The Pre War Artillery Revolution

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Pre War Artillery Revolution"

Transcription

1 Slide 1

2 Slide 2 The Pre War Artillery Revolution The war of was an artillery war. Artillery was the battle winner, artillery was what caused the greatest loss of life, the most dreadful wounds and the deepest fear (John Terraine, White Heat

3 Slide 3 The Pre War Artillery Revolution In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, nine out of every ten soldiers killed died as a result of bullets fired by opposing soldiers using muskets, pistols and rifles. Likewise, nine out of ten wounded soldiers were injured by those weapons.

4 Slide 4 The Pre War Artillery Revolution In the Great War 60% of German fatalities were caused by artillery fire!

5 Slide 5 The Pre war Artillery Revolution 70% of British casualties and 75% of French casualties were inflicted by artillery fire!

6 Slide 6 The Artillery Revolution Clearly this War in which the cause of casualties changed so dramatically indicated that something remarkable had taken place. In this session we will begin to explore the reasons for that remarkable change by considering the evolution of artillery during the Great War

7 Slide 7 The Pre War Artillery Revolution In the American Civil War and the Franco Prussian War as this picture depicts artillery were located close behind their infantry, and shot directly at the enemy infantry some metres away. In other words the gun crews could see their opponents, line their sites by eye and fire directly at the enemy just as a soldier did with his rifle. The main reason for this close proximity of the guns to the frontline was because the smooth bore rifles used by infantry back then only had a lethal range of about 50 metres, and a competent soldier could only get off one round per minute in combat conditions.

8 Slide 8 The Pre War Artillery Revolution By 1900 the infantry in all European armies were equipped with newer bolt action magazine rifles that enabled competent soldiers to accurately fire 5+ shots a minute at ranges well in excess of 500 metres. Consequently, this increased rifle lethality meant that artillery gunners within rifle distance of a battle were then placed at severe risk.

9 Slide 9 The Pre War Artillery Revolution The extended killing field of the rifle had consequences for artillery doctrines By the start of the Great War the artillery doctrines (policies) of European armies meant that by 1914 their guns were generally located well to the rear of their front line infantry, preferably behind hills or in woodlands, for greater protection

10 Slide 10 The Pre war Artillery Revolution Because Artillerymen could no longer view their targets directly over open sites they resorted to using indirect fire whereby they shot at targets defined by map coordinates relayed to the gunners by an observer. To illustrate the impact of the artillery evolution in the early months of the war, at a distance of 3 kilometres a battery of just four French 75mm guns in 1914 had the killing power of about 70 of the older type 1870 weapons. So even at the beginning of the War we can begin to see reasons why artillery casualty rates would be higher than in previous conflicts.

11 Slide 11 The Pre war Artillery Revolution This is a photo of an older style gun used by the Turks to protect the Dardanelles Strait. In all guns such as this, manufactured before 1898, the gun barrel was attached directly to the gun carriage, and the mounting as well as the breech (bottom) end of the barrel were heavily reinforced, because these points had to absorb the enormous force from the blast. As is illustrated here, these older weapons needed to be extremely heavy in order to reduce the backward movement of the weapon upon firing. While weapons such as this could fire large shells over long distances, the backward movement upon firing (The Recoil) meant that it was inherently difficult to place the gun back in its exact firing location, so that it could fire its next shot accurately. What this meant was that at a range of 6,000 metres a re-positioning deviation of just one degree would result in the second shell landing more than 200 metres from the first shot. Consequently, during the Great War it was virtually impossible for pre 1898 guns (and Batteries) to fire a reasonably accurate barrage at a given target.

12 Slide 12 The Pre War Artillery Revolution 1898 Resolution of the Gun Recoil problem In 1897 French engineers solved this re-coil problem by using hydraulics. They designed a gun barrel to slide along a trough, and as the barrel moved backwards after firing, it compressed a cylinder filled with air and oil, which absorbed the force generated by the expanding gases in the barrel. This meant the backward movement of the barrel could be absorbed in the hydraulic system, thereby leaving the base of the gun in the same place.

13 Slide 13..

14 Slide 14 The Pre War Artillery Revolution The French 75 mm Because the hydraulic cylinder could absorb the blast, the gun barrel and the carriage could be considerably lighter. Consequently the gun could be transported more easily, set up relatively quickly and fired more rapidly. When fired, the carriage remained in exactly the same position, thereby allowing it to place sequential rounds accurately on a given target. This change was revolutionary. The French 75mm could fire up to twenty rounds in a minute while the older guns it replaced could fire only three.

15 Slide 15 The Pre War Artillery Revolution Trajectories & Gun Types Field guns such as the French 75, the British 18 Pounder and the German 77mm Felkanone had low elevations (up to 16 degrees) which meant the missiles they fired maintained a relatively flat trajectory over long distances. As the name implies these guns were designed to shell massed infantry on open and flat terrain, which, before 1914 had always been the way that previous conflicts had been fought. The effectiveness of field guns was restricted by topography (hills, ravines, ridges and forests) and by man made objects such as concrete bunkers and deep trenches. Because of their flat trajectory a field gun was relatively ineefective when aiming at targets on the lee side of a hill. For example, a battery of 75s could fire hundreds of shells at a target emplaced in the dead space behind a 200 metre high hill. Without landing a hit. The alternative artillery piece to the low trajectory Field Gun was the howitzer which could lob (small and large) shells at a steep angle over relatively short distances.

16 Slide 16 The Pre War Artillery Revolution Shrapnel V High Explosive Shells

17 Slide 17 British 18 Pounder Field Gun Australian 18 pound field gun in action 3 rd Ypres 1917 Note the flat terrain, which would have been suited for shrapnel shells, IF the enemy was above ground

18 Slide 18 Shrapnel Shell Both the French and British Artillery Doctrines of 1914 were based primarily on field guns using line of sight firing of shrapnel shells to be used against enemy infantry and cavalry units manoeuvring on relatively flat and open terrain. Shrapnel shells such as those fired by the British 18 Pounders and the French 75s fired a shell fused to explode in the air (eg 75 metres above ground) at a nominated distance (say 2,000 metres) above the heads of exposed infantry and cavalry. Each shrapnel shell fired by a British 18 Pounder delivered and ejected 374 X 2cm metal balls in an airburst above a nominated target. This would have been extremely effective for killing exposed men and horses on the open plains of the African veldt. The problem was however, that from late 1914 on the German army on the Western Front entrenched and dug deep underground. Consequently shrapnel airburst shells were largely ineffective against deeply fortified defensive positions and the barbed wire entanglements placed in front of them. Despite this reality, the British army persisted for a further three years and continued to primarily use that type of ammunition. Because of their poor experience with HE shells in the Boer war, for much of the Great War the British artillery predominantly preferred to use shrapnel shells. These proved largely ineffective in achieving trench war objectives such as cutting barbed wire, destroying trenches and key defensive strong points or impacting on enemy soldiers sheltered in deep under-ground dugouts.

19

20 Slide 19 High Explosive Shells Big and Bigger HE Shells

21 Slide 20 High Explosive Shell Holes HE Shell Craters Small to medium calibre

22 Slide 21 HE Shell Craters Craters formed by HE shells not Shrapnel

23 Slide 22 The Pre War Artillery Revolution The Artillery Registration Problem Early in the war the gunners in all armies had a problem with variability meaning that it was difficult for them to consistently place their shots reasonably close to a given target. This problem was caused by two factors the vagaries of weather conditions such as wind and rain, AND the characteristics of individual guns. To ensure accuracy and consistency with their barrages, a process of registration was employed. Prior to commencing a barrage against the enemy each gun was involved in carrying out a series of test-firings. A gun would fire a test shot at a target, and forward observers would report the extent to which it missed (long, short, left, right). Adjustments would be made to the gun settings and another short fired. Eventually the adjustments required for a given gun and its ammunition, taking into account factors such as wind and rain, would be calculated, and the registration process would be completed. Then each gun in a battery could commence rapid firing reasonably accurately on its nominated target. The problems with this registration process was that it took a considerable amount of time, and moreover its use signalled a clear early warning to the other side that a barrage / attack was about to take place. The German solution to this problem involved test firing each individual gun at a location well back from the front, to determine its performance as an individual weapon in a range of different atmospheric conditions.

24 Each German gun-crew could subsequently ascertain the prevailing weather conditions and then refer to a chart and map reference alone to fire on a nominated target at a designated time without alerting their opposing Allies enemy of an imminent attack.

25 Slide 23 The Pre War Artillery Revolution By 1910 the armies of all the major European powers had discarded their mechanical- recoil field guns and had brought new hydraulic recoil weapons into service. However most of the heavier howitzer guns of the British and French armies continued to be of the old style recoil types. If you observe media footage of this type of gun firing, note the recoil movement which would measure some metres. However this was not the case with Howitzer type guns with recoil mechanisms whereas the 1914 German howitzers already employed the hydraulic mechanism, up until as late as 1917 many British & French howitzers used outdated and less effective recoil mechanisms.

26 Slide 24 A German Heavy Howitzer Note the high elevation of the barrel, its wide diameter and four oil filled recoil cylinders, and its relative mobility for such a large weapon.

27 Slide 25 Australian Battery of 8 Inch Howitzers NB With hydraulic recoil mechanisms - Probably summer 1918

28 Slide 26 German Minenwerfer German Minenwerfer (A mobile front line light howitzer)

29 Slide 27 German soldiers towing a 147 kg Minenwerfer Mobility was a key feature.

Canadian History 1201 Unit 2. Canada in the First World War

Canadian History 1201 Unit 2. Canada in the First World War Canadian History 1201 Unit 2 Canada in the First World War Student Workbook 2.2 Student Name: SCO 2.0: The student will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of Canada s involvement in the First

More information

ARMIES OF THE 18 TH CENTURY

ARMIES OF THE 18 TH CENTURY ARMIES OF THE 18 TH CENTURY I. THE INFANTRY "Napoleon's got a bunch of the toughest, hammered down, ironed out roughnecks you ever saw, from generals down to buck privates. And he just said, "Sic 'em,

More information

The Battle of Messines

The Battle of Messines N E W Z E A L A N D E R S A T M E S E N T H E B AT T L E O F M E S S I N E S 7 J U N E 1 9 1 7 The Battle of Messines The West Belgian village of Mesen forms part of New Zealand s history, remembered on

More information

ONE IF BY LAND" - AMERICAN 1:10 SCALE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE RULES by Bob Bergman. Infantry/Cavalry figure 10 men Artillery crew figure 5 men

ONE IF BY LAND - AMERICAN 1:10 SCALE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE RULES by Bob Bergman. Infantry/Cavalry figure 10 men Artillery crew figure 5 men ONE IF BY LAND" - AMERICAN 1:10 SCALE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE RULES by Bob Bergman Ground Scale 1 inch = 15 yards One Turn About five minutes Infantry/Cavalry figure 10 men Artillery crew figure 5 men Artillery

More information

TRENCH RAIDER: World War I Wargaming in Ten Minutes by David Raybin 2014

TRENCH RAIDER: World War I Wargaming in Ten Minutes by David Raybin 2014 TRENCH RAIDER: World War I Wargaming in Ten Minutes by David Raybin 2014 INTRODUCTION Instead of a generic set of WW1 rules I determined to make the rules fit the game scenario rather than the other way

More information

UNIVERSAL MACHINE-GUN cal. 7,62 mm vz. 59L

UNIVERSAL MACHINE-GUN cal. 7,62 mm vz. 59L 7,62 UG 59L UNIVERSAL MACHINE-GUN cal. 7,62 mm vz. 59L This is automatic machine-gun with replaceable, air-cooled barrel determinated to destroy uncovered and personnel targets (single or groups) and weak

More information

Bundok and Bayonet Colonial Wargames Rules by Bob Cordery

Bundok and Bayonet Colonial Wargames Rules by Bob Cordery Introduction Bundok and Bayonet Colonial Wargames Rules by Bob Cordery Part 1 - The Basic Rules The following Colonial Wargames rules were written for my own personal use and reflect my philosophy that

More information

III Corps: The Somme 1916

III Corps: The Somme 1916 III Corps: The Somme 1916 A Card Wargame of World War I Neal Reid 2016 Published by Vexillia Limited www.vexillia.com Contents 1. Introduction 3 2. Historical Background 3 3. Setting Up The Game 6 Acknowledgements

More information

Introduction:... 4 Character Classes;... 4 Weapons:... 4 Organisation:... 4 Actions:... 5 Movement:... 5 Shooting:... 5 To Hit:...

Introduction:... 4 Character Classes;... 4 Weapons:... 4 Organisation:... 4 Actions:... 5 Movement:... 5 Shooting:... 5 To Hit:... State of war A.C.W. Skirmish Wargame Rules Tyneside Wargames club Version 1a 1 2 Table of contents Introduction:... 4 Character Classes;... 4 Weapons:... 4 Organisation:... 4 Actions:... 5 Movement:...

More information

Weapons and Military in the Civil War

Weapons and Military in the Civil War Weapons and Military in the Civil War Uniforms of the Civil War Uniforms of the North Blue, zouaves wore oriental-style uniforms () Uniforms of the Civil War Uniforms of the South Gray Trace Adkins A grizzled

More information

FIRETEAM Wargame Rules for Modern Combat Operations

FIRETEAM Wargame Rules for Modern Combat Operations FIRETEAM Wargame Rules for Modern Combat Operations By Rory Crabb Written By Rory Crabb Version 1.0 July 2016 Miniatures from the collection of the author and terrain by Paul Davies 1 FIRETEAM Wargame

More information

The Horror of Trench Warfare. World War I

The Horror of Trench Warfare. World War I The Horror of Trench Warfare World War I War in Europe (1) The Western Front The war became a stalemate- trench warfare Trenches were long ditches surrounded by barbed wire to protect the troops. A WWI

More information

Global Command Series. Fortifications v1.0. A Global War 2 nd Edition 3d Printed Expansion Historical Board Gaming

Global Command Series. Fortifications v1.0. A Global War 2 nd Edition 3d Printed Expansion Historical Board Gaming Overview Global Command Series Fortifications v1.0 A Global War 2 nd Edition 3d Printed Expansion Historical Board Gaming This set features rules for many different types of fortifications, sold separately

More information

Part A - Canada and the South African War

Part A - Canada and the South African War Part A - Canada and the South African War 1. What name was the South African War also known as? The Boer War 2. What European country did the Boer settlers in southern Africa originally come from? The

More information

Exploding Flame Devices GENERAL INFORMATION. Components FM 3-11/MCRP CHAPTER 4

Exploding Flame Devices GENERAL INFORMATION. Components FM 3-11/MCRP CHAPTER 4 CHAPTER 4 Exploding Flame Devices Historically, exploding flame devices have been employed with great success in combat. In the Korean Conflict, the 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division, inflicted

More information

BATTLEFIELDS OF THE GREAT WAR

BATTLEFIELDS OF THE GREAT WAR BATTLEFIELDS OF THE GREAT WAR Paris The Western Front 1914-1918 Battle of Ypres Battle of Ypres 1915: April 22 to 24, 1915 Location: Near Ypres, Belgium Canadian Troops: 1st Canadian Division Results:

More information

About Horse Artillery with comments from Johann Gottfried Hoyer, c1798 Translated by Geert van Uythoven

About Horse Artillery with comments from Johann Gottfried Hoyer, c1798 Translated by Geert van Uythoven About Horse Artillery with comments from Johann Gottfried Hoyer, c1798 Translated by Geert van Uythoven It is not known who the officer was that originally wrote this article for the Neues Militairisches

More information

The Battle of Batoche (May 9-12, 1885) The Battle of Batoche, which occurred from May 9 to May 12, 1885,

The Battle of Batoche (May 9-12, 1885) The Battle of Batoche, which occurred from May 9 to May 12, 1885, The Battle of Batoche (May 9-12, 1885) The Battle of Batoche, which occurred from May 9 to May 12, 1885, was a cataclysmic event. After the previous battles of Duck Lake (March 26) and Fish Creek (April

More information

X Corps: The Somme 1916

X Corps: The Somme 1916 X Corps: The Somme 1916 A Card Wargame of World War I Neal Reid 2016 Published by Vexillia Limited www.vexillia.com Contents 1. Introduction 3 2. Historical Background 3 3. Game Overview 6 4. Setting Up

More information

A Difficult Affair II (Kursk, July 1943)

A Difficult Affair II (Kursk, July 1943) A Difficult Affair II (Kursk, July 1943) ".. probably dummy positions." Unknown air liaison officer with Panzer Division Grossdeutschland. On the afternoon of July 4th 1943, as preparation for the great

More information

War Academies and War Plans

War Academies and War Plans 1 War Academies and War Plans Despite Helmuth von Moltke the Elder s sage counsel that no plan of military operations could extend accurately beyond the first serious contact with an enemy, both German

More information

World War I soldiers brightened the trenches with glowworms.

World War I soldiers brightened the trenches with glowworms. Animals that helped the War effort WW1-Workshop 3 http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/0/ww1/28589438 Animation link World War I soldiers brightened the trenches with glowworms. One of the most unlikely nonhuman

More information

Principality of Zeon Units

Principality of Zeon Units Principality of Zeon Units (Principality of Zeon) ZAKU I 3 5 [D6 (6) (+1)] 12 4 [D6 (6)] 105mm Machine Gun [Short] (18 ) ZMP-47D Machine Gun [Medium] (30 ) 280mm Zaku Bazooka [Medium] (30 )

More information

Firearms: Revolvers & SemiSemi-Automatic Pistols

Firearms: Revolvers & SemiSemi-Automatic Pistols Firearms: Revolvers & SemiSemi-Automatic Pistols Black Market Price: $750.00 The Smith & Wesson Model 29 is a powerful, six-shot, double-action revolver chambered for the.44 Magnum cartridge; manufactured

More information

The Battle for Fromelles

The Battle for Fromelles The Battle for Fromelles the st Australian Imperial Forces first major battle on the Western Front Matt Walsh Table of content Topic Introduction The Fromelles Area The Australians (5 th Division) Extract

More information

To begin OMOG requires a few things.

To begin OMOG requires a few things. Omog (One Man One Gun) is a game for toy soldiers and any available space. It can be played on a desktop, a coffee table, a countertop or other surface. The game itself is simple, easy to learn and easy

More information

FM DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY FIELD MANUAL

FM DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY FIELD MANUAL FM 23-23 DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY FIELD MANUAL ANTIPERSONNEL MINE M18A1 AND M18 (CLAYMORE) This copy is a reprint which includes current pages from Changes 1 and 2. HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY JANUARY

More information

Defensive (Combat) Accuracy

Defensive (Combat) Accuracy I. Introduction Defensive (Combat) Accuracy 02/17/2010 Surprisingly, to date, with all the information available on the subject of defensive shooting very little has been said about the very important

More information

Shooters Ridge 10/22 Magazine Troubleshooting Guide (Questions and answers apply to all SR 10/22 magazines unless noted)

Shooters Ridge 10/22 Magazine Troubleshooting Guide (Questions and answers apply to all SR 10/22 magazines unless noted) Shooters Ridge 10/22 Magazine Troubleshooting Guide (Questions and answers apply to all SR 10/22 magazines unless noted) BACKGROUND This troubleshooting guide is designed to help consumers with any problems

More information

Stepping Up to Version 3 by Phil Yates

Stepping Up to Version 3 by Phil Yates Stepping Up to Version 3 by Phil Yates With the arrival of Version 3, lots of existing players are asking the obvious question: What s changed?. To answer this question, I ve written this document as a

More information

FIRING ON THE GROUND TARGETS USING AIR UNGUIDED MISSILES

FIRING ON THE GROUND TARGETS USING AIR UNGUIDED MISSILES FIRING ON THE GROUND TARGETS USING AIR UNGUIDED MISSILES Miroslav JANOŠEK Abstract: In this article I will discuss air supporting ground forces in combat activity. The main topic is firing with air-to-ground

More information

Smallbore rifle CZ99 PRECISION..22 Long Rifle.22 Win. Mag. R.F..17 Hornnady Mag. R.F.

Smallbore rifle CZ99 PRECISION..22 Long Rifle.22 Win. Mag. R.F..17 Hornnady Mag. R.F. Smallbore rifle CZ99 PRECISION.22 Long Rifle.22 Win. Mag. R.F..17 Hornnady Mag. R.F. Fig. 1 22. Long Rifle, Model CZ 99 PRECISION 22 Long Rifle 22 Long Rifle for Sound Moderator 22 Win. Mag. R. F. 17

More information

HISTORY DESIGN SAFETY

HISTORY DESIGN SAFETY GLOCK 17 HISTORY The Glock 17, designed by Gaston Glock, was adopted by the Austrian Army as its service pistol in 1982. As an Austrian engineer with no prior firearms design experience, this was Glock

More information

War Diary, Machine Gun Corps, from

War Diary, Machine Gun Corps, from War Diary, Machine Gun Corps, from http://www.powell76.talktalk.net/mametz.htm MAMETZ WOOD DAY 1-7th JULY 1916 Following the early fighting on the Somme the British Army had pressed the German Army back

More information

3rd Edition RULES OF PLAY

3rd Edition RULES OF PLAY Command & Colors Napoleonics 1 Game Design by Richard Borg 3rd Edition RULES OF PLAY 2 Command & Colors Napoleonics The battlefield is a scene of constant chaos. The winner will be the one who controls

More information

Corinth Canal Scenario Pack Historicon

Corinth Canal Scenario Pack Historicon Corinth Canal Scenario Pack 2016 Historicon July 16, 2016 Race For The Corinth Canal Commonwealth Platoons 1 and 2 represent elements of 2/6 Australian Infantry and start the game in foholes. Commonwealth

More information

DEFENSE ROLL Roll defending pilot s Skill (2 dice) plus these modifiers: Maneuver The current Maneuver rating of the vehicle

DEFENSE ROLL Roll defending pilot s Skill (2 dice) plus these modifiers: Maneuver The current Maneuver rating of the vehicle DREAM POD 9 D E M O G A M E TERRAIN COSTS REERENCE CHART Terrain Type Walker MP Ground MP Obscurement Clear 1 1 0 DEENSE ROLL Roll defending pilot s Skill (2 dice) plus these modifiers: Maneuver The current

More information

Rifle Calibers and their killing ability

Rifle Calibers and their killing ability Rifle Calibers and their killing ability Information obtained from the booklet The Ability of Firearm Cartridges compiled by Mr. Fanie Combrink from Magnum Arms South Africa. Definition of the concept:

More information

FITA Coach s Manual. CLOUT ARCHERY Module. Intermediate Level

FITA Coach s Manual. CLOUT ARCHERY Module. Intermediate Level FITA Coach s Manual CLOUT ARCHERY Module Intermediate Level FITA Coaching Manual Intermediate Level Module Contents CLOUT ARCHERY The Clout Round Description 2 Some Rules 3 Aiming 3 Shooting Form 4 Shooting

More information

CHAPTER 1 US ARMY HANDGUNS

CHAPTER 1 US ARMY HANDGUNS CHAPTER 1 US ARMY HANDGUNS 1-1. PISTOL, SEMIAUTOMATIC, 9-MM, M9 The M9 pistol is a 9-mm semiautomatic, magazinefed, recoil-operated, double-action weapon chambered for the 9-mm cartridge. The magazine

More information

Britains figures - Arabs of the Desert

Britains figures - Arabs of the Desert Britains figures - Arabs of the Desert Introduction Arabs of the Desert. From Source 4. Britains produced their first set of Bedouin Arabs, in 1911, and in various configurations continued to do so until

More information

CHECK OUT OUR WEBSITE SOME TIME FOR PLENTY OF ARTICES ABOUT SELF DEFENSE, SURVIVAL, FIREARMS AND MILITARY MANUALS.

CHECK OUT OUR WEBSITE SOME TIME FOR PLENTY OF ARTICES ABOUT SELF DEFENSE, SURVIVAL, FIREARMS AND MILITARY MANUALS. CHECK OUT OUR WEBSITE SOME TIME FOR PLENTY OF ARTICES ABOUT SELF DEFENSE, SURVIVAL, FIREARMS AND MILITARY MANUALS. http://www.survivalebooks.com/ Thank you for purchasing our ebook package. *TB 9-1000-237-12

More information

Tactical Briefs (Volume 2, Number 7) July 1999

Tactical Briefs (Volume 2, Number 7) July 1999 Terminal Performance of MPB Quik-Shok, CCI Stinger and Remington Viper.22 Long Rifle Ammunition when fired from a Beretta Model 21A Handgun into Standard Ordnance Gelatin Introduction We recently tested

More information

WARHAMMER 40,000 HOUSE RULES EDITION V1.3

WARHAMMER 40,000 HOUSE RULES EDITION V1.3 WARHAMMER 40,000 HOUSE RULES EDITION V1.3 THE TURN UNIT ACTIVATIONS Before the game begins the players must each place an appropriate number of tokens (with markings or colours specific to that player)

More information

Bolt Action Errata. Bolt Action rulebook

Bolt Action Errata. Bolt Action rulebook Bolt Action Errata We have compiled a list of errata for Bolt Action dealing with the various rules questions that have arisen including corrections of points values. We have not thought it worthwhile

More information

VR1 Owner s Manual. Vigilance Rifles, Inc Plum Lane Redlands, CA P F

VR1 Owner s Manual. Vigilance Rifles, Inc Plum Lane Redlands, CA P F VR1 Owner s Manual Vigilance Rifles, Inc. 1653 Plum Lane Redlands, CA 92374 P 909.307.8877 F 909.307.8866 www.vigilancerifles.com INTRODUCTION: Vigilance Rifles offers a new line of Semi-Automatic Rifles

More information

Cannon Ball Primer By Rusty Edwards

Cannon Ball Primer By Rusty Edwards Cannon Ball Primer By Rusty Edwards People frequently ask me if an iron ball they found or bought is a cannon ball? If it is, they want to know how old it is, what type of cannon fired it, and which conflict

More information

Char Renault D2 Tier III Medium Tank

Char Renault D2 Tier III Medium Tank Char Renault D2 Tier III Medium Tank Overview: The D2 is a Tier III medium tank. It starts off with a gun with poor penetration so it would be best to pick another gun. Like its predecessor, the D2 has

More information

Battalion Commander's Summary

Battalion Commander's Summary Command Decision is a platoon-based game using a ground scale and time scale which allows the full play of 20th Century mechanized maneuver combat on a game table. Its emphasis on command, troop quality,

More information

Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare Sniper Guide

Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare Sniper Guide Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare Sniper Guide Hi, my name is Quadfather and I am a new member to the Gamewinners website. I play Call of Duty 4 on the PC under the name Anarchy Club. I really like to cheat.

More information

Soldiers Cuthbert Bromley VC

Soldiers Cuthbert Bromley VC Soldiers Cuthbert Bromley VC The following information is for teachers to utilise in planning classroom activities. Seaford resident Cuthbert Bromley distinguished himself during the Gallipoli landings

More information

DELTA RIFLE S DISPATCH

DELTA RIFLE S DISPATCH DELTA RIFLE S DISPATCH January 2013 Cedartown: A Day of Thunder The Delta Rifles recently sponsored the first 2013 Deep South Skirmish at Leonard Draper s property near Cedartown, GA. The event was scheduled

More information

Matt Walsh BATTLE OF POLYGON WOOD

Matt Walsh BATTLE OF POLYGON WOOD Matt Walsh BATTLE OF POLYGON WOOD Table of Content Topic Introduction Setting the Scene The Year 1917 The Australians Quote by Sir Douglas Haig- re the Australians The Flammenwerfer (German Flamethrower)

More information

Le Baton (Because Napoleonics is serious business)

Le Baton (Because Napoleonics is serious business) Le Baton (Because Napoleonics is serious business) One Page, Brigade level Napoleonics rules for 25mm figures (And in case you re wondering, there are no rules in any of this drivel) By Clay Smith and

More information

Advance of the Reich Notes

Advance of the Reich Notes Advance of the Reich Notes 1. Scope This game is designed to cover squad-level battles on the Eastern Front from 1941 through the end of 1942. Given this scope, the game becomes at the same time a very

More information

THE BIG PUSH Big Push Demonstration and Scenario, revised 7/1/2016

THE BIG PUSH Big Push Demonstration and Scenario, revised 7/1/2016 THE BIG PUSH Big Push Demonstration and Scenario, revised 7/1/2016 THE FIGHT FOR THIEPVAL RIDGE By Paul Rohrbaugh Play Area: Rows 7 through 16 inclusive, columns C through I (also inclusive). Scenario

More information

DEMONSTRATE WEAPONS CARRIES WITH A SERVICE RIFLE

DEMONSTRATE WEAPONS CARRIES WITH A SERVICE RIFLE DEMONSTRATE WEAPONS CARRIES WITH A SERVICE RIFLE 1 OVERVIEW Four Safety Rules Transports for the Service Rifle Weapons Carries Weapons Transfers 2 TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE Given a service rifle, individual

More information

Muzzleloading Pistol Only

Muzzleloading Pistol Only T/C Patriot Use & Loading Supplement Suggested Black Powder & Pyrodex Loads For The T/C Patriot Note: This Model is Out of Production. For Reference Use Only. Muzzleloading Pistol Only Read and Understand

More information

Volley and Bayonet, Road to Glory. American Revolution Period Specific Rules. Jeff Glasco ( 2011)

Volley and Bayonet, Road to Glory. American Revolution Period Specific Rules. Jeff Glasco ( 2011) Revised July 2011 Volley and Bayonet, Road to Glory American Revolution Period Specific Rules Jeff Glasco ( 2011) Volley and Bayonet is copy written by Frank Chadwick and Greg Novak. Additional rules by

More information

A Battlefront WW2 Modern Scenario for 2 players and an Umpire

A Battlefront WW2 Modern Scenario for 2 players and an Umpire First Clash Part 1 Ambush at Favorite A Battlefront WW2 Modern Scenario for 2 players and an Umpire Overview World War Three D+48hrs On the afternoon of 25 th June 1984 the Soviet 1 st Guards Tank Division

More information

MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS

MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS 20 Sergeant Rodger W. Young Company B, 148th Infantry July 31, 1943 - New Georgia, Solomon Islands For distinguishing himself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity above

More information

NAVAL ORDNANCE. After the class discussion, the students are expected to:

NAVAL ORDNANCE. After the class discussion, the students are expected to: Learning Outcome: NAVAL ORDNANCE After the class discussion, the students are expected to: Be able to know the different naval ordnance terms Be able to distinguish explosive ordnance from inert ordnance

More information

The Employment of Sniper in Modern Battlefield

The Employment of Sniper in Modern Battlefield The Employment of Sniper in Modern Battlefield Erdem Barışık * Gökhan Baltacıoğlu ** * War Colleges Command, Army War College, Yenilevent-34330, İstanbul, Turkey. Tel: +90 212 398-0100, e-mail: erdembrsk@gmail.com

More information

Soldiers Sidney Woodroffe VC

Soldiers Sidney Woodroffe VC Soldiers Sidney Woodroffe VC The following information is for teachers to utilise in planning classroom activities. Lewes resident Sidney Woodroffe was awarded the Victoria Cross for the heroism on the

More information

FULL METAL M4 COBRA ASSAULT RIFLE HANDLING & INSTRUCTIONS MANUAL

FULL METAL M4 COBRA ASSAULT RIFLE HANDLING & INSTRUCTIONS MANUAL ITEM NO. 3500 FULL METAL M4 COBRA ASSAULT RIFLE HANDLING & INSTRUCTIONS MANUAL ignite-blackops.com Manufactured & Distributed by 2012 Bear River International, LLC Logan, UT 84321 All Rights Reserved MADE

More information

Order Code. Test reaction if:

Order Code. Test reaction if: Move Sequence in each period 1. Dice for arrivals and returns 2. Test reaction for first time in charge reach or shot at 3. Declare and Test for charges. Test Reaction for all other causes 5. Charge Response,

More information

Shotgun Chokes Which choke should I use?

Shotgun Chokes Which choke should I use? Shotgun Chokes Which choke should I use? Introduction This article is intended to provide a basic guide for the beginner to clay target shooting and help those people deciding what chokes to buy. Chokes

More information

Next Generation Proline the finest in Airsoft

Next Generation Proline the finest in Airsoft Next Generation Proline the finest in Airsoft Next Generation Proline series also consists of these refined components: Heat-resistant electric switch assembly Extremely solid shoulder stock Motor cover

More information

Making a 2700-Yard Shot

Making a 2700-Yard Shot Making a 2700-Yard Shot By Major John L. Plaster, USA (ret) Just how feasible is it to make a shot at 2700 yards? A British sniper, Corporal Craig Harrison, recently set a new world record in Afghanistan

More information

INSTRUCTION MANUAL CZ 630/631

INSTRUCTION MANUAL CZ 630/631 INSTRUCTION MANUAL CZ 630/631 Before handling the air rifle read this manual carefully and observe the following safety instructions. Improper and careless handling of the air rifle could result in unintentional

More information

BUGS! MAN TO BUG COMBAT IN THE DISTANT FUTURE

BUGS! MAN TO BUG COMBAT IN THE DISTANT FUTURE BUGS! MAN TO BUG COMBAT IN THE DISTANT FUTURE 2 Hour Wargames What s with the free games? We re giving away six free games to anyone that wants them. All are available for you to download in PDF form.

More information

The Maximilian Adventure

The Maximilian Adventure The Maximilian Adventure FRENCH FORCES The French forces sent to Mexico by the Emperor Napoleon III were tasked with defeating what was seen as the ineffective government of Mexico and establishing a client

More information

Battle of Waterloo. 18 June 1815

Battle of Waterloo. 18 June 1815 Battle of Waterloo 18 June 1815 DUKE OF WELLINGTON May 1769 September 1852 METHODICAL, CALCULATING, THOROUGH, INSIGHTFUL, NEVER DEFEATED WELLINGTON All the business in life, is to endeavour to find out

More information

Varmint Rifle Accuracy Versus Target Size and Distance

Varmint Rifle Accuracy Versus Target Size and Distance Chapter 3 Varmint Rifle Accuracy Versus Target Size and Distance The evolution of cartridge design and the development of powders, bullets, and rifles capable of delivering exceptional accuracy have generated

More information

War Game Rules for The Great War of 1894 employing Captain H.R. Gall s Tactical Model

War Game Rules for The Great War of 1894 employing Captain H.R. Gall s Tactical Model War Game Rules for The Great War of 1894 employing Captain H.R. Gall s Tactical Model OR rules to fight imaginary battles based on future wars literature published before the First World War such as The

More information

Major Battles of the Texas Revolution. The Battle of Gonzales The Battle of the Alamo The Battle of Goliad The Battle of San Jacinto

Major Battles of the Texas Revolution. The Battle of Gonzales The Battle of the Alamo The Battle of Goliad The Battle of San Jacinto Major Battles of the Texas Revolution The Battle of Gonzales The Battle of the Alamo The Battle of Goliad The Battle of San Jacinto The Battle of Gonzales October 2, 1835 1st battle between the Texan colonists

More information

EMPLOYMENT AND EFFECTS OF WEAPONS

EMPLOYMENT AND EFFECTS OF WEAPONS CHAPTER 8 EMPLOYMENT AND EFFECTS OF WEAPONS This chapter supplements the technical manuals and field manuals that describe weapons capabilities and effects against generic targets. It focuses on specific

More information

THE 12TH DIVISION IN THE FIRST DAY OF THE BATTLE OF THE SOMME

THE 12TH DIVISION IN THE FIRST DAY OF THE BATTLE OF THE SOMME THE 12TH DIVISION IN THE FIRST DAY OF THE BATTLE OF THE SOMME By Gefreiter Gerhard Dreisbach, J.R. 23 The rather sketchy history we have of the activities of the 12th division at the battle of the Somme

More information

FM CHAPTER 3. Movement GENERAL

FM CHAPTER 3. Movement GENERAL CHAPTER 3 Movement GENERAL Normally, you will spend more time moving than fighting. You must use proper movement techniques to avoid contact with the enemy when you are not prepared for contact. The fundamentals

More information

Ballistic Data Cards by Major John L. Plaster

Ballistic Data Cards by Major John L. Plaster Ballistic Data Cards by Major John L. Plaster Years ago I coined the axiom, "You cannot shoot more precisely than you can aim," to underline the importance of a crisply focused reticle, properly set elevation

More information

Command Combat: Civil War The Battle of Bull Run / Manassas July 21, 1861

Command Combat: Civil War The Battle of Bull Run / Manassas July 21, 1861 Command Combat: Civil War The Battle of Bull Run / Manassas July 21, 1861 Game Design by Jeff McArthur (c) Bandwagon Books, 2011 This scenario is from the Command Combat: Civil War series. To learn more

More information

We hope you enjoy this added dimension to Rivet Wars and thank you for Getting in the Fight!

We hope you enjoy this added dimension to Rivet Wars and thank you for Getting in the Fight! Rivet Wars: Armies version 2.0 Release Version Rivet Wars: Armies is a rule set that allows Rivet Wars players to take their game to the tabletop. During the kickstarter for Rivet Wars there was a growing

More information

Mechanical System Simulation of the XM307 Advanced Crew Served Weapon

Mechanical System Simulation of the XM307 Advanced Crew Served Weapon National Defense Industrial Association Joint Services Small Arms Systems Annual Symposium May 7-10 2007 Mechanical System Simulation of the XM307 Advanced Crew Served Weapon Presenter: Callista Rodriguez

More information

The Charge of the Light Brigade. Alfred Lord Tennyson

The Charge of the Light Brigade. Alfred Lord Tennyson The Charge of the Light Brigade Alfred Lord Tennyson Born on August 6, 1809, in Somersby, Lincolnshire, England, Alfred Tennyson is one of the most well-loved Victorian poets. Tennyson, the fourth of twelve

More information

Armies in Plastic Inc. Catalog

Armies in Plastic Inc. Catalog Armies in Plastic Inc. Catalog Business Hours: 10am to 5pm est. Monday thru Saturday Shop Securely Online: https://www.armiesinplastic.com Table of Contents - Product Categories American Civil War Pages

More information

ARTILLERY MATCHES (MORTARS)

ARTILLERY MATCHES (MORTARS) ARTILLERY MATCHES (MORTARS) IMPORTANT NOTICE The use of the term approved by the ACWSA or its designated representative(s) shall mean that the mortar in question has been found to meet the dimension, configuration,

More information

Black Powder Tactical Commander

Black Powder Tactical Commander 1 Black Powder Tactical Commander FastPlay Tabletop Wargame Rules for the Black Powder Period FastPlay Tabletop Wargame Rules for the Black Powder Period Table of Contents INTRODUCTION... 7 Miniatures...

More information

Fabarm. martial ultrashort DEMAND RESPECT

Fabarm. martial ultrashort DEMAND RESPECT 10 11 DEMAND RESPECT Fabarm martial ultrashort By Chris Blatherwick W e received a beautiful Italian made FABARM Martial Ultrashort 14" SBS (short barrelled shotgun) for testing and review. The Ultrashort

More information

M16 R / M1600 R USER S MANUAL WARNING: READ THE INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS IN THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THIS FIREARM.

M16 R / M1600 R USER S MANUAL WARNING: READ THE INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS IN THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THIS FIREARM. ARMSCOR M16 R / M1600 R USER S MANUAL WARNING: READ THE INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS IN THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THIS FIREARM. DISCHARGING FIREARMS IN POOLY VENTILATED AREAS, CLEANING

More information

RIFLE QUICK KILL - US ARMY TT

RIFLE QUICK KILL - US ARMY TT RIFLE QUICK KILL - US ARMY TT 23-71-1 US Army publication: TT 23-71-1, is a training text on the fast and accurate method of fire called Rifle Quick Kill, and Basic Rifle Marksmanship. Rifle Quick Kill

More information

Bathtub Operation Luttich (Mortain) 7 th August, A Flames of War Grand Battle Scenario

Bathtub Operation Luttich (Mortain) 7 th August, A Flames of War Grand Battle Scenario Bathtub Operation Luttich (Mortain) 7 th August, 1944 A Flames of War Grand Battle Scenario Operation Luttich was Hitler s desperate gamble to seal off the penetration made by the American forces during

More information

ARMIES OF THE SEVEN YEARS WAR

ARMIES OF THE SEVEN YEARS WAR ARMIES OF THE SEVEN YEARS WAR The Seven Years War was fought on three continents and involved all of the Great Powers of the day. But at the center of it all was the province of Silesia. Frederick had

More information

Pig Wars Late Medieval Variant

Pig Wars Late Medieval Variant Pig Wars Late Medieval Variant 1337 to 1485 Introduction Pig Wars LMV is a variant of Tod Kershner s Pig Wars Dark Age skirmish rules that covers the period of the Hundred Years War to the end of the Wars

More information

Appendix 5 NRA INSTRUCTOR TRAINING PROGRAM PRE-COURSE QUALIFICATION PISTOL

Appendix 5 NRA INSTRUCTOR TRAINING PROGRAM PRE-COURSE QUALIFICATION PISTOL NRA TRAINING COUNSELOR GUIDE Appendix 5: NRA Instructor Training Program Pre-Course Qualification Pistol Appendix 5 NRA INSTRUCTOR TRAINING PROGRAM PRE-COURSE QUALIFICATION PISTOL The NRA Instructor Training

More information

High-Velocity Fragment Impact Testing

High-Velocity Fragment Impact Testing High-Velocity Fragment Impact Testing P J Haskins, M D Cook, J Stubberfield, M Sharp and P J Cheese A presentation to: The 2007 Insensitive Munitions & Energetic Materials Technology Symposium 16.10.2007

More information

Marengo. Turn One 0600 Hours 14 June 1800

Marengo. Turn One 0600 Hours 14 June 1800 Photo 1 T1 by E.R. Bickford Production: Lise Patterson 2011 Decision Games, Bakersfield, CA. Turn One 0600 Hours 14 June 1800 The game opens with the Austrians advancing from their positions across the

More information

Hunters: U.S. Snipers In The War On Terror By Milo S. Afong

Hunters: U.S. Snipers In The War On Terror By Milo S. Afong Hunters: U.S. Snipers In The War On Terror By Milo S. Afong Get everything you need to know about Trauma in American Sniper. Analysis, related Themes and Colors. The War on Terror Theme Icon. Hunters:

More information

Reference Points and Anticipatory Orders

Reference Points and Anticipatory Orders 1 Battle Preparations Check Camouflage - Break up the outline of the webbing and shoulders using local foliage typical of the country over which the section is to operate. Check Weapons - Make sure they

More information

P9S Automatic Pistol Caliber.45 ACP

P9S Automatic Pistol Caliber.45 ACP P9S AUTOMATIC PISTOL Caliber.45 ACP P9S Automatic Pistol Caliber.45 ACP Instruction Manual HECKLER & KOCH, INC. 2148 Pacific Boulevard Sterling, Virginia 20166-8903 U.S.A. TEL. (703) 450-1900 TELEFAX (703)

More information

TECHNICAL DATA. Caliber (rate of twist) 5,56x45 NATO (7") Magazine Capacity 30

TECHNICAL DATA. Caliber (rate of twist) 5,56x45 NATO (7) Magazine Capacity 30 CZ 805 BREN A1 THE CZ 805 BREN FEATURES A MODULAR WEAPON SYSTEM MANUFACTURED IN 5,56X45 MM NATO AND 7,62X39 MM CAL., WHICH HAS BEEN DESIGNED AS PERSONAL WEAPON FOR ANY COMBAT BRANCH. The CZ 805 BREN is

More information