1 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL 2013 ATTENDANCE ANALYSIS Compiled and Written by David P. Kronheim 2014
2 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL 2013 ATTENDANCE ANALYSIS TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGES Attendance Reporting Guidelines, Definition of a Sellout, Information Sources Major League Attendance Overview, Summary, Team Highlights Team-by-Team 2013 vs Total Attendance Comparison Table vs Average Attendance per Date Comparison. Number of 2013 Sellouts by Team Highlights and League Attendance Comparison Average Attendance per Team, 2013 Road Attendance Leaders, 2013 Attendance by Month 12 3 Million Seasons, 2013 Minor League Attendance, Biggest Crowds of Season Total Attendance Milestones Reached by Each Team.. 14 Biggest Year-to-Year Attendance Changes Baseball s Greatest Year of Growth 15 Spring Training Attendance Opening Day, World Baseball Classic, All-Star Game, and Post-Season Attendance.. 17 Teams with a Big Win Total Increase, but a Decline in Attendance. Rainy Season Report Big Increases and Big Declines in Attendance in The Economy and Major League Attendance. Era of Multi-Purpose Stadiums is Ending. 20 Average Attendance per Home Date 21 Interleague Games Attendance 22 Consecutive Game Sellout Streaks in Baseball and Other Sports Attendance in the Final Season of a Ballpark. Fastest to 50 Million in a New Park.. 25 Total Attendance in the History of Each Current Major League Ballpark Cumulative Attendance by Team, with High and Low Season Totals Since Attendance Growth vs vs. 2000, 2002, Rainouts and Snowouts Attendance Trends in other Sports , 20, 30, 40 Year Attendance Growth for North American Sports Leagues League and Team Season Attendance Records in Baseball and Other Sports Single Game Attendance Records in Baseball and Other Sports 36 Comparison of Each Team s Annual Attendance with the Annual MLB Average Attendance per Team AMERICAN LEAGUE TEAM 2013 ATTENDANCE SUMMARIES AND HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS New York Yankees Boston Red Sox Tampa Bay Rays Minnesota Twins Cleveland Indians.. 53 Kansas City Royals. 54 Chicago White Sox. 55 Detroit Tigers Houston Astros Baltimore Orioles Texas Rangers. 62 Los Angeles Angels. 63 Oakland Athletics. 64 Toronto Blue Jays 65 Seattle Mariners.. 66
3 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL 2013 ATTENDANCE ANALYSIS TABLE OF CONTENTS - continued PAGES NATIONAL LEAGUE TEAM 2013 ATTENDANCE SUMMARIES AND HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS Los Angeles Dodgers Includes Yankees and Dodgers Attendance Summary Philadelphia Phillies Atlanta Braves Arizona Diamondbacks Pittsburgh Pirates San Diego Padres. About those Yogisms New York Mets Chicago Cubs St. Louis Cardinals Colorado Rockies Cincinnati Reds Includes Listing of First Home Night Games among the Original 16 Teams Miami Marlins Milwaukee Brewers San Francisco Giants Washington Nationals MLB Team Season Records for Total Attendance and Average Attendance per Date 102 Individual Teams Single Home Date Attendance Records in Current and Former Parks 103 Big Attendance Declines and Increases by Teams the Year After Playing in the World Series Attendance the Year After a World Series Appearance by Teams in Two-Team Markets 106 Attendance in New Ballparks, Baseball s Worst Attendance Years. 107 Teams with Worst Attendance-Winning Record, and Teams with Best Attendance-Losing Record. 108 Largest Team Season Attendance Increases and Declines in Major League History Gains and Declines in Attendance for Teams in Their Second Year in a Ballpark Best and Worst Season Attendance at Current Major League Parks. 116 Biggest Gains and Losses by First-Place Teams. Attendance Changes for Teams that Relocated Attendance for 100 Game Winners and Losers, and for Teams with Big Won/Loss Record Changes All-Star Game and Post-Season Attendance Records Attendance in Multi-Team Markets Past and Present Attendance vs The Last Full Season Prior to the Work Stoppage Total and Average Attendance per Date Yearly Figures by League Major League Total Attendance Milestones. 137 Teams with the Highest and Lowest Attendance by League - Each Year Since Each Decade s Attendance Totals ( ) - by League Individual Team First to Reach Milestones, Number of Teams Reaching Various Attendance Levels Average Attendance per Date Firsts, Lasts, and Season Streaks Number of Seasons that Each Team had the Best or Worst Attendance in its League The Teams that Drew Best and Worst in Each Decade Since Highest Team Season Totals in Each League, Yearly Team Highs and Lows for Each Decade A Look Back at 1961 and 1962, Major League Baseball s First Expansion Seasons First Licks and Last Licks Attendance at the First and Last Games at Various Ballparks Pre-1900 Attendance Records. List of Teams that Set A.L. and N.L. Record-High Season Attendance 153
4 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL 2013 ATTENDANCE ANALYSIS This report is a comprehensive analysis of Major League Baseball Attendance for 2013, and throughout Major League history. Highlights of this report include: An overview and analysis of Major League attendance for 2013 and recent seasons. League and team-by-team analysis, highlights, and historical data. How attendance has been affected by: pennant winning seasons; team relocations; new ballparks; World Series winners in two-team markets. The economy and baseball attendance. It includes recent attendance trends in other sports. Multi-team market trends (New York, Chicago, San Francisco/Oakland, and Los Angeles). How 2013 attendance compares with attendance just prior to the 1994 shutdown. Major League attendance history and analysis since Includes a yearly listing of total attendance and average attendance per date for both leagues. Biggest team attendance increases and declines in Major League history. First Licks and Last Licks Attendance at the first and last games at Major League ballparks. Best and worst season attendance at current ballparks. Analysis of attendance changes in a ballpark s second season. How teams that won or lost 100 games in a season fared in attendance. A section on Division Series, Championship Series, World Series, and All-Star Game attendance. A comparison of each team s yearly attendance with the annual MLB average attendance per team. Attendance growth in a ballpark s final year. A yearly listing of the team with the highest and lowest attendance in each league The number of times each team had the highest or lowest attendance in its league. A look back at 1961 and 1962, Major League Baseball s first expansion seasons. 10, 20, 30, 40 year (2013 vs. 2003, 1993, 1983, 1973) attendance growth rate for other sports. A listing of record-high total and average per date/game attendance records for baseball and other professional sports leagues. Includes team and league records. NOTE TO LEAGUES, TEAMS, MEDIA, AND WEBSITES You can download this report, and the 2013 Minor League Baseball Attendance Analysis, in PDF form, at numbertamer.com. Go to the Website s Baseball Reports page for the PDF links to each report. Permission is granted for you to copy, distribute, publish, and use any of the material, including tables, that appear in these attendance analyses. Credit to numbertamer.com would be appreciated. Please contact David Kronheim if you have any questions about these reports. Comments, corrections, and suggestions are always welcome. Note that these reports are copyrighted.
5 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE Page 2 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE REPORTING GUIDELINES All attendance figures used in this analysis were obtained from the Major League Baseball Information System, and are for tickets sold. Tickets purchased, but never used, are included in attendance totals. All professional sports leagues in North America now use this method to compile official attendance. So quite often, actual attendance in the ballpark is significantly lower than the official announced attendance. Until 1993, the National League only counted tickets sold and actually used, as their official paid attendance. The National League didn t count no-shows in their attendance figures through American League figures did include the no-shows for many years before then. Attendance from years prior to 1998 was obtained from Total Baseball -The Ultimate Baseball Encyclopedia 8 th Edition, published in Major League Baseball issues a report on attendance right after the regular season. Those figures are later audited, and changes are sometimes made. This can result in discrepancies in attendance figures listed by different sources, such as team media guides, the Major League Averages Book, the American League Red Book, the National League Green Book, and The Sporting News Complete Baseball Record Book. Changes made to the 2013 figures were published in the 2014 American League Red Book and National League Green Book, and those updated numbers are used in this report. Special thanks to Pete Palmer, editor of the ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia, for providing a correction to those published figures. Unlike some other leagues, Major League Baseball announced regular season attendance figures often, but not always, do not include tickets that teams give away free. Announced attendance for post-season games is for all tickets distributed. That is why the listed attendance for sold out post-season games is almost always higher than listed attendance for sold out regular season games. Some ballparks have fewer seats available for post-season play because sections in the stands are used as additional media seating. WHAT S A SELLOUT? Each team has its own policy on declaring a home game as a sellout. It is unofficially defined as all seats available for public purchase to a particular game being sold out. Free tickets provided to players, league and team officials, and other guests, may, or may not be, included in the announced attendance for each game. So a game listed as a sellout may have an announced attendance figure that is less than the ballpark s seating capacity, and there may be plenty of empty seats at the game. Standing-room tickets sold are included in the official game attendance. But the standing-room tickets don t have to be sold out for a game to be listed as a sellout. As long as all available seats to a game are sold, it s a sellout. This is a fair policy since not all teams sell standing-room tickets. In 2012, Boston and San Francisco sold out every home game. San Francisco s sellout streak continued through the entire 2013 season, reaching 246 straight regular season (plus 15 post-season) games. The Giants sold standing-room tickets. Attendance at AT&T Park in 2013 ranged from a low of 41,048 to a high of 42,747. Boston s streak ended at 794 straight regular season sellouts (820 straight including post-season) after Opening Day During Boston s streak, they listed a number of games as sellouts even though some obstructed view seats for those games were unsold. However, the total number of seats sold or donated to charity, plus standingroom tickets sold for those games, exceeded Fenway Park s seating capacity. The Philadelphia Phillies ended their National League record sellout streak in 2012 at 257 regular season games (273 including post-season). San Francisco set a new National League sellout streak record in April, EXCEPT WHERE SPECIFICALLY NOTED OTHERWISE, ALL TEAM, LEAGUE, AND OVERALL MAJOR LEAGUE ATTENDANCE FIGURES IN THIS REPORT ARE FOR HOME, REGULAR SEASON GAMES ONLY. This report was compiled, analyzed, and written by David P. Kronheim, Director of Marketing Research for Number Tamer, which is a marketing research service with clients in the sports industry.
6 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE Page 3 INFORMATION AND DATA SOURCES USED TO COMPILE THIS REPORT All tables and analyses in this report and in the 2013 Minor League Baseball Attendance Analysis were created by David Kronheim. But much of the raw data, and other information, come from the following Websites and publications, all of which are excellent sources of information: Total Baseball The Ultimate Baseball Encyclopedia 8 th Edition, published in Contains Major League attendance figures and player records going back to the 19 th Century. The ESPN Official Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball Edited by Pete Palmer and Gary Gillette This book has the most comprehensive review of yearly Major League statistical data as far back as the 1870 s. But the book s most unique feature is its player register, which lists the yearly and career statistics for every single player who has ever appeared in a Major League game. MLB.com The Official Website of Major League Baseball - This is the official source of current Major League statistics, which are updated daily during the season. The site has a great deal of statistical information about Major League history, and every team s daily Game Notes. MLB.com also runs each team s Website, which has team information, videos, and many other features. Minorleaguebaseball.com The Official Website of Minor League Baseball - This site covers Minor Leagues and teams that are affiliated with Major League Baseball. It has up-to-date statistics for every league and team, and a host of other features and videos. Also of great help, are the annual Minor League Baseball Information Guide, and individual league and team media guides. Oursportscentral.com -- A site that covers news and provides links to minor leagues in baseball and other sports. Retrosheet.org This site has box scores and play-by-play reports from tens of thousands of Major League games, going back decades. The information used here was obtained free of charge and is copyrighted by retrosheet.org. Websites of Independent Minor Leagues - Every independent minor league has its own site, which contains news features, statistics, and links to each independent team Website. Baseball Hall of Fame Reference Library Located at the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY. Major League Team Media Guides - All Major League teams publish an annual Media Guide, which is the team s official record book. These guides also contain biographical and statistical data about each player on the team s Major League roster, and in its Minor League system, along with a good deal of information about the team s history. Baseballparks.com, and Ballparkdigest.com - These sites have features and photos about Major League and Minor League ballparks, past, present, and future. BallparkBiz.com A great Website with daily stories about the business side of all levels of baseball. The Baseball America Directory This is an annual compilation of Minor League team and ballpark information. The Sporting News Official Baseball Guides From the 1940 s to the early 2000 s, this book had been a complete review of the previous season. It is no longer published. Mud Hens and Mavericks by Judith Blahnik and Phillip S. Schulz, published in 1995 by Viking Penguin -- This book had ballpark and attendance information about many Minor League teams. Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball (Third Edition ) Edited by Lloyd Johnson and Miles Wolff, and published by Baseball America. It contains standings and statistics on every Minor League since the 19 th Century. Thebaseballcube.com A historical Website containing team and individual player statistics for every Major League team. Also has an extensive Minor League statistical database going back to the late 1970 s. Other Sources: - Information in this report was also obtained from the NFL, NBA, WNBA, NHL, MLS, NCAA, Minor League Hockey Websites, kenn.com, remembertheaba.com, basketballreference.com.
7 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE Page ATTENDANCE OVERVIEW -- SUMMARY Major League Baseball 2013 attendance was 74,028,230. This is down 831,038 (1.1%) from 2012, but is still the 6 th best total ever. Attendance rose 2.0% in 2012 and 0.5% in 2011, fell 0.4% in 2010, and there had been a 6.6% decline in American League teams, and 2013 National League teams, each had a combined decline of 1.1%. Average attendance per date was 30,515 in 2013, down 380 from the 2012 average of 30,895. American League teams averaged 28,494 per date (down 377 from 2012), while the National League teams averaged 32,539 (down 382). These averages include interleague games. They also list Houston with the American League for both 2013 and In 2012, when Houston was still in the National League, the 16 teams in the National League that year averaged 32,102 per date, while the 14 American League teams drew an average of 29,517 per date. The Los Angeles Dodgers led the Majors in attendance by a wide margin, drawing 3,743,527, an average of 46,216 per date. They had 29 sellouts, their most since 1983, and topped 50,000 at 34 games. The New York Yankees led the American League for the 11 th year in a row, with a total of 3,279,589, an average of 40,489 per date. Yankees attendance has topped 3 million for 15 straight years. Top road attendance honors went to the Dodgers, who drew 2,863,247 (35,349 per date) away from home. The Yankees led the A.L. in road attendance, attracting 2,690,614 (33,633 per date). Tampa Bay had the lowest attendance in the Majors. They became the first team in MLB history to reach the post-season in a year that they had the lowest attendance either in their own league, or in the Major Leagues overall. The Rays are also just the 6 th team to have the lowest attendance among all Major League teams, and the 16 th team to post the lowest attendance their own league, in a year when they had a winning record. In 2012, the Rays also had the lowest MLB attendance and a winning record. Among these 16 teams, only the 2012 and 2013 Rays had at least 90 wins. The 2013 Rays, who won 92 and lost 71 (including the Tiebreaker game), had the best record ever for a team with the worst attendance in their league. There have been 16 teams since 1900 that had the best attendance in their league, yet had a losing record. 8 of these teams had the best attendance that year in the Majors. The 1993 Colorado Rockies, playing their first season, set the all-time Major League attendance record of 4,483,350, with a record of The 1902 New York Giants led the National League in attendance, but won just 44 games while losing 88. The 1999 Rockies are the most recent team to lead all of the Majors in attendance in a losing season, and the 2005 Dodgers are the most recent team to lead its league, while posting a losing record. 7 American League teams, and 8 National League teams, had gains in total attendance in teams had increases of at least 200,000. On a percentage basis, 4 teams were up over 10%. 8 teams were down at least 200,000, and 5 teams had percentage losses of at least 10%. All 8 National League teams with gains in total attendance also were up in average per date. 6 American League teams had gains in average per date. Kansas City had a small increase in total attendance, but was down in average per date because they played one more date in 2013 than in The 300 interleague dates drew 9,313,939, an average of 31,046 per date. Non-interleague games averaged 30,439 per date, so the interleague games averaged just 2.0% more than the non-interleague average. In 2012, interleague games averaged 34,693 per date, which was 13.9% above the average of 30,454 per date for non-interleague games. In most seasons prior to 2013, interleague games averaged about 10-12% higher attendance than noninterleague games. But until 2013, nearly all interleague games were played from late May to early July when attendance is usually higher than at the start and end of the season. With each league having 15 teams due to the move of the Astros to the American League in 2013, there was at least one interleague game played nearly every day of the season.
8 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE Page ATTENDANCE OVERVIEW -- SUMMARY There were 3 more dates played in 2013 than in This includes the 2013 Tiebreaker game at Texas which determined the second American League Wild Card team. That game is officially an extra regular season game, so all statistics, including attendance, are included in the regular season stats. Bad weather helped lead to an early-season downward trend in attendance, but it then bounced back attendance averaged 29,991 per date for combined April, May, and June dates. This was down 4.0% from the 2012 combined average per date of 31,236 for those months. But for July, August, and September combined, the 2013 average per date was 31,039, up 1.5% from the 2012 combined average of 30,582 for those months. In 2013, July had the highest average per date (32,399), while April had the lowest (28,822). In 2012, the highest average per date was in June (33,377), while September (29,021) had the lowest average. The higher average per date in June, 2012 was helped by the large number of interleague games played that month. (2013 data is from the MLB Information System, and 2012 figures come from the 2013 team media guides.) 8 teams drew more than 3 million (The record is 10 teams). 15 teams surpassed 2.5 million, and 22 teams topped 2 million. Miami was the only National League team to draw under 2 million and 2012 are the only seasons that every Major League team surpassed 1.5 million in attendance. Boston won 28 more games in 2013 than in 2012, and Cleveland increased its win total by 24. But attendance fell for both teams. They became just the 4 th and 5 th teams since 1901 that saw attendance fall in a season where the team won at least 24 more games than the year before. Since 1901, 54 teams have increased their win total by at least 24 from one season to the next. After achieving the largest increase in attendance in the Majors in 2012 (698, %), the Miami Marlins had the largest decline in Total attendance fell 633,122, with average per date down 7,817. This ranks as the 16 th worst single season total attendance decline by a team in Major League history, and also as the 4 th largest drop by a team in its second year in a new ballpark. Toronto had the largest increase in both total attendance and average per date. The Blue Jays were up 436,899 (20.8%), and 5,394 per date. The Dodgers had a 419,281 (5,176 per date) gain. The largest crowd of the season was 53,393 at Dodger Stadium on September 12 for Magic Johnson Bobblehead Night. The Yankees drew 49,514 on Opening Day, which was the highest attendance at an American League park. 3 of the 10 teams to make the 2013 post-season had declines in attendance. The Red Sox were down 209,670, Rays attendance declined by 49,381, and the Indians dipped 30,670. For the 3 rd season in a row, the team that won the World Series had a decline in attendance. The Dodgers topped 2 million for the 41 st consecutive season. Atlanta topped 2 million for the 23 rd straight year, and Boston reached this mark for the 19 th year in a row, tying the American League record for consecutive 2 million seasons held by Baltimore ( ). The Yankees, Cubs, and Cardinals each have drawn more than 2 million for 18 straight seasons through Seattle s 15 year streak of topping 2 million ended in The Yankees topped 2.5 million for the 20 th time, most ever for an American League team, but the Dodgers have now reached 2.5 million 40 times. St. Louis has done it 24 times. Pittsburgh is the only recent non-expansion team whose current all-time attendance record was set in a year when they had a losing record. The Pirates set their high mark in 2001, the year PNC Park opened. (Miami, Colorado, Tampa Bay, Washington, and Arizona, each set their records in their first season.) Attendance declines in 2013, 2010 and 2009 pushed figures back below levels reached prior to the 1994 strike average attendance per date of 30,515 is 822 below the 1993 average of 31,337. If 1998 expansion teams Tampa Bay and Arizona are excluded, the 2013 average for the 28 teams that operated in 1993 rises to 31,088 per date, which is a loss of 249 from 1993.
9 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE Page ATTENDANCE OVERVIEW -- SUMMARY TEAM-BY-TEAM SUMMARY AMERICAN LEAGUE Baltimore Attendance was up 255,321 to 2,357,561. This is their highest figure since Boston Despite going from last place to first in the American League East, and winning 28 more games than in 2012, the Red Sox drew 2,833,333, down 209,670. Boston became the 36 th team to have a drop in attendance in season when they won the World Series. They had topped 3 million in each of the previous 5 seasons, and this was their smallest total attendance since Their average per date was over 30,000 for the 15 th straight year. There were 30 sellouts, but The Streak ended. The sellout streak, covering 9 full seasons, and starting on May 15, 2003, ended on April 10 at 794 regular season games, and 820 when post-season games are included. This was the longest sellout streak in North American Major League sports history, breaking the record of 814 held by the Portland Trail Blazers of the NBA. The Dayton Dragons of the Minor League Baseball Midwest League, have the longest sellout streak in American sports, having sold out all 1,010 dates in their history through early-june, Chicago White Sox Attendance fell for the 7 th year in a row, tying the Major League record for consecutive attendance declines with the White Sox, the Pirates, the Rockies, and the Braves. Their total attendance of 1,768,544 was the team s lowest since Cleveland Had 24 more wins than in 2012, and was the lead A.L. Wild Card team, finishing the regular season with 10 straight wins. But attendance was down slightly to 1,572,926, the 2 nd lowest total in the Majors. Detroit Topped 3 million for the 4 th time in the last 7 seasons. Achieved their 4 th straight increase to 3,083,397, their 2 nd best total ever. Average per date was better than 30,000 for the 8 th consecutive year. Prior to 2006, the Tigers averaged at least 30,000 per date just twice in their history. There were 34 sellouts at Comerica Park in Houston - In their first A.L. season, the Astros ended a 6 year streak of attendance declines, with a gain of 2.7%. They became the 16 th team in MLB history to lose at least 110 games in a season, and the 17 th team to suffer 100 losses in 3 straight years. The Astros drew 1,651,911, which isn t even close to the record attendance for a team with 110+ losses. In 2004, 111 loss Arizona drew 2,519,560. The 1965 Mets, who drew 1,768,389, hold the record for a team with at least 3 straight 100 loss seasons. Kansas City The Royals have not topped 2 million since But their 2013 attendance of 1,750,732 was their 3 rd best total since Los Angeles Angels Topped 3 million for the 11 th straight year, but had their smallest total since Minnesota Their decline of 298,710 (10.8%) was the biggest total and percentage drop among American League teams. The Twins averaged better than 30,000 per date for the 4 th straight year, a level they had reached just twice before moving to Target Field in Their total of 2,477,644 is second only to the 2013 Chicago Cubs among teams that have lost at least 90 games for 3 years in a row. New York Yankees Led the American League in attendance for the 11 th straight year. The Yankees drew over 3 million for the 15 th consecutive season, which ties the MLB record held by the Dodgers from 1996 through But Yankee attendance fell 7.4% in 2013 to its lowest total since 2001, and their average per date was the lowest since Oakland Attendance of 1,809,302 was the best since The A s had 13 sellouts. Seattle 2.3% increase ends a streak of 5 straight declines. Texas Attendance fell 8.1% to 3,178,273, ending a streak of 4 straight years with total attendance increases of at least 10%. But the 2013 total is still the second highest in Rangers history. Attendance from the Wild Card Tiebreaker game vs. Tampa Bay is included in the total because that game is considered to be an extension of the regular season. Despite the decline in 2013, Rangers attendance is up 63.3% since 2008.
10 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE Page ATTENDANCE OVERVIEW -- SUMMARY TEAM-BY-TEAM SUMMARY AMERICAN LEAGUE Tampa Bay Won 90 games for the 5 th time in the last 6 years, which is best in MLB. But they only drew 1,510,300, which was worst in MLB in It was the team s smallest total since The Rays have posted the American League s worst attendance in 9 of the last 13 years. Their 2013 total is the lowest for any team making the playoffs since Florida in 2003, and is the lowest for an A.L. playoff team since the 1975 Oakland A s. The 2013 Rays are the first team to ever make the post-season in a year in which they had the lowest attendance either in their own league or in the Majors overall. They also had the best record (92-71) ever for a team that finished last in attendance. Toronto They had a very disappointing year on the field, but a very successful one at the gate. Attendance rose 436,899 (20.8%), the best total and percentage gains of any MLB team. The total attendance of 2,536,562 was the best for the Blue Jays since TEAM-BY-TEAM SUMMARY NATIONAL LEAGUE Arizona Had a slight decline, but still has topped 2 million in all 16 years of operation. Atlanta Up 5.3% to their best total since The Braves have reached 2 million for 23 straight years. Chicago Cubs Down 8.3% to 2,642,682, their lowest total since But this was the highest attendance ever for a team that lost 90 games for at least 3 straight years. Cincinnati Total of 2,492,059 was up 6.2%, and was the best ever at Great American Ballpark. It was the Reds greatest total since 2000, and second highest since They had a team record-high 16 sellouts. Colorado Up 6.2% to 2,793,828, the 6 th straight year above 2.5 million. The Rockies have topped the 2 million mark in 20 of the team s 21 seasons. Los Angeles Dodgers Drew 3,743,527 to lead the Major Leagues in attendance for the 23 rd time since moving to Los Angeles in This was the 29 th time the Dodgers have led the N.L. since then. Also led the Majors in road attendance. Topped 3 million for the 17 th time in the last 18 years, and for a Major League best 27 th time overall, and reached 3.5 million for the 9 th time gain of 419,281 (12.6%) was the National League s best. Dodger average per date reached 40,000 for the 9 th time in the last 10 years. There were 29 sellouts at Dodger Stadium, the most since 1983, and 34 crowds topped 50,000, and 67 were above 40,000. Miami Lowest N.L. Attendance. Decline of 633,122 (28.5%) was the biggest decrease of The total attendance drop was the 16 th worst of all time, and the 4 th worst ever for a team in the second year in a new ballpark. It was also the lowest attendance for a team in its second year in a park since 1999 (Tampa Bay), and the worst year 2 attendance in a completely new ballpark since Minnesota in Milwaukee 10.6% decline resulted in lowest attendance since But it was the Brewers 10 th year in a row above 2 million, quite a feat for the second smallest market (to Cincinnati) in the Majors. New York Mets 4 th straight decline since moving into Citi Field in (Attendance also fell in 2009, but that was mainly because Citi Field s capacity is far below what the Mets drew in 2008.) The Mets had their lowest total since 2003, and smallest average per date since Philadelphia Attendance fell 553,315 (15.5%) to 3,012,403, the lowest total since Yet, the Phillies have topped 3 million for 7 straight years, and their average per date reached 30,000 for the 10 th year in a row. The consecutive game streak of drawing at least 40,000 ended at 313 after game 2 of the season. Pittsburgh The total of 2,256,862 was the second highest in Pirate history. Attendance averaged 33,027 over the last 45 dates of the year. The Pirates had a team record-high 23 sellouts. 22 of the last 27 weekend (Friday, Saturday, Sunday) dates were sellouts, and 3 of the other 5 games topped 35,000.
11 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE Page ATTENDANCE OVERVIEW -- SUMMARY TEAM-BY-TEAM SUMMARY NATIONAL LEAGUE St. Louis The Cardinals drew 3,369,769, up 3.3%. It was their 10 th straight year above 3 million, and the 17 th time they ve reached that mark. There were 25 sellouts at Busch Stadium. The Cards have averaged over 35,000 per date in each of the last 16 years, and have drawn better than 40,000 per date in 8 of the last 9 seasons. San Diego Had their best attendance since They ve reached 2 million in 17 of the last 18 years. San Francisco Sold out every game again. The Giants sellout streak was 246 regular season dates through Since AT&T Park opened in 2000, through 2013, 693 of 1,134 (61.1%) regular season dates have been sellouts, and 1,117 (98.5%) of those dates have had crowds of at least 30,000. In April, 2014, the Giants broke the N.L. record for consecutive sellouts. Average per date has been above 35,000 in all 14 seasons in this park, and total attendance has topped 3 million in 12 of these seasons. The Giants have averaged 39,442 per date in their 14 years ( ) at AT&T Park, which is 94.1% of capacity. Washington The total of 2,652,408, up 11.9%, was the best at Nationals Park, and the second highest in the history of this franchise, including the Montreal Expos years ( ). The only year with a better attendance than 2013 came in 2005, the Nationals first year in Washington. The table on page 9 shows each team s 2013 and 2012 total attendance, the change in 2013 vs total attendance, both on a number and percentage basis, and the 2013 average per date for each team. League totals compare 2013 vs attendance for the teams in each league in Houston was in the National League in 2013, but their 2012 totals are included on the American League Total line for both years. The 2013 National League Total does not include Houston for Actual 2012 league totals, which have Houston in the National League, are noted at the bottom of the page. The same procedure is followed for the table on page 10, which shows each team s average per date in 2013 and 2012, and the 2013 vs change in average per date. Check the note at the bottom of the page to see the actual 14 team 2012 average per date for the American League, and the actual 16 team 2012 average per date for the National League. The page 10 table also ranks the teams from 1-30 from the highest to the lowest average per date for both 2013 and Seating capacity is for 2013, and was obtained from 2013 team media guides. Not all teams listed the number of games sold out in either their game notes or media guides. SOMETHING TO KEEP IN MIND ABOUT THE BIG DECLINES IN NEW YORK IN 2009 In 2009, the Yankees had the biggest loss ever for a team that won a division, and/or the World Series. The Mets had the second worst attendance decline in Major League history. The main reason for the drop in attendance for both teams is that they each drew more than 4 million in 2008, and then moved into smaller ballparks in Even if both teams had sold out every game in 2009, they still would have posted a significant decline in attendance. Old Yankee Stadium had a seating capacity of 57,545, while new Yankee Stadium s capacity is now 49,642. Shea Stadium s capacity was 57,365. Citi Field has 41,922 seats (It had 41,800 seats from 2009 through 2011). The Colorado Rockies and the St. Louis Cardinals are the only other teams to draw at least 3 million in the final full season in a ballpark. Colorado set the all time Major League attendance record in 1993, their only full season in Mile High Stadium, when they drew 4,483,350. St. Louis drew 3,538,948 in 2005, their final year in Busch Memorial Stadium. Both of these teams moved to smaller ballparks.
12 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL HOME ATTENDANCE vs Updated from 2014 Red and Green Books Includes American League 'Tiebreaker' game at Texas. Page 9 AMERICAN LEAGUE 2013 vs TEAM # DATES 2013 ATTENDANCE 2013 AVG/DATE 2012 ATTENDANCE # DIFFERENCE % CHANGE Baltimore 81 2,357,561 29,106 2,102, , Boston 81 2,833,333 34,979 3,043,003 (209,670) (6.9) Chicago White Sox 80 1,768,544 22,107 1,965,955 (197,411) (10.0) Cleveland 80 1,572,926 19,662 1,603,596 (30,670) (1.9) Detroit 81 3,083,397 38,067 3,028,033 55, Houston 81 1,651,911 20,394 1,607,733 44, Kansas City 81 1,750,732 21,614 1,739,859 10, L.A. Angels - Anaheim 81 3,019,532 37,278 3,061,770 (42,238) (1.4) Minnesota 81 2,477,644 30,588 2,776,354 (298,710) (10.8) New York Yankees 81 3,279,589 40,489 3,542,406 (262,817) (7.4) Oakland 81 1,809,302 22,337 1,679, , Seattle 81 1,761,661 21,749 1,721,920 39, Tampa Bay 81 1,510,300 18,646 1,559,681 (49,381) (3.2) Texas 82 3,178,273 38,759 3,460,280 (282,007) (8.1) Toronto 81 2,536,562 31,316 2,099, , American Lea. Total 1,214 34,591,267 28,494 34,991,506 (400,239) (1.1) NATIONAL LEAGUE Arizona 81 2,134,857 26,356 2,177,617 (42,760) (2.0) Atlanta 81 2,548,679 31,465 2,420, , Chicago Cubs 81 2,642,682 32,626 2,882,756 (240,074) (8.3) Cincinnati 80 2,492,059 31,151 2,347, , Colorado 81 2,793,828 34,492 2,630, , Los Angeles Dodgers 81 3,743,527 46,216 3,324, , Miami 81 1,586,322 19,584 2,219,444 (633,122) (28.5) Milwaukee 81 2,531,115 31,248 2,831,385 (300,270) (10.6) New York Mets 80 2,136,655 26,708 2,242,803 (106,148) (4.7) Philadelphia 81 3,012,403 37,190 3,565,718 (553,315) (15.5) Pittsburgh 80 2,256,862 28,211 2,091, , St. Louis 81 3,369,769 41,602 3,262, , San Diego 81 2,166,691 26,749 2,123,721 42, San Francisco 81 3,369,106 41,594 3,377,371 (8,265) (0.2) Washington 81 2,652,408 32,746 2,370, , National Lea. Total 1,212 39,436,963 32,539 39,867,762 (430,799) (1.1) Major League Total 2,426 74,028,230 30,515 74,859,268 (831,038) (1.1) Houston's 2012 attendance was in the National League. League totals above compare 2013 attendance with 2012 attendance for the same 15 teams that were in the league in league totals: American (14 teams) 33,383,773, average per date-29,517; National (16 teams) 41,475,495, average per date-32,102 Attendance comparison for 2013 vs is based on total home attendance for each year, regardless of the number of home dates. SOURCES: MLB Information System, 2014 A.L. Red Book, 2014, N.L. Green Book, Pete Palmer.
13 2013 MLB AVERAGE ATTENDANCE PER DATE - Rankings, vs. 2012, Sellouts Page 10 Includes American League 'Tiebreaker' game at Texas. AMERICAN LEAGUE Avg AVG AVG v MLB MLB SEATING as a % of # of 2013 TEAM per DATE per DATE # CHANGE Rank Rank CAPACITY Capacity SELLOUTS Baltimore 29,106 26,611 2, , Boston 34,979 37,568 (2,589) , Chicago W. Sox 22,107 24,271 (2,164) , Cleveland 19,662 19,797 (135) , Detroit 38,067 37, , Houston 20,394 19, , Kansas City 21,614 21,748 (134) , ? L.A. Angels 37,278 37,800 (522) , Minnesota 30,588 34,276 (3,688) , N.Y. Yankees 40,489 43,733 (3,244) , Oakland 22,337 20,729 1, , Seattle 21,749 21, , Tampa Bay 18,646 19,255 (609) , Texas 38,759 42,720 (3,961) , Toronto 31,316 25,922 5, , A.L. Avg./Date 28,494 28,871 (377) 42, NATIONAL LEAGUE Arizona 26,356 26,884 (528) , Atlanta 31,465 29,879 1, , Chicago Cubs 32,626 35,590 (2,964) , N/A Cincinnati 31,151 28,978 2, , Colorado 34,492 32,475 2, , N/A L.A. Dodgers 46,216 41,040 5, , Miami 19,584 27,401 (7,817) , Milwaukee 31,248 34,955 (3,707) , N.Y. Mets 26,708 28,035 (1,327) , Philadelphia 37,190 44,021 (6,831) , Pittsburgh 28,211 26,149 2, , St. Louis 41,602 40,273 1, , San Diego 26,749 26, , San Francisco 41,594 41,696 (102) , Washington 32,746 30,010 2, , N.L. Avg./Date 32,539 32,921 (382) 44, MLB Avg./Date 30,515 30,895 (380) 43, Houston's 2012 attendance was in the National League. League totals above compare 2013 attendance with 2012 attendance for the same 15 teams that were in the league in league totals: American (14 teams) 33,383,773, average per date-29,517; National (16 teams) 41,475,495, average per date-32,102 "MLB Rank" column shows each team's rank in 2013 average attendance per date, from highest (rank #1) to lowest (rank #30). * - Fenway Park-Boston capacity is 37,071 (day), and 37,499 (night). Listing above is pro-rated for 26 day and 55 night games in SOURCE: MLB Information System, 2014 A.L. Red Book, 2014 N.L. Green Book, Pete Palmer.
14 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE Page ATTENDANCE OVERVIEW Major League Baseball attendance was down 831,038 in 2013 to 74,028,230. This includes the Tiebreaker game at Texas to determine the second American League Wild Card team. In 2012, attendance rose 1,443,962, and it was up 360,899 in This followed 3 straight years of declines. In 2010, the loss was 313,252. But in 2009, attendance declined 5,220,345, the worst loss ever for a full season. A record-high attendance of 79,503,175 was reached in On a percentage basis, the 2013 loss was 1.1%. There were increases of 2.0% in 2012, and 0.5% in The 2010 decline was 0.4%. The 6.6% decline in 2009 was the largest percentage loss since In the last 33 non-strike affected seasons, attendance was up 21 times and down 12 times. 15 of the 30 teams had an attendance gain in were up in teams were up in 2011 and 14 teams posted gains in Attendance rose for 9 teams, while a record-high 21 teams had a decline in teams had gains, and 17 teams saw decreases in Just 8 teams saw attendance fall in the 2007 season. 4 teams had total attendance rise by at least 10% in Toronto was up 20.8%, the Dodgers saw a 12.6% increase, Baltimore gained 12.1%, and Washington was up 11.9%. There were 8 teams with increases of at least 10% in 2012, and 6 teams up that much in teams posted double-digit % gains in 2010, and only 2 teams were up 10%+ in teams had a double-digit % increase in teams saw 10%+ increases in teams were down at least 10% in Miami fell 28.5%, Philadelphia went down 15.5%, Minnesota dipped 10.8%, Milwaukee went down 10.6%, and the White Sox dropped 10.0%. 3 teams in 2012 and 2011, and 4 teams in 2010 had 10%+ losses. In 2009, attendance fell by at least 20% for the Mets, Toronto, Washington, and San Diego. 6 other teams had declines of at least 10%. 5 teams had losses of at least 10% in No team had a 10%+ decline in teams had total attendance increases of at least 200,000 in 2013, led by a gain of 436,899 for Toronto. The Dodgers were up 419,281, Washington had a gain of 281,614, and Baltimore s attendance rose 255,321. There were gains of at least 200,000 for 8 teams in 2012, and 5 teams in both 2011 and Kansas City and Texas were the only teams whose attendance was up at least 200,000 in teams had a total attendance increase of at least 200,000 in 2008, and 9 teams posted gains of 200,000 or more in Miami had the largest total attendance decline in 2013, down 633,122. Philadelphia had a loss of 553,315. Boston, Minnesota, Texas, the Cubs, the Yankees, and Milwaukee also fell 200,000+. There were 5 teams down over 200,000 in 2012 and in 2011, and 4 teams had losses that big in In 2009, attendance fell more than 500,000 for a record-high 6 teams, and 12 teams had declines of at least 200,000 that year. In 2008, 8 teams had a 200,000+ decline, but only the White Sox had a dip of at least 200,000 in In 2013, 8 teams surpassed 3 million in home attendance, while 15 teams drew at least 2.5 million, and 22 teams topped 2 million. In 2008, a record-tying 10 teams drew more than 3 million. LEAGUE ATTENDANCE vs American League attendance fell 1.1% to 34,591,267, down 400,239. Houston is listed with the American League for both years in this comparison even though they were in the National League in The 14 teams that played in the American League in 2012 drew 33,383,773 that year. The American League record-high of 35,389,658 for the 14 team league was set in National League 2013 attendance was 39,436,963, down 1.1% (430,799). This comparison excludes Houston for The 16 teams that played in the National League in 2012 drew 41,475,495. The 16 team National League drew a record-high 44,113,517 in teams in the American League and 8 teams in the National League had higher attendance in 2013 than in 2012.
15 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE Page ATTENDANCE OVERVIEW AVERAGE SEASON ATTENDANCE PER TEAM The 30 Major League teams had a combined average season attendance of 2,467,608 per team in 2013, down 27,701 from an average of 2,495,309 per team in The record-high average per team was 2,650,106 in In 2006, the average was 2,534,760. Before that, the record-high average per team was in 1993, when the 28 teams existing at that time averaged 2,509,159. ROAD ATTENDANCE LEADERS The Dodgers led the Major Leagues in road attendance in 2013, drawing 2,863,247 away from Dodger Stadium. The Yankees had the highest road attendance among American League teams. They also had the best combined home/road attendance among American League teams for the 15 th straight year. In 2012, the Yankees led the Majors in road attendance, with the Mets as the top road draw in the National League. The all-time record for Major League road attendance is 3,308,666 by the 2004 Yankees. Prior to 2004, Cincinnati held the road attendance record (3,016,074), set in MAJOR LEAGUE ATTENDANCE BY MONTH Bad weather early in the 2013 season cut into the attendance. But it improved vs in the latter stages of the season. Average attendance per date was down 4.0% vs for the combined months of April, May, and June. But it rose by 1.5% for the months of July, August, and September. Interleague games were concentrated in May and June in 2012, but took place nearly every day in 2013 with 15 teams in each league attendance was 74,859,268 with 2,423 dates played # of Dates 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE ATTENDANCE BY MONTH 2013 Total Attendance % Change in Avg. per date vs Month 2013 Average 2012 Average per Date per Date April ,326,868 28,822 30,017 (4.0) May ,423,557 29,793 30,161 (1.2) June ,719,165 31,328 33,377 (4.6) July ,441,355 32,399 32,575 (0.5) August ,261,828 31,501 30, September ,854,122 29,269 29, April - June Total 1,216 36,469,590 29,991 31,236 (4.0) July Sept. Total 1,210 37,557,305 31,039 30, Season Total 2,426 74,026,895 30,514 30,895 (1.2) The 2013 figures in this table were compiled month-by-month during the 2013 season from the MLB Information System. They do not include the minor adjustments made after the season, since there is no way to know which months these changes apply to. The adjusted 2013 total attendance is 74,028,230, which is 1,335 higher than the preliminary total. Total 2014 MLB attendance through May 31 was 24,018,965 in 824 dates, an average of 29,149 per date. The total is up 268,540 from the 2013 total through May 31. Average per date is down 173. This comparison is for the calendar period through May 31 of both years. There were 14 more dates played in 2014 than in 2013.
16 2013 MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL ATTENDANCE Page ATTENDANCE OVERVIEW 3 MILLION IS NOW ROUTINE The 1978 Dodgers were the first team to top 3 million in attendance. They ve reached that level 27 times, but fell short of that mark in 2011 for the first time since 1995, before topping 3 million in 2012 and in In 1988, Minnesota was the first American League team to draw 3 million. But they didn t do it again until Attendance of 3 million has been achieved 65 times by American League teams, and 106 times in the National League. In 2012, Texas became the 23 rd of the 30 MLB teams to have drawn 3 million at least once. The Yankees, Mets, Toronto, and Colorado have all surpassed 4 million in a season. In 2008, 2007, and 2000, a record-high of 10 teams reached 3 million. 3 MILLION SEASONS # Seasons Teams # Seasons Teams 27 Los Angeles Dodgers 6 Cleveland, Atlanta, N.Y. Mets 17 St. Louis 5 Seattle, Toronto, Boston 15 N.Y. Yankees 4 Houston, Detroit 12 San Francisco 3 Arizona, Minnesota, Milwaukee 11 Los Angeles Angels 2 Texas 9 Baltimore, Colorado, Philadelphia 1 San Diego, Miami 8 Chicago Cubs On the next page is a table listing how many seasons each team has drawn at least 2 million, 2.5 million, 3 million, 3.5 million, and 4 million. Also listed is the first year that each team reached these levels. At one time, reaching one million was significant was the first year that a majority of MLB teams (9 of 16) reached one million in attendance. There were years in the 1950 s and 1960 s when fewer than half the teams topped that mark, the last season being was the first year that a majority of teams (15 of 26) reached 2 million. 21 of 28 teams topped 2 million in 1993, but only 13 did it in teams topped 2 million in TOTAL MINOR LEAGUE ATTENDANCE FELL SLIGHTLY IN 2013, BUT AFFILIATED LEAGUES WERE UP Attendance for minor leagues affiliated with Major League Baseball was 41,553,781, up 0.7%. Independent minor leagues drew 6,708,293, down 5.9%. Combined affiliated/independent minor leagues attendance fell 0.3% to 48,262,074. Prior to 2009, the last overall decline in the Minors was in Total combined Major League/Minor League 2013 attendance was 122,290,304, down 0.8%. The combined Major League/Minor League record is 130,801,908, set in Much more detail about 2013 Minor League attendance can be found in the Minor League Attendance Analysis on the Baseball Reports page at numbertamer.com. A BIG DAY AT THE GATE The best day of attendance in Major League history was on July 28, 2007, when 717,478 tickets were sold for the 17 games played that day. (There were two, separate-admission day/night doubleheaders.) Average attendance per game for that day was 42,205. The largest regular-season crowd of 2013 was 53,393 for Magic Johnson Bobblehead Night on September 12 at Dodger Stadium. The largest crowd at an American League ballpark was 49,514 for Opening Day at Yankee Stadium. Largest post-season attendance was 54,646 for Game 3 of the N.L. Division Series at Los Angeles. The biggest crowd at any type of game in Major League history was 115,300, for an exhibition game between the Dodgers and Red Sox at the Los Angeles Coliseum in The game was a return to the Dodgers original home in Los Angeles, where they played from 1958 through The old record for best attendance at any type of MLB game was 93,103, at the Los Angeles Coliseum for a 1959 exhibition game with the Dodgers and Yankees that honored former Dodger catcher Roy Campanella.
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