Jumano/Tigua. Native American Web Notes. Name Date Period. Tools/Weapons. Culture Group Religion. Government. Shelter. Pottery and Farming tools

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1 Native American Web Notes Name Date Period Tools/Weapons Pottery and Farming tools Very little known as it relates to Texas Very little known as it relates to Texas Jumano/Tigua Mountains and Basins Corn, squash, beans, forage, cannibalism Very little known as it relates to Texas Stationary, excellent architects, cliff dwellings with multiple stories, or Adobe brick homes

2 Mainly weapons, lance, bow, arrow items made with hides Birds are souls of the Dead, worship the sun, Vision quest Kiowas Great Plains Buckskin clothing, men long hair, women short hair Buffalo, no fish, forage, small game, wild vegetables Male: warrior society, Women: life of work, food prep, set up camp etc, Do not believe in retreat, Band with a chief Allies with the Comanche (too an extent) Nomadic, buckskin teepee (20-24 poles, hides), decorate with pictures/paintings

3 Mainly weapons, bow, arrow, shield, butcher site Vison Quest, NO fear of death! Comanche Great Plains and North Central Body paint, various clothing, men long hair with adornments, known as the Lords of the Plains Forage, Buffalo, bear, elk, antelope Tribal council of Elders, leader for hunting parties, leader for war, leader for civil/daily life, Bravery before death, allies with the Kiowas (sort of) Nomadic, buckskin teepee

4 Bow, arrow, shields, horses, lance, pottery Shaman/medicine man Kill all enemies Apache Great Plains and North Central Cradleboard, Marriage-like contract, piercings Buffalo, deer, antelope, javelinas, Rats, turkeys Family unit, Band only for War or important ceremonies, each band has a chief Nomadic, teepee

5 Bows, arrows, lance, shield, domesticated dog Not organized, varied by band, perhaps an early form of religious freedom Tonkawas Cradleboard, tattoos, jewelry, Body painting, buckskin clothing Buffalo, small game, snakes, turtles Chief of Bands, elect chief, bands can be split into clans, Matrilineal (Women in charge) Nomadic, Buckskin teepee

6 Smoke signals, canoes, pottery, bow, arrow, lance, other weapons, trout line, water proofing ability with oil, Medicine man/ shaman, magic, dancing/ceremonies, cannibalism Karankawas Costal Plains pierced, tattooed, Alligator hides for body armor, ambidextrous Small game, forage, fish, mostly seafood diet Bands of 40-50, male dominated society, chiefs for war and civil Nomadic along coastal shoreline area, windbreak/dog trot style home

7 Savage very animal like, crude stone tools, bow, arrow, little pottery, least amount of resources in comparison to other tribes Shaman/medicine man, vision quest, Religious leader, believe in variety of spiritual deities Coahuiltecans Tattooed, pierced, cloth clothing, sandals, Cannibalism Small game, forage, worms, lizards, fish, rotting meat Individual bands, Men and Women equal, each band has a chief Nomadic, moveable hut

8 Varied by tribe and location within north-eastern Tx. Early version, simplistic, of religious freedom Trotline Pottery Baskets Instruments Various weaponry including bow and arrow Caddo Divorce like social belief Tattooed extensively Language key in naming Texas *Abandoned unwanted members including children *Rock-a-bye nursery rhyme based on their culture Farmers mainly Fish, squash, beans, Melons, seeds, figs, Plums, corn 2 leaders (1 for war, 1 for civil/daily affairs) Men and women were equal, tribe worked as a unit Very systematic, all for one, one for all mentality Stationary (do not move) Domed shaped bee-hive home Made of straw and mud, 2 stories

9 War clubs, bow and arrow, Farm tools, baskets Sprit messengers, A god who lives in the sky Ceremonies Kickapoo Animal skin clothing Squash, beans, potatoes, Yams, bear, deer, forage Tribal chief (male or female) Tribal council of elders Act in best interest of tribe *stationary unless moved out, wooden hut

10 Bow and arrow, spear Bands in same area who spoke the same language, tattooed Little is known Atakapans Small game, deer, bear, fish, clams, crab, and fish Little is known, either died out Or were absorbed into other tribes Grass hut, windbreaks, camp site look

11 Bow and arrow, blow gun, farm tools Fire important Sun God Alabama Coushatta Blended, tow tribes, Alabama- Peaceful, Coushatta- aggressive Corn, beans, squash, deer, fruits, nuts, bear Blended (merging of two tribes due to small numbers) Grass walled wooden hut

12 Farm tools, pottery, dogs, canoe, Musical instruments, spear, bow& arrow Ceremonies Good rewarded Evil Punished Cherokee Very civilized, European/American style clothing and houses Corn, beans, squash, deer and small game Matrilineal Tribal Council Log cabins, wooden houses Plantations

13 Bow and arrow, farm tools, Raiders stole from others Shaman Animal skin clothes, tattooed (lines and circles) Wichita Chief and sub chief Men hunt and war Women everything else Pumpkins, squash, beans (Fall) Bear(Spring) Grass houses attached to wooden forked poles

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