# Lab #4 Pipe Flow, Minor and Major Losses, and Walking in Osborne Reynolds Shoes CEE 331 Fall 2006

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Lab #4 Pipe Flow, Minor and Major Losses, and Walking in Osborne Reynolds Shoes CEE 331 Fall 2006"

## Transcription

1 CEE 331 Lab 4 Page 1 of 5 Lab #4 Pipe Flow, Minor and Major Losses, and Walking in Osborne Reynolds Shoes CEE 331 Fall 2006 Safety The major safety hazard in this laboratory is a shock hazard. Given that you will be working with water and items running on standard line voltages (the computer) you should pay attention to the possibility of electric shock. The flume has a few very small leaks and there will be a few wet spots under and around the flume. If water gets near a 110-Volt electrical connection DO NOT clean it up. Seek a TA, Cowen, or one of the CEE technicians (Tim Brock, Paul Charles, Cameron Willkens who have offices across from the lab) for help. Note that when the pump is on the pipe network is under pressure DO NOT OPEN ANY PORTS WHILE THE PUMP IS RUNNING. The result will be a column of water that can reach eye level or above. Before turning on the pumps ensure that all ports are closed (either by a pressure sensor, the dye syringe, or a plug. Always work with a minimum of two people. Objectives The objective of this lab is to gain physical experience with pipe flows, minor and major losses, and the Reynolds number dependence of the flow characteristics (laminar, transitional, and turbulent flow). Theory At this point you should all be familiar with the theory. The major aspects of this flow are that a pump, capable of supplying up to about 4 m of head, drives flow through a ½ clear PVC pipe system with various major and minor losses. Using the energy equation you can determine the minor loss coefficients (K L ) by monitoring the pressure drop across the various pipe system features. The pipe has been fitted with taps to which you can connect 200kPa pressure transducers. You can also determine the friction factor (f) by measuring the distance between ports in a long straight run of pipe and monitoring the pressure drop across these ports. Experimental Procedure 1. A submersible pump is located in a tub of water at the end of the pipe system with the large diameter reservoir. Activate the pump by switching on the power strip. 2. If there are air bubbles in the large diameter pipe, bleed the system by opening the valve on top of the large diameter pipe. Keep this valve open until pure water is coming from the tube. You might need to lift the piping a little to eliminate all air bubbles. 3. If there are air bubbles trapped within the piping system, try opening and closing the pipe valve a few times. The sudden change in momentum usually clears these bubbles. If bubbles are trapped at the end of the piping system, try lifting the piping to eliminate these bubbles. 4. Open up the Easy Data software (if it is not already open). The default settings should show all eleven pressure sensors (shown on the screen as 0-9). Feel free to switch between bar and line charts.

2 CEE 331 Lab 4 Page 2 of 5 5. After all bubbles have been eliminated, turn off the pump before zeroing the pressure sensors. Verify each sensor is within +/-50 Pa before reactivating the pump. If one of the sensors fluctuates more than +/- 50 Pa, first try to zero the sensors again a few times (it can take a while for the system to decelerate). If that doesn't help, you may need to replace the pressure sensor. There are extra sensors in a box in the middle of the table. Be sure to turn off the pump before you remove a sensor from its port or you WILL get water everywhere. If you get the DAQ box wet you can seriously damage it! 6. Your goal is to measure the friction factor (f) in the straight section of pipe (between sensors 1 and 2 as listed on the diagram) and all the head loss coefficients (K L ) for each minor loss in the system. The minor losses are: a. Contraction from large diameter pipe to ½ pipe (Sensor 0 to 1) b. 90 elbow (2-3) c. Large radius 90 bend (3-4) d. Expansion from ½ to 1 pipe (5-6) e. Contraction from 1 to ½ pipe (7-8) f. Across the valve (8-9) g. Finally you should measure the total head loss from the first pressure port in the system to the last pressure port in the system (0-9) 7. Perform all of the above for two different flow rates, one with the valve set to full open and a second set with the valve closed down to reduce the flow rate by approximately one-half (the valve will be more closed than open). Verify that your pressure sensors are still within +/- 50Pa of zero or re-zero as needed between runs. 8. You can measure the flow rate by timing how long it takes to capture 4000 ml of water in the provided container dip it under the outflow tube. 9. The final task is to walk in Osborne Reynolds shoes. Using red dye No. 40 (injected by a syringe), perform a flow visualization of laminar, transitional and turbulent flow. Note the valve will be almost totally closed to get laminar and transition flow (check your Re by measuring the flow rate). Inject a dye pulse by giving a slight but discreet push on the syringe. If the water is too red from previous experiments, drain and refill the system. Open the valve at the T section feeding the initial large diameter pipe and THEN close the valve between ports 8 and 9. Run the pump until it stops (there is an automatic shutoff switch when the level is too low for the pump). Close the valve for draining and open the valve between pressure sensors 8 and 9. Refill the tub with fresh water using the green hose provided. Have somebody hold the hose in the tank (conservation of linear momentum!) and watch the water level. You should fill the system until the level is just above the pipe system outflow pipe while the whole system is charged with water and running. Unless you wear a lot of red, take care during the dye injection. The red dye is harmless but it will stain (and we are not liable for this). 10. Make sure you have collected the data in the following chart before turning off the power switch and leaving the lab.

3 CEE 331 Lab 4 Page 3 of 5 Fixed parameters Water temperature (ºC) Length of 1 diameter pipe section Total length of ½ diameter pipes (e.g., sum of all ½ pipe between port 0 and port 9. Radius of gradual 90 degree bend Distance from port 0 to port 1 (m) Distance from port 1 to port 2 (m) Distance from port 2 to port 3 (m) Distance from port 3 to port 4 (m) Distance from port 4 to port 5 (m) Distance from port 5 to port 6 (m) Distance from port 6 to port 7 (m) Distance from port 7 to port 8 (m) Distance from port 8 to port 9 (m) Quantity Q full (valve open) One-half Q full Q (ml/s) port 0 (Pa) port 1 (Pa) port 2 (Pa) port 3 (Pa) port 4 (Pa) port 5 (Pa) port 6 (Pa) port 7 (Pa) port 8 (Pa) port 9 (Pa) Calculate the following quantities: Quantity Q full (valve open) One-half Q full V (1/2 pipe) Re (1/2 pipe) V (1 pipe) Re (1 pipe)

4 CEE 331 Lab 4 Page 4 of 5 For each of the 10 ports calculate: EGL HGL And plot the two lines using a solid line for EGL and dashed line for HGL on a plot with the approximate location of each port (x position = position downstream of port 0) For each of the losses measured between ports calculate the following values from your measurements (Measured) and use minor and major loss theory to predict the value (Predicted): Quantity Measured Predicted h L (between 0 and 1) f (between 0 and 1) h L (between 1 and 2) K L (between 1 and 2) h L (between 2 and 3) K L (between 2 and 3) h L (between 3 and 4) K L (between 3 and 4) h L (between 5 and 6) K L (between 5 and 6) h L (between 7 and 8) K L (between 7 and 8) h L (between 8 and 9) K L (between 8 and 9) h L (between 0 and 9) K L (between 0 and 9) Q full (valve open) One-half Q full Q full (valve open) One-half Q full Finally, Make sketches of the laminar, transitional and turbulent dye visualizations and report the associated Reynolds numbers. Keep your write-up simple submit the above tables filled in along with your EGL/HGL plot and sketches. One submission per group with the names of those who participated CLEARLY MARKED.

5 CEE 331 Lab 4 Page 5 of 5 Experimental Apparatus (Numbers denote pressure sensors) Q 0 Dye 1 2 Contraction Short Radius Turn (90 o ) 3 Valve Contraction Expansion Long Radius Turn

### MEMORIAL UNIVERSITY OF NEWFOUNDLAND Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY PIPE FRICTION

MEMORIAL UNIVERSITY OF NEWFOUNDLAND Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY PIPE FRICTION Objective To estimate the fluid pressure drops and roughness specifications for copper

### Experiment 8: Minor Losses

Experiment 8: Minor Losses Purpose: To determine the loss factors for flow through a range of pipe fittings including bends, a contraction, an enlargement and a gate-valve. Introduction: Energy losses

### H16 Losses in Piping Systems

H16 Losses in Piping Systems The equipment described in this manual is manufactured and distributed by TECQUIPMENT LIMITED Suppliers of technological laboratory equipment designed for teaching. BONSALL

### Armfield Distillation Column Operation Guidelines

Armfield Distillation Column Operation Guidelines 11-2016 R.Cox Safety SAFETY GLASSES ARE REQUIRED WHEN OPERATING THE DISTILLATION COLUMN Wear gloves when mixing alcohol feedstock The column will become

### The Discussion of this exercise covers the following points:

Exercise 5-3 Wet Reference Leg EXERCISE OBJECTIVE Learn to measure the level in a vessel using a wet reference leg. DISCUSSION OUTLINE The Discussion of this exercise covers the following points: Measuring

### SPH 4C Unit 4 Hydraulics and Pneumatic Systems

SPH 4C Unit 4 Hydraulics and Pneumatic Systems Properties of Fluids and Pressure Learning Goal: I can explain the properties of fluids and identify associated units. Definitions: Fluid: A substance that

### International Journal of Technical Research and Applications e-issn: , Volume 4, Issue 3 (May-June, 2016), PP.

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF FEED CHECK VALVE AS CONTROL VALVE USING CFD SOFTWARE R.Nikhil M.Tech Student Industrial & Production Engineering National Institute of Engineering Mysuru, Karnataka, India -570008

### Lab. Manual. Fluid Mechanics. The Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering

Lab. Manual of Fluid Mechanics The Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering General Safety rules to be followed in Fluid Mechanics Lab: 1. Always wear shoes before entering lab. 2. Do not touch

### Pump Performance Testing

Pump Performance Testing SAFETY Keep water away from all electrical equipment except the pump, and do your best to keep the pump motor dry. Don t handle the power supply or multimeter(s) with wet hands

### Laboratory Mortar Mixer (Testing)

TomTom-Tools GmbH Zelgli 20 8905 Arni info@tomtom-tools.com Switzerland www.tomtom-tools.com User Manual Version February 22, 2015 Laboratory Mortar Mixer (Testing) 1 Introduction The Laboratory Mortar

### 1. Study the performance of a binary distillation column operated in batch mode.

Goals for batch distillation using the East distillation column: 1. Study the performance of a binary distillation column operated in batch mode. 2. Determine the overall and local efficiency of the column

### Transpiration. DataQuest OBJECTIVES MATERIALS

Transpiration DataQuest 13 Water is transported in plants, from the roots to the leaves, following a decreasing water potential gradient. Transpiration, or loss of water from the leaves, helps to create

### Winter Shut Down Procedure

Winter Shut Down Procedure Although we live in Beautiful BC, we still experience freezing temperatures. To minimize the risk of freeze damage to your irrigation system, you ll need to winterize it. Our

### Boyle s Law: Pressure-Volume Relationship in Gases

Boyle s Law: Pressure-Volume Relationship in Gases The primary objective of this experiment is to determine the relationship between the pressure and volume of a confined gas. The gas we will use is air,

### Cover Page for Lab Report Group Portion. Boundary Layer Measurements

Cover Page for Lab Report Group Portion Boundary Layer Measurements Prepared by Professor J. M. Cimbala, Penn State University Latest revision: 30 March 2012 Name 1: Name 2: Name 3: [Name 4: ] Date: Section

### product manual HM-4140, HM-4150, HM-4160 HM-4160A HM-4150 Humboldt FlexPanels

12.09 product manual HM-4140, HM-4150, HM-4160 HM-4160A HM-4150 Humboldt FlexPanels Introduction: This manual covers the installation and operation of Humboldt FlexPanels for Triaxial and Permeability

### The Discussion of this exercise covers the following points:

Exercise 3-2 Orifice Plates EXERCISE OBJECTIVE In this exercise, you will study how differential pressure flowmeters operate. You will describe the relationship between the flow rate and the pressure drop

### By Syed Ahmed Amin Shah 4 th semester Class No 8 Submitted To Engr. Saeed Ahmed

EXPERIMENT # 01 DEMONSTRATION OF VARIOUS PARTS OF HYDRAULIC BENCH. HYDRAULIC BENCH Hydraulic bench is a very useful apparatus in hydraulics and fluid mechanics it is involved in majority of experiments

### Core practical 14: Investigate the relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at fixed temperature

Core practical 14 Teacher sheet pressure To measure the volume of a gas at constant temperature but varying pressure Specification links Students should carry out this work with due attention to safety

### Orifice & Free Jet Flow. Instruction Manual F1-17 ISSUE 8

Orifice & Free Jet Flow Instruction Manual F1-17 ISSUE 8 November 2013 Table of Contents Copyright and Trademarks... 1 General Overview... 2 Equipment Diagrams... 3 Important Safety Information... 4 Introduction...

### Gas Absorption Column CAG

Gas Absorption Column CAG Engineering and Technical Teaching Equipment PROCESS DIAGRAM AND UNIT ELEMENTS ALLOCATION ISO 9001: Quality Management (for Design, Manufacturing, Commercialization and After-sales

### PMI Pulse Decay Permeameter for Shale Rock Characterization Yang Yu, Scientist Porous Materials Inc., 20 Dutch Mill Road, Ithaca NY 14850

PMI Pulse Decay Permeameter for Shale Rock Characterization Yang Yu, Scientist Porous Materials Inc., 20 Dutch Mill Road, Ithaca NY 14850 This document describes the application of Pulse Decay Permeameter

### STANDARD FOR CONTROL VALVE SEAT LEAKAGE

11-3 STANDARD FOR CONTROL VALVE SEAT LEAKAGE 1. PURPOSE 1.1 This standard establishes a series of seat leakage classes for control valves and defines the test procedures. 2. SCOPE & LIMITATIONS 2.1 Selection

### Performance Characteristics of Airlift Pumps with Vortex Induced by Tangential Fluid Injection

Bucknell University Bucknell Digital Commons Honors Theses Student Theses 2011 Performance Characteristics of Airlift Pumps with Vortex Induced by Tangential Fluid Injection Jacob Riglin Bucknell University

### SMALL PISTON HEAT ENGINE APPARATUS

Instruction Manual and Experiment Guide for the PASCO scientific Model TD-8592 012-08375A SMALL PISTON HEAT ENGINE APPARATUS The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the

### 6800 Maintenance Instruction System Flush Procedure

Equipment Required FA74005 FA65318 FA900005 FA900003 Damper Drain Tube 6800 Cover Removal Tool Beaker 0.25 Litre Solvent Cleaning Bottle FA940021 Syringe Polypropylene 50 ml as required FA999045 Gloves

### 1.2 Example 1: A simple hydraulic system

Note: It is possible to use more than one fluid in the Hydraulic library. This is important because you can model combined cooling and lubrication systems of a library. The hydraulic library assumes a

1 3 01-12 SUBJECT DATE SPN 4334/FMI 2, 3, 4, 7 and SPN 4375/FMI 6 February 2012 Additions, Revisions, or Updates Publication Number / Title Platform Section Title Change SPN 4334/FMI 2 DDC-SVC-MAN-0084

### Quantitative Analysis of Hydrocarbons by Gas Chromatography

Quantitative Analysis of Hydrocarbons by Gas Chromatography Introduction Gas-liquid chromatography (GLC) accomplishes a separation by partitioning solutes between a mobile gas phase and a stationary liquid

### Lab 4: Transpiration

Lab 4: Transpiration Water is transported in plants, from the roots to the leaves, following a decreasing water potential gradient. Transpiration, or loss of water from the leaves, helps to create a lower

### USER MANUAL. For the lab scale MINILOOP

USER MANUAL For the lab scale MINILOOP Table of content 1 Introduction... 3 2 Miniloop and equipment... 4 3 Operating the Miniloop... 7 3.1 Start up and shut down procedures.... 7 3.2 User interface...

### 1. The principle of fluid pressure that is used in hydraulic brakes or lifts is that:

University Physics (Prof. David Flory) Chapt_15 Thursday, November 15, 2007 Page 1 Name: Date: 1. The principle of fluid pressure that is used in hydraulic brakes or lifts is that: A) pressure is the same

### Smart Water Application Technologies (SWAT) TM

Smart Water Application Technologies (SWAT) TM Equipment Functionality Test Protocol Version 2.3 June 2014 SWAT Committee 8280 Willow Oaks Corporate Drive Suite 400 Fairfax, VA 22031 www.irrigation.org

### South-Tek Systems - Nitrogen Generation Corrosion Inhibiting System. Designed for: Dry or Preaction Fire Protection Systems (FPS)

South-Tek Systems - Nitrogen Generation Corrosion Inhibiting System Designed for: Dry or Preaction Fire Protection Systems (FPS) 1.0 Description of Work 1.1 The Fire Sprinkler Contractor shall provide

### Journal of Applied Fluid Transients, Vol 1-1, April 2014 (3-1)

Modeling and Field Verification Study of Air Slam Conditions on kalanit Pipeline System By Yiftach Brunner & Sathish Kumar ir valves are integral part of long water transmission mains and are essential

### DNVGL-CP-0187 Edition March 2016

CLASS PROGRAMME Type approval DNVGL-CP-0187 Edition March 2016 The electronic pdf version of this document, available free of charge from http://www.dnvgl.com, is the officially binding version. FOREWORD

### Exercise 5-2. Bubblers EXERCISE OBJECTIVE DISCUSSION OUTLINE. Bubblers DISCUSSION. Learn to measure the level in a vessel using a bubbler.

Exercise 5-2 Bubblers EXERCISE OBJECTIVE Learn to measure the level in a vessel using a bubbler. DISCUSSION OUTLINE The Discussion of this exercise covers the following points: Bubblers How to measure

### Boyle s Law: Pressure-Volume Relationship in Gases. PRELAB QUESTIONS (Answer on your own notebook paper)

Boyle s Law: Pressure-Volume Relationship in Gases Experiment 18 GRADE LEVEL INDICATORS Construct, interpret and apply physical and conceptual models that represent or explain systems, objects, events

### Experiment P18: Buoyant Force (Force Sensor)

PASCO scientific Physics Lab Manual: P18-1 Experiment P18: (Force Sensor) Concept Time SW Interface Macintosh file Windows file Newton's Laws 45 m 300/500/700 P18 P18_BUOY.SWS EQUIPMENT NEEDED CONSUMABLES

### Unit 24: Applications of Pneumatics and Hydraulics

Unit 24: Applications of Pneumatics and Hydraulics Unit code: J/601/1496 QCF level: 4 Credit value: 15 OUTCOME 2 TUTORIAL 9 ACCUMULATORS The material needed for outcome 2 is very extensive so there are

### Boyle s law Verifying the relation between air pressure and volume measuring air pressure in a closed container.

Objective The purpose of this activity is to analyze the relationship between the pressure and volume of a confined gas at constant temperature, create a hypothesis and proceed to test it using the Labdisc

### The Discussion of this exercise covers the following points: Range with an elevated or suppressed zero Suppressed-zero range Elevated-zero range

Exercise 4-3 Zero Suppression and Zero Elevation EXERCISE OBJECTIVE In this exercise, you will learn the effect that mounting a pressure transmitter above or below the reference level has on the hydrostatic

### INSTRUCTOR GUIDE REFERENCES: PUMPING APPARATUS DRIVER/OPERATOR HANDBOOK, FIRST EDITION, IFSTA

TOPIC: RELAY PUMPING OPERATIONS LEVEL OF INSTRUCTION: TIME REQUIRED: ONE HOUR INSTRUCTOR GUIDE MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO VISUAL SUPPORT REFERENCES: PUMPING APPARATUS DRIVER/OPERATOR HANDBOOK, FIRST

### Operations Manual. Internal automatic Pressure control for orbital tube welding. By Exel Orbital Systems, Inc. Page

Operations Manual Internal automatic Pressure control for orbital tube welding. By Exel Orbital Systems, Inc. Page SG1 Overview and Dimensions 5.25 / 133 mm PS Power Supply Connection 4.06 / 103 mm Top

### Joint Expo 2012 February 7-8, 2012 BASIC HYDRAULICS

Tim Sullivan, P.E. Hubbell, Roth & Clark, Inc. Outline Pressure Hydraulic Energy and Head Losses System-Pump Curves Concepts of hydraulics as they relate to Operators and Mechanics Outline Good News Bad

### TEMPERATURE S RELATIONSHIP TO GAS & VAPOR PRESSURE

TEMPERATURE S RELATIONSHIP TO GAS & VAPOR PRESSURE Adapted from "Chemistry with Computers" Vernier Software, Portland OR, 1997 ELECTRONIC LABORATORY NOTEBOOK (ELN) INSTRUCTIONS Read the directions and

### User s Booklet for the Wyatt minidawn Light Scattering Instrumentation

User s Booklet for the Wyatt minidawn Light Scattering Instrumentation The Wyatt minidawn Light Scattering instrument is able to measure the weight average molecular weight of a synthetic polymer or a

### 3.0 Pressure Transmitter Selection

3.0 Pressure Transmitter Selection Each Tronic Line pressure transmitter has different features to meet specific performance, environmental, and price requirements. It is not possible to describe every

### Wet pipe low flow foam/water system

December 6, 2010 Foam 14a 1. The Viking Low Flow Foam/Water proportioning system, is a UL Listed and FM Approved system, for use with Viking supplied foam concentrates. This system consists of a standard

### Exploring the Properties of Gases. Evaluation copy. 10 cm in diameter and 25 cm high)

Exploring the Properties of Gases Computer 30 The purpose of this investigation is to conduct a series of experiments, each of which illustrates a different gas law. You will be given a list of equipment

### CONTENT. General Requirement. 2 Lab Format Lab Reports Self-evaluation Grading of Lab Reports Reference

CE322 Hydraulic Laboratory Component General Information, Requirements, and Instructions (Prepared by Dr. Jim Liou, Department of Civil Engineering, Univ. of Idaho) CONTENT General Requirement. 2 Lab Format

### 6890 GC Site Preparation

6890 GC Site Preparation (a16011) This document is believed to be accurate and up-to-date. However, Agilent Technologies, Inc. cannot assume responsibility for the use of this material. The information

### PRESSURE-TEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIP IN GASES

PRESSURE-TEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIP IN GASES LAB PS2.PALM INTRODUCTION Gases are made up of molecules that are in constant motion and exert pressure when they collide with the walls of their container. The

### MANUAL FLOW CONTROL 2-1/2" - 18" QUICKSET FLOW CHART

This chart performs two functions: It allows you to calculate the permanent pressure drop for any size Quickset or. This figure is useful mostly in the design process, for system calculations. It allows

### Performa Cv Twin Alternating and High Flow Systems. Manual Supplement

Performa Cv Twin Alternating and High Flow Systems Manual Supplement Table of Contents 1.0 Installation and Start-Up.............. 3 Water Line Connection Brine Tank Turbine Connection Connecting Manifold

### Thank You for Attending Today s Webinar. Today s Featured Speaker

Thank You for Attending Today s Webinar Your Host Mike DeLacluyse President Lesman Instrument Company miked@lesman.com Today s Featured Speaker A.J. Piskor Combustion & Controls Specialist Lesman Instrument

### my SYSTEM A guide to common applications in water distribution systems

my SYSTEM A guide to common applications in water distribution systems WWW.SINGERVALVE.COM INDEX This short guide is intended to offer guidance on some of the common problems, applications and questions

### Lab 3: Pumps in Series & Pumps in Parallel

CEE 3620: Water Resources Engineering Spring 2018 Lab 3: Pumps in Series & Pumps in Parallel BACKGROUND Pumps are used to transfer fluid in a system, either at the same elevation or to a new height. The

### A New Way to Handle Changing Fluid Viscosity and the Full-to-empty Effect

A New Way to Handle Changing Fluid Viscosity and the Full-to-empty Effect Nordson EFD, 40 Catamore Blvd., East Providence RI 02914 www.nordsonefd.com A New Way to Handle Changing Fluid Viscosity And the

### Driver Operator Pumps: Basic Pump Operations

Driver Operator Pumps: Basic Pump Operations 5 Skills Total NFPA 1002, Standard for Driver Operator Professional Qualifications, 2014 Edition Driver Operator Pumps: Basic Pump Operations Skills Book NFPA

### Design of a Solid Wall Transonic Wind Tunnel

Design of a Solid Wall Transonic Wind Tunnel David Wall * Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, 36849 A solid wall transonic wind tunnel was designed with optical access from three sides to allow for flow

### TOOL BOX 033- HOSEREEL SERVICE / FAULT FINDING

In SANS 10105 you will find the Minimum water pressure for both the hydrant and the hose reel. Which is 300KPA Manufacturing Standard SANS 543 1 Front & Back plates 2 Curved Plate 3 Waterway assembly 4

### LOW PRESSURE EFFUSION OF GASES revised by Igor Bolotin 03/05/12

LOW PRESSURE EFFUSION OF GASES revised by Igor Bolotin 03/05/ This experiment will introduce you to the kinetic properties of low-pressure gases. You will make observations on the rates with which selected

### A Combined Experimental & Numerical Research Program to Develop a Computer Simulator for Intermittent Gas-lift

37 th Gas-Lift Workshop Houston, Texas, USA February 3 7, 2014 A Combined Experimental & Numerical Research Program to Develop a Computer Simulator for Intermittent Gas-lift Bordalo, S. (1), Barreto, M.

### Smart Water Application Technologies (SWAT)

Smart Water Application Technologies (SWAT) Turf and Landscape Irrigation Equipment PRESSURE REGULATING SPRAY HEAD SPRINKLERS Equipment Functionality Test Testing Protocol Version 3.0 (May 2012) Developed

### FLUID POWER FLUID POWER EQUIPMENT TUTORIAL ACCUMULATORS. This work covers part of outcome 2 of the Edexcel standard module:

FLUID POWER FLUID POWER EQUIPMENT TUTORIAL ACCUMULATORS This work covers part of outcome 2 of the Edexcel standard module: UNIT 21746P APPLIED PNEUMATICS AND HYDRAULICS The material needed for outcome

### INSTRUCTION MANUAL. process. Ultrasonic Flowmeter Range

INSTRUCTION MANUAL process TM Ultrasonic Flowmeter Range process TM CONTENTS Page No 1 General 4 2 Order Codes 4 3 Installation 5 & 6 4 Specifications 7 & 8 1 General 3 Installation The Process Atrato

### Elevator Concepts ltd. by Wurtec Krause Riverview, MI Fax:

Hydraulic System Set-up Ver. 1 4/22/13 18720 Krause Riverview, MI 48193 734.246.4700 Fax: 734.246.2547 www.elevatorconcepts.com ADJUSTMENTS HYDRAULIC SYSTEM SETUP BLAIN EV10 & EV100 ¾ VALVE Refer to Blain

### DRS4-RM Manual. Set Up Instructions for DRS4 Series Single Tank

Set Up Instructions for DRS4 Series Single Tank Inspect the packaging of the equipment to confirm that nothing was damaged during shipping. (Figure 1) Remove the resin tank(s) and valve(s) from the packaging.

### Digital Level Control One and Two Loops Proportional and Integral Control Single-Loop and Cascade Control

Digital Level Control One and Two Loops Proportional and Integral Control Single-Loop and Cascade Control Introduction This experiment offers a look into the broad field of process control. This area of

### Applications of Bernoulli s principle. Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure

Applications of Bernoulli s principle Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure Artery o When blood flows through narrower regions of arteries, the speed increases

### Physics 1021 Experiment 4. Buoyancy

1 Physics 1021 Buoyancy 2 Buoyancy Apparatus and Setup Materials Force probe 1000 ml beaker Vernier Calipers Plastic cylinder String or paper clips Assorted bars and clamps Water Attach the force probe

### LEAP CO 2 Laboratory CO 2 mixtures test facility

LEAP CO 2 Laboratory CO 2 mixtures test facility THE PROJECT AIM CO 2 flows made available by several capture techniques are contaminated with impurities and this affects the design and operations of the

### L 100. Bubble-Tube Level System. Installation, Operation and Maintenance Instructions

L 100 Bubble-Tube Level System Installation, Operation and Maintenance Instructions Figure 1 Contents Section Description Page 1.0 Introduction 2 2.0 Specifications 3 3.0 Installation 3 4.0 Warranty 6

### Vertical Tube Heat Exchanger (VTHX) or The Heat Exchanger Network (HEN) Control Process. Operating Manual

Vertical Tube Heat Exchanger (VTHX) or The Heat Exchanger Network (HEN) Control Process Operating Manual 1/17 9/4/2013 1. Background Heat exchangers are ubiquitous in the industrial world with millions

### 36H SERIES Combination Gas Valve

FAILURE TO READ AND FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY BEFORE INSTALLING OR OPERATING THIS CONTROL COULD CAUSE PERSONAL INJURY AND/OR PROPERTY DAMAGE. DESCRIPTION The 36H series combination gas valve is

### Conventional Ship Testing

Conventional Ship Testing Experimental Methods in Marine Hydrodynamics Lecture in week 34 Chapter 6 in the lecture notes 1 Conventional Ship Testing - Topics: Resistance tests Propeller open water tests

### SCIENCE LAB UTILITY CONTROLS

SCIENCE LAB UTILITY CONTROLS INCORPORATING GAS PRESSURE PROVING GAS PRESSURE PROVING EQUIPMENT - ENGINEERED TO DELIVER EXCEPTIONAL LEVELS OF SAFETY THE MERLIN RANGE DESIGNED FOR EDUCATIONAL LABORATORIES

### Heat Engine. Reading: Appropriate sections for first, second law of thermodynamics, and PV diagrams.

Heat Engine Equipment: Capstone, 2 large glass beakers (one for ice water, the other for boiling water), temperature sensor, pressure sensor, rotary motion sensor, meter stick, calipers, set of weights,

### BGA158, BGA171 and BGA110 Series Shutoff Gas Valve

Installation Instructions BGA Series Issue Date October 3, 2017 BGA158, BGA171 and BGA110 Series Shutoff Gas Valve Applications The BGA Series shutoff gas valve is an electrically operated gas valve that

### UBEC 1AT. AUTO TANK Fill System Installation, Operation, & Setup Instructions

Document Number: XE-ATA5PM-R1A UBEC 1AT AUTO TANK Fill System 08899155 Installation, Operation, & Setup Instructions Rev170906-EB-FRC PHYSICAL: 1302 WEST BEARDSLEY AVE ELKHART, IN 46514 WWW.ELKHARTBRASS.COM

### VAPOR PRESSURE AND ENTHALPY OF VAPORIZATION OF A PURE LIQUID: THE ISOTENISCOPE METHOD

Physical Chemistry Laboratory Experiment I-3b VAPOR PRESSURE AND ENTHALPY OF VAPORIZATION OF A PURE LIQUID: THE ISOTENISCOPE METHOD References: See relevant sections of undergraduate Physical Chemistry

### Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator Apparatus Testing. Chapter Test. Directions: Write the correct letter on the blank before each question.

Chapter 15 Test Name: Date: Directions: Write the correct letter on the blank before each question. Objective 1: Distinguish among preperformance tests for pumping apparatus. 1. Which standard is commonly

### Pre-Lab 6: Gas Law ~ 70 ~

Name: Pre-Lab 6: Gas Law Section: Answer the following questions after reading the background information at the beginning of the lab. This should be completed before coming to lab. 1. Convert the following:

### STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES. Andersen Instruments Federal Reference Method (FRM) Ambient Particulate (PM 10 /PM 2.

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES Andersen Instruments Federal Reference Method (FRM) Ambient Particulate (PM 10 /PM 2.5 ) Sampler (RAAS) AMBIENT AIR MONITORING PROGRAM for the 130 LIBERTY STREET DECONSTRUCTION

### PumpAgents.com - Click here for Pricing/Ordering Nominal psi (bar) Cut-In Cut-Out

PumpAgents.com - Click here for Pricing/Ordering Model 31670-Series Dual Max 7.5 GPM (28 LPM) AUTOMATIC TWO STAGE WATER SYSTEM WITH ACCUMULATOR TANK AND PUMPGARD STRAINER IDEAL FOR PLEASURE AND COMMERCIAL

### CFD for Ballast Water & Bio-fouling Management

CFD for Ballast Water & Bio-fouling Management Vivek V. Ranade Catalysis, Reactors & Separation Unit (CReST) Chemical Engineering Division National Chemical Laboratory Pune 411008 vv.ranade@ncl.res.in

### 2 FUSION FITTINGS FOR USE WITH POLYETHYLENE PRESSURE PIPES DESIGN FOR DYNAMIC STRESSES

Industry Guidelines Part 2 FUSION FITTINGS FOR USE WITH POLYETHYLENE PRESSURE PIPES DESIGN FOR DYNAMIC STRESSES ISSUE 5.1 Ref: POP10B 15 MAR 2010 Disclaimer In formulating this guideline PIPA has relied

November 1993 Prepared By: Ken A. Steward. P.E. Linco-Electromatic, Inc. 4580 West Wall Street Midland, Texas 78703 LPG DRIVER ATTENDED TRANSPORT LOADING INTRODUCTION The safest and most accurate method

### ZIN Technologies PHi Engineering Support. PHi-RPT CFD Analysis of Large Bubble Mixing. June 26, 2006

ZIN Technologies PHi Engineering Support PHi-RPT-0002 CFD Analysis of Large Bubble Mixing Proprietary ZIN Technologies, Inc. For nearly five decades, ZIN Technologies has provided integrated products and

### Fisher DSA Steam-Atomized Desuperheater

Instruction Manual DSA Desuperheater Fisher DSA Steam-Atomized Desuperheater Contents Introduction... 1 Scope of Manual... 1 Description... 1 Principle of Operation... 2 Installation... 2 Operating Instructions...

### Cavitation Bubbles in a Starting Submerged Water Jet

CAV21:sessionA7.5 1 Cavitation Bubbles in a Starting Submerged Water Jet K.Nakano, M.Hayakawa, S.Fujikawa and T.Yano Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan Abstract The behavior

### EXPERIMENT XI. Careful!! Improper handling of the vacuum line may result in the release of SO 2 which is an irritating and suffocating gas.

Chem 366-3 Page XI - 1 EXPERIMENT XI INFRARED SPECTRUM OF SO2 (S&G, 5th ed. Expt 36, 6th ed. Expt. 35) 1. Pre-Lab preparation. The description of this experiment has disappeared from the more recent editions

### Technology issues regarding Blends of Refrigerants Buffalo Research Laboratory

Technology issues regarding Blends of Refrigerants Buffalo Research Laboratory Agenda Basic Characteristics Background Degree of Superheat, degree of subcooling, average coil temperature Handling and setting

### The Study of Bubbly Gas-Water Flow Using

The Study of Bubbly Gas-Water Flow Using Displacement Current Phase Tomography Chris Zuccarelli 1, Benjamin Straiton 1, Joshua Sines 1, Qussai Marashdeh 1 1 Tech4Imaging, 1910 Crown Park Court, Columbus,

### 22. Specialty Valves.

22. Specialty Valves. a. Types of Specialty Valves. 1) Use of the following specialty valves is covered in this section: Altitude Valve, Pressure Reducing Valve, Pressure Relief Valve, Swing Check Valve,