Study Guide Primates and Human Evolution. Where do you fit into the natural world? Characteristics of Primates

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Study Guide Primates and Human Evolution. Where do you fit into the natural world? Characteristics of Primates"

Transcription

1 Study Guide Primates and Human Evolution Describe the traits of primates.! Classify yourself taxonomically.! What traits make you human?! Describe the evolutionary trends in hominin species over the past 5-7 million years.! List and describe four hominin species most closely related to modern humans. Where do you fit into the natural world? Linneus system: Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Primates Family nidae Genus Species sapiens Characteristics of Primates You re a primate! What does that mean? hands and feet: brain and jaw sizes: eye position: parental care, complex social behavior fingers & toes w/ fingernails

2 What makes us humans? Humans distinguished from other hominids by: Upright posture, bipedal locomotion Larger brains (V brain /M body ) Language capabilities (communication language) Jaw: Symbolic thought (considerable debate!) Complex tools (define complex ) Human Evolution Fossils like you: 160, ,000 y.a. Prior to that, no sapiens Where did we come from? there are other fossils that look a similar to us... Paleoanthropology boisei robustus ergaster? neanderthalensis sapiens def = study of human origins what data/evidence? fossils of approx. 20 species of extinct hominoids closer to modern humans than to modern apes. hominins humans + ancestors fossils as far back as ~7mya Best explanation so far for the evidence: Hominins originated in Africa split from early chimp lineage: ~7 mya What would early hominins look like? (brain? locomotion? teeth? jaw? tools?) Millions of years ago Kenyanthropus platyops anamensis Ardipithecus ramidus Orrorin tugenensis africanus Sahelanthropus tchadensis garhi afarensis rudolfensis habilis erectus

3 Trends in Hominin Evolution Hominin evo characterized by changes in: brain size posture/locomotion tool use jaw/face shape, tooth size skeletal robustness body size Millions of years ago Focus on AHENS: Kenyanthropus platyops anamensis africanus boisei garhi robustus rudolfensis habilis ergaster? neanderthalensis sapiens erectus Ardipithecus ramidus afarensis also: heidelbergensis 6.0 Orrorin tugenensis Sahelanthropus tchadensis Early hominins were NOT chimpanzees (nor modern monkeys) Human evolution was NOT a ladder/tree leading directly to sapiens more like a bush Correcting misconceptions

4 Ardi Ardipithecus ramidus 4.4 my old bipedal, tree-dweller 4 tall, small brain afarensis mya Height: 3.5 Brain size: 500cc Lucy, Don Johanson, % complete Laetoli footprints (Mary Leakey) habilis Handy man Richard Leakey, mya Height: 5 Brain size: cc Characteristics: Broca s area, tools erectus Java Man, Eugene Dubois, 1891 upright man mya Height:up to 6 Brain size: cc Characteristics: fire, out of Africa KNM-ER 1470 KNM-ER 3733

5 floresiensis neanderthalensis Johann Fuhlrott, kya Height: 5 8 Brain size: 1450cc Characteristics: adapted to cold, buried their dead, Europe and Middle East Disappear w/in 1000 yrs of contact w/ H. Sapiens Discovered in kya Height: 1M Brain size: cc Characteristics: dwarfed hominid from Indonesia, found with complex tools. Descendent of?. BH-030 sapiens 190 kya-present Height: 6 Brain size: 1350cc Characteristics: wiped out Neaderthals(?), cultural explosion about 40kya BC-093 Skull LB1 with a! modern human skull

6 Humans left Africa H. erectus (H. ergaster) probably first to leave H. sapiens evolved first in Africa erectus disappears, replaced by sapiens How/Why? possible mechanisms: Multi-regional hypothesis Replacement hypothesis other? Evolutionary models Multi-regional model: Replacement model: Assimilationmodel mtdna:

Mammals Grew 1,000 Times Larger After the Demise of the Dinosaurs

Mammals Grew 1,000 Times Larger After the Demise of the Dinosaurs Mammals Grew 1,000 Times Larger After the Demise of the Dinosaurs The largest land mammals that ever lived, Indricotherium and Deinotherium, would have towered over the living African Elephant. Indricotherium

More information

4/20/2008. Overview. Early Human Evolution. Chronology of Hominid Evolution. Overview of Species. Epochs of the Cenozoic Era

4/20/2008. Overview. Early Human Evolution. Chronology of Hominid Evolution. Overview of Species. Epochs of the Cenozoic Era Early Human Evolution Overview and Chronology What makes us human? Ardipithecus and early Australopithecus Robust and gracile australopithecines Oldowan tools Overview First hominins appeared late in the

More information

Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

Human Evolution - Skull Analysis Name: Date: Human Evolution - Skull Analysis Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.) 1. Label one of the skulls below as human and the other as a chimpanzee skull. 2. What features

More information

Student Exploration: Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

Student Exploration: Human Evolution - Skull Analysis Name: Date: Student Exploration: Human Evolution - Skull Analysis Prior Knowledge Questions 1. Label one of the skulls below as human and the other as a chimpanzee skull. 2. What features did you use to

More information

THE EARLIEST HUMANS. Student Handouts, Inc.

THE EARLIEST HUMANS. Student Handouts, Inc. THE EARLIEST HUMANS Student Handouts, Inc. HOMINID EVOLUTION Hominids = great apes Chimpanzees, gorillas, humans, and orangutans Numerous intermediary fossils have been found But scientists disagree on

More information

Primate Evolution. Section 1. Primates

Primate Evolution. Section 1. Primates Section 1 Primates Characteristics of Primates! Manual dexterity! Five digits on each hand and foot! Flat nails and sensitive areas on the ends of their digits! The first digits are opposable. Section

More information

A n t h r o p o l o g y

A n t h r o p o l o g y A n t h r o p o l o g y Appreciating Human Diversity Fifteenth Edition Conrad Phillip Kottak University of Michigan McGraw-Hill 2013 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved. C H A P T E R EARLY HOMININS

More information

As we review the fossil evidence for early hominins, keep in mind the importance of identifying derived traits Ancestral traits are traits that have

As we review the fossil evidence for early hominins, keep in mind the importance of identifying derived traits Ancestral traits are traits that have As we review the fossil evidence for early hominins, keep in mind the importance of identifying derived traits Ancestral traits are traits that have not changed from the earlier ancestral form Derived

More information

Introduction to Biological Anthropology: Notes 20 Apes and early hominins Copyright Bruce Owen 2010 the first known hominoids (apes) appeared in the

Introduction to Biological Anthropology: Notes 20 Apes and early hominins Copyright Bruce Owen 2010 the first known hominoids (apes) appeared in the Introduction to Biological Anthropology: Notes 20 Apes and early hominins Copyright Bruce Owen 2010 the first known hominoids (apes) appeared in the late Oligocene, 27 mya example Oligocene ape: genus

More information

Introduction to Biological Anthropology: Notes 21 Apes and early hominins Copyright Bruce Owen 2011 the first known hominoids (apes) appeared in the

Introduction to Biological Anthropology: Notes 21 Apes and early hominins Copyright Bruce Owen 2011 the first known hominoids (apes) appeared in the Introduction to Biological Anthropology: Notes 21 Apes and early hominins Copyright Bruce Owen 2011 the first known hominoids (apes) appeared in the late Oligocene, 27 mya example Oligocene ape: genus

More information

Walking Upright The cost of human evolution

Walking Upright The cost of human evolution LENScience Senior Biology Seminar Series 2010 Walking Upright The cost of human evolution Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Jacquie Bay 14 th October 2010 Human Evolution ????? Walking Upright

More information

The Deuterostomes and the rise of the Vertebrates: from Echinoderms to Man

The Deuterostomes and the rise of the Vertebrates: from Echinoderms to Man The Deuterostomes and the rise of the Vertebrates: from Echinoderms to Man 1 The Deuterostomes Calcarea and Silicea Cnidaria Lophotrochozoa Ecdysozoa Deuterostomia 2 The Ancestral Deuterostome Bilateral

More information

Short Film Great Transitions: The Origin of Humans IN-DEPTH FILM GUIDE

Short Film Great Transitions: The Origin of Humans IN-DEPTH FILM GUIDE DESCRIPTION IN-DEPTH FILM GUIDE Paleontologists have studied the fossil record of human evolution just as they have done for that of other major transitions including the transition from fish to tetrapods

More information

Cenozoic Climates. Human Evolution and Adaptation

Cenozoic Climates. Human Evolution and Adaptation Cenozoic Climates Human Evolution and Adaptation Life Styles of the Merely Hominid Miocene Climates Miocene Habitats The increase in climate variability would have been evident in many regions as increased

More information

Vertebrates. Chapter 34. Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for

Vertebrates. Chapter 34. Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Chapter 34 Vertebrates PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions from Joan Sharp Copyright

More information

Evidence of a chimpanzee-sized ancestor of humans but a gibbon-sized ancestor of apes

Evidence of a chimpanzee-sized ancestor of humans but a gibbon-sized ancestor of apes DOI: 0.08/s67-07-00997- OPEN Evidence of a chimpanzee-sized ancestor of humans but a gibbon-sized ancestor of apes Mark Grabowski,,, & William L. Jungers 5,6 Body mass directly affects how an animal relates

More information

Origin and Evolution of Human Postcranial Anatomy

Origin and Evolution of Human Postcranial Anatomy CHAPTER 10 Origin and Evolution of Human Postcranial Anatomy Brian G. Richmond and Kevin G. Hatala INTRODUCTION One of the oldest questions in paleoanthropology concerns what stages, or body shapes and

More information

AS IWILLATTEMPT to show in this article, we already know a lot about

AS IWILLATTEMPT to show in this article, we already know a lot about In the beginning was the monkey! WALTER A. NEVES Introduction AS IWILLATTEMPT to show in this article, we already know a lot about the evolution of our line, the hominins a (Figure 1). Moreover, I will

More information

Bipedalism and Tool Making. And the fascinating history of the extended phenotype

Bipedalism and Tool Making. And the fascinating history of the extended phenotype Bipedalism and Tool Making And the fascinating history of the extended phenotype What exactly does it mean for big toes to be abductible (opposable)? I was wondering how scientists were able to distinguish

More information

Primate Evolution. Why It s Important Humans are primates. A knowledge of primates and their evolution can provide an understanding

Primate Evolution. Why It s Important Humans are primates. A knowledge of primates and their evolution can provide an understanding Primate Evolution What You ll Learn You will compare and contrast primates and their adaptations. You will analyze the evidence for the ancestry of humans. Why It s Important Humans are primates. A knowledge

More information

Where Do We Come From? An Introduction to Primate Biology GK-12 Inquiry Science Lesson Kristin De Lucia Fall 2002

Where Do We Come From? An Introduction to Primate Biology GK-12 Inquiry Science Lesson Kristin De Lucia Fall 2002 Where Do We Come From? An Introduction to Primate Biology GK-12 Inquiry Science Lesson Kristin De Lucia Fall 2002 Background: This lesson is designed to correspond with units on human anatomy, especially

More information

extinct southern apes of Africa: a fresh light on their status?

extinct southern apes of Africa: a fresh light on their status? Australopithecines the extinct southern apes of Africa: a fresh light on their status? A.W. (Bill) Mehlert The now-extinct hominid subfamily Australopithecinae has long been a hot and contentious topic

More information

2/17/2017. Lec. 11: Ch. 32 Deuterostomes

2/17/2017. Lec. 11: Ch. 32 Deuterostomes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Lec. 11: Ch. 32 Deuterostomes Deuterostomes Radial cleavage Indeterminant blastomeres Blastopore becomes anus Coelom forms by outpouching of the gut (enterocoelous) Phylum Echinodermata

More information

Human Evolution: One Step at a Time. Objectives

Human Evolution: One Step at a Time. Objectives TEACHER GUIDE Human Evolution: One Step at a Time 60-Minute Life Science Lesson Interactive Video Conferencing Grades: 6-12 Human Evolution: One Step at a Time Description Trace the development of modern

More information

The Pliocene hominin diversity conundrum: Do more fossils mean less clarity?

The Pliocene hominin diversity conundrum: Do more fossils mean less clarity? SPECIAL FEATURE: PERSPECTIVE SPECIAL FEATURE: PERSPECTIVE The Pliocene hominin diversity conundrum: Do more fossils mean less clarity? Yohannes Haile-Selassie a,b,1, Stephanie M. Melillo c, and Denise

More information

AUSTRALOPITHECUS TO HOMO: Transformations in Body and Mind

AUSTRALOPITHECUS TO HOMO: Transformations in Body and Mind Annu. Rev. Anthropol. 2000. 29:125 46 Copyright c 2000 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved AUSTRALOPITHECUS TO HOMO: Transformations in Body and Mind Henry M. McHenry and Katherine Coffing Department

More information

Aquarboreal ancestors?

Aquarboreal ancestors? 212 Opinion Aquarboreal ancestors? Marc Verhaegen, Pierre-François Puech and Stephen Munro According to biomolecular data, the great apes split into Asian pongids (orang-utan) and African hominids (gorillas,

More information

The Toledo Zoo/ThinkingWorks. Teacher Overview for the Primate Lessons

The Toledo Zoo/ThinkingWorks. Teacher Overview for the Primate Lessons The Toledo Zoo/ThinkingWorks Teacher Overview for the Primate Lessons Teacher Overview: Primates Primates have many traits that are unique to this particular order of animals. Below is a list of general

More information

Planet. of the 74 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN AUGUST 2003 COPYRIGHT 2003 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, INC. Proconsul. Dryopithecus. Sivapithecus

Planet. of the 74 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN AUGUST 2003 COPYRIGHT 2003 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, INC. Proconsul. Dryopithecus. Sivapithecus Planet of the Proconsul Dryopithecus Sivapithecus A DIVERSITY OF APES ranged across the Old World during the Miocene epoch, between 22 million and 5.5 million years ago. Proconsul lived in East Africa,

More information

Unit #1: Art of the Paleolithic

Unit #1: Art of the Paleolithic Announcements: Unit #1: Art of the Paleolithic assignment folders handed out Turn in initial assessment Buy your art materials for next Weds. Unit 1 activities and Terms are posted Hunter/Gatherer lecture

More information

Laetoli Footprints Preserve Earliest Direct Evidence of Human-Like Bipedal Biomechanics

Laetoli Footprints Preserve Earliest Direct Evidence of Human-Like Bipedal Biomechanics Laetoli Footprints Preserve Earliest Direct Evidence of Human-Like Bipedal Biomechanics David A. Raichlen 1 *, Adam D. Gordon 2, William E. H. Harcourt-Smith 3,4, Adam D. Foster 1, Wm. Randall Haas, Jr.

More information

THE INFLUENCE OF KARATE TRAINING ON POSTURAL STABILITY

THE INFLUENCE OF KARATE TRAINING ON POSTURAL STABILITY The Pennsylvania State University The Graduate School Kinesiology Department THE INFLUENCE OF KARATE TRAINING ON POSTURAL STABILITY A Thesis in Kinesiology by Dane Sutton 2012 Dane Sutton Submitted in

More information

Three-dimensional morphometrics of the proximal metatarsal articular surfaces of Gorilla, Pan, Hylobates, and shod and unshod humans

Three-dimensional morphometrics of the proximal metatarsal articular surfaces of Gorilla, Pan, Hylobates, and shod and unshod humans University of Iowa Iowa Research Online Theses and Dissertations Summer 2010 Three-dimensional morphometrics of the proximal metatarsal articular surfaces of Gorilla, Pan, Hylobates, and shod and unshod

More information

Early Origin for Human-Like Precision Grasping: A Comparative Study of Pollical Distal Phalanges in Fossil Hominins

Early Origin for Human-Like Precision Grasping: A Comparative Study of Pollical Distal Phalanges in Fossil Hominins Early Origin for Human-Like Precision Grasping: A Comparative Study of Pollical Distal Phalanges in Fossil Hominins Sergio Almécija 1 *, Salvador Moyà-Solà 2, David M. Alba 1 1 Institut Català de Paleontologia,

More information

AAAS is here. Evolution

AAAS is here. Evolution BRIEF EDUCATION AAAS is here. Evolution In America today, 1 in 3 individuals do not accept evolution. 1 That s why AAAS continues to play an important role in the effort to protect the integrity of science

More information

Molar Development and Crown Areas in Early Australopithecus

Molar Development and Crown Areas in Early Australopithecus AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 000:000 000 (2012) Molar Development and Crown Areas in Early Australopithecus Rodrigo S. Lacruz, 1 * Fernando V. Ramirez Rozzi, 2 Bernard A. Wood, 3,4 and Timothy

More information

Journal of Human Evolution (1996) 30, Introduction

Journal of Human Evolution (1996) 30, Introduction Lynne A. Isbell* Department of Anthropology, Rutgers University, Douglass Campus, Box 270, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903, U.S.A. Truman P. Young Louis Calder Center, Fordham University, Box K, Armonk,

More information

Cotlow Award Application 2011

Cotlow Award Application 2011 Cotlow Award Application 2011 Department of Anthropology The George Washington University Washington, DC 20052 1. Personal Information Applicant s name: Heather Dingwall Degree sought: B.S., B.A. Field

More information

Dorsal hollow nerve chord that forms spinal cord and brain. VERTEBRATES [OVERVIEW - OVERHEAD, similar to fig. 19.1, p. 390]:

Dorsal hollow nerve chord that forms spinal cord and brain. VERTEBRATES [OVERVIEW - OVERHEAD, similar to fig. 19.1, p. 390]: Phylum Chordata (44,000 species) Dorsal hollow nerve chord that forms spinal cord and brain Notochord at some stage of life cycle Gill slits at some point in life cycle VERTEBRATES [OVERVIEW - OVERHEAD,

More information

Lucy's Flat Feet: The Relationship between the Ankle and Rearfoot Arching in Early Hominins

Lucy's Flat Feet: The Relationship between the Ankle and Rearfoot Arching in Early Hominins Boston University OpenBU Anthropology http://open.bu.edu CAS: Anthropology: Scholarly Papers 2010-12-28 Lucy's Flat Feet: The Relationship between the Ankle and Rearfoot Arching in Early Hominins DeSilva,

More information

The Hominid Status of Sahelanthropus tchadensis and Orrorin tugenensis

The Hominid Status of Sahelanthropus tchadensis and Orrorin tugenensis Darshana Shapiro Biological Anthropology Senior Honors Thesis May 2009 The Hominid Status of Sahelanthropus tchadensis and Orrorin tugenensis Introduction Since the time when Charles Darwin first proposed

More information

Supplementary Figure 1 Extrinsic hand proportions of humans, apes and other anthropoid primates. Species means are displayed for all extant hominid

Supplementary Figure 1 Extrinsic hand proportions of humans, apes and other anthropoid primates. Species means are displayed for all extant hominid Supplementary Figure 1 Extrinsic hand proportions of humans, apes and other anthropoid primates. Species means are displayed for all extant hominid species, selected hylobatids, and one species representative

More information

Australopiths wading? Homo diving? Marc Verhaegen & Stephen Munro 23 July 1999

Australopiths wading? Homo diving? Marc Verhaegen & Stephen Munro 23 July 1999 Australopiths wading? Homo diving? http://allserv.rug.ac.be/~mvaneech/symposium.html http://www.flash.net/~hydra9/marcaat.html Abstract Marc Verhaegen & Stephen Munro 23 July 1999 Asian pongids (orangutans)

More information

ORIENTATION OF THE FORAMEN MAGNUM IN LATE MIOCENE TO EXTANT AFRICAN APES AND HOMINIDS

ORIENTATION OF THE FORAMEN MAGNUM IN LATE MIOCENE TO EXTANT AFRICAN APES AND HOMINIDS Orientation of the Foramen Magnum in Late Miocene to Extant African Apes and Hominids XLIII/2 3 pp. 103 110 2005 MARTIN PICKFORD ORIENTATION OF THE FORAMEN MAGNUM IN LATE MIOCENE TO EXTANT AFRICAN APES

More information

The Fishes: Vertebrate Success. in Water

The Fishes: Vertebrate Success. in Water The Fishes: The Fishes: Vertebrate Success Vertebrate Success in Water in Water Chapter 18 Chapter 18 Phylum Chordata (45,000 species)- notochord, pharyngeal slits, dorsal tubular nerve cord, postanal

More information

The evolution of human and ape hand proportions

The evolution of human and ape hand proportions ARTICLE Received 6 Feb 2015 Accepted 4 Jun 2015 Published 14 Jul 2015 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8717 OPEN The evolution of human and ape hand proportions Sergio Almécija 1,2,3, Jeroen B. Smaers 4 & William L.

More information

Fishes and Amphibians Objectives

Fishes and Amphibians Objectives Fishes and Amphibians Objectives List the four common body parts of chordates. Describe the two main characteristics of vertebrates. Explain the difference between an ectotherm and an endotherm. Describe

More information

Cichlids of East Africa A Model of Vertebrate Radiation. ww.waveformenergetics.com

Cichlids of East Africa A Model of Vertebrate Radiation. ww.waveformenergetics.com Cichlids of East Africa A Model of Vertebrate Radiation ww.waveformenergetics.com www.wikipedia.com Lake Malawi 2-2020 million years old Fifth largest lake in the world by volume Bordered by Tanzania,

More information

Morphometric Analysis of Hominoid Lower Molars from Yuanmou of Yunnan Province, China

Morphometric Analysis of Hominoid Lower Molars from Yuanmou of Yunnan Province, China PRIMATES, 42(2): 123-134, April 21 123 Morphometric Analysis of Hominoid Lower Molars from Yuanmou of Yunnan Province, China W. LIw The Chinese Academy of Sciences L. J. HLUSKO The Pennsylvania State University

More information

Arthropods are everywhere

Arthropods are everywhere Phylum Arthropoda chitin exoskeleton jointed appendages repeated segments open circulatory system more than 10 million species respiratory system varies with subphlyum Arthropods are everywhere Two out

More information

NEIL THOMAS ROACH. Department of Human Evolutionary Biology Harvard University

NEIL THOMAS ROACH. Department of Human Evolutionary Biology Harvard University NEIL THOMAS ROACH Department of Human Evolutionary Biology Harvard University 11 Divinity Avenue Email: ntroach@fas.harvard.edu Cambridge, MA 02138 Phone: 617-495-1870 EDUCATION 2012 PhD Harvard University,

More information

Phylum Chordata Featuring Vertebrate Animals

Phylum Chordata Featuring Vertebrate Animals Phylum Chordata Featuring Vertebrate Animals Prepared by Diana C. Wheat For Linn-Benton Community College Characteristics All have a notochord: a stiff but flexible rod that extends the length of the body

More information

Smart Animals and the Great Apes

Smart Animals and the Great Apes The follow-on to Gus Armeniades June lectures on Judging Science Four Mondays starting October 6, 3-4pm Paul Gauguin, 1897 Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going? Boston Museum of Fine

More information

KidsPost New Species

KidsPost New Species Volume 11, Issue 7 KidsPost New Species News Article: This sea grass is REALLY old Discussion Questions: Really Old Sea Grass Map: Europe News Article and Discussion Questions: New animal species are found

More information

Vertebrate Animals. DOMAIN- Eukarya KINGDOM- Animalia PHYLUM- Chordata SUBPHYLUM- Vertebrata CLASS- 7 different»orders- 10 Placental mammals

Vertebrate Animals. DOMAIN- Eukarya KINGDOM- Animalia PHYLUM- Chordata SUBPHYLUM- Vertebrata CLASS- 7 different»orders- 10 Placental mammals Vertebrate Animals DOMAIN- Eukarya KINGDOM- Animalia PHYLUM- Chordata SUBPHYLUM- Vertebrata CLASS- 7 different»orders- 10 Placental mammals Characteristics of ALL vertebrates Backbone Endoskeleton Distinct

More information

Fish Dissection. Background

Fish Dissection. Background Fish Dissection The Fish Dissection program at Hatfield Marine Science Center is a 50-minute hands-on program for 4th through 12th grade students. Students will work in small groups as they examine a variety

More information

THE SHORT LEGS OF GREAT APES: EVIDENCE FOR AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN AUSTRALOPITHS

THE SHORT LEGS OF GREAT APES: EVIDENCE FOR AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN AUSTRALOPITHS ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2007.00061.x THE SHORT LEGS OF GREAT APES: EVIDENCE FOR AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN AUSTRALOPITHS David R. Carrier 1 Department of Biology, 201 South Biology Building,

More information

Bio 2 Lab Practicum 4 1

Bio 2 Lab Practicum 4 1 Bio 2 Lab Practicum 4 1 Introduction Mammals Like all chordates, mammals have the presence of four anatomical features both as juveniles and adults although in adults they are highly modified. They exhibit

More information

Gray Whales in the Sanctuary Teaching Notes

Gray Whales in the Sanctuary Teaching Notes Gray Whales in the Sanctuary Teaching Notes Lesson Overview This lesson asks students to examine whale data from the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary and draw conclusions about Gray Whale migration

More information

Travel speed and injury risk (1)

Travel speed and injury risk (1) Travel speed and injury risk (1) The power model and a new exponential function (From: The new Traffic Safety Handbook, Elvik et al 2012) 1 Travel speed and injury risk (2) A decrease by 20% of the mean

More information

Journal of Human Evolution

Journal of Human Evolution Journal of Human Evolution 62 (2012) 520e532 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Journal of Human Evolution journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jhevol Hand pressure distribution during

More information

Teachers Learning Resource. Wriggle! National Museum Cardiff 18 th June 2016 October 2017

Teachers Learning Resource. Wriggle! National Museum Cardiff 18 th June 2016 October 2017 Teachers Learning Resource Wriggle! National Museum Cardiff 18 th June 2016 October 2017 This resource will help you prepare for a self-led visit to the Wriggle exhibition. It includes information about

More information

Miocene Hominids and the Origins of the African Apes and Humans

Miocene Hominids and the Origins of the African Apes and Humans 39H05-Begun 5 June 2010 5:15 eview in dvance first posted online on June 14, 2010. (hanges may still occur before final publication online and in print.) Miocene Hominids and the Origins of the frican

More information

Teacher Preparation Notes for "Evolution by Natural Selection" 1

Teacher Preparation Notes for Evolution by Natural Selection 1 Teacher Preparation Notes for "Evolution by Natural Selection" 1 In this minds-on, hands-on activity, students develop their understanding of natural selection by analyzing specific examples and carrying

More information

Apes and Tricksters: The Evolution and Diversification of Humans Closest Relatives

Apes and Tricksters: The Evolution and Diversification of Humans Closest Relatives Evo Edu Outreach (2010) 3:322 332 DOI 10.1007/s12052-010-0251-z ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE Apes and Tricksters: The Evolution and Diversification of Humans Closest Relatives Kieran P. McNulty Published

More information

New Mexico Supercomputing Challenge

New Mexico Supercomputing Challenge Oryx Populations at White Sands Missile Range New Mexico Supercomputing Challenge Final Report April 2, 2008 Team 68 Melrose High School Team Members: Kyle Jacobs Richard Rush Randall Rush Teachers: Alan

More information

What you need for population management: A recently updated/current studbook database Knowledge of institutions wants and needs

What you need for population management: A recently updated/current studbook database Knowledge of institutions wants and needs Population Management Guidelines Introduction: Good population management considers multiple factors, including husbandry, demography, and genetics. When developing a population management plan and selecting

More information

Grolier Online Kids Feature Showcase Animals of Africa Teacher s Guide

Grolier Online Kids Feature Showcase Animals of Africa Teacher s Guide Grolier Online Kids Feature Showcase Animals of Africa Teacher s Guide Opening The continent of Africa is teeming with the kinds of animals that most people can only see in captivity. Lions, leopards,

More information

Lab Activity: Evolution by Natural Selection

Lab Activity: Evolution by Natural Selection Lab Activity: Evolution by Natural Selection Biology 100 K. Marr Name Lab Section Team No. Date Prelab Assignment 1. Before coming to lab, read all parts of this handout. 2. Answer the Prelab Questions

More information

THIS SECTION WAS ORIGINALLY PART OF CHAPTER 3 ( THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF LIVING IN THE WATER ). AS A WAY OF

THIS SECTION WAS ORIGINALLY PART OF CHAPTER 3 ( THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF LIVING IN THE WATER ). AS A WAY OF THIS SECTION WAS ORIGINALLY PART OF CHAPTER 3 ( THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF LIVING IN THE WATER ). AS A WAY OF ILLUSTRATING THE LOGIC BEHIND THE ADAPTATIONS ANCIENT CETACEANS HAD TO MAKE TO LIVE SUCCESSFULLY

More information

The Fossil Fish of Burrinjuck

The Fossil Fish of Burrinjuck ABOVE: How the Taemas-Wee Jasper Reefs may have looked four hundred million years ago. Buchanosteus (the large fish in the top left corner) was a predatory placoderm, while the bottom-living Murrindalaspis

More information

The Savannah Goat in South Africa: Preserving a Proud Heritage Brian Payne, Dr. Frank Pinkerton Grapeland, Texas, January 19, 2003

The Savannah Goat in South Africa: Preserving a Proud Heritage Brian Payne, Dr. Frank Pinkerton Grapeland, Texas, January 19, 2003 The Savannah Goat in South Africa: Preserving a Proud Heritage Brian Payne, Dr. Frank Pinkerton Grapeland, Texas, January 19, 2003 The Savannah goat in South Africa was first recognized as a distinct breed

More information

Taxonomy of Fishes. Chapter 18. I. SuperClass Agnatha. A. Class Myxini. Kingdom Animalia. The Fishes

Taxonomy of Fishes. Chapter 18. I. SuperClass Agnatha. A. Class Myxini. Kingdom Animalia. The Fishes Taxonomy of Fishes Chapter 18 The Fishes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata SuperClass Agnatha - jawless fish Class Chondrichthyes - cartilagenous fish Class Osteichthyes - bony fish I. SuperClass Agnatha

More information

Review Insights into the evolution of human bipedalism from experimental studies of humans and other primates

Review Insights into the evolution of human bipedalism from experimental studies of humans and other primates The Journal of Experimental Biology 206, 1437-1448 2003 The Company of Biologists Ltd doi:10.1242/jeb.00279 1437 Review Insights into the evolution of human bipedalism from experimental studies of humans

More information

The human gluteus maximus and its role in running

The human gluteus maximus and its role in running 2143 The Journal of Experimental Biology 29, 2143-2155 Published by The Company of Biologists 26 doi:1.1242/jeb.2255 The human gluteus maximus and its role in running Daniel E. Lieberman 1, *, David A.

More information

Bio 20 Marine Biology Exam 3 Outline

Bio 20 Marine Biology Exam 3 Outline Bio 20 Marine Biology Exam 3 Outline Marine Fishes (Chapter 8) I. Classification of Fishes Vertebrates have the 4 basic characteristics of chordates: Plus vertebrate characteristics: II. Fish Facts - Fishes

More information

Geometric Probability of Mating. Success in Horses, Equus ferus caballus

Geometric Probability of Mating. Success in Horses, Equus ferus caballus Geometric Probability of Mating Success in Horses, Equus ferus caballus By Katrina King, Leon Hardy, and Deby Cassill College of Arts and Sciences Mentored by Dr. Leon Hardy and Dr. Deby Cassill ABSTRACT

More information

Contribution to the knowledge of the fossil mammals from the ancient Tertiary terrains of Paraná. F. Ameghino * Tapiroidea

Contribution to the knowledge of the fossil mammals from the ancient Tertiary terrains of Paraná. F. Ameghino * Tapiroidea Contribution to the knowledge of the fossil mammals from the ancient Tertiary terrains of Paraná F. Ameghino * Tapiroidea General characteristics: Upper molars with 2 transverse crests on the crown, each

More information

Identify the text structure of the following passages. Underline signal words and clues that helped you determine each structure.

Identify the text structure of the following passages. Underline signal words and clues that helped you determine each structure. Text Structure Practice Identify the text structure of the following passages. Underline signal words and clues that helped you determine each structure. 1. Wild chimpanzees are rapidly disappearing. Some

More information

Fossil Shark Teeth Of The World By Joe Cocke

Fossil Shark Teeth Of The World By Joe Cocke Fossil Shark Teeth Of The World By Joe Cocke Fossil Shark Teeth for Sale Lowcountry Geologic - Now extend that analogy across all sharks that have ever lived and you'll see why fossil shark teeth are the

More information

deuterostomes eucoelomates pseudocoelomates acoelomate

deuterostomes eucoelomates pseudocoelomates acoelomate deuterostomes Mollusca Arthropoda Echinodermata Hemichordata Chordata eucoelomates Annelida Rotifera Platyhelminthes Nematoda acoelomate pseudocoelomates Phylum Hemichordata Share characteristics with

More information

Biological barriers that limit gene flow! (aka Reproductive Isolating Mechanisms)!

Biological barriers that limit gene flow! (aka Reproductive Isolating Mechanisms)! Speciation: Part 2 1. Review of the biological barriers that limit gene flow between populations and species. 2. Back to Darwin's problem: Q: How do these biological barriers (reproductive isolating mechanisms)

More information

Human hand-walkers : five siblings who never stood up. Nicholas Humphrey; John R. Skoyles and Roger Keynes

Human hand-walkers : five siblings who never stood up. Nicholas Humphrey; John R. Skoyles and Roger Keynes LSE Research Online Discussion paper Human hand-walkers : five siblings who never stood up Nicholas Humphrey; John R. Skoyles and Roger Keynes LSE has developed LSE Research Online so that users may access

More information

The Kalenjins: A look at why they are so good at long-distance running. Noah Beardsley ANT 475. Human Adaptability. February 23, 2005.

The Kalenjins: A look at why they are so good at long-distance running. Noah Beardsley ANT 475. Human Adaptability. February 23, 2005. The Kalenjins: A look at why they are so good at long-distance running. Noah Beardsley ANT 475 Human Adaptability February 23, 2005 Text: 14 pages Resources: 2 pages Tables and Figures: 1 page Introduction

More information

Geometric Morphometrics of Gorilla and Pan Scapulae Tessa Pearman Mentor: Rebecca Jabbour and Weiwei Pan

Geometric Morphometrics of Gorilla and Pan Scapulae Tessa Pearman Mentor: Rebecca Jabbour and Weiwei Pan Geometric Morphometrics of Gorilla and Pan Scapulae Tessa Pearman Mentor: Rebecca Jabbour and Weiwei Pan Abstract: Understanding the morphology of the scapula of Gorilla and Pan is crucial to scientists

More information

VERTICAL CLIMBING ADAPTATIONS IN THE ANTHROPOID ANKLE AND MIDFOOT: IMPLICATIONS FOR LOCOMOTION IN MIOCENE CATARRHINES AND PLIO-PLEISTOCENE HOMININS.

VERTICAL CLIMBING ADAPTATIONS IN THE ANTHROPOID ANKLE AND MIDFOOT: IMPLICATIONS FOR LOCOMOTION IN MIOCENE CATARRHINES AND PLIO-PLEISTOCENE HOMININS. VERTICAL CLIMBING ADAPTATIONS IN THE ANTHROPOID ANKLE AND MIDFOOT: IMPLICATIONS FOR LOCOMOTION IN MIOCENE CATARRHINES AND PLIO-PLEISTOCENE HOMININS. by Jeremy M. DeSilva A dissertation submitted in partial

More information

How does war affect gorillas?

How does war affect gorillas? february 2017 How does war affect gorillas? Authors: Andrew Plumptre, Stuart Nixon, Deo Kujirakwinja, Ghislain Vieilledent, Rob Critchlow, Elizabeth Williamson, Radar Nishuli, Andrew Kirkby and Jefferson

More information

Island Fox A POPULATION IN TROUBLE T E A C H E R. Activity Overview

Island Fox A POPULATION IN TROUBLE T E A C H E R. Activity Overview Activity at a Glance Grade: 6 9 Subject: Science : Category: Life Science, Earth Science Topic: Ecology, Animals, Living Things Time Required Two 45-minute periods Level of Complexity Medium Activity Overview

More information

World supply and demand of tilapia

World supply and demand of tilapia World supply and demand of tilapia by Helga Josupeit FAO Rome, October 2010 World tilapia production World tilapia production has been booming during the last decade, with output doubling from 830000 tonnes

More information

The Relationship of Freshwater Aquaculture Production to Renewable Freshwater Resources

The Relationship of Freshwater Aquaculture Production to Renewable Freshwater Resources The Relationship of Freshwater Aquaculture Production to Renewable Freshwater Resources Claude E. Boyd Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures Auburn University, Alabama USA Current and projected

More information

The United Nations estimates that by 2050, 66% of human beings will

The United Nations estimates that by 2050, 66% of human beings will 5 1 The United Nations estimates that by 2050, 66% of human beings will live in cities. Such a high percentage may suggest that it is usual for humans to live in this way. However, (1) the growth of cities

More information

Impact of Climate Change on Bees in the Eastern Forest: Diversity and Adaptations of Organisms

Impact of Climate Change on Bees in the Eastern Forest: Diversity and Adaptations of Organisms Impact of Climate Change on Bees in the Eastern Forest: Diversity and Adaptations of Organisms Region: Eastern Forests and Woodlands Grade Level(s): 7-9 Time Required: 2 50 minute class periods Focus Question(s):

More information

Low rain fall: a protective or a risk factor for infection with gastrointestinal parasites of Dama dama in Southwest of Iran

Low rain fall: a protective or a risk factor for infection with gastrointestinal parasites of Dama dama in Southwest of Iran Low rain fall: a protective or a risk factor for infection with gastrointestinal parasites of Dama dama in Southwest of Iran S.M. Razavi, H. Shayegh, A. Mootabi Alavi and E. Rakhshandehroo Department of

More information

The Western Heritage Since th Edition, AP Edition 2014

The Western Heritage Since th Edition, AP Edition 2014 A Correlation of The Western Heritage Since 1300 11th Edition, AP Edition 2014 Advanced Placement Course Topic Outline AP is a trademark registered and/or owned by the College Board, which was not involved

More information

HIGHLIGHTS OF UGANDA AND RWANDA 11 NIGHTS/12 DAYS

HIGHLIGHTS OF UGANDA AND RWANDA 11 NIGHTS/12 DAYS HIGHLIGHTS OF UGANDA AND RWANDA 11 NIGHTS/12 DAYS Safari Highlights include: GORILLA TRACKING in Bwindi, Uganda, and Parc National des Volcans, Rwanda (five opportunities). STAND on the Equator. GAME DRIVES

More information

SCIENCE CYCLE 2 Name. The World of AMPHIBIANS

SCIENCE CYCLE 2 Name. The World of AMPHIBIANS SCIENCE CYCLE 2 Name Teacher: Mr. D. Strina THE WORLD OF AMPHIBIANS ACTIVITY BOOK The World of AMPHIBIANS WHAT AMPHIBIANS HAVE IN COMMON 1 2 3 4 5 6 11 22 WHAT IS AN AMPHIBIAN? 33 1 2 3 44 55 BRAINPOP

More information

Is the lion really the king of the jungle?

Is the lion really the king of the jungle? 1 In literature, art, and folklore, lions have long been the symbol of kings and royalty. Their very appearance suggests strength and power. They are the largest of all felines and are one of the top predators

More information