiy of Wesern Onario jyan@csd.uwo.ca Charles X. Ling Compuer Science Dep., The Uniersiy of Wesern Onario cling@csd.uwo.ca

More information

LSU RISK ASSESSMENT FORM Please read How to Complete a Risk Assessment before completion

LSU RISK ASSESSMENT FORM Please read How to Complete a Risk Assessment before completion Please read How o Complee a Risk Assessmen before compleion EVENT OR ACTIVITY BEING RISK ASSESSED (add name of even where relevan) NAME OF DEPARTMENT Squad Training Neball DATE OF COMPLETION OF RISK ASSESSMENT

More information

Full Name: Period: Heredity EOC Review

Full Name: Period: Heredity EOC Review Full Name: Period: 1 4 5 6 7 Heredity EOC Review Directions: For each genotype below, indicate whether it is a heterozygous (write: He) OR homozygous (write: Ho). 1. Tt BB DD ff tt dd dd Ff TT Bb bb FF

More information

The gene is a substance that satisfies two essential requirements:

The gene is a substance that satisfies two essential requirements: Gregor Mendel The term genetics (in Greek, means to generate) was coined by William Bateson in 1905 Original Mendelian definition of the gene (word coined by Johanssen from genetics ):That inherited

More information

Incomplete and Codominance

Incomplete and Codominance Incomplete and Codominance Snapdragons HUH? http://www.dobermann-review.com/info/genetics/mendels_genetic_laws/gregor%20mendel.jpg http://faculty.pnc.edu/pwilkin/incompdominance.jpg Explain the difference:

More information

Stock Return Expectations in the Credit Market

Stock Return Expectations in the Credit Market Sock Reurn Expecaions in he Credi Marke Hans Bysröm * Sepember 016 In his paper we compue long-erm sock reurn expecaions (across he business cycle) for individual firms using informaion backed ou from

More information

Punnet Squares. ! Objective: SWBAT explain what a punnett square is and use a punnett square.

Punnet Squares. ! Objective: SWBAT explain what a punnett square is and use a punnett square. Punnet Squares! Objective: SWBAT explain what a punnett square is and use a punnett square.! Warm Up: Why do sex cells (Sperm, eggs) only have 23 chromosomes and not 46 like the rest of our cells? Career

More information

Instruction Manual. Rugged PCB type. 1 Terminal Block. 2 Function. 3 Series Operation and Parallel Operation. 4 Assembling and Installation Method

Instruction Manual. Rugged PCB type. 1 Terminal Block. 2 Function. 3 Series Operation and Parallel Operation. 4 Assembling and Installation Method Rugged PCB ype Insrucion Manual 1 Terminal Block Funcion.1...4.5.6.7 Inpu volage range Inrush curren limiing Overcurren proecion Overvolage proecion Oupu volage adjusmen range Isolaion Remoe ON/OFF E9

More information

Performance Attribution for Equity Portfolios

Performance Attribution for Equity Portfolios PERFORMACE ATTRIBUTIO FOR EQUITY PORTFOLIOS Performance Aribuion for Equiy Porfolios Yang Lu and David Kane Inroducion Many porfolio managers measure performance wih reference o a benchmark. The difference

More information

Economics 487. Homework #4 Solution Key Portfolio Calculations and the Markowitz Algorithm

Economics 487. Homework #4 Solution Key Portfolio Calculations and the Markowitz Algorithm Economics 87 Homework # Soluion Key Porfolio Calculaions and he Markowiz Algorihm A. Excel Exercises: (10 poins) 1. Download he Excel file hw.xls from he class websie. This file conains monhly closing

More information

Market timing and statistical arbitrage: Which market timing opportunities arise from equity price busts coinciding with recessions?

Market timing and statistical arbitrage: Which market timing opportunities arise from equity price busts coinciding with recessions? Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, vol.1, no.1, 2011, 53-81 ISSN: 1792-6580 (prin version), 1792-6599 (online) Inernaional Scienific Press, 2011 Marke iming and saisical arbirage: Which marke iming

More information

HKS Colour System Colour system consisting of 3 series for optimum colour fidelity and colour identity

HKS Colour System Colour system consisting of 3 series for optimum colour fidelity and colour identity HKS Sysem sysem consising of 3 series for opimum colour fideliy and colour ideniy Base colour ink series for sheefed offse Produc feaures The HKS colour sysem consiss of he 3 spo colour ink series: Novavi

More information

Patterns of Intermediate Inheritance

Patterns of Intermediate Inheritance Patterns of Intermediate Inheritance Exceptions to Mendel s Principles Mendel s 3 principles provide us with an important foundation in building our knowledge of genetics. However, there are many types

More information

An Alternative Mathematical Model for Oxygen Transfer Evaluation in Clean Water

An Alternative Mathematical Model for Oxygen Transfer Evaluation in Clean Water An Alernaive Mahemaical Model for Oxygen Transfer Evaluaion in Clean Waer Yanjun (John) He 1, PE, BCEE 1 Kruger Inc., 41 Weson Parkway, Cary, NC 27513 Email: john.he@veolia.com ABSTRACT Energy consumpion

More information

MODEL SELECTION FOR VALUE-AT-RISK: UNIVARIATE AND MULTIVARIATE APPROACHES SANG JIN LEE

MODEL SELECTION FOR VALUE-AT-RISK: UNIVARIATE AND MULTIVARIATE APPROACHES SANG JIN LEE MODEL SELECTION FOR VALUE-AT-RISK: UNIVARIATE AND MULTIVARIATE APPROACHES By SANG JIN LEE Bachelor of Science in Mahemaics Yonsei Universiy Seoul, Republic of Korea 999 Maser of Business Adminisraion Yonsei

More information

Zelio Control Measurement Relays RM4L Liquid Level Relays

Zelio Control Measurement Relays RM4L Liquid Level Relays Zelio Conrol Measuremen elays FNCTIONS These devices monior he levels of conducive liquids. They conrol he acuaion of pumps or valves o regulae levels; hey are also suiable for proecing submersible pumps

More information

Gregor Mendel. 19 th century Austrian monk Studied pea plants in his garden. Father of modern genetics

Gregor Mendel. 19 th century Austrian monk Studied pea plants in his garden. Father of modern genetics GENETICS Gregor Mendel 19 th century Austrian monk Studied pea plants in his garden Father of modern genetics Blending Theory Incorrect idea that was popular during Mendel s time Thought that an offspring

More information

Methods for Estimating Term Structure of Interest Rates

Methods for Estimating Term Structure of Interest Rates Mehods for Esimaing Term Srucure of Ineres Raes Iskander Karibzhanov Absrac This paper compares differen inerpolaion algorihms for consrucing yield curves: cubic splines, linear and quadraic programming,

More information

VERTICAL DOUBLE TEAM TECHNIQUE ON POWER / COUNTER ( DUECE / TREY )

VERTICAL DOUBLE TEAM TECHNIQUE ON POWER / COUNTER ( DUECE / TREY ) VERICAL DOUBLE EA ECHNIQUE ON POER / COUNER ( DUECE / REY ) COACHING POIN: GE HIP O HIP IH KNEES ORKING NORH & SOUH; 4 HANDS ON DL & 4 EYES ON LBer. I. POS (INSIDE BLOCKER): GAIN VERICAL LEVERAGE (YOUR

More information

Guidance Statement on Calculation Methodology

Guidance Statement on Calculation Methodology Guidance Saemen on Calculaion Mehodology Adopion Dae: 28 Sepember 200 Effecive Dae: January 20 Reroacive Applicaion: No Required www.gipssandards.org 200 CFA Insiue Guidance Saemen on Calculaion Mehodology

More information

Avoiding Component Failure in Industrial Refrigeration Systems

Avoiding Component Failure in Industrial Refrigeration Systems Avoiding Componen Failure in Indusrial Refrigeraion Sysems By Tim Kroeger, segmen markeing manager indusrial refrigeraion, Asia Pacific & India The aricle caegorises and gives examples of ypical componen

More information

Real-time Stochastic Evacuation Models for Decision Support in Actual Emergencies

Real-time Stochastic Evacuation Models for Decision Support in Actual Emergencies Real-ime Sochasic Evacuaion Models for Decision Suppor in Acual Emergencies ARTURO CUESTA, DANIEL ALVEAR, ORLANDO ABREU and DELFÍN SILIÓ Transpors and echnology projecs and processes Universiy of Canabria

More information

Rolling ADF Tests: Detecting Rational Bubbles in Greater China Stock Markets

Rolling ADF Tests: Detecting Rational Bubbles in Greater China Stock Markets Singapore Managemen Universiy Insiuional Knowledge a Singapore Managemen Universiy Disseraions and Theses Collecion (Open Access) Disseraions and Theses 2008 Rolling ADF Tess: Deecing Raional Bubbles in

More information

Chapter 10: Dihybrid Cross Worksheet

Chapter 10: Dihybrid Cross Worksheet Name: Period: Date: Chapter 10: Dihybrid Cross Worksheet In rabbits, gray hair is dominant to white hair. Also in rabbits, black eyes are dominant to red eyes. These letters represent the genotypes of

More information

29 B ROUTE Bus Times Summer NOTES a = Time at Vicarage Way. * = On Schooldays bus operates up to 5 minutes later.

29 B ROUTE Bus Times Summer NOTES a = Time at Vicarage Way. * = On Schooldays bus operates up to 5 minutes later. Brighon Lewes Ringmer / Touris Aracions Lewes for Hisoric own wih Casle; Isfield for Lavender Line Railway; for Spa Valley Railway, Paniles CiySAVER ickes are only valid beween Brighon and Falmer. nework

More information

QUANTITATIVE FINANCE RESEARCH CENTRE. Optimal Time Series Momentum QUANTITATIVE FINANCE RESEARCH CENTRE QUANTITATIVE F INANCE RESEARCH CENTRE

QUANTITATIVE FINANCE RESEARCH CENTRE. Optimal Time Series Momentum QUANTITATIVE FINANCE RESEARCH CENTRE QUANTITATIVE F INANCE RESEARCH CENTRE QUANTITATIVE FINANCE RESEARCH CENTRE QUANTITATIVE F INANCE RESEARCH CENTRE QUANTITATIVE FINANCE RESEARCH CENTRE Research Paper 353 January 15 Opimal Time Series Momenum Xue-Zhong He, Kai Li and Youwei

More information

Proceedings of the ASME 28th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE2009 May 31 - June 5, 2009, Honolulu, Hawaii

Proceedings of the ASME 28th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE2009 May 31 - June 5, 2009, Honolulu, Hawaii Proceedings of he ASME 28h Inernaional Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arcic Engineering OMAE29 May 31 - June 5, 29, Honolulu, Hawaii OMAE29-79385 ANALYSIS OF THE TUNNEL IMMERSION FOR THE BUSAN-GEOJE

More information

What is a Practical (ASTM C 618) SAI--Strength Activity Index for Fly Ashes that can be used to Proportion Concretes Containing Fly Ash?

What is a Practical (ASTM C 618) SAI--Strength Activity Index for Fly Ashes that can be used to Proportion Concretes Containing Fly Ash? 2017 World of Coal Ash (WOCA) Conference in Lexingon, KY - May 9-11, 2017 hp://www.flyash.info/ Wha is a Pracical (ASTM C 618) SAI--Srengh Aciviy Index for Fly Ashes ha can be used o Proporion Concrees

More information

ITG Dynamic Daily Risk Model for Europe

ITG Dynamic Daily Risk Model for Europe December 2010 Version 1 ITG Dynamic Daily Risk Model for Europe 2010 All righs reserved. No o be reproduced or reransmied wihou permission. 121610 29140 These maerials are for informaional purposes only,

More information

Understanding Genetics

Understanding Genetics Understanding Genetics INDEX Understanding genetics 3 Carrier mating disease risks 5 While this booklet focuses on cattle as an example, this information is useful for all species. DNA is essential to

More information

Dynamics of market correlations: Taxonomy and portfolio analysis

Dynamics of market correlations: Taxonomy and portfolio analysis Dynamics of marke correlaions: Taxonomy and porfolio analysis J.-P. Onnela, A. Chakrabori, and K. Kaski Laboraory of Compuaional Engineering, Helsinki Universiy of Technology, P.O. Box 9203, FIN-02015

More information

GENETICS 20 FEBRUARY 2013

GENETICS 20 FEBRUARY 2013 GENETICS 20 FEBRUARY 2013 Lesson Description In this lesson, we: Look at the definition of genetics. Discuss Mendel s concept of dominance & the law of segregation. Cover terminology of the genetic concepts.

More information

World War 2 when Japan

World War 2 when Japan Chaper 30 Reading Guide Chaper 30 Reading Guide A Second Global Conflic and he End of he European World Order A Second Global Conflic and he End of he European World Order Name: Name: Name: Due Dae: Wednesday,

More information

Topic 3 Other patterns of Inheritance (heredity) Pre Class Reading Assignment. 1. Read pgs

Topic 3 Other patterns of Inheritance (heredity) Pre Class Reading Assignment. 1. Read pgs Topic 3 Other patterns of Inheritance (heredity) Pre Class Reading Assignment 1. Read pgs 608 610 2. Define the following terms a. Wild type b. Mutant c. Incomplete dominance d. Codominance 1 Topic 3 Other

More information

Shelters. Lean-To Shelte. A-Frame Shelte. The setup for a Lean-To shelter is very similar to an A-Frame shelter.

Shelters. Lean-To Shelte. A-Frame Shelte. The setup for a Lean-To shelter is very similar to an A-Frame shelter. Sheler plac/ fer o a pece of re ly al rm no r oppoed A Shele p wh rope. A ng r g n ee maeral. canva h e o of naral ad m a h y o a bv r A-Frame Shele The mple heler he A-Frame heler. We j e a rope beween

More information

Betting Against Beta

Betting Against Beta Being Agains Bea Andrea Frazzini and Lasse H. Pedersen * This draf: Ocober 5, 2010 Absrac. We presen a model in which some invesors are prohibied from using leverage and oher invesors leverage is limied

More information

Macro Sensitive Portfolio Strategies

Macro Sensitive Portfolio Strategies Marke Insigh Macro Sensiive Porfolio Sraegies Marke Insigh Macro Sensiive Porfolio Sraegies Macroeconomic Risk and Asse Cash Flows Kur Winkelmann, Raghu Suryanarayanan, Ludger Henschel, and Kaalin Varga

More information

Outline. Objectives. Objectives. Objectives Progressive waves. Wave motion. Wave motion

Outline. Objectives. Objectives. Objectives Progressive waves. Wave motion. Wave motion Chaper. Liew Sau Poh Wave moion Ouline. Progressive Waves. Wave Inensi.3 Principle of Superposiion.4 Sanding Waves.5 Elecromagneic Waves Objecives a) inerpre and use he progressive wave equaion, = a sin

More information

DYNAMIC portfolio optimization is one of the important

DYNAMIC portfolio optimization is one of the important , July 2-4, 2014, London, U.K. A Simulaion-based Porfolio Opimizaion Approach wih Leas Squares Learning Chenming Bao, Geoffrey Lee, and Zili Zhu Absrac This paper inroduces a simulaion-based numerical

More information

Low-frequency data present significant

Low-frequency data present significant MICKAËL MALLINGER- DOGAN is an assisan vice presiden, Illiquid Asses Analics, a Harvard Managemen Compan in Boson, MA. doganm@hmc.harvard.edu MARK C. SZIGETY is vice presiden and head of Quaniaive Risk

More information

Oklahoma Ag in the Classroom Coats and Genes Genetic Traits in Cattle

Oklahoma Ag in the Classroom Coats and Genes Genetic Traits in Cattle Oklahoma Ag in the Classroom Coats and Genes Genetic Traits in Cattle Objective The student will read about heredity and explore genetic traits in cattle. Background Agriculturists are pioneers in the

More information

Economic Growth with Bubbles

Economic Growth with Bubbles Economic Growh wih Bubbles AlberoMarin,andJaumeVenura March 2010 Absrac We develop a sylized model of economic growh wih bubbles. In his model, financial fricions lead o equilibrium dispersion in he raes

More information

Directional Control valves

Directional Control valves Chapter 10.1 Chapter 10 Directional Control valves 10.1 Check Valves Figure 10.1 Check valve wo conditions: free flow or "checked" flow Usually has a cracking pressure of 69 a 104 a (10-15 psi) If used

More information

Development of Urban Public Transit Network Structure Integrating Multi-Class Public Transit Lines and Transfer Hubs

Development of Urban Public Transit Network Structure Integrating Multi-Class Public Transit Lines and Transfer Hubs Developmen of Urban Public Transi Nework Srucure Inegraing Muli-Class Public Transi Lines and Transfer Hubs Zhenbao Wang 1, Anyan Chen 2 1College of Civil Engineering, Hebei Universiy of Engineering Handan,

More information

CHARACTERIZATION AND MODELING OF A PROPORTIONAL VALVE FOR CONTROL SYNTHESIS

CHARACTERIZATION AND MODELING OF A PROPORTIONAL VALVE FOR CONTROL SYNTHESIS CHARACTERIZATION AND MODELING OF A PROPORTIONAL VALVE FOR CONTROL SYNTHESIS Osama. OLABY, Xavier. BRN, Sylvie. SESMAT, Tanneguy. REDARCE and Eric. BIDEAX Laboraoire d Auomaique Indusrielle - hp://www-lai.insa-lyon.fr

More information

LAB. NATURAL SELECTION OF STRAWFISH

LAB. NATURAL SELECTION OF STRAWFISH Period Date LAB. NATURAL SELECTION OF STRAWFISH You have already been introduced to the idea that when an organism is selected by nature to survive, it then has the opportunity to reproduce and pass on

More information

Breeding Incentive Programs and Demand for California Thoroughbred Racing: The Tradeoff Between Quantity and Quality. Martin D.

Breeding Incentive Programs and Demand for California Thoroughbred Racing: The Tradeoff Between Quantity and Quality. Martin D. Breeding Incenive Programs and Demand for California horoughbred Racing: he radeoff Beween Quaniy and Qualiy by Marin D. Smih Deparmen of Agriculural and Resource Economics Universiy of California, Davis

More information

FORECASTING TECHNIQUES ADE 2013 Prof Antoni Espasa TOPIC 1 PART 2 TRENDS AND ACCUMULATION OF KNOWLEDGE. SEASONALITY HANDOUT

FORECASTING TECHNIQUES ADE 2013 Prof Antoni Espasa TOPIC 1 PART 2 TRENDS AND ACCUMULATION OF KNOWLEDGE. SEASONALITY HANDOUT FORECASTING TECHNIQUES ADE 2013 Prof Anoni Espasa TOPIC 1 PART 2 TRENDS AND ACCUMULATION OF KNOWLEDGE. SEASONALITY HANDOUT February 2013 MAIN FACTORS CAUSING TRENDS Increases in populaion. Seady inflaion.

More information

THE NIGHT WORKFORCE PART 1

THE NIGHT WORKFORCE PART 1 HE NIGH WOKFOCE PA 1 Why are employees traveling to OHU at night and where are they going? WH AE WE AKING HI? HOW I WE ANE HI? Understanding what drives demand for night travel to/from OHU will help illuminate

More information

R410A Rotary Compressor Bearing Design Considerations

R410A Rotary Compressor Bearing Design Considerations Prde Universiy Prde e-pbs Inernaional Compressor Engineering Conference School of Mechanical Engineering 1998 R41A Roary Compressor Bearing Design Consideraions J. R. Lenz Tecmseh Prodcs Company Follow

More information

Asset and Liability Management, Caisse. a manager of public debt

Asset and Liability Management, Caisse. a manager of public debt Asse and Liabiliy Managemen by CADES, a manager of public deb Name Deparmen & affiliaion Mailing Address e-mail address(es) Phone number 331 55 78 58 19, 331 55 78 58 00 Fax number 331 55 78 58 02 Eric

More information

Archival copy: for current recommendations see or your local extension office.

Archival copy: for current recommendations see  or your local extension office. NAME ADDRESS CLUB 4-H HORSE PROGRAM HORSE SCIENCE This educational material has been prepared for 4-H use by the Cooperative Extension Services of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and State Land-Grant

More information

Others traits, such as the ability to roll your tongue, or inability, are controlled by only one gene.

Others traits, such as the ability to roll your tongue, or inability, are controlled by only one gene. NC DNA DAY The Genetic Wheel Title slide Hello! Today we are going to learn about how your physical characteristics are inherited through genetic material We ll do an activity to look at some of the genes

More information

A Probabilistic Approach to Worst Case Scenarios

A Probabilistic Approach to Worst Case Scenarios A Probabilisic Approach o Wors Case Scenarios A Probabilisic Approach o Wors Case Scenarios By Giovanni Barone-Adesi Universiy of Albera, Canada and Ciy Universiy Business School, London Frederick Bourgoin

More information

WHO RIDE THE HIGH SPEED RAIL IN THE UNITED STATES THE ACELA EXPRESS CASE STUDY

WHO RIDE THE HIGH SPEED RAIL IN THE UNITED STATES THE ACELA EXPRESS CASE STUDY Proceedings of he 2010 Join Rail Conference JRC2010 April 27-29, 2010, Urbana, Illinois, USA JRC2010-36236 WHO RIDE THE HIGH SPEED RAIL IN THE UNITED STATES THE ACELA EXPRESS CASE STUDY Zhenhua Chen The

More information

I t ' 4 ti. t ti. IQ:::: mass x heat of fusion (or heat of vaporization) I HEAT AND ITS MEASUREMENT. t t. t f I I I. Name

I t ' 4 ti. t ti. IQ:::: mass x heat of fusion (or heat of vaporization) I HEAT AND ITS MEASUREMENT. t t. t f I I I. Name HEAT AND TS MEASUREMENT Name a (or energy) can be measured in unis of calories or joules. When here is a,,,,,,nperaure change (AT), hea (Q) can be calculaed using his formula: During a phase change, we

More information

Protecting the African Elephant: A Dynamic Bioeconomic Model of. Ivory Trade

Protecting the African Elephant: A Dynamic Bioeconomic Model of. Ivory Trade Proecing he African Elephan: A Dynamic Bioeconomic Model of Ivory Trade G. Cornelis van Kooen Deparmen of Economics Universiy of Vicoria P.O. Box 1700, Sn CSC Vicoria, BC V8W 2Y2 Canada Email: kooen@uvic.ca

More information

THE NINTH INFANTRY DIVISION ASSOCIATION

THE NINTH INFANTRY DIVISION ASSOCIATION THE.'2 Gregory Ave., W...wk.n. N.J. 07087 THE NINTH INFANTRY DIVISION ASSOCIATION AriAinn Dues; $5.00 per year $ 1.50 wiii be earmarked o pay for he Oeofoil Voiume XXXIV NUMBER: MAY-JUNE 1979 Commemoraion

More information

Overreaction and Underreaction : - Evidence for the Portuguese Stock Market -

Overreaction and Underreaction : - Evidence for the Portuguese Stock Market - Overreacion and Underreacion : - Evidence for he Poruguese Sock Marke - João Vasco Soares* and Ana Paula Serra** March 2005 * Faculdade de Economia da Universidade do Poro ** (corresponding auhor) CEMPRE,

More information

AN ANALYSIS OF THE ECONOMIC EFFECT OF A ROAD DIET IN ELIZABETHTOWN AND GEORGETOWN, KENTUCKY

AN ANALYSIS OF THE ECONOMIC EFFECT OF A ROAD DIET IN ELIZABETHTOWN AND GEORGETOWN, KENTUCKY AN ANALYSIS OF THE ECOMIC EFFECT OF A ROAD DIET IN ELIZABETHTOWN AND GEORGETOWN, KENTUCKY MARCH 2014 This repor was produced a he reques of he Ron Sco, Ciy Manager for Danville, Kenucky, under he supervision

More information

Flow Switch LABO-VHZ-S

Flow Switch LABO-VHZ-S Flow Swich S Volumeric flow swiching Almos no effec from differing viscosiies Versaile, configurable swiching oupu in push-pull design Robus consrucion Compac design Characerisics he VHZ gearwheel flow

More information

EXAMINING THE FEASIBILITY OF PAIRED CLOSELY-SPACED PARALLEL APPROACHES

EXAMINING THE FEASIBILITY OF PAIRED CLOSELY-SPACED PARALLEL APPROACHES EXAMINING THE FEASIBILITY OF PAIRED CLOSELY-SPACED PARALLEL APPROACHES Seven J. Landry and Amy R. Priche Georgia Insiue of Technology Alana GA 30332-0205 ABSTRACT Paired closely-spaced parallel approaches

More information

Henry Kendall College Team (FIRST TEAM)

Henry Kendall College Team (FIRST TEAM) Henry Kendall College 1895 Team (FIRST TEAM) TULSA GOLDEN Hurricane fooball Tulsa s Fooball 1895: The Legacy Begins The legacy of Tulsa fooball began when he Bacone School for Indians and Henry Kendall

More information

Chapter 3 Mendelian Inheritance

Chapter 3 Mendelian Inheritance Chapter 3 Mendelian Inheritance I. Genes, Chromosomes, and Genotypes II. Germ Cells and Their Formation III. Formation of the Embryo IV.The Randomness of Inheritance V. Dominance and Epistasis VI.Sex-Related

More information

Sources of Over-Performance in Equity Markets: Mean Reversion, Common Trends and Herding

Sources of Over-Performance in Equity Markets: Mean Reversion, Common Trends and Herding The Universiy of Reading THE BUSINESS SCHOOL FOR FINANCIAL MARKETS Sources of Over-Performance in Equiy Markes: Mean Reversion, Common Trends and Herding ISMA Cenre Discussion Papers in Finance 2003-08

More information

7.013 Problem Set

7.013 Problem Set 7.013 Problem Set 2-2013 Question 1 You are working with the following parental flies (P1-P4). P1: Light body color and normal wings P2: Light body color and wingless P3: Dark body color and wingless P4:

More information

A Stable Money Demand: Looking for the Right Monetary Aggregate

A Stable Money Demand: Looking for the Right Monetary Aggregate A Sable Money Demand: Looking for he Righ Moneary Aggregae Pedro Teles Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, CEPR. Ruilin Zhou Pennsylvania Sae Universiy January, 2005 Absrac In his paper, we argue ha M1 is

More information

The safe ships trajectory in a restricted area

The safe ships trajectory in a restricted area Scienific Journals Mariime Universiy of Szczecin Zeszyy Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie 214, 39(111) pp. 122 127 214, 39(111) s. 122 127 ISSN 1733-867 The safe ships rajecory in a resriced area Zbigniew

More information

Smart Beta Multifactor Construction Methodology: Mixing versus Integrating

Smart Beta Multifactor Construction Methodology: Mixing versus Integrating THE JOURNAL OF SPRING 2018 VOLUME 8 NUMBER 4 JII.IIJOURNALS.com ETFs, ETPs & Indexing Smar Bea Mulifacor Consrucion Mehodology: Mixing versus Inegraing TZEE-MAN CHOW, FEIFEI LI, AND YOSEOP SHIM Smar Bea

More information

CONTROL VALVES IN TURBO-COMPRESSOR ANTI-SURGE SYSTEMS

CONTROL VALVES IN TURBO-COMPRESSOR ANTI-SURGE SYSTEMS CONTROL VALVES IN TURBO-COMPRESSOR ANTI-SURGE SYSTEMS keninrol CONTROL VALVES IN TURBO-COMPRESSOR ANTI-SURGE SYSTEMS CONTROL VALVES IN TURBO-COMPRESSOR ANTI-SURGE SYSTEMS 0 KOSO KENT INTROL SUPPLIES A

More information

Name: Block: Date: Black Chickens _ White Chicken Erminette Chickens

Name: Block: Date: Black Chickens _ White Chicken Erminette Chickens Name: Block: Date: Honors Biology Incomplete/ Co-Dominance/ Multiple Alleles 1. Many genetic traits have a stronger dominant allele and a weaker recessive allele. This is known as complete dominance. Some

More information

Exercise 8. Panel Data (Answers) (the values of any variable are correlated over time for the same individuals)

Exercise 8. Panel Data (Answers) (the values of any variable are correlated over time for the same individuals) ercse 8. Panel Daa Answers. Gven m a,.,. I follows ha Varm m s Varm Varm s - Covm, m s Wh anel daa s lkel ha Covm, m s > he vales of an varable are correlaed over me for he same ndvdals Wh ooled daa hen

More information

US 9,615,553 B2 Apr. 11,2017

US 9,615,553 B2 Apr. 11,2017 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 US009615553B2 (12) Unied Saes Paen Coniglio e al. (10) Paen No.: (45) Dae of Paen: US 9,615,553 B2 Apr. 11,2017 (54) ARTIFICIAL

More information

Centre for Investment Research Discussion Paper Series. Momentum Profits and Time-Varying Unsystematic Risk

Centre for Investment Research Discussion Paper Series. Momentum Profits and Time-Varying Unsystematic Risk Cenre for Invesmen Research Discussion Paper Series Discussion Paper # 08-0* Momenum Profis and Time-Varying Unsysemaic Risk Cenre for Invesmen Research O'Rahilly Building, Room 3.0 Universiy College Cork

More information

Sensors and Actuators A: Physical

Sensors and Actuators A: Physical Sensors and Acuaors A 144 (2008) 354 360 Conens liss available a ScienceDirec Sensors and Acuaors A: Physical journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locae/sna A micro-robo fish wih embedded SMA wire acuaed

More information

Managing the abundance of bison in Yellowstone National Park, winter Chris Geremia, P. J. White, and Rick Wallen September 12, 2011

Managing the abundance of bison in Yellowstone National Park, winter Chris Geremia, P. J. White, and Rick Wallen September 12, 2011 Managing he abundance of bison in Yellowsone Naional Park winer 2012 Chris Geremia P. J. Whie and Rick Wallen Sepember 12 2011 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Background Yellowsone Naional Park (YNP) developed a plan

More information

Measuring Potential Output and Output Gap and Macroeconomic Policy: The Case of Kenya

Measuring Potential Output and Output Gap and Macroeconomic Policy: The Case of Kenya Universiy of Connecicu DigialCommons@UConn Economics Working Papers Deparmen of Economics Ocober 2005 Measuring Poenial Oupu and Oupu Gap and Macroeconomic Policy: The Case of Kenya Angelica E. Njuguna

More information

Is the Decline in the Frequency of Draws in Test Match Cricket Detrimental to the Long Form of the Game? # Liam J. A. Lenten *

Is the Decline in the Frequency of Draws in Test Match Cricket Detrimental to the Long Form of the Game? # Liam J. A. Lenten * Is he Decline in he Frequency of Draws in Tes Mach Cricke Derimenal o he Long Form of he Game? # Liam J. A. Lenen * Deparmen of Economics and Finance La Trobe Universiy Absrac The frequency of draws in

More information

INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL

INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS PLEASE READ THE ENTIRE CONTENTS OF THIS MANUAL PRIOR TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION. BY PROCEEDING WITH LIFT INSTALLATION AND OPERATION YOU AGREE THAT

More information

1 Fish, 2 Fish, Name: Background: We are going to experiment with genes and environment for a population of toothpick fish.

1 Fish, 2 Fish, Name: Background: We are going to experiment with genes and environment for a population of toothpick fish. 1 Fish, 2 Fish, Name: Red Fish, Blue Fish Block: Date: Background: We are going to experiment with genes and environment for a population of toothpick fish. Introduction: The colored toothpicks represent

More information