2.- Classify the following pictures into BIOTIC or ABIOTIC factors or both of them, and tell if they are part of the BIOTOPE or of the BIOCENOSIS.

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1 T.5. THE ECOSYSTEMS. 1.- Match the following words with their definitions. 1. Biotope a. relations between the components of an ecosystem 2. Biocenosis b. nonliving things of an ecosystem and its characteristics 3. Interactions c. all the living things that inhabit the biotope 4. Population d. members of the same species that are present in a community or biocenosis 2.- Classify the following pictures into BIOTIC or ABIOTIC factors or both of them, and tell if they are part of the BIOTOPE or of the BIOCENOSIS. PICTURE BIOTIC/ABIOTIC BIOTOPE/BIOCENOSIS 3.- Say if the following pictures are ecological populations or not and choose what kind of living thing forms the population in each case. If they are not ecological populations, say how many different species are in the picture. HORSES HUMAN BEINGS- FLAMINGOS - BARBELS GNUS WOLVES ELEPHANTS HYENAS GOOSES CHORALS LIONS BEE EATER 4.- Watch the following video about NOCTURNAL ANIMALS and try to identify what kind of animal is making each noise. 5.- Watch the following video about THE TOP 10 MOST DANGEROUS NOCTURNAL ANIMALS IN SOUTH AMERICA and do the following exercises: 5. a.- Match each word to their translation: VENOMOUS BITE PAINFUL CARRIES RABIES DIE DANGEROUS AFILADA PELIGROSO VENENOSO MORDIDA GARRA LLEVA MORIR

2 SHARP CLAW KILL HIT HEAVY COUGAR DEER AVOID GHOST DOLOROSA RABIA PUMA CIERVO FANTASMA PESADO GOLPEAR EVITAR MATAR 5. b.- Order the animals from the least dangerous to the most dangerous. ZEBRA BIRD EATER GIAN ANT EATER SPECTACLED BEAR CAIMAN COUGAR JAGUAR ANACONDA BLACK BIRD SPIDER VAMPIRE VAT GOLLIAT SPIDER 5. c.- Answer the following questions: a.- Who / What animal carries the rabies virus? b.- What is the biggest spider of the planet? How many centimetres can it reach? How many centimetres have their legs got? c.- What is the smallest crocodile in the world?. d.- Which animals are very dangerous when they have a baby? e.- Which animal is venomous to people? f.- What is the heaviest snake in the world? g.- Which animal can kill a human with one hit? h.- Which feline has spots in its skin? i.- What is the animal whose eyes are bright in the darkness?. j.- Which animal is a ghost in the jungle? 6.- Work in pairs. Complete the chart saying what kind of INTRASPECIFIC INTERACTIONS the following living things have: PHOTO COMPETITION FAMILY ASSOCIATIONS GREGARIOUS ASSOCIATIONS COLONIAL SOCIETIES COLONIAL FORMS

3 7.- After watching a video about the INTERSPECIFIC RELATIONSHIPS complete the following chart: MUTUALISM COMMENSALISM PARASITISM PREDATION COMPETITION SPECIES A SPECIES B PICTURES 8.- Watch the following video of the BBC and identify what kind of relationships you can see at every stop of the video and which two animals participate. 1 st STOP: 2 nd STOP: 3 rd STOP: 4 th STOP: 5 th STOP: 9.- Listening: watch the following video about ONE SPECIFIC PREDATOR and complete: a.- the animal is called b.- nearly of of mantis are found around the c.- the mantis is good at d.- the mantis has a of eyes e.- the mantis can move their eyes in any f.- the mantis hunt with speed. She is twice as fast as the of an eye. g.- after eating the mantis behaves like a. h.- mantises have, but only when they are very PAIR UNBELIEVABLE HUNGRY - SEXUAL CANIBALISM - CAMOUFLAGE BLINK - DIRECTION - COMPOUND - PRAYING MANTIS WORLD CAT 10.- Look at the picture. Order the organisms correctly to make a food chain and then answer the questions:

4 a.- What type of nutrition do the organisms have? b.- Which animals are producers and which ones are consumers? 11.- Video about different ECOSYSTEMS. Answer the questions with the words below: What can we find in the ocean? What can we find in the desert? What can survive in the tundra? What can we find in the forest? What can survive in grassland? What lives in wetlands? What lives in the rainforest? TOUCAN - COCODRILES - SQUIRREL FROGS -GIRAFFE CRANES MONKEYS -RHINOCEROS - POLAR BEAR LIONS - CAMELS SNAKES FOX - SHARK POLAR FOX - COMMENSALISM - NEMO SAND ANEMONE SEAL DEAR 12.- You are going to enjoy an extraordinary video about the Earth! Don t worry, you will watch the video several times to do the next activities. Listen carefully to the video and try to complete the sentences with the missing words, (try to do it first without using the words below). Put the verbs in brackets in the correct verbal form:

5 1. Above the planets our, there (BE) only that we (KNOW) can support. It is (CALL) Earth.. 2. one in the life of the we (SHARE) our. planet. 3. This day (JOIN) three on an journey our CREATURES - ONE - ABOUT FAMILIES - IN - YEAR AMAZING - PLANET - UNIVERSE LIFE EARTH ACROSS 13.- Work in pairs. Order the following video stills in order of appearance (number them from 1 to 9 from left to right): 14.- Find out the following concepts between the pictures of activity 13. (You can help it with activity 16). ANIMAL BEHAVIORS Predation Courtship Plays Protection TYPES OF ANIMALS Seal Pride of lions Sea birds Fishes

6 Polar bear Herd of elephants Birds of paradise Shark ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ANIMALS Couples Families Migrations Feeding THE EARTH S SPHERES Atmosphere Hydrosphere Geosphere Biosphere TYPES OF ECOSISTEMS Desert Tropical Polar Oceanic 15.- Classify the following pictures into the following biomes: a.- polar desert d.- deciduous forest g.- desert b.- tundra e.- Mediterranean forest h.- savannah c.- taiga f.- steppe i.- tropical forest