Gas Laws V 1 V 2 T 1. Gas Laws.notebook. May 05, T = k P 1 V 1 = P 2 V 2. = 70 kpa. P. V = k. k = 1 atm = kpa


 Evan Carson
 10 months ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Gas Laws At constant temperature, all gases behave the same when compressed As increasing pressure is applied to a gas in a closed container, the volume of the gas decreases he product of pressure and volume is always constant P 1 V 1 = P 2 V 2 P. V = k Why does the plunger bounce back? Use the terms: particles collisions Walls of container plunger he gas in a balloon has a volume of 7.5 L at 100 kpa. he balloon is released into the atmosphere, and the gas in it expands to a volume of 11 L. Assuming a constant temperature, what is the pressure on the balloon at the new volume? List what you know Write the formula Solve for the variable you need Plug 'n chug P 1 V 1 = P 2 V 2 1 atm = kpa 70 kpa = Standard Pressure (at sea level) = 70 kpa Graph Jacques Charles discovered that the volume of a gas is directly proportional to its temperature (Kelvin scale) At constant pressure, the volume of a gas divided by its absolute temperature is constant. V = k k = V V 1 V 2 1 = 2 Why does the plunger go up as the temperature increases? _,_KE,_V, _Collisions, _Pressure 1
2 A sample of gas occupies 24 m 3 at K. What volume would the gas occupy at K? List what you know 55m 3 K o C o F Write the formula water Solve for the variable you need Answer Plug 'n chug freezes Write a formula that will convert o C to K o C? K? =?? o C = K Answer D D 1. A syringe has a sample of gas with a volume of 3.95 ml at a pressure of 1.00 atm. What is the pressure of the gas in the syringe if the volume is changed to 2.53 ml? 1.56 atm 2. A partially inflated weather balloon has a volume of 1.50 x 10 3 L at 98.8 kpa of pressure. What is the volume of the balloon when it is released to a height where the pressure is 44.1 kpa? = 3,360 L 3.36 x 10 3 L 3. A sample of gas has a volume of 852 ml at 198 K. What volume does the gas occupy at 293 K? 1260mL 4. A sample of gas has a volume of L at a temperature of 23 o C. What temperature is necessary to have a volume of L? 252 K or 21 o C 1. A syringe has a sample of gas with a volume of 3.95 ml at a pressure of 1.00 atm. What is the pressure of the gas in the syringe if the volume is changed to 2.53 ml? List what you know Write the formula Solve for the variable you need Plug 'n chug 2. A partially inflated weather balloon has a volume of 1.50 x 10 3 L at 98.8 kpa of pressure. What is the volume of the balloon when it is released to a height where the pressure is 44.1 kpa? 3. A sample of gas has a volume of 852 ml at 198 K. What volume does the gas occupy at 293 K? A sample of gas has a volume of L at a temperature of 23 o C. What temperature is necessary to have a volume of L? 252 K or 21 o C o C = K 2
3 H/W: p Gas Laws.notebook Gay Lussac discovered that the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to its temperature (Kelvin scale) At constant volume, the pressure of a gas divided by its absolute temperature is constant. P = k k = P P 1 P 2 1 = 2 P V Pe Uncle Larry tells his nephews to never throw paint cans into the fire. "Why?" they ask. "I'll show you." Uncle Larry builds a bonfire. "Get ready to run," he warns. he can is rated to 9.00 atm before bursting. he temperature inside the can reaches 414 o C after being in the fire for 17 sec. he temperature before being thrown recklessly was 72 o C., with a pressure of 7.00 atm. Will it burst? Show work. H/W: p p. Uncle Larry tells his nephews to never throw paint cans into the fire. "Why?" they ask. "I'll show you." Uncle Larry builds a bonfire. "Get ready to run," he warns. he can is rated to 9.00 atm before bursting. he temperature inside the can reaches 414 o C after being in the fire for 17 sec. he temperature before being thrown recklessly was 72 o C., with a pressure of 7.00 atm. Will it burst? Show work. Boyle's Law + Charles' Law + Gay Lussac's Law = Combined Gas Law P 1 V 1 P 2 V 2 1 = 2 P V 3
4 A weather balloon containing helium with a volume of L rises in the atmosphere and is cooled from 27 o C to 27 o C. he pressure on the gas is reduced from kpa to 25.0 kpa. What is the volume of the gas at the lower temperature and pressure? H p p p A weather balloon containing helium with a volume of L rises in the atmosphere and is cooled from 24 o C to 31 o C, and increases in size to 989 L. he pressure on the gas changes from kpa to what new pressure? 1 atm = 101,325 Pa = kpa 1 atm = 760 mm Hg SP = SANDARD EMPERAURE AND PRESSURE P 273K SP = SANDARD EMPERAURE AND PRESSURE 1 atm = 101,325 Pa = kpa 1 atm = 760 mm Hg 4
5 1. A gas has a volume of 18.5 L at 85.5 kpa and 296 K. What is the volume of the gas at SP? 1 atm = 101,325 Pa = kpa 1 atm = 760 mm Hg 2. A balloon full of helium gas has a volume of 132 L at 99.7 kpa and 30 o C. What temperature is required for the balloon to have a volume of 176 L at a pressure of 77.6 kpa? 3. A plastic bag is inflated to a volume of 3.89 L at atm and 23 o C. If the volume drops to 3.05 L at a temperature of 4 o C, what is the new pressure? SP = SANDARD EMPERAURE AND PRESSURE 273K 1. A gas has a volume of 18.5 L at 85.5 kpa and 296 K. What is the volume of the gas at SP? 2. A balloon full of helium gas has a volume of 132 L at 99.7 kpa and 30 o C. What temperature is required for the balloon to have a volume of 176 L at a pressure of 77.6 kpa? 3. A plastic bag is inflated to a volume of 3.89 L at atm and 23 o C. If the volume drops to 3.05 L at a temperature of 4 o C. What is the new pressure? p.449#4 A sample of carbon dioxide gas occupies 45m3 at 750 K and 500. kpa. What is the volume of this gas at SP? V 5
6 Gas Laws.notebook May 05, 2014 A sample of carbon dioxide with a mass of g is placed in a ml container at K. What is the pressure exerted Where: n = number of moles by the gas? R = (8.314 L x kpa) / (mol x K) o solve for P, V,, or the number of moles: P V= n R R = ( L x atm) / (mol x K) 1 atm = kpa Where: n = number of moles R = (8.314 L x kpa) / (mol x K) R = ( L x atm) / (mol x K) 1 atm = kpa Intro Gas La Does he look like a pvnrt? H/W ues. p.436 pp#1 4 p.440# #1 4 Wed. p.451#5 9 hurs. p.462 #27,29,30,44,46 1) How many moles of a gas are in a balloon that has a volume of 15.9 L at a pressure of 149 kpa and a temperature of 28oC? 4/10/14 27) A flexible container with 2.0 L of methyl bromide has an internal pressure of kpa at 25oC. What is the volume of methyl bromide at standard pressure if the temperature remains constant? 2) What mass of ammonia, NH3, is required to fill a L bottle to a pressure of 199 kpa at 25oC? 4/22/13 Where: n = number of moles R = (8.314 L x kpa) / (mol x K) R = ( L x atm) / (mol x K) 1 atm = kpa 29) A child receives a balloon filled with 2.30 L of helium from a vendor at an amusement park, where the temperature is 311 K. What will the volume of the balloon be when the child brings the balloon home to an air conditioned house at 295K? 6
7 Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) decomposes to water and oxygen (O2) gas. H 2 O 2 (l) H 2 O(l) + O 2 (g) Write the balanced equation for the reaction. After hydrogen peroxide reacts with a catalyst, 36.7 ml of oxygen gas are collected in a room at 22 C and 1.01 atm. Calculate the number of moles of gas that were produced. Calculate the mass of the hydrogen peroxide that must have reacted. 4/11/14 Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) decomposes to water and oxygen (O2) gas. H 2 O 2 (l) H 2 O(l) + O 2 (g) Write the balanced equation for the reaction. After hydrogen peroxide reacts with a catalyst, 36.7 ml of oxygen gas are collected in a room at 22 C and 1.01 atm. Calculate the number of moles of gas that were produced. Calculate the mass of the hydrogen peroxide that must have reacted. 4/11/14 A g sample of X2(g) has a volume of 30 L at 3.2 atm and 27 C. What is element X? PV = nr PV R = n = = moles X 2 29) A child receives a balloon filled with 2.30 L of helium from a vendor at an amusement park, where the temperature is 311 K. What will the volume of the balloon be when the child brings the balloon home to an airconditioned house at 295K? 283.3g X 2 =? mol X 2 X =? g =? mol X Check the periodic table... What mass of ammonia, NH 3, is required to fill a L bottle to a pressure of 199 kpa at 25 o C? H/W Intro Gas Laws w/s p.451 #5 9 A) A sample of gas has a volume of 852 ml at 189 K. What volume does the gas occupy at 293 K? V 2 = 1320 ml or 1.32 L n = mol 2 = B) How many moles of gas are in a balloon that has a volume of 15.9L at a pressure of 149kPa and a temperature of 28 C? B vo CA Science Standards: Chemistry 3. e. Students know how to calculate the masses of reactants and products in a chemical reaction from the mass of one of the reactants or products and the relevant atomic masses. 4. he kinetic molecular theory describes the motion of atoms and molecules and explains the properties of gases. As a basis for understanding this concept: a. Students know the random motion of molecules and their collisions with a surface create the observable pressure on that surface. 4. c. Students know how to apply the gas laws to relations between the pressure, temperature, and volume of any amount of an ideal gas or any mixture of ideal gases. H 7
8 Gas Laws.notebook May 05, 2014 How many liters of hydrogen gas can be produced 4/22/14 at K and 104 kpa pressure if 20.0g sodium metal is reacted with water according to the following equation? How many liters of hydrogen gas can be produced 4/22/14 at K and 104 kpa pressure if 20.0g sodium metal is reacted with water according to the following equation? Na(s) + H2O(l) > NaOH(aq) + H2(g) hints: balance equation choose which gas law to use solve for volume convert g to moles moles Na moles H2 plug 'n chug 1) Calculate the value of the ideal gas constant, R, if exactly one mole of an ideal gas occupies a volume of liters at 0.00 C and 755 mm Hg 4/23/14 atmosphere pressure. Give R in L kpa/mol K. (1 atm = 760 mm Hg = kpa) Na(s) + H2O(l) > NaOH(aq) + H2(g) hints: balance equation choose gas law to use solve for volume convert g to moles moles Na moles H2 plug 'n chug 1) Calculate the value of the ideal gas constant, R, if exactly one mole of an ideal gas occupies a volume of liters at 0.00 C and 755 mm Hg atmosphere pressure. Give R in L kpa/mol K. (1 atm = 760 mm Hg = kpa) Algebra: 2) Calculate Percent Error: (not NOaH) R = Plug 'n Chug: R = Answer: R = 2) Calculate Percent Error: Calculate the mass of carbon dioxide that would be needed to fill a 2.00 L bottle at C and 757 mm Hg. 4/24/14 (1 atm = 760 mm Hg = kpa) 1) Calculate the mass of carbon dioxide that would be needed to fill a 2.00 L bottle at C and 757 mm Hg. 4/24/14 (1 atm = 760 mm Hg = kpa) 8
9 Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures he total pressure of a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases: P total = P A + P B + P C = P A = P B = P C Disappearing oys: DRY ICE CO 2 (s) CO 2 (g) "Sublimation" ry: (1) Not getting frostbite! (2) Air hockey on your desk (3) Coin torture (4) Bubbling witch's brew (5) Misdemeanor (let Rongley do it instead!), _ P Ice: 0 0 C Dry ice: C ( F) Liquid Nitrogen: 196 C ( 321 F or 77 K) Each gas behaves as if the other gases are absent Start: p.451#5 9 5) 1,100 kpa 6) 0.39 L N2 7) n=0.122 mol N2 D =? 9) 1 psi = kpa V 2 = L He # ballons =? 2. A g sample of X2(g) has a volume of 30 L at 3.2 atm and 27 C. What is element X? Step 1: Convert C to Kelvin = C = = 300. K Step 3: Find mass of 1 mol of X2 4 mol X2 = g 1 mol X2 = 70.8 g Step 4: Find mass of 1 mol of X 1 mol X2 = 70.8 g 1 mol X = 35.4 g Step 5: Identify the element with molecular mass 35.4 g Chlorine has a molecular mass of 35.4 g Answer: Element X is Chlorine Step 2: Solve Gas Law equation for n n = PV R n = (3.2 atm)(30 L) (0.08 atm L/mol K)(300 K) 8) 5.3 x 10 3 mol SO2 9
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Kinetic Molecular Theory Name Period Unit 7 HW 1 Worksheet (Goals 1 & 2) 1. Describe how gases, liquids, and solids compare using the following table. Volume (definite or indefinite) Molecular Motion (high,
More informationLab Dates. CRHS Academic Chemistry Unit 11 Gas Laws Notes
Name Period CRHS Academic Chemistry Unit 11 Gas Laws Notes Quiz Date Lab Dates Exam Date Notes, Homework, Exam Reviews and Their KEYS located on CRHS Academic Chemistry Website: https://cincochem.pbworks.com
More informationTo convert to millimeters of mercury, we derive a unit factor related to the equivalent relationship 29.9 in. Hg = 760 mm Hg.
Example Exercise 11.1 Gas Pressure Conversion Meteorologists state that a falling barometer indicates an approaching storm. Given a barometric pressure of 27.5 in. Hg, express the pressure in each of the
More informationChemistry HP Unit 6 Gases. Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 6 will assess the following:) 6. Gases
Chemistry HP Unit 6 Gases Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 6 will assess the following:) 6. Gases 61. Define pressure using a mathematical equation. 62. Perform calculations involving pressure,
More information4.) There are no forces of attraction or repulsion between gas particles. This means that
KINETIC MOLECULAR (KM) THEORY OF MATTER NOTES  based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion  assumptions of the KM Theory 1.) Gases consist of large numbers of tiny particles that
More informationUnit 9 Packet: Gas Laws Introduction to Gas Laws Notes:
Name: Unit 9 Packet: Gas Laws Introduction to Gas Laws Notes: Block: In chemistry, the relationships between gas physical properties are described as gas laws. Some of these properties are pressure, volume,
More informationChapter 13 Gases and Pressure. Pressure and Force. Pressure is the force per unit area on a surface. Force Area. Pressure =
Chapter 13 Gas Laws Chapter 13 Gases and Pressure Pressure and Force Pressure is the force per unit area on a surface. Pressure = Force Area Chapter 13 Gases and Pressure Gases in the Atmosphere The atmosphere
More informationCP Chapter 13/14 Notes The Property of Gases Kinetic Molecular Theory
CP Chapter 13/14 Notes The Property of Gases Kinetic Molecular Theory Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases The word kinetic refers to. Kinetic energy is the an object has because of its motion. Kinetic Molecular
More informationStates of Matter Review
States of Matter Review May 13 8:16 PM Physical States of Matter (Phases) Solid Liquid Melting Gas Condensation Freezing Evaporation Deposition Sublimation Sep 13 6:04 PM 1 May 13 8:11 PM Gases Chapter
More informationChapter 11: Gases: Homework: Read Chapter 11. Keep up with MasteringChemistry and workshops
C h e m i s t r y 1 2 C h a p t e r 11 G a s e s P a g e 1 Chapter 11: Gases: Homework: Read Chapter 11. Keep up with MasteringChemistry and workshops Gas Properties: Gases have high kinetic energy low
More informationName: Chapter 13: Gases
Name: Chapter 13: Gases Gases and gas behavior is one of the most important and most fun things to learn during your year in chemistry. Here are all of the gas notes and worksheets in two packets. We will
More informationBoyle s Law Practice
Boyle s Law Practice Boyle s Law is an indirect relationship. Most of these problems can be done in your head without showing your work. 1. Herman has 30.0 L of helium gas trapped in a cylinder by a piston.
More informationKineticMolecular Theory of Matter
Gases Properties of Gases Gas Pressure Gases What gases are important for each of the following: O 2, CO 2 and/or He? A. B. C. D. 1 2 Gases What gases are important for each of the following: O 2, CO 2
More informationDate: Period: Gas Laws Worksheet #1  Boyle s, Charles, GayLussac s, and Combined Gas Law
Name: Date: Period: Gas Laws Worksheet #1  Boyle s, Charles, GayLussac s, and Combined Gas Law Boyle s Law: V1P1 = V2P2 1. A gas sample contained in a cylinder equipped with a moveable piston occupied
More informationBehavior of Gases Chapter 12 Assignment & Problem Set
Behavior of Gases Name WarmUps (Show your work for credit) Date 1. Date 2. Date 3. Date 4. Date 5. Date 6. Date 7. Date 8. Behavior of Gases 2 Study Guide: Things You Must Know Vocabulary (know the definition
More informationGas Laws Chapter 14. Complete the following pressure conversion. Be sure to show how units cancel.
Gas Laws Chapter 14 Complete the following pressure conversion. Be sure to show how units cancel. 1 atm = 760 mm Hg = 760 torr = 101.3 kpa = 14.7 psi = 1.013 bar 1. The air pressure for a certain tire
More information2. Pressure Conversions (Add to your Conversion Sheet
The Gas Law Reference Sheet 1. The Kelvin Temperature Scale Degrees Kelvin = C + 273 Convert to K 1) 27 C 2) 0. C 3) 48 C 4) 16 C 5) 106 C 2. Pressure Conversions (Add to your Conversion Sheet 1 mm Hg
More informationPressure of the atmosphere varies with elevation and weather conditions. Barometer device used to measure atmospheric pressure.
Chapter 12 Section 1 Pressure A gas exerts pressure on its surroundings. Blow up a balloon. The gas we are most familiar with is the atmosphere, a mixture of mostly elemental nitrogen and oxygen. Pressure
More informationPSI Chemistry: Gases Multiple Choice Review
PSI Chemistry: Gases Multiple Choice Review Name Kinetic Molecular Theory 1. According to the kineticmolecular theory, particles of matterare in constant motion (A) have different shapes (B) have different
More informationChapter 13. Gases. Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved 1
Chapter 13 Gases Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved 1 Section 13.1 Pressure Why study gases? An understanding of real world phenomena. An understanding of how science works. Copyright Cengage
More informationName: Period: Date: CHAPTER 10 NOTES 10.3: The Gas Laws
Name: Period: Date: 1. Define gas laws: CHAPTER 10 NOTES 10.3: The Gas Laws 2. What units do the following measurements need to be in to describe gases? Boyle s Law a. Temperature b. Volume c. Pressure
More informationWorksheet 1.7: Gas Laws. Charles Law. GuyLassac's Law. Standard Conditions. Abbreviations. Conversions. Gas Law s Equation Symbols
Name Block Worksheet 1.7: Gas Laws Boyle s Law Charles Law GuyLassac's Law Combined Gas Law For a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume of a gas varies inversely with pressure PV = k The
More informationTHE GAS STATE. Unit 4. CHAPTER KEY TERMS HOME WORK 9.1 Kinetic Molecular Theory States of Matter Solid, Liquid, gas.
Unit 4 THE GAS STATE CHAPTER KEY TERMS HOME WORK 9. Kinetic Molecular Theory States of Matter Solid, Liquid, gas Page 4 # to 4 9. Boyles Law P α /V PV = Constant P V = P V Pressure Atmospheric Pressure
More informationPROPERTIES OF GASES. [MH5; Ch 5, (only)]
PROPERTIES OF GASES [MH5; Ch 5, 5.15.5 (only)] FEATURES OF A GAS Molecules in a gas are a long way apart (under normal conditions). Molecules in a gas are in rapid motion in all directions. The forces
More informationUNIT 10  GASES. Notes & Worksheets  Honors
Ideal Gas Equation 1 WKSHT 1.) What is the pressure exerted by 2.0 moles of an ideal gas when it occupies a volume of 12.0 L at 373 K? 2.) A flashbulb of volume 2.6 cm 3 contains O 2 gas at a pressure
More informationElements that exist as gases at 25 o C and 1 atmosphere H 2, N 2, O 2, F 2, Cl 2, He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, Rn
AP Chemistry Chapter 5 Sections 5. 5.9 Note Organizer Pressure, The Gas Laws of Boyle, Charles, and Avogadro, The Ideal Gas Law, Gas Stoichiometry, Dalton s Law of Partial Pressure, The Kinetic olecular
More informationName: Class: Date: SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided.
CHAPTER 11 REVIEW Gases SECTION 1 SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided. 1. Pressure =. For a constant force, when the surface area is tripled the pressure is (a) doubled. (b)
More informationUnit 8 Gas Laws. Progress Tracker. Essential Vocabulary: Essential Outcomes: Test Date: Test Readiness Checks: Webassign Due Score
Unit 8 Gas Laws Progress Tracker Test Date: Webassign Due Score Packet Progress Checks Essential Vocabulary: Ideal gas Pressure (atmospheres) Volume Temperature (Kelvin and Celsius) Barometer Partial pressure
More informationAP* Chemistry GASES mm Hg = torr =1.00 atm = kpa 10 5 Pa
THE PROPERTIES OF GASES Only 4 quantities are needed to define the state of a gas: a) the quantity of the gas, n (in moles) b) the temperature of the gas, T (in KELVINS) c) the volume of the gas, V (in
More informationGases Day 12. Phases of Matter
Phases of Matter Gases Day 12 Kinetic Molecular Theory ( Ideal Gases ) 1) The molecules of a gas are in continual, and random, motion of varying speeds. 2) The average kinetic energy of the gas molecules
More informationSection 101: The KineticMolecular Theory of Matter. 1) How does the word kinetic apply to particles of matter?
KineticMolecular theory of Matter/Ch10, Gases/Ch11 Column notes: Answer all parts of each question IN YOUR OWN WORDS. Use the text, figures and captions as resources. Section 101: The KineticMolecular
More informationLecture Presentation. Chapter 10. Gases. John D. Bookstaver St. Charles Community College Cottleville, MO Pearson Education, Inc.
Lecture Presentation Chapter 10 John D. Bookstaver St. Charles Community College Cottleville, MO Characteristics of Unlike liquids and solids, gases Expand to fill their containers. Are highly compressible.
More information1. [Chang7 5.P.013.] Convert 295 mmhg to kpa. kpa Convert 2.0 kpa to mmhg. mmhg
Score 1. [Chang7 5.P.013.] Convert 295 mmhg to kpa. kpa Convert 2.0 kpa to mmhg. mmhg 2. [Chang7 5.P.019.] The volume of a gas is 5.80 L, measured at 1.00 atm. What is the pressure of the gas in mmhg if
More informationName Date Class STATES OF MATTER. SECTION 13.1 THE NATURE OF GASES (pages )
Name Date Class 3 SAES OF MAER SECION 3. HE NAURE OF GASES (pages 385 389) his section introduces the kinetic theory and describes how it applies to gases. It defines gas pressure and explains how temperature
More informationPlease do not write on this test. Please use the answer sheet. 1) Please choose all conditions that would allow a gas sample to behave ideally.
AP Chemistry Test (Chapter 5) Please do not write on this test. Please use the answer sheet. Multiple Choice (50%) 1) Please choose all conditions that would allow a gas sample to behave ideally. I) Nonpolar
More informationGAS LAW WORKSHEET 1 KEY
377 GAS LAW WORKSHEET 1 KEY 1. A sample of oxygen gas occupies a volume of 436. ml at 1.0 atm. If the temperature is held constant, what would the pressure of this gas be when the gas is compressed to
More informationFinal Gas Law Review
Name: ate: 1 t which temperature is the vapor pressure of ethanol equal to 80 kpa?. 48. 73. 80. 101 4 Gas Molecular Mass (g/mol) 2 4 17 20 The table shown lists four gases and their molecular mass. Which
More informationUnder ideal conditions, the rates at which different gases diffuse (spread out) are proportional to their molar masses.
Chemistry Ms. Ye Name Date Block Graham s Law of Diffusion Under ideal conditions, the rates at which different gases diffuse (spread out) are proportional to their molar masses. In other words, gas molecules
More informationChapter 13 Gases. H. Cannon, C. Clapper and T. Guillot Klein High School. Pressure/Temperature Conversions
Chapter 13 Gases Pressure/Temperature Conversions Convert the following: 1. 3.50 atm = kpa 2. 123 atm = mmhg 3. 970.0 mmhg = torr 4. 870.0 torr = kpa 5. 250.0 kpa = atm 6. 205.0 mmhg = kpa 7. 12.4 atm
More informationA) It cannot be predicted. B) It is squared. C) It is doubled. D) It is halved. E) It does not change.
AP Chemistry Test (Chapter 5) Class Set Multiple Choice (50%) 1) A sample of argon gas is sealed in a container. The volume of the container is doubled at a constant temperature. What happens to the pressure
More informationPETER STARODUB  PALOS VERDES PENINSULA HIGH SCHOOL
STARODUB CHEM. 2AP UNIT 22 CH. 5: Gases 1 UNIT 22: CH. 5 GASES READ P. 179 214 ASSIGNMENTS: #1 P. 7 #112 Pressure Problems #2 P. 14 #117 Gas Law Problems #3 P. 17 #112 Gas Density, Molar Mass, Stoichiometry
More informationName Date Class CHAPTER ASSESSMENT. 1. Equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of particles.
Name ate lass HPTER 14 HPTER SSESSMENT Gases Reviewing Vocabulary Match the definition in olumn with the term in olumn. olumn 1. Equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal
More informationTo play movie you must be in Slide Show Mode CLICK HERE EXERCISE! EXERCISE! To play movie you must be in Slide Show Mode CLICK HERE
Boyle s Law Boyle s law Pressure and volume are inversely related (constant T, temperature, and n, # of moles of gas). PV k (kis a constant for a given sample of air at a specific temperature) P V P V
More informationof Gases Airbags fill with N 2 gas in an accident. Gas is generated by the decomposition of General Properties
BEHAVIOR OF GASES Chapter 12 1 Importance of Gases 2 Hot Air Balloons How Do They Work? 3 Airbags fill with N 2 gas in an accident. Gas is generated by the decomposition of sodium azide,, NaN 3. 2 NaN
More informationChapter 13: The Behavior of Gases
Chapter 13: The Behavior of Gases I. First Concepts a. The 3 states of matter most important to us: solids, liquids, and gases. b. Real Gases and Ideal Gases i. Real gases exist, ideal gases do not ii.
More informationSubstances that are liquids or solids under ordinary conditions may also exist as gases. These are often referred to as vapors. Properties of Gases
Common Student Misconceptions Students need to be told to always use temperature in Kelvin in gas problems. Students should always use units in gaslaw problems to keep track of required conversions. Due
More informationCHM111 Lab Gas Laws Grading Rubric
Name Team Name CHM111 Lab Gas Laws Grading Rubric Criteria Points possible Points earned Lab Performance Printed lab handout and rubric was brought to lab 3 Safety and proper waste disposal procedures
More informationChapter 11 Gases. Review Skills
Chapter 11 Gases t s Monday morning, and Lilia is walking out of the chemistry building, thinking about the introductory lecture on gases that her instructor just presented. Dr. Scanlon challenged the
More informationCharacteristics of Gases
Lecture 2527 Gases Characteristics of Gases Unlike liquids and solids, gases Expand to fill their containers. Are highly compressible. Have extremely low densi@es. Pressure of a gas Force per unit area
More informationEXERCISES Gas Laws. Chooise the correct answer
Alícia Rosa EXERCISES Gas Laws Chooise the correct answer 1 Atmospheric pressure at an altitude of 10 km is 2.1x10 2 mm. What is the pressure in atmospheres at 10 km? 1.6x10 5 atm 3.6 atm 0.28 atm 2 Atmospheric
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Test General Chemistry CH116 UMass Boston Summer 2013 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The pressure exerted by a column of
More informationPressure Sensor Experiment Guide
Pressure Sensor Experiment Guide Pressure Sensor Introduction: Part of the Eisco series of hand held sensors, the pressure sensor allows students to record and graph data in experiments on the go. This
More informationDetermination of R: The GasLaw Constant
Determination of R: The GasLaw Constant PURPOSE: EXPERIMENT 9 To gain a feeling for how well real gases obey the idealgas law and to determine the idealgaslaw constant R. APPARATUS AND CHEMICALS: KClO
More informationChapter 13 Gases. Review Skills
Chapter 13 Gases t s Monday morning, and Lilia is walking out of the chemistry building, thinking about the introductory lecture on gases that her instructor just presented. Dr. Scanlon challenged the
More informationAP* Chemistry GASES PROPERTIES OF GASES
AP* Chemistry GASES The gaseous state of matter is the simplest and bestunderstood state of matter. You inhale approximately 8,500 L of air each day. This amounts to about 25 lbs of air. Breathing is
More informationKinetic Theory and Gases
Kinetic Theory and Gases Kinetic Theory Explains how temperature and pressure affect the motion of molecules http://exploration.grc.nasa.gov/education/rocket/images/state.gif 1 Hydraulics http://library.thinkquest.org/
More information11 Properties of Gases
South asadena Honors Chemistry Name 11 roperties of Gases eriod Date S A I O N 1 E M E R A U R E Standard emperature is: 0 C or 273 K Convert: 26.0 C 299 K 400 K _127 C 100 K 173 C 135 C _408_ K 127 C
More informationGas Laws. Boyle s Law Charle s law GayLussac s Law Avogadro s Law Dalton s Law Henry s Law
Gas Laws Boyle s Law Charle s law GayLussac s Law Avogadro s Law Dalton s Law Henry s Law 1 1 What is Pressure? Gas molecules cause pressure 2 2 The pressure of the gas in the container on the right would
More informationChapter 13 Gases, Vapors, Liquids, and Solids
Chapter 13 Gases, Vapors, Liquids, and Solids Property is meaning any measurable characteristic of a substance, such as pressure, volume, or temperature, or a characteristic that can be calculated or deduced,
More informationGases and Pressure SECTION 11.1
SECTION 11.1 Gases and In the chapter States of Matter, you read about the kineticmolecular theory of matter. You were also introduced to how this theory explains some of the properties of ideal gases.
More informationBoyle s law Verifying the relation between air pressure and volume measuring air pressure in a closed container.
Objective The purpose of this activity is to analyze the relationship between the pressure and volume of a confined gas at constant temperature, create a hypothesis and proceed to test it using the Labdisc
More informationApplied Physics Topics 2
Applied Physics Topics 2 Dr Andrey Varvinskiy Consultant Anaesthetist Torbay Hospital, UK EDAIC Paper B Lead and Examiner TOPICS 2 Gas Laws Other Laws: Dalton, Avogadro Critical temperature Critical pressure
More informationName: Date: Per: Boyle s Law =
Boyle s Law = 1) If I have 5.6 liters of gas in a piston at a pressure of 1.5 atm and compress the gas until its volume is 4.8 L, what will the new pressure inside the piston be? 2) I have added 15 L of
More information(Test ID: ins700075) Created with INSPECT and the Online Assessment Reporting System (OARS) For Authorized Use Only
Print Options Show Test 3  Gas laws (Test ID: ins700075) Created with INSPECT and the Online Assessment Reporting System (OARS) For Authorized Use Only 1 On the ground, a child's toy balloon contains
More informationGas Laws. 2 HCl(aq) + CaCO 3 (s) H 2 O(l) + CO 2 (g) + CaCl 2 (aq) HCl(aq) + NaHCO 3 (s) H 2 O(l) + CO 2 (g) + NaCl(aq)
Gas Laws Introduction: Although we cannot see gases, we can observe their behavior and study their properties. For example, we can watch a balloon filled with helium gas floating in air and conclude that
More informationGas Laws. Introduction
Gas Laws Introduction In 1662 Robert Boyle found that, at constant temperature, the pressure of a gas and its volume are inversely proportional such that P x V = constant. This relationship is known as
More informationEnd of Chapter Exercises
End of Chapter Exercises Exercises 1 12 are conceptual questions that are designed to see if you have understood the main concepts of the chapter. 1. While on an airplane, you take a drink from your water
More information1. Quantity of a gas (moles) 2. Temperature of the gas. 3. Volume occupied by the gas. 4. Pressure exerted by the gas. PV = nrt
Experiment 5 Stoichiometry : Gases Determining the Ideal Gas Constant Lab Owl Announcement: Upon completion of this lab log onto OWL. Your fourth Lab Owl assignment, Lab Owl: Exp 5 should appear there.
More informationFigure Vaporliquid equilibrium for a binary mixture. The dashed lines show the equilibrium compositions.
Another way to view this problem is to say that the final volume contains V m 3 of alcohol at 5.93 kpa and 20 C V m 3 of air at 94.07 kpa and 20 C V m 3 of air plus alcohol at 100 kpa and 20 C Thus, the
More informationThe Ideal Gas Constant
Chem 2115 Experiment # 8 The Ideal Gas Constant OBJECTIVE: This experiment is designed to provide experience in gas handling methods and experimental insight into the relationships between pressure, volume,
More informationPURE SUBSTANCE. Nitrogen and gaseous air are pure substances.
CLASS Third Units PURE SUBSTANCE Pure substance: A substance that has a fixed chemical composition throughout. Air is a mixture of several gases, but it is considered to be a pure substance. Nitrogen and
More informationChapter 1, Lesson 5: Air, It s Really There
Chapter 1, Lesson 5: Air, It s Really There Key Concepts In a gas, the particles (atoms and molecules) have weak attractions for one another. They are able to move freely past each other with little interaction
More informationDetermination of the GasLaw Constant (R) using CO2
Determination of the GasLaw Constant (R) using CO2 EXPERIMENT 11 Prepared by Edward L. Brown and Miranda Raines, Lee University The student will become familiar with ideal gases and how their properties
More informationGuide for Reading. Vocabulary compressibility
14.1 Properties of Gases Connecting to Your World In organized soccer, there are rules about equipment. For international competitions, the ball s mass must be not more than 450 grams and not less than
More information11.1 Dumas Method  PreLab Questions
11.1 Dumas Method  PreLab Questions Name: Instructor: Date: Section/Group: Show all work for full credit. 1. If a 275mL gas container has pressure of 732.6 mm Hg at 28 C, how many moles of gas are
More informationPreLab 6: Gas Law ~ 70 ~
Name: PreLab 6: Gas Law Section: Answer the following questions after reading the background information at the beginning of the lab. This should be completed before coming to lab. 1. Convert the following:
More informationExperiment 8 GAS LAWS
Experiment 8 GAS LAWS FV 6/25/2017 MATERIALS: Amontons Law apparatus, Boyle s Law apparatus, Avogadro s Corollary apparatus, four beakers (2 L), warmwater bath, ice, barometer, digital thermometer, air
More informationGraham s Law of Diffusion 1. Dalton s law of partial pressure is not applied for 1) N CO ) NO O 3) CO O ) O, N. vessel contains Helium and Methane in : 1 molar ratio at 0 bar pressure. Due to leakage,
More informationChapter 18. The KineticMolecular Theory The Three States of Matter. Lesson Objectives. Introduction
Chapter 18 The KineticMolecular Theory 18.1 The Three States of Matter Lesson Objectives The student will describe molecular arrangement differences among solids, liquids, and gases. The student will
More informationChapter 6 Properties of Gases
Chapter 6 Properties of Gases Chapter Objectives: Learn how to measure gas pressure. Learn how to use the gas laws to relate pressure, volume, temperature, and amount of gases, and use amounts of gases
More informationOutcomes: Example the historical development of the measurement of pressure. Include: Galileo, Toricelli, von Gureick, Pascal, Huygens, Avogadro,
History of Pressure Outcomes: Example the historical development of the measurement of pressure. Include: Galileo, Toricelli, von Gureick, Pascal, Huygens, Avogadro, Dalton. Describe the various units
More informationThe Determination of the Value for Molar Volume
Objective The Determination of the Value for Molar Volume Using a chemical reaction that produces a gas, measure the appropriate values to allow a determination of the value for molar volume. Brief Overview
More informationAdditional Reading General, Organic and Biological Chemistry, by Timberlake, chapter 8.
Gas Laws EXPERIMENTAL TASK Determine the mathematical relationship between the volume of a gas sample and its absolute temperature, using experimental data; and to determine the mathematical relationship
More informationThe Decomposition of Potassium Chlorate
The Decomposition of Potassium Chlorate Small quantities of molecular oxygen (O 2 ) can be obtained from the thermal decomposition of certain oxides, peroxides, and salts of oxoacids. Some examples of
More informationPhysical Chemistry of Gases: Gas Exchange Linda Costanzo, Ph.D.
Physical Chemistry of Gases: Gas Exchange Linda Costanzo, Ph.D. OBJECTIVES: After studying this lecture, the student should understand: 1. Application of the gas laws to pulmonary physiology. 2. How to
More informationComments on Homework. Class 4  Pressure. Atmospheric Pressure. Gauge vs. Absolute Pressure. 2. Gauge vs. Absolute Pressure. 1.
Class 4  Pressure 1. Definitions 2. Gauge Pressure 3. Pressure and Height of Liquid Column (Head) 4. Pressure Measurement and Manometers Please don t forget the special problem for the next HW assignment
More information10.4 Buoyancy is a force
Chapter 10.4 Learning Goals Define buoyancy. Explain the relationship between density and buoyancy. Discuss applications of Archimedes principle. 10.4 Buoyancy is a force Buoyancy is a measure of the upward
More informationMiniLabs. 7. Movie Fog 8. Jet Power 9. Sauce Pan 10. Magnetic Bubbles 11. Aquarium Magic 12. Hockey Puck 13. Carbon dioxide balloons
MiniLabs (13) MiniLabs 1. Magic Raisins 2. Mysterious Balloons 3. Candle Power 4. Supercooled Liquid 5. Singing Tongs 6. Film Canister 7. Movie Fog 8. Jet Power 9. Sauce Pan 10. Magnetic Bubbles 11.
More informationBoyle s Law: PressureVolume Relationship in Gases. PRELAB QUESTIONS (Answer on your own notebook paper)
Boyle s Law: PressureVolume Relationship in Gases Experiment 18 GRADE LEVEL INDICATORS Construct, interpret and apply physical and conceptual models that represent or explain systems, objects, events
More informationFall 2004 Homework Problem Set 9 Due Wednesday, November 24, at start of class
0.30 Fall 004 Homework Problem Set 9 Due Wednesday, November 4, at start of class Part A. Consider an iron surface which serves as a catalyst for the production of ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen. The
More information2. investigate the effect of solute concentration on water potential as it relates to living plant tissues.
In this lab you will: 1. investigate the processes of diffusion and osmosis in a model membrane system, and 2. investigate the effect of solute concentration on water potential as it relates to living
More informationPRESSURETEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIP IN GASES
PRESSURETEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIP IN GASES LAB PS2.PALM INTRODUCTION Gases are made up of molecules that are in constant motion and exert pressure when they collide with the walls of their container. The
More informationI Physical Principles of Gas Exchange
Respiratory Gases Exchange Dr Badri Paudel, M.D. 2 I Physical Principles of Gas Exchange 3 Partial pressure The pressure exerted by each type of gas in a mixture Diffusion of gases through liquids Concentration
More informationOpenStax Rice University 6100 Main Street MS375 Houston, Texas 77005
Chemistry OpenStax Rice University 6100 Main Street MS375 Houston, Texas 77005 To learn more about OpenStax, visit http://openstaxcollege.org. Individual print copies and bulk orders can be purchased
More informationEvaluation copy. Vapor Pressure of Liquids. computer OBJECTIVES MATERIALS
Vapor Pressure of Liquids Computer 10 In this experiment, you will investigate the relationship between the vapor pressure of a liquid and its temperature. When a liquid is added to the Erlenmeyer flask
More informationProcess Nature of Process
AP Physics Free Response Practice Thermodynamics 1983B4. The pvdiagram above represents the states of an ideal gas during one cycle of operation of a reversible heat engine. The cycle consists of the
More informationSPH 4C Unit 4 Hydraulics and Pneumatic Systems
SPH 4C Unit 4 Hydraulics and Pneumatic Systems Properties of Fluids and Pressure Learning Goal: I can explain the properties of fluids and identify associated units. Definitions: Fluid: A substance that
More informationTEMPERATURE S RELATIONSHIP TO GAS & VAPOR PRESSURE
TEMPERATURE S RELATIONSHIP TO GAS & VAPOR PRESSURE Adapted from "Chemistry with Computers" Vernier Software, Portland OR, 1997 ELECTRONIC LABORATORY NOTEBOOK (ELN) INSTRUCTIONS Read the directions and
More informationGas Pressure. Chapter 6 Properties of Gases. Chapter 6 Properties of Gases. Gases. The Physical States of Matter. Some Important Properties of Gases
Chapter 6 roperties of Gases Chapter Objectives: Learn how to measure gas pressure. Learn how to use the gas laws to relate pressure, volume, temperature, and amount of gases, and use amounts of gases
More information