PRIMARY AND GENERAL ELECTION CAMPAIGNS IN THE UNITED STATES. November 5, 2012 Hans Noel Georgetown University

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "PRIMARY AND GENERAL ELECTION CAMPAIGNS IN THE UNITED STATES. November 5, 2012 Hans Noel Georgetown University"

Transcription

1 PRIMARY AND GENERAL ELECTION CAMPAIGNS IN THE UNITED STATES November 5, 2012 Hans Noel Georgetown University

2 PRIMARY AND GENERAL ELECTION CAMPAIGNS IN THE UNITED STATES NOMINATIONS Origins of U.S. Primaries The Invisible Primary GENERAL ELECTION The Fundamentals Shape the Election The Electoral College

3 THE UNITED STATES UNDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION (1787) STATES FORM THE UNION

4 IT S ALL ABOUT THE STATES State parties choose delegates to conventions, which choose candidates, who compete in the Electoral College for the presidency DEMOCRATS REPUBLICANS

5 NOMINATIONS Origins of U.S. Primaries The Invisible Primary GENERAL ELECTION The Fundamentals Shape the Election The Electoral College

6 COORDINATING VOTERS Election of 1824: Popular Vote Electoral College Democrat-Republican (J.Q. Adams) 31% 84 Democrat-Republican (Jackson) 41% 99 Democrat-Republican (Crawford) 11.2% 41 Democrat-Republican (Clay) 13% 37 Election of 1828: Democrat Jackson vs. National Republican Adams

7 SOLUTION I: CONVENTIONS How it might work: Party delegates arrive. They deliberate. Name the candidate. How it came to work: Pre-convention coordination Campaigning among future delegates Then delegates arrive...

8 PARTY CONVENTIONS Roughly 1928, Parties began increasingly to settle on their nominee before the convention. Number of ballots to select a winner (log scale) Ballots for Nomination, (For open nominations only) Year

9 PRIMARIES AS TESTS Primaries begin in early 1900s, progressive reform. For president, primarily used to demonstrate appeal, not to actually win delegates. e.g. John F. Kennedy in West Virginia

10 MCGOVERN-FRASER COMMISSION 1968: Democrats Hubert H. Humphrey Supporters of McCarthy (and RFK) unhappy with 1968 outcome. Commission to evaluate delegate selection Delegates must be chosen in a manner open to rankand-file party members. Not primaries, necessarily. Expected more caucuses. Democratic state legislatures impose on both parties.

11 1972 and 1976 MCGOVERN AND CARTER 1972, McGovern wins the system he designed. 1976, Carter comes to Iowa early. Momentum. The only candidate to campaign in every primary. Carter is not viewed as a successful president. Why not? Not able to work with own party.

12 Date State Carter Udall Jackson Wallace Brown Church Bayh Bentsen Shriver Harris January 19 Iowa February 24 N.H March 2 Mass March 9 Fla March 16 Ill March 23 N.C April 6 Wis April 27 Pa May 1 Texas May 4 D.C Ala Ga Ind May 11 Neb May 18 Md Mich May 25 Ark Idaho Ky Nev Ore Tenn June 1 Mont R.I S.D June 8 Calif Ohio

13 SOLUTION II: PRIMARIES How it might work: Party delegates chosen by party voters. Delegates deliberate, name candidate. How it worked: Delegates pledged to candidates, but not chosen by party leaders. No deliberation The party s solution: Get involved sooner The Invisible Primary

14 FIGURE 6-1: Distribution of Endorsements by Contest Muskie McGovern Humphrey Mills 1972 DEMOCRATS Jackson Lindsay 20. of governors endorsing Distribution of politically weighted endorsements before the Iowa caucus for presidential nominations, 1972 to Eventually nominee in black DEMOCRATS REPUBLICANS % of governors endorsing % of governors endorsing Carter Kennedy Brown Reagan Bush Connally Baker Anderson Bayh Crane McCarthy Dole Harris Dukakis Gephardt Gore Jackson 1988 DEMOCRATS Simon Hart 19.2% of go endorsing Babbitt Bush Dole Kemp Robertson 1988 REPUBLICANS DuPont Haig 58.3% of go endorsing DEMOCRATS 11.4% of governors endorsing REPUBLICANS 100. of governors endorsing DEMOCRATS 44.8% of governors endorsing REPUBLICANS 90. of governors endorsing Jackson Udall Bentsen Carter Bayh Humphrey Harris Church Sanford Ford Reagan Clinton Harkin Kerrey Tsongas Brown Dole Gramm Alexander Buchanan Forbes Lugar Keyes Dornan DEMOCRATS REPUBLICANS % of governors endorsing % of governors endorsing Gore Bradley Bush Forbes Hatch DEMOCRATS DEMOCRATS % of governors endorsing % of governors endorsing Mondale Glenn Cranston Jackson Hart Askew Hollings McGovern Gephardt Dean Kerry Edwards Kucinich Clark Lieberman Sharpton Braun

15 FIGURE 9 5: Vote shares vs. Endorsements PARTY VOTERS ARE LOYAL Voters who self-identify as partisan vote much the same way as political endorsers. Independent voters are less persuaded. Partisan Voters y Independent Voters y % 5 25% % 5 25% % % x % % Endorsements x Endorsements is the percent of all politically weighted endorsements for each candidate in the year prior to the primaries, up to the day before the Iowa caucuses. Primary election vote shares are from Mayer Solid circles are Democrats. Open circles are Republicans.

16 2012 INVISIBLE PRIMARY Romney emerges as most broadly acceptable. But not broadly enough. Series of anti-romney candidates also not broadly acceptable enough. Not electable enough. Failure to coordinate early on Romney could have led to unexpected outcomes.

17 NOMINATIONS Origins of U.S. Primaries The Invisible Primary GENERAL ELECTION The Fundamentals Shape the Election The Electoral College

18 THE ECONOMY Incumbent's Share of Two-Party Vote % Change in RDI

19 PARTY IDENTIFICATION A stable orientation (attachment, predisposition) toward a political party Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what? (IF REPUBLICAN OR DEMOCRAT) Would you call yourself a strong (REP/DEM) or a not very strong (REP/DEM)? (IF INDEPENDENT, OTHER NO PREFERENCE:) Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican or Democratic party?

20 PARTY ID IN THE U.S TO Str. R Wk. R 75% Lean R 5 Ind. Lean D 25% Wk. D Str. D

21 PARTY LOYALTY IN % 5 25% Str. D Wk. D Lean D Ind. Lean R Wk. R Str. R Bush Vote in 2004

22 PARTY LOYALTY IN % 5 25% Str. D Lean D Wk. D Ind. Lean R Wk. R Str. R McCain Vote in 2008

23 PARTY LOYALTY Coefficient from logit model predicting presidential vote choice with party identification

24 VOLATILE POLLS SPREAD: OBAMA VS. MCCAIN Nov 2006 Feb 2007 Jun 2007 Sep 2007 Dec 2007 Apr 2008 Jul 2008 Nov 2008 Source:

25 LESS VOLATILE POLLS SPREAD: OBAMA VS. ROMNEY May 2009 Dec 2009 Jul 2010 Feb 2011 Sep 2011 Apr 2012 Nov 2012 Source:

26 THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE

27 2008

28 2012 SWING STATES pollster.com

29 THE ROAD TO 270 pollster.com

30 THE ROAD TO Obama Kerry Gore Clinton Clinton Dukakis Mondale Carter McCain Bush Bush Dole Bush Bush Reagan Reagan

31 YEAR TO YEAR STABILITY

32 2012 SWING STATES pollster.com

33 THANK YOU

Today. Decline of Parties. Machines New Deal Realignment. In Electorate In Nominations In Government?

Today. Decline of Parties. Machines New Deal Realignment. In Electorate In Nominations In Government? Today Decline of Parties In Electorate In Nominations In Government? Machines New Deal Realignment The New Deal Party System Crash and Depression Hoover s cautious response, Roosevelt s cautious campaign

More information

History in the Making: The Presidential Election of Andrew Rudalevige Dickinson College Pennsylvania, USA

History in the Making: The Presidential Election of Andrew Rudalevige Dickinson College Pennsylvania, USA History in the Making: The Presidential Election of 2008 Andrew Rudalevige Dickinson College Pennsylvania, USA A Wild Ride And then there were two or maybe not The Map to Now And the Map to Know: The Electoral

More information

Interviews with 1,027 adult Americans conducted by telephone by Opinion Research Corporation on March 9-11, The margin of sampling error for

Interviews with 1,027 adult Americans conducted by telephone by Opinion Research Corporation on March 9-11, The margin of sampling error for Interviews with 1,027 adult Americans conducted by telephone by Opinion Research Corporation on March 9-11, 2007. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3 percentage

More information

Federalist. Party Emerges Inside Congress to Push Hamilton's Agenda

Federalist. Party Emerges Inside Congress to Push Hamilton's Agenda No Political Parties Pro-Admin Anti-Admin No Political Parties Tensions Intensify Between Hamilton and Jefferson Federalist Party Emerges Inside Congress to Push Hamilton's Agenda Washington's Farewell

More information

US ELECTIONS THE GENERAL ELECTION

US ELECTIONS THE GENERAL ELECTION US ELECTIONS THE GENERAL ELECTION Third debate - http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/us_elections_2008/7672978.stm Polls - http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/629/629/7360265.stm Ads - http://politicalrealm.blogspot.com/search/label/ad%20wars

More information

The New York Times/CBS News Poll January 12-15, 2004

The New York Times/CBS News Poll January 12-15, 2004 For release in paper of January 18, 2004 The New York Times/CBS News Poll January 12-15, 2004 N=1,022 All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. An asterisk indicates registered

More information

ASK ALL: How much thought have you given to the coming presidential election... Quite a lot or only a little?

ASK ALL: How much thought have you given to the coming presidential election... Quite a lot or only a little? PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS NOVEMBER 2008 ELECTION WEEKEND SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE October 29-November 1, 2008 General Public N=3,402 Registered Voters N=2,995 ASK ALL: THOUGHT How much

More information

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER 1 MAY 2015 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE MAY 12-18, 2015 N=2,002 QUESTIONS 1-3, 10-15 HELD FOR FUTURE RELEASE NO QUESTIONS 4-9 Q.16 How much thought, if any, have you given to candidates who may be running

More information

Daron Shaw Department of Government University of Texas at Austin

Daron Shaw Department of Government University of Texas at Austin Issues, Ideology, Gender, and Race in the 2008 Election Daron Shaw Department of Government University of Texas at Austin Hosted by the s Opportunity 08 project In partnership with the Center for the Study

More information

More Interest in GOP Platform than Romney s Speech

More Interest in GOP Platform than Romney s Speech MONDAY, AUGUST 27, 2012 More Interest in GOP Platform than Romney s Speech FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Andrew Kohut President, Pew Research Center Carroll Doherty and Michael Dimock Associate Directors

More information

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER 1 SEPTEMBER 2018 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE SEPTEMBER 18-24, 2018 N=1,754 RANDOMIZE Q.1 AND Q.2 BLOCK Q.1 All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country

More information

RANDOMIZE Q.1 AND Q.2/Q.2a ASK ALL: Q.1 All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country today?

RANDOMIZE Q.1 AND Q.2/Q.2a ASK ALL: Q.1 All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country today? 55 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS SEPTEMBER 2010 POLITICAL-INDEPENDENTS SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE August 25 September 6, 2010 Total N=3,509 Republican N=926, Democrat N=1,116, Independent 1

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS LATE OCTOBER 2008 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE October 23-26, 2008 N=1500

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS LATE OCTOBER 2008 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE October 23-26, 2008 N=1500 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS LATE OCTOBER 2008 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE October 23-26, 2008 N=1500 ASK ALL: THOUGHT How much thought have you given to the coming presidential election...

More information

A Virtual Dead Heat In Campaign s Final Days

A Virtual Dead Heat In Campaign s Final Days ABC NEWS POLL: CAMPAIGN TRACKING #25 10/30/04 EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE AFTER 7 a.m. Sunday, Oct. 31, 2004 A Virtual Dead Heat In Campaign s Final Days George W. Bush and John Kerry are running all but even

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS OCTOBER 2011 GENERATIONS SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE September 22- October 4, 2011 N=2410

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS OCTOBER 2011 GENERATIONS SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE September 22- October 4, 2011 N=2410 105 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS OCTOBER 2011 GENERATIONS SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE September 22- October 4, 2011 N=2410 RANDOMIZE Q.1/Q1.a BLOCK AND Q.2 Q.1 Do you approve or disapprove of

More information

Bush Bounce Begins, But Cheney Could Cause Concern

Bush Bounce Begins, But Cheney Could Cause Concern ABC NEWS/WASHINGTON POST POLL: CONVENTION OPENER 7/29/00 EMBARGO: 6 P.M. BROADCAST, 9 P.M. PRINT/WEB, Saturday, July 29, 2000 Bush Bounce Begins, But Cheney Could Cause Concern George W. Bush's "convention

More information

Habit Formation in Voting: Evidence from Rainy Elections Thomas Fujiwara, Kyle Meng, and Tom Vogl ONLINE APPENDIX

Habit Formation in Voting: Evidence from Rainy Elections Thomas Fujiwara, Kyle Meng, and Tom Vogl ONLINE APPENDIX Habit Formation in Voting: Evidence from Rainy Elections Thomas Fujiwara, Kyle Meng, and Tom Vogl ONLINE APPENDIX Figure A1: Share of Counties with Election-Day Rainfall by Year Share of counties with

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS SEPTEMBER 5-8, 2008 NEWS INTEREST INDEX OMNIBUS SURVEY TOPLINE N=1,004. John McCain Other 1 Don t know/

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS SEPTEMBER 5-8, 2008 NEWS INTEREST INDEX OMNIBUS SURVEY TOPLINE N=1,004. John McCain Other 1 Don t know/ PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS SEPTEMBER 5-8, 2008 NEWS INTEREST INDEX OMNIBUS SURVEY TOPLINE N=1,004 Q.1 Apart from who you support, which presidential candidate have you heard the most

More information

March 7-11, N= 1,362 Republican N= 698

March 7-11, N= 1,362 Republican N= 698 POLL March 7-11, 2007 N= 1,362 Republican N= 698 All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. An asterisk indicates registered respondents only. REP refers to self-identified

More information

27 PEW RESEARCH CENTER

27 PEW RESEARCH CENTER 27 JANUARY 2019 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE JANUARY 9-14, 2019 N=1,505 RANDOMIZE Q.1 AND Q.2 Q.1 All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country today? Satis-

More information

The Red & Blue Nation

The Red & Blue Nation The Red & Blue Nation & 4 election outcomes Partisanship Ideology Dem. & Rep. States: & 4 8 Outcome Source: Dave Leip s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections http://www.uselectionatlas.org/results/ Partisanship

More information

Sept , N= 936 Registered Voters= 844

Sept , N= 936 Registered Voters= 844 POLL Sept. 21-24, 2008 N= 936 Registered Voters= 844 All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. An asterisk indicates registered respondents only. Some people are registered

More information

U.S. VOTERS BELIEVE ANONYMOUS TRUMP CHARGES 2-1, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS; VOTERS ARE HIGH ON ECONOMY, SPLIT ON KAVANAUGH

U.S. VOTERS BELIEVE ANONYMOUS TRUMP CHARGES 2-1, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS; VOTERS ARE HIGH ON ECONOMY, SPLIT ON KAVANAUGH Tim Malloy, Assistant Director (203) 645-8043 FOR RELEASE: SEPTEMBER 10, 2018 Rubenstein Pat Smith (212) 843-8026 U.S. VOTERS BELIEVE ANONYMOUS TRUMP CHARGES 2-1, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS;

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS JULY 2007 POLITICAL SURVEY / MEDIA UPDATE FINAL TOPLINE July 25-29, 2007 N=1,503

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS JULY 2007 POLITICAL SURVEY / MEDIA UPDATE FINAL TOPLINE July 25-29, 2007 N=1,503 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS JULY 2007 POLITICAL SURVEY / MEDIA UPDATE FINAL TOPLINE July 25-29, 2007 N=1,503 Q.1 Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his

More information

Purpose. The purpose of our paper is to analyze changes in the American electorate and how they are changing the American party system itself.

Purpose. The purpose of our paper is to analyze changes in the American electorate and how they are changing the American party system itself. 2013 State of the Parties Paper Summary The Changing American Voter and Party System by Edward Hasecke, Wittenberg University and Joel Lieske, Cleveland State University with the assistance of Kasey Fisher,

More information

The New York Times/CBS News Poll October 28-30, 2004

The New York Times/CBS News Poll October 28-30, 2004 The New York Times/CBS News Poll October 28-30, 2004 For release in paper of November 1, 2004 N= 920 Registered N= 824 All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. An asterisk

More information

CHAPTER 16 JUSTIFICATION FOR THE SPORTS PLAYOFF SYSTEM

CHAPTER 16 JUSTIFICATION FOR THE SPORTS PLAYOFF SYSTEM CHAPTER 16 JUSTIFICATION FOR THE SPORTS PLAYOFF SYSTEM In the good old days, say the 1940s and 1950s, professional sports in the United States were played without finishing the season with a series of

More information

U.S. VOTERS DISLIKE TRUMP ALMOST 2-1, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS; MEDIA IS IMPORTANT TO DEMOCRACY, 65% OF VOTERS SAY

U.S. VOTERS DISLIKE TRUMP ALMOST 2-1, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS; MEDIA IS IMPORTANT TO DEMOCRACY, 65% OF VOTERS SAY Tim Malloy, Assistant Director (203) 645-8043 FOR RELEASE: AUGUST 14, 2018 Rubenstein Pat Smith (212) 843-8026 U.S. VOTERS DISLIKE TRUMP ALMOST 2-1, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS; MEDIA IS

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS 2012 VALUES SURVEY April 4-15, 2012 N=3008

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS 2012 VALUES SURVEY April 4-15, 2012 N=3008 115 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS 2012 VALUES SURVEY April 4-15, 2012 N=3008 ASK FORM B ONLY [N=1514]: Q.1FB Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling his job as

More information

GALLUP NEWS SERVICE 2018 MIDTERM ELECTION

GALLUP NEWS SERVICE 2018 MIDTERM ELECTION GALLUP NEWS SERVICE 2018 MIDTERM ELECTION Results are based on telephone interviews with a random sample of 1,508 -- national adults, aged 18+, living in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, conducted

More information

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER 1 SEPTEMBER 2018 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE SEPTEMBER 18-24, 2018 N=1,754 QUESTIONS 1-2, 7-8, 11-13, 28 PREVIOUSLY RELEASED NO QUESTIONS 3-6, 9-10, 14-27, 29-32, 34-43, 47-49 QUESTION 33 HELD FOR FUTURE

More information

FOR RELEASE: TUESDAY, DECEMBER 28 AT 10 AM

FOR RELEASE: TUESDAY, DECEMBER 28 AT 10 AM Interviews with 1,008 adult Americans conducted by telephone by Opinion Research Corporation on December 17-19, 2010. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus

More information

The Great Debates of 2016

The Great Debates of 2016 Bruce Mehlman Sept. 20, 2016 bruce@mc-dc.com follow @bpmehlman 49 Days Until Election Day The Great Debates of 2016 CONTENTS Do Debates Matter? (2-4) Trump vs. Clinton (6-7) On Viewership (10-15) Do Debates

More information

Party ID with Leaners vs Long Run Party ID, Registered Voters October 3 7, 2018

Party ID with Leaners vs Long Run Party ID, Registered Voters October 3 7, 2018 October 3-7, 2018 Party ID with Leaners vs Long Run Party ID, Registered Voters October 3 7, 2018 Current sample Long run 47 43 44 47 8 9 Republican Democrat Independent Party ID with Leaners vs Long Run

More information

FOR RELEASE: FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 22 AT 6 AM

FOR RELEASE: FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 22 AT 6 AM Interviews with 843 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on November 18-0, 013. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3.5 percentage

More information

ASK ALL: Q.1 All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country today?

ASK ALL: Q.1 All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country today? PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS AND PEW FORUM ON RELIGION & PUBLIC LIFE AUGUST 2008 RELIGION AND PUBLIC LIFE SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE July 31-August 10, 2008 N=2905 ASK ALL: Q.1 All in all,

More information

BUDGET, TAXES HURT CONNECTICUT GOV, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY POLL FINDS; FOLEY TIES MALLOY, HAS BIG LEAD IN REPUBLICAN FIELD

BUDGET, TAXES HURT CONNECTICUT GOV, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY POLL FINDS; FOLEY TIES MALLOY, HAS BIG LEAD IN REPUBLICAN FIELD Douglas Schwartz, Ph.D. Director, Quinnipiac University Poll (203) 582-5201 FOR RELEASE: MAY 9, 2014 BUDGET, TAXES HURT CONNECTICUT GOV, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY POLL FINDS; FOLEY TIES MALLOY, HAS BIG LEAD

More information

BUSH MARGIN WIDENS AGAIN, DESPITE VULNERABILITIES

BUSH MARGIN WIDENS AGAIN, DESPITE VULNERABILITIES NEWS RELEASE 1150 18 th Street, N.W., Suite 975 Washington, D.C. 20036 Tel (202) 293-3126 Fax (202) 293-2569 EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: September 28, 2004 4 PM FOR FURTHER INFORMATION Andrew Kohut, Director

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS EARLY OCTOBER 2008 POLITICAL & ECONOMIC SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE October 9-12, 2008 N=1485

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS EARLY OCTOBER 2008 POLITICAL & ECONOMIC SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE October 9-12, 2008 N=1485 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS EARLY OCTOBER 2008 POLITICAL & ECONOMIC SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE October 9-12, 2008 N=1485 THOUGHT How much thought have you given to the coming presidential

More information

Chapter 2 Displaying and Describing Categorical Data

Chapter 2 Displaying and Describing Categorical Data Chapter 2 Displaying and Describing Categorical Data Graphs for Categorical Variables Our concern will be two types of visual representations. Graphs for Categorical Variables Our concern will be two types

More information

LATINO VOTE A Fight For Change!

LATINO VOTE A Fight For Change! LATINO VOTE A Fight For Change! The Power of the Vote! Political Power, Policy and Health Equity The University of North Carolina School of Social Work Chapel Hill, North Carolina June 7, 2016 LATINO VOTE

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS NOVEMBER 9-12, 2007 NEWS INTEREST INDEX OMNIBUS SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE N=1,017

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS NOVEMBER 9-12, 2007 NEWS INTEREST INDEX OMNIBUS SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE N=1,017 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS NOVEMBER 9-12, 2007 NEWS INTEREST INDEX OMNIBUS SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE N=1,017 Q.1 There are already many candidates for the 2008 presidential election. Can

More information

POLL April 30-May 3, 2015 Total N= 1027 Registered N = 868

POLL April 30-May 3, 2015 Total N= 1027 Registered N = 868 POLL April 30-May 3, 2015 Total N= 1027 Registered N = 868 All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. Asterisk indicates registered respondents only. 1. Do you approve or

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS 2011 MARCH POLITICAL SURVEY A FINAL TOPLINE Survey A: February 22-March 1, 2011 N=1504

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS 2011 MARCH POLITICAL SURVEY A FINAL TOPLINE Survey A: February 22-March 1, 2011 N=1504 25 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS 2011 MARCH POLITICAL SURVEY A FINAL TOPLINE Survey A: February 22-March 1, 2011 N=1504 Q.A1 Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling

More information

FOR RELEASE: THURSDAY, MARCH 2 AT 4 PM

FOR RELEASE: THURSDAY, MARCH 2 AT 4 PM CNN/USA TODAY/GALLUP POLL FEBRUARY WAVE 2 -- FINAL TOPLINE -- Results are based on telephone interviews with 1,020 National Adults, aged 18+, conducted February 28- March 1, 2006. For results based on

More information

POLL March 28 April 2, 2008

POLL March 28 April 2, 2008 POLL March 28 April 2, 2008 N = 1,368 Registered Voters = 1,196 Democratic Primary Voters= 510 Republican Primary Voters= 323 All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. An

More information

TRUMP GETS OK GRADES FOR NORTH KOREA SUMMIT, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS; BUT TWO-THIRDS OF U.S. VOTERS SAY NO NOBEL PRIZE

TRUMP GETS OK GRADES FOR NORTH KOREA SUMMIT, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS; BUT TWO-THIRDS OF U.S. VOTERS SAY NO NOBEL PRIZE Tim Malloy, Assistant Director (203) 645-8043 FOR RELEASE: JUNE 20, 2018 Rubenstein Pat Smith (212) 843-8026 TRUMP GETS OK GRADES FOR NORTH KOREA SUMMIT, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS; BUT

More information

Divided America: Politics and Polarization

Divided America: Politics and Polarization Divided America: Politics and Polarization Where the Republican Race Stands 1,547 Delegates Allocated to Date Kasich: 144 (9%) Others: 15 (1%) Rubio: 173 (11%) Cruz: 463 (30%) Trump: 752 (49%) Needed to

More information

Bush Leads on More Attributes Heading Into the Final Debate

Bush Leads on More Attributes Heading Into the Final Debate ABC NEWS POLL: CAMPAIGN TRACKING #8 10/11/04 EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE AFTER 5 p.m. Tuesday, Oct. 12, 2004 Bush Leads on More Attributes Heading Into the Final Debate George W. Bush maintains substantial leads

More information

q1 How much attention have you been able to pay to the 2004 Presidential campaign -- a lot, some, not much, or no attention so far?

q1 How much attention have you been able to pay to the 2004 Presidential campaign -- a lot, some, not much, or no attention so far? CBS NEWS POLL Problems in Iraq Take a Toll on the President s Popularity and Election Prospects May 20-23, 2004 q1 How much attention have you been able to pay to the 2004 Presidential campaign -- a lot,

More information

Zions Bank Economic Overview

Zions Bank Economic Overview Zions Bank Economic Overview Kenworth National Dealers Conference November 8, 2018 1 National Economic Conditions 2 Volatility Returns to the Stock Market 27,000 Dow Jones Industrial Average October 10,

More information

The New York Times/CBS News Poll

The New York Times/CBS News Poll The New York Times/CBS News Poll January 20-25, 2006 For release in paper of January 27, 2006 N= 1,229 All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. An asterisk indicates registered

More information

The New York Times/CBS News Poll September 12-16, 2004

The New York Times/CBS News Poll September 12-16, 2004 The New York Times/CBS News Poll September 12-16, 2004 For release in paper of September 18, 2004 N= 1,287 Registered N= 1,088 All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted.

More information

Division I Sears Directors' Cup Final Standings

Division I Sears Directors' Cup Final Standings 1 Stanford (Calif.) 747.5 112.5 4 61.0 4 61.0 34 29.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 64.0 1 64.0 12 52.5 11 53.5 1 64.0 1084.5 2 North Carolina 631.5 0 0.0 21 43.5 10 55.0 3 61.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 41

More information

CIRCLE The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning & Engagement. Electoral Engagement Among Minority Youth

CIRCLE The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning & Engagement. Electoral Engagement Among Minority Youth FACT SHEET CIRCLE The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning & Engagement Electoral Engagement Among Minority Youth By Mark Hugo Lopez, Research Director and Emily Kirby, Research Associate

More information

America s Diversity Explosion: What it means for Presidential Politics. WILLIAM H. FREY Brookings Institution and University of Michigan

America s Diversity Explosion: What it means for Presidential Politics. WILLIAM H. FREY Brookings Institution and University of Michigan America s Diversity Explosion: What it means for Presidential Politics r WILLIAM H. FREY Brookings Institution and University of Michigan Millions 225 U.S. White and Minority Populations, 1970-2050 200

More information

Liberal Budget Gains Disappear

Liberal Budget Gains Disappear FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Liberal Budget Gains Disappear Majority, Liberals lose party status if an election held today Toronto, April 19 th - In a random sampling of public opinion taken by The Forum Poll

More information

Federal Regulatory Update WTBA/WisDOT Contractor/Engineer Conference

Federal Regulatory Update WTBA/WisDOT Contractor/Engineer Conference Federal Regulatory Update 2019 WTBA/WisDOT Contractor/Engineer Conference by Nick Goldstein ARTBA Vice President of Regulatory & Legal Issues January 17, 2019 How the Public Feels Regulations and Transportation

More information

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER

1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER 1 FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS JULY 2014 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE July 8-14, 2014 N=1,805 QUESTIONS 1-3, 28, 37-38, 40 PREVIOUSLY RELEASED QUESTIONS 4-24, 29-30, HELD FOR FUTURE RELEASE NO QUESTIONS

More information

THE AP-GfK POLL March, 2016

THE AP-GfK POLL March, 2016 Public Affairs & Corporate Communications THE AP-GfK POLL March, 2016 Conducted by GfK Public Affairs & Corporate Communications A survey of the American general population (ages 18+) Interview dates:

More information

Kantar Public Election Talk: German Election. Is Merkel s reelection a forgone conclusion?

Kantar Public Election Talk: German Election. Is Merkel s reelection a forgone conclusion? Kantar Public Election Talk: German Election Is Merkel s reelection a forgone conclusion? Dr. Nico A. Siegel CEO Kantar Public Germany Managing Director Infratest dimap Jürgen Hofrichter Senior Director

More information

Tim Malloy, Assistant Director (203) Rubenstein Pat Smith (212) FOR RELEASE: DECEMBER 19, 2018

Tim Malloy, Assistant Director (203) Rubenstein Pat Smith (212) FOR RELEASE: DECEMBER 19, 2018 Tim Malloy, Assistant Director (203) 645-8043 FOR RELEASE: DECEMBER 19, 2018 Rubenstein Pat Smith (212) 843-8026 BIDEN HAS TOP SCORE AMONG DEM PRESIDENTIAL CONTENDERS, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL

More information

SANDY RESPONSE SENDS NEW JERSEY GOV APPROVAL SKY-HIGH, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY POLL FINDS; VOTERS BACK STRICTER CODES FOR SHORE REBUILDING

SANDY RESPONSE SENDS NEW JERSEY GOV APPROVAL SKY-HIGH, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY POLL FINDS; VOTERS BACK STRICTER CODES FOR SHORE REBUILDING Maurice Carroll, Director, Quinnipiac University Polling Institute (203) 582-5334 Rubenstein Associates, Inc. Public Relations Contact: Pat Smith (212) 843-8026 FOR RELEASE: NOVEMBER 27, 2012 SANDY RESPONSE

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS AUGUST 10-13, 2007 NEWS INTEREST INDEX OMNIBUS SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE N=1020

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS AUGUST 10-13, 2007 NEWS INTEREST INDEX OMNIBUS SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE N=1020 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS AUGUST 10-13, 2007 NEWS INTEREST INDEX OMNIBUS SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE N=1020 Q.1 Can you tell me the name of the person you ve heard the most about in the news

More information

HART/NEWHOUSE Study #6084--page Connecticut Avenue, NW Interviews: 1,074 voters

HART/NEWHOUSE Study #6084--page Connecticut Avenue, NW Interviews: 1,074 voters HART/NEWHOUSE Study #6084--page 1 1724 Connecticut Avenue, NW Interviews: 1,074 voters Washington, DC 20009 Cross section of 1,003 registered voters (202) 234-5570 Oversample of 71 Hispanic voters Total

More information

Political Forecast for 2016

Political Forecast for 2016 Political Forecast for 2016 Dr. Susan A. MacManus University of South Florida, Tampa Dept. of Govt. & Intl. Affairs Anthony Cilluffo, Georgia Pevy, David Bonanza Research Associates FSASE Canvassing Board

More information

Other Neither No Braley Ernst (vol.) (vol.) opinion. Likely Voters Oct , % 49% * 3% 1% Sept. 8-10, % 48% 1% 1% 1%

Other Neither No Braley Ernst (vol.) (vol.) opinion. Likely Voters Oct , % 49% * 3% 1% Sept. 8-10, % 48% 1% 1% 1% Iowa In Iowa, interviews with 1,005 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on October 27-30, 2014. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus

More information

Zions Bank Economic Overview

Zions Bank Economic Overview Zions Bank Economic Overview Intermountain Credit Education League May 10, 2018 Dow Tops 26,000 Up 48% Since 2016 Election Jan 26, 2018 26,616 Oct 30, 2016 17,888 Source: Wall Street Journal Dow Around

More information

NEW YORK CITY VOTERS LIKE CUOMO MORE THAN de BLASIO, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY POLL FINDS; VOTERS SAY NO TO HORSE BAN, YES TO CELL PHONES IN SCHOOL

NEW YORK CITY VOTERS LIKE CUOMO MORE THAN de BLASIO, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY POLL FINDS; VOTERS SAY NO TO HORSE BAN, YES TO CELL PHONES IN SCHOOL Maurice Carroll, Assistant Director, Quinnipiac University Poll (203) 582-5334 Rubenstein Associates, Inc. Public Relations Contact: Pat Smith (212) 843-8026 FOR RELEASE: JANUARY 16, 2015 NEW YORK CITY

More information

FOR RELEASE: WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8 AT 4 PM

FOR RELEASE: WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8 AT 4 PM Kansas In Kansas, interviews with 1,025 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on October 2-6, 2014. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus

More information

2016 National Post-Election Study

2016 National Post-Election Study 2016 National Post-Election Study Agenda of Key Findings Prepared for MacArthur Foundation Adam Rosenblatt, Senior Director arosenblatt@ps-b.com PENN SCHOEN BERLAND 1110 VERMONT AVENUE, NW SUITE 1200 WASHINGTON,

More information

Aug , 2006 N= 1,206

Aug , 2006 N= 1,206 POLL Aug. 17-21, 2006 N= 1,206 All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. An asterisk indicates registered respondents only. 1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way George

More information

2017 and 2018 Updates to crane regulations and industry standards

2017 and 2018 Updates to crane regulations and industry standards 2017 and 2018 Updates to crane regulations and industry standards Rules / Regulations OSHA State Industry Standards OSHA Crane Rule (29 CFR Part 1926, subpart CC) Released 11/10/2010 1926.1400 Scope 1926.1401

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE AND THE PRESS NOVEMBER 1997 VALUES UPDATE SURVEY -- FINAL TOPLINE -- Nov 5-9, 1997 Nov 13-17, 1997 N = 1,165

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE AND THE PRESS NOVEMBER 1997 VALUES UPDATE SURVEY -- FINAL TOPLINE -- Nov 5-9, 1997 Nov 13-17, 1997 N = 1,165 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE AND THE PRESS NOVEMBER 1997 VALUES UPDATE SURVEY -- FINAL TOPLINE -- Nov 5-9, 1997 Nov 13-17, 1997 N = 1,165 Hello, I am calling for Princeton Survey Research Associates

More information

Tax Reform in a Trump World

Tax Reform in a Trump World Tax Reform in a Trump World Government Fleet Expo and Conference Kenneth J. Kies Managing Director The Federal Policy Group San Antonio, Texas June 14, 2017 Overview The 2016 Election did not Change Our

More information

Liberals with steady 10 point lead on Conservatives

Liberals with steady 10 point lead on Conservatives FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Liberals with steady 10 point lead on Conservatives NDP trails FEBRUARY 20 th, 2014 In a random sampling of public opinion taken by the Forum Poll among 1824 Canadian voters, 4 in

More information

COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) CHARTERED BANK ADMINISTERED INTEREST RATES - PRIME BUSINESS*

COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) CHARTERED BANK ADMINISTERED INTEREST RATES - PRIME BUSINESS* COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) Fixed Rates Variable Rates FIXED RATES OF THE PAST 25 YEARS AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE LENDING RATE - 5 YEAR* (Per cent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

More information

Administrative Note: The collection was reprocessed by Kevin Abing, February The finding aid was retyped on August 8, 2011 by Jenny Stevenson.

Administrative Note: The collection was reprocessed by Kevin Abing, February The finding aid was retyped on August 8, 2011 by Jenny Stevenson. Title: Farmer-Labor-Progressive Federation Collection Call Number: Mss-0813 Inclusive Dates: 1936 1940 Bulk: 4.6 cu. ft. Location: ER, Sh. 213-214 OS SM F (1 item) Abstract: In November 1935, a coalition

More information

Agricultural Weather Assessments World Agricultural Outlook Board

Agricultural Weather Assessments World Agricultural Outlook Board Texas (8) Missouri (7) South Dakota (6) Kansas () Nebraska () North Dakota () Oklahoma () Kentucky (4) Montana (4) California (3) Minnesota (3) New York (3) Pennsylvania (3) Tennessee (3) Wisconsin (3)

More information

Agricultural Weather Assessments World Agricultural Outlook Board

Agricultural Weather Assessments World Agricultural Outlook Board Texas (8) Missouri (7) South Dakota (6) Kansas (5) Nebraska (5) North Dakota (5) Oklahoma (5) Kentucky (4) Montana (4) California (3) Minnesota (3) New York (3) Pennsylvania (3) Tennessee (3) Wisconsin

More information

#001 && :: +/""D '/W!, :: +/""

#001 && :: +/D '/W!, :: +/ 122345678954947 #012 #010 ",?#004 @ 2 5'9?#002 @ 8?#008 @ $", )*, '3 /'& -/ #00# #004 5 6 '&!" #$ %&'" ( )'" *", '" ; / *)'" ') '"*+,'"& -'. ')! /'& -/?#00A @ 8 '" $7789: FGHIGFJIKLMHKG2LMNFKONO

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS JUNE 2013 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE June 12-16, 2013 N=1,512

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS JUNE 2013 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE June 12-16, 2013 N=1,512 1 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS JUNE 2013 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE June 12-16, 2013 N=1,512 Q.1 HELD FOR FUTURE RELEASE: Q.2 Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama

More information

The sample also includes 710 interviews among registered voters (plus or minus 3.5 percentage points)

The sample also includes 710 interviews among registered voters (plus or minus 3.5 percentage points) Interviews with 801 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on March 7-9, 2014. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3.5 percentage points.

More information

NOTE: ALL NUMBERS IN SURVEY, INCLUDING TREND FIGURES, ARE BASED ON REGISTERED VOTERS EXCEPT WHERE NOTED

NOTE: ALL NUMBERS IN SURVEY, INCLUDING TREND FIGURES, ARE BASED ON REGISTERED VOTERS EXCEPT WHERE NOTED PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE AND THE PRESS MID-OCTOBER 2004 POLITICAL SURVEY FINAL TOPLINE October 15-19, 2004 General Public N=1568 Registered Voter N=1307 NOTE: ALL NUMBERS IN SURVEY, INCLUDING

More information

U.S. VOTERS HAVE TRUMP S BACK AS HE FACES KIM JONG-UN, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS; EXCEPT FOR FIRST LADY, TRUMP TEAM GETS LOW GRADES

U.S. VOTERS HAVE TRUMP S BACK AS HE FACES KIM JONG-UN, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS; EXCEPT FOR FIRST LADY, TRUMP TEAM GETS LOW GRADES Tim Malloy, Assistant Director (203) 645-8043 FOR RELEASE: JUNE 6, 2018 Rubenstein Pat Smith (212) 843-8026 U.S. VOTERS HAVE TRUMP S BACK AS HE FACES KIM JONG-UN, QUINNIPIAC UNIVERSITY NATIONAL POLL FINDS;

More information

AP UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS COURSE SYLLABUS TEXTBOOKS

AP UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS COURSE SYLLABUS TEXTBOOKS AP UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS COURSE SYLLABUS TEXTBOOKS Wilson, James Q. and John J. DiIulio. American Government: 12 th Edition; Boston; Houghton Mifflin, 2011 ISBN-10: 0495802832. ISBN: 9780495802839

More information

The American Electorate of the 21st Century. Morley Winograd and Michael D. Hais NDN Fellows and Co-authors of Millennial Makeover

The American Electorate of the 21st Century. Morley Winograd and Michael D. Hais NDN Fellows and Co-authors of Millennial Makeover The American Electorate of the 21st Century Morley Winograd and Michael D. Hais NDN Fellows and Co-authors of Millennial Makeover New American Demographics The New America: America Is a Dynamic and Changing

More information

Economic Forecast to Professional Republican Women Association. January 5, 2017

Economic Forecast to Professional Republican Women Association. January 5, 2017 Economic Forecast to Professional Republican Women Association January 5, 2017 Economic Headwinds National and international uncertainty Continued low energy prices Depressed business investment Unstable

More information

HART RESEARCH ASSOCIATES/PUBLIC OPINION STRATEGIES Study # page 1

HART RESEARCH ASSOCIATES/PUBLIC OPINION STRATEGIES Study # page 1 HART RESEARCH ASSOCIATES/PUBLIC OPINION STRATEGIES Study #18570 -- page 1 Interviews: 900 Registered Voters, including 405 respondents with a cell phone only and Date: July 15-18, 2018 11 respondents reached

More information

Zions Bank Economic Overview

Zions Bank Economic Overview Zions Bank Economic Overview Logan Rotary Club June 28, 2018 Dow Tops 26,000 Up 48% Since 2016 Election Jan 26, 2018 26,616 Oct 30, 2016 17,888 Source: Wall Street Journal Dow Around Correction Territory

More information

FOR RELEASE: MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 15 AT 7:30 AM

FOR RELEASE: MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 15 AT 7:30 AM New Hampshire In New Hampshire, interviews with 1,039 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on September 8-11, 2014. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample

More information

Zions Bank Economic Overview

Zions Bank Economic Overview Zions Bank Economic Overview Veteran Owned Business Conference May 11, 2018 Dow Tops 26,000 Up 48% Since 2016 Election Jan 26, 2018 26,616 Oct 30, 2016 17,888 Source: Wall Street Journal Dow Around Correction

More information

Utility Debt Securitization Authority 2013 T/TE Billed Revenues Tracking Report

Utility Debt Securitization Authority 2013 T/TE Billed Revenues Tracking Report Utility Debt Securitization Authority 2013 T/TE Billed Revenues Tracking Report Billing Budgeted Billed Dollar Percent Month Revenues Revenues Variance Variance Jan 2018 11,943,180.68 12,697,662.47 754,481.79

More information

2016 River Use Statistics -by Steve Sullivan

2016 River Use Statistics -by Steve Sullivan Grand Canyon River Office 2016 River Use Statistics -by Steve Sullivan Topics River Use Statistics Overview Commercial River Use Statistics Noncommercial River Use Statistics Noncommercial River Lottery

More information

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE AND THE PRESS DECEMBER 2002 NEWS INTEREST INDEX FINAL TOPLINE December 4-8, 2002 N=1205

PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE AND THE PRESS DECEMBER 2002 NEWS INTEREST INDEX FINAL TOPLINE December 4-8, 2002 N=1205 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE AND THE PRESS DECEMBER 2002 NEWS INTEREST INDEX FINAL TOPLINE December 4-8, 2002 N=1205 Q.1 Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his job

More information

3. EXCEL FORMULAS & TABLES

3. EXCEL FORMULAS & TABLES Winter 2017 CS130 - Excel Formulas & Tables 1 3. EXCEL FORMULAS & TABLES Winter 2017 Winter 2017 CS130 - Excel Formulas & Tables 2 Cell References Absolute reference - refer to cells by their fixed position.

More information

U.S. Government and Politics Core

U.S. Government and Politics Core Unit 1: Principles of Government Lesson 1.1: The Purposes and Origins of Government 1.1.1: Study - The Purposes of Government Duration: 30 min 1.1.2: Discuss - Who Are You? Duration: 20 min / 10 1.1.3:

More information

South Africa: Seeds of Electoral Change?

South Africa: Seeds of Electoral Change? South Africa: Seeds of Electoral Change? IPSA conference Poznań, Poland 16 Robert Mattes University of Cape Town Collette Schulz Herzenberg Stellenbosch University 1 The Problem 2 ANC Electoral Victories

More information

Media, Polarization, and the 2016 Election. Matthew Gentzkow

Media, Polarization, and the 2016 Election. Matthew Gentzkow Media, Polarization, and the 2016 Election Matthew Gentzkow Questions 1. Are Americans more polarized than ever before? 2. Is it the Internet s fault? 3. Did fake news change the 2016 election outcome?

More information