1 National Federation of State High School Associations 2016 Track and Field and Cross Country Rules Changes Major Editorial Changes Points of Emphasis Take Part. Get Set For Life.
2 2016 Track and Field Rules/Case Book Corrections Rules Book Page 19, foul may shall be called Page 48, Figure 7 8 Page 51, The table on pg. 52 goes with Rule Page 62, e (See ) Case Book: Page 77, SITUATION H - (b) while exiting the pit, with the bar visibly steady, catches her foot
3 Inspection of Starting Blocks Rules 3-6-4, Responsibility of inspecting starting blocks to be used in running events has been transferred to the head starter The head starter may appoint a designee to assume this task The inspector of implements no longer inspects the starting blocks
4 Use of Flags for Field Event Judges Rule Head event judge may be equipped with white and red flags When trial is completed the event judge immediately signals the result of the effort White flag is raised for fair Red flag is raised for foul In the absence of flags, fair or foul shall be called
5 Definitions for Throwing Events Rules thru 5 Trial/attempt is all of a competitor s actions that occur from when time limit begins until official determines a fair or foul trial Flight is a round of trials for a group or competitors. Round is the completion of all trials of one rotation of the order of competitors Pass is used to forgo a trial Qualify is earning the right to participate in finals Foul throw is counted as a trial but is not measured due to violation of a rule(s)
6 Throwing Events Trial/Attempt Rule Note A trial/attempt is all of the competitor s actions that occur from when the time limit begins until the official has determined, through the use of the flag or verbal indication, a fair or foul trial Note: Actions by a competitor cannot be a foul after the official has ruled the trial fair. This does not negate the immediate correction of a mistaken action by the official.
7 Excused to Participate in Other Event Rules 6-2-5, Order of competition in preliminary or final rounds may be changed by the head event judge A change in order is done to accommodate those competitors in other events Specific rules for throwing and jumping events apply when a competitor is excused and each rule should be reviewed for proper application
8 Foul for Not Completing Trial Rule Competitor is charged with a foul for not initiating the purposeful action of completing the requirements of the athletic challenge (throw) within the prescribed time limit once name has been called for trial
9 Shot Put-Indoor Implement Specifications Rule Added specification of a maximum diameter for an indoor shot The new diameters account for the synthetic cover on the indoor shot Maximum diameter for boys indoor shot mm Maximum diameter for girls indoor shot is 130 mm
10 Javelin Implement Specifications Rule Reference to a javelin constructed of solid wood removed Javelin shall be constructed of metal or other suitable material More modern materials are now permitted such as carbon fiber for construction of the javelin
11 Definitions for Jumping Events Rules 7-1-1, Note thru 7 Trial/attempt is all of a competitor s actions that occur from when time limit begins until official determines a fair or foul trial Note: Actions by a competitor cannot be a foul after the official has ruled the trial fair. This does not negate the immediate correction of a mistaken action by the official. Flight is a round of trials for a group or competitors Round is the completion of all trials of one rotation of the order of competitors Horizontal events include the long and triple jumps Vertical events include the high jump and pole vault
12 Definitions for Jumping Events Rules 7-1-1, Note thru 7 Pass is used to forgo a trial Qualify is earning the right to participate in finals Foul jump is counted as a trial but is not measured due to violation of a rule(s)
13 Test Question A pass is used to forgo a trial and is not considered a trial. True or False?
14 Foul for Not Completing a Trial Rule Competitor is charged with a foul for not initiating the purposeful action of completing the requirements of the athletic challenge (jump) of the event within the prescribed time limit once name has been called for trial
15 Long & Triple Jump Takeoff Board Specifications Rule Recommended width of the takeoff board is 8 inches However, the takeoff board may have a width of up to 24 inches Length remains 42 to 48 inches
16 Cross Country Course Markings Rule 9-1-3b Painted boundary lines, both inside and outside or Use of natural or artificial boundary markers may be used as alternative method to mark the course Directional flags (Rule 9-1-3a) are required
17 Recommended Back-up System When Using Transponders Rules 9-3-3a, b Recommend video or photograph system be used to verify order of finish Officially designated by meet director Activated when timing system indicates one-tenth second or less differential If order of finish determined by transponder is reversed through use of video then times shall also change
18 Cross Country Finish Corral Rules 9-3-4, 5, & Use of chute continues to be recommended when transponders are not utilized Use of a finish corral is recommended at meets where transponder system used for order of finish The finish corral is the responsibility of the Finish Corral Director
19 Cross Country Finish Corral Rules 9-3-4, 5
20 NFHS Track and Field Pre-Meet Notes NFHS Track and Field Pre-Meet Notes are available online at NFHS Track and Field Pre-Meet Notes are made possible through the cooperative efforts of the NFHS Track and Field Rules Committee and USA Track and Field Officials Training Subcommittee
21 NFHS E-books Electronic versions of NFHS Rules and Case Books are now available for purchase as e-books Apple users can visit itunes for available books Apple, Android and Kindle users can buy e-books from Amazon.com and view them through the Kindle app $5.99 Visit for more information
22 National Federation of State High School Associations 2016 Track and Field and Cross Country Major Editorial Changes Take Part. Get Set For Life.
23 Jumping Events Rules thru 18 Reorganizes rule for greater efficiency when applying the rules for jumps All general rules are together All horizontal jumps rules together All vertical jumps rules together
24 Cross Country Penalties for Rules 9-6-1, 2 Wearing an illegal uniform has a penalty separate from the not wearing or altering the assigned number or transponder (Penalty 1) Penalties for not wearing or altering the assigned number or transponder results in disqualification Should there be an irregularity creating this problem, such incident shall be addressed by the referee (Penalty 2)
25 Uniform Rules 4-3-1b(5) & 9-6-1b(4) An American flag, not to exceed 2 by 3 inches may be worn on each item of uniform apparel A commemorative or memorial patch, not to exceed 4 square inches may be worn on the uniform top or bottom by state association action
26 Other Editorial Changes 3-4 Reorganized for efficient placement of rules: Art. 6 changed to Art. 4 Art. 4 changed to Art. 5 Art. 5 changed to Art , The zero point for pole vault is located at the top of the back of the plant box. The zero point, located at the top of the back of the plant box, is used
27 Other Editorial Changes Notes Contestants shall report promptly to the head event judge at the designated location when the event is announced Covered in 7-2 Deleted Breaking Ties covered in 7-3-2
28 Other Editorial Changes Deleted, covered elsewhere in rules Deleted, covered elsewhere in rules Deleted, covered elsewhere in rules
29 National Federation of State High School Associations 2016 Track and Field and Cross Country Points of Emphasis Take Part. Get Set For Life.
30 Role of Officials Inspecting Duties A General Review Officials should have a pre-meet session to review responsibilities during the meet, inspections of venue, implement inspection and how officials shall work together A well run meet absent unnecessary concerns for risk minimization depend upon officials fulfilling these and other responsibilities
31 Use of Flags by Officials With the rules to no longer call mark the field events will be run more efficiently and with improved communication by the use of flags Head event judge shall have both a white and red flag When trial is completed, if fair a white flag is raised and if foul a red flag is raised The flag is not raised until the judge is certain of the outcome of the actions of the competitor for the throw or jump and all requirements at the ring, arc or jumping area and sector
32 Number of Competitors in Sections of Distance Races It is important to consider the size of the field, quality of performances of competitors involved and number of lanes A section should not be so large as to create an environment that increases the risk for injury or unfair competition This year s online Pre-Meet Notes features an article on this topic that will guide meet directors in determining number of competitors in distance race sections
33 Forces Disassociated with Competitor's Actions in High Jump & Pole Vault When a competitor has legally and is clearly over the crossbar and a force not associated with the competitor causes the crossbar to be displaced, it is not considered a foul Examples include but are not limited to wind or in the pole vault the pole rebounding from the plant box padding into the crossbar It is not considered a disassociated force if the vaulter releases the pole and it falls into the crossbar
34 Multiple Logos on Uniform Bottoms are Non-Compliant Coaches must take the time to be certain uniforms are compliant The display of multiple manufacturers logos on the same uniform item is a violation When an item is selected as a uniform bottom, it is not in compliance if the waistband has more than on logo or reference or there is also a logo elsewhere Many of these items are not really uniforms but are base layer items or intended to be a training item or undergarment so the coach must be aware of what he/she is asking the athletes to wear and make sure they are in legal uniforms
35 National Federation of State High School Associations 2016 Track and Field and Cross Country Points of Emphasis for Colorado Track and Field Officials Take Part. Get Set For Life.
36 Use of Flags by Officials With the rules to no longer call mark the field events will be run more efficiently and with improved communication by the use of flags Head event judge shall have both a white and red flag When trial is completed, if fair a white flag is raised and if foul a red flag is raised The flag is not raised until the judge is certain of the outcome of the actions of the competitor for the throw or jump and all requirements at the ring, arc or jumping area and sector
37 Recording in the Vertical Jumps Key: --- Passed; o Cleared; x Failed Trial A1 o xo xxo xxx B1 --- o xxo o xo C o o xxo D1 xo xo xxo o xxx E1 o o xxo xo xxx F1 o o xxo xxo xxx
38 Multiple Logos on Uniform Bottoms are Non-Compliant Coaches must take the time to be certain uniforms are compliant The display of multiple manufacturers logos on the same uniform item is a violation When an item is selected as a uniform bottom, it is not in compliance if the waistband has more than on logo or reference or there is also a logo elsewhere Many of these items are not really uniforms but are base layer items or intended to be a training item or undergarment so the coach must be aware of what he/she is asking the athletes to wear and make sure they are in legal uniforms
39 CHSAA Ruling on Uniforms Oversized and Multiple Logos Many of the shorts that were previously worn as undergarments are now worn as a team s uniform bottom. Individual athletes purchasing their own matching color compression shorts to wear as their team uniform. Many of the compression style shorts, whether purchased by athletes or the school, have waistbands sporting multiple and/or oversized manufacturer logos.
40 CHSAA Ruling on Uniforms Oversized and Multiple Logos
41 CHSAA Ruling on Uniforms Oversized and Multiple Log Coaches and athletes will need to make a permanent fix so the uniform is compliant. Permanent solutions may include but are not limited to: Tucking the waistband inside of the short and stitching the band permanently in this position. Sewing a matching solid color material over the band to cover the logos. Any other permanent solutions that will not allow the logos to be seen.
42 CHSAA Ruling on Uniforms Oversized and Multiple Log Officials that observe this violation will not allow athletes to compete until the athlete changes the uniform or makes the uniform compliant with a permanent solution. CHSAA supports the intent of the logo rule (athletes not advertising for various manufacturers), it also does not want this issue to prevent athletes from competing or incurring additional expenses with the purchase of a different uniform. Coaches, please inform you athletes of the uniform rules and have them resolve any violations prior to competition.
43 Consecutive Trials and Video Rule 3-2-8a: Electronic devices shall not be used to transmit information to the competitor during the race or trial. For clarification purposes, once a field event athlete's name has been called and their trial begins, that athlete may not view any video with or without a coach. Penalty: the competitor shall be disqualified from the event. If the coach is involved, then they shall be disqualified from further participation in the meet for unsporting conduct.
44 Consecutive Trials and Video Rule 3-2-8c: State associations may also have policies in place to further address the use of electronic devices. CHSAA will allow the viewing of video by a field event athlete after the beginning of a trial only if the competitor is taking consecutive trials. This does not change the amount of time the athlete has to initiate a trial; it just allows the athlete to view video during this time. This will expedite the event rather than building in extra time between consecutive trials for an athlete to view video.
45 National Federation of State High School Associations TRACK REFEREE Take Part. Get Set For Life.
46 Referee The CHSAA requires a track referee and a field referee at all qualifying meets. They may confer with each other before making a ruling. They are also responsible for ensuring fair competition and upholding the rules for state qualifying procedures. The referee is directly in charge of all activities during competition and is responsible for the supervision of all meet officials. The referee s authority begins upon arrival at the meet site and concludes 30 minutes after the last event results have been announced or made official. The referee has the sole authority to rule on infractions or irregularities, which are not covered within the rules. The referee shall also answer questions, which are not specifically placed under the jurisdiction of other officials.
47 Track Referee Pre-Meet Duties Obtain and review all games committee information. Inspect the track to validate that all starting lines and exchange zones are properly marked. Inspect the starting blocks to make sure every competitor in every lane will have properly functioning equipment. Meet with the meet director, clerk(s) of the course, head finish judge, and head umpire to define areas of responsibility during the meet.
48 Track Referee Pre-Meet Duties Inspect the wind gauge, make sure it is properly placed, and meet with the wind gauge official to verify operation and recording of wind speeds. Meet with the head coaches and team captains to insure that all competitors will be in a legal uniform and that everyone is expected to exhibit good sportsmanship throughout the meet. Let coaches know where you can be found to answer questions from them and/or their athletes.
49 Track Referee Duties During Meet May suspend a meet due to any emergency such as hazardous weather conditions in collaboration with the meet director/games committee. Make final decisions, subject to any appeal procedure established prior to the meet. Determine if a race shall be rerun and, if so, who is eligible to participate in the rerun and when it will be scheduled. Notify a competitor and the competitor s coach of any disqualification or warning.
50 Track Referee Duties During Meet Serve as or designate a lap caller for individual races or relay legs of three laps or more. Has sole authority for ruling on infractions or irregularities not covered within the rules. Shall not set aside any rule. Approval of the final results and recording of the time the meet was officially concluded.
51 Can the Starter be a Referee? Can the Referee be a Starter? CHSAA requires 3 certified officials: Field Referee, Track Referee, and Starter. The Field Referee should never be a Starter. The Track Referee s first priority is referee, second priority is Starter. Majority of races start and finish in the same location. Consider how you will observe the hurdle races.
52 National Federation of State High School Associations FIELD REFEREE Take Part. Get Set For Life.
53 Field Referee Pre-Meet Duties Inspect all field event areas to ensure they are safe and legal. Horizontal Jumps check that pits are full of sand and take-off areas are safe and adequate. Inspect the wind gauge(s), make sure it is properly placed, and meet with the wind gauge official(s) to verify operation and recording of wind speeds. Throws check to see if the areas are marked properly. Check condition of rings and stop boards. Inspect discus cage to ensure it meets rule book specifications. Assist implement inspector in weigh-in and inspection of implements to ensure they conform to rule book specifications.
54 Field Referee Pre-Meet Duties High Jump inspect the standards, crossbar, pit and ground padding. Pole Vault inspect the standards, crossbar, plant box, pit, and ground padding. Assist the event judge in the weigh-in of competitors and/or the inspection, verification, and marking of legal poles.
55 Field Referee Pre-Meet Duties Make sure all field events have all of the needed equipment to make the events run successfully. (measuring tapes, rakes, brooms, ladders, marking flags, clip boards, stop watches, towels, or any other item(s) needed) Meet with each head field event judge to define areas of responsibility during the meet. Review procedures provided by the games committee for the use of equipment and/or implements
56 Field Referee Duties During Meet Make certain field events begin on time and continue without unnecessary delay. Check with each event judge during the meet to make sure there are no serious infractions that would require a ruling. While at an event, the field referee will assist in watching for infractions. Make every effort to ensure that each competitor has a fair and equal opportunity to perform.
57 Field Referee Duties During Meet Work with the event judge on any warning or disqualification of a competitor. Notify a competitor or the competitor s coach of any disqualification or warning. Verify outstanding performances that may qualify for a record. Review and certify the results of each completed field event, recording the time the event was completed. Instruct event judges to secure facilities and return equipment after completing competition.
58 National Federation of State High School Associations Thank You for your support of High School Athletics! Take Part. Get Set For Life.
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SWIMMING 2017 GENERAL RULES The Official Special Olympics Sports Rules shall govern all Special Olympics swimming competitions. As an international sports program, Special Olympics has created these rules