1 The experience of Spain in reducing road deaths in urban areas PIN Talk in Cyprus How to improve urban road safety Cyprus, 19 March 2015 Álvaro Gómez Méndez Deputy Directorate General for Statistics Analysis and Monitoring Directorate General for Traffic (DGT)
2 Contents ABOUT DGT ROAD SAFETY MANAGEMENT IN SPAIN URBAN ROAD SAFETY Evolution Cooperation with local authorities Strategies and plans Case studies Penalty point system Speed management LESSONS LEARNED AND CHALLENGES
3 About DGT Directorate General for Traffic Ministry of Interior LEAD AGENCY IN ROAD SAFETY Chairs (Minister of Interior) the National Road Safety Council, a high level group of consultation. Ellaborates Road Safety Strategies and Plans (now in force: Road Safety Strategy ; Plan of Action ). Has direct responsibility for: traffic rules inside and outside urban areas; traffic management and enforcement outside urban areas; driving licensing; penalty point system; vehicle registration; coordination of research on road safety; national registers of drivers, vehicles, accidents, sanctions, penalty points.
4 FATALITIES Road safety management Major breaktroughs : Annual Road Safety Plans 1976: National Road Safety Council 1980/81: First Road Safety Programme Year Fatalities , : Road Safety Strategic Plan : Road Safety Strategic Plan : Road Safety Strategy : Vision 0 discussed in Parliament and presented to the National Road Safety Council , , ,680 YEAR
5 Road safety management The vision 0 Victims 0 Congestion 0 Pollution 0 Public debt+competitiveness
7 Urban road safety Road traffic fatalities inside urban areas, Other; 12 Moped; 20 Bicycle; 24 Passenger cars; 72 Motorcycles; 98 Vehicle involved in the accident (other than that of the victim). Pedestrians; 224 Total=450 fatalities
8 Urban road safety To reduce the socioeconomic impact of road traffic accidents. General framework Spanish Road Safety Strategy : Priorities 1. To protect the most vulnerable users. 2. To promote safe mobility in urban areas. 3. To improve the safety of motorcyclists. 4. To improve safety on single carriageways. 5. To improve safety on work-related trips. 6. To improve behaviours related to alcohol and speed. Action Plan on Urban Mobility Data systems: improving the level of reporting. Alcohol and drugs: improving enforcement. Mobility: quantity, modal split, safety. Driving license: getting or renewing a license. Safety of disabled people.
9 Urban road safety Who does what: DGT general traffic rules, including maximum speed limits, enforcement (only on certain urban roads, when there is not a local police force). Municipality enforcement (incl. detracting points), traffic management, specific traffic rules. How we work together: National Road Safety Council. Bilateral Road Safety Agreement: more than 800 agreements signed (total municipalities=8,117; municipalities > 5,000 population=1,304). Periodic meetings at national and provincial level. National Meeting of Cities (biennial): exchange of good practices.
10 Urban road safety Bilateral Road Safety Agreement offers offers Acces to the National Driver Register Access to the National Vehicle Register Management tools (mainly IT) Information on road accidents and national safety campaigns Communicating road accidents and victims Communicating penalty points Participating in safety campaigns(incl. enforcement) Assisstance in developing and implementing a Local Road Safety Plan Developing, implementing and monitoring a Local Road Safety Plan Temporary cession of vehicles and equipment for enforcement (e.g. radar, breathalyzer ) Using the equipment and communicating the results
11 Urban road safety The Urban Road Safety Master Plan Developed in the framework of the Strategic Road Safety Plan , it provides local authorities with a comprehensive methodology for developing, implementing and evaluating Local Road Safety Plans. New model of coexistence and use of the public space. New hierarchy of priority: at the top, non-motorized and public transport. New hierarchy of roadways: city streets (speed limit kph) and connecting roads (speed limit kph). Alignment with National and European Plans. Key factors for success: clear leadership, collaboration and cooperation between institutions and civil society.
12 Urban road safety The Urban Road Safety Master Plan It defines a decalogue of areas of action and objectives. It describes a four-stage methodology: diagnostic, formulation of proposals, development of the action plan, evaluation of the action plan. It defines a number of sheets for data collection.
13 Urban road safety Strategic Plan for the Road Safety of Motorcycles and Mopeds Field of action 1: Preparing motor bikers for safe driving, through: Modifying access tests. Progressiveness in the access. Road safety training. Field of action 2: Minimizing high accident rate scenarios, through: Traffic Management. Adapting infrastructures. Equipment and characteristics of the vehicles. Field of action 3: Fighting risky driving (RD), through: Raising awareness. Preventive action on driver segments according to RD. Detecting and sanctioning RD. Field of action 4: Adopting mitigating measures, through: Infrastructure. Assistance. Motor biker equipment.
14 Urban road safety Case Study: Madrid Road Safety Plan Framework: Urban Mobility Plan Target: reduction of 50% in fatalities over ; 30% in casualties per population; 30% in pedestrian fatalities; conducting alcohol tests in 4% of drivers. Areas (referred to the Haddon matrix): FACTORS PHASE HUMAN FACTORS VEHICLE FACTORS ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS Education and training Information and communication Pre-crash Enforcement Enforcement Mobility and infrastructure management Crash Education and training Enforcement Mobility and infrastructure management Post-accident care Post-crash Post-accident care Information and communication Research and studies
15 Urban road safety Case Study: Barcelona Local Road Safety Plan Framework: Urban Mobility Plan Target: reduction of 30% in fatalities over ; 20% in hospitalised casualties. Focus: - Pedestrians: one third of fatal and serious accidents. - Bicycles: group with the largest increase in casualties. - Motorcycles: group with the largest risk per unit of mobility; about 40% of fatal and serious accidents. 28 MEASURES 4 POLITICAL 24 TECHNICAL 5 DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS 11 CORRECTIVE 8 PREVENTIVE Analysis (2). Others (3). Black spots (2). Pedestrians (2). Bicycles (2). Motorcycles (4). Bypasses (1). Campaigns (5). Education (2). Post-accident care (1).
16 Penalty point system Entry into force: 1 st july A new philosophy: focus on re-education, not punishment: key role of courses. number of points as a proxy of social trust. only serious and very serious offences. A global credit for each driver, regardless of the number or types of licenses. Baseline credit: 12 points, except novice drivers and drivers holding back their licenses after losing all points and doing a re-education and awareness course. As a general rule, no more than 8 points can be detracted on a single day. OFFENCE POINTS Speed 2-6 Alcohol/Drugs 4-6 Mobile phone 3 Helmet, seat belt, CRS 3 Traffic lights 4 Other 3-6
17 Penalty point system Serious or very serious offence Report Responsible authority Penalty points Outside urban areas: DGT, Regional governments (Catalonia, Vasque Country). Inside urban areas: municipalities. PPS NATIONAL REGISTER AND DATABASE Notification/ (Appealing)/Penalty
20 Speed management Speed enforcement Municipalities No comprehensive data on the number and results of speed checks. Information on speed related penalty points, based on data communicated by municipalities to the PPS National Register and Database, managed by DGT. Fines and penalty points, according for different speed offences (*) Speed limit (kph) Fine ( ) Type of offence Serious Very serious Penalty points (*) Exceeding the speed limit by more than 60kph carries criminal charges.
21 Speed management Speed enforcement Municipalities Distribution of penalties detracting points, as communicated by municipalities (2013). SIZE % SPEED RELATED PENALTIES Population > 500,000 44% Population 100, ,000 40% Population 50, ,000 38% Population 20,000-50,000 15% Population 10,000-20,000 32% Population 5,000-10,000 23% Population 2,000-5,000 19% Population < 2,000 17% Distribution of penalties detracting points, as communicated by municipalities (2013).
22 LESSONS LEARNED AND CHALLENGES Road safety management: from annual road safety plans to multiannual road safety strategies. Common set of principles: vulnerable road users, rationalisation of motorised trips, coexistence and use of local space. Cooperation with local authorities at different levels: from National Road Safety Council to bilateral meetings and agreements with municipalities. Usual needs in cities: designing and implementing strategies, IT (reporting accidents, penalties ), equipment for enforcement, lack of human resources, data analysis. PPS and enforcement effectivenes depending on intensity: optimum level of enforcement according to local characteristics.
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