invertebrate Animals - Standard 5

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1 Instructions for Vocabulary Cards: Please photocopy the following pages onto heavy card stock (back to back, so the word is printed on the back side of the matching definition). Then, laminate each page. Cut each page into four flash cards. vertebrate These 51 vocabulary cards are part of a Science unit. Please keep this set in: amphibians invertebrate

2 Cold-blooded Live partly in water and partly on land Lay eggs Have moist skin without scales Animals without a backbone. Examples: frogs, toad, newts, salamanders Adaptation Amphibians Backbone Bird Camouflage Carnivore Centipede Classification Community Crab Decomposer Ecosystem Extinct Fish Food Chain Food web Habitat Herbivore Inherited Insectivore Insect Instinct Inter-dependence Invertebrate Mammal Metamorphosis Millipede Mimicry Mite Niche Omnivore Organism Predator Prey Reptile Slug Snail Species Spider Trait Vertebrate Worm Animals with a backbone.

3 reptiles examples of vertebrates mammal examples of invertebrates

4 Produce milk for their young Have hairy bodies Give birth to live young (except duck-billed playtpus and spiny ant eater) Wam-blooded Live on dry land (except whales and dolphins) Walk on legs (except bat) Omnivores or herbivores Cockroach, flea, maize weevil, grasshopper, butterfly, bee, fly, earthworm, lobster, snail, millipede, Examples: goats, camels, cattle, dogs, humans Body covered with dry scales Lay eggs Cold-blooded Examples: lizards, snakes tortoises, crocodiles, chameleons Man, woman, camel, bat, fish, rat, chicken, cow, elephant, mouse,

5 insectivore backbone food web food chain

6 A group of overlapping food chains. The path of energy from the sun to a plant to an animal to another animal. An animal that eats only insects. The vertebrate spine that runs from head to tail. Human backbone shown here.

7 habitat inherited traits instinct inter - dependence

8 A behavioral trait passed from parent to offspring through genes. Instincts are not taught. Dependence between two or more things. Behaviors that are inherited. The area or environment where an organism or ecological community normally lives or occurs Characteristics passed down from parents to their children.

9 species herbivore omnivore carnivore

10 An animal that eats both plants and animals (meat). An animal that only eats meat. The classification of organisms that are capable of interbreeding and reproducing young. They have function, and maybe some aspects of anatomy in common. An animal that only eats plants.

11 insects spider worm

12 invertebrate invertebrate invertebrate invertebrate

13 mite snail millipede slug

14 invertebrate invertebrate invertebrate invertebrate

15 centipede crab organism classification

16 A living thing. A creature such as a plant, animal or a single-celled life form, that can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, and maintain internal stability. The process of grouping animals with common characteristics. Example: person, cow, bacteria invertebrate invertebrate

17 metamorphosis mimicry niche trait

18 The role that each species plays within its particular ecosystem. Characteristic of an organism. May be physical, such (hair color or leaf shape), or may be behavioral (nesting in birds and burrowing in rodents). The change in shape and form some organisms go through during their life cycles. The practice or art, or an instance or way, of mimicking. The close resemblance, in color, form, or behavior, of one organism to another or to some object in its environment, as of some insects to the leaves or twigs of plants: it serves to disguise or conceal an organism from a predator or prey

19 adaptation camouflage decomposer community

20 An organism in the food chain that breaks down the remains of dead organisms. All the living things in an ecosystem. A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce. It can be related to its body or its actions. A physical adaptation in which animals blend with or are hidden by the environment.

21 ecosystem extinct fishes birds

22 Have fins Have scales Lay eggs Breath via gills Cold-blooded Examples: catfish, tilapia, trout, nile perch, shark Body covered with feathers Have wings and fly (except ostrich) Have beaks Lay eggs Have claws Warm-blooded Examples: Cock, ostrich, dove, duck An area where living organisms interact with each other and non living things in the environment. A species that is no longer in existence.

23 predator prey

24 Animals that hunt other animals for food. Animals that are hunted by predators.

25 Think About This: Think About This: What is the difference between a food chain and a food web? Explain which one is a more realistic representation of energy flow. Which of the creatures (owl, human, chameleon) could hide best, not in its environment, but in your school? Give the reasons you think this. Think About This: Which do you think is most similar to the skin of a human? Explain your answer. A. Beak of a bird B. Scales of a fish C. Gills of a tadpole D. Teeth of a crocodile Think About This: Which is a learned behaviour? A. Having large hands B. Being colorblind C. Having brown hair D. Riding a bicycle Give another example of a learned behaviour.

26 Think About This: Think About This: How is a human body different than a fishʼ body? How is a spiderʼs body different than a birdʼs? The fish, dog, and bird are alike in many ways. One way is that they all have... Another way is. Think About This: Decomposers are helpful to the food chain because they--

27 Think About This: Think About This: Snakes feed on mice. The mice eat grain crops. What do these animals have in common? What are they different? When the crops are plentiful, what will happen? Think About This: Think About This: A girl found the skull of an animal. She did not know what the animal was, but she was sure that it preyed on other animals for its food. What clue might have led her to that conclusion? In a food chain, which are the most efficient users of solar energy? Explain.

28 Think About This: Think About This: Is there an animal with more than one habitat? Is there an animal that can exist in all habitats? Think About This: Many animals have unusual adaptations that help them eat. Giraffes have long, flexible tongues that help them eat leaves from thorny trees. Giant anteaters have tongues that are two feet long to help them eat! Research different animals to learn about the adaptations that help them eat. Choose two animals that have unusual adaptations. Write a report that compares the adaptations of these animals with those of the giraffe and the giant anteater. Here are some questions to guide your research: What adaptations help these animals eat? What kinds of food do these animals eat? How do these animals' adaptations compare with those of the giraffe and the giant anteater? Think About This: A kangaroo rat and a rattlesnake both live in the desert. The kangaroo rat was busy eating some seeds when a hungry rattlesnake slithered up close. What usually happens when a predator sneaks up on its prey? Write a fictional narrative about two animals. One animal will be a predator and the other its prey. You will start by researching predator/prey relationships. Here are some questions to guide your research: What are some animals that share a predator/prey relationship? Where do these animals live? Does the predator eat foods other than its prey? What problems might these animals face with each other?

29 The Rhinoceros is an endangered animal. Other living things are endangered, too. An endangered species is a living thing that might not be around much longer. Cheetahs, whooping cranes, and Pacific killer whales are examples of endangered species. Write a persuasive essay about the importance of saving an endangered animal. To do so, you will research animals that are endangered. Here are some questions to guide your research: What are some endangered or threatened animals around the world? Why is the animal I chose endangered? What is being done to save the animal? What will happen if the animal is not saved? How can I convince people that the animal should be saved?

30 Vertebrates Invertebrates

31 Vertebrates Warm-blooded Coldblooded Cold-blooded Bird Mammal Reptile Amphibian Fish

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