# Mastering the Mechanical E6B in 20 minutes!

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 Mastering the Mechanical E6B in 20 minutes Basic Parts I am going to use a Jeppesen E6B for this write-up. Don't worry if you don't have a Jeppesen model. Modern E6Bs are essentially copies of the original 1940s design anyway The E6B has two sides which are used to perform different tasks. The back side is used for calculating wind correction only (crab angle and groundspeed). The front side is used for everything else. The center metal piece that slides up and down and makes up the majority of the computer (labeled 5) is only used with the back side. 1. Plotter (Has sectional and WAC scales) 2. Rotating scale (What you input data with) 3. Temperature conversion chart 4.??? If you take the time to read the instruction book, they never mention what this is for. Im assuming its so you can tie a string around your E6B, turning it into a necklace to be used as a fashion accessory on special occasions. 5. Sliding chart for determining wind correction 6. Rotating dial and pencil friendly writing surface for determining wind correction 1 of 12

2 Getting started What you will need to use your E6B for: As a flight student, you will need to use your E6B to perform a couple of different calculations. These can be placed into the three different task groups as follows: 1. Fuel, time, and distance calculations (Multiplication and division) 2. Wind correction - ie. Finding crab angle and ground speed (Trigonometry) 3. Other - Finding TAS, Density Altitude, converting units, ext. Each one of these three skill groups require a different technique to perform and can be practiced independent of each other. 1 - Fuel, Time, and Distance Calculations Fuel, time, and distance calculations are performed on the front side of the E6B. Becoming familiar with scales and pointers Before actually getting into some problems, you have to learn a little about the parts of the E6B. First I will define the scales and the pointers, and then I will show you how to put them into action. Scales: The front side of the E6B is essentially a circular slide rule with three separate scales. These scales are named and highlighted below: SCALE A - The outer scale marked in red has a few purposes. It provides a way to input and reference data with pointers (kind of like the buttons on a calculator). It is also where you will read all variables except time. SCALE B - The middle scale is used to read time in minutes or seconds. It can also be used for multiplication and division. SCALE C - The inner scale is only used to determine time in hours 2 of 12

3 Pointers: Pointers are the input method of the E6B. Different pointers will give you outputs in different units or bases. MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION POINTER This tiny pointer that extends from the center of the 10 in a black box is used to perform multiplication and division problems like 5 7 or SECOND POINTER - This little pointer above the E in SECONDS allows you work with seconds. It lies on the 36 because there are 3600 seconds in one hour. MINUTE/HOUR POINTER - This big triangular pointer is the most commonly used pointer on the E6B. It allows you to work with minutes and hours or do anything in base 60. Now some problems: Ok, so now you are familiar with the three different scales on the E6B and the three different pointers. Its time to put them to work Multiplying and Dividing (Don t skip) I decided to show how to multiply and divide on the E6B first. Even though these are not the most common operations the E6B is used for, it give you a good idea of how the brain on the E6B thinks. To multiply: Rotate the MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION POINTER to place the number you want to multiply with under Scale A. Then find the number you want to multiply by on Scale B. Read your answer directly above this number on Scale A. Here s an example: What is 9 9? 3 of 12

4 Ok, I m sure you have the 9 times tables memorized, but this is a great first problem to help you get used to the E6B. You will immediately notice that the E6B doesn't actually have a 9 on the A Scale or B Scale. It instead has the numbers on it. One common feature of all slide rules, the E6B included, is that they do not account for order of magnitude. This is a good thing and a bad thing. On the positive side, It means any number on the scale can represent any order of magnitude of that number. So, the 90 in the example above could be a 9, 90, 900, or 900,000,000. On the negative side, it means that you have to know the expected order of magnitude of your answer. So, if I multiply 9 by 9, I need to know that the 81 output I receive is 81 and not 810, or 810,000,000. Conversely, if I were multiplying 90 by 90, my answer would be 8,100. This will be a common theme for the rest of the problems. Now try a problem that s a little harder to do mentally: 22 35=? 4 of 12

5 Remember to apply proper order of magnitude is 770 not 77 or I m sure your thinking Wow what a handy tool. Now try an aviation related problem: On a cross country flight, you climb at 650 feet per minute for 7 minutes. How much altitude did you gain? 650fpm 7min = 4550ft Again watch order of magnitude and apply logic as necessary. Your Cessna probably gained more than 45.5 feet but didn't zoom climb to FL450 in 7 minutes. As your E6B skills improve, you will be able to do problems like this much faster than you could with a calculator. To divide: To divide with the E6B, use the multiplication technique in reverse: Rotate the wheel to align your numerator on Scale A with your denominator on Scale B. Read your answer at the MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION POINTER. (or simply put the numerator over the denominator and read off of the pointer) Ex: 15 3=? Now try these division problems: =? You need to descend 5,000ft in 7 minutes. What descent rate will you need? 5 of 12

7 Hours between legs If you suspect it will take hours between legs, the method is the same except: You will still use the Minute/hour pointer, but will use Scale C instead of scale B. Ex: How long will it take to fly 320nm at a groundspeed of 120kts? You should get 2:40 Leg time in seconds If you suspect it will take seconds between legs, the method is the same except: You will use the Second pointer instead of the Minute/hour pointer and will use Scale B. Ex: How long will it take to fly 1.2nm at 140kts You should get about 31 seconds. 7 of 12

8 Working in reverse to find ground speed and distance You can work in reverse to find ground speed for a known leg time and distance, and distance for a known leg time and ground speed using the following methods: Groundspeed: Align the distance you traveled on Scale A with the time you traveled on either Scale B for minutes or Scale C for hours. Read you groundspeed off of the pointer. Distance: Align the pointer with the groundspeed. Find the time on Scale B or Scale C for minutes or hours. Follow the time directly across to Scale A to get the distance traveled. Fuel for a given leg The procedure for determining fuel burn for a given leg is similar to finding leg time. Like leg time, the pointer and scales you use will be different if you are working with seconds, minutes, or hours. To calculate the fuel burned for minutes or hours of flight time, use the Minute/hour pointer and point to the the fuel burn in GPH. Find the leg time on either Scale B for minutes Scale C for hours. Read the fuel burned directly across on Scale A. For seconds, use the Second pointer and Scale B Ex: How much fuel will a Cessna 152 burn on an 8 minute leg with a fuel burn of 5.3 GPH? You should get around.71 gallons. 8 of 12

9 2 - Crab Angle and Groundspeed Adjusted for Wind To find crab angle and groundspeed adjusted for wind, you will need to flip the E6B over to the backside. You will also need a pencil On the backside of the E6B, you will notice a rotating dial and a metal slider. The metal slider is reversible and has one side for low speed aircraft (like light training planes) and one side for high speed aircraft (like jets). Before getting started, make sure you are using the correct side and that your card is facing right-side up. Now that you are oriented and have your trusty pencil, you can begin the process. Below are the steps: For this example, I will use: True Airspeed of 125kts True Course of 070 Winds from 1. Just like the Jeppesen instructions say, rotate the dial the place the wind direction under the true index (the little pointer on top). 2. The instructions on the E6B are vague for step 2. The objective is to place a small pencil mark on the plastic pencil-friendly surface to identify the wind velocity. If you look down the center of the E6B, you will notice a bold center-line and some numbers from about 30 at the bottom to 260 at the top for the low speed card. You will also notice a grid which marks increments of 2 units between the numbers. These numbers and the grid will be used to reference speed later. For now they will be used as a guide to mark the wind velocity. 9 of 12

10 Place the small hole in the center of the plastic directly over the 100 mark. For now, the 100 has no meaning other than to make it easy to count the wind units on the grid. Count the units upwards and place a mark on the plastic that corresponds to the wind speed. For example, for 22kts of wind, you would place the mark at Rotate the dial to place the true course under the true index. 4. Now slide the metal slider so that the pencil mark you made lines up with your ground speed. In this example, this will mean that the mark will be left of the center-line. 5. Read the groundspeed corrected for wind at the center-line. In this example, the ground speed is 141kts 6. Find the wind correction angle by counting the units between the pencil mark and the centerline. In this example you will get about 6 degrees. If you pencil mark falls to the left of the centerline, subtract the value from your True Course to get your True Heading. If your mark falls to the right add the value. 10 of 12

11 So after all of that, you should arrive at a groundspeed of 141kts and a True Course of 64 degrees. 3 - Other stuff (TAS, Density Altitude, and Conversions) These problems will use the front side of the E6B TAS and Density Altitude Because the process for finding TAS and Density Altitude is the same, I have combined these two tasks into one example. This process will use the Density Altitude window (center window) and Temperature/Pressure Altitude window (right-most window) along with the A scale and B scale. To find TAS and Density Altitude, use the Temperature/Pressure Altitude window (right-most window) and align your OAT on top with your Pressure Altitude on the bottom. Read your Density Altitude off of the pointer on the Density Altitude window (center window) Find your CAS on the B scale. Your TAS is directly across on the A scale. Ex: What is the Density Altitude and TAS under the following conditions: PA- 15,000 OAT- minus 30c CAS- 150kts 11 of 12

12 You should get 13,000 and 184kts Conversions (below) The E6B can do a bunch of conversions. Rather than outline each one, I have made a collage of sorts to highlight a couple Hope this helps Remember, practice makes perfect. Im sure over time, you will find the E6B to be faster can a calculator. 12 of 12

### Descent Planning with a Mechanical E6-B Flight Computer

Descent Planning with a Mechanical E6-B Flight Computer Most pilots are familiar with an E6-B mechanical flight computer as it is considered to be an integral part of a new pilot s training for use with

### THE FLIGHT COMPUTER AND NAVIGATION PLOTTER

AND NAVIGATION PLOTTER GOAL: HOW TO USE A MANUAL E6B FOR FLIGHT PLANNING AND ENROUTE NAVIGATION. COMPUTING SIDE OF E6B Distance, Speed, and Time Enroute Fuel Consumption and Duration Computation of True

### THE FLIGHT COMPUTER AND NAVIGATION PLOTTER

AND NAVIGATION PLOTTER GOAL: HOW TO USE A MANUAL E6B FOR FLIGHT PLANNING AND ENROUTE NAVIGATION. COMPUTING SIDE OF E6B Distance, Speed, and Time Enroute Fuel Consumption and Duration Computation of True

### Flying The Embraer Brasilia (EMB-120)

Flying The Embraer Brasilia (EMB-120) This section includes Pilot s Operating Handbook and Checklists. The POH section is first, followed by the Checklists. FOM: This section includes performance data

### DON T TO MATH IN THE COCKPIT

DON T TO MATH IN THE COCKPIT Notes in this column will be used to either interpret a concept, provide a second opinion, or just offer a humorous example. THE "M" WORD The physical laws of the universe

### Flying The Boeing

Flying The Boeing 757-200 This section includes Pilot s Operating Handbook and Checklists. The POH section is first, followed by the Checklists. FOM: This section includes performance data on the Boeing

Flying The Boeing 727-200 Advanced This section includes Pilot s Operating Handbook and Checklists. The POH section is first, followed by the Checklists. FOM: This section includes performance data on

### AIR NAVIGATION. Key Revision. Press F5 to start.

AIR NAVIGATION Key Revision Press F5 to start. This presentation may be used either as a revision aid or as a self-test program. Revision Self-test Instructions This presentation may be used either as

### 2. At a ground speed of 184 knots, what will be the time required to cover 288 nautical miles? a. 86 minutes b. 90 minutes c. 94 minutes d.

1. What is the equivalent distance of 700 statute miles in nautical miles? a. 608 b. 810 c. 722 d. 934 2. At a ground speed of 184 knots, what will be the time required to cover 288 nautical miles? a.

### Attitude Instrument Flying and Aerodynamics

Attitude Instrument Flying and Aerodynamics 2.1 TURNS 1. An airplane requires a sideward force to make it turn. a. When the airplane is banked, lift (which acts perpendicular to the wingspan) acts not

### Compiled by Matt Zagoren

The information provided in this document is to be used during simulated flight only and is not intended to be used in real life. Attention VA's - you may post this file on your site for download. Please

### Front Cover Picture Mark Rasmussen - Fotolia.com

Flight Maneuvers And Stick and Rudder Skills A complete learn to fly handbook by one of aviation s most knowledgeable and experienced flight instructors Front Cover Picture Mark Rasmussen - Fotolia.com

### PPL Exam 3 Working File. Where significant calculation/thinking is required.

Copyright Avfacts 2014 - All rights reserved. PPL practice exam 3/page 1. PPL Exam 3 Working File. Where significant calculation/thinking is required. Q5. Refer to the P Chart figure 3 in the CASA Training

### How to Run a DIYC by Harvey Cain

How to Run a DIYC by Harvey Cain The Do-It-Yourself-Checkpoint (DIYC) should be your lowest scored leg on any rally. Why? Because you can calculate the perfect time for the leg by using the speeds given

### LX Compass module 3 Electronic compass device User manual

LX Compass module 3 Electronic compass device User manual LX navigation d.o.o., Tkalska 10 SLO 3000 Celje, tel: + 386 3 490 46 70, fax: + 386 3 490 46 71 info@lxnavigation.si, http://www.lxnavigation.com

### Flying The. Traffic Pattern. Skill Level: Basic

Flying The Now that you ve mastered a number of basic and intermediate flying skills, it s time to put them all to the test in the exercise that combines them all Flying The Traffic Pattern. In this Flight

### SULAYMANIYAH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT MATS

KURDISTAN REGIONAL GOVERNMENT SULAYMANIYAH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT MATS APPENDIX " O " SPEED CONTROL GUIDANCE ( First Edition ) April 2012 Prepared By Fakhir.F. Mohammed Civil Aviation Consultant APPENDIX

### Pressure and Density Altitude

Pressure and Density Altitude Reference Sources Pilot s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge o Pages 9-1 to 9-4, Aircraft Performance o Pages 9-20 to 9-21, Density Altitude Charts Study Questions 1. Where

### Cessna 172S Skyhawk Standardization Manual

Cessna 172S Skyhawk Standardization Manual This manual is to be utilized in conjunction with the manufacturers approved POH/ AFM and the Airplane Flying Handbook (FAA-H-8083-3A). This manual should be

### CIVIL AIR PATROL United States Air Force Auxiliary Cadet Program Directorate. Cessna 172 Maneuvers and Procedures

CIVIL AIR PATROL United States Air Force Auxiliary Cadet Program Directorate Cessna 172 Maneuvers and Procedures This study guide is designed for the National Flight Academy Ground School. The information

### Instruction and Practice Manual

Instruction and Practice Manual Axiom Sports Manufacturing A Division of Fitec International 3525 Ridge Meadow Parkway Memphis, TN 38175 (901) 366-9144 www.axiomsports.com 1 Thank you for purchasing the

### Bonanza/Debonair Pilots

Bonanza/Debonair Pilots Completing this worksheet is a great way to reinforce the proper speeds for operating your Bonanza or Debonair under varying operating conditions, and to understand the changes

### file://c:\program Files\Microsoft Games\Microsoft Flight Simulator X\FSWeb\lessons\Stud...

Page 1 of 7 Lesson 2: Turns How Airplanes Turn Fly This Lesson Now by Rod Machado There are many misconceptions in aviation. For instance, there are pilots who think propwash is a highly specialized detergent.

### PERFORM A NDB APPROACH [A320]

1. Introduction PERFORM A NDB APPROACH [A320] This documentation will illustrate how to perform a NDB approach with an Airbus A320. In addition of NDB approaches, procedures are generally based on conventional

### How to Fix Your Mishits in 3 Steps

How to Fix Your Mishits in 3 Steps From the desk of Tom Stickney: - Golf Magazine Top 100 Teacher - Creator, The Perfect Impact System There s no way to avoid it When learning to play this game, you are

### Visualized Flight Maneuvers Handbook

Visualized Flight Maneuvers Handbook For High Wing Aircraft Third Edition For Instructors and Students Aviation Supplies & Academics, Inc. Newcastle, Washington Visualized Flight Maneuvers Handbook for

### Scout Skills Compass INFORMATION SHEET

Scout Skills Compass 0845 300 1818 INFORMATION SHEET A compass is an instrument with a magnetised needle which points to (magnetic) north and is therefore used for determining direction. They come in different

### Airbus Series Vol.2 (c) Wilco Publishing feelthere.com

Airbus Series Vol.2 (c) Wilco Publishing feelthere.com Frequently Asked Questions Fuel Planning The fuel planner has been improved (since Volume 2 SP1) and is now quite accurate. Nevertheless, you should

### See the diagrams at the end of this manual for judging position locations.

Landing Events Penalties General Judges should use airport diagrams, satellite pictures or other means to determine, as accurately as possible, assessments of landing pattern penalties. Judges should be

### Using Dividing Plates with the Rotary Table

The premier source of parts and accessories for mini lathes and mini mills. Using Dividing Plates with the Rotary Table Dividing plates allow you to precisely divide a circle into a number of divisions

### Straight and Level. Basic Concepts. Figure 1

Basic Concepts Straight and Level This lesson should start with you asking the student what they did in the last lesson, what do they remember, and determining if they have remembered correctly. We must

### Detailed study 3.4 Topic Test Investigations: Flight

Name: Billanook College Detailed study 3.4 Topic Test Investigations: Flight Ivanhoe Girls Grammar School Questions 1 and 2 relate to the information shown in the diagram in Figure 1. z Question 1 y Figure

### Revision Number Revision Date Insertion Date/Initials 1 st Ed. Oct 26, 00 2nd Ed. Jan 15, 08

List of Effective Pages * Asterisk indicates pages changed, added, or deleted by current revision. Retain this record in front of handbook. Upon receipt of a Record of Revisions revision, insert changes

### CALCULATING IN-FLIGHT WINDS

CALCULATING IN-FLIGHT WINDS SITUATION: The TH of your aircraft is 350 with the TAS of 150 kts. GS has been determined to be 160 kts, and the Track is 355. What is the wind? ESTIMATE! First compare TAS

Parasite Drag by David F. Rogers http://www.nar-associates.com Copyright c 2005 David F. Rogers. All rights reserved. How many of you still have a Grimes rotating beacon on both the top and bottom of the

### Angle of Attack: Selecting, Installing and Operating an AOA System

Angle of Attack: Selecting, Installing and Operating an AOA System Last month, in my article "Angle of Attack: Who needs it, and What is it?," I discussed why angle of attack is an overlooked aerodynamic

### The Magnetic Compass

The Magnetic Compass The 12 th Century Compass Due to a natural phenomenon called magnetism, a magnetic object on the earth, if suspended from a thin string so that it is free to rotate in any direction,

### S-TEC. Pilot s Operating Handbook

S-TEC Pilot s Operating Handbook List of Effective Pages * Asterisk indicates pages changed, added, or deleted by current revision. Retain this record in front of handbook. Upon receipt of a Record of

### XII.A-D. Basic Attitude Instrument Flight

References: FAA-H-8083-3; FAA-8083-3-15 Objectives Key Elements Elements Schedule Equipment IP s Actions SP s Actions Completion Standards The student should develop knowledge of the elements related to

### Lesson 5 Buffet Boundaries VMO/MMO Limits

Copyright Avfacts 2000. Buffet page 1. Lesson 5 Buffet Boundaries VMO/MMO Limits General High speed jet aircraft may suffer both high and low speed stall buffet. The high speed buffet is caused by flow

### Finding TAS from GPS Data

FLIGHT TESTING Flight testing includes many tasks, but calibrating your pitot-static system ought to be high on the list. Finding TAS from GPS Data If you do the math right and use proper flying technique

Table of Contents Career Overview.................................................. 4 Basic Lesson Plans Activity 1 Measuring... 6 Activity 2 Accuracy and Precision.... 14 Activity 3 Measurement Devices....

### Land Survey. 1. Pick the two points (A and B) that you would like to measure. You must be able to see clearly between the two points.

Land Survey William Clark did most of the surveying and mapping for the Lewis and Clark Expedition. When he needed to measure the distance between two points that were far apart, he used a method called

### 5 Function Indicator. Outside Air Temperature (C) Outside Air Temperature (F) Pressure Altitude Density Altitude Aircraft Voltage STD TEMP SL 15000

5 Function Indicator +20 +40-5000 STD TEMP SL 15000 Outside Air Temperature (C) Outside Air Temperature (F) Pressure Altitude Density Altitude Aircraft Voltage 427 HILLCREST WAY REDWOOD CITY, CA 94062

### S-Tec System 55X Autopilot w/ Altitude Selector/Alerter

Cirrus Design Section 9 Pilot s Operating Handbook and FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual Supplement For S-Tec System 55X Autopilot w/ Altitude Selector/Alerter When the S-Tec System Fifty Five X (55X)

### Basics of Speed to Fly for Paragliding Pilots

Page 1 of 10 San Francisco and Northern California's Premier Paragliding School Up is GOOD!!! Basics of Speed to Fly for Paragliding Pilots The expression Speed to Fly represents the adjustments to a Paraglider's

### Circle Left / Circle Right. Forward & Back. Right-Arm Turn Left-Arm Turn Allemande Left. Promenade. Right & Left Grand.

Circle Left / Circle Right Forward & Back copyright 2016 Bruce T. Holmes Promenade Right-Arm Turn Left-Arm Turn Allemande Left Weave The Ring Right & Left Grand Three steps forward. Touch on the fourth

### Aviation Merit Badge Knowledge Check

Aviation Merit Badge Knowledge Check Name: Troop: Location: Test Score: Total: Each question is worth 2.5 points. 70% is passing Dan Beard Council Aviation Knowledge Check 1 Question 1: The upward acting

### 2100 Autopilot Programmer/Computer PN Software Mod Code L or Later WAAS Capable Pilot s Operating Handbook

2100 Autopilot Programmer/Computer PN 01304 Software Mod Code L or Later WAAS Capable Pilot s Operating Handbook NAV VS 500 ALT 12 5 00 List of Effective Pages * Asterisk indicates pages changed, added,

### Transportation Engineering - II Dr. Rajat Rastogi Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology - Roorkee. Lecture - 35 Exit Taxiway

Transportation Engineering - II Dr. Rajat Rastogi Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology - Roorkee Lecture - 35 Exit Taxiway Dear students, we are back with the lecture series of

### time v (vertical) time

NT4E-QRT20: PROJECTILE MOTION FOR TWO ROCKS VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION GRAPHS II Two identical rocks are thrown horizontally from a cliff with Rock A having a greater velocity at the instant it is released

### Exercise #1: The Half Pass

THE CANTER ZIG ZAG So, you're thinking about moving your horse up to Intermediare II. Congratulations! It's an exciting step. You've been schooling all the movements and systematically building up to this

### How to survive an engine failure in a single engine aircraft

How to survive an engine failure in a single engine aircraft Don't Go In Pointed End First There you are 110 kts, 3,000 ft., enjoying being in the air and out of contact with all the folks on the ground;

### Improvement of an Artificial Stall Warning System for Sailplanes

Improvement of an Artificial Stall Warning System for Sailplanes Loek M. M. Boermans and Bart Berendsen Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering P.O.Box 5058, 2600 GB Delft, The

### Lesson 8 Piles Bearing & Acceptance Transcript. Welcome to the Pile Driving Inspector Course. This is Lesson 8 Piles Bearing & Acceptance.

Lesson 8 Piles Bearing & Acceptance Transcript Welcome to the Pile Driving Inspector Course. This is Lesson 8 Piles Bearing & Acceptance. To begin, select the start button or press Shift+N on your keyboard.

### Holding Pattern Entries

Holding Pattern Entries Skill Level: Intermediate By Brent McColl It's great to be back again in 1998, with the promise of a wonderful year ahead in flight simulation. The challenge for the developers

### Principles of glider flight

Principles of glider flight [ Lecture 2: Control and stability ] Richard Lancaster Email: Richard@RJPLancaster.net Twitter: @RJPLancaster ASK-21 illustrations Copyright 1983 Alexander Schleicher GmbH &

### Note! In this lab when you measure, round all measurements to the nearest meter!

Distance and Displacement Lab Note! In this lab when you measure, round all measurements to the nearest meter! 1. Place a piece of tape where you will begin your walk outside. This tape marks the origin.

### Bottle Rockets. The bottle rocket, like the squid, uses water as the driving agent and compressed air instead of heat to provide the energy.

Bottle Rockets Problem/Purpose: To create a bottle rocket that will fly straight and will stay in the air for as long as possible. Background Information: A squid propels itself by filling its body with

### Lesson 1: Setting the Stage Projection Master

Lesson 1: Setting the Stage Projection Master Copyright 2013. The Johns Hopkins University. All Rights Reserved. Lesson 1 3 Lesson 2: Setting the Stage Projection Master The head chef, at a seasonal resort,

### 1. You may request a contact approach if there is 1 SM flight visibility and you can operate clear of clouds to the destination airport.

HOLDING AND INSTRUMENT APPROACHES CONTACT AND VISUAL APPROACHES 1. You may request a contact approach if there is 1 SM flight visibility and you can operate clear of clouds to the destination airport.

### Lab 11 Density and Buoyancy

b Lab 11 Density and uoyancy Physics 211 Lab What You Need To Know: Density Today s lab will introduce you to the concept of density. Density is a measurement of an object s mass per unit volume of space

### Soft Systems. Log Flume - 1. Enter Specification. Activity One ACTIVITIES. Help. for Logicator

Log Flume - 1 ACTIVITIES These sheets present a series of activities for building your own programs to control the Log Flume Soft System. Together, they build into a complete control system for the log

### Spins and how to keep the pointy end of the airplane going forward

Spins and how to keep the pointy end of the airplane going forward 8/14/07 Evan Reed, cfievan@yahoo.com Ed Williams Outline Spins and their general characteristics Accident statistics and scenarios Some

### GO AROUND PNF 3.THRUST REDUCTION/ACCELERATION ALTITUDE 1.GO AROUND INITIATION 5.DIVERSION. 4.HOLD (missed approach) 2.

GO AROUND 1.GO AROUND INITIATION 3.THRUST REDUCTION/ACCELERATION ALTITUDE 5.DIVERSION 2.LATERAL GUIDANCE 4.HOLD (missed approach) A320 - Version 05 1. GO AROUND INITIATION Decision THRUST LEVERS. TOGA

### Playing Catch - Throwing The Baseball

Playing Catch - Throwing The Baseball Entire Body When kids are taught to throw, often the instruction is watered down into just a couple of steps. The act of throwing a baseball is not that simple. Throwing

### Accuplacer Arithmetic Study Guide

Accuplacer Arithmetic Study Guide Section One: Terms Numerator: The number on top of a fraction which tells how many parts you have. Denominator: The number on the bottom of a fraction which tells how

### NCSS Statistical Software

Chapter 256 Introduction This procedure computes summary statistics and common non-parametric, single-sample runs tests for a series of n numeric, binary, or categorical data values. For numeric data,

### AVIATION SAFETY BULLETIN

AVIATION SAFETY BULLETIN Issued: 1 Apr 217 Ref: By: Area Affected: Reason: Effective: Pages: ASB.3.217 Director: Safety and Quality Flight Operations: Rotor wing EASA Notice Loss of Control Immediate 2

### INSTRUCTION FOR FILLING OUT THE JUDGES SPREADSHEET

INSTRUCTION FOR FILLING OUT THE JUDGES SPREADSHEET One Judge Spreadsheet must be distributed to each Judge for each competitor. This document is the only one that the Judge completes. There are no additional

### Nervous System: Reaction Time Student Version

Nervous System: Reaction Time Student Version Key Concepts: Your nervous system allows your body to react to different stimuli (external events) Reactions can be voluntary (eg: swinging a bat at a ball

### Repeated Division. David W. Carraher Mar. 1, 2010

Repeated Division David W. Carraher Mar. 1, 2010 Quantitative Thinking Focus 1: The linear density of numbers and physical quantities How tightly packed are they (when arranged in order)? Focus 2: Mental

### BROCK UNIVERSITY. Name: Student #: Page 1 of 12

Name: Student #: BROCK UNIVERSITY Page 1 of 12 Final Exam: July 2016 Number of pages: 12 (+ formula sheet) Course: PHYS 1P21/1P91 Number of students: 104 Examination date: 9 July 2016 Number of hours:

### Discuss: 1. Instrument Flight Checklist

INST 1 Prerequisites: 1. OFT: Tac 1 2. CBT: Basic Instrument Flight, IFR Navigation I & II Lessons P2 501, P2 502, & P2 503. Discuss: 1. Instrument Flight Checklist NATOPS 13.1.3 Instrument Flight Checklist

### College of Engineering

College of Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering MAE-250, Section 001 Introduction to Aerospace Engineering Final Project Bottle Rocket Written By: Jesse Hansen Connor Petersen

Navigation with Leeway Leeway, as we shall use the term, means how much a vessel is pushed downwind of its intended course when navigating in the presence of wind. To varying extents, knowledge of this

### Flight Computer USER S GUIDE CX3

USER S GUIDE CX3 USER S GUIDE CONTENTS Introduction................ 1 Keypad................... 2 Screen Overview.............. 3 Line Icons................. 3 Battery Indicator.............. 3 Getting

### Top Level of CSC DCS UI

Top Level of CSC DCS UI - CSC normally in central DCS control -cdcs - Central DCS shifter monitors the CSC system, but doesn't take any action without consulting with the CSC shifter - CSC Shifter also

### 3rd Eurocontrol CDO Workshop

Airbus Aircraft Energy management in descent phase using FMS Airbus fleet performance Presented by Alexandre Buisson Airbus Operations, Aircraft Performance Specialist Brussels, March 18 th 2013 Table

### Experiment P18: Buoyant Force (Force Sensor)

PASCO scientific Physics Lab Manual: P18-1 Experiment P18: (Force Sensor) Concept Time SW Interface Macintosh file Windows file Newton's Laws 45 m 300/500/700 P18 P18_BUOY.SWS EQUIPMENT NEEDED CONSUMABLES

### 8.G Bird and Dog Race

8.G Bird and Dog Race Alignments to Content Standards: 8.G.B Task Doug is a dog, and his friend Bert is a bird. They live in Salt Lake City, where the streets are 1/16 miles apart and arranged in a square

### Certified Accuracy. Ring Force Gauge. Models and Capacities Available. Design and Principle of Operation

Certified Accuracy Ring Force Gauge The accurate measurement of mechanical forces is required in hundreds of applications from a simple weighing procedure to the calibration of testing machines and load

### SERVICE BULLETIN. TOPIC: Cylinder NUMBER: SUPERSEDES: NEW DATE: May 15, Indexing Basic Cylinder Height On CFR F-1/F-2 Rating Units

SERVICE BULLETIN TOPIC: Cylinder NUMBER: 4-013 SUPERSEDES: NEW DATE: May 15, 2004 MODELS APPLICABLE TO: TEST METHOD: ROUTE TO: F-1 Research D 2699 F-2 Motor D 2700 F-1/F-2 Combination D 2699, D 2700 F-4

### Relative Humidity Calibration Kit

Relative Humidity Calibration Kit For calibrating the following Kestrel Meters Model Numbers 3000, 3500, 4000, 4200, 4250, 4300, 4400, 4500, 4600 (Not to be used for calibrating Kestrel 5 Series units

A-License Information Packet 1. Objective The objective of this packet is to review several parts of the United States Parachute Association (USPA) A License Proficiency Card and to learn additional aspects

### "How To Make Amateur Rockets" Software Manual

USERS MANUAL For How to Make Amateur Rockets Software The software programs are designed to run on Windows 95, 98, ME or XP (Home Edition). Follow the installation instructions supplied with the CD and

### Decimals Worksheets. The decimal point separates the whole numbers from the fractional part of a number.

Decimal Place Values The decimal point separates the whole numbers from the fractional part of a number. 8.09 In a whole number the decimal point is all the way to the right, even if it is not shown in

### NIOSH Equation Outputs: Recommended Weight Limit (RWL): Lifting Index (LI):

The NIOSH Equation is a tool used by occupational health and safety professionals to assess the manual material handling risks associated with lifting and lowering tasks in the workplace. This equation

### INTRODUCTION TO NETWORK WIND 3 MOUNTING THE UNIT 14 SELECTING THE DISPLAY MODE 5 ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS 17

CONTENTS CONTENTS 1 INSTALLATION 14 GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO B&G NETWORK 2 SITING THE UNIT 14 INTRODUCTION TO NETWORK WIND 3 MOUNTING THE UNIT 14 EXAMPLE SYSTEMS USING NETWORK WIND 4 SPECIFICATION 16 SELECTING

### V mca (and the conditions that affect it)

V mca (and the conditions that affect it) V mca, the minimum airspeed at which an airborne multiengine airplane is controllable with an inoperative engine under a standard set of conditions, is arguably

### CHHS BAND LEADERSHIP SELECTION PROCESS VISUAL COMPONENT. The visual component of the leadership selection process will consist of two parts:

Introduction The visual component of the leadership selection process will consist of two parts: 1. A written test assessing your knowledge of the dot system. 2. A marching audition video that will be

### 6.0 OPERATING CONDITIONS. 6.1 Jet Engine Exhaust Velocities and Temperatures 6.2 Airport and Community Noise

6. OPERATING CONDITIONS 6.1 Jet Engine Exhaust Velocities and Temperatures 6.2 Airport and Community Noise DISTANCE FROM AIRPLANE CL 8 1 PLAN 4 4 NOTES: 1. ENGINE CF6-8C2 2. THESE CONTOURS ARE TO BE USED

### Introduction. Physics E-1a Expt 4a: Conservation of Momentum and Fall 2006 The Ballistic Pendulum

Physics E-1a Expt 4a: Conservation of Momentum and Fall 2006 The Ballistic Pendulum Introduction Preparation: Before coming to lab, read this lab handout and the suggested reading in Giancoli (through

### Unit 3 Trigonometry. 3.1 Use Trigonometry to Find Lengths

Topic : Goal : Unit 3 Trigonometry trigonometry I can use the primary trig ratios to find the lengths of sides in a right triangle 3.1 Use Trigonometry to Find Lengths In any right triangle, we name the

### Movement and Position

Movement and Position Syllabus points: 1.2 plot and interpret distance-time graphs 1.3 know and use the relationship between average speed, distance moved and 1.4 describe experiments to investigate the

### Key. counterweight. Lifting capacities on outriggers 360. Superlift

Specifications Dimensions Lifting capacities main boom with Superlift Lifting capacities main boom Working ranges main boom Working ranges main boom extension Working ranges fixed fly jib Working ranges

### End of Chapter Exercises

End of Chapter Exercises Exercises 1 12 are conceptual questions that are designed to see if you have understood the main concepts of the chapter. 1. While on an airplane, you take a drink from your water

### Aerobatic Trimming Chart

Aerobatic Trimming Chart From RCU - Chip Hyde addresses his view of Engine/Motor thrust. I run almost no right thrust in my planes and use the thottle to rudd mix at 2% left rudd. to throttle at idle.