WWF POSITION STATEMENT 12th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES, Santiago, 3-15 November 2002

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "WWF POSITION STATEMENT 12th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES, Santiago, 3-15 November 2002"

Transcription

1 CITES WWF POSITION STATEMENT 12th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES, Santiago, 3-15 November 2002 African elephants Props. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe propose a range of amendments to the annotations to the listing in Appendix II of their African elephant populations. These amendments would allow trade in an expanded range of elephant products, including hunting trophies, live animals, hides, leather goods, raw ivory and worked ivory. All proposals seek to establish initial and subsequent annual quotas for trade in raw ivory. All specify that trade in raw ivory from these populations not take place until 18 months after such amendment. The proposal from South Africa further specifies that ivory exports would be limited to existing stocks of tusks or ivory pieces of more than 20 cm in length and one kilogram in weight originating from Kruger National Park. Zambia has proposed the transfer of its elephant population from Appendix I to Appendix II, with an annotation to allow trade in live animals and trade in raw ivory. Kenya and India have proposed the transfer of all African elephant populations currently listed in Appendix II to Appendix I. See following page for full summary of proposals BIG LEAF MAHOGANY, A BARTSCHI, WWF-CANON SIBERIAN TIGER, KLEIN/HUBERT, STILL PICTURES ASIAN ELEPHANT, A COMPOST, STILL PICTURES

2 Summary table of CoP 12 elephant proposals (adapted from the TRAFFIC Recommendations on Proposals to amend the Appendices at CoP 12) Substantive proposed amendments to the Appendices are indicated in bold. Proposal Proponent Current Annotation Proposed Annotation/Transfer Prop. 6 Botswana Export of hunting trophies Trade in hunting trophies; Export of live animals. Trade in raw ivory under an initial quota of not more than 20,000kg and an annual quota of not more than 4,000kg; Trade in hides; Trade in leather goods; and Trade in ivory carvings. Prop. 7 Namibia Export of hunting Trade in hunting trophies; trophies; and Export of live animals. Trade in raw ivory under an initial quota of not more than 10,000 kg and an annual quota of not more than 2,000 kg; Trade in hides; Trade in leather goods; and Trade in ivory carvings. Prop. 8 South Africa Trade in hunting trophies; Trade in hunting trophies; Trade in hides; and Trade in raw ivory under an Trade in leather goods. initial quota of 30,000 kg and an annual quota of not more than 2,000 kg; Trade in hides; and Trade in leather goods. Prop. 9 Zambia [Appendix I] To Appendix II to allow: and Trade in raw ivory under an initial quota of 17,000 kg. Prop. 10 Zimbabwe Export of hunting trophies; Trade in hunting trophies; Export of live animals; Export of hides; Trade in raw ivory under an initial Export of leather goods; quota of not more than 10,000 kg and Export of ivory and an annual quota of not carvings. more than 5,000 kg; Trade in hides; Trade in leather goods; and Trade in ivory carvings. Prop. 11 Kenya [Populations in All populations currently in and India Appendix II] Appendix II to Appendix I.

3 1. General background WWF has a significant long-term commitment to elephant conservation in both Africa and Asia, with active field elephant conservation programmes in numerous countries in both regions. In these conservation programmes, as well as in our participation at CITES, we are guided by a single objective: ensuring the longterm future of African and Asian elephants in the wild. WWF supported the inclusion of the African elephant in Appendix I of CITES at CoP 7 in 1989, in order to combat a massive illegal trade in ivory causing dramatic declines in elephant populations throughout most of Africa in the 1970s and 1980s. The evidence indicates that the 1989 Appendix I listing was successful in eliminating some major ivory markets, leading to reduced poaching in many countries and allowing populations to recover. Since that time, international commercial trade in raw ivory has been banned, apart from a single shipment of ivory from southern African nations to Japan, in This was made possible by the transfer from Appendix I to Appendix II of the African elephant populations of Zimbabwe, Namibia and Botswana in 1997 and of South Africa in Throughout this entire period, and despite the relative success of the 1989 ban, illegal killing for illegal trade in ivory has remained a complex and ongoing problem. i. CITES and international monitoring of illegal elephant killing and trade The overriding concern of the CITES Parties must be to ensure that their decisions on elephant trade effectively combat illegal killing and trade of elephants and their products, while allowing, where relevant, trade-related conservation benefits to be realised. This concern goes to the heart of the credibility of CITES as an international institution. In 1997, in Res. Conf 10.10, CITES Parties mandated the development and implementation of two major tools to achieve this goal: MIKE (Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants) and ETIS (Elephant Trade Information System). ETIS, established and maintained by TRAFFIC-the wildlife monitoring network (a joint programme of WWF and IUCN), in cooperation with the CITES Secretariat, comprises elephant product seizure records going back to 1989, which are used as a basis to assess trends in illegal trade. It allows assessment of the impact of several vital factors on levels of illegal trade in elephant products, including domestic ivory market scale and regulation, levels of corruption, law enforcement effort, underlying economic trends and, indirectly, ivory trade decisions of the CITES Parties. TRAFFIC will present at CoP 12 an analysis of this data, indicating, among other insights, the primary importance of large, poorly regulated domestic ivory markets in driving patterns of illegal trade. WWF is currently supporting training and capacity building for effective ETIS implementation in Africa. MIKE is an international site-based system to monitor illegal killing of elephants in their range states in Africa and Asia, currently in the process of implementation. WWF is working co-operatively with the MIKE team to determine how it may support MIKE implementation in Africa. ii. Illegal ivory trade in Africa and Asia Recent TRAFFIC reports on the ivory market in a number of Asian countries have revealed a persistent demand for ivory products, continuing illegal trade, and weaknesses in legislation and enforcement. In China, despite the decline of the state-run ivory carving industry since the international ban, illicit ivory remains much in demand, with the ivory carving industry now believed to be run mainly by private, and illegal, family operations. The increasing power of Chinese consumers and weak enforcement of ivory trade regulation add further concerns to the future development of China as a major ivory consumer. In Taiwan, domestic sale of ivory is permitted under strict regulations but smuggling and illegal trade activities still persist. In Vietnam, open markets for elephant products, mostly curios, continue to serve both the domestic market as well as tourists from other parts of Asia. Most of these markets remain poorly regulated and, to a large extent, rely upon illegal sources of ivory. In Myanmar, legislation allows trade of products derived from domesticated

4 elephants, creating a large potential loophole in which wild-caught elephants and elephant parts from other countries could be 'laundered'. Domestic trade is also a growing concern in Africa. According to an analysis by TRAFFIC of the ivory seizure data in ETIS, illegal ivory trade in Africa is most strongly correlated with the presence or absence of unregulated domestic ivory markets. A number of countries in Africa have active ivory carving industries that are not yet structured, organised or controlled. Ivory products are openly sold in tourist curio markets, hotels and other retail outlets, completely disregarding CITES recommendations and with little government interference. In one known case, ivory products were even available for sale in the departure lounge of an international airport in flagrant violation of CITES. Comprehensive legislative, regulatory and enforcement measures need to be adopted in these countries that will address issues such as registration or licensing all importers, manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers dealing in ivory products. Even where legislation is in force, legal loopholes in some countries currently allow unregulated, unreported and illegal trade in ivory. Domestic trade controls also need to be implemented to document and monitor the flow of ivory. iii. Conservation of African and Asian elephants International and domestic trade control is only one component of a much larger elephant conservation agenda. Elephants face a range of serious threats across their range, including increasing human-elephant conflict, diminishing range due to the spread of agriculture and other intensive uses, and declining budgets for protected area management and law enforcement. As crucial as domestic and international trade controls are measures for strengthening the infrastructure of parks and protected areas, integrating elephant and human needs outside protected areas and developing methods to mitigate conflict, developing conservation programmes that provide benefits and conservation incentives for local people, expanding appropriate ecotourism opportunities, conducting applied scientific research, including effective habitat and population monitoring, and training and equipping park managers, anti-poaching units and other law enforcement agents. WWF is actively engaged with these efforts, in both Asia and Africa. Elephant conservation and management needs vary greatly from country to country and region to region, due in part to differences in elephant population numbers, vegetation and human densities. In southern Africa, for example, where some of the largest elephant populations remain, elephant management approaches employed by range states in savanna and miombo differ greatly from those used by West African and Asian states with threatened and fragmented forest elephant populations. In Central Africa, poorly known elephant populations inhabit dense rain forest, greatly hampering effective management. The contrast in population numbers between states is immense: Botswana, for instance, may have over 100,000 elephants, while no range state in West Africa has a population above 4,000. As the responsibility for conserving elephants lies ultimately with the range States of both Africa and Asia, it is vital that they build consensus and mutual understanding of their individual concerns. The ongoing African elephant range states Dialogue process has been crucial in this regard, and a range States Dialogue involving Asian range states could prove equally valuable. The international community, international donor institutions, and CITES Parties with greater financial resources should stand ready to assist range States on request.

5 2. Trade in raw ivory Proposed amendments 6(c), 7(e), 8(d), 9(a), 10(a) Proponents: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe WWF position: Oppose WWF recognises and applauds the success of many Southern African elephant range states in conserving and managing their elephant populations. WWF has active field programmes which contribute to elephant conservation in Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. WWF recognises that elephant conservation and management work requires large revenues. While different countries employ different models to secure sustainable funding sources for this vital work, including eco-tourism and trophy hunting, we recognise that income from trade in elephant products can, and has, provided revenue for elephant conservation. In many countries, including Southern Africa, the large majority of elephants live outside of protected areas, and large and often growing populations can cause severe impacts on local people, typically the rural poor. WWF recognises that ensuring long-term effective conservation in much of the region requires working closely with local communities, and ensuring that they have incentives to maintain elephant populations, rather than destroying them or converting land to agriculture and other intensive uses. Community based conservation programmes in Southern Africa highlight the successes that can be gained with such an approach. We recognise further the role that revenues from trade in elephant products can play in providing these incentives, although different approaches are certainly possible. However, the prospect of trade in ivory from southern African elephant populations raises serious concerns regarding the potential for such trade to lead to increased illegal killing of both African and Asian elephants. Recent decades have seen a distressing decline in West, East and potentially Central African, and Asian elephant populations. While these populations are impacted by widespread loss of habitat and conflicts with humans, illegal killing for both ivory and, increasingly (in Africa), elephant meat, remains a key threat. The status of the Asian elephant is of particular concern. The population of Asian elephants stands at only around one-tenth of that of African elephants, and poaching may already have caused disruption to sex ratios in these populations due to ivory being carried only by males. Our understanding of factors influencing illegal killing and trade in ivory remains limited, although we look to the ETIS report presented at CoP 12 for further understanding. Approval of further legal international ivory trade may risk sending the message to poachers, "middlemen" and governments that ivory trade is legal or may become so, potentially encouraging increased killing and/or stockpiling of ivory. It is essential to ensure that potential conservation benefits to the elephant populations of proponent range States do not lead to negative impacts on elephant populations in other range States in Africa or Asia. This has been one of the strongest and most consistent messages from both the CITES Conference of the Parties and the African elephant range States Dialogue over the last several years. We therefore believe that the following conditions must be satisfied before the CoP considers proposals for re-opening trade in ivory: a) comprehensive enforcement controls are in place in both exporting and importing countries that effectively minimise the risk of illegal ivory infiltrating any further legal trade; b) mechanisms are in place in the proponent country or countries that will ensure that the conservation status of the elephant population(s) concerned and their environment will be enhanced directly as a result of any revenues raised;

6 c) mechanisms are in place whereby independent monitoring of the sourcing, marking, packing, export and import of ivory can be carried out under the auspices of CITES; d) MIKE (Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants) has established a base line, and sustained data collection at site level is ongoing and sufficient to produce analytical reports in the future as required. We note that ETIS is already operational, and forms the basis of a full analytical report at CoP 12. WWF draws the attention of the CITES Parties in particular to the importance of the international monitoring systems on illegal killing and trade (condition (d)). MIKE and ETIS were mandated at CoP 10 in 1997 in both Decision 10.1 and Res. Conf ETIS is operational and returning reliable data for analysis. However, while important progress has been made in the development and implementation of MIKE, this system is currently inadequately developed to provide substantive information to assist the CITES Parties in decision making. We note in this respect that MIKE will be submitting only an implementation progress report at CoP12, and will not be delivering a substantive report until CoP13. We thus believe resumption of international trade in ivory is premature. Although these Parties deserve support and credit for their success in conserving and managing their elephant populations, WWF urges Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe to withdraw their proposals regarding amendments to the Appendices to allow such trade. 3. Trade in elephant products other than raw ivory i. Hunting trophies, hides and leather Proposed amendments: 6 (d),(e); 7 (c),(d) Proponents: Botswana, Namibia WWF position: Support The elephant populations of Botswana and Namibia are included in CITES Appendix II, with certain annotations. WWF believes that these populations are appropriately listed in the CITES Appendices. WWF supports amending the associated annotations to these listings to allow for the proposed trade in nonivory products, including hunting trophies (already permitted under current annotations), hides, and leather goods, provided that the Conference of the Parties is satisfied that effective enforcement controls for such commodities are in place in proponent countries. ii. Ivory carvings Proposed amendments: 6 (f); 7 (d) Proponents: Botswana, Namibia WWF position: Oppose With respect to trade in ivory carvings, WWF has serious concerns regarding effective domestic regulation of ivory markets. Poor regulation of domestic ivory markets has emerged as a key factor in the existence of illegal ivory trade, in the TRAFFIC analysis of ETIS seizure data presented at CoP 12. A number of measures to control domestic ivory markets have been set out in Res. Conf It is imperative that a mechanism is established to ensure effective regulation and control of these markets before a legal domestic ivory carving industry is considered.

7 iii. Live animals Proposed amendments: 9 (a) Proponent: Zambia WWF position: Oppose WWF does not object in principle to the current annotation allowing trade in live elephants from South Africa. This annotation is conservation-based, and allows only for trade in live animals for re-introduction purposes into protected areas formally proclaimed in the legislation of the importing country. It is hoped that this measure might reduce South Africa s current need to cull elephants due to lack of adequate range. However, WWF is concerned about the lack of detail specifying the conditions of export of live elephants from other states. WWF only endorses removal from the wild and export of live elephants for legitimate reintroduction, translocation, or other conservation purposes that are designed to enhance the conservation of the species in the wild, and only as a strategy of last resort. In this regard we look forward to the issuing of guidelines on translocations, currently under discussion by the IUCN African Elephant Specialist Group. 4. Transfer of the Zambian population of African elephants from Appendix I to Appendix II Prop. 9 Proponent: Zambia WWF position: awaiting report of panel of experts Zambia has proposed to transfer its population of elephants from Appendix I to Appendix II, with an annotation to allow trade of 17 tonnes of raw ivory obtained from management operations, and live sales under special circumstances. In 1997 the CITES Parties agreed a process for the transfer of populations of African elephants from Appendix I to Appendix II, in Res. Conf Proposals to transfer these populations undergo a review process by a Panel of Experts nominated by UNEP, IUCN and TRAFFIC International. This panel assess scientific evidence available regarding numbers and trends of the indicated population, the conservation and management of these populations, and threats to their status, and the adequacy of controls on trade in ivory and other parts and derivatives. WWF awaits the findings of this Panel of Experts in order to formulate recommendations on this proposal. However, for reasons given above, we believe any such downlisting should not be accompanied by an annotation allowing trade in raw ivory, and our concerns, expressed above, regarding trade in live animals remain applicable. 5. Proposal to transfer all african elephant populations currently listed in Appendix II to Appendix I Prop. 11 Proponents: Kenya/India WWF position: Oppose Kenya and India have proposed the transfer of the African elephant populations of Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana and Namibia from Appendix II to Appendix I. The criteria for listing on Appendix I are established by the Convention in Article II, and elaborated in Res. Conf The biological criteria which must be fulfilled for species to be listed on Appendix I are set out in Annex I of Res. Conf. 9.24, and may be met if the

8 population under consideration is (or is likely to be in five years) either small, or with a restricted area of distribution, or subject to declining numbers. The southern African elephant populations currently listed in Appendix II show every evidence of being large, extensively distributed and in all four countries show evidence of ongoing healthy growth. WWF considers that these populations clearly do not meet the criteria for Appendix I. We thus urge Kenya and India to withdraw this proposal. 6. WWF summary recommendations for CITES CoP 12 Recommendations on elephant trade proposals Proposal Proponent(s) Proposed Amendment Recommendation 6(c), 7(e), Botswana, Namibia, Raw ivory Oppose 8(d), South Africa, Zambia, 9(a),10(a) Zimbabwe 6(d),(e), Botswana, Namibia Hunting trophies, hides and leather Support 7(c),(d) 6(f), 7(d) Botswana, Namibia Ivory carvings Oppose 7(a) Zambia Live animals Oppose 9 Zambia Transfer Zambian population Await panel of to Appendix II experts report 11 Kenya/India Transfer all populations on Oppose Appendix II to Appendix I

9 Further recommendations 1. WWF urges decisive action by the Conference of the Parties to address the issue of unregulated domestic markets for ivory in Africa and Asia. These have emerged as major drivers for large scale patterns of illegal ivory trade, with consequent impacts on elephant poaching and population decline. Required actions include commitments to support capacity building and training, implementation of increased trade controls and enforcement efforts, and legislative and regulatory reform. 2. WWF urges increased debate and understanding among CITES Parties and the NGO community, in both Africa and Asia, of the operation, capabilities and limitations of MIKE. 3. WWF urges the Conference of the Parties to support the effective operation of MIKE and ETIS, to allow increased understanding of the patterns and scale of illegal killing and trade in elephants and their products. 4. WWF urges the Conference of the Parties to consider decisions and actions to address the current status of the Asian elephant, in particular combating widespread poaching for domestic and international trade. 5. WWF encourages the Conference of the Parties to recognise and address the illegal elephant killing of elephants for meat, including for international markets, in addition to killing for trade in ivory. WWF s mission is to stop the degradation of the planet s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by: conserving the world s biological diversity ensuring that the use of renewable resources is sustainable promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption. WWF International Species Programme Panda House, Weyside Park Godalming, Surrey GU7 1XR United Kingdom Panda symbol 1986 WWF WWF registered trademark Printed on recycled paper made from 100 per cent post consumer waste Project number 1506/September 2002

Original language: English CoP17 Doc CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

Original language: English CoP17 Doc CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Original language: English CoP17 Doc. 39.2 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Seventeenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties Johannesburg (South Africa),

More information

WWF POSITION STATEMENT 12th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES Santiago, 3-15 November 2002

WWF POSITION STATEMENT 12th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES Santiago, 3-15 November 2002 CITES 2002 www.panda.org/species/cites WWF POSITION STATEMENT 12th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES Santiago, 3-15 November 2002 Whales Props. 4 & 5: Japan has proposed to transfer from

More information

TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME FACT SHEET. Environmental crime Trafficking in wildlife and timber

TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME FACT SHEET. Environmental crime Trafficking in wildlife and timber TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME FACT SHEET Environmental crime Trafficking in wildlife and timber Transnational organized crime is found wherever money can be made from illicit activities. One such activity

More information

On a Knife's Edge: The Rhinoceros Horn Trade in Yemen

On a Knife's Edge: The Rhinoceros Horn Trade in Yemen On a Knife's Edge: The Rhinoceros Horn Trade in Yemen A TRAFFIC Network Report May 1997 Summary While Asia's rhinoceroses have been poached predominantly for their horn to be made into medicines in eastern

More information

Can a Basic Income Stop The Illegal Wildlife Trade? Lynn Johnson, PhD Founder, Nature Needs More CEO, Leadership Mastery Melbourne, Australia

Can a Basic Income Stop The Illegal Wildlife Trade? Lynn Johnson, PhD Founder, Nature Needs More CEO, Leadership Mastery Melbourne, Australia Can a Basic Income Stop The Illegal Wildlife Trade? Lynn Johnson, PhD Founder, Nature Needs More CEO, Leadership Mastery Melbourne, Australia The Idea 2 Stages Stage 1: Can a Basic Income stop the Illegal

More information

FACE BRIEF: INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS/CITES COP16 - MARCH POSITIVE CONCLUSIONS FOR CITES COP16 FOR HUNTING AND SUSTAINABLE USE

FACE BRIEF: INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS/CITES COP16 - MARCH POSITIVE CONCLUSIONS FOR CITES COP16 FOR HUNTING AND SUSTAINABLE USE POSITIVE CONCLUSIONS FOR CITES COP16 FOR HUNTING AND SUSTAINABLE USE When the world s largest wildlife trade summit concluded on 14 March in Bangkok, Thailand, hunters could rejoice over a number of victories

More information

A Discussion on Conservation Strategies for Endangered Charismatic Megafauna

A Discussion on Conservation Strategies for Endangered Charismatic Megafauna 1 Lions, Tigers, and Bears, Oh My! A Discussion on Conservation Strategies for Endangered Charismatic Megafauna 2 3 4 5 6 Megafauna Large animal species with widespread popular appeal whose protection

More information

DRAFT Environmental Assessment: Revisions to the African elephant rule under section 4(d) of the Endangered Species Act (50 CFR 17.

DRAFT Environmental Assessment: Revisions to the African elephant rule under section 4(d) of the Endangered Species Act (50 CFR 17. DRAFT Environmental Assessment: Revisions to the African elephant rule under section 4(d) of the Endangered Species Act (50 CFR 17.40(e)) Introduction The African elephant was listed as threatened under

More information

Cracking down on the illegal ivory market is key to saving elephants

Cracking down on the illegal ivory market is key to saving elephants Cracking down on the illegal ivory market is key to saving elephants By Daniel Stiles, The Guardian, adapted by Newsela staff on 11.29.16 Word Count 852 A herd of adult and baby elephants walks in the

More information

Sustainable use of wildlife in the context of the GIZ Regional Programme in Central Asia

Sustainable use of wildlife in the context of the GIZ Regional Programme in Central Asia Sustainable use of wildlife in the context of the GIZ Regional Programme in Central Asia Stakeholder Meeting on the Conservation of Large Mammals in Central Asia 23-25 September 2014, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

More information

Dallas Safari Club Auction of a Permit to Hunt a Namibian Black Rhino

Dallas Safari Club Auction of a Permit to Hunt a Namibian Black Rhino 22 November 2013 C/o Park Planning & Development South African National Parks PO Box 76693 NMMU 6013 Port Elizabeth, South Africa Tel: +27-41-5085411; Fax: +27-41-5085415 mknight@nmmu.ac.za To whom it

More information

Position of WWF Mongolia Program Office on current situation of Argali hunting and conservation in Mongolia

Position of WWF Mongolia Program Office on current situation of Argali hunting and conservation in Mongolia Position of WWF Mongolia Program Office on current situation of Argali hunting and conservation in Mongolia Since wildlife is a part of state property in Mongolia, only the relevant authorized governmental

More information

Managing rhino, even in the absence of poaching

Managing rhino, even in the absence of poaching Managing rhino, even in the absence of poaching Howard H. Hendricks Markus Hofmeyr, Sam Ferreira and Mike Knight Source: Rowan-Martin Markus Hofmeyr Why should rhinos matter? Species Varied threats

More information

Section 3: The Future of Biodiversity

Section 3: The Future of Biodiversity Section 3: The Future of Biodiversity Preview Bellringer Objectives Saving Species One at a Time Captive-Breeding Programs Preserving Genetic Material Zoos, Aquariums, Parks, and Gardens Preserving Habitats

More information

Healthy Planet. legacy circle

Healthy Planet. legacy circle Protecting Wildlife A FOR Healthy Planet Andy Rouse PROGRESS REPORT legacy circle As you will read in this report, last year we marked critical victories for some of Earth s most iconic and beloved species

More information

RE: DEA NOTICE 74 OF 2017 ON DRAFT REGULATIONS FOR THE DOMESTIC TRADE IN RHINOCEROS HORN, OR PART, PRODUCT OR DERIVATIVE OF RHINOCEROS HORN

RE: DEA NOTICE 74 OF 2017 ON DRAFT REGULATIONS FOR THE DOMESTIC TRADE IN RHINOCEROS HORN, OR PART, PRODUCT OR DERIVATIVE OF RHINOCEROS HORN 10 March 2017 The Director-General Department of Environmental Affairs Attention: Ms Magdel Boshoff submitted by email to: mboshoff@environment.gov.za RE: DEA NOTICE 74 OF 2017 ON DRAFT REGULATIONS FOR

More information

ANIMAL HARVEST IN THE NEWS

ANIMAL HARVEST IN THE NEWS MINIMIZING IMPACTS OF ANIMAL HARVEST ANIMAL HARVEST IN THE NEWS Minimizing Impacts of Animal Harvest Animal Harvest: Removing an animal from the wild population through killing or capture: Culling Population/ecosystem

More information

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Forty-first meeting of the Standing Committee Geneva (Switzerland), 8-12 February 1999 Doc. SC.41.6.3 Issues relating to

More information

NATIONAL REPORT FORMAT FOR THE SAIGA ANTELOPE MOU AND ACTION PLAN

NATIONAL REPORT FORMAT FOR THE SAIGA ANTELOPE MOU AND ACTION PLAN CMS/SA-1/Report Annex 7 NATIONAL REPORT FORMAT FOR THE SAIGA ANTELOPE MOU AND ACTION PLAN This national reporting format is designed to monitor implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding and Action

More information

Trophy Hunting: A Threat to Africa s Wildlife RISK AFRICA S WILDLIFE & TOURISM

Trophy Hunting: A Threat to Africa s Wildlife RISK AFRICA S WILDLIFE & TOURISM Trophy Hunting: A Threat to Africa s Wildlife UNSUSTAINABLE PRACTICE RIDDLED WITH CORRUPTION, PUTTING AT RISK AFRICA S WILDLIFE & TOURISM OCTOBER 3 RD, 2017 Global Scale of Trophy Hunting Source: IFAW

More information

Original language: English CoP17 Inf. 71 (English only / Únicamente en inglés / Seulement en anglais)

Original language: English CoP17 Inf. 71 (English only / Únicamente en inglés / Seulement en anglais) Original language: English CoP17 Inf. 71 (English only / Únicamente en inglés / Seulement en anglais) CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Seventeenth meeting

More information

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties Bangkok (Thailand), 2-14 October 2004 CoP13 Doc. 19.4 Interpretation

More information

SB194 3/13/2017 EXHIBIT C Senate Committee oncommerce Labor and Energy Date: Total pages: 18 Exhibit begins with: C1 thru C18

SB194 3/13/2017 EXHIBIT C Senate Committee oncommerce Labor and Energy Date: Total pages: 18 Exhibit begins with: C1 thru C18 SB194 3/13/2017 The Illegal Wildlife Trade According to a 2014 UN report on environmental crime, the illegal wildlife trade of flora and fauna is estimated to be worth as much as 23 billion dollars annually.

More information

Position Paper. CIC International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation

Position Paper. CIC International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Position Paper CIC International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation for CoP 17 of the Convention on International Trade In Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Johannesburg, 24 September

More information

Proposal for cooperation between GRASP and the CMS Gorilla Agreement

Proposal for cooperation between GRASP and the CMS Gorilla Agreement Proposal for cooperation between GRASP and the CMS Gorilla Agreement Background Great Apes Survival Partnership The Great Apes Survival Partnership (GRASP) was founded in 2001 at the World Summit on Sustainable

More information

Deletion of Bobcat Lynx rufus from Appendix II. Proponent: The United States of America. CoP 14 Prop. 2

Deletion of Bobcat Lynx rufus from Appendix II. Proponent: The United States of America. CoP 14 Prop. 2 Deletion of Bobcat Lynx rufus from Appendix II. CoP 14 Prop. 2 Proponent: The United States of America. Summary: The Bobcat Lynx rufus is a medium-sized, spotted cat. It is the most widely distributed

More information

Proposals to amend the Appendices

Proposals to amend the Appendices WWF CITES CoP14 2007 CONTENTS Title Page Introduction from Dr. Susan Lieberman, Director WWF s Global Species Programme 5 Proposals to amend the Appendices 4 African elephant (Botswana & Namibia) 6 5 African

More information

TAI Towards Zero Poaching in Tiger Heartlands An assessment of the protection status of 135 critical sites for tiger recovery

TAI Towards Zero Poaching in Tiger Heartlands An assessment of the protection status of 135 critical sites for tiger recovery TAI 2012 Towards Zero Poaching in Tiger Heartlands An assessment of the protection status of 135 critical sites for tiger recovery WWF s mission is to stop the degradation of the planet s natural environment

More information

UN agrees to ban on ivory trade

UN agrees to ban on ivory trade www.breaking News English.com Ready-to-use ESL / EFL Lessons The Breaking News English.com Resource Book 1,000 Ideas & Activities For Language Teachers http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/book.html UN agrees

More information

THREATENED SPECIES AND AMAZON STAMPS

THREATENED SPECIES AND AMAZON STAMPS 2011 RESOURCES FOR SCHOOLS THREATENED SPECIES AND AMAZON STAMPS Background To celebrate our 50th anniversary, and the work that WWF carries out to protect species and habitat around the world, Royal Mail

More information

Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

Biodiversity and Conservation Biology 11 Biodiversity and Conservation Biology Chapter Objectives This chapter will help you: Characterize the scope of biodiversity on Earth Contrast the background extinction rate with periods of mass extinction

More information

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA MIKE REPORT LEVELS AND TRENDS OF ILLEGAL KILLING OF ELEPHANTS IN AFRICA TO 31 DECEMBER 2016 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Background on MIKE The CITES programme for Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants,

More information

A Forest Without Elephants: Can We Save One of Earth s Iconic Species?

A Forest Without Elephants: Can We Save One of Earth s Iconic Species? Chapter 11: Preserving Biodiversity A Forest Without Elephants: Can We Save One of Earth s Iconic Species? Guiding Question 1: What are the major causes of species endangerment and extinction today? Start

More information

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing the Southern White Rhino

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing the Southern White Rhino This document is scheduled to be published in the Federal Register on 05/20/2014 and available online at http://federalregister.gov/a/2014-11537, and on FDsys.gov Billing Code: 4310-55 DEPARTMENT OF THE

More information

Original language: English CoP17 Prop. 7 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

Original language: English CoP17 Prop. 7 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Original language: English CoP17 Prop. 7 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Seventeenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties Johannesburg (South Africa),

More information

Case 1:14-cv RCL Document 1 Filed 04/21/14 Page 1 of 31 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Case 1:14-cv RCL Document 1 Filed 04/21/14 Page 1 of 31 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Case 1:14-cv-00670-RCL Document 1 Filed 04/21/14 Page 1 of 31 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SAFARI CLUB INTERNATIONAL ) 501 2nd Street NE ) Washington, DC 20002, ) ) Plaintiff,

More information

Keep Namibia s wildlife on the land!

Keep Namibia s wildlife on the land! Keep Namibia s wildlife on the land! 1 Understanding the conservation benefits of wildlife use in Namibia 2014/15 An information resource dedicated to all who have Africa s wildlife at heart and through

More information

Review of Egypt s National Laws, Regulations, and Adequacy of Enforcement

Review of Egypt s National Laws, Regulations, and Adequacy of Enforcement Review of Egypt s National Laws, Regulations, and Adequacy of Enforcement Aim of the Legal Review Comprehensive summary of the currently existent laws and regulations that address bird hunting and trapping

More information

ALBERTA WILDERNESS ASSOCIATION. Hunting, Trapping, and Fishing

ALBERTA WILDERNESS ASSOCIATION. Hunting, Trapping, and Fishing Hunting, Trapping, and Fishing AWA s mission is to defend Wild Alberta through awareness and action. That is, our goal is to defend and preserve big wilderness. Hunting, trapping, and fishing are not central

More information

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals MEETING TO CONCLUDE THE AGREEMENT ON THE CONSERVATION OF THE ASIAN HOUBARA BUSTARD (Chlamydotis undulata macqueenii) Nairobi, Kenya,

More information

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION IN MALAWI

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION IN MALAWI WILDLIFE CONSERVATION IN MALAWI PRESENTED TO FORESTRY AND WILDLIFE GOVERNANCE STAKEHOLDER WORKSHOP Crossroads Hotel 28 SEPTEMBER 2015 Contents What wildlife is Ownership of wildlife Policy and legislative

More information

1 "The Cost Is Extinction: African Elephants and the Ivory Trade by Katherine Grunder

1 The Cost Is Extinction: African Elephants and the Ivory Trade by Katherine Grunder 1 "The Cost Is Extinction: African Elephants and the Ivory Trade by Katherine Grunder I saw this picture on the Internet whilst researching for this essay that burrowed to the deeps of my soul and has

More information

Elephants and rhino in Africa: Ban or market their products?

Elephants and rhino in Africa: Ban or market their products? Elephants and rhino in Africa: Ban or market their products? Twink Allen The Paul Mellon Laboratory Brunswick Newmarket Suffolk UK The age-old trade Ivory apocalypse: Africa Geographic 2013 by Tim Jackson

More information

Norms and Standards. Moratorium. Regulations. Constitution NEMA NEMBA. Trade in rhino horn. CITES Regs

Norms and Standards. Moratorium. Regulations. Constitution NEMA NEMBA. Trade in rhino horn. CITES Regs CITES Constitution NEMA NEMBA Regulations Norms and Standards Moratorium CITES Regs Trade in rhino horn Marking of rhino horns and hunting of white rhino Management of elephant populations CITES CITES

More information

TACKLING THE IVORIES:

TACKLING THE IVORIES: TACKLING THE IVORIES: The Status of the US Trade in Elephant and Hippo Ivory Douglas F. Williamson A TRAFFIC North America Report TACKLING THE IVORIES: The Status of the US Trade in Elephant and Hippo

More information

trophy hunting in selected species

trophy hunting in selected species UNEP-WCMC technical l report Review of trophy hunting in selected species (Version edited for public release) 2 Review of trophy hunting in selected species Prepared for The European Commission, Directorate

More information

Report of Thailand on significant trade in specimens of appendix-ii species (Naja naja spp.)

Report of Thailand on significant trade in specimens of appendix-ii species (Naja naja spp.) SC50 Inf. 8 (English only / únicamente en inglés / seulement en anglais) Report of Thailand on significant trade in specimens of appendix-ii species (Naja naja spp.) 1. Three species of cobra occur in

More information

Appendix Template for Submission of Scientific Information To Describe Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas

Appendix Template for Submission of Scientific Information To Describe Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas Appendix Template for Submission of Scientific Information To Describe Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas Abstract (in less than 150 words) Coastal and marine areas: Africa Somalia has

More information

Corbett, Jim. Man-Eaters of Kumaon. Oxford University Press. 1993: Introduction and Chapter 1

Corbett, Jim. Man-Eaters of Kumaon. Oxford University Press. 1993: Introduction and Chapter 1 Things To Think About: Hunting Corbett, Jim. Man-Eaters of Kumaon. Oxford University Press. 1993: Introduction and Chapter 1 A few definitions: chokidar watchman durbar public audience or levee ghooral

More information

Global March for Elephants and Rhinos (GMFER) Comments on certain CoP17 provisional agenda items

Global March for Elephants and Rhinos (GMFER) Comments on certain CoP17 provisional agenda items Global March for Elephants and Rhinos (GMFER) Comments on certain CoP17 provisional agenda items August 8, 2016 Thank you for the opportunity to submit public comment on the provisional agenda for CoP17.

More information

LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY

LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY Four Criteria for Sustainability Sustainable Ecosystems Need: Reliance on Solar Energy High Biodiversity Population Control Nutrient Cycling This note set aligns with this concept.

More information

The Economic Value of Wildlife Watching Tourism. 56 th Regional Commission for Africa. Luanda, Angola 28 April 2014

The Economic Value of Wildlife Watching Tourism. 56 th Regional Commission for Africa. Luanda, Angola 28 April 2014 The Economic Value of Wildlife Watching Tourism 56 th Regional Commission for Africa Luanda, Angola 28 April 2014 Background of the study Wildlife is one of the most precious resources for tourism in Africa

More information

IFAW-INTERPOL Cooperation

IFAW-INTERPOL Cooperation IFAW-INTERPOL Cooperation INTERPOL 7th International Conference on Environmental Crime September 14, 2010 Lyon, France Kelvin Alie Director, Wildlife Trade Program, IFAW Outline of Presentation Brief introduction

More information

Task 1. Within the safari park we are currently keeping and breeding two species of animal. These are the white rhino and the Ring tailed lemur.

Task 1. Within the safari park we are currently keeping and breeding two species of animal. These are the white rhino and the Ring tailed lemur. Information Within the safari park we are currently keeping and breeding two species of animal. These are the white rhino and the Ring tailed lemur. We are looking after them as there are not many of them

More information

Regional Plan of Action (RPOA) to Promote Responsible Fishing Practices including Combating IUU Fishing in the Region 1. Contents

Regional Plan of Action (RPOA) to Promote Responsible Fishing Practices including Combating IUU Fishing in the Region 1. Contents Regional Plan of Action (RPOA) to Promote Responsible Fishing Practices including Combating IUU Fishing in the Region 1 Contents Current resource and management situation in the region...3 Implementation

More information

The Rise of China and Breaking out the Middle- Income Trap in Latin America and the Caribbean countries: A New Structural Economics Approach

The Rise of China and Breaking out the Middle- Income Trap in Latin America and the Caribbean countries: A New Structural Economics Approach The Rise of China and Breaking out the Middle- Income Trap in Latin America and the Caribbean countries: A New Structural Economics Approach Justin Yifu Lin Senior Vice President and Chief Economist The

More information

Wild caught sustainable seafood

Wild caught sustainable seafood Wild caught sustainable seafood Published November 2012 Responsible sourcing We are committed to the quality, integrity and long-term sustainability of the seafood we sell. Founded in 1880, initially trading

More information

ODUMUNC 39. Economic and Social Council. Fighting International Poaching. By: Renée van den Brink

ODUMUNC 39. Economic and Social Council. Fighting International Poaching. By: Renée van den Brink ] ODUMUNC 39 Economic and Social Council Fighting International Poaching By: Renée van den Brink Issue Brief for the Economic and Social Council Fighting International Poaching by: Reneé van den Brink

More information

CONSEIL INTERNATIONAL DE LA CHASSE ET DE LA CONSERVATION DU GIBIER INTERNATIONALER RAT ZUR ERHALTUNG DES WILDES UND DER JAGD

CONSEIL INTERNATIONAL DE LA CHASSE ET DE LA CONSERVATION DU GIBIER INTERNATIONALER RAT ZUR ERHALTUNG DES WILDES UND DER JAGD CONSEIL INTERNATIONAL DE LA CHASSE ET DE LA CONSERVATION DU GIBIER INTERNATIONALER RAT ZUR ERHALTUNG DES WILDES UND DER JAGD INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR GAME AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION CITES CoP 15 Creative

More information

Report to COUNCIL for decision

Report to COUNCIL for decision 17 152 Title: Section: Prepared by: Olympic Pool Business Case Community & Recreation Andrew White (Community & Recreation Manager) Meeting Date: 18 May 2017 Legal Financial Significance = Medium Report

More information

in the Markets of LEE POSTON / WWF-GREATER MEKONG

in the Markets of LEE POSTON / WWF-GREATER MEKONG WA N T E D Species TOP 10 Endangered in the Markets of MOST WANTED the Golden Triangle LEE POSTON / WWF-GREATER MEKONG 2017 THE GOLDEN TRIANGLE is a global hub for trade in some of the world s most endangered

More information

Atlantic Canada lobster industry: structure & markets

Atlantic Canada lobster industry: structure & markets Atlantic Canada lobster industry: structure & markets Lobster summit October 2007 Gardner Pinfold 1 The lobster industry - vital to communities in Canada & U.S. Canada Landings 40-50,000 t $550-650 million

More information

Municipal waste management in Cyprus

Municipal waste management in Cyprus Municipal waste management in Cyprus Prepared by Ioannis Bakas ETC/SCP February 2013 EEA project manager Almut Reichel 1 Author affiliation Ioannis Bakas, Copenhagen Resource Institute, http://www.cri.dk/

More information

Rhino Poaching. After each report, explain new vocabulary and stimulate a short discussion on the report.

Rhino Poaching. After each report, explain new vocabulary and stimulate a short discussion on the report. Rhino Poaching Level Communication Objectives Language Objectives Advanced Discuss a problem and suggest possible solutions (I would...) Use subject-specific vocabulary. Compile a report by forming complete

More information

Hundreds of endangered wild snow leopards are killed each year

Hundreds of endangered wild snow leopards are killed each year 21 October 2016 Hundreds of endangered wild snow leopards are killed each year Poachers aren t the main problem Munkhtogtokh Ochirjav, WWF Mongolia By Andy Coghlan As many as 450 endangered snow leopards

More information

ACTION TO COMBAT ILLEGAL FISHING AND PROTECTING THE ENDANGERED FISH SPECIES IN AFRICA

ACTION TO COMBAT ILLEGAL FISHING AND PROTECTING THE ENDANGERED FISH SPECIES IN AFRICA ACTION TO COMBAT ILLEGAL FISHING AND PROTECTING THE ENDANGERED FISH SPECIES IN AFRICA The African component of the ACP Capacity Building Program related to Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)

More information

Stopping Illegal Wildlife Trade

Stopping Illegal Wildlife Trade Stopping Illegal Wildlife Trade Selling Into Extinction Elephants, tigers and other endangered wildlife are being killed at an alarming rate for trinkets, potions and fashion. A Publication of the International

More information

Proposal to the African Elephant Fund

Proposal to the African Elephant Fund Proposal to the African Elephant Fund 1.1 Country: Zambia 1.2 Project Title: Strengthening law enforcement capacity to combat illegal killing of elephants in Zambia 1.3 Project Location: Lusaka, Zambia

More information

Combating IUU: China and the European Market

Combating IUU: China and the European Market Combating IUU: China and the European Market Tatjana Gerling Smart Fishing Global Initiative WWF International Light tower Tatjana Gerling/WWF International 22 nd September 2014 The European Parliament

More information

Trade Growth - Fundamental Driver of Port Operations and Development Strategies

Trade Growth - Fundamental Driver of Port Operations and Development Strategies Trade Growth - Fundamental Driver of Port Operations and Development Strategies Marine Terminal Management Training Program October 15, 2007 Long Beach, CA Paul Bingham Global Insight, Inc. 1 Agenda Economic

More information

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Doc. 11.32 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties Gigiri (Kenya), 10-20 April 2000 Interpretation and implementation

More information

INTERNATIONAL DECADE OF OCEAN SCIENCE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ( ) OUTLINE

INTERNATIONAL DECADE OF OCEAN SCIENCE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ( ) OUTLINE 39th Session, Paris, 2017 39 C 39 C/52 19 October 2017 Original: English Item 4.13 of the provisional agenda INTERNATIONAL DECADE OF OCEAN SCIENCE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (2021-2030) OUTLINE Source:

More information

Sustainable Hunting Action Plan

Sustainable Hunting Action Plan Sustainable Hunting Action Plan 2016-2020 If you would like to receive this information/publication in an accessible format (such as large print or audio) please call the Customer Service Centre on 136

More information

[First Reprint] SENATE, No STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 216th LEGISLATURE INTRODUCED APRIL 28, 2014

[First Reprint] SENATE, No STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 216th LEGISLATURE INTRODUCED APRIL 28, 2014 [First Reprint] SENATE, No. 0 STATE OF NEW JERSEY th LEGISLATURE INTRODUCED APRIL, 0 Sponsored by: Senator RAYMOND J. LESNIAK District 0 (Union) Assemblyman RAJ MUKHERJI District (Hudson) Assemblywoman

More information

Wild caught sustainable seafood

Wild caught sustainable seafood Wild caught sustainable seafood Version March 2017 Responsible sourcing We are committed to the quality, integrity and long-term sustainability of the seafood we sell. Founded in 1880, initially trading

More information

THE INTERNATIONAL BAN ON IVORY SALES AND ITS EFFECTS ON ELEPHANT POACHING IN AFRICA

THE INTERNATIONAL BAN ON IVORY SALES AND ITS EFFECTS ON ELEPHANT POACHING IN AFRICA doi:10.1093/bjc/azp030 BRIT. J. CRIMINOL. (2009) 49, 451 471 THE INTERNATIONAL BAN ON IVORY SALES AND ITS EFFECTS ON ELEPHANT POACHING IN AFRICA Andrew M. Lemieux and Ronald V. Clarke * The Convention

More information

Original language: English SC65 Doc CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

Original language: English SC65 Doc CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Original language: English SC65 Doc. 43.2 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Sixty-fifth meeting of the Standing Committee Geneva (Switzerland), 7-11 July 2014

More information

ECONOMIC STUDIES DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND COMMERCIAL LAW GÖTEBORG UNIVERSITY 130

ECONOMIC STUDIES DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND COMMERCIAL LAW GÖTEBORG UNIVERSITY 130 ECONOMIC STUDIES DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND COMMERCIAL LAW GÖTEBORG UNIVERSITY 130 THE ECONOMICS OF COMMUNITY-BASED WILDLIFE CONSERVATION IN ZIMBABWE Edwin Muchapondwa ISBN 91-88514-89-7

More information

Wildlife and Commercially-Bred Formerly Wild Animals

Wildlife and Commercially-Bred Formerly Wild Animals Wildlife and Commercially-Bred Formerly Wild Animals RECOMMENDATION CIC_COUNCIL_2_2011.REC01 RECALLING the Limassol Declaration of the 53 rd CIC General Assembly (Limassol, 2006), Resolution CGR4.MOT032

More information

ADVERSE ANTHROPOGENIC MARINE/OCEAN NOISE IMPACTS ON CETACEANS AND OTHER BIOTA

ADVERSE ANTHROPOGENIC MARINE/OCEAN NOISE IMPACTS ON CETACEANS AND OTHER BIOTA CONVENTION ON MIGRATORY SPECIES NINTH MEETING OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES Rome, 1-5 December 2008 Agenda Item 12.0, 13.0, 17.0, 26.0 Distr: General CMS UNEP/CMS/Resolution 9.19 15 October 2008 Original:

More information

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA CoP15 Prop. 5 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties Doha (Qatar), 13-25 March 2010 CONSIDERATION OF PROPOSALS

More information

International Initiatives Illegal Fishing (IUU Fishing)

International Initiatives Illegal Fishing (IUU Fishing) International Initiatives Illegal Fishing (IUU Fishing) Per Erik Bergh pebergh@nfds.info www.stopillegalfishing.com Targeting policy process and partnerships Pan African Programme Both inland and marine

More information

PRINCE ALI Candidate for President of FIFA

PRINCE ALI Candidate for President of FIFA HRH PRINCE ALI: VISION AND FRAMEWORK FOR THE FUTURE OF FIFA AND FOOTBALL The selection of the next FIFA President is now in the hands of 209 National Football Associations. They are the driving force behind

More information

Re: Consultation on the addition of narwhal and two bowhead whale populations to the SARA List

Re: Consultation on the addition of narwhal and two bowhead whale populations to the SARA List March 31, 2006 Central & Arctic Region SARA Coordinator Freshwater Institute Fisheries & Oceans Canada 501 University Avenue Winnipeg MB R3T 2N6 Re: Consultation on the addition of narwhal and two bowhead

More information

FISHERIES CO-OPERATION ICELAND AND NORWAY WITH. Presented by Philip Rodgers ERINSHORE ECONOMICS

FISHERIES CO-OPERATION ICELAND AND NORWAY WITH. Presented by Philip Rodgers ERINSHORE ECONOMICS FISHERIES CO-OPERATION WITH ICELAND AND NORWAY Presented by Philip Rodgers 17/12/2013 Fisheries Cooperation with Norway and Iceland 1 Objective To consider the current situation in the fishery for highly

More information

2015 International Day of Sport for Development and Peace

2015 International Day of Sport for Development and Peace Thomas Bach President 2015 International Day of Sport for Development and Peace United Action Towards Sustainable Development for All Through Sport United Nations Headquarters, New York, 15 April 2015

More information

Peter Matthiessen The Snow Leopard

Peter Matthiessen The Snow Leopard KLEIN & HUBERT / WWF UK 2012 I have come so far and in the not-seeing I am content That the snow leopard is, that it is here, that its frosty eyes watch us from the mountain - that is enough. Peter Matthiessen

More information

List of valid Notifications (total: 115)

List of valid Notifications (total: 115) CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Secretariat International Environment House Chemin des Anémones CH-1219 CHATELAINE, Geneva Switzerland Tel: +41 (22) 917

More information

Conservation of Polar Bear: Implementation of the Agreement. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Conservation of Polar Bear: Implementation of the Agreement. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Meeting of the Parties to the Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bear Ilulissat, Greenland, 1 3 September, 2015 Conservation of Polar Bear: Implementation of the Agreement. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Russian

More information

Biodiversity & Conservation Biology

Biodiversity & Conservation Biology Biodiversity & Conservation Biology Note: You may not have all these slides in your handout some slides are in my presentation only. If you see any new slides, just read through them and make sure they

More information

Fishery Improvement Projects

Fishery Improvement Projects Fishery Improvement Projects What is a Fishery Improvement Project (FIP)? A FIP is an alliance of stakeholders retailers, processors, producers, and/or catchers that comes together to resolve problems

More information

H 7184 S T A T E O F R H O D E I S L A N D

H 7184 S T A T E O F R H O D E I S L A N D LC000 01 -- H 1 S T A T E O F R H O D E I S L A N D IN GENERAL ASSEMBLY JANUARY SESSION, A.D. 01 A N A C T RELATING TO CRIMINAL OFFENSES - SALE OF IVORY OR RHINOCEROS HORNS Introduced By: Representatives

More information

Seas the Day: The Interlinked Future of the Ocean and Humanity

Seas the Day: The Interlinked Future of the Ocean and Humanity Seas the Day: The Interlinked Future of the Ocean and Humanity Jane Lubchenco Oregon State University and U.S. Department of State G7 Dialogue with Civil Society 29 April 2015, Berlin Outline 1. 2. 3.

More information

The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals Melanie Virtue Head, Aquatic Species

The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals Melanie Virtue Head, Aquatic Species The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals Melanie Virtue Head, Aquatic Species Global Threats to Migratory Species Habitat Loss & Degradation Climate Change Wildlife Disease

More information

World supply and demand of tilapia

World supply and demand of tilapia World supply and demand of tilapia by Helga Josupeit FAO Rome, October 2010 World tilapia production World tilapia production has been booming during the last decade, with output doubling from 830000 tonnes

More information

African Swine Fever Virus in Poland between the years

African Swine Fever Virus in Poland between the years Foto. Shutterstock African Swine Fever Virus in Poland between the years 2014-2017 Roman Dziedzic Bartłomiej Popczyk Polish Hunting Association African Swine Fever Virus in Poland between the years 2014-2017

More information

How to stop the African elephant Population from extermination

How to stop the African elephant Population from extermination How to stop the African elephant Population from extermination Photo: Lina Jansson, Tarangire National Park, March 2006 Causes Achievements Consequences Södertörns University College C-uppsats 10p Spring

More information

Introducing Friend of the Sea. Certification of seafood products from sustainable fisheries and aquaculture

Introducing Friend of the Sea. Certification of seafood products from sustainable fisheries and aquaculture Introducing Friend of the Sea Certification of seafood products from sustainable fisheries and aquaculture The organisation Founded in 2008, Friend of the Sea is committed to improving the global sustainability

More information

Bass Nursery Areas 21 April 2015 UK Measures Forum Guidelines and Proposals

Bass Nursery Areas 21 April 2015 UK Measures Forum Guidelines and Proposals Bass Nursery Areas 21 April 2015 UK Measures Forum Guidelines and Proposals Introduction George Eustice MP recently announced a high level review of UK measures to protect the Sea Bass. This paper focuses

More information