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1 KADOCHNIKOV SYSTEMA Intelligence is worthless without practical wisdom

2 02 You don t have to apply brute physical force for the effective self-defense Just imagine how you can change your life and self-feeling in any life situation, however difficult it may be, you ll be able to keep cool, to assess the circumstances properly, to identify the problem and to define the task for its solution, taking into account the optimal time, force and means which are at your disposal at the time. That is the way of interaction which Alexey Kadochnikov imparts to his students. And he does his best. Anybody, who has mastered his science of the self-defense technique, acquired unique skills of a warrior, which shouldn t be revealed. It s an unseen weapon, which shouldn't be detected until it s applied, and it can t be taken away until the person is alive. Many of his students are not warriors by profession, they are creators. They have acquired knowledge and skills which help them to keep confident and calm in those life circumstances into which they get: to be leaders in their environment, not to be afraid of the responsibility for their actions, not to allow themselves to be led by the opinion of other people, to be ready to protect themselves and their relatives from any display of rudeness and violence. The uniqueness of the Kadochnikov Systema comes from its simplicity and effectiveness. It allows a physically weak, ill or wounded person to protect him/herself in a dangerous situation. It s based on the use of methods of a sensible and skillful impact on an opponent, not on brute physical force. «Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler», said Einstein. Exactly on this subtle boundary between the simplicity and geniality, Alexey Alexeevich Kadochnikov succeeded

3 03 in creating a unique Systema of safety technique and effective self-defense, which is completely unrivalled and is available for mastering by any person. You don t need any physical fitness or special knowledge for that. Quite the contrary. When you get to know the Kadochnikov Systema closer, you ll want to find out more about the potential of your body and your psychic setup. Having quickly acquired everything which they wanted self-confidence and self-defense skills many continue to attend the Kadochnikov Systema trainings for self-development purposes and for better understanding of who they are and what their place in the world is. Effective self-defense is just the first step which can help to overcome difficulties and to get the unseen weapon to cope with any life circumstances, including extreme or provocative conflict situations, which are frequent in our life nowadays. In the report The six main rules of self-defense we are told about special exercises and about how one can use them in order not to allow fear to accumulate in the muscles of the body. When you learn to relax the required muscles of your body, your brain will be able to send special signals to them, and the body will be able to process them. Now, when your body is ready to work even in a stressful situation, you need some new knowledge about those abilities your body has disposed of. When your body doesn t accumulate fear and strain in your muscles anymore, you can master to control it as a single and well-coordinated mechanism. The energy is turned in the direction which your attention is drawn to. A trained body is able to perform a delicate work, which is controlled by the brain. Now you don t have to use rough, sharp mechanical movements which your body performed as a robot. Instead of it, you ll learn how to move softly, using the whole body and distributing the efforts consecutively. You ll be able to work under such conditions any time you want, and you won t feel tired. You won t even sweat. Hard to believe? Yes, that sounds fantastic. But just at first sight. There is a scientific explanation to it. The matter is that tiredness is accumulated in the brain cortex. And just after that the tiredness passes to the muscles. That s why, when the brain is not ready for the situation, when it doesn t know how to solve the problem, a person gets confused and loses energy very quickly. The same is true when somebody relies only on physical abilities, mastered holds and behavioral patterns. The body takes away all the energy then, depriving the brain of the necessary nourishment for the estimation of the environment and for the making a required decision in accordance with the situation. A sharp surge of the

4 Figure 1. The difference between two modes of work. physical energy is followed by a slump, and a person becomes completely unprotected. At this moment neither trained muscles, nor a store of mastered holds will do any good. The behavioral model when a person relies only on his/her physical abilities is shown in black in fig. 1. It s characterized by a maximal display of physical forces, when there is no more energy either for the maintenance of the scope of attention to estimate the environment, or for the control over the situation to correct the movement or your body and the body of your opponent (opponents) too. Of course, it s time-limited. Human physical abilities are not unlimited. This behavioral model is compared by Alexey Alexeevich Kadochnikov with driving a car which rushes along a highway at a high speed. It s almost impossible to take a bend at such a high speed. Nevertheless, 99% of all existing Systemas are to a greater or lesser extent based on such a behavioral model. We see such a situation in spite of the fact that modern scientific research show that for the efficient control over the circumstances a person must spend only about 20-25% of energy on physical effort. What does it depend on? First of all, it depends on the quantity of energy our brain requires for its activity. The point is that the brain is the most energy wasting part of our body. Even when our body is in a relaxed motionless state, the brain consumes 20% of energy. The internals, for example, require two times less energy. You already know that in a dangerous situation our field of view should cover the range of 270 degrees for a proper observation and estimation of the environment. We also should use other analyzers, such as hearing, senses of smell

5 05 Photo: Maxim Pipotja A trained body is able to perform the delicate work which is controlled by the brain. and touch. For any of these actions we need energy. By teaching our body to spend no more than 25% of our forces on the proper motor activity, we save the necessary amount of energy for our brain, so that it could estimate the situation correctly, to detect the problem and to set the task for its solution with regard for the different options (taking into account the time, force and means we have at our disposal at the time). Only in such a mode can we work efficiently in a potentially stressful situation, without being obsessed by fear or panic, and solve tasks of any difficulty. When you understand this principle, you ll be able to work effectively against an opponent who is physically stronger and quicker than you, against several opponents or even a group of attackers. Schematically, this model is shown in blue in fig.1. Using this model you ll waste no more than 25% of your force. You will also be able to observe and estimate the environment and to work effectively as long as you need. In such a state you take the blows softly because you use not only linear speed of the movement but also an angular one, so you always gain time. Softness, smoothness and inoffensiveness of your movements, as it may seem to an outside observer, are deceptive. Spiral movements, made by the rotation of your arms about the axis, form new trajectories which are unseen for an inexperienced eye. Though it can be easily described with an elementary formula of the perimeter of the circle. See Fig. 2. Now it s obvious for you that the angular speed is always higher than the linear one.

6 06 A slight rotary motion with a hand or a forearm performed in a split second can change the direction of any blow, making it safe for you and dangerous for your opponent. That allows you to apply force, moment or impulse for neutralizing the opponent (or opponents) at a required time and to a required spot. Any physical body has a number of characteristics: weight, length, width, center of gravity, geometrical shape, state of aggregation. Being in movement, the body acquires such characteristics as vector (the direction of the movement), speed, acceleration and impulse. When one body interacts with the other, we see a contact zone which is measured by the surface of contact. The less the surface of the contact zone is, the stronger deformation of the object we receive when the object influences this zone (when other conditions are equal). When one body influences another, the supporting points, mass rotation centers are formed. To reduce the targeted impact, a point of force resolution is created and a lever or a moment of force is used. When blows are performed, we use the impulse (the principle of the supersonic speed), that allow us to attain the crushing effect with minimal waste of our own energy. Thus, the mere use of several basic principles can allow you to master unique skills of effective control over your body in a dangerous situation. And above all, it will help to avoid a terrible blunder when you rely on your physical superiority in a situation where the decisive role is assigned to proper training, not to brute physical force. In our next report we ll deal with the basic fighting algorithms which you will need for the total suppression of any rival. Figure 2. The angular speed allows you to travel a much longer distance than the linear speed does in the same period of time.