Exercise and Respiration Rate

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Exercise and Respiration Rate"

Transcription

1 Activity 17 PS-2820 Physiology: Breathing, respiration rate Exercise and Respiration Rate DataStudio GLX setup file: respiration.glx Qty Equipment and Materials Part Number 1 PASPORT Xplorer GLX PS PASPORT Respiration Rate Sensor PS-2133 Purpose The purpose of the activity is to record respiration rate (breathing rate) before and after exercise. Background Respiration rate is the number of breaths taken each minute (a breath is one inhalation and one exhalation). Respiration rate depends on several factors: altitude, lung capacity, health, and level of activity. Higher altitudes and levels of activity would tend to increase respiration rate. Larger lung capacity and generally good health would tend to decrease respiration rate. The lungs are two football-sized spongy bags filled with millions of smaller recesses, where oxygen enters the blood and carbon dioxide leaves the blood. The lungs fill the chest cavity between the neck and the bottom of the rib cage. The lungs contain no muscles and are not able to expand and contract on their own. The size of the lungs is controlled by a sheet of muscles called the diaphragm that forms the floor of the chest cavity and the intercostal located between pairs of ribs. When inhaling, the diaphragm contracts and drops down. The ribs expand outward, making the chest cavity larger. This causes the pressure in the cavity to decrease, resulting in air being drawn into the lungs which causes them to expand. During exhalation, the diaphragm relaxes and moves up, and the ribs settle down. The cavity is made smaller, causing the pressure to increase and results in the lungs contracting and forcing carbon dioxide-laden air out of the lungs. Therefore, breathing air in and out is simply a mechanical process related to pressure changes caused by the increase and decrease of the chest cavity size. The lungs have two ways to increase oxygen intake in response to a changing demand during exercise. One is to breathe faster (respiratory rate) and the other is to breathe deeper (volume). Pre-lab Questions Measure the rate of breathing before, during, and after exercise. Compare the respiration rate before exercise to the respiration rate after exercise and to the respiration rate during a recovery period after exercise. 1. How will respiration rate change with exercise? 2. How will the respiration rate before, during, and after exercise for females compare to the respiration rate before, during, and after exercise for males? Biology with Xplorer GLX 2005 PASCO p. 111

2 Safety Precautions Follow all directions for using the equipment. This activity requires the person whose respiration rate is being measured to perform exercise (e.g., jogging in place for two minutes). Do NOT perform this activity if vigorous exercise will cause discomfort or difficulty in breathing. Procedure GLX Setup 1. The PASPORT Respiration Rate Sensor has two parts a Relative Pressure Sensor and the Respiration Rate Belt. Connect the sensor part to the top of the GLX. The Graph Screen will automatically open with Relative Pressure (kpa) versus Time (s). 2. Open the GLX setup file labeled respiration.glx (see the appendix at the end of this activity). The file is set so the Relative Pressure Sensor records data at 10 measurements per second. Equipment Setup Figure 1: Respiration Rate Sensor Figure 2: Connect sensor to GLX The Respiration Rate Belt is a wide nylon belt that can be wrapped around a person s chest region. The rubber bladder inside the belt has two rubber tubes. One tube has an attached squeeze bulb for inflating the belt. The squeeze bulb has a thumbscrew valve to allow air in the bladder to be released. The other tube connects to the quick-release connector on the end of the Relative Pressure Sensor. The section of the Respiration Rate Belt that contains the rubber bladder has a rectangular piece of pile material attached to one side. The other end of the nylon belt has strips of hook material attached to one side. The hook and pile materials can be used to fasten the sensor in place when it is wrapped around a person s chest or abdomen. 3. Place the belt of the Respiration Rate Sensor around the chest of the person whose breathing rate is going to be measured. Arrange the belt so that the rubber bladder is in front. Use the hook and pile materials on the ends of the belt to fasten it snugly in place. This end first This end second To sensor Biology with Xplorer GLX 2005 PASCO p. 112

3 4. Connect the end of the tube that comes from the rubber bladder to the quick-release connector on the end of the Relative Pressure Sensor. 5. Close the thumbscrew valve (turn it clockwise) on the squeeze bulb of the Respiration Rate Belt. Use the squeeze bulb to inflate the rubber bladder (between ten and twenty squeezes ). The belt should be tight but not uncomfortable. Record Data There are three parts to data recording Measure the resting respiration rate. Measure respiration rate during exercise. Measure respiration rate after exercise. The person who is being measured should sit or stand comfortably. The person will need to breath normally. The person who is being measured should NOT look at the data as it is recorded. Record Data Before, During, and After Exercise This activity is easier to do if one person is in charge of recording data on the GLX and keeping track of time while another person is being measured. 1. Press the Start key on the GLX to start recording data. Remind the person who is being measured to breath normally but NOT look at the data as it is recorded. 2. After sixty seconds, stop data recording. 3. Start recording data again, but have the person who is being measured exercise by jogging in place for one minue. 4. After sixty seconds of exercise, stop data recording. 5. Have the person sit down to relax or stand very still. Start recording data again. Remind the person who is being measured to breath as normally as possible and NOT look at the data as it is recorded. 6. After sixty seconds, stop data recording. Release the pressure in the Respiration Rate Belt and remove the belt. Analysis 1. Use the data displayed in the Graph Screen to determine the respiration rate for each run of data. In the Graph Screen, count the number of peaks in the Relative Pressure versus Time plot for sixty seconds. This is the respiration rate (number of breaths per minute). 2. Record the respiration rate for each run of data in the Data Table. Figure 3: Connect tube to sensor Biology with Xplorer GLX 2005 PASCO p. 113

4 3. Determine your respiration rate before, during, and after exercise. 4. Determine whether there are differences between females and males in respiration rate before, during, and after exercise. Record your results in the Lab Report section Appendix: To open a specific GLX file, go to the home screen (press ). In the home screen, select Data Files and press Activate ( ). Use the cursor keys to navigate to the file you want. Press F1 ( ) to open the file. Biology with Xplorer GLX 2005 PASCO p. 114

5 Lab Report - Activity 17: Respiration Rate Name Date Pre-lab Questions Measure the rate of breathing before, during, and after exercise. Compare the respiration rate before exercise to the respiration rate after exercise and to the respiration rate during a recovery period after exercise. 1. How will respiration rate change with exercise? 2. How will the respiration rate before, during, and after exercise for females compare to the respiration rate before, during, and after exercise for males? Data Make a sketch of one run of Relative Pressure versus Time, including labels for the y- and x- axes. Data Table Data Run Run #1: resting Run #2: exercise Run #3: recovery Respiration Rate Biology with Xplorer GLX 2005 PASCO p. 115

6 Questions 1. How does the respiration rate for exercise compare to the respiration rate for resting? 2. How does the respiration rate for recovery change over time? 3. How did the respiration rate before, during, and after exercise for females compare to the respiration rate before, during, and after exercise for males? 4. In general, how did the respiration rate change for persons who are physically active compare to the respiration rate change for persons who have a more sedentary lifestyle? Biology with Xplorer GLX 2005 PASCO p. 116

Experiment B-43 Respiration Rates

Experiment B-43 Respiration Rates 1 Experiment B-43 Rates Objectives To learn about the lungs and respiration s. To measure respiration s of the students. To compare female and male respiration s. To compare respiration s before and after

More information

Cardiovascular and respiratory adjustments to exercise

Cardiovascular and respiratory adjustments to exercise Cardiovascular and respiratory adjustments to exercise Additional notes on breathing and use of respiratory belt and pulse transducers Notes on breathing The metabolic activities of tissues use up oxygen

More information

Circulation and Respiration: Vital Signs Student Version

Circulation and Respiration: Vital Signs Student Version Circulation and Respiration: Vital Signs Student Version In this lab, you will learn about the circulatory and respiratory systems. You will test the capacity of your lungs, measure your blood pressure

More information

BIOLOGY CONCEPTS & CONNECTIONS Fourth Edition

BIOLOGY CONCEPTS & CONNECTIONS Fourth Edition Slide 1 BIOLOGY CONCEPTS & CONNECTIONS Fourth Edition Neil A. Campbell Jane B. Reece Lawrence G. Mitchell Martha R. Taylor CHAPTER 22 Respiration: The Exchange of Gases Modules 22.1 22.4 From PowerPoint

More information

Human gas exchange. Question Paper. Save My Exams! The Home of Revision. Cambridge International Examinations. 56 minutes. Time Allowed: Score: /46

Human gas exchange. Question Paper. Save My Exams! The Home of Revision. Cambridge International Examinations. 56 minutes. Time Allowed: Score: /46 Human gas exchange Question Paper Level Subject Exam oard Topic Sub Topic ooklet O Level iology ambridge International Examinations Respiration Human gas exchange Question Paper Time llowed: 56 minutes

More information

Students measure the change in pressure by varying the volume of trapped air in a syringe while:

Students measure the change in pressure by varying the volume of trapped air in a syringe while: How Does a Trapped Gas Behave? Teacher Information Objective Students investigate the effect of changes in the volume of a confined gas on pressure at constant temperature. Using the pressure sensor, students

More information

The Human Body. Everyone Needs Healthy Systems. Blood Vessels

The Human Body. Everyone Needs Healthy Systems. Blood Vessels The Human Body Everyone Needs Healthy Systems There are several systems that make up the human body. Although their functions differ, they all work together to keep your body running smoothly. Some of

More information

The Human Respiratory System

The Human Respiratory System The Human Respiratory System Functions of the Respiratory System Circulatory system delivers the food that is broken down by digestive system to the cells Metabolism is when the energy in food is released

More information

Experiment B-3 Respiration

Experiment B-3 Respiration 1 Experiment B-3 Respiration Objectives To study the diffusion process of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the alveoli and pulmonary capillaries. To determine the percentage of oxygen in exhaled air while

More information

Lab: The Effect of Exercise on Cellular Respiration

Lab: The Effect of Exercise on Cellular Respiration Lab: The Effect of Exercise on Cellular Respiration Purpose: To analyze the effect the exercise has on breathing rate, heart rate, and carbon dioxide production Background Information: Cellular respiration

More information

Respiration in Humans is a 3 Step Process. 1) Breathing muscular actions that move air into/out of respiratory passages

Respiration in Humans is a 3 Step Process. 1) Breathing muscular actions that move air into/out of respiratory passages Respiration in Humans is a 3 Step Process 1) Breathing muscular actions that move air into/out of respiratory passages 2)Gas Exchange movement of gases (O 2 and CO 2 ) by diffusion across cell membranes

More information

Homeostasis and Negative Feedback Concepts and Breathing Experiments 1

Homeostasis and Negative Feedback Concepts and Breathing Experiments 1 Homeostasis and Negative Feedback Concepts and Breathing Experiments 1 I. Homeostasis and Negative Feedback Homeostasis refers to the maintenance of relatively constant internal conditions. For example,

More information

Lung Volumes and Capacities

Lung Volumes and Capacities Lung Volumes and Capacities Experiment 19 Measurement of lung volumes provides a tool for understanding normal function of the lungs as well as disease states. The breathing cycle is initiated by expansion

More information

GASEOUS EXCHANGE IN HUMANS 06 AUGUST 2014

GASEOUS EXCHANGE IN HUMANS 06 AUGUST 2014 GASEOUS EXCHANGE IN HUMANS 06 AUGUST 2014 In this lesson we: Lesson Description Look at gaseous exchange in humans in terms of o Ventilation o Inspiration o Expiration o Transport of gases o Homeostatic

More information

THE STUDY OF LUNG VELOCITY UNDER DIFFERENT CONDITIONS

THE STUDY OF LUNG VELOCITY UNDER DIFFERENT CONDITIONS THE STUDY OF LUNG VELOCITY UNDER DIFFERENT CONDITIONS Natasha Chandra Cary Academy ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine which activity made each student have the least lung velocity (L/sec).

More information

GASEOUS EXCHANGE 17 JULY 2013

GASEOUS EXCHANGE 17 JULY 2013 GASEOUS EXCHANGE 17 JULY 2013 Lesson Description In this lesson we: Discuss what is gaseous exchange? Consider requirements of an efficient gaseous exchange surface. Look at diversity in gas exchange systems.

More information

A Liter a Lung Measuring Lung Capacity

A Liter a Lung Measuring Lung Capacity A Liter a Lung Measuring Lung Capacity OBJECTIVE In this investigation, students will compare the actual and expected vital capacities of their classmates. LEVEL Middle Grades Life Science CONNECTIONS

More information

The Respiratory System

The Respiratory System The Respiratory System (pages 112 120) Respiratory System Functions (pages 113 114) Key Concept: The respiratory system moves oxygen from the outside environment into the body. It also removes carbon dioxide

More information

Activity P07: Acceleration of a Cart (Acceleration Sensor, Motion Sensor)

Activity P07: Acceleration of a Cart (Acceleration Sensor, Motion Sensor) Activity P07: Acceleration of a Cart (Acceleration Sensor, Motion Sensor) Equipment Needed Qty Equipment Needed Qty Acceleration Sensor (CI-6558) 1 Dynamics Cart (inc. w/ Track) 1 Motion Sensor (CI-6742)

More information

Respiratory Pulmonary Ventilation

Respiratory Pulmonary Ventilation Respiratory Pulmonary Ventilation Pulmonary Ventilation Pulmonary ventilation is the act of breathing and the first step in the respiratory process. Pulmonary ventilation brings in air with a new supply

More information

Measuring Lung Capacity

Measuring Lung Capacity Measuring Lung Capacity 1 Name Measuring Lung Capacity Background Information: We need a constant supply of oxygen in order to stay alive. We use oxygen to break down food to release energy and produce

More information

1. Photosynthesis and Light. See real-time evidence that light causes photosynthesis to occur!

1. Photosynthesis and Light. See real-time evidence that light causes photosynthesis to occur! Y OU LIGHT UP MY LIFE 1. Photosynthesis and Light You Light Up My Life Student Instruction Sheet Challenge See real-time evidence that light causes photosynthesis to occur! Equipment and Materials computer

More information

Measuring Lung Capacity

Measuring Lung Capacity Name Class Date Chapter 37 Circulatory and Respiratory Systems Measuring Lung Capacity Introduction The amount of air that you move in and out of your lungs depends on how quickly you are breathing. The

More information

SWAN CANNING RIVERPARK

SWAN CANNING RIVERPARK Riverpark Dolphin Junior Background information Dolphins are mammals. Unlike fish, they do not have gills and cannot stay permanently underwater, they must come to the surface to breathe air at regular

More information

The Respiratory System

The Respiratory System Name Date Class The Respiratory System This section describes the parts of the respiratory system and how they work to help you breathe and speak. Use Target Reading Skills As you read, complete the flowchart

More information

The Respiratory System

The Respiratory System Respiration and Excretion Name Date Class The Respiratory System This section describes the parts of the respiratory system and how they work to help you breathe and speak. Use Target Reading Skills As

More information

The Respiratory System

The Respiratory System Name Date Class The Respiratory System (pages 564-572) Respiratory System Functions (pages 565-566) Key Concept: The respiratory system moves oxygen from the outside environment into the body. It also

More information

(A) The partial pressure in the lungs is higher than in the blood, and oxygen diffuses out of the lungs passively.

(A) The partial pressure in the lungs is higher than in the blood, and oxygen diffuses out of the lungs passively. DAT Biology - Problem Drill 12: The Respiratory System Question No. 1 of 10 1. Which statement about the partial pressure of oxygen inside the lungs is correct? Question #01 (A) The partial pressure in

More information

LAB 7 HUMAN RESPIRATORY LAB. Complete the charts on pgs. 67 and 68 and read directions for using BIOPAC

LAB 7 HUMAN RESPIRATORY LAB. Complete the charts on pgs. 67 and 68 and read directions for using BIOPAC 66 LAB 7 HUMAN RESPIRATORY LAB Assignments: Due before lab: Quiz: Three Respiratory Interactive Physiology Animations pages 69 73. Complete the charts on pgs. 67 and 68 and read directions for using BIOPAC

More information

Circulatory And Respiration

Circulatory And Respiration Circulatory And Respiration Composition Of Blood Blood Heart 200mmHg 120mmHg Aorta Artery Arteriole 50mmHg Capillary Bed Venule Vein Vena Cava Heart Differences Between Arteries and Veins Veins transport

More information

Animal Systems: The Respiratory System

Animal Systems: The Respiratory System Animal Systems: The Respiratory System Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things Cells, Cell Division, and Animal Systems and Plant Systems Cell Specialization Human Systems The Digestive The Circulatory

More information

G622. APPLIED SCIENCE Monitoring the Activity of the Human Body ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY GCE. Thursday 27 May 2010 Afternoon. Duration: 1 hour 30 minutes

G622. APPLIED SCIENCE Monitoring the Activity of the Human Body ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY GCE. Thursday 27 May 2010 Afternoon. Duration: 1 hour 30 minutes ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY GCE APPLIED SCIENCE Monitoring the Activity of the Human Body G622 *OCE/17533* Candidates answer on the Question Paper OCR Supplied Materials: None Other Materials Required: Electronic

More information

SCIENCE 8 RESPIRATION

SCIENCE 8 RESPIRATION SCIENCE 8 RESPIRATION WHEN WE BREATHE, WHAT DO WE BREATHE IN? O2, N2, CO2, O3, NO2 (gas fumes), CO, pollutant, fragrants, toxins, etc. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF BREATHING IN? WHAT DOES OUR BODY WANT? O2 WHY?

More information

Respiratory System. Part 2

Respiratory System. Part 2 Respiratory System Part 2 Respiration Exchange of gases between air and body cells Three steps 1. Ventilation 2. External respiration 3. Internal respiration Ventilation Pulmonary ventilation consists

More information

Most organisms on Earth are aerobic. Meaning, they require oxygen to survive.

Most organisms on Earth are aerobic. Meaning, they require oxygen to survive. Most organisms on Earth are aerobic. Meaning, they require oxygen to survive. The basic function of the respiratory system is to take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide A system that provides a large

More information

Gas Exchange. Respiratory System Chapter 22. Bozeman Intro to the Respiratory System

Gas Exchange. Respiratory System Chapter 22. Bozeman Intro to the Respiratory System Gas Exchange Respiratory System Chapter 22 Bozeman Intro to the Respiratory System Surviving Thin Air The high mountains of the Himalayas Have claimed the lives of even the world s top mountain climbers

More information

NOTES: CH 42, part 2 - Gas Exchange in Animals

NOTES: CH 42, part 2 - Gas Exchange in Animals NOTES: CH 42, part 2 - Gas Exchange in Animals Functions of the Respiratory System: 1) Air distribution / gaseous exchange; 2) Filter, warm & humidify air we breathe; 3) Influence speech; 4) Help maintain

More information

How Much Air Can You Exhale?

How Much Air Can You Exhale? 11 LESSON How Much Air Can You Exhale? INTRODUCTION In the first part of this module, you discovered that the large surface area of the small intestine enables it to absorb large quantities of nutrients.

More information

Physiology of Respiration

Physiology of Respiration Physiology of Respiration External Respiration = pulmonary ventilation breathing involves 2 processes: inspiration expiration Inspiration an active process involves contraction of diaphragm innervated

More information

What is breathing an respiration?

What is breathing an respiration? LE SSON 15 What is breathing an respiration? You need energy to live. So do birds, trees, and bacteria. All living things need energy to carry out the life processes. And, there can be no life without

More information

Hyperventilation. This leaflet is a continuation of the relaxation pack which looks at anxiety and panic attacks

Hyperventilation. This leaflet is a continuation of the relaxation pack which looks at anxiety and panic attacks Hyperventilation This leaflet is a continuation of the relaxation pack which looks at anxiety and panic attacks 21a Hursley Road, Chandlers Ford, Eastleigh, Hants, SO53 2FS Tel no. 02380 240600 E-mail.

More information

Respiratory Physiology Gaseous Exchange

Respiratory Physiology Gaseous Exchange Respiratory Physiology Gaseous Exchange Session Objectives. What you will cover Basic anatomy of the lung including airways Breathing movements Lung volumes and capacities Compliance and Resistance in

More information

Respiratory Response to Physiologic Challenges. Evaluation copy

Respiratory Response to Physiologic Challenges. Evaluation copy Respiratory Response to Physiologic Challenges Computer 20 The respiratory cycle of inspiration and expiration is controlled by complex mechanisms involving neurons in the cerebral cortex, brain stem,

More information

The table shows the effect of exercise on the action of one person s heart. Heart rate in beats per minute

The table shows the effect of exercise on the action of one person s heart. Heart rate in beats per minute ## (a) The table shows the effect of exercise on the action of one person s heart. At rest During exercise Heart rate in beats per minute 7 165 Volume of blood leaving the heart in each beat in cm 3 Heart

More information

inquiry question How does the respiratory system contribute to energy production for movement? UNCORRECTED PAGE PROOFS

inquiry question How does the respiratory system contribute to energy production for movement? UNCORRECTED PAGE PROOFS inquiry question How does the respiratory system contribute to energy production for movement? chapter 7 Structure and functions of the respiratory system The respiratory system is the starting point for

More information

Respiration in Organisms MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS NCERT

Respiration in Organisms MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS NCERT 10 Respiration in Organisms MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. Sometimes when we do heavy exercise, anaerobic respiration takes place in our muscle cells. What is produced during this process? alcohol and lactic

More information

Exploring the Properties of Gases

Exploring the Properties of Gases Exploring the Properties of Gases LabQuest 30 The purpose of this investigation is to conduct a series of experiments, each of which illustrates a different gas law. You will be given a list of equipment

More information

PRESSURE-TEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIP IN GASES

PRESSURE-TEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIP IN GASES PRESSURE-TEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIP IN GASES LAB PS2.PALM INTRODUCTION Gases are made up of molecules that are in constant motion and exert pressure when they collide with the walls of their container. The

More information

Exploring the Properties of Gases

Exploring the Properties of Gases Computer 30 The purpose of this investigation is to conduct a series of experiments, each of which illustrates a different gas law. You will be given a list of equipment and materials and some general

More information

Evaluation copy. Vapor Pressure of Liquids. computer OBJECTIVES MATERIALS

Evaluation copy. Vapor Pressure of Liquids. computer OBJECTIVES MATERIALS Vapor Pressure of Liquids Computer 10 In this experiment, you will investigate the relationship between the vapor pressure of a liquid and its temperature. When a liquid is added to the Erlenmeyer flask

More information

Exploring the Properties of Gases. Evaluation copy. 10 cm in diameter and 25 cm high)

Exploring the Properties of Gases. Evaluation copy. 10 cm in diameter and 25 cm high) Exploring the Properties of Gases Computer 30 The purpose of this investigation is to conduct a series of experiments, each of which illustrates a different gas law. You will be given a list of equipment

More information

Experiment B-18 Heart Rate and Coughing

Experiment B-18 Heart Rate and Coughing 1 Experiment B-18 Heart Rate and Coughing Objectives To study the changes in heart rate at rest and after coughing. Modules and Sensors PC + NeuLog application USB-200 module NUL-208 Heart rate & pulse

More information

Hyperventilation Guide

Hyperventilation Guide NHS Fife Department of Psychology Hyperventilation Guide Help Yourself @ moodcafe.co.uk Hyperventilation Hyperventilation means breathing in more than your body needs. Another way to describe it is to

More information

Unit 15 Manual Resuscitators

Unit 15 Manual Resuscitators 15-1 Unit 15 Manual Resuscitators GOAL On completion of this unit, the student should comprehend the proper operation of self-inflating resuscitation bags, flow-inflating resuscitation bags and gas-powered

More information

GAS EXCHANGE IN ANIMALS

GAS EXCHANGE IN ANIMALS GAS EXCHANGE IN ANIMALS We will be studying the diversity of adaptations for this process in two animal groups: Fish Mammals AN OVERVIEW Cellular respiration requires O 2 and produces CO 2 : C 6 H 12 O

More information

Boyle s Law VC 09. Experiment 9: Gas Laws. Abstract

Boyle s Law VC 09. Experiment 9: Gas Laws. Abstract Experiment 9: Gas Laws VC 09 Abstract In this laboratory activity, you will experimentally confirm Boyle s Law, determine absolute zero from Gay-Lussac's Law, and determine the molecular weight of acetone,

More information

Pop Quiz. What produces mucus, HCl and pepsinogen in the stomach? List a water soluable vitamin What is a ruminant stomach?

Pop Quiz. What produces mucus, HCl and pepsinogen in the stomach? List a water soluable vitamin What is a ruminant stomach? Pop Quiz What produces mucus, HCl and pepsinogen in the stomach? List a water soluable vitamin What is a ruminant stomach? Respiratory System Review Cellular respiration: obtain glucose and oxygen, get

More information

ACTIVITY 17: GAS EXCHANGE Period

ACTIVITY 17: GAS EXCHANGE Period ACTIVITY 17: GAS EXCHANGE Name Period SYSTEMS ANALYSIS: Complete the system analysis for the experiment performed in the Conservation of Mass: Chemical Change lab. Be sure to follow the systems analysis

More information

Vapor Pressure of Liquids

Vapor Pressure of Liquids Vapor Pressure of Liquids In this experiment, you will investigate the relationship between the vapor pressure of a liquid and its temperature. When a liquid is added to the Erlenmeyer flask shown in Figure

More information

ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY GCE G622 APPLIED SCIENCE

ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY GCE G622 APPLIED SCIENCE ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY GCE APPLIED SCIENCE Unit 3: Monitoring the activity of the human body TUESDAY 5 JUNE 2007 G622 Afternoon *CUP/T21601* Additional materials: Electronic calculator Ruler (cm/mm) Time:

More information

Respiration 6/24/08. External respiration: exchange of gases between air (at the lungs) and blood

Respiration 6/24/08. External respiration: exchange of gases between air (at the lungs) and blood 6/24/08 A. Breathing 1. A How to Guide - The active pumping of air in and out through the lungs is called breathing. The lungs are filled by suction - the expansion of the chest cavity draws air into the

More information

Question 1: Define vital capacity. What is its significance? Vital capacity is the maximum volume of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inspiration. It is about 3.5 4.5 litres in the human body. It

More information

Method of measuring bodytemperature. Temperature: Body temperature is the degree of heat maintained by the body. Heat is lost

Method of measuring bodytemperature. Temperature: Body temperature is the degree of heat maintained by the body. Heat is lost VITAL SIGNS What do you mean by VITAL SIGNS? Ms. Esther Jennifer STAFF NURSE - ICU World largest thermometer Vital signs include 1. body temperature, 2. pulse, 3. respiration and 4. blood pressure. IMPORTANCE:

More information

Respiratory System 1

Respiratory System 1 Respiratory System 1 Outline Respiratory structures Gills Air-Breathing Animals Amphibians and Reptiles Mammals Birds Structures and Mechanisms of Breathing 2 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

More information

Medical Instruments in the Developing World

Medical Instruments in the Developing World 2.2 Ventilators 2.2.1 Clinical Use and Principles of Operation Many patients in an intensive care and the operating room require the mechanical ventilation of their lungs. All thoracic surgery patients,

More information

Unit 8 B: Respiration

Unit 8 B: Respiration Unit 8 B: Respiration Respiration: Respiration is a chemical reaction that happens in all living cells. It is the way that energy is released from glucose, for our cells to use to keep us functioning.

More information

(a) (i) Describe how a large difference in oxygen concentration is maintained between a fish gill and the surrounding water.

(a) (i) Describe how a large difference in oxygen concentration is maintained between a fish gill and the surrounding water. 1. Answers should be written in continuous prose. Credit will be given for biological accuracy, the organisation and presentation of information and the way in which an answer is expressed. Fick s law

More information

Add this important safety precaution to your normal laboratory procedures:

Add this important safety precaution to your normal laboratory procedures: Student Activity Worksheet Speed and Velocity Are You Speeding? Driving Question What is speed and how is it related to velocity? Materials and Equipment For each student or group: Data collection system

More information

Biology 347 General Physiology Lab Human Diving Response

Biology 347 General Physiology Lab Human Diving Response Biology 347 General Physiology Lab Human Diving Response Objectives Students will measure the heart and breathing rates of a subject at rest. Students will measure the heart and breathing rates of a subject

More information

EXERCISE GUIDE STRENGTHEN YOUR CORE

EXERCISE GUIDE STRENGTHEN YOUR CORE EXERCISE GUIDE STRENGTHEN YOUR CORE BACK EXTENSION WITH BALL Rest your belly on the ball, feet planted wide apart on the floor behind you and hands resting on your lower back. Peel your chest away from

More information

Introduction to Breathing Script

Introduction to Breathing Script 1 Introduction to Breathing Script About fifteen minutes. The breath is a remarkably powerful mind-body connection, and in this video I shall be showing some different styles of breathing that can be used

More information

O 6 = 6 CO H 2 O H 2 = 16 CO 2. consumed during the oxidation of fatty acids, a ratio of 0.7.

O 6 = 6 CO H 2 O H 2 = 16 CO 2. consumed during the oxidation of fatty acids, a ratio of 0.7. Experiment HE-4: Respiratory Exchange Ratio (RER) Background The two sources of energy available for human metabolism are carbohydrates (CHO) and fats. These molecules are broken down, or catabolized,

More information

Model UB-328. Wrist Digital Blood Pressure Monitor. Instruction Manual. Manuel d instructions. Manual de Instrucciones. Manuale di Istruzioni

Model UB-328. Wrist Digital Blood Pressure Monitor. Instruction Manual. Manuel d instructions. Manual de Instrucciones. Manuale di Istruzioni Wrist Digital Blood Pressure Monitor Model UB-328 Instruction Manual Manuel d instructions Manual de Instrucciones Manuale di Istruzioni WM+PD4000913 ENGLISH Dear Customers Congratulations. You have purchased

More information

Related KidsHealth Links

Related KidsHealth Links K to Grade 2 Human Body Series KidsHealth.org/classroom Teacher s Guide This guide includes: Standards Related Links Discussion Questions Activities for Students Reproducible Materials Standards This guide

More information

Air-Mate High Efficiency Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR) Staff Training Module

Air-Mate High Efficiency Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR) Staff Training Module Air-Mate High Efficiency Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR) Staff Training Module PRES0389 7/05-1 Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPR) Reduce the risk of transmission of infectious agents spread

More information

iworx Sample Lab Experiment HE-5: Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR)

iworx Sample Lab Experiment HE-5: Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) Experiment HE-5: Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) Before Starting 1. Read the procedures for the experiment completely before beginning the experiment. Have a good understanding of how to perform the experiment

More information

Biology Project. Investigate and compare the quantitative effects of changing,

Biology Project. Investigate and compare the quantitative effects of changing, Biology Project Investigate and compare the quantitative effects of changing, (i) the duration of light physical and (ii) the time elapsed since the stopped on the pulse rate of a person. www.mrcjcs.com

More information

Respiration - Human 1

Respiration - Human 1 Respiration - Human 1 At the end of the lectures on respiration you should be able to, 1. Describe events in the respiratory processes 2. Discuss the mechanism of lung ventilation in human 3. Discuss the

More information

Comparative Physiology 2007 First Midterm Exam. 1) 16 pts. 2) 12 pts. 3) 40 pts. 4) 10 pts. 5) 17 pts. 6) 5 pts. Total

Comparative Physiology 2007 First Midterm Exam. 1) 16 pts. 2) 12 pts. 3) 40 pts. 4) 10 pts. 5) 17 pts. 6) 5 pts. Total Name Comparative Physiology 2007 First Midterm Exam 1) 16 pts 2) 12 pts 3) 40 pts 4) 10 pts 5) 17 pts 6) 5 pts Total 1. All vertebrates yawn, yet we don t know why. A) Propose a possible functional explanation

More information

Capnography in the Veterinary Technician Toolbox. Katie Pinner BS, LVT Bush Advanced Veterinary Imaging Richmond, VA

Capnography in the Veterinary Technician Toolbox. Katie Pinner BS, LVT Bush Advanced Veterinary Imaging Richmond, VA Capnography in the Veterinary Technician Toolbox Katie Pinner BS, LVT Bush Advanced Veterinary Imaging Richmond, VA What are Respiration and Ventilation? Respiration includes all those chemical and physical

More information

How Animals Survive (Circulation and Gas Exchange)

How Animals Survive (Circulation and Gas Exchange) How Animals Survive (Circulation and Gas Exchange) by Flourence Octaviano on February 16, 2018 lesson duration of 30 minutes under Earth and Life Science generated on February 16, 2018 at 12:45 am Tags:

More information

Effect Of Kapal Bhati On Vital Capacity

Effect Of Kapal Bhati On Vital Capacity Effect Of Kapal Bhati On Vital Capacity * Dr.Sanjeev Sakiya ** Dr.Susanta Kumar Panda (Asst. Prof. GDC, Lalitpur) (Asst. Prof. Lovely Univ. Chandigarh) Abstract The present investigation was undertaken

More information

Experiment 11: The Ideal Gas Law

Experiment 11: The Ideal Gas Law Experiment 11: The Ideal Gas Law The behavior of an ideal gas is described by its equation of state, PV = nrt. You will look at two special cases of this. Part 1: Determination of Absolute Zero. You will

More information

Introduction. Respiration. Chapter 10. Objectives. Objectives. The Respiratory System

Introduction. Respiration. Chapter 10. Objectives. Objectives. The Respiratory System Introduction Respiration Chapter 10 The Respiratory System Provides a means of gas exchange between the environment and the body Plays a role in the regulation of acidbase balance during exercise Objectives

More information

Internal Anatomy of Fish

Internal Anatomy of Fish Internal Anatomy of Fish The Systems of a Fish Skeletal System Muscular System Respiratory System Digestive System Circulatory System Nervous System Reproductive System Special Organs Skeletal System

More information

Please, after a carefully reading of given references, answer the following questions:

Please, after a carefully reading of given references, answer the following questions: Report Session 1: Introduction of Respiratory System Student 1 name: Student 2 name: Questionnaire Please, after a carefully reading of given references, answer the following questions: (1) How gas exchange

More information

MSA AUER SSR 90 [K60]

MSA AUER SSR 90 [K60] Operating Manual MSA AUER SSR 90 [K60] EN 13794 K/60/S Order No. 10112006/00 MSA AUER GmbH Thiemannstrasse 1 D-12059 Berlin Germany MSA AUER GmbH. All rights reserved MSA Contents Contents 1 Safety Regulations...

More information

(Slide 1) Lecture Notes: Respiratory System

(Slide 1) Lecture Notes: Respiratory System (Slide 1) Lecture Notes: Respiratory System I. (Slide 2) The Respiratory Tract A) Major structures and regions of the respiratory Tract/Route INTO body 1) nose 2) nasal cavity 3) pharynx 4) glottis 5)

More information

Parametric Ball Toss TEACHER NOTES MATH NSPIRED. Math Objectives. Vocabulary. About the Lesson. TI-Nspire Navigator System

Parametric Ball Toss TEACHER NOTES MATH NSPIRED. Math Objectives. Vocabulary. About the Lesson. TI-Nspire Navigator System Math Objectives Students will be able to use parametric equations to represent the height of a ball as a function of time as well as the path of a ball that has been thrown straight up. Students will be

More information

FUNCTIONAL FITNESS ASSESSMENT PROTOCOL AND TESTING STANDARDS

FUNCTIONAL FITNESS ASSESSMENT PROTOCOL AND TESTING STANDARDS FUNCTIONAL FITNESS ASSESSMENT PROTOCOL AND TESTING STANDARDS The functional fitness assessment tests MUST be performed consecutively in the following order with the prescribed rest periods between tests.

More information

BR-2444 ROWING MACHINE

BR-2444 ROWING MACHINE BR-2444 ROWING MACHINE Important Safety Information Please keep this manual in a safe place for reference. 1. It is important to read this entire manual before assembling and using the equipment. Safe

More information

Activities: Horse Handling STAFFING

Activities: Horse Handling STAFFING Activities: Horse Handling STAFFING These activities require one horse and handler team per student, plus an instructor, one safety person, and an example horse, ideally with a handler. All staff members

More information

C-1 C-7. C-6 Short air tubing Upper Velcro straps. C-a C-5 C-2 C-4 C-3 B-1 B-9 B-10 B-2 B-7 B-8 B-3 B-6 D-1 D-2 D-13 D-3 D-12 D-10 D-11 D-4 D-5 D-8

C-1 C-7. C-6 Short air tubing Upper Velcro straps. C-a C-5 C-2 C-4 C-3 B-1 B-9 B-10 B-2 B-7 B-8 B-3 B-6 D-1 D-2 D-13 D-3 D-12 D-10 D-11 D-4 D-5 D-8 A Forehead support Forehead pads C Mask Frame Mask Elbow Cushion clip Mask Cushion C-7 C-1 Vent cover Ports cap Cuff ActiveCell C-6 Short air tubing Upper Velcro straps Swivel Lower Velcro straps Headgear

More information

7 Gas exchange in humans

7 Gas exchange in humans Class: Name: ( ) Date: 7 Gas exchange in humans 7.1 The human breathing system (Book 1B, p. 7-3) Cells carry out (1) to release energy for cellular activities. To ensure the supply of (2) to cells and

More information

Using a Filtering Facepiece Respirator

Using a Filtering Facepiece Respirator Using a Filtering Facepiece Respirator What s a filtering facepiece respirator? A device that is worn to protect your lungs from airborne particles. For example, they may be used for exposures to some

More information

UNIFYING CONCEPTS OF ANIMAL CIRCULATION

UNIFYING CONCEPTS OF ANIMAL CIRCULATION UNIFYING CONCEPTS OF ANIMAL CIRCULATION Every organism must exchange materials with its environment, relying upon diffusion, the spontaneous movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to

More information

iworx Sample Lab Experiment HE-5: Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR)

iworx Sample Lab Experiment HE-5: Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) Experiment HE-5: Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) Before Starting 1. Read the procedures for the experiment completely before beginning the experiment. Have a good understanding of how to perform the experiment

More information

EXPERIMENT 12 GAS LAWS ( BOYLE S AND GAY-LUSSAC S LAW)

EXPERIMENT 12 GAS LAWS ( BOYLE S AND GAY-LUSSAC S LAW) EXPERIMENT 12 GAS LAWS ( BOYLE S AND GAY-LUSSAC S LAW) INTRODUCTION: In order to specify fully the condition of a gas it is necessary to know its pressure, volume, and temperature. This quantities are

More information

Ab Plank with Straight Leg Raise

Ab Plank with Straight Leg Raise Ab Plank with Straight Leg Raise Position yourself face up with your knees bent at 90 degrees, feet flat on the floor. Your hands should be directly under your shoulders facing forward. While in this position

More information

1. Harry investigated the effects of fizzy cola drink on his heart rate.

1. Harry investigated the effects of fizzy cola drink on his heart rate. 1. Harry investigated the effects of fizzy cola drink on his heart rate. First he measured his heart rate every minute for 5 minutes when sitting down. Then he drank some cola. He continued to measure

More information