PAWS Primary Aquatics Water Safety

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1 Land PAWS 1 Aim: Pupils will gain a detailed knowledge of water safety best practices Test Items: Oral Test: Water at the Swimming Pool Water at Open Water Water on the Farm Water in the Home Water at the Swimming Pool Pupils should be able to list at least 6 methods of staying safe in and around the swimming pool Pupils should be able to explain the reasoning behind the rules: e.g. Be careful not to dive into shallow water because you could be injured by hitting yourself off the bottom of the pool Pupils should understand the importance of the lifeguards Pupils should understand the importance of the signs around the pool i.e. Deep End means that the pupils may not be able to stand in that area Main Resources: Pool Dopper s Pool Advice Leaflets and Poster

2 Water at Outdoor Water Pupils should be able to grasp that outdoor water includes: Rivers Leisure Centres and Parks Canals Reservoirs Gravel Pits Piers Ice Lakes and Wetlands Construction Sites Cliffs Pupils should be able to list at least ten tips for staying safe around outdoor water Pupils should be able to explain the reasoning behind the safety advice e.g. Do not play near the edge of river banks because they can crumble away suddenly Boating is another aspect of this topic Pupils should be able give two pieces of advice that should be followed before setting out on a boating trip Pupils should be able to give a list of at least three items that should be carried on board the boat for each trip Main Resources: Inland Waterways Leaflet, 14 Step to Safe and Enjoyable Boating Leaflet, Safe Boating Poster

3 Water on the Farm Pupils should understand that there are many hidden dangers located on the farm Pupils should be very aware of the dangers of Slurry Pits Pupils should be able to list three things you should never do on the farm Pupils should be able to explain why these things should never be done e.g. Never walk on ice covered waterways because the ice could crack or give way under your weight and you could fall into the freezing water Pupils should also be able to give tips about safety on the farm Pupils should be able to explain their reasoning behind these tips e.g. Holes or drains left exposed after buildings work should be closed because you could fall into them and become trapped; these could also be filled with water Main Resource: 10 Steps to Water on the Farm Leaflet

4 Water in the Home Pupils should be able to list the dangers around the home with regards to water Pupils should be aware that there are many hidden dangers around the home e.g. Washing machines, rain barrels, water tanks etc Pupils should be able to give at least five tips on water safety around the home e.g. Keep bath plugs out of reach Pupils should be familiar with emergency procedures e.g. Getting help from an adult, calling 112, learn lifesaving skills Main Resource: Water at Home Leaflet Other Resources available for this course: Water 14 Step to Safe and Enjoyable Swimming Leaflet Water Poster Be Safe Be Seen Poster Stay Safe in the Surf Poster

5 Land PAWS 2 Aim: Pupils will gain a detailed knowledge of water safety best practices Test Items Oral Test: Water at the Swimming Pool (hygiene, rules of the local pool) Water at Outdoor Water Water on the Farm Water in the Home Calling Emergency Services Related Skills on Land: Throw buoyant object into designated area Throw rope into designated area Throw ringbuoy into designated area.

6 Points to Note When completing Land PAWS 2 in schools A buoyant object is any object that floats in water e.g. a large ball etc A designated area is any specific area outlined as a target for the object e.g. a gymnastics mat placed on the floor Water at the Swimming Pool Pupils should be able to list at least 6 methods of staying safe in and around the swimming pool Pupils should be able to explain the reasoning behind the rules: e.g. Be careful not to dive into shallow water because you could be injured by hitting yourself off the bottom of the pool Pupils should understand the importance of the lifeguards Pupils should understand the importance of the signs around the pool i.e. Deep End means that the pupils may not be able to stand in that area Pupils should have an understanding of the importance of hygiene in the swimming pool how water and the surrounding areas are a perfect breeding ground for germs, how verrucas etc are spread easily. Pupils should understand the importance of the rules of the local swimming pool e.g. Why should you never jump or dive into a designated swimming area? Because you could land on top of a swimmer and injure them Main Resources: Pool Dopper s Pool Advice Leaflets and Posters Water at Outdoor Water

7 Pupils should be able to grasp that outdoor water includes: Rivers Leisure Centres and Parks Canals Reservoirs Gravel Pits Piers Ice Lakes and Wetlands Construction Sites Cliffs Pupils should be able to list at least ten tips for staying safe around outdoor water Pupils should be able to explain the reasoning behind the safety advice e.g. Do not play near the edge of river banks because they can crumble away suddenly Boating is another aspect of this topic Pupils should be able give two pieces of advice that should be followed before setting out on a boating trip Pupils should be able to give a list of at least three items that should be carried on board the boat for each trip Main Resources: Inland Waterways Leaflet, 14 Step to Safe and Enjoyable Boating Leaflet, Safe Boating Poster Water on the Farm

8 Pupils should understand that there are many hidden dangers located on the farm Pupils should be very aware of the dangers of Slurry Pits Pupils should be able to list three things you should never do on the farm Pupils should be able to explain why these things should never be done e.g. Never walk on ice covered waterways because the ice could crack or give way under your weight and you could fall into the freezing water Pupils should also be able to give tips about safety on the farm Pupils should be able to explain their reasoning behind these tips e.g. Holes or drains left exposed after buildings work should be closed because you could fall into them and become trapped; these could also be filled with water Main Resource: 10 Steps to Water on the Farm Leaflet Water in the Home Pupils should be able to list the dangers around the home with regards to water

9 Pupils should be aware that there are many hidden dangers around the home e.g. Washing machines, rain barrels, water tanks etc Pupils should be able to give at least five tips on water safety around the home e.g. Keep bath plugs out of reach Pupils should be familiar with emergency procedures e.g. Getting help from an adult, calling 112, learn lifesaving skills Main Resource: Water at Home Leaflet Calling the Emergency Services Pupils should be familiar with the procedures for calling the emergency services Do not panic Dial 112 Say what service you require Gardaí, Fire Service, Ambulance, Coastguard Give your name Tell them where you are Tell them the details of the accident Other Resources available for this course:

10 Water 14 Step to Safe and Enjoyable Swimming Leaflet Water Poster Be Safe Be Seen Poster Stay Safe in the Surf Poster Related Skills on Land Throwing a buoyant object into a designated area Set up a designated area in classroom/p.e. hall/outside area (using available mats) Pupils should be approx 5m away from this area. A buoyant object is anything that floats in water e.g. a ball Stance for throwing object One foot should be in front of the other Object should be gripped with one hand Object should be thrown to the designated area as gently as possible Throwing a rope into a designated area

11 Set up a designated area in classroom/p.e. hall/outside area (using available mats) Pupils should be approximately 5m away from this area If pupils are right handed: Stand feet and shoulders facing 90 right of the designated area Feet are to be shoulder width apart Rope should be laid out with no knots Place end of rope under left foot (left foot should be front foot) Pick up rope Clasp rope in right hand, close fist, palm should face downward Take rope in left hand (left hand opened with palm facing upward in front of right hand) Run left hand along rope until outstretched Once outstretched, bring hand and rope back to behind right hand Place rope in right hand grip from smallest finger to thumb Repeat until entire rope has been coiled Holding entire rope in right hand, gently swing right arm back (about 45 from body) Bring arm and rope forward, when in front of body release Throwing a ringbuoy into a designated area Set up a designated area in classroom/p.e. hall/outside area (using available mats) Pupils should be approx 5m away from this area. Stance for throwing object

12 One foot should be in front of the other Ringbuoy should be gripped with one hand; palm on outside of ringbuoy and fingers facing inward Ringbuoy should be gently taken back from the body (45 ), brought forward and released Land PAWS 3 Aim: Pupils will gain a detailed knowledge of water safety best practices Test Items Oral Test Water at the Swimming Pool

13 Water at Outdoor Water Water on the Farm Water in the Home Recognition of hazards of water Correct Procedures for dealing with hazards Calling emergency services Floatation Local Aquatics Organisations Simulated Rescues on Land Voice Contact Rescue with Rope Rescue with Buoyant Object Rescue with Ringbuoy Wading Rescue Water at the Swimming Pool Pupils should be able to list at least 6 methods of staying safe in and around the swimming pool Pupils should be able to explain the reasoning behind the rules: e.g. Be careful not to dive into shallow water because you could be injured by hitting yourself off the bottom of the pool Pupils should understand the importance of the lifeguards Pupils should understand the importance of the signs around the pool

14 i.e. Deep End means that the pupils may not be able to stand in that area Pupils should have an understanding of the importance of hygiene in the swimming pool how water and the surrounding areas are a perfect breeding ground for germs, how verrucas etc are spread easily. Pupils should understand the importance of the rules of the local swimming pool e.g. Why should you never jump or dive into a designated swimming area? Because you could land on top of a swimmer and injure them Main Resources: Pool Dopper s Pool Advice Leaflets and Posters Water at Outdoor Water Pupils should be able to grasp that outdoor water includes: Rivers Leisure Centres and Parks Canals Reservoirs Gravel Pits

15 Piers Ice Lakes and Wetlands Construction Sites Cliffs Pupils should be able to list at least ten tips for staying safe around outdoor water Pupils should be able to explain the reasoning behind the safety advice e.g. Do not play near the edge of river banks because they can crumble away suddenly Boating is another aspect of this topic Pupils should be able give two pieces of advice that should be followed before setting out on a boating trip Pupils should be able to give a list of at least three items that should be carried on board the boat for each trip Main Resources: Inland Waterways Leaflet, 14 Step to Safe and Enjoyable Boating Leaflet, Safe Boating Poster Water on the Farm Pupils should understand that there are many hidden dangers located on the farm Pupils should be very aware of the dangers of Slurry Pits Pupils should be able to list three things you should never do on the farm Pupils should be able to explain why these things should never be done e.g. Never walk on ice covered waterways because the ice could crack or give way under your weight and you could fall into the freezing water

16 Pupils should also be able to give tips about safety on the farm Pupils should be able to explain their reasoning behind these tips e.g. Holes or drains left exposed after buildings work should be closed because you could fall into them and become trapped; these could also be filled with water Main Resource: 10 Steps to Water on the Farm Leaflet Water in the Home Pupils should be able to list the dangers around the home with regards to water Pupils should be aware that there are many hidden dangers around the home e.g. Washing machines, rain barrels, water tanks etc Pupils should be able to give at least five tips on water safety around the home e.g. Keep bath plugs out of reach Pupils should be familiar with emergency procedures e.g. Getting help from an adult, calling 112, learn lifesaving skills Main Resource: Water at Home Leaflet

17 Recognition of Hazards of Water Pupils should be able to name the groups of water hazards: Surf, Weather, Environmental and Marine Life Pupils should be able to classify hazards of water into these groups. Pupils should be able to list at least three hazards per group E.g. Surf Waves, Tides, and Currents Weather Wind Environmental Inshore Holes, Sand Bars, Submerged Objects Marine Life Seaweed, Jellyfish, Barnacles Correct Procedures for dealing with hazards Dealing with Surf Conditions: Pupils should be able to identify if there is a lifeguard on duty. Pupils should be able to identify the lifeguard flags. Pupils should recognise that if surf conditions are hazards there will be a red flag displayed on lifeguarded beaches. Dealing with Weather Conditions: Pupils should know never to take inflatables into the water as the wind could drag them out to sea. Dealing with Environmental Hazards: Pupils should know to be very careful at open water.

18 They should know to enter the water carefully. They should be wary of any submerged objects they should not jump in to unknown water off rocks etc. Dealing with Marine Life Hazards: Shells If cut by a shell the wound should be disinfected immediately by a qualified first aider If stung by a jellyfish pupils should know that it should be treated with vinegar (or another acidic substance) If a pupil gets entangled in seaweed they should try not to panic and gently try to slide themselves free. By panicking and sudden movements they generally become more trapped. Calling the Emergency Services Pupils should be familiar with the procedures for calling the emergency services Do not panic Dial 112 Say what service you require Gardaí, Fire Service, Ambulance, Coastguard Give your name Tell them where you are Tell them the details of the accident Floatation Pupils should be familiar with the concept of floating

19 Pupils should be able to explain what floating means (i.e. staying above the water and not sinking) Pupils should be able to list objects that float Pupils should be able to list objects that do not float that sink. Local Aquatics Organisations Pupils should be able to list local aquatics organisations e.g. Swimming Clubs; Lifesaving Clubs, Water Polo Clubs; Angling Clubs, Surfing Clubs etc. A short research project could be set for pupils to include the name of the club, where they meet, how many times they meet in a week, who is in charge etc. Other Resources available for this course: Water 14 Step to Safe and Enjoyable Swimming Leaflet Water Poster Be Safe Be Seen Poster Stay Safe in the Surf Poster Simulated Rescues on Land Voice Contact Rescue Pupils are in pairs

20 One pupils is the designated rescuer and the other is the designated subject The rescuer attempts to rescue the subject (situated approx 5m away) using only their voice (Encouragement and instruction e.g. kick your legs; keep your head above the water etc) Once casualty is safe, pupils swap positions Rescue with Rope Pupils are in pairs One pupil is the rescuer and one is the subject Follow procedure from Land PAWS 2 Subject receives rope, rescuer gently pulls the casualty to shore Rescuer constantly talks to casualty and informs them of what action is being taken Once casualty is safe, pupils swap positions Rescue with a buoyant object

21 Pupils are in pairs One pupil is the rescuer and one is the subject The rescuer gently throws the ringbuoy to one side of the casualty and instructs them on what to do e.g. kick your legs Once the casualty is safe, pupils swap positions Rescue with a Ringbuoy Pupils are in pairs One pupil is the rescuer and one pupil is the casualty The rescuer gently throws the ringbuoy to one side of the casualty and instructs them on what to do e.g. kick your legs Once the casualty is safe, pupils swap positions. Wading Rescue Pupils are in pairs once again one as the rescuer and one as the subject. Using a pole the rescuer walks slowly towards the subject using the pole to check for submerged objects. Once suitably near the subject the rescuer then reaches for the subject with the pole.

22 While keeping an eye on the subject, rescuer returns to safety.

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