Major Battles of the Texas Revolution. The Battle of Gonzales The Battle of the Alamo The Battle of Goliad The Battle of San Jacinto

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1 Major Battles of the Texas Revolution The Battle of Gonzales The Battle of the Alamo The Battle of Goliad The Battle of San Jacinto

2 The Battle of Gonzales October 2, st battle between the Texan colonists and Mexican troops over a small cannon. COME AND TAKE IT! First Texan victory showed they would fight!

3 Texan Victories Fire Up Santa Anna Citizens of Gonzales turn back Mexican forces trying to take cannon. - Texans: 2 killed; 26 wounded - Mexicans: 150 casualties

4 Constitutional Convention of -March 2, Texas drafts their Declaration of Independence written by George Childress & declares independence from Mexico

5 The Battle of the Alamo February 24 - March 6, 1836

6 Strengths of the Alamo 12 foot walls ; 2-3 feet thick 20 cannons Food and water supplies very high

7 Weaknesses of the Alamo Too much space to defend (3 acres) with Travis s army possessing less than 200 men A piece of the South wall, between the chapel and the main wall was built of fence planks and dirt. With Gonzales 71 miles away, and Goliad 95 miles away, reinforcements would be tough to come by quickly.

8 Santa Anna wants to make a statement! Santa Anna flies the traditional RED FLAG from his headquarters, indicating no quarter, or no prisoners. As the Mexican Army marched toward the Alamo, they sang, El Deguello, an ancient chant of no mercy WHAT WAS THE STATEMENT SANTA ANNA WAS TRYING TO MAKE?

9 The Bombardment The Mexican bombardment began February 24th, and lasted until March 5th The Alamo held up well with its tall, thick walls Also with the KENTUCKY RIFLE, the Texans were able to pick off Mexican troops from great distances The RIFLE vs. the MUSKET

10 Measuring the Odds William B.Travis could obviously see he was severely outnumbered Mexicans v. 200 Texans Travis writes a letter asking for help from the United States & other Texans VICTORY OR DEATH

11 The Line in the Dirt Knowing whoever fought in the battle that was soon approaching was sure to meet their death, Travis supposedly drew a line in the dirt with his sword and gave every man under his command the opportunity to flee, one man left. Why? The spirit of NATIONALISM! What would make us fight against these same odds today?

12 The Final Attack The actual battle took an estimated 90 minutes -- 5:30am to about 7:00am. All who defended the Alamo died, with the exception of women and children, and a Mexican soldier who convinced Santa Anna he was fighting against his will. The Mexican armies lost an estimated 600 trained soldiers, all of whom were very hard to replace.

13 Alamo Aftermath! Santa Anna lost enough professional soldiers to be set back two weeks, two weeks the Texans really needed The brutality of Santa Anna made him lose much respect from his troops In an attempt to squash the Texan spirit, Santa Anna couldn t have done more to ignite the Texan passion for independence

14 Battle of Goliad Colonel James W. Fannin led about 300 revolutionaries in another part of Texas while the battle at the Alamo raged on. Travis wanted him to come to San Antonio with reinforcements, but he never made it. On his way there, Mexico s General Urrea was too close and Sam Houston ordered a retreat. Fannin s troops never made it..

15 Goliad Aftermath! They stopped in a field near Coleta Creek to rest and were surrounded by Urrea s troops. After two days of fighting, Fannin surrendered. All the captives thought they would be returned to the US instead, they were marched to Goliad where Santa Anna ordered that they all be executed!

16 Runaway Scrape When Anglo settlers heard of the massacres at the Alamo and Goliad, they feared for their lives. As Santa Anna approaches Gonzales, the people there began to flee some all the way to Louisiana and some to places like Nacogdoches and Galveston Island.

17 The Battle of San Jacinto April 21, 1836

18 Houston and His Rag-Tags Days before the Battle of San Jacinto, Sam Houston was said to have had an estimated 1,000 soldiers. It would be tough to say that even a half of these soldiers were trained military men. The majority of his soldiers were volunteers who knew a whole lot about farming, and very little about war.

19 Charge, and Remember the Alamo! Houston ordered his troops to attack at 3:30 the afternoon of April 21 st. The Mexican troops were all for the most part resting, watering horses, or eating. WHY? The Traditional Battle Houston s troops enter the camp virtually unnoticed.

20 Charge, and Remember the Alamo! The battle lasted no more than twenty minutes. 10 Texans killed, 30 wounded including Sam Houston, who shattered his ankle due to a musket shot. 630 Mexicans killed, 750 taken prisoner including Santa Anna.

21 Santa Anna Makes a Run for it! Santa Anna surprised by the attack, seeing defeat in sight attempts to escape capture. He makes a soldier switch clothes with him, and tries to run for it. He is caught later in the evening hiding in the tall grass of a field, a Mexican soldier calls him out and he is brought in to custody.

22 VICTORY!!!

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