The Chinese Olympics and the Expectations for the Beijing Olympic Games WANG JUN PH.D & PROF. CHINA SPORTS MUSEUM

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1 The Chinese Olympics and the Expectations for the Beijing Olympic Games WANG JUN PH.D & PROF. CHINA SPORTS MUSEUM

2 1 The import of Western sport in the end of Qin Dynasty ( ) 2 The Olympics and the modern China ( ) 3 The Olympic Movement and a new China since The expectations for the Beijing Olympic Games

3 1 The import of the Western sport China led the world in terms of advancement of agricultural technology, military and culture before the 18th century.

4 1 The import of Western sport James Watt invented the steam engine in 1765, since then the West invented modern war machinery. The Chinese industries, agriculture, transportation and military remained same as the Tang and Songera. China began to be fallen behind the West.

5 1 The import of Western sport Political corruption in the Qing Dynasty The Queen CiXi built Summer Palace by using the military budget

6 1 The import of Western sport The technique stayed at lower level.

7 1 The import of Western sport People suffered from poverty and illness

8 1 The import of Western sport Some rich and colorful traditional sporting activities with 5,000-year history (like ritual archery) had been lost or declined

9 Cu ju: Chinese football

10 Cui Wan: Chinese Golf

11 Polo

12 1 The import of Western sport At the end of 19th century, a number of enlightened individuals advocated to learn advanced science and culture from the West, including modern sports. One of the famous thinkers was Sun Yexian, who later became the first president of Republic of China.

13 1 The import of Western sport Sun Yexian ( ) He cut his pigtail hair and changed the cloth suggesting to import the Western sport to China and to make the nation and Chinese race stronger.

14 The channels of Western sports entering in China Channel one: The Western sports, like track and field and gymnastics, were taught in missionary schools built by communions. In 1890 St. John School held the earliest sport Game in Shanghai, China.

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16 The channels of Western sports entering to China Channel two: The foreigners living in China showed examples of Western sport to Chinese.

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18 The channels of Western sports entering to China Channel three: The Qin government imported sports as one of the methods to train soldiers. At the end of 19th century, sports were introduced to school as a formal curriculum.

19 The channels of Western sports entering to China

20 1 The import of Western sport The Western sports activities including: Gymnastics, track and field, swimming, tennis, baseball, basketball, soccer, tabletennis, volleyball and so on that became the foundation of Olympic sports developed in China.

21 2 The Olympics developed in modern China 2 1 Initial newspaper report on Olympic Games In July 1900, there was a report about the Second Olympic Games held in Paris titling France and Spectators under the topic of Current Affairs Abstract featured in Chinese and Western Church Newspaper. This is the first report about the Olympic Games by Chinese media.

22 2 The Olympics developed in modern China 2 2 The idea of Chinese participation in the Olympic Games brought forward Chang Po-Ling, Director of the Nan Kai Middle School in Tientsin, gave an address speech in the ceremony of Fifth Annual Athletic Contest during prize and reward ceremony, held on Oct. 24, He suggested that we ought no longer to wait for Chinese representing the Olympic Games. This was the first initiative to bring forward the participation of China in the Olympic Games as we know from historic record.

23 2 The Olympics developed in modern China Prof.C.H.Robertson established three slogans to encourage the Chinese athletes to participating in the Olympics in his report that was sent to the headquarters in America on September 30th, 1908: When will China win a place at the Olympic Games? When will China be able to send a winning team? When will China be able to invite the Alternation Olympic Games to come to China?

24 Robertson was an engineering professor of Purdue university. He came to China in 1902 and became the associate secretary of Young Men s Christian Association in Tientsin.

25

26 2 The Olympics developed in modern China In the Week Newspapers of the Chinese edition of Tientsin Young Men Christian Assoc. in 1908: The writer hoped the quadrennial Olympic Games held in Athens, the capital of Greece, to be held in the capital of any country every two years and and expected the participation of Chinese youths in the Olympic Games one day.

27 2 the Olympics developed in China

28 2 The Olympics developed in modern China 2 3 Holding the National Games modeled the Olympic Games China held the first National Games in 1910 and continued to hold every 4 year until The National Game was seen as important practice for participating in the Olympics in China.

29 2 The Olympics developed in modern China 2 4 Initiating and taking part in the Far Eastern Olympic Games ( ) It was the first step for Chinese athletes to go to the international sports arena.

30 Long-jump golden medal in the Far Eastern Games

31 2 The Olympics developed in modern China 2 2

32 2 The Olympics developed in modern China 2 5 Establishment of national sports organization China set up its own national sports organization, China National Amateur Athletic Federation, in It was acknowledged as the Chinese National Olympic Committee by IOC in It thus became possible and legitimate for the Chinese to take part in the Olympic Games.

33 2 2 3 Logo Board of Directors

34 Chinese IOC members in modern China

35 2 The Olympics developed in Modern China 2 6 Taking part in the Olympic Games China sent the athletes and the teams to attend the Olympic Games from 1932 to 1948 in modern era but gained no medal.

36

37

38

39 3. The Olympic Movement and new China since The Chinese dilemma For the political reason, Taiwan was separated from the mainland China in The IOC confirmed both sides simultaneously. The P.R. China withdrew from the IOC in 1958, starting the history of no mainland Chinese athletes in the world of Olympics over 20 years. Both China and the world did their best to solve this problem. The Ping-pong diplomacy opened P.R. China the door to the world.

40 3, The Olympic movement and new China since China rejoined the Olympic Movement In 1979 the IOC found a compromised solution that would enable both sides to take part in the Olympic Games. The P.R. China used the national flag and anthem and Taiwan changed to use the Chinese Taipei Olympic logo. This diplomatic success in unique of its kind gave an example to the world to solve similar problems.

41 IOC restored China s legitimate seat in The photo shows the celebration. Chinese delegation arrived at Nagoya, Japan, to attend the IOC meeting.

42 3, The Olympic Movement and new China since Sending the winning team to take part in the Olympic Games Chinese athletes had taken part in the Summer Olympic Games 6 times from 1984 to They came fourth in 1984 and in 1992 and third in medal table in The historic success came in Athens Games in 2004 coming second after the USA.

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44 3, The Olympic Movement and new China since Sending the winning team to take part in the Olympic Games Chinese athletes had taken part in Winter Olympic Games 8 times from 1980 to The first medal was obtained in 1992 and the gold medal came in 2002.

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46 3, The Olympic Movement and new China since Sending the winning team to take part in the Olympic Games Chinese athletes had taken part in Paralympic Games 6 times from 1984 to Chinese Paralympic team became first in the last Paralympic Games in Athens 2004.

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48 3, The Olympic Movement and new China since Bidding for the Olympic Games China lost the opportunity in the first bid for 2000 Olympic Games in 1993 and succeeded in gaining the right to hold the 2008 Olympic Games. A century s dream for hosting the Olympics came true.

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50 3, The Olympic Movement and new China since Important Chinese members for the Olympic family

51 Sharing the Olympic culture and arts

52 Sports for All

53 Cup of Olympics Over 3,000 Chinese engineers were sent to about 30 African countries and other developing regions to build sports facilities and Chinese coaches were placed in more than 100 countries to help local people to train athletes. The IOC awarded the Olympic Cup to the Chinese Olympic Committee to reward for its contribution to sport construction in the developing countries.

54

55 4 The expectations for the Beijing Olympic Games While preparing for and hosting the Olympic Games in Beijing, it is certain to influence China s economy, political, and each side of the social development. Besides, I believe that the most important or the legacy is to promote the Chinese culture, especially advocating the Olympic Spirit and Olympic Ideal to millions of youngsters through Olympic education programmes.

56 4 The expectations for the Beijing Olympic Games Organizing the Olympic educational activities

57 4 The expectations for the Beijing Olympic Games Integrating Olympic education into regular school curriculum

58 4 The expectations for the Beijing Olympic Games Developing Olympic theme education

59 Exhibitions

60 Web site

61 Exploring and developing curriculum resources

62 Setting up the Beijing 2008 Olympic Education Model Schools

63 Carrying out "Heart-to-heart" International partnership program

64 4 The expectations for the Beijing Olympic Games China, with a long history containing 5,000 different culture, has mutually been developed with the Olympic Movement. The design of Beijing Olympics shows its characteristics. Emblem: Chinese seal Dancing Beijing

65 OLYMPIC GAMES IDENTIFICATION Milestone

66 Promises

67 Beijing s image

68 Beauty

69 Heroes

70 Spirit

71 invitation

72 Paralympic Games emblem : Chinese Character

73 Cultural Activities Mark: Lantern

74 Environmental Label: Tree

75 Volunteers sign: Heart

76 Medals: Jade (white for gold, white and blue for silver, blue for bronze)

77 The Beijing Olympics Torch was created from the inspiration of the "Origin of symbiosis, a harmonious and "Xiang" pictorial. Xiangyun, the concept of culture in China, has more than thousand years of time span in representing the Chinese cultural symbol. The design for torch was inspired from the traditional paper scrolls. Paper is one of China's four great inventions that reached the West via ancient Silk Road.

78 Touch: Xiangyun paper scrolls

79 Graphic Design Concept: Fung King of the aviary

80 The theme for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Torch Relay: Harmony Brigade Slogan: to ignite passions, transfer dream Course: 5 Continents, 22 cities, climbing the Mount Chomolungma Takes 130 days 1,370,000 kilometers.

81 The Beijing 2008 Olympic Games exclusive Pantone White-fat

82 Gray Great Wall

83 Guo Green

84 White Blue

85 Mr Glass

86 China Red

87 Mascot Fu Wa -

88

89

90

91 swallow

92 Paralympics mascot

93 Sports Icons

94 Slogan:! (One world, One dream)

95 Three concepts : Green Olympics, Hi-tech Olympics, People's Olympics Objective : to host unique, high-level Olympic Games

96 Thank you

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