1 CORPORATE POLICY NO. POLICY AND PAGE 1 of 10 PROCEDURE EFFECTIVE DATE JULY 1998 REVISION JANUARY 2006 Tab Authority Subject Approved by Transportation Department Traffic Services Division Neighbourhood Traffic Management Policy City Council Revision Date January 24, 2006 POLICY STATEMENT Traffic Services receive numerous concerns each year from the public regarding speeding, traffic short-cutting through residential neighbourhoods and concerns for safety of more vulnerable road users such as pedestrians and cyclists. In an effort to resolve traffic concerns raised by neighbourhood residents, City staff work in a consultative manner with area residents to develop a traffic management plan to address their concerns. The plan may incorporate traditional traffic control techniques or physical traffic calming. This policy will apply to local and two-lane collector roadways only in neighbourhoods of primarily residential land use. Refer to Appendix A for the Neighbourhood Traffic Management Review Process. The policy and procedures contained within this document do not apply to arterial roadways or four-lane collector roadways (Appendix B - City of Guelph Roadway Classification). This will ensure the primary function of those roadways in the City of Guelph to move traffic is maintained. Safety concerns on arterial roadways or fourlane collector roadways will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis outside of policy. PURPOSE INTRODUCTION This policy document outlines procedures for initiating, reviewing and implementing neighbourhood traffic management plans in residential neighbourhoods to address traffic safety concerns related to speeding and high volumes associated with traffic short-cutting through residential neighbourhoods. This policy shall apply to local and two-lane collector roadways located within primarily residential neighbourhoods. This document presents a revised Neighbourhood Traffic Management policy for the City of Guelph, initially adopted in July 1998 and previously revised in October The use of traffic calming measures can reduce the speed and volume of traffic to acceptable levels, as determined by staff, and restore the roadway to its intended function. Additional benefits are increased traffic safety and liveability of the neighbourhood through the reduction of vehicular and truck traffic, occurrence of excessive speeding, noise, vibration, air pollution and collisions, while providing a safer environment for pedestrians and cyclists.
2 CORPORATE POLICY NO. POLICY AND PAGE 2 of 10 PROCEDURE EFFECTIVE DATE JULY 1998 REVISION JANUARY 2006 The use of physical traffic calming measures such as road narrowings, raised crosswalks, speed humps, raised median islands, diverters and partial closures have been used throughout Europe and North America. In response to its growing popularity and use throughout Canada, particularly in larger urban cities such as Toronto and Vancouver, the Transportation Association of Canada (TAC) in collaboration with the Canadian Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) published in 1998 The Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming. It provides guidance for transportation professionals in Canada on the use, application and recommended design standards for various physical traffic calming measures. The guide was designed to ensure uniformity in application of traffic calming measures throughout Canada, minimize liability and maximize safety. This policy is intended to define how and when the City of Guelph will apply material contained in the Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming. GOALS In an effort to address traffic concerns in neighbourhoods, the Neighbourhood Traffic Management policy shall address the following goals: Improve public safety. Encourage roadways to function as intended. Improve Liveability of neighbourhoods. OBJECTIVES Objectives to achieve the above goals will include: Reduce excessive vehicle speeds. Discourage short-cutting traffic. Minimize conflicts between road users. PRINCIPALS OF TRAFFIC CALMING The following twelve (12) principles will be applied when selecting and implementing traffic calming measures. This will ensure appropriate traffic calming measures are selected, that they are compatible with the community s needs and any potential negative impacts are minimized. While each situation is unique, the principles of traffic calming are relevant to each situation. Application of these principles will maximize effectiveness of the traffic calming plans and help build community acceptance and support of the final traffic calming plans. 1. Identify traffic problem(s). It is important to identify the traffic problem(s) so the appropriate traffic calming measures are selected. 2. Quantify the problem. To select the appropriate measures, it is important to quantify the extent of the problem. This requires gathering data by conducting traffic counts, vehicle classification counts, speed studies, license plate traces and collecting collision statistics. These studies will be conducted as per accepted Engineering practises. 3. Consider improvements to the arterial road network first. There are a number of options available to improve operations on the arterial road network (e.g. signal timing adjustments, lane designations). Prior to implementing traffic calming measures on residential roadways, where arterial road improvements are available, they will be considered.
3 CORPORATE POLICY NO. POLICY AND PAGE 3 of 10 PROCEDURE EFFECTIVE DATE JULY 1998 REVISION JANUARY Minimize impacts on adjacent residential roadways. Prior to considering traffic calming measures for a particular roadway, any potential negative impact on adjacent roadways will be considered. 5. Avoid restricting neighbourhood access. Diverters, barriers and closures can restrict access for people who live or work on a particular roadway and have a significant impact on the delivery of emergency services, public transit, etc. 6. Use self-enforcing measures. Traffic calming measures which maintain a 24-hour presence and do not require police enforcement to ensure compliance are preferable. The use of physical traffic calming measures will also ensure police resources are available for higher priority community concerns such as arterial roadways. 7. Target automobiles and trucks. The purpose of traffic calming is to reduce the negative affects of motor vehicles while improving conditions for other road users. Traffic calming measures will be designed to permit cyclists and pedestrians to travel unaffected, while slowing down motor vehicles. 8. Maintain and minimize impacts on delivery of emergency services, public transit and other City services (e.g. waste collection, winter maintenance, roadway sweeping) When selecting traffic calming measures, staff will strive to balance the needs of these services with slowing traffic on residential roadways. 9. Use cost-effective measures. Recognizing the importance for fiscal responsibility, staff will focus on using cost-effective measures. This will ensure that funding can be allocated appropriately. 10. Encourage public participation and community support. Resident input and suggestion as to the cause of traffic problems, and possible solutions will be encouraged. An open, public process will ensure that residents concerns are heard and appropriate solutions are selected and implemented. Traffic Calming projects fall under Schedule B of the Environmental Assessment Process (EA). 11. Support other City of Guelph strategic planning documents including the Official Plan and Transportation Strategy Update. This will ensure the selection and implementation of traffic calming measures complement other City planning policies. 12. Monitor and follow-up. Comparable traffic volume, speed and collision data will be collected before and after implementation. In addition, resident, City and emergency services feedback will be solicited in an effort to measure the effectiveness of traffic calming measures. APPLICABLE TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES The Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming lists a total of 25 measures, which are listed in Appendix C Traffic Calming Measures Available for Consideration. In selecting traffic calming measures, preference will be given to physical traffic calming measures over regulatory traffic control signing. Traffic calming measures will be selected, based on their intended benefits, specifically:
4 CORPORATE POLICY NO. POLICY AND PAGE 4 of 10 PROCEDURE EFFECTIVE DATE JULY 1998 REVISION JANUARY 2006 Speed reduction potential to reduce vehicles speeds along a roadway Volume reduction potential to reduce through traffic on a roadway Conflict reduction potential to reduce vehicle-vehicle conflicts, vehiclepedestrian conflicts, etc. When selecting appropriate measures, staff will make an effort to use a combination of measures, determining their effectiveness and then modifying, where justified, based on traffic data and resident feedback. Preference will be given to installing less restrictive measures such as narrowings and horizontal measures. Vertical measures, such as speed humps, raised crosswalks and textured crosswalks (which change the vertical plane) will be used only as a last resort after all other methods of traffic calming have been exhausted. Traffic Calming Measures Not Recommended Full road closures The closure of a roadway will not be considered as a traffic calming measure under this policy. The closure of a roadway must follow a Class Environment Assessment Process, including a comprehensive assessment of impact on transportation network as a whole, etc. Road closures fall outside of the scope of this policy, and therefore will not be considered. Raised intersections Due to the significant costs associated with the construction of this measure, it is not considered a cost-effective option. Rumble strips The noise and vibration caused by this measure is significant, and generally not appropriate for urban areas. Reduced Speed Zones Unless justified, lower speed limits do not improve safety and may in fact increase incidents of aggressive driver behaviour. The principles of driver expectation suggest that if drivers do not recognise a particular speed limit as being reasonable, those limits will be ignored. They also place unrealistic demands on police resources for enforcement. Community Safety Zones The principles of traffic calming, outlined in this policy, suggest self enforcing measures to curb driver behaviour. Community Safety Zones, by their nature, require constant and strict police enforcement to be effective and therefore, considered an enforcement tool rather than an engineering tool. PROCESS FOR ADDRESSING NEIGHBOURHOOD TRAFFIC CONCERNS Staff will respond to neighbourhood traffic concerns using the process described here in detail and shown graphically in Appendix A. The following procedures are in keeping with the requirements of the EA process. 1.0 COMMUNICATION / PUBLIC CONSULTATION Resident input and suggestion as to the cause of traffic problems, and possible solutions will be encouraged. An open, public process will ensure that residents concerns are heard and appropriate solutions are selected and implemented. A table detailing staff consultation throughout the process is found in Appendix D Traffic Review Process Consultation and Communication.
5 CORPORATE POLICY NO. POLICY AND PAGE 5 of 10 PROCEDURE EFFECTIVE DATE JULY 1998 REVISION JANUARY PUBLIC PARTICIPATION All households (property owners and tenants) within the study area, defined as those roadways bounded by the nearest arterial roadways or natural boundaries, will receive notification of all public meetings and surveys. A minimum two weeks advance notice will be provided to all residents to allow adequate time for feedback and to encourage participation. Notices will also be placed in the Guelph Tribune City Page and the on the City s web site. 1.2 OTHER NOTIFICATIONS Other agencies will also be notified of the traffic review. These agencies include: Guelph Police Service Guelph Fire Department Royal City Ambulance Upper Grand and Wellington Catholic District School Board Upper Grand District Transportation Consortium Public Works Department Engineering Department Transit Services Solid Waste Services Guelph Accessibility Advisory Committee Other groups or agencies as required 2.0 INITIATION OF REQUEST Residents who have a traffic-related concern within their neighbourhood will submit in writing their request for a traffic review to the Traffic Services Division. The request, initiated by an individual or group of residents, may specify one or several residential local or two-lane collector roadways within a neighbourhood. Staff will deal with requests on a first-come-first-serve basis. 2.1 ELIGIBILITY Requests for neighbourhood traffic reviews shall apply to local or two-lane collector roadways with primarily residential land use as defined by the City s Official Plan and Transportation Strategy Update. 3.0 DEFINING THE AFFECTED STREETS The affected street(s) are defined as the roadway(s) under review for traffic calming measures. Staff may recommend that adjacent residential roadways be included in the traffic review that will likely be impacted by traffic calming on the target roadway(s) within the neighbourhood. 4.0 TRAFFIC ANALYSIS 4.1 DATA COLLECTION Traffic Services will analyse traffic patterns on affected streets to determine the extent and nature of the problem. Volumes, speeds and classification of vehicles will be collected through the use of automatic traffic counters for a minimum 48 hours. License plate studies will be conducted to measure short-cutting traffic. All studies will be conducted based upon established Engineering practices.
6 CORPORATE POLICY NO. POLICY AND PAGE 6 of 10 PROCEDURE EFFECTIVE DATE JULY 1998 REVISION JANUARY QUANTIFY THE PROBLEM Based on the results of the data collection and analysis, a traffic review will continue if one of the following criteria is met: Neighbourhood Traffic Review Criteria: Road Classification Speed Short- Cutting Traffic Local Roadway Two-lane Collector Roadway If If 85 th percentile 55 km/hr 85 th percentile 60 km/hr OR OR Infiltrating traffic exceeds 30% Infiltrating traffic exceeds 30% AND AND Volume > 900 vehicles per day > 2000 vehicles per day Initiate Traffic Review Initiate Traffic Review Note: Sample worksheet in Appendix E Neighbourhood Traffic Review Criteria Roadways meeting the above criteria qualify for a traffic review. Where staff has identified potential negative impacts to adjacent roadways within the neighbourhood, these roadways will be included in the review and considered affected streets regardless of whether they meet the minimum criteria. The applicant will be notified, either verbally or in writing, the results of the traffic analysis and if their request advances to the next phase. For roadways not meeting the above criteria, the process is terminated and the applicant is advised in writing with copies sent to the specific ward Councillors. If a street fails to meet the required criteria for a neighbourhood traffic review, that street will not be considered for another review for a period of 24 months. 5.0 PETITION TO PROCEED: INITIATING A TRAFFIC REVIEW Should the criteria be met as outlined in Section 4.2, the applicant is required to circulate a Neighbourhood Traffic Review Request Petition (Appendix F) to the affected streets, as identified by staff, to determine if there is resident support to proceed with a traffic review. Signatures from a minimum of 60% of the residents on affected streets must be obtained. Of those, 60% must be in support of the request in order to initiate a formal traffic review. This is based on one signature per household. For roadways not meeting the above criteria, the process is terminated and the applicant is advised in writing with copies sent to the specific ward Councillors. 6.0 INITIATE A TRAFFIC REVIEW Residents of the study area and City Council will be notified in writing of the commencement of a traffic review, and invited to a public meeting with staff as described in Section 7.0.
7 CORPORATE POLICY NO. POLICY AND PAGE 7 of 10 PROCEDURE EFFECTIVE DATE JULY 1998 REVISION JANUARY PUBLIC MEETING - IDENTIFY TRAFFIC CONCERNS Through the initial Public Meeting, residents of the study area will have an opportunity to identify their traffic concerns and comment on possible solutions. The Public Meeting will include education on traffic calming and the use of focus groups, within the public meeting, facilitated by staff. 8.0 DEVELOP PLAN ALTERNATIVES Staff will develop plan alternatives based on resident input. Development of the draft plans will be in keeping with the goals, objectives and principles set out in this policy. Comprehensive traffic calming plans will be drafted as possible solutions to address identified traffic concerns. 8.1 EXAMINE ARTERIAL ROADWAYS FOR CONTRIBUTING FACTORS Where issues have been identified on the arterial road network, staff will review and consider possible solutions to aid in addressing traffic concerns in the neighbourhood. 8.2 IDENTIFY APPLICABLE TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES Upon reviewing the benefits and impacts associated with each of the traffic calming measures, staff will identify and select the appropriate ones for inclusion in the draft Neighbourhood Traffic Management plan. The Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming will be used to aid in the selection of applicable traffic calming measures. 8.3 MEET AND CIRCULATE PLAN ALTERNATIVES TO CITY AND EMERGENCY SERVICES This will provide an opportunity for affected services to identify potential issues/concerns regarding impacts on their operations prior to presentation to the public (identified in Section 1.2). Staff will encourage each of these affected services to seek input from their front-line employees, who would be directly affected. 9.0 OPEN HOUSE PRESENT PLAN ALTERNATIVES After submission to city and emergency services, the plan alternatives will be presented to residents of the study area at a public open house. Plans presented at this meeting will include a list of pros and cons associated with their respective implementation. It will be at this time the public will have an opportunity to provide comments and identify issues/concerns with the proposed plan alternatives. Additionally, the plans will be available for viewing at the offices of Traffic Services for a period of two weeks following the open house. Residents will also have the opportunity to submit their comments in writing EVALUATE AND SELECT RECOMMENDED TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Based upon feedback from residents, a recommended plan will be selected. This plan will then be circulated to affected services identified in Section 1.2 for approval. The plan will be modified by staff to address any concerns raised.
8 CORPORATE POLICY NO. POLICY AND PAGE 8 of 10 PROCEDURE EFFECTIVE DATE JULY 1998 REVISION JANUARY SURVEY RESIDENTS ON DRAFT PLAN The draft plan will be mailed to each household of the study area, as defined in section 1.1, through a mailed survey conducted by staff to determine support for the recommended plan. A minimum approval rate of 60% based on number of surveys returned is required. If met, staff will proceed with the plans recommendation to City Council that will include a summary of the survey responses. Should the approval rate of 60% not be met, the process is terminated and the applicant is advised in writing with copies sent to the specific ward Councillors. Additionally, staff will submit an information report to Council 12.0 APPROVAL OF CITY COUNCIL The draft plan will be presented in a staff report to City Council for their consideration/approval. This will include a presentation of the plan and will include comments on plan feasibility, impacts, implementation costs, timing, and opinions of city and emergency services and area residents NOTIFICATION Residents of the study area will be notified in writing a minimum two (2) weeks prior to the Council meeting date. Public notice will also be posted in the Guelph Tribune City Page and on the City s web page IMPLEMENT THE PLAN Upon approval of the proposed Neighbourhood Traffic Management Plan by City Council, staff will proceed with preparing designs, scheduling and staging implementation of the approved traffic calming measures. Installation will be implemented in a timely manner based on available funding. Where limited funds are available, implementation of traffic calming measures will be phased in. Information signs pertaining to scheduling, and pending changes to neighbourhood roadways, will be installed a minimum of three (3) weeks prior to traffic calming measures being installed. These signs will be installed at major gateways into the neighbourhood. The installation of traffic calming measures in a temporary manner through the use of pavement markings and knock-down posts may be used on a short-term basis. This will allow staff to test measures on a temporary basis prior to considering a permanent installation. Installation of permanent measures will follow within one year of initial installation MONITOR, EVALUATE AND FOLLOW-UP 14.1 MONITOR: After traffic calming devices have been installed, staff will continually monitor the effectiveness of the traffic calming measures. Input from the public and city and emergency services will be encouraged and welcomed. It would be during the monitoring stage that staff may make additional changes / modifications to address specific operational concerns.
9 CORPORATE POLICY NO. POLICY AND PAGE 9 of 10 PROCEDURE EFFECTIVE DATE JULY 1998 REVISION JANUARY EVALUATE: Data will be collected within the study area and on adjacent streets (where deemed necessary) to determine how traffic patterns and driver behaviour have been affected by the traffic calming devices. Data collected will include traffic volumes, speed and origin-destination studies. This data will be collected within six to nine months of implementation. In addition to data collection, a survey will be mailed to all households of the study area requesting their comments on the measures taken FOLLOW-UP: Staff will submit a report to City Council, within one year of implementation, on the effectiveness of the measures. The report will include summaries of data collected (both before and after measures were installed) and comments from various stakeholders including residents of the study area, the general public and city and emergency services. It will be at this time when staff will make recommendations to City Council on the traffic calming measures in place. Recommendations may include: Termination of the project Installing measures presently installed in a temporary manner (e.g. knock down bollards) to a permanent manner (e.g. concrete curb) Removal of measures deemed ineffective Installation of additional measures Where additional measures are proposed, the public consultation process would resume with staff presenting new plan alternatives for resident consideration. FUNDING Capital Account RD0063 Traffic Management Initiatives The City funds the costs of implementing traffic calming measures through the taxsupported Capital budget. COSTS TRAFFIC CALMING SOURCES Construction costs for traffic calming measures will vary depending on factors such as type of materials used, labour, drainage requirements, landscaping, presence of utilities and land acquisition. As a result, the cost of each measure will vary from hundreds to thousands of dollars. A range of estimated construction costs for the various traffic calming measures are provided in Appendix G Estimated Construction Costs for Traffic Calming Measures. Staff will focus on using functionally efficient and cost-effective measures. This will ensure that funds can be distributed equitably among the various roadways waiting for traffic calming. This policy was developed based on a review of traffic calming polices and programs in the following municipalities. In addition, the 1998 Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming and the Institute of Transportation Engineers Information Report Traffic Calming - State of Practice published in August 1999.
10 CORPORATE POLICY NO. POLICY AND PAGE 10 of 10 PROCEDURE EFFECTIVE DATE JULY 1998 REVISION JANUARY 2006 Town of Oakville, Ontario City of Kitchener, Ontario City of Waterloo, Ontario City of Toronto, Ontario City of Burlington, Ontario City of Pickering, Ontario City of Vancouver, British Columbia City of Whistler, British Columbia City of Boulder, Colorado City of Portland, Oregon APPENDICES APPENDIX A: FLOW CHART OF CITY OF GUELPH NEIGHBOURHOOD TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW PROCESS APPENDIX B: CITY OF GUELPH ROADWAY CLASSIFICATION APPENDIX C: TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES AVAILABLE FOR CONSIDERATION IN THE CITY OF GUELPH APPENDIX D: REVIEW PROCESS CONSULTATION AND NOTIFICATION TABLE APPENDIX E: NEIGHBOURHOOD TRAFFIC REVIEW CRITERIA APPENDIX F: NEIGHBOURHOOD TRAFFIC REVIEW REQUEST PETITION APPENDIX G: ESTIMATED CONSTRUCTION COSTS FOR TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES DEFINITIONS AFFECTED STREET(S): IDENTIFIED ROADWAY(S) LOCATED WITHIN THE STUDY AREA UNDER REVIEW FOR TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES. AVERAGE ANNUAL DAILY TRAFFIC (AADT): THE TOTAL VOLUME OF TRAFFIC IN A TYPICAL 24 HOUR PERIOD. CITY AND EMERGENCY SERVICES: REFERS TO CITY OF GUELPH DEPARTMENTS INCLUDING GUELPH POLICE SERVICE, GUELPH FIRE SERVICES, ROYAL CITY AMBULANCE, ETC. HEAVY TRUCKS: A COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE THAT WEIGHS AT LEAST 3,049 KILOGRAMS (THREE TONNES) WHEN NOT LOADED. HOUSEHOLD: A RESIDENTIAL DWELLING UNIT, INCLUDES MULTI-UNIT RESIDENTIAL DWELLINGS (A RESIDENTIAL BUILDING WITH 3 OR MORE UNITS AS DEFINED UNDER THE CITY S OFFICIAL PLAN). STUDY AREA: ALL ROADWAYS ENCOMPASSED BY THE NEAREST ARTERIAL ROADWAYS AND/OR NATURAL BOUNDARIES. TRAFFIC CALMING: THE COMBINATION OF MAINLY PHYSICAL MEASURES THAT REDUCE THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF MOTOR VEHICLE USE, ALTER DRIVER BEHAVIOUR AND IMPROVE CONDITIONS FOR NON-MOTORIZED ROADWAY USERS. 85TH PERCENTILE SPEED: THE SPEED AT WHICH 85% OF THE VEHICLES ARE TRAVELLING AT OR LESS THAN.
11 APPENDIX A NEIGHBOURHOOD TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW PROCESS FLOW CHART Request Initiated Formal request is received in writing Yes Petition Circulated by applicant Traffic Analysis Conditions met? Petition achieves >/= 60% support No End of Review Process Yes Initiate Traffic Review Identify Traffic Concerns Public Meeting Educational session and focus group Develop Traffic Management Plan Alternatives Arterial network review Identify applicable measures Meet & circulate plan(s) with City/Emergency Services Present Plan Alternatives Open House Present to residents Evaluate & Select Recommended plan Circulate Proposed plan to City/Emergency services for approval Survey Feedback from residents >/= 60% support Supported? No End of Review Process Yes Approvals PETC/Council Implement Proposed plan Monitor Observe and gather feedback Evaluate Traffic patterns and driver behaviour adequately addressed? Follow-up Report to PETC/Council on effectiveness of measures
12 APPENDIX B CITY OF GUELPH ROADWAY CLASSIFICATIONS
13 APPENDIX C TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES AVAILABLE FOR CONSIDERATION Measure Description Illustration Obstructions Directional Closures (semidiverter) A curb extension or vertical barrier extending to approximately the centerline of a roadway, effectively obstructing (prohibiting) one direction of traffic. Diagonal Diverter A raised barrier placed diagonally across an intersection, that forces traffic to turn and prevents traffic from proceeding straight through the intersection. Raised Median Through Intersection Intersection Channelization An elevated median constructed on the centreline of a two-way roadway through an intersection, which prevents left turns and through movements to and from the intersecting roadway. Raised islands located in an intersection, used to obstruct specific traffic movements and physically direct traffic through an intersection. Source: TAC / ITE Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming, December 1998
14 APPENDIX C TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES AVAILABLE FOR CONSIDERATION Measure Description Illustration Right-in/Right-Out Island A raised triangular island at an intersection approach which obstructs left turns and through movements to and from the intersection street or driveway. Vertical Measures Speed Hump NOTE: Speed humps, raised crosswalks, raised intersection and textured crosswalks will be considered only when other measures have been tested onsite and fail. A raised area of a roadway, which deflects both the wheels and frame of a traversing vehicle. Raised Crosswalk NOTE: Speed humps, raised crosswalks, raised intersection and textured crosswalks will be considered only when other measures have been tested onsite and fail. A marked pedestrian crosswalk at an intersection or midblock location constructed at a higher elevation than the adjacent roadway. Textured Crosswalk NOTE: Speed humps, raised crosswalks, raised intersection and textured crosswalks will be considered only when other measures have been tested onsite and fail. A crosswalk incorporating a textured and/or patterned surface which contrasts with the adjacent roadway. Source: TAC / ITE Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming, December 1998
15 APPENDIX C TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES AVAILABLE FOR CONSIDERATION Measure Description Illustration Sidewalk Extension A sidewalk is continued across a local street intersection. For a raised sidewalk extension, it is continued at is original elevation with the local roadway raised to the level of the sidewalk at the intersection. For an unraised sidewalk extension, the sidewalk is lowered to the level of the roadway. Horizontal Measures Traffic Circle A raised island located in the centre of an intersection which requires vehicles to travel through the intersection in a counter-clockwise direction around the island Chicane Curb Radius Reduction Narrowings Curb Extension A series of curb extensions on alternating sides of a roadway, which narrow the roadway and require drivers to steer from one side of the roadway to the other to travel through the chicane. Typically, a series of at least three curb extensions is used. The reconstruction of an intersection corner using a smaller radius, usually in the 3.0 m to 5.0 m range. A horizontal intrusion of the curb into the roadway resulting in a narrower section of roadway. Source: TAC / ITE Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming, December 1998
16 APPENDIX C TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES AVAILABLE FOR CONSIDERATION Measure Description Illustration Raised Median Island An elevated median constructed on the centreline of a two-way roadway to reduce the overall width of the adjacent travel lanes. Signage Traffic calmed neighbourhood Stop and all-way-stop Maximum speed One way Turn prohibited Yield Source: TAC / ITE Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming, December 1998
17 APPENDIX D TRAFFIC REVIEW PROCESS CONSULTATION AND COMMUNICATION Affected Residents Neighbourhood General Public City/Emergency Services Ward Councillors City Council Request Received Review Criteria Copy - Petition Petition Copy - Public Meeting Develop Plan Alternatives Mail Mail Open House Mail Mail Evaluate and Select Plan City news Ad - - Copy City news Ad Copy - Internal Mail and Site Meeting - - Survey Mail Mail - - Copy - Approvals Mail Mail Implement Info Signs Info Signs City news Ad City news Ad and Info Signs - Report Site Meeting - - Monitor Evaluate Mail Mail City news Ad - - Follow-up Report LEGEND: Petition Petition form prepared by staff to be circulated to directly affected residents Mail Official letter distributed by staff via Canada Post Copy A copy of official letter distributed by staff City news Ad An ad prepared by staff and placed in the City Page of Friday s Guelph Tribune from staff circulated for comments or input Internal Mail Inter-office mail circulated for comments or input Site Meeting Staff facilitated meeting on site Info Signs Information signs installed by Public Works indicating timeline and action Report Staff prepared report and recommendations to City Council
18 APPENDIX E NEIGHBOURHOOD TRAFFIC REVIEW CRITERIA TRAFFIC DATA CRITERIA: LOCAL ROAD 85%-ILE SPEED KM/H 55 KM/H OR INFILTRATING TRAFFIC % > 30% AND VOLUME VEH/DAY > 900 VEHICLES/DAY TWO-LANE COLLECTOR ROAD 85%-ILE SPEED KM/H 60 KM/H OR INFILTRATING TRAFFIC % > 30% AND VOLUME VEH/DAY > 2000 VEHICLES/DAY OTHER CRITERIA: PETITION: MIN. 60% OF HOUSEHOLDS SURVEYED REQUEST TRAFFIC REVIEW STREET CLASS: LOCAL COLLECTOR BLOCK LENGTH: NUMBER OF LANES: MIN. 120M (BETWEEN CONTROLLED INTERSECTIONS) MAX. 2 LANES (AS DESIGNATED IN THE CITY S OFFICIAL PLAN) PREDOMINANTLY RESIDENTIAL USE: YES NO (NOT COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL AREAS)
19 APPENDIX F NEIGHBOURHOOD TRAFFIC REVIEW REQUEST PETITION We, the residents of [ Click here and type street name ] request that the City undertake a review of our neighbourhood to address residents traffic concerns. Should a Traffic Review be undertaken, I agree to participate in the public process. Petition Contact Person: Name [ Click here and type applicant's name ] (Person initiating request) Address [ Click here and type address ] Phone No. [ Click here and type phone number ] ONLY ONE SIGNATURE PER HOUSEHOLD REQUIRED (person must be 18 yrs or older) Name Address Owner Tenant Are you in favour of the City conducting a Traffic Review? Yes No
20 APPENDIX G ESTIMATED CONSTRUCTION COSTS FOR TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES MEASURE COST OBSTRUCTIONS 1 FULL CLOSURE $ 10,000 - $ 30,000 EXCLUDES LAND ACQUISITION 2 DIRECTIONAL CLOSURE (SEMI DIVERTER) $ 2,000 - $ 25,000 3 DIAGONAL DIVERTER $ 10,000 - $ 40,000 4 RAISED MEDIAN THROUGH INTERSECTION $ 10,000 - $ 30, INTERSECTION CHANNELIZATION > $ 3,000 DEPENDING ON LENGTH OF ISLAND 6 RIGHT-IN/RIGHT-OUT ISLANDS $ 5,000 - $ 10,000 VERTICAL MEASURES 7 SPEED HUMP $ 1,000 $ 5,000 8 RAISED CROSSWALK $ 2,000 - $ 10,000 9 RAISED INTERSECTION $ 20,000 - $ 75,000 PER INTERSECTION 10 TEXTURED CROSSWALK $ 50/M 2 - $ 150/M 2 11 SIDEWALK EXTENSION $ 5,000 - $10, RUMBLE STRIPS $ $ 1,000 PER LOCATIONS HORIZONTAL MEASURES 13 TRAFFIC CIRCLE $ 5,000 - $10, CHICANE $10,000 - $30,000 PER SERIES 15 CURB RADIUS REDUCTION $ 3,000 DEPENDING ON RADIUS NARROWINGS 16 CURB EXTENSION (PINCH POINT) $ 3,000 - $ 10,000 PER CURB EXTENSION 17 RAISED MEDIAN ISLAND $ 5,000 - $10,000 SIGNAGE 18 SIGNAGE TRAFFIC CALMED NEIGHBOURHOOD $ 200 PER SIGN, INSTALLED 19 SIGNAGE - STOP AND ALL-WAY-STOP $ 200 PER SIGN, INSTALLED 20 SIGNAGE MAXIMUM SPEED $ 200 PER SIGN, INSTALLED 21 SIGNAGE - ONE WAY $ 200 PER SIGN, INSTALLED 22 SIGNAGE - TURN PROHIBITED $ 200 PER SIGN, INSTALLED 23 SIGNAGE - YIELD $ 200 PER SIGN, INSTALLED Source: TAC / ITE Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming, December 1998
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