NORMAL TAKEOFF PILOT TRAINING MANUAL KING AIR 200 SERIES OF AIRCRAFT

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1 NORMAL TAKEOFF Climb-Out 1. Accelerate to 160 KIAS 2. Landing/Taxi lights: Out 3. Climb Checklist complete KIAS up to 10,000 ft 2. Decrease 2 KIAS per 1,000 ft above 10,000 ft to 130 KIAS at 25,000 ft 3. Decrease 1 KIAS per 1,000 ft to 120 KIAS at 35,000 ft Cruise 1. Accelerate to cruise speed 2. Set cruise power 3. Complete Cruise Checklist V YSE or Above 1. Flaps: Up 2. Yaw Damp: On 3. Climb power: Set Takeoff 1. Rotate at V R to Approx. 7 nose up 2. Establish positive rate of climb 3. Landing gear: Up Takeoff Roll 1. Observe torque and ITT limits In Position 1. Brakes: Hold 2. Set static takeoff power 3. Props: 2,000 RPM 4. Annunciators: Check 5. Brakes: Release Before Takeoff 1. Checklist completed R and V2 245

2 REJECTED TAKEOFF Clear of Runway 1. Complete After Landing Checklist Emergency or Malfunction at or Below V R 1. Recognize need to abort 2. Power levers: Idle 3. Braking: As required 4. Reverse: As required 4. Maintain runway heading Takeoff Roll 1. Observe torque and ITT limits In Position 1. Brakes: Hold 2. Set static takeoff power 3. Props: 2,000 RPM 4. Annunciators: Check 5. Brakes: Release Before Takeoff 1. Checklist completed R and V 2 246

3 ENGINE FAILURE AFTER TAKEOFF 1000 ft AGL 1. Complete Engine Failure Checklist Clean Up Items 2. Land as soon as practical Climb 1. Clear of obstacles 2. V YSE (blue line) 3. Flaps: Up Engine loss 1. Maintain runway heading 2. Power: Max allowable 3. Airspeed: Maintain V 2 Takeoff 1. Rotate at V R to Approx. 7 nose up 2. Establish positive rate of climb 3. Landing gear: Up Takeoff Roll 1. Observe Torque and ITT limits Before Takeoff 1. Checklist completed R and V 2 In Position 1. Brakes: Hold 2. Set static takeoff power 3. Props: 2,000 RPM 4. Annunciators: Check 5. Brakes: Release NOTE Do not retard failed engine power lever until the auto-feather system has completely stopped propeller rotation. 247

4 STEEP TURNS 1. Torque: 1,200 ft-lbs 2. Props: 1,700 RPM 3. Airspeed: 180 KIAS 4. Altitude: Level 1 Bank Smoothly to Altitude: Maintain 2. Trim: As desired 3. Pitch: Increase to approx. 4 (after 30 of bank) 4. Torque: 1,300 ft-lbs 5. Props: 1,700 RPM 2 Lead roll-out to assigned headings by approximately Wings: Smoothly roll to level 2. Trim: As required 3. Pitch: As required 4. Airspeed: 180 KIAS 5. Torque: 1,200 ft-lbs 6. Props: 1,700 RPM Altitude: Maintain 2. Speed: Maintain 3. Attitude: Maintain This maneuver may be used for a 180 or 360 turn, and may be followed by a reversal. The PM may assist as directed by the PF Tolerances per PTS 248

5 VISUAL APPROACH Abeam Touchdown Point 1. Gear: Down 2. Before Landing Checklist Complete Downwind 1. Flaps: Approach 2. Airspeed: KIAS Arrival 1. Torque: Approx 800 ft-lbs 2. Airspeed: 150 KIAS 3. Start Before Landing Checklist Balked Landing 1. Power: Max allowable 2. Flaps: Up at 100 KIAS 3. Gear: Up 4. Establish normal climb Initial 1. Obtain ATIS 2. Descent Checklist Complete Landing 1. Reverse: As required 2. Brakes: As required Base 1. Airspeed: KIAS Final 1. Airspeed: KIAS (VYSE min) 2. Props: Full Forward When Landing Assured: 3. Flaps: Down 4 Transition to V REF 5 Yaw Damp: Off Threshold 2. Airspeed: V REF 3. Power: Idle 249

6 SINGLE ENGINE VISUAL APPROACH AND LANDING Abeam Touchdown Point 1. Gear: Down 2. Prop: Full forward Downwind 1. Flaps: Approach 2. Airspeed: 140 KIAS Arrival 1. Torque:1,600 ft-lbs 2. Airspeed: 150 KIAS 3. Start One-Engine- Inoperative Approach and Landing Checklist Initial 1. Obtain ATIS 2. Descent Checklist: Complete Base 1. Airspeed: KIAS Balked Landing Single Engine 1. Power: Max allowable 2. Gear: Up 3. Flaps: Up 4. Airspeed: V YSE Final 1. Airspeed: KIAS When it is certain there is no possibility of go-around: 2. Flaps: Down 3. Airspeed: VREF + 10 KTS 4. Yaw Damp: Off 5. One-Engine-Inoperative Approach and Landing Checklist: Complete Threshold 2. Airspeed: V REF + 10 KTS 3. Power: Idle Landing 1. Reverse: As required 2. Brakes: As required CAUTION Care must be exercised when using single-engine reverse on surfaces with reduced traction. 250

7 TWO ENGINE ILS Initial 1. Obtain ATIS 2. Review Approach/ Missed Approach Procedures 3. NAV aids: Tune /identify 4. Descent Checklist: Complete Arrival 1. Torque: Approx 800 ft-lbs 2. Airspeed:150 KIAS 3. FD: As desired 4. Start Before Landing Checklist Approach Inbound 1. Flaps: Approach 2. Airspeed: KIAS One Dot Below Glide Slope 1. Gear: Down Glide Slope Intercept 1. Torque: Approx ft-lbs KIAS (V YSE MIN) 3. Time: Start if necessary DH-Visual and Landing Assured 1. Flaps: Down 2. Props: Forward 3. Transition to V REF 4. Yaw Damp: Off 5. Landing Checklist Complete Balked Landing 1. Power: Max allowable 2. Flaps: Up at 100 KIAS 3. Gear: Up 4. Establish normal climb Threshold 2. Airspeed: V REF 3. Power: Idle Landing 1. Reverse: As required 2. Brakes: As required 251

8 SINGLE-ENGINE ILS Initial 1. Obtain ATIS 2. Review Approach/ Missed Approach Procedure 3. NAV aids: Tune /identify 4. Descent Checklist: Complete Arrival 1. Torque: 1600 ft-lbs 2. Airspeed: 150 KIAS 3. FD: As desired 4. Start One-Engine Inoperative Approach and Landing Checklist Approach Inbound 1. Flaps: Approach 2. Prop: Full Forward 3. Airspeed: KIAS One Dot Below Glide Slope 1. Gear: Down 2. Complete One Engine Inoperative Approach and Landing Checklist Glide Slope Intercept 1. Torque: 1,400 ft-lbs KIAS (V YSE MIN) 3. Time: Start if necessary DH-Visual and Landing Assured 1. Flaps: Down 2. Transition to VREF + 10 KTS 3. Yaw Damp: Off Balked Landing Single Engine 1. Power: Max allowable 2. Gear: Up 3. Flaps: Up 4. Airspeed: VYSE CAUTION not be possible with gear extended. Threshold 2. Airspeed: V REF 3. Power: Idle Landing 1. Reverse: As required 2. Brakes: As required 252

9 TWO ENGINE NON-PRECISION APPROACH Initial 1. Obtain ATIS 2. Brief approach/ missed approach procedures 3. NAV aids: Setup/ Ident 4. Complete Descent Checklist Arrival 1. Torque: 800 ft-lbs 2. Airspeed: 150 KIAS 3. FD: as desired 4. Start Before Landing Checklist Station Passage 1. Start timing 2. Set altitude preselect Procedure Turn Outbound 1. Start timing 2. Flaps: approach 3. Airspeed: KIAS Procedure Turn Inbound 1. FD: As desired 2. Reset altitude preselect Intercept Final Approach 1. Course inbound Approach Inbound 1. Reset altitude preselect to approach minimums 2. Gear: Down 3. Props: Full forward Final Approach Fix 1. Time: Start if necessary 3. Torque: 400 ft-lbs 4. Complete Before Landing Checklist 5. Airspeed: KIAS Landing 1. Reverse: As necessary 2. Brakes: As necessary Threshold down 2. Airspeed: VREF 3. Power: Idle MAP-Balked Landing 1. Power: Max allowable 2. Flaps: Up at 100 KIAS 3. Gear: Up 4. Establish normal climb MAP-Landing Assured 1. Flaps down 2. Transition to VREF 3. Yaw Damp: Off Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) 1. Level off at MDA, at least 1 mile prior to map, if possible 2. Torque: 1000 ft-lbs 3. Airspeed: KIAS (V YSE Min) 253

10 SINGLE ENGINE NON-PRECISION APPROACH Procedure Turn Inbound 1. FD: As desired 2. Reset altitude preselect Initial 1. Obtain ATIS 2. Brief approach/ missed approach procedures 3. NAV aids: Setup/ Ident 4. Complete Descent Checklist Arrival 1. Torque: 1600 ft-lbs 2. Prop: Full forward 3. Airspeed: 150 KIAS 4. FD: As desired 5. Start One Engine- Inoperative Approach and Landing Checklist Procedure Turn Outbound 1. Start timing 2. Flaps: approach 3. Airspeed: KIAS Station Passage 1. Start timing 2. Set altitude preselect Intercept Final Approach 1. Course inbound Approach Inbound (Step Down) 1. Torque: 600 ft-lbs 2. Airspeed: KTS Approach Inbound (Level) 1. Torque: 1600 ft-lbs 2. Airspeed: KTS 3. Reset altitude preselect to approach minimums Landing 1. Reverse: As necessary 2. Brakes: As necessary Threshold down 2. Airspeed: V REF 3. Power: Idle CAUTION not be possible with gear extended. MAP-Balked Landing Single Engine 1. Power: Max allowable 2. Gear: Up 3. Flaps: Up 4. Airspeed: VYSE MAP-Landing Assured 1. Flaps down 2. Transition to VREF 3. Yaw Damp: Off Final Approach Fix 1. Time: Start if necessary 2. Gear: Down 3. Torque: ft-lbs 4. Airspeed: KIAS 5. Complete One Engine- Inoperative Approach and Landing Checklist Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) 1. Level off at MDA, at least 1 mile prior to map, if possible 2. Torque: 2100 ft-lbs 3. Airspeed: KIAS (V YSE Min) 254

11 PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CIRCLING APPROACH - BASIC Arrival 1. Plan circling maneuver 2. Follow normal approach procedures to MDA Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) 1. Lever off at MDA at least 1 mile prior to MAP, if possible 2. Torque: 1000 ft-lbs KIAS (VYSE Min) 4. Maneuver within visibility criteria 5. Maintain MDA Final KIAS (VYSE Min) When landing assured: 2. Flaps: Down 3. Transition to VREF 4. Yaw Damp: Off 5. Props: Full forward Balked Landing 1. Power: Max allowable 2. Flaps: Up at 100 KIAS 3. Gear: Up 4. Establish normal climb Threshold *HDU &RQ UP GRZQ 2. Airspeed: VREF 3. Power-idle MAP and Circling Maneuver 1. Determine that visual contact with the runway can be maintained and a normal landing can be made from a circling approach, or initiate a missed approach 2. Maintain MDA during circling maneuver Base 1. Commence descent from a point where a normal landing can be made )RU 7UDLQLQJ 3XUSRVHV 2QO\ 5HYLVHG 'HFHPEHU 255 )OLJKW 3UR OHV

12 FLAPS 0 APPROACH Abeam Runway Threshold 1. Torque: 800 ft-lbs 2. Props: Full forward 3. Gear: Down 4. Airspeed: Zero Flap VREF + 10 KTS Pattern Entry (Downwind 1,500ft) 1. Torque: 800 ft-lbs 2. Props: 1,700 RPM 3. Airspeed: 150 KIAS 4. Flaps: Up 5. Begin Flap Up Landing Checklist Initial 1. Obtain ATIS 2. Complete Descent Checklist Balked Landing 1. Power: Max allowable 2. Flaps: Up at 100 KIAS 3. Gear: Up 4. Establish normal climb Base Leg 1. Torque: 500 ft-lbs 2. Airspeed: Zero Flaps V REF + 10 KTS 3. Sink rate: Establish at 500 to 600 FPM Landing Assured 1. Flap Up Checklist complete 2. Airspeed: Slowing zero REF + wind factor Threshold: Landing 2. Airspeed: V REF + Wind Factor 3. Power: Idle Touchdown 1. Brakes: As required 2. Reverse: As required 256

13 MANEUVERS PRACTICE DEMONSTRATION OF V MCA V MCA a safe altitude of at least 5,000 feet above the ground in clear air only. WARNING IN-FLIGHT ENGINE CUTS BELOW V SSE Airspeed OF 104 KNOTS ARE PROHIBITED. 1. Landing Gear Up 2. Flaps Up 3. Airspeed Above 104 KIAS (V SSE ) 4. Propeller Levers High RPM 5. Power Lever (Simulated Inoperative Engine) Idle 6. Power Lever (other engine) Maximum Allowable 7. Airspeed..... Reduce approximately 1 knot per second until either V MCA or stall warning is obtained. NOTE Use rudder to maintain directional control (heading) and aileron to maintain 5 bank towards the operative engine (lateral attitude). At the first sign of either V MCA or stall warning (which may be evidenced by: inability to maintain heading or lateral attitude, aerodynamic stall buffet, or stall warning horn sound) immediately initiate recovery: reduce power to idle on the operative engine and immediately lower the nose to regain V SSE. 257

14 STALL RECOVERY PROCEDURE Evidence exists that some pilots are failing to avoid conditions that may lead to a stall, or failing to recognize the also exists that some pilots may not have the required skills or training to respond appropriately to an unexpected stall or stick pusher event. Stall training should always emphasize reduction of Angle of Attack (AOA) as the most important response when confronted with any stall event. The stall recovery procedures were developed from Advisory Circular utilizing the Stall Recovery Template. The instructor or evaluator will be responsible for the entry set up of the aircraft. Your training at FlyRight will emphasize the proper recovery and not the entry set up. When possible the instructor will utilize a training scenario for all stall recovery training. 258

15 APPROACHES TO STALLS EN ROUTE CONFIGURATION Torque ft-lbs Altitude Maintain Expect stall warning - approx. 100 KIAS / 10 pitch Recovery 1. Power As needed 2. Attitude Reduce angle of attack to break stall 3. Airspeed Accelerate to safe airspeed 4. Altitude and heading Return to assigned TAKEOFF CONFIGURATION: STALL FLAPS APPROACH, GEAR EXTENDED Torque ft-lbs Altitude Maintain Bank To 30 Expect Stall Warning: Approx. 90 KIAS / 8 Pitch Recovery 1. Power As needed 2. Attitude Reduce angle of attack to break stall Gear Up At Positive Rate 4. Airspeed V YSE, Flaps Up 5. Altitude and heading Return to assigned LANDING CONFIGURATION: STALL FLAPS FULL, GEAR EXTENDED Torque ft-lbs Altitude Representative Descent Expect stall warning: Approx. 80 KIAS / 8 pitch Recovery 1. Power As needed 2. Attitude Reduce angle of attack to break stall 3 Airspeed Gear up at positive rate 5. Altitude Return to assigned 258-a

16 STALL RECOVERY - EN ROUTE CONFIGURATION At First Sign of Impending Stall: 1. Autopilot Disconnect 2. Nose down pitch control until stall warning is eliminated. 3. Nose down pitch trim as required. 4. Roll wings level. 5. Power as required. When Normal Flightpath Established: 1. Set power: As required 2. Notify ATC 3. Return to assigned altitude. Horn or Buffet 258-b

17 STALL RECOVERY - TAKEOFF CONFIGURATION At First Sign of Impending Stall: 1. Autopilot Disconnect 2. Nose down pitch control until stall warning is eliminated. 3. Nose down pitch trim as required. 4. Roll wings level. 5. Power as required. When Normal Flightpath Established: 1. Set power: As required 2. Landing gear (when positive climb rate established): Up 3. Flaps (at 121 KTS min): Up 4. Notify ATC 5. Return to assigned heading and/or course 6. Climb to assigned altitude. Horn or Buffet 258-c

18 STALL RECOVERY - LANDING CONFIGURATION At First Sign of Impending Stall: 1. Autopilot Disconnect 2. Nose down pitch control until stall warning is eliminated. 3. Nose down pitch trim as required. 4. Roll wings level. 5. Power as required. When Normal Flightpath Established: 1. Power: Max allowable 2. Airspeed: Maintain V REF (when clear of obstacles, establish a normal climb) 3. Flaps (at 100 KTS): Up 4. Landing gear (when positive climb rate established): Up Horn or Buffet 258-d

19 EMERGENCY DESCENT Emergency Descent 1. Power: Idle 2. Props: Full Forward 3. Flaps: Approach 200 KTS Max 4. Gear: Down 181 KTS Max Airspeed: 181 KTS Max 10,000 FT MEA or MOCA (Whichever is higher) Clean Up 1. Flaps: Up 2. Gear: Up (163 KIAS Max) 258-e

20 CONTROLLED FLIGHT INTO TERRAIN Escape Manuever: 1. Rotate to the go around attitude 2. Apply maximum power Wings level 3. Monitor pitch allowing airspeed to decay to stall warning 4. Respect the stall warning Caution Terrain Caution Terrain Terrain, Pull Up Terrain, Pull Up 258-f

21 WINDSHEAR RECOVERY PROCEDURE The best procedure for windshear recovery is recognition and avoidance of situations where windshear may be encountered. With this as an industry standard philosophy, it is recognized that there can be unexpected encounters with windshear that must be mitigated. Recognition of windshear in a timely manner is crucial to aircraft safety. Indications of windshear presence include: IAS variations of more than 15 knots Ground speed variations or wind shift Glideslope deviation of 1 dot or more Pitch excursions of 5 degrees or more Heading variations of 10 degrees or more Unusual power lever position rejected. If windshear is encountered at or above V1 or on approach: Rotate to the go around attitude Level the wings if terrain or obstacle clearance are not a factor Apply maximum power Closely monitor airspeed and altitude (allowing airspeed to decay to stall warning if necessary) Respect the stall warning CONTROLLED FLIGHT INTO TERRAIN (CFIT) RECOVERY PROCEDURE When a CFIT warning is activated the CFIT escape maneuver must be executed immediately: Rotate to the go around attitude Apply maximum power Wings level Monitor pitch allowing airspeed to decay to stall warning Respect the stall warning 259

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