WHAT IS GAS TANK/CYLINDER?

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2 Introduction To use compressed gas cylinders safely, it is important that they are stored properly, handled correctly, used with the correct equipment, and that the properties of the gases they contain are fully understood

3 WHAT IS GAS TANK/CYLINDER? A gas cylinder or tank is a pressure vessel used to store gases at above atmospheric pressure. It also called as compresses gas (A material that is shipped in a compressed gas cylinder and acts as a gas upon release at normal temperature and pressure or is used or handled as a gas)

4 Definition Compressed Gas Any material or mixture with an in-container pressure exceeding 40 psia at 70 F, or a pressure exceeding 104 psia at 130 F, or any liquid flammable material having a vapor pressure exceeding 40 psia at 100 F [sec (a)].

5 GAS CATEGORIES

6 INDUSTRIAL AND REFRIGERATION GAS CYLINDER COLOR IDENTIFICATION

7

8 OVERVIEW OF CYLINDER PHYSICAL HAZARDS PHYSICAL DAMAGE: Cylinders, with their high internal pressure [up to 2,500 pounds per square inch gauge (psig)], are very hazardous when exposed to damage from falling over or tipping, heat, electric circuits, motion, or vibration anything that can cause a weakness or crack in the cylinder wall or shell. Such damage can cause the cylinder to rupture and explode sending sharp metal pieces, like shrapnel, blasting through the area.

9 Valve Hazard: The actual outcome of a broken off valve depends on the design and pressure of the valve and cylinder. If the valve is broken off and the valve inlet opening meets the Compressed Gas Association (CGA) requirements, the cylinder will rapidly release all its gas (which could be a health and/or flammability concern), cause a whistling sound, and possibly spin uncontrollably. If the valve inlet opening is different from the standard hole size used in most welding gases, such as those used for propane or butane and fire protection system cylinders, the cylinders may take off and become airborne. Tipping and Falling: The most common major hazard is having a cylinder tip over or fall on you or another nearby worker. Since cylinders are heavy and awkward to handle, they require special care and equipment in handling and securing so they don t fall or tip over and cause injury Valve Leakage: Cylinder valves can leak, causing their contents to discharge. To minimize hazards from leaks, us e proper ventilation and storage

10 OVERVIEW OF CYLINDER CONTENTS HAZARDS Read, understand, and follow the markings on the cylinder, the label(s) on the cylinder, and the material safety data sheet (MSDS). Each compressed gas cylinder has unique hazards based on contents. Some are filled with inert gases especially those used in arc welding Many gases are flammable, explosive, toxic, or a combination. Common compressed gases include acetylene, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrogen, nitrogen, air, propane, and oxygen.

11 What is cylinder physical hazards?

12 HOW TO STORE CYLINDERS Store cylinders upright and secure them with a chain, strap, or cable to a stationary building support or to a proper cylinder cart to prevent them from tipping or falling. Completely close the valves, and keep the valve protection devices, such as caps or guards, securely in place. Store cylinders in a dry, well-ventilated area at least 20 feet from combustible materials. Do not keep cylinders in lockers. If they leak, a buildup of flammable or other types of gases can occur inside the locker. Mark the storage area with proper precautionary signs, such as flammable, oxidizer, or toxic. Place them in a location where they will not be subject to mechanical or physical damage, heat, or electrical circuits to prevent possible explosion or fire. Keep cylinders away from vehicle traffic. Store empty cylinders separate from full ones Keep oxygen cylinders 20 feet away from fuel-gas cylinders, such as acetylene, or separate them with a non combustible barrier (such as a wall) at least 5 feet high with a fire-resistance rating of at least one-half hour.

13 Good Practice for Cylinder Gas Storage

14 HOW TO TRANSPORT CYLINDERS Most accidents or injuries involving cylinders happen when moving or handling the gas cylinders. Use the right equipment, correct procedures, and sufficient number of persons to lift and move cylinders to avoid personal injury and cylinder damage. Wear protective footwear, safety glasses, and heavy gloves. Securely install the valve protection devices, such as caps or guards. Secure cylinders upright to a proper hand truck or cylinder cart designed for the purpose. Don't drag or roll them use a properly designed cart or hand truck. When using a crane, be sure to use proper cradles, nets, boats, or special platforms designed for this purpose to prevent cylinders from falling. Prevent damage handle carefully avoid dropping or banging them. Do not lift by the protective cap/guard or use magnets or slings to lift or move them since valves may be damaged or sheared off.

15 Things Not To Do! Never roll a cylinder to move it. Never carry a cylinder by the valve. Never leave a cylinder unsecured. Never force improper attachments on to the wrong cylinder. Never grease or oil the regulator, valve or fittings of an oxygen cylinder. Never refill a cylinder. Never attempt to mix gases in a cylinder.

16 Good Practice -Transport from manufacturing

17 TYPES OF GAS CYLINDER TROLLEY Cylinder Gas Trolleys

18 HOW TO USE CYLINDERS Follow the instructions in the MSDS Keep cylinders upright and away from heat, sparks, fire, physical damage, or electrical circuits to avoid rupture. Use in a well-ventilated area to avoid gas accumulation. Do not bring cylinders into a confined space to avoid inhaling the gas and possible suffocation from the accumulation of flammable, toxic, or reactive gases. Read, understand, and follow all cylinder markings and labels to avoid misuse. Before connecting a regulator, stand to one side, and momentarily open the valve and then close it immediately. This procedure, called cracking the valve, is done to clear the valve of dust or dirt that could enter the regulator Open valves slowly by hand to avoid gauge damage. If a specific tool is required to open the valve, leave it in position so that the flow of gas can be stopped quickly in an emergency. Lift and move cylinders properly

19 Close the gas cylinder valves when not n use such as during breaks, lunch, or end-of-shift to avoid leaks. Avoid getting any oil or grease on the cylinders or regulators/gauges, particularly those containing oxygen, to avoid fire or explosion. Storage is not required for single cylinders of fuel gas and oxygen ready for use with regulators attached secured to a proper cart

20 HOW TO MAINTAIN THEM Protect the markings on cylinders that identify the contents, and mark the full/empty status on cylinders (do not use color to identify contents). Mark all empty cylinders (some companies use "MT"). Don't use the recessed top of the cylinder as a storage area for tools or material. If cylinders are leaking, isolate them outdoors and away from sparks or heat. Call your gas supplier to send qualified people to take care of the problem don t try any repairs yourself. Tag leaking cylinders. Never mix gases in a cylinder or try to refill a cylinder always contact your gas supplier

21 WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?

22 Malaysian Society in Quality for Health (MSQH) Requirement

23

24 Emergency Plan Every location where compressed gases are handled should have a written emergency plan covering steps to be taken in the event of an accidental release of gas. This plan should consider the nature of the gases being handled, that is their chemical and physical properties

25 SUMMARY Even though high-pressure, compressed gas cylinders are near or part of most welding and cutting operations, they are used safely everyday by many people throughout the world. To prevent injury, always store, handle, use, and maintain them properly. Treat them with the respect they deserve

26 THANK YOU

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