Terms to Know.

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1 Breeds of Cattle

2 Terms to Know Scientific Name for Cattle: Bovine Mature Male Cattle: Bull Mature Female Cattle: Cow Young Female Cattle: Heifer Altered (Castrated) Male Cattle: Steer Newborn Cattle: Calf Group of Cattle: Herd Gestation: 9 Months

3 Wholesale Cuts A: Chuck B: Rib C: Loin D: Round E: Brisket F: Fore-Shank G: Plate H: Flank

4 A: Rump B: Loin C: Back D: Neck E: Flank F: Pastern G: Hock H: Poll I: Brisket J: Round K: Tail Head Parts

5 Brahman Color(s): Can vary (predominantly gray/red) Horned/Polled: Both Originated from (When & Where): originated in the United States from humped cattle that were imported from India and Brazil. Traits: High tolerance of heat and natural resistance to parasites. Considered a maternal breed.

6 Brangus Color(s): Black (sometimes Red) Horned/Polled: Polled Originated from (When & Where): was developed in the United States. Consists of 3/8 Brahman, & 5/8 Angus. Traits: Hardiness, heat tolerant, muscularity, early maturity and production of quality beef.

7 Beefmaster Color(s): Don t have color standards (predominantly Red or Dun). Horned/Polled: majority are horned Originated from (When & Where): was developed in Texas on the Lasater Ranch in Consists of ½ Brahman, ¼ Hereford, & ¼ Shorthorn. Traits: Breed thrives in practical and severe range conditions. Also, possess many desirable reproductive traits and have high milking potential.

8 Santa Gertrudis Color(s): Dark Red Horned/Polled: Both Originated from (When & Where): developed on the King Ranch in Kingsville, Texas. Consists of 5/8 Shorthorn, 3/8 Brahman. Traits: Adapts to adverse conditions and is productive in hot climates. Also, possess many desirable maternal characteristics.

9 Simbrah Color(s): No Color Standards Horned/Polled: Both Originated from (When & Where): developed in the U.S. in the late 1960 s. Breed consists of 5/8 Simmental and 3/8 Brahman. Traits: has both maternal and survival characteristics in a hot environment and produces a modern, lean, high quality beef product.

10 Charolais Color(s): White to light straw Horned/Polled: Both Originated from (When & Where): Developed in France and introduced to the U.S. in Traits: Heavy muscled breed, fast growth rate and feed efficiency.

11 Chianina Color(s): White to a steel gray Horned/Polled: Both Originated from (When & Where): Originated in central Italy. Introduced to the U.S. in Traits: Good feed efficiency, increased rate of gain, calving ease.

12 Gelbvieh Color(s): No color Standards Horned/Polled: Both Originated from (When & Where): Originated in Germany and was introduced to the U.S. in Traits: increased fertility, high milk ability, excellent growth rate, and good muscling.

13 Limousin Color(s): Golden red to black Horned/Polled: Both Originated from (When & Where): originated from France and introduced to the U.S. in Traits: Natural genetic ability to produce lean, flavorful beef in a variety of settings.

14 Maine Anjou Color(s): Very dark red with white spots (markings) Horned/Polled: Both Originated from (When & Where): developed in France, introduced to the U.S. in Traits: Yield extremely lean, muscular carcasses.

15 Salers Color(s): Dark mahogany red Horned/Polled: Typically horned Originated from (When & Where): Originated in France, introduced to the U.S. in Traits: Calving ease, maternal efficiency, and carcass merit. Are capable of adapting to rough terrain and harsh climates.

16 Simmental Color(s): Vary from red & white spots, to fawn or straw colored, to dark red or black. Horned/Polled: Originated from (When & Where): Originated in the Simme Valley of Switzerland. Introduced to the U.S. in Traits: Acknowledged for both growth traits and maternal traits.

17 Tarentaise Color(s): Red with dark pigmentation around eyes and orifices. Horned/Polled: Horned Originated from (When & Where): Originated in France, imported to the U.S. in Traits: Known for their maternal traits, including fertility and high milking ability. Dairy breed in their natural region.

18 Texas Longhorn Color(s): Various colors & color patterns Horned/Polled: Horned Originated from (When & Where): descendant of the Spanish cattle brought to the Americas by Christopher Columbus. Traits: Longevity, hardiness, adaptability, light muscled, and produce calves with low birth weights.

19 Angus Color(s): Black hair and skin Horned/Polled: Polled Originated from (When & Where): Originated in the Highlands of Northern Scotland, imported to the U.S. in Traits: Maternal breed, these cattle are characterized by early sexual & compositional maturity, good milking ability, and excellent marbling.

20 Hereford & Polled Hereford Color(s): brownish red with a white face, chest, underline, & switch. Horned/Polled: Both Originated from (When & Where): originated in England and was imported to the U.S. in 1817 Traits: Breed is docile and known for its longevity, early maturity, and good milking ability.

21 Red Angus Color(s): Red Horned/Polled: Naturally Polled Originated from (When & Where): originated in the British Isles and was introduced to the U.S. in 1870 Traits: Carcass quality, maternal characteristics, calving ease, and moderate size.

22 Red Poll Color(s): light to dark red in color Horned/Polled: Polled Originated from (When & Where): originated in England, imported to the U.S. in Traits: maternal traits, carcass merit, and genetic consistency. Calves have been recognized for their rapid rate of gain.

23 Shorthorn Color(s): Red, white, or roan. Horned/Polled: Both Originated from (When & Where): originated in England, imported to the U.S. in Polled shorthorns were developed in Traits: Early maturing excellent milkers, and known for their good disposition.

24 Review

25 Breed of cattle brought to the U.S. from Mexico by Spanish explorers in the late 1800 s. has various color patterns, very durable and can adapt well to rough range conditions. A. Brangus B. Santa Gertrudis C. Simmental D. Texas Longhorn

26 Review What is a newborn cattle called? A. Bovine B. Calf C. Bull D. Herd

27 Breed of cattle originating in England around the Originally developed as a dual purpose breed for both meat and milk production. Red, white or roan in color. A. Angus B. Charolais C. Shorthorn D. Simmental

28 What is the Scientific name for cattle? A. Bovine B. Equine C. Ovine D. Porcine

29 What are mature male cattle called? A. Bull B. Calf C. Heifer D. Steer

30 Which breed of beef cattle originated in England. Has a red body, with a white face, white on its belly, legs, and switch. It can be horned or polled. A. Angus B. Beefmaster C. Charolais D. Hereford

31 What are mature females called? A. Calf B. Cow C. Heifer D. Herd

32 Breed of cattle developed in Switzerland. Usually have a cream-colored face with a light yellow, red or spotted body. Large framed, heavy-muscled and produce a lean carcass. A. Beefmaster B. Shorthorn C. Simmental D. Texas Longhorn

33 What is a group of cattle cattle? A. Drive B. Drove C. Group D. Herd

34 Breed of cattle developed around 1918 on the King Ranch in Texas. A cross between Brahman and Shorthorn. A. Beefmaster B. Hereford C. Santa Gertrudis D. Simmental

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