Ch. 2 Summative Assessment

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1 Name Block # Ch. 2 Summative Assessment Matching: Match each of the abilities or characteristics below with the hominid group it is associated with from the word bank. Write the letter in the blank provided. Each hominid group may be used more than once. A. Lucy and her relatives B. Handy Man C. Upright Man D. Neanderthal Man E. Doubly Wise Man 1. The first hominids to live in groups 2. The first hominids to migrate out of Africa 3. They create the first cave paintings 4. Invented the spear thrower and bow and arrow 5. The first hominids to hunt in organized groups and care for the injured 6. The first hominids to use fire 7. They made simple tools for digging and chopping from bone and rocks 8. Their scientific name means southern ape

2 Fill in the blank: Read each statement. Then fill in the blank with a term or Biped Europe North America Wise Man Human Handy Man Community South America information from the word bank. You will not use all the words. 9. Lucy, from the earliest hominid group Australopithecus Afarensis, was a, which meant she had the ability to walk on two feet. 10. The hominid group Homo Habilis had the nickname because of their ability to make tools. 11. One of your key content terms shows that Neanderthal Man had a sense of meaning that they helped members of their group who were hurt or sick. 12., and were the last two continents hominids migrated to between 30,000 and 9,000 B.C. Multiple Choice: Read each statement carefully. Write the letter of your choice in the blank to the left. 13. On which continent do social scientists believe hominids first appeared? A. Asia B. Africa C. North America D. Europe

3 14. If your profession is to study the development and culture of early hominids, then you are most likely A. a historian B. a geographer B. an archaeologist D. an anthropologist 15. What could Lucy do that gorillas could not do as easily? A. use her hands to defend herself B. build fires to cook meat C. form a group to hunt animals D. make tools such as a sharp knife 16. The bones from a number of hominids were found in one location. Scientists concluded that this type of hominid probably A. made tools. B. died in wars. C. had language. D. lived in groups 17. What trait made Homo Erectus well suited for traveling? A. short, stocky build B. ridge above the eyes C. long, strong leg bones D. round, smooth foreheads 18. At Neanderthal sites, evidence from burial mounds, showing signs that people cared for the sick and injured, has led scientists to believe that Neanderthals had A. creative minds B. a complex religion C. a desire to make art D. a sense of community

4 Applying Social Studies Skills: Use this passage and your knowledge of history to complete the questions. Answer each question with a complete sentence. You may underline, circle or highlight areas of the reading to help yourself answer the questions that follow. Each question is worth 2 points Mary Leakey looked for hominid bones with her husband Louis Leakey. In 1994, she told an interviewer for Scientific American, For me it was the sheer instinctive joy of collecting, or indeed one could say treasure hunting: it seemed this whole area abounded in objects of beauty and great intrinsic interest that could be taken from the ground. She found a hominid skull from about 1.8 million years ago. She said, For some reason, that skull caught the imagination. But what it also did it caught the imagination of the National Geographic Society, and as a result they funded us for years. One of her most important discoveries was the footprints of three hominids. They were from about 3.6 million years ago. They proved that very early hominids walked on two feet. She told an interviewer, It was not as exciting as some of the other discoveries, because we did not know what we had. Of course, when we realized what they (footprints) were, then it was really exciting. She talked about how hard it is to know the meanings of things she found. There is so much we do not know, and the more we do know, the more we realize that early interpretations were completely wrong. 19. Who funded (paid for) much of the Leakey s work? 20. What did Mary Leakey realize about the footprints that made them really exciting? 21. What have new findings shown about the early interpretations of hominid remains?

5 Hominid Migration On which continent do social scientists believe that early hominids originated? 23. Draw an X where the earliest hominid remains were found. 24. Draw at least 3 arrows to indicate which directions early hominids migrated. (Think back to your World History Atlas Activity)

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