1 The Growth and Socioeconomic Value of the Whale Watch Industry Worldwide Mick McIntyre, Asia Pacific Director Mick McIntyre 2001
2 It was many years before I realized why I never saw any whales in Tasmania. Hunting had reduced their numbers so badly there weren't any around. The Derwent River used to be full of whales. Whaling records report that you could walk across the Derwent on the back of the Southern Right whales. Not any more Fortunately for the whales around Tasmania and the rest of the world there was a monumental shift in how whales were perceived. This new perception or the Save the Whale Movement was started partly because people began to see the whales in their natural environment.
3 And once people saw whales for what they are giant majestic creatures capable of gentle nurturing of their young - rather than a slab of blubber on a slipway People were willing to fight for their rights to survive. Whale Watching was born. It has grown from humble beginnings in the 1950s to become an almost universal human passion. Whales are a valuable tourism resource...
4 The move followed a ban on local whaling, imposed by the King of Tonga in 1978 after whaling, had brought humpback whales to the brink of extinction.
5 More than 9 million people go whale watching each year in 87 countries generating at least $1 billion USD per year We have always believed whales and dolphins are worth a great deal more alive than dead. Thanks to the extraordinary and tireless work of author Erich Hoyt, this new IFAW report proves it.
6 The Hoyt Report Whale Watching 2001 Worldwide Tourism numbers Expenditures, and Expanding Socioeconomic Benefits
7 World Whale Watch Visitor Expenditures: Year Number of whale watchers Direct expenditures USD Total expenditures ,046,957 $77,034,000 $317,854, ,425,506 $122,445,000 $504,278, ,020,196 $299,509,000 $1,049,057,000 Average annual % increase : 10.3% Average annual % increase : 13.6% Average annual % increase : 12.1%
8 The Growth of Whale Watch Industry Worldwide Number of Whale Watchers Worldwide (in Millions)
9 The fastest growing whale watch country in the world Between 1994 and 1998 is Taiwan, which went from zero to about 30,000 whale watchers during the period.
10 The four next highest rates of increase between 1994 and 1998 are as follows: average annual increase Iceland (250.9%) Italy (139.9%) Spain (123.6%) South Africa (112.5%)
11 Australia Whale Watch Visitor Expenditures: Year Number of whale watchers Direct expenditures USD Total expenditures ,000 $3,056,000 $32,369, ,000 $4,662,000 $45,000, ,962 $11,869,000 $56,196,000
12 Kaikoura, a fishing town in NZ South Island was once a prospering area with profitable industries in both farming and fishing and railways. Slowly, one by one these industries dropped away. Farming profits dropped, fisheries collapsed, railways closed down, Each time less people were employed. There were less opportunities for young people. There was less hope. There was less reason to stay and finally Kaikoura pretty much became a ghost town. In 1987 in Kaikoura a young couple introduced a risky opportunistic business using their fishing boat to offer the few stopping tourists the chance to see whales that were starting to be seen not far out on the Kaikoura coast.
13 There was suddenly work for the locals. Kids got their qualifications and came back to town. Roads were rebuilt. The building industry resurfaced. Libraries became once again part of the town structure. There is pride in the community. The very core of the community grows stronger and today over 300,000 people visit Kaikoura annually and through whale watching alone $5 million comes into the local community.
14 The most common focal species for whale watching industries are humpback whales, gray whales, northern and southern right whales, blue whales, minke whales, sperm whales, short-finned pilot whales, orcas, and bottlenose dolphins. Two of these (blue and northern right whales) are classified as endangered species, while two others (humpback and southern right whales) are considered vulnerable (IUCN Red Data Book). There is no doubt that all four species would be watched more if they could be reliably found in more locations; wherever they are found, they are very popular. This new industry has begun to make a dramatic difference in coastal communities worldwide.
15 New Zealand Whale Watch Visitor Expenditures: Year Number of whale watchers Direct expenditures USD Total expenditures USD ,000 $1,095,000 $8,400, ,000 $3,900,000 $12,500, ,000 $7,503,000 $48,736,000
16 Whale Watch Kaikoura is owned by the traditional owners of New Zealand s south island the Maori tribe Ngai Tahu. An extended family business that are now the biggest employer in the town. This has not only been a financial success for the Ngai Tahu but has created an opportunity for the Maori to stand tall in the community. Their interest in their business is to protect the whales. Their intent is that whale watching supports their family for generations to come. This is only possible with the health and well being of the whales. Whale Watch Kaikoura work alongside New Zealand Government to create legislation for the industry to protect the whales.
17 This legislation effects all whale/ dolphin watching across New Zealand and has changed the attitudes of tourists and locals alike who now see the whales as precious jewels that must be protected. Another success story with whale watching has been in the northern Tongan islands of Vava u. Pacific Island people's culture and lifestyle has always been intimately linked with the marine environment and it's resources, on which, they still heavily depend for food and income. Increasingly, Pacific Island countries are looking at new, more sustainable ways to generate a livelihood from their natural resources, including a strong focus in all twenty two countries and territories on the development of nature tourism. In all Pacific Island states marine-based tourism is seen as a natural area to develop, and in at least eight states this has included, in recent years, developing whale watching tourism.
18 As a poor third world economy there is very little employment in Tonga. Very little opportunity. Tonga s economy is relatively small and to a large extent is dependent on foreign aid. Tourism is, however, an important component of the local economy.
19 Humpback whales migrate to Tonga from the Southern Ocean each year, to breed and mate, and Vava'u in Tonga began capitalising on this migration in the early 1990s, developing a now-thriving whale-watching industry.
20 From there whale watching caught the imagination of the tourists and the image of the sperm whales giant flukes became the life blood of their town. Businesses grew up around this industry. Of course tourist needs were met with all types of accommodation, food outlets, transport, then came seal watching, helicopter flights, canoeing etc. But not only did whale watching effect this aspect of the growing town.
21 Tonga Whale Watch Visitor Expenditures: Year Number of whale watchers Direct expenditures Total expenditures USD USD 1991 None None None $10,000 $35, ,334 $55,000 $422,000
22 Each Humpback whale in Tonga s waters brings in T$30,000 (USD $18,744) in Whale-watching earnings each year, or T$1.6 million (US$999,692) during its 50-year lifetime. Dr Mark Orams
23 Images of whale watch workshops in Tonga
24 IFAW is working in Partnership with The South Pacific Regional Environment Programme or SPREP to support the sustainable development of whale watching in the Kingdom of Tonga. This work has included: Training of whale watch operators and guides, facilitation of guidelines for whale watching operations, policy and technical advice on whale watching and whaling issues, research, public education and associated media coverage. To date, the cost of this work has been largely funded by SPREP with additional resources secured from New Zealand, Australia and the GEF supported South Pacific Biodiversity Conservation Programme (SPBCP).
25 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) The IFAW / SPREP / WHALES ALIVE project is being documented as a case study in nature tourism at the invitation of the United Nations Environment Programme
26 In the last 10 years as whale numbers begin to increase a small whale watch industry. Whale watching has started to attract visitors from across the world, who like bird watchers are traveling to see their favorite wild life in new and exotic places. The clear blue Tongan waters offers the chance to catch a rare glimpse of the southern humpbacks.
27 A survey, carried out by Dr Mark Orams from the Centre for Tourism Studies at Massey University in New Zealand, estimates that each humpback whale in Tonga's waters brings in T$30,000 (US$18,744) in whale-watching earnings each year, or T$1.6 million (US$999,692) during its 50-year lifetime.
28 Whale Watch workshop publications 1. Scientific Aspects of Whale Watching 2. Educational Values of Whale Watching 3. Socio Economic Values of Whale Watching 4. Legal Aspects of Whale Watching 5. Special Aspects of Watching Sperm Whales How to get copies? Contact IFAW Asia Pacific
29 Asia Pacific Office 8-10 Belmore Street Surry Hills Sydney 2010 Ph: Fax:
The Economic Value of Wildlife Watching Tourism 56 th Regional Commission for Africa Luanda, Angola 28 April 2014 Background of the study Wildlife is one of the most precious resources for tourism in Africa
Naalakkersuisoq Karl-Kristian Kruses tale Nordatlantisk Fiskeriministerkonference i Shediac 29. august 2017 Dear friends and colleagues I would like to thank our hosts for this chance to visit beautiful
Section 3: The Future of Biodiversity Preview Bellringer Objectives Saving Species One at a Time Captive-Breeding Programs Preserving Genetic Material Zoos, Aquariums, Parks, and Gardens Preserving Habitats
Original language: English CoP17 Doc. 39.2 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA Seventeenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties Johannesburg (South Africa),
2015/HLPD-FSBE/003 Session: 1 New Zealand s Fisheries Quota Management System Purpose: Information Submitted by: ABAC New Zealand High Level Policy Dialogue on Food Security and Blue Economy Iloilo, Philippines
Wild caught sustainable seafood Version March 2017 Responsible sourcing We are committed to the quality, integrity and long-term sustainability of the seafood we sell. Founded in 1880, initially trading
Scuba diving and sustainable tourism development in a less developed country Melville Saayman & Andrea Saayman Scuba diving and sustainable tourism development in a less developed country Melville Saayman
Position of WWF Mongolia Program Office on current situation of Argali hunting and conservation in Mongolia Since wildlife is a part of state property in Mongolia, only the relevant authorized governmental
Angling Trust Save Our Sea Bass Bass Position Statement 2018 Background Up until the 1980s, sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) which are present in the central and southern North Sea, Irish Sea, English Channel,
In-water humpback whale interaction in Ningaloo Marine Park Ningaloo Marine Park Trial 2016 Swimming with humpback whales the trial Whale watching has become an increasingly popular pastime in recent years
Overfishing Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Brett Ducker FOR3202 April 9, 2016 A recently released report by the World Wildlife Fund found that more than 85% of the worlds fisheries are being illegally overfished
Secretariat of the Pacific Community 6 th SPC Heads of Fisheries Meeting (9 13 February 2009, Noumea, New Caledonia) Background Paper 4 Original: English Use of hatcheries to increase production of sea
inspired by lifestyle driven by opportunity surf AND SKATE business guide surf expo 2018 invest.moregoldcoast.com.au This publication has been prepared as an information source only. Council of the City
Global Marine Mammal Bycatch in Hook and Line Fisheries Kate McClellan, New England Aquarium Tim Werner, New England Aquarium Nina Young, NOAA Office of International Affairs BYCATCH Non-intentional, inadvertent,
Exposing California s Dirty Secret The Truth about Drift Gillnets off our Coast Photo Credit: NOAA APRIL 204 OCEANA APRIL 204 2 IN BRIEF Mile-long drift gillnets create deadly traps for ocean wildlife.
Social Responsibility Report Highlights Founded in 1916, the PGA of America is one of the world s largest sports organizations, composed of nearly 29,000 PGA Professionals who work daily to grow interest
Trophy hunting s contribution towards South Africa s GDP Presented by Dries van Coller, President Professional Hunters Association of South Africa AgriSA/WRSA Action Shop - 27 October 2017 Socio-demographic
Cetaceans 4 th Grade Curriculum Lesson 11: Introduction to Right Whales Page 11-1 Lesson 11: Introduction to Right Whales Objectives: Students will learn about North Atlantic right whale life histories.
HOST The C Preparation of a city for the 2014 FIFA World Cup Host City: Natal Contents Introduction Set your goals The Big Legacy opportunity Volunteers Think beyond 2014 Introduction It is very important
St. Lawrence River Discussion Paper FISH COMMUNITIES AND FISHERIES OF THE THOUSAND ISLANDS AND MIDDLE CORRIDOR Issues Below is a synopsis of fish community issues and proposed management approaches. More
Julie Horowitz, Shellfish Policy Advisor Governor s Legislative Affairs and Policy Office Overview Shellfish in Washington State Overview of the WA Shellfish Initiative and Initiative accomplishments Phase
iii Preparation of this document This document reviews and analyses published literature, grey literature, and personal communications on the social, economic and environmental impacts of tilapias in the
Text Structure Practice Identify the text structure of the following passages. Underline signal words and clues that helped you determine each structure. 1. Wild chimpanzees are rapidly disappearing. Some
The Norwegian fishery on Atlantic bluefin tuna 1920-1985 An abstract based on the book Størjefiske på Vestlandet (The bluefin tuna fishery in western Norway) Magnus Tangen Three ways of catching bluefin
51 TOGO 1. INTRODUCTION This document is aimed at providing reference information on the present status of fishery information and data collection in Togo for the discussion during the FAO FishCode- STF/CECAF/FCWC
Attachment 2 Overview of Marine National Monuments in the US Pacific Islands 1 (i) The requirements and original objectives of the Act, including the Act s requirement that reservations of land not exceed
Fishing for a Future UK Fishing Forum 2018 Fishmongers Hall, London, 9th January 2018 Seafarers UK commissioned Cornwall Rural Community Charity (CRCC) to establish an overview of what is needed to address
LONDON FOUR YEARS ON A GLOBAL HOST FOR SPORT a diverse cultural offering a home from home crowd for all participating nations an active sponsorship marketplace a city full of passionate sports fans event
Strategic Plan 2017-2020 Strategic Plan Our Roadmap to 2020: Growing and Supporting the Game of Golf in the Aorangi Region While golf has faced a number of challenges in recent years, the future is looking
Woodrow Wilson Middle School 2003- - 2004, Glendale USD/Ms. Arline Milton Class: Life Science Project Title: Why are Green Sea Turtles Endangered? Abstract: My project was about why green sea turtles are
Volume 11, Issue 7 KidsPost New Species News Article: This sea grass is REALLY old Discussion Questions: Really Old Sea Grass Map: Europe News Article and Discussion Questions: New animal species are found
THE ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION FROM HORSES ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION FROM HORSES HIGHLIGHTS The horse industry contributes more than $19 billion annually to the Canadian economy On-farm activities with horses generate
Sustainable Hunting Action Plan 2016-2020 If you would like to receive this information/publication in an accessible format (such as large print or audio) please call the Customer Service Centre on 136
Tigers to be freed 20th April 2015 AFTER 15 years of complaints by animal rights campaigners, all the tigers held at Thailand s Tiger Temple are set to be freed by the end of April. The temple is famous
Okanagan Sockeye Reintroduction Backgrounder Elders accounts, and other forms of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) tell us that many species of salmon once came into the Okanagan Valley and tell us
The Sustainable Development and Management of St Helena s Fisheries and Marine Tourism Dr Siân Rees The Marine Institute, Plymouth University St Helena Tourism St Helena Island Located: 15 56 south and
THE NORWEGIAN MANAGEMENT OF THE RED KING CRAB Guri Hjallen Eriksen The Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs, firstname.lastname@example.org ABSTRACT The Norwegian government has recently put forward
Singapore China Vietnam INTRODUCTION TO THE WORLD OF SPORT Name: Annabel Pennefather Designation: Senior Consultant Head, Sports Law Practice KhattarWong LLP INTRODUCTION TO THE WORLD OF SPORT, 25 NOVEMBER
1 COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report for Grizzly Bear Western population (Ursus arctos) in Canada SUMMARY The COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report for grizzly bears assess the status of Western and Ungava
World supply and demand of tilapia by Helga Josupeit FAO Rome, October 2010 World tilapia production World tilapia production has been booming during the last decade, with output doubling from 830000 tonnes
South Pacific Fisheries Politics by Dr. George Kent Department of Political Science University of Hawaii at Manoa All South Pacific territories except Tonga have been colonies of major powers, and they
Review of Egypt s National Laws, Regulations, and Adequacy of Enforcement Aim of the Legal Review Comprehensive summary of the currently existent laws and regulations that address bird hunting and trapping
Artisanal fisheries and MPAs in Italy: the case study of Torre Guaceto (SE Apulia) in the Mediterranean context Guidetti P. - University of Salento & CoNISMa (email@example.com) Outline of the
6.3.2012 Official Journal of the European Union C 68/47 Opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing
MOANA NEW ZEALAND & SANFORD MĀUI DOLPHIN PROTECTION PLAN The Māui dolphin or popoto (Cephalorhynchus hectori maui) is the world's rarest and smallest marine dolphin. They are only found off the west coast
DAY 16 Two Koreas to share flag for Winter Olympics South and North Korea have agreed to use the same flag at next month's Winter Olympics. The Olympics will take place between the 9th and 25th of February
Brief Introduction to Zhuhai s Social and Economic Development (Picture: Fishery Girl- The City Symbol of Zhuhai) Zhuhai City was established as a municipality in 1979 and became a Special Economic Zone
Our Position - Summary Devon Wildlife Trust is calling for the immediate ban on live capture of all wrasse species in the South West from within Marine Protected Areas. Wrasse are being captured live from
ESSAY 1 How effective is the conservation of plants and animals in your region? Plants and animals are an amazing creation. If you think about how different each plant is from another plant and how distinctive
Integration of Sustainable Development on Long Island s Coastal Industries 1 Sheng Li, (firstname.lastname@example.org) Richard Vogel (email@example.com) Nanda Viswanathan (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Sugar Loaf Mountain Bike Park A four season cycling destination overlooking Lake Michigan A four season mountain bike park Professionally built trails catering to all levels of riders, year round A skills
The Role of the NPAFC in Conservation and Protection of Pacific Salmon Vladimir Fedorenko Executive Director and Shigehiko Urawa Deputy Director North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission Vancouver, Canada
The following has been complied by Mr J Crossland a marine scientist from Christchurch and although the data presented is centered on the Canterbury area the conclusions pertain to all the so called Dolphin
Sri Lanka Elephant &Leopard Conservation Help in the protection of some of Sri Lanka's most striking wildlife. Enjoy this dazzling location, collecting data and helping to conserve these rare and beautiful
11 Biodiversity and Conservation Biology Chapter Objectives This chapter will help you: Characterize the scope of biodiversity on Earth Contrast the background extinction rate with periods of mass extinction
Panda porn, crane cross-dressing and dirty devils.. time for conservation triage? Bridget Stutchbury Giant Pandas Loss of montane bamboo forests in China National treasure for China Protect and restore
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE Northwest Fisheries Science Center Fish Ecology Division 2725 Montlake Boulevard East
GUIDE to FISH & FISHING on the NORTH YORK MOORS COAST HISTORY Fishing has always played an important part in North Yorkshire s maritime heritage. The industry still plays a significant role in everyday
Exemplar for Internal Achievement Standard Geography Level 2 This exemplar supports assessment against: Achievement Standard 91245 Explain aspects of a contemporary New Zealand geographic issue An annotated
2012 International report on mountain tourism Will it go global thanks to the web? 7 th World Congress on Snow and Mountain Tourism - Andorra 11.04.2012 LV/01/04/2015 Agenda State of the industry Recent
MISTRAL: the best partner for your Erasmus + in Lecco Information guide 2016/2017 LECCO: BETWEEN BREATH-TAKING LANDSCAPES AND CULTURE From the mountain to the lake, from the monuments to Manzoni s itineraries,
Modeling Population Decline Objectives: Students will be able to: Develop, use, and refine models to illustrate how anthropogenic changes in the environment (e.g., habitat destruction, pollution, introduction
RAFTS STOCKING POLICY Why do we need a policy? Salmon biology & ecology relevant to stocking Stocking process & outcomes Types of stocking The RAFTS policy Alan Kettle-White RAFTS Conference 20 th March
Appendix Template for Submission of Scientific Information To Describe Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas Abstract (in less than 150 words) Coastal and marine areas: Africa Somalia has
- To establish volleyball as a sport for all people - 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS BACKGROUND 3 INTRODUCTION 4 VISION 5 MISION 5 VALUES 5 GOALS 5 STAKEHOLDERS 6 STRATEGIC PRIORITIES 6 1. Management and Administration
2012 WORLD Geographic Trend Report for GMAT Examinees WORLD Geographic Trend Report for GMAT Examinees The World Geographic Trend Report for GMAT Examinees identifies mobility trends among candidates applying
Teacher Seminar 2016 Travel Theme Themes Litter and Waste Energy Water Travel Biodiversity Global Citizenship Overview of the Seminar Introductions Overview of the Travel theme The benefits of the travel
Managing sea kayaking in Cinque Terre National Park: a pilot project HOW DO YOU MANAGE SEA KAYAKING IN YOUR MPA? JOIN THE WORKING GROUP Michele Barbieri Slide # 1 The MedPAN North project is cofunded by
SCTB15 Working Paper NFR-20 Samoa National Tuna Fishery Report Dan Su a, Peter Watt, and Roseti Imo Fisheries Division Ministry of Agriculture, Forests, Fisheries and Meteorology Apia, Samoa Samoa National
1 The International Whaling Commission and the Commercial Whaling Moratorium Background and Issues Briefing I. Background: A. Current State of Play The International Whaling Commission (IWC) is the implementing
HOW FISHERIES AND MARINE PROTECTION CAN COEXIST IN THE SOUTHERN OCEAN October 2016 This report discusses the two current marine protected area (MPA) proposals, for East Antarctica and for the Ross Sea,
Tracking Texas Sharks Two hammerheads and a tiger shark are swimming in the Gulf near Texas - and you can track them online! Meet the Sheepshead Learn all about this striped fish with a funny set of chompers.
Working together for animal health The development of Emergency Aquatic Animal Disease Response Arrangements 1. What are emergency response arrangements? Australia has a number of emergency response arrangements