# Joint Expo 2012 February 7-8, 2012 BASIC HYDRAULICS

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 Tim Sullivan, P.E. Hubbell, Roth & Clark, Inc.

2 Outline Pressure Hydraulic Energy and Head Losses System-Pump Curves Concepts of hydraulics as they relate to Operators and Mechanics

3 Outline Good News Bad News

4 Outline Formulas & Math

5 Outline Good News? No Test

6 Outline Formulas & Math

7 Pressure Depth Weight Pressure = of x of Water Water

8 Pressure (ft) 1 ft PSI 4 1 ft 2 ft PSI 2 ft 3 ft PSI 4 3 ft

9 Pressure (in psi)

10 Pressure (psi per ft) 2.3 ft PSI 4 1 psi 4.6 ft PSI 2 psi 6.9 ft PSI 4 3 psi

11 Pressure (psi per ft) 50 psi 2.3 ft PSI 4 51 psi 4.6 ft PSI 52 psi 6.9 ft PSI 4 53 psi

12 Pressure (Gauge vs Absolute) psi g & psi a psi a = psi g psi

13 Pressure (Gauge vs Absolute) 14.7 psi Absolute Gauge psi a 2.3 ft PSI 4 1 psi g 16.7 psi a 4.6 ft PSI 2 psi g 17.7 psi a 6.9 ft PSI 4 3 psi g

14 Pressure Is all pressure positive?

15 Pressure (Suction Lift)? psi PSI ft Water Lever

16 Pressure (Suction Lift) -10 psi PSI ft Water Lever

17 Compound Gauge PSI 20

18 Pressure (Suction Lift) Water Level 10 psi -10 psi PSI PSI ft Total Pressure developed by pump 23 ft = 20 psi Water Level

19 Pressure (Water(?) Cooler) 1ft negative pressure 1ft

20 Hydraulic Energy Bernoulli Theorem

21 Hydraulic Energy

22 Hydraulic Energy Bernoulli Theorem Pressure (ft) Velocity (ft) Height (ft)

23 Pipe Pressure 50 psi PSI ft 60 psi PSI 100

24 Pipe Pressure - Energy psi + 23 ft PSI PSI 50 psi + 23 ft 60 psi + 0 ft 23 ft PSI 100 Constant Diameter

25 Pipe Velocity Energy Kinetic Energy = Velocity Head

26 Pipe Velocity Energy EGL PSI 100 Pressure Energy Decreases Kinetic Energy Increase 50? PSI Kinetic Energy Pressure Energy PSI 100 HGL 50 psi 50 psi Flow 1 V 1 V V 3

27 Pipe Pressure Eductor EGL Kinetic Energy Pressure Energy HGL 50 psi 50 psi PSI ? PSI 0 PSI 100 Very Fast Flow 1 V 1 V V 3 Negative Pressure = Vacuum

28 Bernoulli Theorem in air Fast Air Velocity LOWER Air Pressure Air travels over top and bottom The air over the top travels farther thus faster The lower air pressure on the top creates lift

29 Pipe Pressure - Energy Real World: Energy A = Energy B + Losses

30 Pipe Pressure - Energy PSI psi 50 psi PSI psi 23 ft PSI 100 No Flow

31 Pipe Pressure - Energy PSI psi psi PSI psi 23 ft PSI 100 Some Flow

32 Pipe Pressure - Energy PSI psi psi PSI psi 55 psi 23 ft PSI 100 Lotsa Flow

33 Pipe Pressure - Energy Engineers spend a lot of time with HEADLOSS

34 Headloss Minor Losses Friction Losses

35 Minor Loss Water moving through: Valves Fittings Entrance/Exit Reducers

36 Major Loss?

37 Minor Loss Values of K: 0.2 = Gate Valve 0.5 = 90 Bend 1.5 = Tee 2.0 = Swing Check Valve 10.0 = Disk Check Valve 70.0 = Ball Check Valve!

38 Minor Loss if K = 23, V = 8 fps, then: = 23 ft pressure loss = 10 psi pressure loss

39 Friction Loss

40 Friction Loss Length & Headloss

41 Friction Loss Diameter & Headloss

42 Friction Loss

43 Friction Loss Diameter & Headloss?

44 Friction Loss Diameter & Headloss

45 Be Careful of True Diameter 12 Ductile Iron 12 HDPE O.D. = 13.1 I.D. = 12.2 O.D. = 13.2 I.D. = 10.8

46 Be careful of the diameter of your glass Although they restricted themselves to one drink at lunch time, Howard and Tom still found they were not at their most productive in the afternoons

47 Friction Loss + Minor Loss K

48 Friction Loss + Minor Loss Is this going somewhere? Yep..System Curve then Pump Curve

49 System Curve 2 System Extremes 1. Lift Station 2. Force Main

50 System Curve Lift Station High Static Lift Low Losses

51 System Curve Lift Station E Static Lift

52 System Curve Lift Station E Static Max Min Static Lift Lift Wet Well Level High Low

53 System Curve TDH (ft) Losses Min Static Lift Max Static Lift Flow (gpm)

54 System Curve Force Main Little/no static lift High losses

55 System Curve Lift Station E

56 System Curve TDH Same Duty Point Flow (gpm)

57 Pump Curve TDH Flow (gpm)

58 Pump Curve Allowable Operating Range TDH Preferred Operating Range Flow (gpm)

59 Pump Efficiency BEP 80% 70% TDH 60% Flow (gpm)

60 Pump Curve BEP TDH Flow (gpm)

61 Pump Curve Add Valves And Pipe TDH Flow (gpm)

62 Pump Curve TDH Increase Diameter Flow (gpm)

63 Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) TDH 40 Hz 45 Hz 50 Hz 65 Hz 55 Hz Flow (gpm)

64 Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) BEP TDH 40 Hz 45 Hz 50 Hz 65 Hz 55 Hz Flow (gpm)

65 Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) BEP TDH 40 Hz 45 Hz 50 Hz 65 Hz 55 Hz Flow (gpm)

66 Title? PSI PSI 100

67 Title? PSI PSI PSI PSI 100

68 Joint Expo 2013 Open Channel Flow? Questions? Thank You Tim Sullivan IS GOING TO MESS SOMEBODY UP

### Pumping Systems for Landscaping Pumps, Controls and Accessories. Mark Snyder, PE

October 21, 2010 Pumping Systems for Landscaping Pumps, Controls and Accessories Mark Snyder, PE Pump Station Design Purpose of Pump Stations Pump stations are designed to boost water pressure from a lower

### MATH AND MAINTENANCE FOR PUMPS AND BLOWERS TRAINING SEMINAR

MATH AND MAINTENANCE FOR PUMPS AND BLOWERS TRAINING SEMINAR FORCE WEIGHT OF WATER MEASURED IN POUNDS PRESSURE = FORCE PER UNIT AREA WEIGHT PER UNIT AREA PRESSURE (PSI) = FORCE (LBS) / AREA (IN 2 ) P (PSI)

### iphone Application Slurry Pump System Calculator Instructions

iphone Application Slurry Pump System Calculator Instructions Press + to start a New Calculation Enter in Title of the Calculation. Press on saved calculation to open and start calculation. Select U.S.

### A centrifugal pump consists of an impeller attached to and rotating with the shaft and a casing that encloses the impeller.

Centrifugal pump How centrifugal pumps work A centrifugal pump consists of an impeller attached to and rotating with the shaft and a casing that encloses the impeller. In centrifugal pump, liquid is forced

### Centrifugal Pump Intro

Pump ED 101 Joe Evans, Ph.D http://www.pumped101.com Centrifugal Pump Intro Part 1 - Elementary Mechanics & Hydraulics What is a Centrifugal Pump? It is a machine that imparts energy to a fluid causing

### TUTORIAL. NPSHA for those who hate that stuffy word. by Jacques Chaurette p. eng. copyright 2006

TUTORIAL NPSHA for those who hate that stuffy word by Jacques Chaurette p. eng. www.lightmypump.com copyright 2006 page.2 NPSHA for those who hate that stuffy word This article follows the same approach

### FACHGESPRÄCH 3 NPSH NPSH3. Let us call it: CAVITATION A LOOK UNDER THE HOOD

FACHGESPRÄCH 3 NPSH Let us call it: NPSH3 CAVITATION A LOOK UNDER THE HOOD OUR APPROACH TO LEARNING AT THIS PRESTIGIOUS W.T.F. FORMULAS DEFINITIONS B.U.T.Ts Broadly Useful Technical Tips T.I.T.S T.I.T.S

### Office Use Only Fee Paid

WASHOE COUNTY HEALTH DISTRICT ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SERVICES DIVISION 1001 East Ninth Street PO Box 11130 Reno, Nevada 89520 Telephone (775) 328-2434 Fax (775) 328-6176 www.washoecounty.us/health APPLICATION

### Valves. Controllers. Valves Two Types

Hydraulics Taking the Irritation out of Irrigation My plants are getting irrigated, so I m all set, right? Marcus Duck Academic Advisor, Instructor & Program Coordinator MSU s 2-year Horticulture Programs

### The Discussion of this exercise covers the following points: Pumps Basic operation of a liquid pump Types of liquid pumps The centrifugal pump.

Exercise 2-3 Centrifugal Pumps EXERCISE OBJECTIVE In this exercise, you will become familiar with the operation of a centrifugal pump and read its performance chart. You will also observe the effect that

### Dan Johnson, CBP Swim, Incorporated Lead Dog Aquatic Consulting

Dan Johnson, CBP Swim, Incorporated Lead Dog Aquatic Consulting APSP/ANSI-7 Writing Committee APSP/ANSI/ICC-15 Writing Committee APSP/ANSI/ICC-5 Writing Committee (Chairman) International Swimming Pool

### Curves GL-599 R1. Series A-C Hz

Curves GL-599 R1 Series A-C 8100 60 Hz Horizontal Split Case Base Mounted Double Suction Pump Performance Curves TABLE OF CONTENTS Useful Pump Formulas 2 Full Hydraulic Range Curves 3 3500 RPM Pump Curves

### Chapter 9 System Design Procedures

Chapter 9 CHAPTER 9 SYSTEM DESIGN PROCEDURES TABLE OF CONTENTS PART 9.1 GENERAL 9-1 PART 9.2 EXAMPLE 1, LOW PRESSURE GRAVITY SYSTEM 9-1 PART 9.3 EXAMPLE 2, PUMPED AUTOMATIC PRESSURE PIPELINE 9-4 9.3.1

### Hydronic Systems Balance

Hydronic Systems Balance Balancing Is Misunderstood Balancing is application of fundamental hydronic system math Balance Adjustment of friction loss location Adjustment of pump to requirements By definition:

### Practical Guide. By Steven T. Taylor, P.E., Member ASHRAE

ractical Guide The following article was published in ASHRAE Journal, March 2003. Copyright 2003 American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air- Conditioning Engineers, Inc. It is presented for educational

### Transient Analysis and Design Considerations for Hydraulic Pipelines. Jonathan Funk, EIT

Transient Analysis and Design Considerations for Hydraulic Pipelines Jonathan Funk, EIT Transient Analysis 2 Objectives Develop an intuitive understanding of water hammer and transient response Present

### SELECTION & APPLICATION

G O R M A N - R U P P P U M P S SELECTION & APPLICATION OF SELF-PRIMING CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS GRpumps.com G O R M A N - R U P P P U M P S PUMP SELECTION To assist with the selection of self-priming pumps,

### Master Control Systems, Inc. Variable Speed Fire Pump Controllers

Master Control Systems, Inc. Variable Speed Fire Pump Controllers Meets NFPA 20-2013 UL/FM Listed and Approved for fire protections 1 Why Variable Speed? Huge Sprinkler System and Standpipe Cost Savings

### Master Control Systems, Inc. Variable Speed Fire Pump Controllers

Master Control Systems, Inc. Variable Speed Fire Pump Controllers Meets NFPA 20-2019 UL/FM Listed and Approved for fire protections * Pressure Limiting Control * Suction Limiting Control Why Variable Speed?

### then the work done is, if the force and the displacement are in opposite directions, then the work done is.

1. What is the formula for work? W= x 2. What are the 8 forms of energy? 3. Write the formula for the following: Kinetic Energy Potential Energy 4. If the force and the displacement are in the same direction,

### pvc well casing & drop pipe

C e r t a i nte e d pvc well casing & drop pipe P V C We l l P r o d u c t s Sure Fit PVC well casing and drop pipe have gained broad acceptance since their introduction almost 40 years ago. Today, due

### SyncroFlo Municipal University and Hydraulic Institute, Pump Systems Optimization

SyncroFlo Municipal University and Hydraulic Institute, Pump Systems Optimization COURSE SYLLABUS September 16 th 18 th, 2013 9/16/13 Day One Hydraulic Institute Workshop (8:30am) PUMP SYSTEMS OPTIMIZATION:

### APPENDIX A RECOMMENDED RULES FOR SIZING THE WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM CHART A 1.2 FRICTION LOSSES FOR DISK-TYPE WATER METERS 1-1/2"

RECOMMENDED RULES FOR SIZING THE WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM Because of the variable conditions encountered, it is impractical to lay down definite detailed rules of procedure for determining the sizes of water

### appendix a recommended rules For sizing the water supply system PRE-PRINT Chart a 1.2 FriCtion losses For Disk-type water Meters

recommended rules For sizing the water supply system Because of the variable conditions encountered, it is impractical to lay down definite detailed rules of procedure for determining the sizes of water

### APPENDIX A RECOMMENDED RULES FOR SIZING THE WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS CHART A-1 FRICTION LOSSES FOR DISK-TYPE WATER METERS 1-1/2"

RECOMMENDED RULES FOR SIZING THE WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS Because of the variable conditions encountered, it is impractical to lay down definite detailed rules of procedure for determining the sizes of water

### SIZING THE WELL-X-TROL

West Warwick, Rhode Island 02893 SIZING THE WELL-X-TROL POTABLE WATER WELL TANK Table 1. Series 420 & 447 Pressure Switch This handbook will discuss the basic sizing used for our larger Well-X-Trols such

### Process Dynamics, Operations, and Control Lecture Notes - 20

Lesson 0. Control valves 0.0 Context Controller output is a signal that varies between 0 and 100%. Putting this signal to use requires a final control element, a device that responds to the controller

### CVEN 311 Fluid Dynamics Fall Semester 2011 Dr. Kelly Brumbelow, Texas A&M University. Final Exam

CVEN 311 Fluid Dynamics Fall Semester 2011 Dr. Kelly Brumbelow, Texas A&M University Final Exam 8 pages, front & back, not including reference sheets; 21 questions An excerpt from the NCEES Fundamentals

### Experiment 8: Minor Losses

Experiment 8: Minor Losses Purpose: To determine the loss factors for flow through a range of pipe fittings including bends, a contraction, an enlargement and a gate-valve. Introduction: Energy losses

### Exercise 4-2. Centrifugal Pumps EXERCISE OBJECTIVE DISCUSSION OUTLINE DISCUSSION. Pumps

Exercise 4-2 Centrifugal Pumps EXERCISE OBJECTIVE Familiarize yourself with the basics of liquid pumps, specifically with the basics of centrifugal pumps. DISCUSSION OUTLINE The Discussion of this exercise

### Experiment (13): Flow channel

Experiment (13): Flow channel Introduction: An open channel is a duct in which the liquid flows with a free surface exposed to atmospheric pressure. Along the length of the duct, the pressure at the surface

### Back to Basics: Pumping Systems RM ASHRAE TECH CONFERENCE

Back to Basics: Pumping Systems RM ASHRAE TECH CONFERENCE 4/29/2016 1 AGENDA Closed loop heating and cooling piping systems Expansion Tanks Pumps 2 BASIC PUMPING LOOP Nice and simple too simple? Constant

### 4x6x10M. 6x8x12M GPM CUBIC METERS PER HOUR. 8x10x20S. 8x8x17. 6x8x17M. 8x10x17S. 10x12x14. 6x8x12XL. 8x10x12L. 4x6x12A. 6x8x12M. 6x8x12S.

METERS FEET 3 RPM 6 1 4 7 4 3 1 2x3x11L 1 3 4 1 3 4 GPM METERS FEET 118 RPM 1 4 3 8 4x6x12A 6 1 4 4x6xM 3 4 3 2 3 1 8 6 4 4 2x3x11L 2x3x11S 2x3x11S 3 4 7 1 3 4 7 1 CUBIC METERS PER HOUR 6x8x17L 4x6x14L

### FLUID DYNAMICS Ch.E-204 Umair Aslam Lecturer Department of Chemical Engineering

FLUID DYNAMICS Ch.E-204 Umair Aslam Lecturer Department of Chemical Engineering Fluid Mechanics is the branch of physics that studies fluids (liquids, gases, and plasmas) and the forces on them. Fluid

### SUMMARY PROBLEMS CAUSED BY BACKFLOW IN PIPE SYSTEMS.

Page 1 of 11 SUMMARY There are many problems derived from a reverse flow in a piping system. A solution presented in this paper is the WaStop inline check valve. The paper aims to explain some of the important

### Dean Pump Self-Priming Chemical Process Pumps

Bulletin C 1.2.34.7 Dean Pump Self-Priming Chemical Process Pumps php Series HEAD CAPACITY RANGE CHARTS php Self Primer - 2 Pole 3500 RPM 500 CAPACITY M 3 /HR 2900 RPM 50 HERTZ 25 50 75 125 150 400 TOTAL

### Geothermal Alliance of Illinois Non-Pressurized Flow Centers

Geothermal Alliance of Illinois Non-Pressurized Flow Centers Commonly referred to as: Flowcenters Atmospheric Pumps Pump Station Flow Station Zero Pressure Pump Source Pump Pumps Wrongly referred to

### SIZING OF WATER PIPING SYSTEM

SIZING OF WATER PIPING SYSTEM (This appendix is informative and is not part of the code.) SECTION AP101 GENERAL AP101.1 Scope. AP101.1.1 This appendix outlines two procedures for sizing a water piping

### APPLYING VARIABLE SPEED PRESSURE LIMITING CONTROL DRIVER FIRE PUMPS. SEC Project No

APPLYING VARIABLE SPEED PRESSURE LIMITING CONTROL DRIVER FIRE PUMPS SEC Project No. 1803007-000 November 20, 2006 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. ABSTRACT...1 II. INTRODUCTION...1 III. HISTORY...2 IV. VARIABLE SPEED

### PREVIEW COPY. Table of Contents. Basic Pumping Concepts...3. Maintaining Packing and Seals Lesson Three Maintaining Centrifugal Pumps...

Table of Contents Lesson One Lesson Two Basic Pumping Concepts...3 Maintaining Packing and Seals...19 Lesson Three Maintaining Centrifugal Pumps...37 Lesson Four Overhauling Centrifugal Pumps...53 Lesson

### PHYS 101 Previous Exam Problems

PHYS 101 Previous Exam Problems CHAPTER 14 Fluids Fluids at rest pressure vs. depth Pascal s principle Archimedes s principle Buoynat forces Fluids in motion: Continuity & Bernoulli equations 1. How deep

### Pump Selection and Sizing (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE)

Guidelines for Processing Plant Page : 1 of 64 Feb 2007 (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE) Author: A L Ling Checked by: Karl Kolmetz TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION Scope 5 General Design Consideration Type

### Understanding and Compliance of the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act

Understanding and Compliance of the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act Sponsored by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission Presented By: Rick English, Certified Building Professional, CPOI

### Chapter 10: Bidirectional Flow Controls

Chapter 10: Bidirectional Flow Controls Objectives Learn about the patented, bidirectional flow control valves. Understand how the flow force affects the performance of the ZL70-36. Learn why there is

### (Refer Slide Time: 2:16)

Fluid Machines. Professor Sankar Kumar Som. Department Of Mechanical Engineering. Indian Institute Of Technology Kharagpur. Lecture-23. Diffuser and Cavitation. Good morning and welcome you all to this

### Selecting Flow Metering Sites And Evaluating Data

Insert Slide Title Here Selecting Flow Metering Sites And Evaluating Data Patrick L. Stevens, PE Luis Mijares PStevens2@Idexcorp.com LMijares@Idexcorp.com ADS Environmental Services Strategy for Selecting

### Exercise 2-3. Flow Rate and Velocity EXERCISE OBJECTIVE C C C

Exercise 2-3 EXERCISE OBJECTIVE C C C To describe the operation of a flow control valve; To establish the relationship between flow rate and velocity; To operate meter-in, meter-out, and bypass flow control

### Asheville s Fairview Water System Improvements: from Modeling to Contract Documents. April 19, 2016 Meg Roberts, PE

Asheville s Fairview Water System Improvements: from Modeling to Contract Documents April 19, 2016 Meg Roberts, PE City of Asheville Water Distribution System Customer elevations range 1,950 feet to 3,650

### SPH 4C Unit 4 Hydraulics and Pneumatic Systems

SPH 4C Unit 4 Hydraulics and Pneumatic Systems Properties of Fluids and Pressure Learning Goal: I can explain the properties of fluids and identify associated units. Definitions: Fluid: A substance that

### DW Module 8: Distribution Answer Key

DW Module 8: Distribution Answer Key Unit 1: Unit 1 Exercise 1. To become certified in distribution systems, a person must: a. Successfully complete the Water Class E Distribution System certification

### Pressure is defined as force per unit area. Any fluid can exert a force

Physics Notes Chapter 9 Fluid Mechanics Fluids Fluids are materials that flow, which include both liquids and gases. Liquids have a definite volume but gases do not. In our analysis of fluids it is necessary

### Case 12 Multistage Centrifugal Refrigeration System Halocarbon Refrigerant

Case 12 Multistage Centrifugal Refrigeration System Halocarbon Refrigerant Copy Right By: Thomas T.S. Wan 温 ) April 15, 2011 All Rights Reserved Case Background: This case is to show how to achieve the

### This portion of the piping tutorial covers control valve sizing, control valves, and the use of nodes.

Piping Tutorial A piping network represents the flow of fluids through several pieces of equipment. If sufficient variables (flow rate and pressure) are specified on the piping network, CHEMCAD calculates

### THE INNER WORKINGS OF A SIPHON Jacques Chaurette p. eng. January 2003

THE INNER WORKINGS OF A SIPHON Jacques Chaurette p. eng. www.lightmypump.com January 2003 Synopsis The objective of this article is to explain how a siphon works. The difference between low pressure, atmospheric

### Irrigation System Winterization and Pressurization Procedures

Irrigation System Winterization and Pressurization Procedures Introduction Any time that an irrigation system is filled and pressurized, or when the system is drained and water flushed from the system,

### Chapter 13 Fluids. Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 13 Fluids Phases of Matter Density and Specific Gravity Pressure in Fluids Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure Pascal s Principle Units of Chapter 13 Measurement of Pressure; Gauges and the

### MANUAL FLOW CONTROL 2-1/2" - 18" QUICKSET FLOW CHART

This chart performs two functions: It allows you to calculate the permanent pressure drop for any size Quickset or. This figure is useful mostly in the design process, for system calculations. It allows

### PX800 M E T A L PX800 PERFORMANCE WIL T-08

PX800 M E T A L PX800 PERFORMANCE WIL-11220-T-08 Section 5B Pro-Flo X TM Operating Principal The Pro-Flo X air distribution system with the revolutionary Efficiency Management System (EMS) offers flexibility

### PORT ST. LUCIE UTILITY SYSTEMS DEPARTMENT FLUSHING REPORT

FLUSHING REPORT Project Name: : of Record: Date of Inspection: Date Gallons Minutes Gallons Location of Test Per Minute Flushed Flushed Number of pigs used:. Total Gallons Flushed Number of pigs retreived:.

### FIRE LOGISTICS AND MATH EDUCATION A Rumpke Public Outreach Program

FIRE LOGISTICS AND MATH EDUCATION A Rumpke Public Outreach Program Welcome & Introductions Identify emergency exits to all participants. Identify location of restroom facilities. Cover any other related

### Hours / 100 Marks Seat No.

17421 15116 3 Hours / 100 Seat No. Instructions (1) All Questions are Compulsory. (2) Answer each next main Question on a new page. (3) Illustrate your answers with neat sketches wherever necessary. (4)

### NOTES ON WATER HAMMER. 55

NOTES ON WATER HAMMER. 55 NOTES ON WATER HAMMER. By A. B. Robison. When the flow conditions of a liquid in a pipe line are varied by the opening or closing of a valve or the equivalent, a change in the

### Applied Fluid Mechanics

Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and

### Diaphragm pop-pop engine

Diaphragm pop-pop engine By Jean-Yves Based on some knowledge got from previous engines we decided to build a new one in order to test various diaphragms. Therefore, where the diaphragm is usually pinched

### TECHNICAL DATA. Page 1 of 12

Page 1 of 12 1. DESCRIPTION The Viking Regulating Valve is a direct-acting, single-seated, spring-loaded diaphragm valve. When installed as a pilot regulating valve on a Viking Model H or J Flow Control

### Theory, Applications and Sizing of Air Valves

Practice + Operations Theory, Applications and Sizing of Air Valves Val-Matic Valve & Mfg. Corp. When air is allowed to accumulate in pressurized pipelines, efficiency is sacrificed and serious damage

### Chapter 9 Fluids and Buoyant Force

Chapter 9 Fluids and Buoyant Force In Physics, liquids and gases are collectively called fluids. 3/0/018 8:56 AM 1 Fluids and Buoyant Force Formula for Mass Density density mass volume m V water 1000 kg

### Pump ED 101. Intro to Centrifugal Pumps. Joe Evans, Ph.D. Script for Power Point Presentation. Part 1 Elementary Mechanics & Hydraulics

Intro to Centrifugal Pumps Joe Evans, Ph.D Pump ED 101 Joe.Evans@Pentairwater.com http://www.pumped101.com Script for Power Point Presentation Part 1 Elementary Mechanics & Hydraulics Slide 1 Introduction

### Chapter 15 Fluids. Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 15 Fluids Density Units of Chapter 15 Pressure Static Equilibrium in Fluids: Pressure and Depth Archimedes Principle and Buoyancy Applications of Archimedes Principle Fluid Flow and Continuity

### 1 Exam Prep NSF/ANSI Tabs and Highlights

1 Exam Prep NSF/ANSI 50 2015 Tabs and Highlights These 1 Exam Prep Tabs are based on ANSI/NSF 50-2015, Equipment for Swimming Pools, Spas, Hot Tubs and Other Recreational Water Facilities. Each 1 Exam

### PTF4 Pivotrol Pump (patented) version Dual Mechanism - Pressure Powered Pump

Local regulations may restrict the use of this product to below the conditions quoted. In the interests of development and improvement of the product, we reserve the right to change the specification without

### 2005 CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE (Part 1 of 3) MECH-1-A

2005 CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE (Part 1 of 3) MECH-1-A PROJECT ADDRESS TESTING AUTHORITY TELEPHONE Checked by/date Enforcement Agency Use GENERAL INFORMATION OF BLDG. PERMIT PERMIT # BLDG. CONDITIONED FLOOR

### EDUCTOR. principle of operation

EDUCTOR principle of operation condensate and mixing eductor s are designed to mix two liquids intimately in various proportions in operations where the pressure liquid is the greater proportion of the

### Comments on Homework. Class 4 - Pressure. Atmospheric Pressure. Gauge vs. Absolute Pressure. 2. Gauge vs. Absolute Pressure. 1.

Class 4 - Pressure 1. Definitions 2. Gauge Pressure 3. Pressure and Height of Liquid Column (Head) 4. Pressure Measurement and Manometers Please don t forget the special problem for the next HW assignment

### PROCESS ROTATING EQUIPMENT (CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS )

PROCESS ROTATING EQUIPMENT ( ) Slide No: ١ Pumps can be divided into two main groups: Displacement pumps Dynamic pumps Slide No: ٢ Slide No: ٣ Slide No: ٤ Slide No: ٥ BASIC CENTRIFUGAL PUMP PARTS Casing

### Des Plaines Fire Dept. Engineer Program

Des Plaines Fire Dept. Engineer Program Lieutenants Palenik, Gross, Owen, Butenschoen, Engineer Felde New Developments 1. Laminated fluid specs on the rigs 2. Maintenance repair request updates 3. Locations

### PX4 P L A S T I C PX4 PERFORMANCE WIL T-02

PX4 P L A S T I C PX4 PERFORMANCE WIL-10161-T-02 Section 5B Pro-Flo X TM Operating Principal The Pro-Flo X air distribution system with the revolutionary Efficiency Management System (EMS) offers flexibility

### On-Site Training in Water Distribution System Flushing. Curriculum Introduction

On-Site Training in Water Distribution System Flushing Curriculum Introduction Water Distribution System Flushing Most water systems experience problems with slow-moving or stagnant water in their distribution

### Geotech 1.66 Auto-Reclaimer Installation and Operation

Geotech 1.66 Auto-Reclaimer Installation and Operation Rev 10/19/12 Part # 16600165 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: SYSTEM DESCRIPTION... 3 FUNCTION AND THEORY... 3 SYSTEM COMPONENTS... 4 CHAPTER 2: SYSTEM

### ESCONDIDO FIRE DEPT TRAINING MANUAL Section DRIVER OPERATOR Page 1 of 14 Hydraulics Revised

DRIVER OPERATOR Page 1 of 14 HYDRAULICS Hydraulics applied in the dynamic fire ground environment is an art that comes with study and experience. The following describes the factors that must be mastered

### INSTRUCTOR GUIDE REFERENCES: PUMPING APPARATUS DRIVER/OPERATOR HANDBOOK, FIRST EDITION, IFSTA

TOPIC: RELAY PUMPING OPERATIONS LEVEL OF INSTRUCTION: TIME REQUIRED: ONE HOUR INSTRUCTOR GUIDE MATERIALS: APPROPRIATE AUDIO VISUAL SUPPORT REFERENCES: PUMPING APPARATUS DRIVER/OPERATOR HANDBOOK, FIRST

### SIZING OF WATER PIPING SYSTEM

SIZING OF WATER PIPING SYSTEM The provisions contained in this appendix are not mandatory unless specifically referenced in the adopting ordinance. E101.1 Scope. SECTION E101 GENERAL E101.1.1 This appendix

### Grangeville Country Club Golf Course

1 Grangeville Country Club Golf Course Water Storage Well 2 OBJECTIVES Develop a new irrigation system design for the Grangeville Country Club Golf Course (Holes 2-9) Produce a set of working blueprints

### Understanding Net Positive Suction Head

Understanding Net Positive Suction Head Atmospheric Pressure Until the early 17 th century air was largely misunderstood. Evangelista Torricelli, an Italian scientist, was one of the first to discover

### Essentials of Fire Fighting 6 th Edition Firefighter I

1 Essentials of Fire Fighting 6 th Edition Firefighter I Chapter 14 Water Supply Learning Objective 1 2 Explain the ways water supply system components are used by firefighters. 14 2 There are two types

### HydroPull. Extended-Reach Tool. Applications

Extended-Reach Tool HydroPull This tool incorporates a cycling valve that momentarily interrupts the flow to create water-hammer pressure pulses inside coiled or jointed tubing used in horizontal well

### Liquid ring compressors

Liquid ring compressors KPH 85220, KPH 85227 Compression pressures: Suction volume flow: 2 to 7 bar 940 to 1450 m³/h CONSTRUCTION TYPE Sterling SIHI liquid ring compressors are displacement compressors

### Base engine for use in U.S., the U.S. Territories, and Canada

210G / 210G LC 12 13 Engine 210G / 210G LC Base engine for use in U.S., the U.S. Territories, and Canada Optional engine for use outside the U.S. and U.S. Territories Optional engine for use outside the

### HVAC Hydronic Pumps: B&G Triple Duty Valve for Proportional Balance

Monday, April 2, 2018 HVAC Hydronic Pumps: B&G Triple Duty Valve for Proportional Balance Monday Morning Minutes by Norm Hall, April 2, 2018 The ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2013 and the State of Michigan 2015

### 2 I All-Flo Pump Co.

2 I All-Flo Pump Co. 3I All-Flo Pump Co. Model Designation Matrix Pump Dimensions A B C D F H I J K L P300 18.90" 22.83" 31.50" 3.94" 15.28" 27.17" 1.57" 2.95" 15.55" 19.49" (480 mm) (580 mm) (800 mm)

### RESIDENTIAL IRRIGATION WORKSHOP IRRIGATION 101 AND BEYOND FOR WEST BENCH RESIDENTS

RESIDENTIAL IRRIGATION WORKSHOP IRRIGATION 101 AND BEYOND FOR WEST BENCH RESIDENTS UNDERSTANDING BASIC HYDRAULICS Hydraulics is defined as the study of fluid behavior, at rest and in motion. Also known

### Bell & Gossett ESP-Systemwize Pump Selections

Bell & Gossett ESP-Systemwize Pump Selections Monday Morning Minutes by Norm Hall, May 14, 2018 Monday,May 14, 2018 ESP-Systemwize is a powerful tool provided to the industry by Bell & Gossett. As an engineer

### USA (Bartlett, IL) Division

USA (Bartlett, IL) Division USA (Bartlett, IL) Division 100+ years Manufacturing Experience Six Sigma Black Belt (2) 350,000 Sq. Ft. Manufacturing & Office Total Program Development & Management Product

### TECHNICAL DATA. Pressure Regulation 531a. April 24, 2009

April 24, 29 Pressure Regulation 531a 1. DESCRIPTION The Viking Regulating Valve is a direct-acting, single-seated, spring-loaded diaphragm valve. When installed as a pilot regulating valve on a Viking

### Vacutrans Instructions

Vacutrans Instructions EMPIRE ABRASIVE EQUIPMENT COMPANY 2101West Cabot Blvd. Langhorne, Pa 19047 215-752-8800, FAX 215-752-9373 Web Site: www.empire-airblast.com ASSEMBLY DETAIL Your Vacutrans unit has

### Lecture Outline Chapter 15. Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker. Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Lecture Outline Chapter 15 Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker Chapter 15 Fluids Density Units of Chapter 15 Pressure Static Equilibrium in Fluids: Pressure and Depth Archimedes Principle and Buoyancy

### 09 - Choosing /sizing a cylinder and valve

- Choosing /sizing a cylinder and valve - Pipe flow resistence - Valve sizing - Cylinder sizing LII PIPE FLOW RESISTENCE Flow rate Qn Flow rate is calculated as the volume at normal conditions ( atmospheric