Army Lists. Gaul, Germany and Britain. Contents

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1

2 Army Lists Gaul, Germany and Britain Contents

3 Creating an army with the Mortem et Gloriam Army Lists

4 Historical Introduction

5

6 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 350 BC to 50 BC SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Mountains, Forest Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Flexible; Poor or Cavalry Warriors Women and families Soldurii Javelinmen Archers Slingers Allies Soldurii must remain attached to a general to claim fanatic. Soldurii cannot be used by Ligures. Historical Notes German allies Early German (Arverni from 71 to 61 BC) Notes CAVALRY Tribal Loose Tribal Loose Tribal Close Highland Gallic Poor Protected Protected Unprotected Unskilled 0 4,6 Short Spear Javelin 6 Devastating 20 6,8,9 Chargers ,12 Combat Shy 24 Devastating 0 4 Superior Protected Chargers, Fanatic 8 Unprotected Unprotected Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 18 Experienced 0 6 Combat Shy Bow 6 Experienced 0 6 Combat Shy Sling 6 The Gauls were Celts that emerged around the 5th century BC. During the 4th century BC they expanded into northern Italy, contributing to the decline of the Etruscan empire. The rising Roman Republic after the end of the First Punic War increasingly put pressure on the Gallic sphere of influence; the Battle of Telamon of 225 BC heralded a gradual decline of Gallic power over the 2nd century, until the eventual conquest of Gaul in the Gallic Wars of the 50s BC. This list represents the armies of the highland tribes including the Helvetii, Arveni and Allobroges. It also represents the Ligures who may have been an IndoEuropean people rather than Celts. Version st January 2018

7 Troop Notes Highland Gallic Gauls were equipped with short spears, javelins and swords. Mail appears to have been a Celtic invention around 300 BC but was restricted to the aristocracy. Sheilds were mainly oval, but hexagonal, rectangular and round examples existed. There were four troop types attested, chariots, cavalry, heavy infantry and light infantry. The chariots were drawn by two horses and carried a driver and a warrior. They were used against cavalry and restricted to skirmishing against infantry. Cavalry replaced chariots in Italy and Gaul but continued to be used in Britain. The light infantry were primarily javelinmen, but archers and slingers were available. Soldurii were the household troops of noble warriors. None. Version st January 2018

8 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 350 BC to 40 BC SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard, Coastal Internal Allied Generals 02 Any Instinctive Camp Unfortified or Flexible; Poor or Chariots (before 100 BC) Upgrade chariots (before 250 BC) Replace chariots with cavalry (from 300 BC) Regrade cavalry Warriors Soldurii Women and families Gaesati (before 200 BC) Javelinmen Archers Slingers LIGHT CHARIOTS LIGHT CHARIOTS CAVALRY CAVALRY Tribal Close Tribal Loose Lowland Gallic Superior Superior Protected Protected Protected Protected Protected Experienced 8 4,6 Short Spear Javelin 24 Experienced 4,6 Short Spear Javelin Up to half Unskilled 4,6 Short Spear Javelin Any Unskilled 0 4,6 Short Spear Javelin 6 Devastating 20 6,8,9 Chargers 80 Devastating 0 4 Superior Protected Chargers, Fanatic 8 Poor Superior Unprotected Unprotected Unprotected Unprotected Unprotected 0 10,12 Combat Shy 24 Devastating 0 6,8,9 Chargers 18 Combat Shy Javelin 9 Experienced 0 6 Combat Shy Bow 6 Experienced 0 6 Combat Shy Sling 6 Version st January 2018

9 Lowland Gallic Allies Highland Gallic allies (up to 2 contingents) Ligurian allies Highland Gallic (Italian Gauls before 174 BC) Iberian allies Spanish Iberian (Aquitanians from 320 BC) Early German allies (Sequani from 71 to 61 BC) Notes Before 250 BC there must be at least as many chariots as cavalry. From 250 BC there must be at least as many cavalry as chariots. Soldurii must remain attached to a general to claim Fanatic. Gaesatii, if used, must be in their own internal allied command containing only Gaesatii. Historical Notes The Gauls were Celts that emerged around the 5th century BC. During the 4th century BC they expanded into northern Italy, contributing to the decline of the Etruscan empire. The rising Roman Republic after the end of the First Punic War increasingly put pressure on the Gallic sphere of influence; the Battle of Telamon of 225 BC heralded a gradual decline of Gallic power over the 2nd century, until the eventual conquest of Gaul in the Gallic Wars of the 50s BC. This list represents the armies of the lowland tribes. Troop Notes Gauls were equipped with short spears, javelins and swords. Mail appears to have been a Celtic invention around 300 BC but was restricted to the aristocracy. Sheilds were mainly oval, but hexagonal, rectangular and round examples existed. There were four troop types attested, chariots, cavalry, heavy infantry and light infantry. The chariots were drawn by two horses and carried a driver and a warrior. They were used against cavalry and restricted to skirmishing against infantry. Cavalry replaced chariots in Italy and Gaul but continued to be used in Britain. The light infantry were primarily javelinmen, but archers and slingers were available. Soldurii were the household troops of noble warriors. Gaesati were troops who were paid to fight the Romans. They may have been mercenaries or warriors of a specific tribe. They fought naked, a custom that most Gauls had abandoned by this time. Allowed one TuG of Superior cavalry. Version st January 2018

10 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 180 BC to 219 AD SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Forest Internal Allied Generals 02 Any Instinctive Camp Unfortified; Poor or Cavalry CAVALRY Nobles and followers Warriors Batavian or Cherusci only Protected Unskilled 0 4,6 Short Spear Expert Javelin 12 Superior Protected Devastating 0 6 Chargers 18 Protected Devastating 18 6,8,9 Chargers 90 Regrade nobles and Devastating Superior Protected followers Tribal Loose Chargers All Devastating Regrade warriors Protected Tribal Loose Chargers All Tencteri only Cavalry Archers Javelinmen Allies CAVALRY Only 1 TUG of Nobles and followers is permitted in each command. Early German Experienced 0 4,6 Unprotected Combat Shy Cantabrian Javelin 12 Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 12 Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 27 Tingurini and Ambrones allies Lowland Gallic (from 113 to 102 BC) Iazyges allies Early Sarmatian (Suevi from 88 to 93 AD) or Later Sarmatian (Marcomanni from 167 to 175 AD) Quadi allies (Marcomanni from 167 to 175 AD) Notes Version st January 2018

11 Historical Notes Early German The Germans were a group of tribes that originated in Demark and southern Scandinavia. By the 3rd century BC they had expanded southwards. The first contact with Rome was in 113 BC during the migration of the Cimbri. A combined force of Cimbri and Teutoni defeated Roman armies in 109 BC and 105 BC. They were defeated by Marius at the battle of Vercellae in 101 BC. Julius Caesar encountered more German tribes during his conquest of Gaul and it was at this time that the Rhine became the frontier of the Roman empire. During the Augustan period the Romans expanded towards the river Elbe. A revolt in 9 AD led by the supposed Roman ally Arminius led to the destruction of three Roman legions in the battle of Teutoberger Wald. This firmly established the frontier on the line of the rivers Rhine and Danube. Later in the century the Romans conquered the RhineDanube salient which they held until c. 260 AD. Troop Notes German refers to tribes that originated beyond the river Rhine. Many tribes were ethnically Celtic and they fought in a similar fashion to the Gauls. German cavalry seems to have been generally better regarded than Gallic cavalry. Warriors are recorded as accompanying the cavalry by hanging on to the horses manes. None. Version st January 2018

12 Ancient British Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 60 BC to 90 AD SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Flexible; Poor or LIGHT CHARIOTS Experienced 0 4,6 Chariots Protected Short Spear Javelin 24 LIGHT CHARIOTS Experienced 4,6 Upgrade chariots Superior Protected Short Spear Javelin Up to half Devastating 0 6 Nobles and followers Superior Protected Tribal Loose Chargers 18 Devastating 18 6,8,9 Warriors Protected Tribal Loose Chargers ,12 Families Poor Unprotected Combat Shy Tribal Loose 24 CAVALRY Experienced 6 4,6 Cavalry Unprotected Combat Shy Cantabrian Javelin 18 Slingers Unprotected Combat Shy Sling 36 Javelinmen Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 18 Allies Roman allies Early Imperial Roman (Cartimandua from 51 to 69 AD) Notes Only 1 TUG of Nobles and followers is permitted in each command. Historical Notes The Ancient British were an ancient Celtic people. Julius Caesar invaded the British isles in 55 and 54 BC, but it was almost another hundred years before the Romans launched another invasion in 43 AD. The British were defeated in a series of battles and the south of Britain was rapidly conquered. Over succeeding decades the Romans moved north and west. In 61 AD the Iceni revolted led by Queen Boudicca. In 70 AD the Brigantes and Parisii were brought into the Empire. Wales was conquered by 78 AD. Version st January 2018

13 Troop Notes Ancient British The Ancient British were Celtic and fought in a similar style to the Gauls. They retained the chariot. Cavalry appears to have fought as skirmishers. The Romans encountered many slingers, particularly in the sieges of the hillforts of south west Britain. None. Version st January 2018

14 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 50 AD to 450 AD SubGenerals 13 Any Instinctive Terrain Coastal Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Flexible; Poor or LIGHT CHARIOTS Experienced 0 4,6 Chariots Protected Short Spear Javelin 24 LIGHT CHARIOTS Experienced 4,6 Upgrade chariots Superior Protected Short Spear Javelin Up to half Devastating 0 6 Feirce warriors Protected Chargers 24 Experienced 32 6,8,9 Warriors Unprotected Short Spear Javelin 120 Experienced 0 6 Slingers Unprotected Combat Shy Sling 6 Javelinmen Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 36 Historical Notes Scoti or Scotti was a name used by Late Roman authors for the Irish. From the 4th century AD onwards they represented a growing threat to Roman Briton due to their raiding. Scoti subsequently settled in Scotland. Troop Notes Irish infantry equipment was lighter than that of the other Celtic nations, comprising a short light sword, a small shield and light javelins. None. ScotsIrish Version st January 2018

15 Batavian Revolt Army Commander 1 Instinctive; Talented or Legendary Dates 69 AD to 70 AD SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Fortified; Poor or CAVALRY Unskilled 0 4,6 Cavalry Protected Short Spear Expert Javelin 8 CAVALRY Unskilled 0 4,6 Batavian deserter cavalry Protected Short Spear Expert Drilled Loose Javelin 6 Unskilled Orb/Square, 8 6,8 Batavian deserter auxilia Protected Short Spear Drilled Flexible Javelin Expert 16 Devastating 12 6,8,9 Batavian tribesmen Protected Tribal Loose Chargers 96 Batavian nobles and Devastating 0 6 Superior Protected followers Tribal Loose Chargers 12 Archers Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 12 Experienced Javelinmen Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 27 Allies Chatti, Usipi and/or Mattiaci allies Early German Notes A command may only have one TUG of nobles and followers. Historical Notes During the disturbances that followed the death of Nero, a Batavian Gaius Julius Civilis took up arms under pretence of siding with Vespasian and induced the inhabitants of his native country to rebel. The Batavians, had been exempted from tribute, but were obliged to supply a large number of men for the army. The Batavians were immediately joined by several neighbouring German tribes. Two legions under Mummius Lupercus were defeated at Castra Vetera and surrounded. Eight cohorts of Batavian veterans joined their countrymen. This led to a rising in Gaul. Vespasian was forced to send a strong force to quash the revolt. Civilis was defeated at Augusta Treverorum and Castra Vetera, and forced to withdraw to the island of the Batavians. An agreement was reached and the Batavians resumed amicable relations with Rome. Version st January 2018

16 Troop Notes The Batavian Auxilia would have been equipped and trained as other Roman auxilia. Cavalry no longer dismountable. Batavian Revolt Version st January 2018

17 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 70 AD to 211 AD SubGenerals 13 Any Instinctive Terrain Mountains Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified; Poor or LIGHT CHARIOTS Experienced 0 4,6 Chariots led by nobles Superior Protected Short Spear Javelin 8 LIGHT CHARIOTS Experienced 8 4,6 Chariots Protected Short Spear Javelin 16 Experienced 36 6,8,9 Warriors Protected Tribal Loose Javelin 144 Devastating 6,8,9 Upgrade warriors Protected Tribal Loose Chargers Up to half s Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 12 Archers Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 9 Historical Notes The Caledonian Confederacy comprised a number of celtic tribes in modern Scotland. They were defeated by the Romans under Gn. Julius Agricola in 84 AD. The Romans subsequently pulled back to the Antonine Wall and then Hadrian's Wall. The Caledonian tribes remained a threat and at least four major invasions were attempted. In 209 AD Septimus Severus defeated the Caledonians and inflicted widespread destruction. This contributed to the emergence of the Picts. Troop Notes The Caledonians appear to have fought in a similar fashion to the other Ancient British tribes. None. Caledonian Version st January 2018

18 Picts Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 215 AD to 500 AD SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Mountains Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Mobile; Poor or LIGHT CHARIOTS Experienced 0 4,6 Chariots Protected Short Spear Javelin 12 LIGHT CHARIOTS Experienced 4,6 Upgrade chariots Superior Protected Short Spear Javelin Up to half Devastating 0 6,8,9 Best protected warriors Protected Chargers 36 Devastating 24 6,8,9 Warriors Unprotected Chargers 96 Devastating 0 6,8,9 Attacotti warriors Superior Unprotected Chargers 12 CAVALRY Experienced 0 4,6 Cavalry Unprotected Combat Shy Cantabrian Javelin 18 Archers Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 36 Allies ScotsIrish allies (from 364 to 368 AD) Saxon allies Old Saxon (from 364 to 368 AD) Notes Best protected warriors and warriors (but not Attacotti warriors) may be mixed in the same TuG. If used, elements of protected and unprotected warriors must be easily distinguished. Historical Notes The Picts were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland. They are thought to have been a Caledonian tribe who emerged after the Caledonian tribes were defeated by Septimus Severus. During the 4th century AD they emerged as one of the threats to Roman Briton. Version st January 2018

19 Troop Notes Picts The Picts fought in a similar fashion to the Caledonians. Many warriors appear to have been lightly equipped. It is possible that Attacotti were recruited into the Roman army. They might have originated on the island of Ireland. Allowed protected and unprotected warriors to be mixed. Version st January 2018

20 Early Franks Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 220 AD to 484 AD SubGenerals 13 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard, Forest Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Mobile; Poor or Noble cavalry CAVALRY Unskilled 0 4,6 Protected Short Spear Expert Javelin 12 Devastating 0 4,6 Dismount noble cavalry Superior Protected Short Spear Chargers, Tribal Close Fanatic 6 Foot warriors Devastating 30 6,8,9 Protected Short Spear Chargers 120 Best foot warriors Devastating 0 6 Superior Protected Short Spear Chargers 12 Archers Experienced 9 6,9 Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 18 Javelinmen Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 18 Allies Alamanni allies (before 362 AD) Notes A command may only have one TUG of best warriors. A general must be deployed with a TUG of dismounted nobles and cannot leave them (except by being killed!). Version st January 2018

21 Historical Notes Early Franks The Franks were a confederation of Germanic tribes that was originally composed of a mix of groups settled between the Rhine and the Weser Rivers. The two most prominent of these tribes were the Ripuarians and the Salians who led the others.the Franks appear in Latin sources for the first time in 257 AD, mentioned among the enemies of Rome in northern Gaul. They were a threat not only by land but also on the sea. Late in the 3rd century AD, some of the Franks joined the Saxons in the southern part of the North Sea and the English Channel, turning into raiders, preying on shipping lanes, and also raiding the coast of Britain and Gaul. Under the rule of Emperor Maximianus, the Romans signed a treaty with the Franks in 287AD; as part of the agreement, several Franks became enlisted in the Roman army. In 451AD, Attila the Hun invaded Gaul, and the Franks joined the Romans and the Visigoths to resist the invasion. Attila's conquest was halted in June at the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, and he retreated from Gaul. The Franks continued to provide military support to Rome to fight against imperial enemies, including the Visigoths in 463 AD and the Saxons at Angiers in 469 AD. Troop Notes The Frankish warriors used the francisca throwing axe that gives them their name, and a heavy throwing spear called the angon. According to Ammianus they "enter eagerly into wars", are stronger and taller than Roman soldiers, of huge size,savage and uncontrollable and exhibit extreme resolution. He also describes the elite warriors as a fiery band of nobles among whom even the kings fought, fighting in frenzied rage and leaving themselves unguarded and striving to lavish their lives tor victory. Reclassified warriors and dismounted nobles. Increased number of cavalry. Version st January 2018

22 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 220 AD to 490 AD SubGenerals 13 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard, Forest Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Mobile; Poor or CAVALRY Unskilled 0 4,6 Noble cavalry Protected Short Spear Expert Javelin 12 Devastating 30 6,8,9 Foot warriors Protected Short Spear Chargers 120 Devastating 0 6 Best foot warriors Superior Protected Short Spear Chargers 18 Skirmishing archers Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 18 Javelinmen Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 18 Notes A command may only have one TUG of best warriors. Historical Notes The Rugii were first mentioned by Tacitus. They may have migrated from the southern Baltic Coast in the 2nd century AD. They took part in Attila's campaigns in 451. After the collapse of the Hunnic empire they appear to have occupied part of lower Austria, north of the Danube. Some Rugii were defeated by Odovacar s relic Roman mercenary army while invading Illyria in 487 AD. Others appear to have joined Theodoric's invasion of Italy in 489 AD. Troop Notes The Rugii may have fought in a similar fashion to the Franks. Reclassified warriors. Increased number of cavalry. Rugii Version st January 2018

23 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 220 AD to 493 AD SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard, Forest Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Mobile; Poor or Noble cavalry Foot warriors Best foot warriors Skirmishing archers Javelinmen Allies Superior Protected Protected Protected Unprotected Unprotected Unskilled 0 4,6 Short Spear Expert Javelin 12 Devastating 30 6,8,9 Short Spear Chargers 120 Devastating 0 6 Short Spear Chargers 18 Combat Shy Bow 18 Combat Shy Javelin 18 Rugii allies (only in 476 AD) Scirii allies (only in 476 AD) Herul allies (only in 476 AD) Notes A command may only have one TUG of best warriors. Historical Notes The Turcilingi may have been among the allies under Atilla the Hun. Odoacer is described as their king. They were joined with the Scirii, Rugii and Heruls under Odoacer who deposed the last western Roman emperor. Troop Notes The Turcilingi are associated with the Rugians in Roman service, so may have been similar. Reclassified warriors. CAVALRY Turcilingi Version st January 2018

24 Burgundi Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 220 AD to 495 AD SubGenerals 13 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard, Forest Internal Allied Generals Camp Mobile or Fortified; Poor or CAVALRY Unskilled 4 4,6 Noble cavalry Protected Short Spear Expert Javelin 12 Devastating 36 6,8,9 Warriors Protected Tribal Close Chargers 144 Devastating 0 6 Best warriors Superior Protected Tribal Close Chargers 18 Skirmishing archers Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 18 Notes A command may only have one TUG of best warriors. Historical Notes In the late 3rd century AD, the Burgundians appear on the east bank of the Rhine, confronting Roman Gaul. Zosimus reports them being defeated by the emperor Probus in 278 AD in Gaul. At this time, they were led by a Vandal king. A few years later, Claudius Mamertinus mentions them along with the Alamanni, a Suebic people. These two peoples had moved into the Agri Decumates on the eastern side of the Rhine, an area today referred to still as Swabia, at times attacking Roman Gaul together and sometimes fighting each other. He also mentions that the Goths had previously defeated the Burgundians. In 370 AD, the Emperor Valentinian I enlisted the aid of the Burgundians in his war against the Alamanni. Approximately four decades later, the Burgundians appear again. Following Stilicho's withdrawal of troops to fight Alaric I the Visigoth, the northern tribes crossed the Rhine and entered the Empire in the Völkerwanderung, or Germanic migrations. Some Burgundians migrated westwards and settled as foederati in the Roman province of Germania Secunda along the Middle Rhine. Other Burgundians stayed in their previous homeland in OderVistula interfluvial and formed a contingent in Attila's Hunnic army. Troop Notes The Burgundi differed from the Franks and Suevi in using light javelins instead of francisca, angon or bebrae. Crushed by the Huns at Roman instigation in 436 AD, they were settled in eastern Gaul as foederati. Reclassified warriors. Skirmishing archers now optional. Version st January 2018

25 Alamanni Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 220 AD to 506 AD SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard, Forest Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Mobile; Poor or CAVALRY Unskilled 0 4,6 Noble cavalry Protected Short Spear Expert Javelin 12 Devastating 30 6,8,9 Foot warriors Protected Short Spear Chargers 120 Devastating 0 6 Best foot warriors Superior Protected Short Spear Chargers 18 Experienced 8 6,8 Archers Unprotected Combat shy Tribal Loose Bow 30 Skirmishing archers Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 18 Javelinmen Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 18 Allies Quadi allies (from 270 to 271 AD) Frankish allies Early Frank (before 362 AD) Burgundi allies (only in 286 AD) Herul allies (only in 286 AD) Notes A command may only have one TUG of best warriors. Burgundi allies must be used if Herul allies are used. Historical Notes The Alamanni are first mentioned by Cassius Dio in the context of the campaign of Caracalla of 213 AD. The Alamanni captured the Agri Decumates in 260 AD, and later expanded into presentday Alsace, and northern Switzerland. The Alemanni were conquered by Frankish leader Clovis and incorporated into his dominions. Version st January 2018

26 Alamanni Troop Notes The Alamanni appear to have used more archers than other German tribes. Reclassified warriors. Version st January 2018

27 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 220 AD to 555 AD SubGenerals 13 Any Instinctive Terrain Forest Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Mobile; Poor or Noble warriors Warriors Peasants Scouts Skirmishing archers Notes Tribal Close A command may only have one TUG of noble warriors. Thuringii may appear as allies after 555 AD. Thuringii Superior Poor Protected Protected Unprotected Unprotected Unprotected Devastating 0 6 Dismountable Chargers 18 Devastating 36 6,8,9 Chargers ,9,10 Short Spear 24 Combat Shy Javelin 9 Experienced 9 6,9 Combat Shy Bow 18 Historical Notes The origins of the Thuringians are obscure. They are listed among the allies who fought under Atilla. The Thuringii established an empire in the late 5th century AD. It reached its territorial peak in the first half of the 6th before it was conquered by the Franks in 532 AD. Troop Notes The Thuringii are associated with the Angles and Saxons. Nobles may have ridden horses to battle and then dismounted. Reclassified nobles. Version st January 2018

28 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 220 AD to 584 AD SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard, Forest Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Mobile; Poor or CAVALRY Unskilled 0 4,6 Noble cavalry Protected Short Spear Expert Javelin 12 Devastating 30 6,8,9 Foot warriors Protected Short Spear Chargers 120 Devastating 0 6 Best foot warriors Superior Protected Short Spear Chargers 18 Experienced 0 6,8 Archers Unprotected Combat shy Tribal Loose Bow 16 Experienced 9 6,9 Skirmishing archers Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 18 Javelinmen Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 18 Allies Western Roman allies Foederate Roman (only in 419 AD) Scirii allies (only in 471 AD) Notes A command may only have one TUG of best warriors. Historical Notes The Suevi are first mentioned by Julius Caesar. Suevi was a collective term for the German tribes of the upper Danube. The Suevi included some Alamanni. They invaded across the frozen Rhine in 406 AD, crossed into Spain in 409 AD at the same time as the Vandals and some of the Alans and set up a kingdom in its northwest corner (Gallaecia). The Suevi were absorbed by the Visigoths in 584 AD. Troop Notes The Suevi may have had a similar fighting style to the Alamanni. Suevi Version st January 2018

29 Suevi Reclassified warriors. Version st January 2018

30 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 220 AD to 690 AD SubGenerals 13 Any Instinctive Terrain Coastal Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Mobile; Poor or Devastating 0 6 Noble warriors Superior Protected Dismountable Chargers 18 Devastating 36 6,8,9 Warriors Protected Chargers ,9,10 Peasants Poor Unprotected Short Spear Tribal Close 24 Scouts Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 9 Experienced 9 6,9 Skirmishing archers Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 18 Notes A command may only have one TUG of noble warriors. Historical Notes The Frisii were native to the coastal parts of the Netherlands and Germany. They are recorded as early as 12 BC In 296 AD they were deported into Roman territory. In the 6th century they received an influx of Angle and Saxon settlers. In the 7th century they expanded southwards. In the 8th century they came into increasing conflict with the Franks to their south and were subjugated in 734 AD. Troop Notes The Frisii may have fought in a similar manner to the Saxons. Reclassified nobles. Frisii Version st January 2018

31 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 220 AD to 804 AD SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Coastal, Standard Internal Allied Generals Camp Unfortified or Mobile; Poor or Devastating 0 6 Noble warriors Superior Protected Dismountable Tribal Close Chargers 18 Devastating 36 6,8,9 Warriors Protected Tribal Close Chargers ,9,10 Peasants Poor Unprotected Short Spear Tribal Close 24 Scouts Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 9 Experienced 9 6,9 Skirmishing archers Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 18 Allies Thuringian allies Notes A command may only have one TUG of noble warriors. Historical Notes The Saxons were first mentioned as living near the North Sea coast of what is now Old Saxony. They and the Angles are associated with the invasions at the end of Roman Britain. An uprising in 555 AD was suppressed by Chlothar I. The Thuringians frequently appeared as allies of the Saxons. They were decisively conquered by Charlemagne in a long series of annual campaigns between 772 and 804 AD. Troop Notes The Saxons fought exclusively on foot. Nobles may have ridden horses to battle and then dismounted. Reclassified nobles. Old Saxon Version st January 2018

32 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 334 AD to 359 AD SubGenerals 13 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard, Forest Internal Allied Generals Camp Mobile or Fortified; Poor or Devastating 36 6,8,9 Warriors Protected Tribal Close Chargers 120 Devastating 0 6 Best warriors Superior Protected Tribal Close Chargers 18 CAVALRY Experienced 4 4,6 Light horse Unprotected Combat Shy Cantabrian Javelin 12 Skirmishing archers Unprotected Combat Shy Bow 18 Javelinmen Unprotected Combat Shy Javelin 9 Notes A command may only have one TUG of best warriors. Historical Notes The Limigantes were subjects of the Sarmatians until they rebelled in 334 AD and were destroyed by Constantine I in 359 AD. Troop Notes The Limigantes used javelins and fought in close wedge, but their cavalry were light skirmishers. Reclassified warriors. Limigantes Version st January 2018

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