# Reservoir Fluid Fundamentals COPYRIGHT. Dry Gas Fluid Basic Workflow Exercise Review

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 Pseudo-Critical Properties Reservoir Fluid Fundamentals Dry Gas Fluid Basic Workflow Exercise Review B C D E F 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] Calculate the pseudo-critical properties of this dry gas using the Brown correlation. 1

2 Pseudo-Critical Properties Pseudo Critical Pressure [psia] [kpa.a] Pseudo Critical Temperature [degf] [degc] Pseudo-Critical Properties Pseudo Critical Pressure =stan_pc(c3,"dry") [psia] Pseudo Critical Temperature =stan_tc(c3,"dry") [degf] Conversion p pc kpa p pc psia T K T R 5 9 pc pc o T R T F pc pc T C T K pc pc Input for Brown correlation is specific gravity. Use the dry gas version of the correlation. Make sure you notice the unit choices required for your answer. 2

3 Pseudo-Reduced Properties J K L M N 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Reservoir Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 9 Reservoir Temperature [degf] [degc] 10 Pseudo Critical Pressure [psia] [kpa.a] 11 Pseudo Critical Temperature [degf] [degc] Calculate the pseudo-reduced properties for this dry gas. Pseudo-Reduced Properties Pseudo Reduced Pressure [ ] [ ] Pseudo Reduced Temperature [ ] [ ] 3

4 Pseudo-Reduced Properties Pseudo Reduced Pressure =(K8+K6)/K10 [ ] Pseudo Reduced Temperature =(K )/(K ) [ ] Remember to use absolute units for both pressure and temperature. Units in the numerator and denominator need to be the same, or you calculate rubbish. Gas Deviation Factor R S T U V 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Reservoir Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 9 Reservoir Temperature [degf] [degc] 10 Pseudo Reduced Pressure [ ] [ ] 11 Pseudo Reduced Temperature [ ] [ ] Calculate the gas deviation factor for this dry gas. 4

5 Gas Deviation Factor Gas Deviation Factor [ ] [ ] Gas Deviation Factor Gas Deviation Factor =Abou_Z(S10,S11,1) [ ] Remember that the Dranchuk and Abou-Kassem correlation is the most accurate correlation in general use. A starting guess of unity is usually a good choice for a dry gas. 5

6 Formation Volume Factor Z AA AB AC AD 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Reservoir Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 9 Reservoir Temperature [degf] [degc] 10 Gas Deviation Factor [ ] [ ] 11 Universal Gas Constant [psi.cuft/mol/degr] [J/mol/K] 12 Air Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] Calculate the formation volume factor for this dry gas. Formation Volume Factor Gas Formation Volume Factor E 03 [cuft/scf ] E 03 [m 3 /sm 3 ] Conversion 3 3 B m / sm B cuft / scf 1 g g 6

7 Formation Volume Factor Gas Formation Volume Factor =(AA10*(AA )/(AA8+AA6))*(AA6/(AA )) [cuft/scf] Remember that Bg is reservoir volume divided by surface volume. Remember that the gas deviation factor at standard conditions is usually very close to unity. Remember that pressures and temperatures have to be in absolute units. Apparent Molecular Mass AH AI AJ AK AL 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Reservoir Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 9 Reservoir Temperature [degf] [degc] 10 Gas Deviation Factor [ ] [ ] 11 Universal Gas Constant [psi.cuft/mol/degr] [J/mol/K] 12 Air Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] Calculate the apparent molecular mass of this dry gas. 7

8 Apparent Molecular Mass Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] Apparent Molecular Mass Apparent Molecular Mass =AI3*AI12 [lb/mol] Conversion M g / g mol M lb/ lb mol 1 w w Remember that apparent molecular mass does not change unless composition changes. Remember that gas density at standard conditions is directly proportional to molecular mass. 8

9 In-Situ Density AP AQ AR AS AT 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Reservoir Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 9 Reservoir Temperature [degf] [degc] 10 Gas Deviation Factor [ ] [ ] 11 Universal Gas Constant [psi.cuft/mol/degr] [J/mol/K] 12 Air Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] In-Situ Density Calculate the in-situ density of this dry gas. In Situ Gas Density [lb/cuft] [kg/m 3 ] 9

10 In-Situ Density In Situ Gas Density =AQ3*AQ12*(AQ6+AQ8)/(AQ10*AQ11*(AQ )) [lb/cuft] Conversion kg lb m ft Remember that density is mass over volume. If you utilize molecular mass, then you need a molar volume to match. Watch out for your units! In-Situ Compressibility AP AQ AR AS AT 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Reservoir Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 9 Reservoir Temperature [degf] [degc] 10 Gas Deviation Factor [ ] [ ] 11 Universal Gas Constant [psi.cuft/mol/degr] [J/mol/K] 12 Air Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] 14 Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 15 Temperature [degf] [degc] 16 Gas Deviation Factor [ ] [ ] Calculate the in-situ compressibility of this dry gas. 10

11 In-Situ Compressibility Gas Compressibility E 04 [1/psi] E 05 [1/kPa] In-Situ Compressibility Gas Compressibility =(1/AY8) (1/AY10)*(AY16 AY10)/(AY14 AY8) [1/psi] Conversion c 1/ kpa c 1/ psia ; p kpa p psia g g This answer uses finite differences rather than an analytical differentiation of the gas deviation factor equation. Therefore, the smaller the p, the more accurate the answer, once we don t approach the limits of machine precision. 11

12 In-Situ Viscosity In-Situ Viscosity BF BG BH BI BJ 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Reservoir Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 9 Reservoir Temperature [degf] [degc] 10 Gas Deviation Factor [ ] [ ] 11 Universal Gas Constant [psi.cuft/mol/degr] [J/mol/K] 12 Air Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] Calculate the in-situ viscosity of this dry gas. In Situ Gas Viscosity E 02 [cp] E 02 [mpa.s] 12

13 In-Situ Viscosity In Situ Gas Viscosity =Lee2_Ugb(Lee2_Ugd(BG3,BG9),BG3,BG8+BG6,BG9,BG10) [cp] Conversion mpa. s cp 1 Atmospheric gas viscosity is a function of specific gravity and temperature. Correction for the effect of pressure is a function of in-situ gas density in g/cc. Gas density is a function of specific gravity, pressure, temperature and gas deviation factor. 13

14 Reservoir Fluid Fundamentals Wet Gas Fluid Basic Workflow Exercise Review Surface Gas Gravity and Surface Gas-Stock Tank Oil Ratio B C D E F 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Stock Tank Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 9 Stock Tank Oil Specific Gravity 58.0 [ o API] [ o API] 10 Stock Tank Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 11 Stock Tank Oil/Separator Gas Ratio 10.0 [stb/mmscf] E 05 [sm 3 /sm 3 ] Calculate the surface gas gravity and surface gas-stock-tank oil ratio of this wet gas. 14

15 Surface Gas Gravity and Surface Gas-Stock Tank Oil Ratio Surface Gas Gravity [1/air] [1/air] Surface Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio 100,267 [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] Surface Gas Gravity and Surface Gas-Stock Tank Oil Ratio Surface Gas Gravity =(1000*1000*C3/C11+C10*C8)/(1000*1000/C11+C10) [1/air] Surface Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio =1000*1000/C11+C10 [scf/stb] Conversion 3 sm stb sm MMscf This is a recombination on a molar basis. Since different gases have the same molar volume at standard temperature and pressure, we use standard volumes as proxies for molar quantities. It is common to use different units for separator and stock-tank gas. 15

16 Molar Mass Molar Mass J K L M N 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Stock Tank Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 9 Stock Tank Oil Specific Gravity 56.0 [ o API] [ o API] 10 Stock Tank Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 11 Stock Tank Oil/Separator Gas Ratio 13.0 [stb/mmscf] E 05 [sm 3 /sm 3 ] Calculate the molar mass of this stock tank oil using the Cragoe correlation. Stock Tank Oil Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] 16

17 Molar Mass Surface Gas Gravity =6084/(K9 5.9) [lb/mol] Careful with the constants. There are many revisions to the Cragoe correlation available in the literature. This version requires specific gravity in API degrees. In-Situ Specific Gravity R S T U V 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Stock Tank Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 9 Stock Tank Oil Specific Gravity 54.0 [ o API] [ o API] 10 Stock Tank Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 11 Stock Tank Oil/Separator Gas Ratio 16.0 [stb/mmscf] E 05 [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 12 Surface Gas Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 13 Surface Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 14 Stock Tank Oil Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] Calculate the in-situ specific gravity of this wet gas. 17

18 In-Situ Specific Gravity Reservoir Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] In-Situ Specific Gravity Reservoir Gas Specific Gravity =(S12*S *api2sgo(S9))/(S *api2sgo(S9)/S14) [1/air] Remember that the values of the constants 4591 and are functions of the standard temperature and pressure, which vary from state to state, and country to country. Otherwise, this is a molar recombination of stock tank oil and surface gases. 18

19 Pseudo-Critical Properties Z AA AB AC AD 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Stock Tank Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 9 Stock Tank Oil Specific Gravity 52.0 [ o API] [ o API] 10 Stock Tank Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 11 Stock Tank Oil/Separator Gas Ratio 10.0 [stb/mmscf] E 05 [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 12 Surface Gas Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 13 Surface Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 14 Stock Tank Oil Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] 15 Reservoir Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] Pseudo-Critical Properties Calculate the pseudo-critical properties of this wet gas using the Brown Correlation. In situ Gas Pseudo Critical Pressure [psia] [kpa.a] In situ Gas Pseudo Critical Temperature [degf] [degc] 19

20 Pseudo-Critical Properties In situ Gas Pseudo Critical Pressure =stan_pc(aa15,"wet") [psia] In situ Gas Pseudo Critical Temperature =stan_tc(aa15,"wet") [degf] Conversion p pc kpa p pc psia T K T R 5 9 pc pc T R T F pc pc Remember Standing built the equations to describe the graphical Brown correlation. Remember Brown had separate correlations for wet and dry gases. Mole Fractions AH AI AJ AK AL 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Stock Tank Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 9 Stock Tank Oil Specific Gravity 58.0 [ o API] [ o API] 10 Stock Tank Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 11 Stock Tank Oil/Separator Gas Ratio 18.0 [stb/mmscf] E 04 [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 12 Surface Gas Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 13 Surface Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio [scf/stb] 9942 [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 14 Stock Tank Oil Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] 15 Reservoir Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 16 Reservoir Gas Pseudo Critical Pressure [psia] [kpa.a] 17 Reservoir Gas Pseudo Critical Temperature [degf] [degc] Calculate the mole fractions of surface gas and stock tank oil making up this wet gas. 20

21 Mole Fractions Mole Fraction Surface Oil in Reservoir Gas [ ] [ ] Mole Fraction Surface Gas in Reservoir Gas [ ] [ ] Mole Fractions Mole Fraction Surface Oil in Reservoir Gas =28.966*(AI15 AI12)/(AI *AI12) [ ] Mole Fraction Surface Gas in Reservoir Gas =1 AI31 [ ] Surface oil is defined as the hydrocarbon liquid which is stable at standard temperature and pressure. Everything else that is not aqueous is considered surface gas. The mole fractions of surface oil and surface gas have to add up to unity. 21

22 Formation Volume Factor AP AQ AR AS AT 3 Separator Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 4 Separator Pressure [psig] [kpa.g] 5 Separator Temperature 80.0 [degf] [degc] 6 Standard Pressure 14.7 [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Standard Temperature 60.0 [degf] [degc] 8 Stock Tank Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 9 Stock Tank Oil Specific Gravity 56.0 [ o API] [ o API] 10 Stock Tank Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 11 Stock Tank Oil/Separator Gas Ratio 13.0 [stb/mmscf] E 05 [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 12 Surface Gas Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 13 Surface Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 14 Stock Tank Oil Apparent Molecular Mass [lb/mol] [g/mol] 15 Reservoir Gas Specific Gravity [1/air] [1/air] 16 Reservoir Gas Pseudo Critical Pressure [psia] [kpa.a] 17 Reservoir Gas Pseudo Critical Temperature [degf] [degc] 18 Mole Fraction Surface Gas in Reservoir Gas [ ] [ ] 19 Reservoir Pressure [psia] [kpa.a] 20 Reservoir Temperature [degf] [degc] 21 Reservoir Gas Deviation Factor [ ] [ ] Calculate the formation volume factor of this wet gas. Formation Volume Factor Formation Volume Factor E 03 [cuft/scf] E 03 [m 3 /sm 3 ] 22

23 Formation Volume Factor Formation Volume Factor =(AQ21*(AQ )/AQ19)*(AQ6/(AQ )) [cuft]/[scf] Conversion 3 3 B m / sm B cuft / scf 1 g g Remember that all the gas in the reservoir does not remain in the vapor phase at the surface for wet gases. 23

24 Reservoir Fluid Fundamentals Under-Saturated Oil Basic Workflow Under-Saturated Compressibility Exercise Review B C D E F 3 Separator Gas Gravity 0.7 [1/air] 0.7 [1/air] 4 Stock Tank Oil Gravity 35 [ o API] 35 [ o API] 5 Separator Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio 500 [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 6 Bubble Point Pressure [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Reservoir Temperature 125 [degf] [degc] 8 Bubble Point Formation Volume Factor [bbl/stb] [m 3 /sm 3 ] 9 Bubble Point Density [lb/cuft] [kg/m 3 ] 10 Bubble Point Viscosity [cp] [mpa.s] 11 Reservoir Pressure 5000 [psia] [kpa.a] Calculate the under-saturated compressibility of this oil using the Vazquez and Beggs Correlation. 24

25 Under-Saturated Compressibility Undersaturated Oil Compressibility E 06 [1/psi] E 07 [1/kPa] Under-Saturated Compressibility Undersaturated Oil Compressibility =vasq_co(c11,c7,c3,c4,c5) [1/psi] Conversion c 1/ 1/ o kpa c o psia 3 3 R scf / stb R sm / sm s s T F T K p psia p kpa Under-saturated oil compressibility is NOT independent of pressure, so that the pressure of interest is used in the calculation. 25

26 Formation Volume Factor J K L M N 3 Separator Gas Gravity 0.7 [1/air] 0.7 [1/air] 4 Stock Tank Oil Gravity 30 [ o API] 30 [ o API] 5 Separator Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio 500 [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 6 Bubble Point Pressure [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Reservoir Temperature 125 [degf] [degc] 8 Bubble Point Formation Volume Factor [bbl/stb] [m 3 /sm 3 ] 9 Bubble Point Density [lb/cuft] [kg/m 3 ] 10 Bubble Point Viscosity [cp] [mpa.s] 11 Reservoir Pressure 5000 [psia] [kpa.a] 12 Undersaturated Oil Compressibility E 06 [1/psi] E 07 [1/kPa] Formation Volume Factor Calculate the formation volume factor of this under-saturated oil using the classic formula. Undersaturated Oil Formation Volume Factor [bbl/stb] [m 3 /sm 3 ] 26

27 Formation Volume Factor Undersaturated Oil Formation Volume Factor =K8*EXP( K12*(K11 K6)) [bbl/stb] Viscosity Conversion c 1/ 1/ o kpa c o psia p psia p kpa B m / sm B bbl / stb 1.0 o o R S T U V 3 Separator Gas Gravity 0.7 [1/air] 0.7 [1/air] 4 Stock Tank Oil Gravity 35 [ o API] 35 [ o API] 5 Separator Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio 500 [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 6 Bubble Point Pressure [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Reservoir Temperature 125 [degf] [degc] 8 Bubble Point Formation Volume Factor [bbl/stb] [m 3 /sm 3 ] 9 Bubble Point Density [lb/cuft] [kg/m 3 ] 10 Bubble Point Viscosity [cp] [mpa.s] 11 Reservoir Pressure 5000 [psia] [kpa.a] Calculate the viscosity of this under-saturated oil using the Vazquez & Beggs correlation. 27

28 Viscosity Undersaturated Oil Viscosity [cp] [mpa.s] Viscosity Undersaturated Oil Viscosity =begg_uou(s10,s6,s11) [cp] Conversion mpa. s cp 1 ou ou p psia p kpa This viscosity correlation does not need any additional fluid properties, it uses the bubble point oil viscosity and corrects it for pressure. 28

29 Under-Saturated Density Z AA AB AC AD 3 Separator Gas Gravity 0.6 [1/air] 0.6 [1/air] 4 Stock Tank Oil Gravity 30 [ o API] 30 [ o API] 5 Separator Gas/Stock Tank Oil Ratio 500 [scf/stb] [sm 3 /sm 3 ] 6 Bubble Point Pressure [psia] [kpa.a] 7 Reservoir Temperature 125 [degf] [degc] 8 Bubble Point Formation Volume Factor [bbl/stb] [m 3 /sm 3 ] 9 Bubble Point Density [lb/cuft] [kg/m 3 ] 10 Bubble Point Viscosity [cp] [mpa.s] 11 Reservoir Pressure 6000 [psia] [kpa.a] 12 Undersaturated Oil Compressibility E 06 [1/psi] E 07 [1/kPa] 13 Undersaturated Oil Formation Volume Factor [bbl/stb] [m 3 /sm 3 ] Under-Saturated Density Calculate the under-saturated density of this oil at reservoir pressure. Undersaturated Oil Density [lb/cuft] [kg/m 3 ] 29

30 Under-Saturated Density Undersaturated Oil Density =AA9*AA8/AA13 [lb/cuft] Conversion / / Bo m sm Bo bbl stb 3 kg m lb cuft o o / / / Under-saturated oil density can be calculated with reasonable accuracy by dividing the density at bubble point by the formation volume factor at elevated pressure and then multiplying by the formation volume factor at bubble point conditions. 30

### COPYRIGHT. Reservoir Fluid Fundamentals. Reservoir Brine Basic Workflow Exercise Review. Brine Density at Standard Conditions

Reservoir Fluid Fundamentals Reservoir Brine Basic Workflow Exercise Review Brine Density at Standard Conditions B C D E F Salinity 120,000 [ppm] 120000 [ppm] 4 Pressure of Interest 2,250 [psia] 15484.8

### PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 310 SECOND EXAM. October 23, 2002

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 310 SECOND EXM October 23, 2002 Ground Rules Do all your work on the test paper and the space provided for the answer, do no write on the back. Grading will be based on approach and

### COPYRIGHT. Reservoir Fluid Core. Single Phase, Single Component Systems. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to:

Single Phase, Single Component Systems Learning Objectives Reservoir Fluid Core Single Phase, Single Component Systems By the end of this lesson, you will be able to: Define terms used to describe the

### Example: Calculate the density of methane at 50 psig and 32 ⁰F. H.W. In previous example calculate the density of methane in gm/m 3.

Gas density Because the density of a substance is defined as mass per unit volume, the density of gas (ρ g ), at given temperature and pressure can be derived as follows: If P in psia, T in ⁰R and R =

### Gas viscosity ( ) Carr-Kobayashi-Burrows Correlation Method Lee-Gonzalez-Eakin Method. Carr-Kobayashi-Burrows Correlation Method

Gas viscosity The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of the internal fluid friction (resistance) to flow. If the friction between layers of the fluid is small, i.e., low viscosity, an applied shearing force

### KNOWN: Mass, pressure, temperature, and specific volume of water vapor.

.0 The specific volume of 5 kg of water vapor at.5 MPa, 440 o C is 0.60 m /kg. Determine (a) the volume, in m, occupied by the water vapor, (b) the amount of water vapor present, in gram moles, and (c)

### PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 310 FIRST EXAM. September 22, 2000

Session: Name: PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 310 FIRST EXAM September 22, 2000 Do all your work on the test paper and the space provided for the answer, do no write on the back. Grading will be based on approach

### Application Worksheet

Application Worksheet All dimensions are nominal. Dimensions in [ ] are in millimeters. Service Conditions Medium Through Valve: Required C v : Temperature Maximum: Minimum: Normal: Flow Maximum: Minimum:

### Figure Vapor-liquid equilibrium for a binary mixture. The dashed lines show the equilibrium compositions.

Another way to view this problem is to say that the final volume contains V m 3 of alcohol at 5.93 kpa and 20 C V m 3 of air at 94.07 kpa and 20 C V m 3 of air plus alcohol at 100 kpa and 20 C Thus, the

### Chapter 13 Gases, Vapors, Liquids, and Solids

Chapter 13 Gases, Vapors, Liquids, and Solids Property is meaning any measurable characteristic of a substance, such as pressure, volume, or temperature, or a characteristic that can be calculated or deduced,

### International Journal of Petroleum and Geoscience Engineering Volume 03, Issue 01, Pages 56-60, 2015

International Journal of Petroleum and Geoscience Engineering Volume 03, Issue 01, Pages ISSN: 2289-4713 Investigation of Under-Saturated Oil Viscosity Correlations under Reservoir Condition; A Case Study

### Evaluation of Three Different Bubble Point Pressure Correlations on Some Libyan Crude Oils

Evaluation of Three Different Bubble Point Pressure Correlations on Some Libyan Crude Oils Dr. Mustafa O. Sharrad, Dr.Hosam H. M. Almahrog Dr. Emhemed A. Aboraema Dept. of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering,

### FDE 211 Material & Energy Balances. Instructor: Dr. Ilgin Paker Yikici Fall 2015

FDE 211 Material & Energy Balances Instructor: Dr. Ilgin Paker Yikici Fall 2015 Material& Energy Balances first step in understanding a process leads to a better understanding of a process forces the engineer

### Optimization of Separator Train in Oil Industry

Optimization of Separator Train in Oil Industry Pawan jain a M.E. Petroleum Engineering, Maharashtra Institute of Technology, Pune-411038 ---------------------------------------------------------------------***---------------------------------------------------------------------

### Engineering Information. Flow Data. Flow Data. Importance of Valve Sizing. Estimating Cv or Orifice Size:

Importance of Valve Sizing Improper sizing of a solenoid valve results in belowstan dard performance and can involve unnecessary cost. The basic factors in valve sizing include: Maximum and minimum flows

### PVT analysis of. bottom hole sample from Well by Otto Rogne. STAT01 L EXPLORATION 81 PRODUCTlON LABORATORY

PVT analysis of bottom hole sample from Well 3411 0-1 7 STAT01 L EXPLORATION 81 PRODUCTlON LABORATORY by Otto Rogne stcrtoil Den norske stats oljeselskap as Classification I Requested by J,Hanstveit, LET

### GAS CONDENSATE RESERVOIRS. Dr. Helmy Sayyouh Petroleum Engineering Cairo University

GAS CONDENSATE RESERVOIRS Dr. Helmy Sayyouh Petroleum Engineering Cairo University Introduction and Definitions Gas condensate production may be thought of as a type intermediate between oil and gas. The

### Novel empirical correlations for estimation of bubble point pressure, saturated viscosity and gas solubility of crude oils

86 Pet.Sci.(29)6:86-9 DOI 1.17/s12182-9-16-x Novel empirical correlations for estimation of bubble point pressure, saturated viscosity and gas solubility of crude oils Ehsan Khamehchi 1, Fariborz Rashidi

### The Application of Temperature and/or Pressure Correction Factors in Gas Measurement

The Application of Temperature and/or Pressure Correction Factors in Gas Measurement COMBINED BOYLE S CHARLES GAS LAWS To convert measured volume at metered pressure and temperature to selling volume at

### Technical Committee on LP-Gas at Utility Gas Plants

Technical Committee on LP-Gas at Utility Gas Plants Addendum to the Agenda Sheraton Denver Downtown 1550 Court Place Denver, CO 80202 August 7-8, 2013 The following items relate to item 5.B of the Agenda:

### Natural Gas Properties Analysis of Bangladesh: A Case Study of Titas Gas Field

SUST Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 16, No.2, 2012; P:26-31 Natural Gas Properties Analysis of Bangladesh: A Case Study of Titas Gas Field (Submitted: April 13, 2011; Accepted for Publication:

### 16. Studio ScaleChem Calculations

16. Studio ScaleChem Calculations Calculations Overview Calculations: Adding a new brine sample Studio ScaleChem can be used to calculate scaling at one or more user specified temperatures and pressures.

### New Viscosity Correlation for Different Iraqi Oil Fields

Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Vol.15 No.3 (September 2014) 71-76 ISSN: 1997-4884 University of Baghdad College of Engineering New

### PURE SUBSTANCE. Nitrogen and gaseous air are pure substances.

CLASS Third Units PURE SUBSTANCE Pure substance: A substance that has a fixed chemical composition throughout. Air is a mixture of several gases, but it is considered to be a pure substance. Nitrogen and

### Device Description. Operating Information. CP Q (eq. 1) GT. Technical Bulletin TB-0607-CFP Hawkeye Industries Critical Flow Prover

A compressible fluid traveling at subsonic velocity through a duct of constant cross section will increase velocity when passing through a region of reduced cross-sectional area (in this case, an orifice)

### Calculation of Gas Density and Viscosity

Calculation of Gas Density and Viscosity Course No: H02-008 Credit: 2 PDH Harlan H. Bengtson, PhD, P.E. Continuing Education and Development, Inc. 9 Greyridge Farm Court Stony Point, NY 10980 P: (877)

### 44 (0) E:

FluidFlow Relief Valve Sizing Handbook Flite Software 2016 Flite Software N.I. Ltd, Block E, Balliniska Business Park, Springtown Rd, Derry, BT48 0LY, N. Ireland. T: 44 (0) 2871 279227 E: sales@fluidflowinfo.com

### Natural Gas Gathering

Natural Gas Gathering Course No: R04-002 Credit: 4 PDH Jim Piter, P.E. Continuing Education and Development, Inc. 9 Greyridge Farm Court Stony Point, NY 10980 P: (877) 322-5800 F: (877) 322-4774 info@cedengineering.com

### Basic concepts of phase behavior

Basic concepts of phase behavior 1) Single component system. Ethane is taken as an example for single component system. Ethane exists as gas phase at ordinary conditions. At other than ordinary conditions,

### CALCULATING THE SPEED OF SOUND IN NATURAL GAS USING AGA REPORT NO Walnut Lake Rd th Street Houston TX Garner, IA 50438

CALCULATING THE SPEED OF SOUND IN NATURAL GAS USING AGA REPORT NO. 10 Jerry Paul Smith Joel Clancy JPS Measurement Consultants, Inc Colorado Engineering Experiment Station, Inc (CEESI) 13002 Walnut Lake

### Chapter 10 Gases. Characteristics of Gases. Pressure. The Gas Laws. The Ideal-Gas Equation. Applications of the Ideal-Gas Equation

Characteristics of Gases Chapter 10 Gases Pressure The Gas Laws The Ideal-Gas Equation Applications of the Ideal-Gas Equation Gas mixtures and partial pressures Kinetic-Molecular Theory Real Gases: Deviations

### GAS MIXTURES. Department of Mechanical Engineering

Chapter 13 GAS MIXTURES Dr Ali Jawarneh Department of Mechanical Engineering Hashemite University it 2 Objectives Develop rules for determining nonreacting gas mixture properties from knowledge of mixture

### CHM 111 Unit 5 Sample Questions

Name: Class: Date: As you work these problems, consider and explain: A. What type of question is it? B. How do you know what type of question it is? C. What information are you looking for? D. What information

### Example: 25 C = ( ) K = 298 K. Pressure Symbol: p Units: force per area 1Pa (Pascal) = 1 N/m 2

Chapter 6: Gases 6.1 Measurements on Gases MH5, Chapter 5.1 Let s look at a certain amount of gas, i.e. trapped inside a balloon. To completely describe the state of this gas one has to specify the following

1 2 3 The enthalpy of saturated vapor and the enthalpy of saturated liquid is evaluated at the fully accumulated relief device set pressure (P=P set * 1.1 + 14.7). Set Pressure (psig) h fg (Btu/lbm) 150

### PVT Analysis Reports of Akpet GT9 and GT12 Reservoirs

American Journal of Management Science and Engineering 2017; 2(5): 132-144 http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ajmse doi: 10.11648/j.ajmse.20170205.17 ISSN: 2575-193X (Print); ISSN: 2575-1379 (Online)

### PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY SKILL TEST

PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY SKILL TEST 1 w w w. p m t u t o r. o r g The JOBFinder Manual This 900-page book is designed for fresh and experienced graduates seeking opportunity in companies like Mobil, Shell,

### Under pressure pushing down

Under pressure pushing down on me When Dalton was conducting his studies, which led him to the atomic-molecular theory of matter, he also included studies of the behaviour of gases. These led him to propose,

### Chem 110 General Principles of Chemistry

CHEM110 Worksheet - Gases Chem 110 General Principles of Chemistry Chapter 9 Gases (pages 337-373) In this chapter we - first contrast gases with liquids and solids and then discuss gas pressure. - review

### TANKS 4.0.9d Emissions Report - Detail Format Tank Indentification and Physical Characteristics

Page 1 of 5 Tank Indentification and Physical Characteristics Identification User Identification: City: State: Company: Type of Tank: Description: SRX-T-101 San Francisco AP California Mobius Vertical

### 3 1 PRESSURE. This is illustrated in Fig. 3 3.

P = 3 psi 66 FLUID MECHANICS 150 pounds A feet = 50 in P = 6 psi P = s W 150 lbf n = = 50 in = 3 psi A feet FIGURE 3 1 The normal stress (or pressure ) on the feet of a chubby person is much greater than

### Pressure Control. where: p is the pressure F is the normal component of the force A is the area

Pressure Control First of all, what is pressure, the property we want to control? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pressure is the application of force to a surface, and the concentration of that

### Validation Study of Gas Solubility Correlations at bubble point pressure for Some Libyan Crude Oils Using Three chosen Correlations

Validation Study of Gas Solubility Correlations at bubble point pressure for Some Libyan Crude Oils Using Three chosen Correlations Dr. Mustafa O. Sharrad Dept. of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Faculty

### EDUCTOR. principle of operation

EDUCTOR principle of operation condensate and mixing eductor s are designed to mix two liquids intimately in various proportions in operations where the pressure liquid is the greater proportion of the

### Name: Class: Date: SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided.

CHAPTER 11 REVIEW Gases SECTION 1 SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided. 1. Pressure =. For a constant force, when the surface area is tripled the pressure is (a) doubled. (b)

### Question McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited

Question 1 Which of the following cannot be explained by considering the empty space between the particles of a gas? A) Gases are more compressible than liquids. B) Gases have lower viscosities than liquids.

### How is pressure handled when we have a mixture of gases?

Name Chem 161, Section: Group Number: ALE 23. Mixtures of Gases (Reference: Chapter 5 in Silberberg 5 th edition) How is pressure handled when we have a mixture of gases? The Model: Collecting Gas Over

### Permeability. Darcy's Law

Permeability Permeability is a property of the porous medium that measures the capacity and ability of the formation to transmit fluids. The rock permeability, k, is a very important rock property because

### TUTORIAL. NPSHA for those who hate that stuffy word. by Jacques Chaurette p. eng. copyright 2006

TUTORIAL NPSHA for those who hate that stuffy word by Jacques Chaurette p. eng. www.lightmypump.com copyright 2006 page.2 NPSHA for those who hate that stuffy word This article follows the same approach

### Assumptions 1 At specified conditions, air behaves as an ideal gas. 2 The volume of the tire remains constant.

PTT 04/ Applied Fluid Mechanics Sem, Session015/016 ASSIGNMENT 1 CHAPTER AND CHAPTER 1. The air in an automobile tire with a volume of 0.0740 m is at 0 C and 140 kpa. Determine the amount of air that must

### Honors Chemistry Unit 7 Gas Laws Notes

Honors Chemistry Unit 7 Gas Laws Notes Kinetic Molecular Theory 1. List the five assumptions: Assumption Description Extra Info 1 Basically means: the particles themselves have compared to the space between

### INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF STIMULATION TREATMENT AND CERTAIN PARAMETERS ON GAS WELL DELIVERABILIITY BY USING DIFFERENT ANALYSIS APPROACHES

ISSN 2394 7799 IJAETCS (214) Vol.1, No.1, 1-19 Research Article International Journal of Advancement in Engineering, Technology and Computer Sciences INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF STIMULATION TREATMENT

### Dr. Rogers Chapter 5 Homework Chem 111 Fall 2003

Dr. Rogers Chapter 5 Homework Chem 111 Fall 2003 From textbook: 7-33 odd, 37-45 odd, 55, 59, 61 1. Which gaseous molecules (choose one species) effuse slowest? A. SO 2 (g) B. Ar(g) C. NO(g) D. Ne(g) E.

### windpro WP A15-Lingewaard WTGs Shadow receptor-input

SHADOW - Main Result Calculation: SHADOW calculation (5 x V150 @ 166m, +LT CORR, NO MITIGATION) Maximum distance for influence Calculate only when more than 20 % of sun is covered by the blade Please look

### Reservoir Performance of Fluid Systems with Widely Varying Composition (GOR)

Reservoir Performance of Fluid Systems with Widely Varying Composition (GOR) A Simulation Approach M. Sc. Thesis Singh Kameshwar December 1997 Declaration I hereby declare that this Master of Science thesis

### Thermodynamics ERT 206 Properties of Pure Substance HANNA ILYANI ZULHAIMI

Thermodynamics ERT 206 Properties of Pure Substance HANNA ILYANI ZULHAIMI Outline: Pure Substance Phases of pure substance Phase change process of pure substance Saturation temperature and saturation pressure

### Unit A-2: List of Subjects

ES312 Energy Transfer Fundamentals Unit A: Fundamental Concepts ROAD MAP... A-1: Introduction to Thermodynamics A-2: Engineering Properties Unit A-2: List of Subjects Basic Properties and Temperature Pressure

### 1. [Chang7 5.P.013.] Convert 295 mmhg to kpa. kpa Convert 2.0 kpa to mmhg. mmhg

Score 1. [Chang7 5.P.013.] Convert 295 mmhg to kpa. kpa Convert 2.0 kpa to mmhg. mmhg 2. [Chang7 5.P.019.] The volume of a gas is 5.80 L, measured at 1.00 atm. What is the pressure of the gas in mmhg if

### Gases NO CALCULATORS MAY BE USED FOR THESE QUESTIONS

NO CALCULATORS MAY BE USED FOR THESE QUESTIONS Questions 1-3 refer to the following gases at 0 C and 1 atm. (A) Ar (B) NO 2 (C) Xe (D) H 2 (E) N 2 1. Has an average atomic or molecular speed closest to

### Name Chemistry Pre-AP

Name Chemistry Pre-AP Notes: Gas Laws and Gas Stoichiometry Period Part 1: The Nature of Gases and The Gas Laws I. Nature of Gases A. Kinetic-Molecular Theory The - theory was developed to account for

### Chapter 10: Gases. Characteristics of Gases

Chapter 10: Gases Learning Outcomes: Calculate pressure and convert between pressure units with an emphasis on torr and atmospheres. Calculate P, V, n, or T using the ideal-gas equation. Explain how the

### MINING STUDIES AND RESEARCH CENTER (MSRC) FACULTY OF ENGINEERING CAIRO UNIVERSITY NATURAL GAS ENINEERING DIPLOMA

MINING STUDIES AND RESEARCH CENTER (MSRC) FACULTY OF ENGINEERING CAIRO UNIVERSITY NATURAL GAS ENINEERING DIPLOMA COURSE CONTENTS Section I DR.Helmy 1-Properties of N.G and Condensate Systems 2-Gas Reservoirs

### Chapter 5 Gases. AP CHEMISTRY Chapter 5 Scotch Plains-Fanwood High School Page 1

Chapter 5 Gases Kinetic Theory All matter is composed of tiny particles that are in continuous, random motion. Gas Pressure = Force Demo: Test tube/h2o beaker Area Demo: Can AP CHEMISTRY Chapter 5 Scotch

### SPE Copyright 2001, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.

SPE 67232 Sampling Volatile Oil Wells Ahmed H. El-Banbi, SPE, Cairo University/Schlumberger Holditch-Reservoir Technologies, and William D. McCain, Jr., SPE, Texas A&M University Copyright 2001, Society

### The most common terms rating air flow capacity are ICFM, FAD, ANR, SCFM or nl/min

Rating of Air Compressors and Air Equipment The most common terms rating air flow capacity are ICFM, FAD, ANR, SCFM or nl/min There is no universal standard for rating air compressors, air equipment and

### Density and Specific Gravity

Fluids Phases of Matter Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space (volume). The three common phases of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. A solid has a definite shape and size. A liquid has a

### States of Matter Review

States of Matter Review May 13 8:16 PM Physical States of Matter (Phases) Solid Liquid Melting Gas Condensation Freezing Evaporation Deposition Sublimation Sep 13 6:04 PM 1 May 13 8:11 PM Gases Chapter

### CHAPTER 16 %UHDWKLQJ*DV0L[LQJ3URFHGXUHV

CHAPTER 16 %UHDWKLQJ*DV0L[LQJ3URFHGXUHV 16-1 INTRODUCTION 16-1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to familiarize divers with the techniques used to mix divers breathing gas. 16-1.2 Scope. This chapter

### Comparison of Black Oil Tables and EOS Fluid Characterization in Reservoir Simulation

Comparison of Black Oil Tables and EOS Fluid Characterization in Reservoir Simulation An MSc Thesis by Mihály Gajda Submitted to the Petroleum and Natural Gas Institute of University of Miskolc in partial

### and its weight (in newtons) when located on a planet with an acceleration of gravity equal to 4.0 ft/s 2.

1.26. A certain object weighs 300 N at the earth's surface. Determine the mass of the object (in kilograms) and its weight (in newtons) when located on a planet with an acceleration of gravity equal to

### Chapter 4, Problem 30.

Chapter 4, Problem 30. A well-insulated rigid tank contains 5 kg of a saturated liquid vapor mixture of water at l00 kpa. Initially, three-quarters of the mass is in the liquid phase. An electric resistor

### Chemistry 51 Chapter 7 PROPERTIES OF GASES. Gases are the least dense and most mobile of the three phases of matter.

ROERIES OF GASES Gases are the least dense and most mobile of the three phases of matter. articles of matter in the gas phase are spaced far apart from one another and move rapidly and collide with each

### Gases. Edward Wen, PhD

Gases Edward Wen, PhD Properties of Gases expand to completely fill their container take the shape of their container low density much less than solid or liquid state compressible when pressure is changed.

### CP Chapter 13/14 Notes The Property of Gases Kinetic Molecular Theory

CP Chapter 13/14 Notes The Property of Gases Kinetic Molecular Theory Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases The word kinetic refers to. Kinetic energy is the an object has because of its motion. Kinetic Molecular

### Analysis of Effects of Temperature on Petrophysical Properties of Petroleum Reservoir Rocks and Fluids

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development e-issn: 2278-67X, p-issn: 2278-8X, www.ijerd.com Volume 1, Issue 6 (June 214), PP.53-61 Analysis of Effects of Temperature on Petrophysical

### 4 RESERVOIR ENGINEERING

4 RESERVOIR ENGINEERING This chapter summarizes the reservoir engineering data and analysis used in the development of the Depletion Plan for the White Rose Field. The data were derived from seismic and

### GASES. Unit #8. AP Chemistry

GASES Unit #8 AP Chemistry I. Characteristics of Gases A. Gas Characteristics: 1. Fills its container a. no definite shape b. no definite vol. 2. Easily mixes w/ other gases 3. Exerts pressure on its surroundings

### stat0il Tone Orke Reservoir Fluid Study for Statoil, Well by Arne M.Martinsen LAB Den norske stab ol.ieselskap a.

stat0il Den norske stab ol.ieselskap a.s c Classification Requested by K n Hanstveit, PL-050 Subtitle Co-workers Tone Orke Reservoir Fluid Study for Statoil, Well 3411 0-1 1 STATOI L EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION

### Pressure Measurement

Pressure Measurement Absolute and Gage Pressure P abs = P gage + P atm where P abs = Absolute pressure P abs = Gage pressure P abs = atmospheric pressure A perfect vacuum is the lowest possible pressure.

### CHAPTER 3 : AIR COMPRESSOR

CHAPTER 3 : AIR COMPRESSOR Robotic & Automation Department FACULTY OF MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING, UTeM Learning Objectives Identify types of compressors available Calculate air capacity rating of compressor

### CHEMISTRY - CLUTCH CH.5 - GASES.

!! www.clutchprep.com CONCEPT: UNITS OF PRESSURE Pressure is defined as the force exerted per unit of surface area. Pressure = Force Area The SI unit for Pressure is the, which has the units of. The SI

### CVEN 311 Fluid Dynamics Fall Semester 2011 Dr. Kelly Brumbelow, Texas A&M University. Final Exam

CVEN 311 Fluid Dynamics Fall Semester 2011 Dr. Kelly Brumbelow, Texas A&M University Final Exam 8 pages, front & back, not including reference sheets; 21 questions An excerpt from the NCEES Fundamentals

### NOTES: Behavior of Gases

NOTES: Behavior of Gases Properties of Gases Gases have weight Gases take up space Gases exert pressure Gases fill their containers Gases are mostly empty space The molecules in a gas are separate, very

### In the name of Allah

In the name of Allah Physical chemistry- 2 nd state semester 1 Petroleum and petrochemical engineering. Lecture No. 1 General Introduction In Physical Chemistry 16-10-2016 Assistance prof. Dr. Luma Majeed

### OVERVIEW. Flow Coefficient C v. Operating Conditions. Specific Gravity

VERVIEW This valve sizing software program is based on the use of nomenclature and sizing equations from ISA Standard S75.01 and IEC Standard 534-2. The sizing equations are based on equations for predicting

### Semi-Synthetic PVT with atmospheric wellhead crude samples. Introduction

Semi-Synthetic PVT with atmospheric wellhead crude samples. Lic. Marcelo A. Crotti (mcrotti@inlab.com.ar) and Lic. Diego Moglia (dmoglia@inlab.com.ar) - Inlab S.A., Gustavo A. Fica (Gustavo_Fica@sinopecarg.com.ar)

### ACFM vs. SCFM vs. ICFM Series of Technical White Papers from Squire-Cogswell

ACFM vs. SCFM vs. ICFM Series of Technical White Papers from Squire-Cogswell Squire Cogswell / Aeros Instruments, Inc. 1111 Lakeside Drive Gurnee, IL 60031 Phone: (800) 448-0770 Fax: (847) 855-6304 info@squire-cogswell.com

### PREPARING SOLUBILITY DATA FOR USE UPDATING KEY RESOURCES BY THE GAS PROCESSING INDUSTRY:

PREPARING SOLUBILITY DATA FOR USE Mapping Midstream s Future 2012 GPA Convention BY THE GAS PROCESSING INDUSTRY: UPDATING KEY RESOURCES Darryl Mamrosh and Kevin Fisher Trimeric Corporation Jeff Matthews

### FRAC FLUIDS AND WATER USAGE Evaluating The Commercial Viability and Success In Using Water-Free Fracs

FRAC FLUIDS AND WATER USAGE Evaluating The Commercial Viability and Success In Using Water-Free Fracs Overview of Presentation BlackBrush Oil & Gas Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs) as frac fluid. Advantages

### Case Study Results on Natural Gas Custody Transfer Measurement with Coriolis Meters in Saudi Arabia

Case Study Results on Natural Gas Custody Transfer Measurement with Coriolis Meters in Saudi Arabia Introduction Mohammed Al-Torairi: Saudi Aramco mohammed.torairi@aramco.com WC-1337, Al-Midra Tower Dhahran

### Unit C-2: List of Subjects

ES12 Energy Transfer Fundamentals Unit C: Thermodynamic ROAD MAP... C-1: p-v-t Relations C-2: Thermodynamic Property Tables Unit C-2: List of Subjects Thermodynamic Property Tables Saturated Liquid and

### PROPERTIES OF R-134A (1,1,1,2-TETRAFLUOROETHANE)

PROPERTIES OF R-134A (1,1,1,2-TETRAFLUOROETHANE) Industrial Refrigeration Consortium University of Wisconsin Madison, WI USA Who we Are The IRC is a collaborative effort between the University of Wisconsin-Madison

### Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Matter

Gases Properties of Gases Gas Pressure Gases What gases are important for each of the following: O 2, CO 2 and/or He? A. B. C. D. 1 2 Gases What gases are important for each of the following: O 2, CO 2