Name: Date: Day/Period: CGC1P1: Interactions in the Physical Environment. Factors that Affect Climate

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Name: Date: Day/Period: CGC1P1: Interactions in the Physical Environment. Factors that Affect Climate"

Transcription

1 Name: Date: Day/Period: CGC1P1: Interactions in the Physical Environment PART A: Weather and Climate Factors that Affect Climate 1. The words weather and climate are often incorrectly used interchangeably. Weather is the day to day report of precipitation (rain or snow) and temperature. It can usually be predicted up to 10 days in advance. Climate is the long term pattern of weather for a city, country, or region. There are many different climate regions around the globe and within Canada. 2. Categorize the following statements as weather or climate statements. In July, it is often hot and humid in Toronto. Yesterday, it was very warm and sunny. A good time to go to Banff to ski is in the winter. A typhoon hit Japan s coast yesterday. 3. Give an example of a weather statement. 4. Give an example of a climate statement. PART B: Factors that Affect Climate There are six basic factors that influence the climate in Canada. The phrase, LOWER, Near Water? formed by the order of the factors below may help you to study and remember the details of each factor. Complete the questions and diagrams on the pages that follow.

2 Latitude Part a shows the sun s rays being spread over a large area while hitting the earth at higher latitudes (father north of the equator) and Part a in the diagram shows the sun s rays concentrated over a small area around the equator. Use the diagram above and the Word Bank below to help you understand how Latitude affects Climate. In Unit 1, we learned that lines of Latitude run in an and direction. They measure above and below the. Looking at the diagram, the closer you are to the equator, the it is. This is because the sun s rays are more (or concentrated) in this area. Therefore, areas near the equator are warmer. Areas that are far and the equator are NOT as warm because the sun s rays are (not as concentrated) in these areas. This makes these areas have temperatures. The sun s rays have to farther to get to these areas. This is all because our Earth is a shape. So, from all this, we can say that as latitude, temperature. direct less direct stretch east west cooler increases warmer curved below decreases equator above

3 Ocean Currents On the map below, label the first arrow (#1) North Pacific Current, and the second arrow (#2) Labrador Current. Beside the North Pacific Current, write warm and colour the arrow red. Beside the Labrador Current, write cold and colour the arrow blue. 2. Use the diagram above and the Word Bank below to help you understand how Ocean Currents affect Climate. Ocean currents move around and around. Some currents are and some currents are. The temperature of an ocean current will affect the temperature of the passing over it. Canada is affected by two currents: the warm Current and the cold current. The Labrador Current is cold because it flows down from the cold. Because of the warm North Pacific Current, has warm temperatures. Because of the cold Labrador Current, the provinces have cooler temperatures. 1. _ British Columbia cold Labrador North Pacific Maritime Arctic Air warm

4 Winds and Air Masses An air mass is a large volume of air with the climate conditions of the area where it is formed. An air mass originating over an ocean contains moisture. As the air passes over land, the moisture is released in some form of precipitations. On the diagram below, the arrows indicate winds, which are sometimes called Air Masses. Label the inland air masses dry, and the coastal air masses (near water) moist. Use the diagram above and the Word Bank below to help you understand how Wind affects Climate. Winds are large masses of. Some air masses are and some air masses are. If you are near, air masses will be moist. If you are, air masses will be dry. For example, looking at the diagram above, an air mass originating over will be dry. An air mass originating over or the will be moist. Air masses are moist when they are near a large body of water, like an. These areas also have a lot of because there is more moisture in the air from the nearby water. water precipitation British Columbia Manitoba moist air dry inland Maritimes ocean

5 Elevation Elevation is the distance on Earth above sea level. Label the Letter A, Sea Level Label the Letter B, Rising Air and the Letter C, height/attitude. A B C The sun warms the _. As the ground warms up, warm air. The higher up you go from _, the the temperature is. This is because as air rises, it _ (grows) and loses. The further the air rises, the more the temperature will _. If you went up a mountain, the temperature would be. decrease sea level expands heat ground colder rises cold Relief Relief looks at how mountains act as barriers to air masses (air) moving up a mountain. Label the Letter A Mountain and the Letter B Air Mass. B When an air mass move up a mountain, the mountain gives the air mass a hard time from moving. It acts as a block. Because of this, the other side of the mountain will have much different temperatures. A

6 Near Water MARITIME VS. CONTINENTAL CLIMATES Bodies of water are special because they are able to _ the climate of an area. Moderate means to _ and make it in the middle. Because of this moderating effect of water, places that are near water have winters and _ summers. This is called a _ climate. An example of a place with a Maritime climate would be _, because it is right beside the _ Ocean. In the summer, bodies of water are cooler than the air temperature and make the surrounding air colder. In the winter, bodies of water are able to hold on to heat and make the surrounding air temperature more mild. Summer Winter Cooler Warmer A lot of also occurs in a Maritime climate because the ocean releases a lot of _ into the air. Places that are NOT near a body of water, called _ areas, have nothing to moderate their climates. Because of this, these places have more _ temperatures. Winters are _ and summers are _. These areas are considered to have an climate. An example of this would be _. inland precipitation Maritime Ontario British Columbia mild moisture extreme cool Pacific hot cold moderate control Continental

First of all, you should know that weather and climate are not the same thing.

First of all, you should know that weather and climate are not the same thing. First of all, you should know that weather and climate are not the same thing. WEATHER IS: Short term Limited area Can change rapidly Difficult to predict WEATHER is what s happening outside your window

More information

Name Date L.O: SWBAT explain what breezes, planetary winds, ocean currents & monsoons are.

Name Date L.O: SWBAT explain what breezes, planetary winds, ocean currents & monsoons are. Name Date L.O: SWBAT explain what breezes, planetary winds, ocean currents & monsoons are. 1. A cool breeze is blowing toward the land from the ocean on a warm, cloudless summer day. This condition is

More information

Latitude Altitude (Elevation) Proximity to large bodies of water Ocean Currents. larger. concentrated. direct. heating. heating.

Latitude Altitude (Elevation) Proximity to large bodies of water Ocean Currents. larger. concentrated. direct. heating. heating. Climographs Climographs Climographs Roles of Temperature and Precipitation on Climate Roles of Temperature and Precipitation on Climate : Altitude (Elevation) Proximity to large bodies of water Ocean Currents

More information

D) water having a higher specific heat than land B) B C) expansion, cooling to the dewpoint, and condesation

D) water having a higher specific heat than land B) B C) expansion, cooling to the dewpoint, and condesation Base your answers to questions 1 through 4 on the map and the passage below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The map shows four different locations in India, labeled, A, B, C, and D, where vertical

More information

9.3. Storing Thermal Energy. Transferring Thermal Energy

9.3. Storing Thermal Energy. Transferring Thermal Energy 9.3 If you have been to a beach on a hot summer day, you have likely cooled off by going for a dip in the water. The water, which is cooler than you are, removes thermal energy from your body, making you

More information

3 Global Winds and Local Winds

3 Global Winds and Local Winds CHAPTER 15 3 Global Winds and Local Winds SECTION The Atmosphere BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What causes wind? What is the Coriolis effect?

More information

Influences on Weather and Climate Weather and Climate. Coriolis Effect

Influences on Weather and Climate Weather and Climate. Coriolis Effect Influences on Weather and limate Weather and limate oriolis Effect 1 limate is defined as the common weather conditions in one area over a long period of time. Temperature, humidity, rainfall, and wind

More information

1 What Causes Climate?

1 What Causes Climate? Section 1 What Causes Climate? 1 What Causes Climate? Objectives After this lesson, students will be able to I.4.1.1 Identify factors that influence temperature and precipitation. I.4.1.2 Explain what

More information

3 Global Winds and Local Winds

3 Global Winds and Local Winds CHAPTER 6 3 Global Winds and Local Winds SECTION The Atmosphere BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What causes wind? What is the Coriolis effect?

More information

Explain List Describe Compare Identify

Explain List Describe Compare Identify Objective:S.W.A.B.T. Explain how an air mass forms. List the four main types of air masses. Describe how air masses affect the weather of North America. Compare the characteristic weather patterns of cold

More information

Global Winds and Local Winds

Global Winds and Local Winds Global Winds and Local Winds National Science Education Standards ES 1j What is the Coriolis effect? What are the major global wind systems on Earth? What Causes Wind? Wind is moving air caused by differences

More information

3 Global Winds and Local Winds

3 Global Winds and Local Winds CHAPTER 1 3 Global Winds and Local Winds SECTION The Atmosphere BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What causes wind? What is the Coriolis effect?

More information

LAB H - ATMOSPHERE AND CLIMATE LAB II STABILITY AND PRECIPITATION PATTERNS

LAB H - ATMOSPHERE AND CLIMATE LAB II STABILITY AND PRECIPITATION PATTERNS Introduction LAB H - ATMOSPHERE AND CLIMATE LAB II STABILITY AND PRECIPITATION PATTERNS This lab will provide students with the opportunity to become familiar with the concepts of atmospheric stability

More information

Climate Scavenger Hunt

Climate Scavenger Hunt Climate Scavenger Hunt ELA & Science Grades 4nd to 9th Created by Piyush & Ilaxi Directions to use Climate Scavenger Hunt Purpose : At the end of this scavenger hunt on climate students will be able to

More information

Unit 2 World Climate Patterns

Unit 2 World Climate Patterns Unit 2 World Climate Patterns Weather the day to day or short term conditions of the atmosphere. Weather includes variables such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, cloud cover, wind, and air pressure.

More information

STUDY GUIDE. The Land. Physical Geography of Europe. Chapter 11, Section 1. Terms to Know DRAWING FROM EXPERIENCE ORGANIZING YOUR THOUGHTS

STUDY GUIDE. The Land. Physical Geography of Europe. Chapter 11, Section 1. Terms to Know DRAWING FROM EXPERIENCE ORGANIZING YOUR THOUGHTS For use with textbook pages 271 276. The Land Terms to Know dikes Large banks of earth and stone that hold back water (page 272) polder Drained area of land (page 272) glaciation The process in which glaciers

More information

Global Weather Patterns

Global Weather Patterns Global Weather Patterns AZ State Standards Concept 2: Energy in the Earth System (Both Internal and External) Understand the relationships between the Earth s land masses, oceans, and atmosphere. PO 2.

More information

Chapter 7 Weather and Climate

Chapter 7 Weather and Climate Chapter 7 Weather and Climate *Describe what weather is, what affects it, and where it occurs. *Explain the connection between air pressure and wind. * *Many factors affect a region s weather. * *atmosphere

More information

You Can Die Here PRACTICE Regents Exam Questions

You Can Die Here PRACTICE Regents Exam Questions You Can Die Here PRACTICE Regents Exam Questions 1. Which diagram best illustrates how air rising over a mountain produces precipitation? (1) (3) (2) (4) 2. As a parcel of air rises, its temperature will

More information

Learning Target: Today we will begin learning about weather systems and fronts.

Learning Target: Today we will begin learning about weather systems and fronts. October 31st, 2014 Thank you for not chewing gum Materials: Pencil, science notebook, Science book Today s Agenda: Bell work Vocabulary quiz Finish reading 3.1 Notes Learning Target: Today we will begin

More information

4.2 Pressure and Air Masses (6.3.2)

4.2 Pressure and Air Masses (6.3.2) 4.2 Pressure and Air Masses (6.3.2) Explore This Phenomena www.ck12.org Everybody loves a picnic. Your friends and you are headed up the canyon to enjoy the mountains. While driving you feel a slight discomfort

More information

El Niño Lecture Notes

El Niño Lecture Notes El Niño Lecture Notes There is a huge link between the atmosphere & ocean. The oceans influence the atmosphere to affect climate, but the atmosphere also influences the ocean, which can also affect climate.

More information

SESSION THREE: FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE WEATHER IN SOUTH AFRICA

SESSION THREE: FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE WEATHER IN SOUTH AFRICA SESSION THREE: FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE WEATHER IN SOUTH AFRICA KEY CONCEPTS: In this section we will focus on the following aspects: Factors determining the weather of South Africa Influence of the oceans

More information

Lesson: Atmospheric Dynamics

Lesson: Atmospheric Dynamics Lesson: Atmospheric Dynamics By Keith Meldahl Corresponding to Chapter 8: Atmospheric Circulation Our atmosphere moves (circulates) because of uneven solar heating of the earth s surface, combined with

More information

Reading and Vocabulary Study Guide

Reading and Vocabulary Study Guide Reading and Vocabulary Study Guide Boston, Massachusetts Upper Saddle River, New Jersey The map on page 20 is based on a map by DK Cartography. Copyright by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson

More information

Write answers on your own paper. A. the Sun B. the Moon C. Earth s gravity D. Earth s rotation

Write answers on your own paper. A. the Sun B. the Moon C. Earth s gravity D. Earth s rotation The tmosphere Write answers on your own paper 1. What is the primary energy source that drives all weather events, including precipitation, hurricanes, and tornados?. the Sun. the Moon C. Earth s gravity

More information

Atmospheric Circulation

Atmospheric Circulation Atmospheric Circulation Why do we say Earth's temperature is moderate? It may not look like it, but various processes work to moderate Earth's temperature across the latitudes. Atmospheric circulation

More information

Weather & Atmosphere Study Guide

Weather & Atmosphere Study Guide Weather & Atmosphere Study Guide 1. Draw a simple water cycle diagram using the following words: Precipitation, Evaporation, Condensation, Transpiration 2. In your own words, explain the difference between

More information

What Causes Different Weather?

What Causes Different Weather? What Causes Different Weather? Table of Contents What causes weather?...3 What causes it to rain or snow?...4 What causes flooding?...5 What causes hail?...6 What causes the seasons?...7-8 What causes

More information

Atmospheric & Ocean Circulation-

Atmospheric & Ocean Circulation- Atmospheric & Ocean Circulation- Overview: Atmosphere & Climate Atmospheric layers Heating at different latitudes Atmospheric convection cells (Hadley, Ferrel, Polar) Coriolis Force Generation of winds

More information

Atmospheric and Ocean Circulation Lab

Atmospheric and Ocean Circulation Lab Atmospheric and Ocean Circulation Lab name Key Objectives: The main goal of this lab is to learn about atmospheric and oceanic circulation and how these two processes are strongly inter-dependent and strongly

More information

and the Link between Oceans, Atmosphere, and Weather

and the Link between Oceans, Atmosphere, and Weather Geography Worksheet Instructions Using a map, atlas, or any other materials your teacher suggests, label the following on the blank map provided. 1. Label East, West, North, and South. 2. Label the following

More information

WEATHER SECTION 3: THE SUN HEATS THE EARTH From Hands on Science by Linda Poore, 2003

WEATHER SECTION 3: THE SUN HEATS THE EARTH From Hands on Science by Linda Poore, 2003 WEATHER SECTION 3: THE SUN HEATS THE EARTH From Hands on Science by Linda Poore, 2003 STANDARDS: Students know the sun warms the land, air, and water. Students will record observations and data with pictures,

More information

Name Class Date. Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used.

Name Class Date. Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used. Assessment Chapter Test B The Movement of Ocean Water USING KEY TERMS Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used.

More information

Water Budget I: Precipitation Inputs

Water Budget I: Precipitation Inputs Water Budget I: Precipitation Inputs Forest Cover Global Mean Annual Precipitation (MAP) Biomes and Rainfall Forests won t grow where P < 15 / yr Forest type depends strongly on rainfall quantity, type

More information

IN THE TABLE OF CONTENTS AND ON THE NEXT CLEAN PAGE, TITLE IT: WIND NOTES WIND!

IN THE TABLE OF CONTENTS AND ON THE NEXT CLEAN PAGE, TITLE IT: WIND NOTES WIND! IN THE TABLE OF CONTENTS AND ON THE NEXT CLEAN PAGE, TITLE IT: WIND NOTES WIND! Wind 8.10A recognize that the Sun provides the energy that drives convection within the atmosphere and oceans, producing

More information

Envs, Geol, Phys 112: Global Climate. Energy-Atmosphere System Review Aguado & Bert, Ch. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10

Envs, Geol, Phys 112: Global Climate. Energy-Atmosphere System Review Aguado & Bert, Ch. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10 Exam 1 Review Energy-Atmosphere System Review Aguado & Bert, Ch. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10 Location on Earth (L04) Latitude & Longitude great circles, prime meridian, time zones, cardinal points, azimuth

More information

OCEANOGRAPHY STUDY GUIDE

OCEANOGRAPHY STUDY GUIDE OCEANOGRAPHY STUDY GUIDE Chapter 2 Section 1 1. Most abundant salt in ocean. Sodium chloride; NaCl 2. Amount of Earth covered by Water 71% 3. Four oceans: What are they? Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic, Indian

More information

5.1: The Nature of Heat (pg 82 85) Reminder: The Particle Theory of Matter

5.1: The Nature of Heat (pg 82 85) Reminder: The Particle Theory of Matter 5.1: The Nature of Heat (pg 82 85) Reminder: The Particle Theory of Matter Robert Brown: In the 1800's, he was looking at pollen grains in a drop of water with a microscope. He noticed that even though

More information

Global Wind and Pressure Belts as a Response to the Unequal Heating of the Atmosphere

Global Wind and Pressure Belts as a Response to the Unequal Heating of the Atmosphere GRADE 11 GEOGRAPHY SESSION 3: GLOBAL AIR CIRCULATION Key Concepts In this lesson we will focus on summarising what you need to know about: The mechanics present to create global wind and pressure belts

More information

Chapter. The Dynamic Ocean

Chapter. The Dynamic Ocean Chapter The Dynamic Ocean An ocean current is the mass of ocean water that flows from one place to another. 16.1 The Composition of Seawater Surface Circulation Surface Currents Surface currents are movements

More information

Air Pressure and Wind

Air Pressure and Wind Air Pressure and Wind 19.1 Understanding Air Pressure Air Pressure Defined Air pressure is the pressure exerted by the weight of air. Air pressure is exerted in all directions down, up, and sideways. The

More information

Atmospheric & Ocean Circulation- I

Atmospheric & Ocean Circulation- I Atmospheric & Ocean Circulation- I First: need to understand basic Earth s Energy Balance 1) Incoming radiation 2) Albedo (reflectivity) 3) Blackbody Radiation Atm/ Ocean movement ultimately derives from

More information

Local Winds & Microclimates. Unit 2- Module 1

Local Winds & Microclimates. Unit 2- Module 1 Local Winds & Microclimates Unit 2- Module 1 Objectives Overview of local winds (sea & land breezes, valley winds) Overview of microclimates (valley, urban, woodland) Local Winds Local Winds Local winds

More information

Water Budget I: Precipitation Inputs

Water Budget I: Precipitation Inputs Water Budget I: Precipitation Inputs Forest Cover Forests and Rainfall Forests won t grow where P < 15 / yr Forest type depends strongly on rainfall quantity, type (snow, rain) and timing (summer, winter)

More information

Moisture and Stability in the Atmosphere

Moisture and Stability in the Atmosphere Moisture and Stability in the Atmosphere Humidity can be measured as: HUMIDITY Absolute humidity the mass of water vapour in a volume of air (g/m 3.) Relative Humidity the proportion of the actual mass

More information

- wet tropical climate

- wet tropical climate (1 of 13) Further Reading: Chapter 10 of the text book Outline - wet tropical climate - coastal trade wind climate - wet-dry and monsoon climate - dry tropical climate (2 of 13) Introduction Previously,

More information

4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS- SOCIAL SCIENCE UNIT 2: THE EARTH S WATER

4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS- SOCIAL SCIENCE UNIT 2: THE EARTH S WATER THE HYDROSPHERE 4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS- SOCIAL SCIENCE UNIT 2: THE EARTH S WATER All the water on Earth is called the hydrosphere. Most of the water on the Earth s surface is salt water, and only a

More information

Chapter. Air Pressure and Wind

Chapter. Air Pressure and Wind Chapter Air Pressure and Wind 19.1 Understanding Air Pressure Air Pressure Defined Air pressure is the pressure exerted by the weight of air. 19.1 Understanding Air Pressure Air Pressure Defined Air pressure

More information

Physical Features, Where People Live, & How They Trade

Physical Features, Where People Live, & How They Trade Physical Features, Where People Live, & How They Trade 5 large freshwater lakes in central North America HOMES (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior) Serve as the industrial heartland of the continent

More information

surface salinities temperature profiles of the ocean; the thermocline seawater density dynamics deep ocean pressures

surface salinities temperature profiles of the ocean; the thermocline seawater density dynamics deep ocean pressures NATURE OF SEAWATER: SALINITY, TEMPERATURE, DENSITY, AND PRESSURE surface salinities temperature profiles of the ocean; the thermocline seawater density dynamics deep ocean pressures Part A. Surface Salinities

More information

18.1 Understanding Air Pressure 18.1 Understanding Air Pressure Air Pressure Defined Measuring Air Pressure Air pressure barometer

18.1 Understanding Air Pressure 18.1 Understanding Air Pressure Air Pressure Defined Measuring Air Pressure Air pressure barometer 18.1 Understanding Air Pressure 18.1 Understanding Air Pressure Air Pressure Defined Air pressure is the pressure exerted by the weight of air. Air pressure is exerted in all directions down, up, and sideways.

More information

Global Climate Systems and Climate Change

Global Climate Systems and Climate Change Global Climate Systems and Climate Change 1) An area defined by characteristic, long-term weather patterns is called A) a biome. B) an average weather place. C) an ecosystem. D) a climatic region. 2) Climate

More information

McKnight's Physical Geography 11e

McKnight's Physical Geography 11e Chapter 2 Lecture McKnight's Physical Geography 11e Lectures Chapter 5 Atmospheric Pressure and Wind Michael Commons Ohio Northern University Atmospheric Pressure and Wind The Nature of Atmospheric Pressure

More information

MET 200 Lecture 11 Local Winds. Last Lecture: Forces. Review of Forces. Balance of Forces

MET 200 Lecture 11 Local Winds. Last Lecture: Forces. Review of Forces. Balance of Forces MET 200 Lecture 11 Local Winds Last Lecture: Forces Scales of Motion Eddies Sea Breeze Mountain-Valley Circulations Chinook - Snow Eater Drainage Wind - Katabatic Wind 1 2 Review of Forces 1. Pressure

More information

What Causes Weather Patterns?

What Causes Weather Patterns? What Causes Weather Patterns? INVESTlGATlON: Water on the Move If you ve ever been soaked in a rainstorm or even surprised by a thundershower in the desert, you know that water is a big part of the weather.

More information

Oceanography 10. Tides Study Guide (7A)

Oceanography 10. Tides Study Guide (7A) Tides Study Guide (Topic 7A) page 1 Oceanography 10 Name: Tides Study Guide (7A) Note: Do not forget to include the units of your answers. 1. Use the tide chart below to determine the height and time of

More information

Adiabatic Lapse Rates and Atmospheric Stability

Adiabatic Lapse Rates and Atmospheric Stability 8 Adiabatic Lapse Rates and Atmospheric Stability Learning Goals After studying this chapter, students should be able to: 1. describe adiabatic processes as they apply to the atmosphere (p. 174); 2. apply

More information

Wind Energy. Definition of Wind Energy. Wind energy is energy from moving air.

Wind Energy. Definition of Wind Energy. Wind energy is energy from moving air. Wind Energy Definition of Wind Energy Wind energy is energy from moving air. Air has mass. When it moves, it has kinetic energy. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion. How does wind form? Wind forms when

More information

Weather and Climate. California Climate and Local Weather Patterns California s climate is primarily mediterranean and highland.

Weather and Climate. California Climate and Local Weather Patterns California s climate is primarily mediterranean and highland. Weather and Climate Many factors affect weather and climate. LESSON 1 Weather Weather describes the atmospheric conditions of a place at a certain time. LESSON 2 Weather Patterns Several factors drive

More information

Atmosphere Glencoe. Name

Atmosphere Glencoe. Name Atmosphere 2005 Glencoe Name Note-taking Worksheet Atmosphere Section 1 Earth s Atmosphere A. thin layer of air that protects the Earth s surface from extreme temperatures and harmful Sun rays B. Atmospheric

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS

ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Atmospheric Stability An understanding of why and how air moves in the atmosphere is fundamental to the prediction of weather and climate. What happens to air as it moves up and down

More information

Name Class Date. What is a wave? How do waves form? How are transverse and longitudinal waves different?

Name Class Date. What is a wave? How do waves form? How are transverse and longitudinal waves different? CHAPTER 15 1 Types of Waves SECTION Waves KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What is a wave? How do waves form? How are transverse and longitudinal waves different? What

More information

Overview Atmosphere. Meeting Individual Needs. Directed Reading for Content Mastery

Overview Atmosphere. Meeting Individual Needs. Directed Reading for Content Mastery Overview Directions: Complete the concept map using the terms in the list below. weather exosphere coldest air temperature ionosphere stratosphere 1. which is the region of space travel thermosphere which

More information

Use these words. Activity:

Use these words. Activity: SThe aving Water Water Cycle - Worksheet 1a Use these words Activity: 1. Cut around the shapes on Worksheet 1b. 2. Stick them onto the diagram above in the correct order to explain how the Water Cycle

More information

Deep Water Currents Lab

Deep Water Currents Lab Deep Water Currents Lab Background: Anyone visiting the seashore is struck by the constant motion of water traveling on the surface of the ocean in the form of waves. But beneath the ocean's surface, water

More information

Climate depends on: - the amount of energy received from the sun - what happens to this energy once it reaches Earth's atmosphere

Climate depends on: - the amount of energy received from the sun - what happens to this energy once it reaches Earth's atmosphere Sea, Sky and Land: The Climate Connection Oceans and Heat Daily Variations - Sea and Land Breezes Seasonal Variations - Monsoons Reading: Ch 6: 6.3-6.5, 6.11-6.13; Ch 8: 8.12-8.13; Ch 9: 9.9 Graphic: Bergy

More information

El Niño and the Winter Weather Outlook

El Niño and the Winter Weather Outlook El Niño and the 2015-2016 Winter Weather Outlook 2015 NASEO Annual Meeting http://www.ospo.noaa.gov/products/ocean/sst/anomaly/ NWS Boston February 10, 2015 Jimmy Taeger Meteorologist National Weather

More information

Ocean Currents Unit (4 pts)

Ocean Currents Unit (4 pts) Name: Section: Ocean Currents Unit (Topic 9A-1) page 1 Ocean Currents Unit (4 pts) Ocean Currents An ocean current is like a river in the ocean: water is flowing traveling from place to place. Historically,

More information

Satellites, Weather and Climate Activity: Air & water lab Created by: Mike Burris, Champlain Valley Union High School, VT

Satellites, Weather and Climate Activity: Air & water lab Created by: Mike Burris, Champlain Valley Union High School, VT Satellites, Weather and Climate Activity: Air & water lab Created by: Mike Burris, Champlain Valley Union High School, VT Grade Level: 9-10 Social Studies Curriculum Topic Standards: Subject Keywords:

More information

Monsoon. Arabic word mausim means season. Loose definition: a wind/precipitation pattern that shifts seasonally

Monsoon. Arabic word mausim means season. Loose definition: a wind/precipitation pattern that shifts seasonally Monsoon Arabic word mausim means season Loose definition: a wind/precipitation pattern that shifts seasonally Classical criteria (Ramage 1971) Prevailing wind shifts 120 o between Jan & July Average frequency

More information

Chapter 4 Global Climates and Biomes

Chapter 4 Global Climates and Biomes Chapter 4 Global Climates and Biomes Global Processes Determine Weather and Climate - the short term conditions of the atmosphere in a local area. These include temperature, humidity, clouds, precipitation,

More information

Directed Reading. Section: Ocean Currents. a(n). FACTORS THAT AFFECT SURFACE CURRENTS

Directed Reading. Section: Ocean Currents. a(n). FACTORS THAT AFFECT SURFACE CURRENTS Skills Worksheet Directed Reading Section: Ocean Currents 1. A horizontal movement of water in a well-defined pattern is called a(n). 2. What are two ways that oceanographers identify ocean currents? 3.

More information

The General Circulation and El Niño. Dr. Christopher M. Godfrey University of North Carolina at Asheville

The General Circulation and El Niño. Dr. Christopher M. Godfrey University of North Carolina at Asheville The General Circulation and El Niño Dr. Christopher M. Godfrey University of North Carolina at Asheville Global Circulation Model Air flow broken up into 3 cells Easterlies in the tropics (trade winds)

More information

Chapter 10 Lecture Outline. The Restless Oceans

Chapter 10 Lecture Outline. The Restless Oceans Chapter 10 Lecture Outline The Restless Oceans Focus Question 10.1 How does the Coriolis effect influence ocean currents? The Ocean s Surface Circulation Ocean currents Masses of water that flow from one

More information

Equatorial upwelling. Example of regional winds of small scale

Equatorial upwelling. Example of regional winds of small scale Example of regional winds of small scale Sea and land breezes Note on Fig. 8.11. Shows the case for southern hemisphere! Coastal upwelling and downwelling. Upwelling is caused by along shore winds, that

More information

170 points. 38 points In your textbook, read about modern oceanography. For each item write the word that meets the description.

170 points. 38 points In your textbook, read about modern oceanography. For each item write the word that meets the description. Ch 15 Earth s Oceans SECTION 15.1 An Overview of Oceans 38 points In your textbook, read about modern oceanography. For each item write the word that meets the description. (5 points) 1. German research

More information

Air Pressure and Wind. Goal: Explain the formation of wind based on differences in air pressure

Air Pressure and Wind. Goal: Explain the formation of wind based on differences in air pressure Air Pressure and Wind Goal: Explain the formation of wind based on differences in air pressure What is Air Pressure? Reminder: Air pressure is thickest near Earth s surface and becomes thinner as we move

More information

Terms to Know. archipelago tsunami loess

Terms to Know. archipelago tsunami loess Chapter Objectives Identify East Asia s varied landforms, water systems, and natural resources. Explain the factors that influence East Asia s diverse climates and vegetation. The Land Section 1 Objectives

More information

Air Temperature, Melting Ice and Disappearing Land

Air Temperature, Melting Ice and Disappearing Land Air Temperature, Melting Ice and Disappearing Land Climate scientists study changes in icebergs and glaciers. Glaciers are massive sheets of ice that cover the land in places like Greenland in the Arctic

More information

ghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghgdeserts ghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghg AN ACTIVITY GUIDE FOR AGES 6 9 Nancy F.

ghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghgdeserts ghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghg AN ACTIVITY GUIDE FOR AGES 6 9 Nancy F. ghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghg ghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghghgdeserts AN ACTIVITY GUIDE FOR AGES 6 9 Nancy F. Castaldo Contents Acknowledgments vii Introduction ix 1 Discovering Deserts

More information

Unit 11 Lesson 2 How Does Ocean Water Move? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 11 Lesson 2 How Does Ocean Water Move? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 11 Lesson 2 How Does Ocean Water Move? Catch a Wave A wave is the up-and-down movement of surface water. Catch a Wave Catch a Wave (wave effects) Surface waves are caused by wind pushing against

More information

Chapter- 9. Multiple Choice Questions

Chapter- 9. Multiple Choice Questions Chapter- 9 Multiple Choice Questions 1. The low-latitude climates: a. are located along the equator b. are located between the tropics of cancer and capricorn c. do not include the ITCZ d. are restricted

More information

The Coriolis Effect - Deflect the Arrows!

The Coriolis Effect - Deflect the Arrows! NAME: DATE: The Coriolis Effect - Deflect the Arrows Directions: The Circle below represents the Earth. The equator is present, dividing the image into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The arrows

More information

Review Test Submission: Quiz 7

Review Test Submission: Quiz 7 3/25/2016 Review Test Submission: Quiz 7 16SP_GEOG_100_60 Mohammed Sayadi 9 My Welcome Page My Student Support Bookstore Web Advisor Library Internships "SUN" Newspaper H Online Quizzes Review Test Submission:

More information

COASTAL UPWELLING - MONTEREY BAY CALIFORNIA (modified from The Maury Project, AMS)

COASTAL UPWELLING - MONTEREY BAY CALIFORNIA (modified from The Maury Project, AMS) Name: Date: Per: COASTAL UPWELLING - MONTEREY BAY CALIFORNIA (modified from The Maury Project, AMS) The ocean is composed of 3 distinct layers: the shallow surface mixed zone, the transition zone, and

More information

A TEACHING UNIT FOR YEARS 8 12 CHILDREN

A TEACHING UNIT FOR YEARS 8 12 CHILDREN A TEACHING UNIT FOR YEARS 8 12 CHILDREN 31 ACTIVITY 1: WHAT CAUSES TIDES? What you will need: Tide Tables: Map of the area related to tide times. Paper, Thin Cardboard, Some clear plastic, Scissors. Paper

More information

CHAPTER 7 Ocean Circulation

CHAPTER 7 Ocean Circulation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 CHAPTER 7 Ocean Circulation Words Ocean currents Moving seawater Surface ocean currents Transfer heat from warmer to cooler areas Similar to pattern of major wind belts

More information

Arizona Climate Summary

Arizona Climate Summary Arizona Climate Summary March 2012 Summary of conditions for February 2012 February 2012 Temperature and Precipitation Summary February 1 st 17 th : February continued where January left off with a high

More information

Geography Week Which continent is your state closest to: Asia, South America, or Europe?

Geography Week Which continent is your state closest to: Asia, South America, or Europe? Geography Week 24 1. Which continent is your state closest to: Asia, South America, or Europe? 2. Which state would have the coolest weather: Montana, Georgia, or Oklahoma? 3. What are the only two continents

More information

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 15 Earth Science, 12e Tarbuck/Lutgens

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 15 Earth Science, 12e Tarbuck/Lutgens Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 15 Earth Science, 12e Tarbuck/Lutgens 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

More information

PHSC 3033: Meteorology Stability

PHSC 3033: Meteorology Stability PHSC 3033: Meteorology Stability Equilibrium and Stability Equilibrium s 2 States: Stable Unstable Perturbed from its initial state, an object can either tend to return to equilibrium (A. stable) or deviate

More information

National Maritime Center

National Maritime Center National Maritime Center Providing Credentials to Mariners (Sample Examination) Page 1 of 12 Choose the best answer to the following Multiple Choice Questions. 1. An alternating light. (A) shows a light

More information

Equatorial. Temperate. Mediterranean

Equatorial. Temperate. Mediterranean Equatorial Temperate Mediterranean Tropical Mountain Polar Desert The oldest map of the African continent Created in China in 1389 Tundra Coastal climates South Africa s climatic regions Saharan rock painting

More information

Tidal Energy. Definition of Tidal Energy. Tidal energy is energy derived from the movement of the ocean tides.

Tidal Energy. Definition of Tidal Energy. Tidal energy is energy derived from the movement of the ocean tides. Tidal Energy Definition of Tidal Energy Tidal energy is energy derived from the movement of the ocean tides. Water has mass. When it moves, it has kinetic energy which can be harnessed. Kinetic energy

More information

2 Characteristics of Waves

2 Characteristics of Waves CHAPTER 15 2 Characteristics of Waves SECTION Waves KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What are some ways to measure and compare waves? How can you calculate the speed of

More information

Meteorology. Circle the letter that corresponds to the correct answer

Meteorology. Circle the letter that corresponds to the correct answer Chapter 4 Worksheet 2 Meteorology Name: Circle the letter that corresponds to the correct answer 1) If the air temperature remains constant, evaporating water into the air will the dew point and the relative

More information

Historical and Current Climate in the Rio Grande National Forest Area. Peter Goble Nolan Doesken 10/19/2016

Historical and Current Climate in the Rio Grande National Forest Area. Peter Goble Nolan Doesken 10/19/2016 Historical and Current Climate in the Rio Grande National Forest Area Peter Goble Nolan Doesken 10/19/2016 Geographic Orientation Geographic Orientation Geographic Orientation Rio Grande National Forest

More information

SIXTH GRADE OCEANS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE OCEANS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SIXTH GRADE OCEANS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Evaluating components of the water cycle. LAB: Experimenting with porosity and permeability.

More information