1 N.I.S.L. Player Development Guide Under 8 Under 10 Created by the NISL Technical Committee for the benefit of the NISL Member Clubs
2 I. INTRODUCTION A. Principles of coaching 1. Know who you are coaching Each age level and requires specific emphasis on different aspects of the game What works for a 12 year old is not appropriate for 6 year old Every child is different and will develop at different rates 2. Have knowledge of the game Understand all of the rules and laws of the game Know the correct technique (dribbling, passing, shooting) Understand the different positions and roles of the players 3. Be Organized Practices should be understandable and age appropriate Each exercise should have objectives and pertain to the topic Have a plan and set goals for the practice, the week, the season etc. 4. Emphasize the correct things and Demonstrate Teach the basics of the age level Concentrate on good play not winning or losing Demonstrate the correct methods of doing something
3 I. INTRODUCTION 1. As a Teacher Provide the appropriate environment for learning Ensure that everyone is involved Understand players will learn at individual pace It should be fun and allow lots of success 2. As a Communicator Kids need positive feedback Be enthusiastic Criticism must be presented correctly and with a solution 3. As a Role Model Demonstrate respect for team members, opponents, referees, parents, spectators and opposing coaches Teach responsibility to the game itself Behave in a manner that you want your players emulate 4. As a Motivator Develop high levels of self confidence Be positive and show patience Be sensitive to each child
4 I. INTRODUCTION C. N.I.S.L.Code of Ethics for Coaches in the area Player Development I will treat each player, opposing coach, official, parent and administrator with respect and dignity. I will acknowledge in my behavior and language that the NISL exists for the children, first and a love of soccer, second. I will, in all circumstances, teach and model good sportsmanship winning with grace and losing with dignity. I will base playing time decisions on individual player development and learning not winning. I will afford all players the opportunity to play and make mistakes and understand that only though failure will the players achieve success. I will do my best to learn the Player Development Curriculum, teaching and evaluation techniques and focus on the development of the player. I will uphold the authority of officials who are assigned to the contests in which I coach, and will assist them in any way to conduct fair and impartial competitive contests. I will learn the strengths and weaknesses of my players so that I might place them into situations where they have the maximum opportunity to achieve success. I will plan and conduct my practices and games so that all players have an opportunity to improve their skill level through active participation. I will communicate to my players and their parents the rights and responsibilities of individuals on our team. I will cooperate with the Directors and Administrators of the NISL in the enforcement of rules and regulations, and I will report any irregularities that violate sound competitive practices. I will protect the health and safety of my players by insisting that all of the activities under my control are conducted for the psychological and physiological welfare, rather than the vicarious interest of adults.
5 II. COACHING THE U7 - U8 AGE LEVEL The U7 - U8 age level is unique in that you may have players that have played soccer before and you may have some that are brand new to the game. It is important to evaluate this early on so that you can plan your practices accordingly. At this stage, we must touch on some of the more specific fundamentals that kids will need later on. Be patient and let the kids have some fun. Don t over coach. Let them have some freedom to be creative. A. Characteristics of the Player Attention span is relatively short Understand small group activities Must be constantly in motion Psychologically easily bruised (need to feel liked) Developing physical confidence Development for boys and girls is very similar Developing coordination Are playing for fun and enjoyment Have very little accuracy Have minimal fine motor skills B. What to Emphasize (Goals and Expectations) Dribbling: Using different surfaces of the foot to move the ball in a controlled manner. Introducing fakes and cuts of the ball. Passing: Passing with the correct technique to a teammate in a certain direction. Receiving: Receiving the ball with the different surfaces of the feet as well as using the thigh. Receiving the ball in a direction away from passer. Shooting: Using the instep and shoelace for shooting. Juggling: Using feet and thighs to keep the ball off the ground. Self Confidence: Allow players to be successful in every aspect of the game; encouraging them to be creative and try new things without the fear of failure. Introducing the concept of proper technique will create success. Balance and Coordination: Develop running strides, reflexes and agility.
6 II. COACHING THE U7 - U8 AGE LEVEL C. Teaching the Basics in Training Time: Activities should last no more than 15 minutes. One Player One Ball: All exercises involving dribbling should be one player one ball. Passing can involve a partner as long as every player is getting lots of repetitions. Have Rules: Players need to learn how to follow rules at this age. Don t overcomplicate and try to keep them to a minimum. Demonstrate Don t Describe: Players need to see what to do, not hear it; keep explanations to a minimum. Be Specific: If you are working on dribbling, then only work on one surface of one foot at a time. Exercises Should Be Fun but Effective: All activities should be geared towards excitement and constant action (no drills) but need to relate to a specific task that soccer requires. Don t Over Coach: Too much coaching will not allow kids to figure some things out on their own. Let the Activity do the Work: Put players into activities that will teach the focal point of the session. See USSF Curriculum enclosed D. Teamwork and Positioning Teamwork: Kids at this age understand small group activities. Make sure that each activity allows the group of players to be successful. 3v3 and 4v4 games should be used as much as possible. Groups: Group players by skill and athletic ability. This way you can require different results from different groups depending on ability. This will help to create success and not alienate and discourage lesser skilled players. Positioning: Introducing positions will be a relatively new concept for them. It is better to teach the players spaces initially, like right or left, back or front. All players are should be rotated into each position. Using exercises like forwards against defenders may help to define the role of each of them. Game Planning: Every game should have a different plan with different positions for each player. Some players will be better at one position than another. Try and encourage players to try new positions. This will build confidence and help players understand the game. Players should play in minute time blocks; subbing often does not allow a player to get into the flow of the game. Player development comes before Winning. E. Summation A coach needs to help all of their players develop to their full potential. Help your weaker players develop confidence with the ball, encourage your stronger players expand their creativity and confidence. The more time they spend with the ball at their feet, the more comfortable they become, the more confident they will become, the more they will look to get involved and the more fun they will have. Do not be concerned about match results, only that your players want to have the ball at their feet, want to go to goal and score. Emphasize dribbling, attacking the goal, taking chances and being creative these themes will reinforce to your players to experiment and allow them to develop as players.
7 SAMPLE EXERCISES FOR U7 - U8 AGE PLAYERS Dribbling: Gates Utilizing an open area, place 2 cones 1 yard a part (the gate) for each player you have. Try and keep all of the gates close together so that the players don t have too far to dribble from gate to gate. With each players starting in their own gate, the coach will say go, and the players must dribble from gate to gate, going through as many as they can, while using different surfaces of the feet to dribble and turn. Make a contest to see how many gates they can go through in a period of time. Emphasis: Dribbling and turning using different surfaces of both feet. Cutting the ball using the inside, outside and the sole of the foot. Demonstration: Demonstrate different ways of dribbling and turning. Limit players to different surfaces like only the right foot, or only turning with the inside of the foot. Knockout Create a grid 20x20 yards using cone. Ever player must have their own ball and be inside the grid. Players must dribble the ball and try to knock out opponents ball using their feet without their own ball being knocked out. Game ends when all balls have been knocked out. Emphasis: Protecting the ball by keeping your body between the ball and the opponent (shielding). Turning or cutting the ball in different directions using different surfaces of both feet. Demonstration: Demonstrate to the players how to shield the ball by keeping your body between the opponent and the ball. Line Soccer Create several appropriate sized fields, so that all players are playing 1v1 matches where the goal for each player is to dribble the ball over the opponents endline under control. This will give the players several opportunities to play and try new moves under limited pressure. Emphasis: Dribbling with speed, using moves worked on in the dribbling exercise. Using both feet and all parts of the feet to dribble. Players should be taught to be creative and try different moves without the fear of failure. Demonstration: Demonstrate to players how to dribble with speed, make a move, and then accelerate past the opponent.
8 SAMPLE EXERCISES FOR U7 - U8 AGE PLAYERS Passing: Gates Using a similar set up to the gates dribbling exercise, you will need to have players choose a partner and get a ball. When the coach starts the exercise, one player must dribble the ball to one gate, while their partner will run to the other side of the gate. Then the player with the ball will pass the ball between the gate to his/her partner. They will then proceed to the next gate and repeat the same step while alternating who has the ball. Emphasis: Working with pairs and passing to a teammate. Using the correct part of the foot and working with both feet. Demonstration: Demonstrate proper technique of both kicking and non-kicking foot. Encourage the players to use both feet even if you restrict them to one foot or the other. Receiving: Partners Partners stand about 5 yards apart, passing the ball to one another. Concentrate on the player who is receiving the ball. First, work on receiving the ball with the sole of the foot by stepping on the ball. Next, work on receiving the ball with the inside of the foot. Last, make the player who will receive the ball run backwards 5 steps and then come forward to the ball. The ball can also be tossed with the hands to create a bouncing ball. Emphasis: Soft touches of the ball to keep it near the body. Retracting the foot as the ball approaches to create a cushioning effect. Demonstration: Demonstrate the proper technique using both feet. Shooting: Rapid Fire Have two teams of players line up across from one another 20 yards apart, each with the intent of shooting at the other teams goal. On the coach command a player from each line dribble their ball forward and shoots at the opposition goal. Make competition between teams as to which team can score more goals. Emphasis: Proper shooting technique. Use both feet. Demonstration: Demonstrate how to point the toe down to hit the ball with the correct part of the foot. Show preparation touch, proper body position and non-kicking leg position.
9 III. COACHING THE U9 - U10 AGE LEVEL Typically, most of the kids playing at this age have had some soccer experience. The coach must evaluate what the players have learned so far, and start at the appropriate stage. You may need to go back one step to make sure players have the proper base needed to accomplish the steps in this section. At the U9 and U10 age levels, players will need to start learning more about how to play the game under pressure from an opponent, as well as understand positions and the role each one must take. These roles are usually very general so as not to overwhelm the players as they are rotated into different positions. A. Characteristics of the Player Ability to stay focused longer Begin to understand decision making Psychologically more confident in who they are Technical and Physical abilities are more defined and diverse Boys and girls start to develop differently Increased self responsibility Will initiate play more without being told or encouraged B. What to Emphasize (Goals and Expectations) Physical: All exercises should involve a ball. Any running should only be done with a ball. Dribbling: Using different surfaces of the foot to change directions and speeds, with an emphasis on running with the ball. Receiving the Ball: Using feet, thighs and chest to control the ball quickly and then passing, dribbling or shooting afterwards. Passing: Passing with the instep or shoelace part of the foot to move the ball at different speeds over various distances. Shooting: Using the shoelace portion of the foot to shoot stationary, moving or bouncing balls. Shooting to one part of the goal. Defending: Introducing the concept and role of the 1 st defender. Juggling: Using combinations of feet, thighs and head to juggle multiple times. Competition: Every exercise should start with no pressure and then have opponents added to create pressure. Competition in training does not need to focus on winning, but skill based objectives within the activity. Let players compete focus on the process of the competition and not the outcome. Tactics: Introduce a purpose for everything they do. After players learn how to do something, they need to start to learn why they are doing it. Limit any tactics to small situations.
10 III. COACHING THE U9 - U10 AGE LEVEL A. Teaching in Training Sessions Time: Depending on the activity, time limits should be from minutes. Players should be in constant motion, no standing around. Player/Ball Ratio: Dribbling exercises should be one player one ball, however to add pressure you can go to 2 to 1 or even 3 to 1. The 1v1, 2v1 duels are key situations players will confront their entire playing careers. Rules should imitate the game: All rules for any exercise should involve regular soccer regulations to ensure that players are learning properly. Demonstrate and Explain: After demonstrating a task, ask and explain to the players the purpose and how it relates to small situations in the game. Give room for Creativity: All exercises should allow players some freedom to explore different ways of doing the same thing. Try to keep objectives simple and specific, but allow the methods for achieving them somewhat open. Add Direction: Exercises at this age should have a direction in which the players are going, and using a goal is always the most effective. This incorporates the way in which soccer is actually played i.e. forwards, backwards, or side to side. Limitations: You can start to add limitations, such as, touch restrictions or numbers of consecutive passes. Use the restrictions to bring out the objectives in any exercise. See USSF Curriculum enclosed B. Teamwork and Positioning Teamwork: All teamwork exercise should have a specific objective such as scoring a goal, or reaching a specific area of the field. Groups: In technical exercises players should be grouped by skill level. This will allow you to challenge different groups at the same time, while allowing all of your players to achieve success. Positioning: At this stage, you will need to teach players the different positions on the field. Although we still want to encourage players to try all positions, many will be better and more comfortable in certain ones. Encourage players to learn the roles of all positions, including the goalkeeping position. Game Planning: During your season, every game should have a different plan with different positions for each player. Each player should rotate through the positions and every player, regardless of what position they are playing, should be given the freedom to be creative on the ball and be involved in the offense. All players should be instructed to attack when the team has the ball and to defend when the team does not, regardless of what position they are playing. C. Summation At these ages it is very important that all players experience the ball as much as possible, that training sessions are in constant motion and the player to ball ratio are as small as possible. All players are allowed to develop at their own pace, finding success and joy in the game. Some players will mature physically faster than others, do not allow those players to only use their athleticism to solve all of their problems. Create a competitive environment for the players, but one that the focus is on the performance and not the outcome. The result is just one indicator of performance, and at this age, not the most important one.
11 SAMPLE EXERCISES FOR U9 - U10 AGE PLAYERS Dribbling: Restricted Space Dribbling Create a grid 20 x 30 yards using cones. Players should have their own ball. Starts by having the players dribble the balls inside the grid while trying to avoid running into other players. Work on using both feet and the different surfaces of each foot. Introduce the different turns and moves as well. Finally, add 2 or 3 players without balls, whose purpose is to steal other player s balls, at the end of a short time limit, a player with a ball gets a point. Play several rounds. Emphasis: Dribbling in and out of crowds of people. Using different foot surfaces to turn. Demonstration: Demonstrate how to keep the ball close to the body and quickly turn and find some empty space to dribble into. Get a ball Create a grid that is 30x40 yards. Split the players into two groups. One group has balls the other does not. The object is for the team without the balls to steal all of the balls from the opposing team. Once a player has stolen the ball then he/she passes it to the coach and tries to steal another one. Play ends when all the balls have been stolen and passed to the coach. Emphasis: Protecting the ball by keeping your body between the ball and the opponent (shielding). Dribbling the ball into empty space and away from the opponent. Demonstration: Demonstrate to the players how to shield the ball by keeping your body between the opponent and the ball. 1 vs. 1 to Goal Have the players choose partners and get a soccer ball. Each pair of players will be given a number. The players should start 25 yards from the goal and pass the ball back and forth between themselves. When the coach calls their number the player who has the ball at the time tries to dribble and score a goal while the other player tries to steal the ball and score also. After either player scores, they both go back to the starting position and resume passing. Emphasis: Faking the player and then dribbling with speed and finishing with a shot at goal. Demonstration: Demonstrate different fakes and how to accelerate to goal. Demonstrate how to defend by getting between the ball and the goal.
12 SAMPLE EXERCISES FOR U9 - U10 AGE PLAYERS Passing: Restricted Space Passing Using a similar set up to the restricted space dribbling exercise, have the player choose a partner a get one soccer ball. This time the players will dribble, pass, and move throughout the grid without hitting someone else with the ball. Make sure to work both feet. You can start with short passes then require them to make longer passes. Emphasis: Passing and moving in and out of other players. Receiving the ball and then looking up for a teammate. Using different surfaces of the both feet to pass. Demonstration: Demonstrate how to pass and then move to get open for a return pass. 1v1 to Targets Set up an appropriate sized grid where players will play 1v1 inside the grid with a target player on either side of the space. The object of the players in the middle is to play into a target, get the ball back and play to the other. Play for a short amount of time and have the players switch roles. You can make it competitive by adding a point when a target receives the ball. Emphasis: Passing and receiving under pressure and looking to play forward, using the target player to create a 2v1 situation. Demonstration: Demonstrate on how to pass under pressure and move to receive the ball from the target. Receiving the ball: Windows In an appropriate sized space, set half of the players on the perimeter of the grid, each with a ball, the others in the middle without balls. On the coach command, the players in the middle will move to players on the outside, receive a ball and pass back to the outside player. This activity has limitless possibilities with what can be done and how pressure can be added. Emphasis: Using different parts of the body to control the ball. Adjusting to balls depending on their speed or if they are in the air. Demonstration: Demonstrate the proper technique using both feet, the thighs and the chest.
13 SAMPLE EXERCISES FOR U9 - U10 AGE PLAYERS Shooting: Break Away Have separate lines of players facing the goal. One line should start 5 yards further back than the other. Pass a ball out in front of the closer line so the player can dribble in and take a shot on goal. The player from the further line will try and catch the shooting player. After they are finished they should switch lines. Use a goalkeeper for this exercise. Emphasis: Shooting a ball off of the dribble and pressure from an opponent. Demonstration: Demonstrate how to shoot the ball properly from the dribble. Concentrate on hitting it with the lace and getting the non-kicking foot next to the ball. Possession: 4v2 Transition Create two side by side appropriate sized grids to play 4v2. Your game will consist of two teams of 4. Start by playing 4v2 in one grid with the additional 2 players waiting in the other, when the 2 players win the ball, they play to their waiting teammates in the other grid and join them to create 4 players. The team that lost the ball send 2 players into the other grid to try to win it back. Emphasis: Receiving the ball, picking up the head, finding the open player and then passing it to them. Demonstration: Demonstrate on how to receive the ball with the correct foot in order to pass it to the open player. Teamwork: 3 v 3 Transition To Goal On an appropriate sized field, set 2 big goals with goalkeepers. Start playing 3v3 with one team serving to another. Anytime the goal goes over the endline, that team sends new attackers on to the field with a new ball. This is a fast paced game with limitless possibilities for a coach to focus on that keeps all players involved. Emphasis: Working together to avoid a defender, dribble, pass and shoot to score a goal. Demonstration: Demonstrate on the dribble, pass, or shoot options..
14 IV. N.I.S.L. PLAYING RULE MODIFICATIONS The NISL Technical Committee feels very strongly that in order for proper player development to occur, the League needs to take the initiative to place restrictions on the game so that the players are able to be adequately tested based on the appropriate age group curriculum set forth in this document and by the United States Soccer Federation. NISL has publicly endorsed the new US Soccer Coaching Curriculum, and we feel that using that as a guide, in conjunction with the League focus on player development at the younger ages, we will raise the level of player development in the Chicagoland area. U7 and U8 Modifications On goal kicks or free kicks in the defensive half, the defending team will drop off in such a manner as to not pressure the opponent and let them pass out Upon Goalkeepers possession, the defending team will drop off in such a manner as to not pressure the opponent and allow the goalkeeper to distribute with a throw. No putting from the Goalkeeper. No goal kicks will travel over the center line, all must be played with a target in mind on your own half of the field. Players should be allowed to play a minimum of 12 continuous minutes segments, minimizing substitutions Players should be allowed to experience different playing positions. Only the result of the game will be posted on the website, scores will no longer be posted U9 and U10 Modifications On goal kick or free kicks in the defensive half, the defending team will drop off in such a manner as to not pressure the opponent and let them pass out Upon Goalkeeper possession, the defending team will drop off in such a manner as to not pressure the opponent and allow the goalkeeper to distribute the ball with a throw No punting from the Goalkeeper No goal kicks will travel over the center line, all must be played with a target in mind on your own half of the field. Players should be allowed to play a minimum of 15 continuous minutes segments, minimizing substitutions Players should be allowed to experience different playing positions. Only the result of the game will be posted on the website, scores will no longer be posted
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Rainier Soccer Alliance Puyallup (Puyallup Soccer Union) U6 Micros Program U4-U6...Player Development for the Future! The Mission The mission of Rainer Soccer Alliance Puyallup (PSU) is for the U6 Micro
SOCCER YMCA of Greater Charlotte s Soccer Coach s Practice Planning Workbook ymcacharlotte.org TIPS FOR A SUCCESSFUL PRACTICE There are some simple things that every coach should do both before and during
PLAYER ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES ALL TEAMS GOALKEEPER ASSURED HANDLING, COMMUNICATION WITH BACK FOUR SHOW OUTSIDE/ INSIDE, GET TIGHT, CLEAR, TIME, COVER, DROP OFF, PRAISE, ETC COMMAND AREA CROSSES/ CORNERS
U11 Small Sided Competition Guidelines Age and developmentally appropriate lacrosse competition for girls playing in the U11 Age Classification Our Vision We envision a future that offers people everywhere
U11 Small Sided Competition Guidelines Age and developmentally appropriate lacrosse competition for boys playing in the U11 Age Classification Our Vision We envision a future that offers people everywhere
U12 Activities - Passing & Receiving for Possession Objective: To improve the players ability to pass, receive and possess the soccer ball when in the attack Dutch Square: Half of the players on the inside
The purpose of this curriculum is to help standardize best practice soccer training throughout Massachusetts. Through licensure courses, clinics, and ongoing support of towns and clubs, Massachusetts Youth
Table Of Contents Introduction... 4 Week 1 - Practice Plan #1 - Cutting Movements... 6 Week 1 - Practice Plan #2 - Cutting Movements... 7 Week 1 - Practice Plan #3 - Cutting Movements... 8 Week 2 - Practice
IR Academy U8-U11 Coaching Curriculum Created by: Kyle Crist - President Zack Masters - Director of Coaching Mike Peters V.P. /Girls Technical Director Pete O Donnell - Boys Technical Director Table of
Year group: 8 Football (Replace with unit title or code.) Tier (e.g. Level 5-7 or Higher) Length 6 weeks (Insert length of unit, in preferred format.) Learning objectives Level or Grade Learning outcomes
LESSON 1 EQUIPMENT: 1 Handball per group 4 cones for each group of four students 2 or more beach balls LESSON OUTCOME (S): Develop cardiovascular endurance, agility, speed, eye-hand coordination, and spatial
Introduction to Handball for Physical Education Joanna V. Franquelli Outline I. Introduction Background Handball Court Handball Sizes Rules of the Game Basic Skills Player Positions II. Handball at Schools
To work on cradling skills Cradling Games CRADLING GAME (1) Play 1 v 1 in a 15-by-15-yard square. Several squares can be set up within the penalty box to enable four groups to work at the same time. Start
Copyright Notice - IT IS ILLEGAL TO POST THIS DOCUMENT ONLINE The material enclosed is copyrighted. You do not have resell rights or giveaway rights to the material provided herein. Only customers that
GLOBAL PREMIER SOCCER 2016 FALL CURRICULUM u5 & u6 SAQ Relay Races 3 players per team. Players run through the relay race and perform 5 toe taps before running back and giving next player high 5. (If hurdles
Topic: Creating Goal-Scoring Opportunities. By Greg Maas, State Technical Director, Utah Youth Soccer Association. Emphasis: To teach technical and tactical considerations in creating goal-scoring opportunities.
WARM UP & STRETCH 1. Stretch for about 10 minutes, concentrating on leg stretches. 2. Start with a light jog to warm up, followed by other exercises. 3. Try high-knee jogging in place for 2 to 5 minutes.
Mario DeSisti: Passing Types of passes 1 Because of today's aggressive defenses the types of passes one can throw have changed. The basic passes of today are: Side pass - released away from the body higher
U12/Middle School Practice Plan WASA thanks the Gurnee Park District, Gurnee, IL for this information. These plans were obtained from the Gurnee Park District website upon the recommendation of a former
Special Olympics Junior Athletes Floorball FLOORBALL Floorball is a very popular sport around the world. The sport s success is due to the fact that it can be played by boys, girls, men and women of just
NUSC Recreational Coaching Guide Dribbling Drills & Coaching Points * Keep the ball close. * Keep picking your head up to see oncoming defenders. * Change of Speed. * Change of Direction. * Practice dribbling
www.academysoccercoach.com www.academysoccercoach.com Handball Tag Ball Baskets Two teams The aim for the team in possession is to pass the ball by throwing and catching. The player in possession is not
Age Group Overview, Curriculum & Development Philosophy Page 1 of 8 Age Groups & Formats: KC Select Youth Development Program (YDP) (U6-U8) (4v4 Format) KC Select Juniors (U9-U10) (7v7 Format) KC Select
Global Premier Soccer GPS Curriculum 2015 Professional Development - Lee Moyce Junior/Premier - u9 - Dribbling Pre-Practice Exercises Sponge Bob Juggling Players can work in pairs or as individuals. Player
BLOOMFIELD JUNIOR SOCCER ASSOCIATION RECREATION LEAGUE COACH S HANDBOOK www.bjsact.org Table of Contents 1. Mission Statement 2. Season Calendar 3. Team Roster 4. Attendance sheet 5. Game Schedule 6. Field
U7 Small Sided Competition Guidelines Age and developmentally appropriate lacrosse competition for boys playing in the U7 Age Classification Our Vision We envision a future that offers people everywhere
U15 Small Sided Competition Guidelines Age and developmentally appropriate lacrosse competition for girls playing in the U15 Age Classification Our Vision We envision a future that offers people everywhere
Building the Playing Style Concepts Style Of Play - Specific Players 1, 2 or 3 touch maximum - minimizing the number of touches improves the speed of play. Keep the game simple - do not force situations,
AGES 14 AND UNDER LESSON WORKBOOK ROGER GRILLO 2 The players are the ones that need to learn to play the game, learn to be in the right place at the right time. When we have the players practice skills
U5/U6 Player Traits -Physical Easily fatigued but with rapid recovery Body segments grow at different rates Use a movement education approach. Place an emphasis on the fundamental movement skills of: Walking,
FUNdamentals Pratice Plans At this stage the focus is on the development of agility, balance and coordination (ABC s). Basic ringette skills such as skating, passing, receiving, shooting and general knowledge
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