1 Crew Training We Will Cover: Section A: Crew Efficiency Factors, Risk Factors and Team Coordination Training BCM AUX through BCM AUX Section B: Physical Fitness, First Aid and Survival BCM AUX through BCM AUX 1 1
2 Crew Training References: COMDTINST M A, Auxiliary Boat Crew Qualification Guide COMDTINST M C, Boat Crew Seamanship Manual COMDTINST M E, Auxiliary Operations Policy Manual 2 2
3 BCM AUX Crew Fatigue Symptoms Inability to focus, concentrate, narrowed attention span Mental confusion or judgment error Increased irritability Decreased performance Decreased concern for safety 3 3
4 BCM AUX Crew Fatigue Prevention Adequate crew rest Dress appropriately for weather Rotate crew duties Provide food and refreshments suitable for conditions Observe other crew members for crew fatigue (TCT) GAR 4 4
5 BCM AUX Personal Physical Requirements and Policy Each crew member must be mentally and physically capable of carrying out any and all functions included in the Boat Crew Guide. 5 5
6 BCM AUX Team Coordination Training (TCT) Elements of TCT Effective Leadership Effective Mission Analysis Adaptability and Flexibility Situational Awareness Decision Making Effective Communication Assertiveness 6 6
7 BCM AUX Team Coordination Training Your responsibility towards TCT Communicate with team, parrot commands Inform crew/coxswain if you don t understand Let crew/coxswain know if you think there s danger Watch for abnormal behavior from team members 7 7
8 BCM AUX Team Coordination Training Your responsibility towards TCT (cont d) Help keep everyone aware of what s happening or changing Constantly access risks of team s actions Assist with the briefing and debriefing Ensure higher authority is fully aware of facts to assist you in decision making 8 8
9 BCM AUX Complete the Incident Command System (ICS) Courses Required for Crew: ICS 100: Introduction to ICS ICS 700: National Incident Management System Required for Coxswain: ICS 200: ICS for Single Resources and Initial Action Incidents ICS 800: National Response Framework ICS 210: Initial Incident Command ICS classes located at: 9 9
10 BCM AUX Crew First Aid Responsibility Provide first aid commensurate with the level of training and certification you ve received
11 BCM AUX Sun and Head Related Factors Prevention for sun related illnesses Stay in the shade Rotate duties Drink plenty of fluids Use sunscreen Wear protective clothing Wear sunglasses 11 11
12 BCM AUX Sun and Head Related Factors Sunburn Symptoms: redness, pain, swelling, blisters Treatment: cool off, apply aloe, cover with clean cloth, don t pop blisters, OTC pain meds if req d Dehydration Symptoms: dry mouth, dizzy, headache, difficulty breathing, tingling in arms/legs, incoherent speech, uncoordinated walking, cramping in legs/stomach Treatment: cool down, hydrate, shade, electrolytes, treat for shock, contact medical 12 12
13 BCM AUX Sun and Head Related Factors Heat Cramps Symptoms: cramps/pain, legs drawn up, excessive sweating Treatment: rest, cool down, drink water/gatorade, place IV if bad, contact medical if it gets worse Heat Rash Symptoms: pink/red lesions, skin irritation, frequent severe itching Treatment: get out of the environment, wash with soap & water, pat dry, ventilate clothing, apply ice packs, apply cortisone as req d 13 13
14 BCM AUX Sun and Head Related Factors Heat Exhaustion Symptoms: may collapse, pounding heart, profuse sweating, nausea, pale skin, restless Treatment: cool down immediately, drink water/gatorade, get in A/C or shower, loosen clothing, treat for shock, get medical attention Heat Stroke Symptoms: red hot dry skin, headache, weak rapid pulse, confusion, no coordination Treatment: cool down immediately, drink water/gatorade, get in A/C or shower, loosen clothing, treat for shock, 911 immediately 14 14
15 BCM AUX Symptoms and Treatment for Shock Symptoms: Fast heart rate, confused, tired, chest pain, nauseous/diarrhea, clammy pale skin Treatment: Call 911, lay them down, keep them warm and comfortable, elevate legs, monitor Airway/Breathing/Circulation (ABCs), stay with them until help arrives 15 15
16 BCM AUX Symptoms and Treatment for Anaphylactic Shock (Allergic Reaction) Symptoms: Flushed skin, itchy, hives, anxiety, irregular pulse, labored breathing, mouth/throat swelling Treatment: Call 911, lay them down, give them epinephrine (Epi-Pen) if available, keep them warm and comfortable, elevate legs, monitor Airway/Breathing/Circulation (ABCs), stay with them until help arrives 16 16
17 BCM AUX Demonstrate Direct Pressure, Pressure Points and Tourniquet Method to Control Bleeding Steps in Controlling Bleeding Direct pressure on wound Don t remove dressing once applied Elevate body part above heart Use pressure points Armpit, groin, behind knee, elbow, wrist, etc. Apply tourniquet (constricting band) Only use as a last resort, 2-4 from wound 2 + wide material, mark forehead with T 17 17
18 BCM AUX State the Signs and Treatment for Burns First Degree Symptoms: like sunburn, redness, painful, swelling Treatment: cool water, cover with dry sterile cloth, aloe, OTC pain meds Second Degree Symptoms: red, pain, swelling, blisters, shock Treatment: cover with clean dry cloth, treat for shock, don t pop blisters, monitor ABCs. Third Degree Symptoms: charred white skin, little pain (nerves damaged) Treatment: same as 2 nd degree, don t remove stuck clothing, get medical attention immediately 18 18
19 BCM AUX State the Symptoms and Treatment for Hypothermia Symptoms: Low body temperature, low blood pressure, slow weak pulse, possible unconsciousness, cold skin, shock conditions, confusion, slurring speech, shivering, slow labored breathing Treatment: Handle gently, get warm dry blankets and clothes, move to better location, seek medical attention 19 19
20 BCM AUX Type III PFD, Anti-Exposure Coverall or Dry Suit Swim Will be conducted at training event or Division/District conference. Float for 5 to 10 minutes and swim 30ft
21 BCM AUX Identify Boat Crew Survival Equipment In PFD (attached with lanyards) Whistle Personal Marker Light (PML) or strobe Signal Mirror Reflective Tape (affixed to outside of PFD) Knife Flares/Smoke/Combo if 3 miles from shore On facility Flares/Smoke/Combination EPIRB (Emergency Position Indicatory Radio Beacon) 21 21
22 BCM AUX Use the Emergency Signal Mirror Hold the mirror with dominant hand Make peace sign with other hand Align object to be signaled (person/ boat/plane) between fingers two fingers Reflect sun using mirror onto those two fingers and move reflection back and forth 22 22
23 BCM AUX Describe the Use of Hand Held Distress Flares Follow operating instructions on flare Hold flare overboard on downwind side Don t use near fuel tanks or vents Discard used flares overboard Only use when another boat/plane is in sight Identification: Daylight has smooth cap, Night time has bumps on cap 23 23
24 BCM AUX Describe the Use of Aerial Flares Follow operating instructions on flare Fire at 45 degree angle in downwind direction Don t use near fuel tanks or vents Discard used flares overboard Only use when another boat/plane is in sight Fire two in quick succession 24 24
25 BCM AUX Operate the Personal Marker Light (PML) or Strobe Light Personal Marker Light (PML): Chemical light, 1 mile visibility, lasts 8 hrs Squeeze black handle to activate chemical Remove PML from black sleeve Attach visibly to PFD Strobe Light: Turn light on according to directions Attach visibly to PFD 25 25
26 BCM AUX State Survival Procedures in the Event the Boat Capsizes or Swamps Make every effort to escape Look for survival gear to bring Activate locator (EPIRB, PEPIRB) If you remove PFDs, tie a line to bring with you after escape Avoid stern area if engines are running Best swimmer 1 st, weak 2 nd, strong 3 rd Get in life raft or on top of hull 26 26
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