# PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com. International Advanced Level Biology Advanced Subsidiary Unit 3: Practical Biology and Research Skills

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

2 Answer ALL questions. 1 A student wanted to investigate the effect of alcohol on heart rate. He used water fleas (Daphnia), which are crustaceans, because studying this in humans has ethical difficulties. (a) Suggest one practical and one ethical reason why Daphnia was chosen for this investigation. Practical Ethical (b) Daphnia were first placed in filtered pond water. After 30 minutes the Daphnia were split into two groups. The first group was transferred to fresh, filtered pond water (the control group). The second group was transferred to 5% ethanol (the alcohol treatment group). After another 30 minutes they were transferred back into filtered pond water and left for a further 30 minutes. The heart rate was recorded three times at 10 minute intervals for the entire 90 minutes of the investigation. (i) The student kept the temperature constant throughout the investigation. Suggest a suitable temperature. Give an explanation for your answer. Temperature... Explanation... (2) (2) 2 *P46622A0216*

3 (ii) Name one variable, other than temperature, that should be controlled. Variable Describe how this variable could be controlled. How the variable could be controlled... (iii) Explain why Daphnia in the control group were transferred into fresh pond water after 30 minutes. (2) (2) *P46622A0316* 3 Turn over

4 (c) The table below shows the mean heart rate and the standard deviation (SD) for the alcohol treatment group and the control group. Time from start / minutes Mean heart rate / beats per minute Control group SD Alcohol treatment group SD *P46622A0416*

5 (i) Plot a suitable graph to show all the data for the alcohol treatment group. Do not include the standard deviations. Join the points with ruled, straight lines. (4) *P46622A0516* 5 Turn over

6 (ii) The student concluded that there was no significant effect in the control group but there was in the alcohol treatment group. With reference to the data, explain why the student came to this conclusion. (d) The student now wanted to see if there was any evidence that the data from Daphnia could help to suggest what effect alcohol has on human heart rate. The student found the following data in a research paper on the effect of alcohol on human heart rate. Heart rate without alcohol / bpm 59 Heart rate after drinking alcohol / bpm 66 (i) Calculate the percentage change in the heart rate of a human after drinking alcohol. Show your working. (2) (3) Percentage change... 6 *P46622A0616*

7 (ii) Taking all the information into account, comment on the suggestion that the Daphnia heart might be a good model for suggesting the effect of alcohol on the human heart. (3) (Total for Question 1 = 20 marks) *P46622A0716* 7 Turn over

8 2 Read the following extract from a student s unfinished visit or issue report on the topic of Przewalski s horses. 1. Przewalski s horses (or Tahki) belong to the subspecies Equus ferus przewalskii. They can hybridise with domestic horses to produce fertile offspring, but they have two more chromosomes and are therefore classified as a separate subspecies. They are also different in appearance from domestic horses. Chinneeb 2. At present there are fewer than 50 mature individuals in the wild. They are classified as critically endangered and are at risk of extinction due to: hybridisation with domestic horses loss of genetic diversity after being reduced to a very small population infectious diseases transmitted from domestic horses hunting increased competition from domestic livestock for limited grazing and water. The entire current population of Przewalski s horses is descended from 13 individuals. It has been estimated that 60% of their unique alleles have been lost. This loss of genetic diversity has led to: higher levels of genetic disease, particularly underdeveloped ovaries, making breeding more difficult increased chance that less healthy foals will be born, leading to higher infant mortality rates increased risk that a disease or virus could have a devastating effect on the entire population as they are genetically similar. 8 *P46622A0816*

9 3. In addition to the 325 Przewalski s horses that live in reserves or in the wild in Mongolia, the number of living animals in the International Studbook was in early These are mostly in zoos which play a vital role in the breeding of Przewalski s horses. A total of Przewalski s horses were born in captivity between 1901 and The countries in which these births occurred are shown in the table. Australia 79 Czech Rep 215 Great Britain 512 Poland 106 Switzerland 39 Austria 82 Denmark 10 Japan 5 Russia 84 Taiwan 31 Belgium 55 Estonia 19 Kazakhstan 7 South Africa 10 U.S.A. 415 Canada 45 Finland 10 Lithuania 7 Slovakia 13 Ukraine 139 Croatia 2 France 57 Mongolia 13 Spain 3 Vietnam 4 Cuba 3 Germany 570 Netherlands 91 Sweden 10 Other In order to make sure that the genetic diversity within the captive population is maintained, and to avoid the inbreeding that leads to genetic diseases, the zoos attempt to breed only the least related horses. Lost alleles can never be recovered and so it is necessary to take great care in selectively breeding using the International Studbook. 5. The annual breeding programme is very successful; 92% of the mares became pregnant each year. There have also been releases of their offspring into reserves in Europe. This means they have a much more natural diet of grasses. However, the climate in Europe is far less harsh than in Mongolia, creating problems for their reintroduction into the natural habitat. 6. They live naturally in herds consisting of a stallion and several mares. However, for selective breeding, a stallion and a mare are put in an enclosure together. The animal is thus deprived of its natural social structure. To keep their genetic diversity, horses from different parts of the world are mated. This involves flying them across the world. 7. The cost of transporting each horse is US\$. They require vitamins to supplement hay in order to recreate natural diet and to reduce the risk of catching laminitis. Veterinary care during foaling and at other times is a huge expense. They require yearly flu jabs as well as worming every six months. Przewalski s horses act as an attraction in zoos and may increase visitor numbers and revenue. This can increase awareness of the plight of the horses and encourage donations to support the work being done to conserve this species. This allows zoos to conserve the species and habitats, locally and globally. 8. Przewalski s horses have been bred in captivity for 90 years but they remain unreliable and there are risks to humans handling them. When their hooves are trimmed, they are anaesthetised, because they are strong animals with a dangerous kick. During reintroduction, Przewalski s horses bred in captivity could bring diseases into the wild population. *P46622A0916* 9 Turn over

10 9. Artificial insemination can be used to breed these horses, rather than relying on sexual intercourse. The procedure involves collecting sperm from the male selected for breeding, freezing it, and transporting the sperm to the female selected for impregnation. The sperm is then placed in the uterus so that fertilisation can take place. The sperm have a short distance to swim before reaching the egg so this method has a higher fertilisation success rate. Artificial Insemination also helps to reduce costs as the horses do not have to be transported. 10. Another possibility is to use in-vitro fertilisation (IVF), which has an even higher success rate than artificial insemination. Eggs are drawn out of the uterus and are isolated. Sperm from the male is cleaned, deprived of liquid and frozen in preparation for IVF. It can then be transported to the location of the female. The sperm and eggs are combined in a glass dish, to allow fertilisation to take place. The fertilised egg is left in the laboratory for several days to begin to divide. The embryo is then transferred into the uterus of a female Przewalski s horse. IVF is more expensive than artificial insemination but less than an ordinary breeding programme. (a) A visit or issue report requires a problem to be identified. Identify the problem described in this extract. (1) 10 *P46622A01016*

11 (b) These visit and issue reports are expected to identify economic implications of the issue being investigated. The implications might be negative (costs) or positive (benefits). Complete the table below by identifying two costs and two benefits of the Przewalski s horse captive breeding programmes. Costs Benefits (4) *P46622A01116* 11 Turn over

12 (c) This unfinished report should include a graph. Explain how you could make a graph of the data in the table in paragraph 3. (3) 12 *P46622A01216*

13 (d) The student found the following graph about inbreeding and the number of births of Przewalski s horses in zoos. Inbreeding coefficient = amount of inbreeding number of births inbred Year of birth (i) Suggest an explanation for the data in the graph Number of births (2) *P46622A01316* 13 Turn over

14 (ii) Write a caption for the graph and suggest where in the report it should be placed. Caption... Paragraph number... (iii) The graph was in a scientific paper referred to in the report as follows: Inbreeding in captive bred Przewalski horses from local populations by A. Wolc, M. J. Nitka, P. Szablewski and T. Szwaczkowski in vol. 57 of Folia Zool. published in 2008 on pages Rewrite the reference in the correct way. (3) (3) 14 *P46622A01416*

15 (e) Identify and describe two methods of selective breeding mentioned in this report. (4) (Total for Question 2 = 20 marks) TOTAL FOR PAPER = 40 MARKS *P46622A01516* 15

16 BLANK PAGE Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. Pearson Education Ltd. will, if notified, be happy to rectify any errors or omissions and include any such rectifications in future editions. 16 *P46622A01616*

### THE WORLD COMPETITIVENESS SCOREBOARD 2011

THE WORLD COMPETITIVENESS SCOREBOARD 2011 98.557 94.063 92.588 92.011 90.782 90.219 89.259 87.824 86.475 86.418 86.313 85.707 84.380 84.120 81.629 81.619 81.100 80.278 79.799 78.499 77.599 77.101 76.827

### AREA TOTALS OECD Composite Leading Indicators. OECD Total. OECD + Major 6 Non Member Countries. Major Five Asia. Major Seven.

Reference series Composite leading indicators OECD Composite Leading Indicators AREA TOTALS 7-03- 19 OECD Total 19 OECD + Major 6 Non Member Countries 19 Major Seven 19 Major Five Asia 19 Euro area 19

### Pearson Edexcel Level 3 GCE Psychology Advanced Subsidiary Paper 2: Biological Psychology and Learning Theories

Write your name here Surname Other names Centre Number Candidate Number Pearson Edexcel Level 3 GCE Psychology Advanced Subsidiary Paper 2: Biological Psychology and Learning Theories Monday 23 May 2016

### Max Sort Sortation Option - Letters

Max Sort Sortation Option - Letters Western Europe Prices Product Code PS5 PS6 Austria* 0.330 7.550 0.330 7.400 Belgium* 0.370 3.700 0.370 3.540 Denmark* 0.620 5.350 0.620 4.215 Finland* 0.385 4.400 0.385

### research & training Pumelelo, the first African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) produced through in vitro fertilisation. WR 2016 ISSUE 5

Pumelelo, the first African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) produced through in vitro fertilisation. 160 WR 2016 ISSUE 5 IVF LIFELINE by Dr Morné de la Rey Photos by Meldt van der Spuy Birth of African Buffalo

### INTERNATIONAL SKATING UNION

INTERNATIONAL SKATING UNION Communication No. 2103 Entries ISU Championships 2018 I. SPEED SKATING All entry quotas are subject to entered Skaters having achieved applicable qualifying times, as specified

### Environmental Studies

Centre Number Surname Candidate Number For Examiner s Use Other Names Candidate Signature Examiner s Initials Question Mark Environmental Studies Unit 1 The Living Environment Wednesday 14 May 2014 You

### PRESERVING AN ICON FOR MILLENNIA, AMERICAN BISON HERDS ROAMED THE GREAT PLAINS BY THE MILLIONS UNTIL OVERHUNTING DROVE THEM NEARLY TO EXTINCTION.

PRESERVING AN ICON FOR MILLENNIA, AMERICAN BISON HERDS ROAMED THE GREAT PLAINS BY THE MILLIONS UNTIL OVERHUNTING DROVE THEM NEARLY TO EXTINCTION. A UNIQUE PARTNERSHIP IS RETURNING THIS NATIVE ICON TO THE

### European Research Council

European Research Council ERC Starting Grants 217 Outcome: Indicative statistics Reproduction is authorised provided the source 'ERC' is acknowledged. NB: In these graphs, 'grantee' refers to a candidate

### New rules, new opportunities: a potential for growth

#TV year New rules, new opportunities: a potential for growth June 19th, 2015 Jacques Balducci Eurodata TV Worldwide Deputy Sales Director Worldwide TV viewing remains strong World daily viewing time Average

### The international. ski market

LV/18/05/2014 Abstract The international ski market Presentation to ISIA Congress 17 May 2014 - Vuokatti Market metrics Skier : one person practising ski, snowboard or other downhill slide, independent

### LOCAL BROADCASTER DUBAI DUBAI SPORTS CHANNEL 01-Nov-13 01:00 02:00 Hlts Day 1 01:00 EUROPE DURATION HH:MM

A. HIGHLIGHTS LOCAL BROADCASTER DUBAI DUBAI SPORTS CHANNEL 01-Nov-13 01:00 02:00 Hlts Day 1 01:00 02-Nov-13 01:00 02:00 Hlts Day 2 01:00 03-Nov-13 01:00 02:00 Hlts Day 3 01:00 04-Nov-13 01:00 02:00 Hlts

### The Irish Sport Horse Studbook Genetic Evaluation Report 2015

The Irish Sport Horse Studbook Genetic Evaluation Report 2015 The Irish Sport Horse Studbook Genetic Evaluation Report 2015 An extract from the Irish Sport Horse Studbook Stallion Book The Irish Sport

### TABLE 1: NET OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FROM DAC AND OTHER DONORS IN 2012 Preliminary data for 2012

TABLE 1: NET OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FROM DAC AND OTHER DONORS IN 2012 DAC countries: 2012 2011 2012 ODA ODA/GNI ODA ODA/GNI ODA Percent change USD million % USD million % USD million (1) 2011

### Post Show Report April 2015, Moscow, Russia. #ipheb

Post Show Report 2015 27-29 April 2015, Moscow, Russia Join the pharma community @cphiww #cphirussia #ipheb Contents 1. Show Profile 3 2. Visitor: 2015 Facts & Figures 4 2.1 Top visitor countries 4 2.2

### Introductions, Middle East, Israel, Jordan, Yemen, Oman Week 1: Aug Sept. 1

Introductions, Middle East, Israel, Jordan, Yemen, Oman Week 1: Aug. 28 - Sept. 1 ASSIGNMENT Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Due Wednesday pgs. 6-11 Do not start the workbook or study sheet assignments

### INTERNATIONAL STUDENT STATISTICAL SUMMARY Spring 2017 (Final)

INTERNATIONAL STUDENT STATISTICAL SUMMARY Spring 2017 (Final) Prepared By: Mr. Jay Ward, Associate Director Office of International Programs San Francisco State University Non-Matriculated SP 17 SP 16

### CMMI Maturity Profile Report. 30 June 2017

CMMI Maturity Profile Report 30 June 2017 Executive Summary Appraisals increased 14% 1 Jan 30 Jun 17 Companies who reappraise continue to increase, currently at 74% 10% of reported appraisals are high

### You must have: Pen, calculator, HB pencil, eraser, ruler graduated in cm and mm, protractor, compasses.

Write your name here Surname Other names Pearson Edexcel Functional Skills Centre Number Mathematics Level 2 Candidate Number 7 11 November 2016 Time: 1 hour 30 minutes Paper Reference FSM02/01 You must

### UEFA Futsal EURO Preliminary & Main Round Draw Procedure

UEFA Futsal EURO 2015-16 Preliminary & Main Round Draw Procedure UEFA Futsal EURO 2013/14 Preliminary & Main Round Draw Procedure Date: Friday, 26 September 2014 Time: Location: 14.00 hours CET UEFA Headquarters,

### IBSA Goalball World Rankings 31 December 2017 Men's Division

IBSA Goalball World Rankings 31 December 2017 Men's Division Rank No v Oc t Se p Au g Ju l Team Region Score Goal Diff Results Gol p Gme Last Plyd Weight 1st 5 6 6 1 2 Brazil Americas 661.802 4.564 0.872

### EH LIVESTOCK TRANSPORT PAST - PRESENT - FUTURE

E.H.CONSULTANCY HARPER LIVESTOCK TRANSPORT PAST - PRESENT - FUTURE NATIONAL CHAIRMAN RHA LIVESTOCK GROUP MEMBER OF FAWC (FARM ANIMAL WELFARE COUNCIL) HARPER CHAIRMAN AATA ANIMAL WELFARE COMMITTEE PAST

### Beer statistics edition. The Brewers of Europe

Beer statistics 2016 edition The Brewers of Europe Beer statistics 2016 edition The Brewers of Europe November 2016 ISBN 978-2-9601382-7-6 EAN 9782960138276 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword by President

### Foal by Foal, the Wildest of Horses Is Coming Back

1 of 4 5/8/2006 3:23 PM October 11, 2005 Foal by Foal, the Wildest of Horses Is Coming Back By JOHN NOBLE WILFORD HUSTAI NATIONAL PARK, Mongolia - Driving along a fold in the mountainous grassland here,

### Course: Equine Science. Unit Title: Horse Breeding Techniques TEKS: 130.5(C)(3)(C) Instructor: Ms. Hutchinson. Objectives:

Course: Equine Science Unit Title: Horse Breeding Techniques TEKS: 130.5(C)(3)(C) Instructor: Ms. Hutchinson Objectives: After completing this unit of instruction, students will be able to: A. Explain

### Arms industry statistics

BRIEFING PAPER Number CBP 7842, 21 December 2016 Arms industry statistics By Rachel Kift and Rob Page Contents: 1. Global defence export market 2. UK defence export market www.parliament.uk/commons-library

### Selection statistics

Selection statistics ERASMUS+ Sport Call for proposals EAC-A03-2016 Selection year 2017 Collaborative Partnerships Small Collaborative Partnerships Not-for-profit European Sport Events Erasmus+ Applications

### RUGBY EUROPE COMPETITIONS CALENDAR 2017 / 2018

RUGBY EUROPE COMPETITIONS CALENDAR 2017 / 2018 Competitions calendar 2017-2018 updated on October 5th 15-a-side Men Senior Competitions Competing Teams Details (dates and venues) Championship Trophy Conference

### Beer statistics edition. The Brewers of Europe

Beer statistics 2017 edition The Brewers of Europe Beer statistics 2017 edition The Brewers of Europe December 2017 ISBN 978-2-9601382-9-0 EAN 9782960138290 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword by President

First Six Weeks Career/Safety/Work Habits AAS 1(A) The student will identify career development and entrepreneurship opportunities in the field of animal systems. AAS 1(B) The student will apply competencies

### European Values Study & World Values Study - Participating Countries ( )

GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences http://www.gesis.org/en/home/ ASEP/JD Data Archive http://www.jdsurvey.net/jds/jdsurvey.jsp European Values Study & World Values Study - Participating Countries

### English *P49914A0112* E202/01. Pearson Edexcel Functional Skills. P49914A 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. Level 2 Component 2: Reading

Write your name here Surname Other names Pearson Edexcel Functional Skills English Level 2 Component 2: Reading 8 12 February 2016 Time: 60 minutes You may use a dictionary. Centre Number Candidate Number

### THE WORLD GAMES 2013 ORIENTEERING EVENT. August 1 4, BULLETIN 2 Preliminary Information

THE WORLD GAMES 2013 ORIENTEERING EVENT August 1 4, 2013 BULLETIN 2 Preliminary Information September 15, 2012 1. Welcome to the 2013 World Games in Cali, Colombia The International World Games Association

### A Forest Without Elephants: Can We Save One of Earth s Iconic Species?

Chapter 11: Preserving Biodiversity A Forest Without Elephants: Can We Save One of Earth s Iconic Species? Guiding Question 1: What are the major causes of species endangerment and extinction today? Start

### COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report for Grizzly Bear Western population (Ursus arctos) in Canada SUMMARY

1 COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report for Grizzly Bear Western population (Ursus arctos) in Canada SUMMARY The COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report for grizzly bears assess the status of Western and Ungava

### Fibre to the Home: Taking your life to new horizons!

Fibre to the Home: Taking your life to new horizons! Hartwig Tauber, Director General FTTH Council Europe Press Conference - Milan, 13 January 2011 FTTH Council Europe Photo by Nicolo Baravalle FTTH Council

### Still on the road to recovery

GOLF ADVISORY PRACTICE IN EMA Still on the road to recovery Golf course performances in EMA in 2010 golfbenchmark.com Dear Reader, When the economic crisis unfolded in fall 2008, many expected a recovery

### GREEN BOATS IN PRACTICE. Green Dream Boats Ltd.

GREEN BOATS IN PRACTICE Green Dream Boats Ltd. 1 Yacht industry POLAND 2 Yacht industry Polish perspective Domestic boat production (units) - 2012 Country Sailboats Inboard/ sterndrive motor boats Other

### 2012 International report on mountain tourism

2012 International report on mountain tourism Will it go global thanks to the web? 7 th World Congress on Snow and Mountain Tourism - Andorra 11.04.2012 LV/01/04/2015 Agenda State of the industry Recent

### Global Economic Indicators: Global Leading Indicators

Global Economic Indicators: Global Leading Indicators November 27, 2017 Dr. Edward Yardeni 516-2-7683 eyardeni@ Debbie Johnson 480-664-1333 djohnson@ Mali Quintana 480-664-1333 aquintana@ Please visit

### USTA Player Development 2017 Excellence Grant Criteria Jr Girls, Collegiate & Professional Players

USTA Player Development 2017 Excellence Grant Criteria Jr Girls, Collegiate & Professional Players In order to encourage the development of U.S. players we have designed USTA Player Development Excellence

### Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

11 Biodiversity and Conservation Biology Chapter Objectives This chapter will help you: Characterize the scope of biodiversity on Earth Contrast the background extinction rate with periods of mass extinction

### TV MEDIA ANALYSIS END SEASON Expertise by Nielsen Sports Your contact person(s): Marco Nazzari, Pamela Delmiglio

TV MEDIA ANALYSIS END SEASON 2016 Expertise by Nielsen Sports Your contact person(s): Marco Nazzari, Pamela Delmiglio CONTENTS OBJECT OF ANALYSIS 3 CHANNEL MONITORED 4 TOP MANAGEMENT REPORT 5 CHAMPIONSHIP

### Lecture 3 The Lisbon Strategy

Lecture 3 The Lisbon Strategy Outline The Lisbon European Council held in March 2000 recognized the need of reforming labour,, product, and financial markets in order the performance of the EU economy

### What you need for population management: A recently updated/current studbook database Knowledge of institutions wants and needs

Population Management Guidelines Introduction: Good population management considers multiple factors, including husbandry, demography, and genetics. When developing a population management plan and selecting

### RUGBY EUROPE COMPETITIONS CALENDAR 2017 / 2018

RUGBY EUROPE COMPETITIONS CALENDAR 2017 / 2018 Competitions calendar 2017-2018 updated on December 6th 15-a-side Men Senior Competitions Competing Teams Details (dates and venues) North South North South

### Unit A: Introduction to Cattle Management. Lesson 2: Exploring the Dairy Industry

Unit A: Introduction to Cattle Management Lesson 2: Exploring the Dairy Industry Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives: 1.

### Aim of breeding work

Breeding in Denmark registrations, indices and breeding scheme International Limousin Congress 2012, Technical Meeting Hotel Radisson, Denmark Wednesday 4 th July 2012 Anders Fogh Aim of breeding work

### Table I. NET CALORIFIC VALUES OF ENERGY PRODUCTS GJ/ton

Table I PRODUCTION, EXPORTS AND CHANGES IN STOCKS HARD COAL 2009 2010 2011 2012 Standard factor 25.8 25.8 25.8 25.8 Argentina 24.7 24.7 24.7 24.7 Australia 28.7 27.2 27.1 27.0 Bangladesh 20.9 20.9 20.9

### Biodiversity Trail. Biodiversity trail. What is biodiversity? The term biodiversity refers to the great variety

Biodiversity trail What is biodiversity? The term biodiversity refers to the great variety Biodiversity Trail Biodiversity refers to the variety of all living organisms, from microscopic bacteria to giant

### The Euro 2016 Competition In support of

Electronic copies are available from euro2016@pdghelicopters.com The Euro 2016 Competition In support of The competition: 5 per entry 50% of entry fund will be donated to L Arche (Charity number SC038493)

### POLICY DOCUMENT: SAPA

POLICY DOCUMENT: SAPA Norms and standards for hunting managed ranch lions in South Africa [Approved at the SAPA AGM on 11 November 2011 Under Revision January 2016] 1. Objectives of this document Considering

### 3 rd BIASCA-TROPHY Synchronized Skating 20/21 March 2010

3 rd BIASCA-TROPHY Synchronized Skating 20/21 March 2010 The Skating Club of Biasca invite your teams to participate at the Biasca Trophy 2010, Synchronized Skating Competition, all categories, with the

### Notebook Setup. Refer to Miss Caspers notebook for reference

The Cold War Notebook Setup On page 7 of your notebook, title it Day 1 and label the number 7 on the bottom right-hand corner Please write down the warmup question and your answer Refer to Miss Caspers

### Table I. NET CALORIFIC VALUES OF ENERGY PRODUCTS GJ/ton

Table I PRODUCTION, EXPORTS AND CHANGES IN STOCKS HARD COAL 2011 2012 2013 2014 Standard factor 25.8 25.8 25.8 25.8 Argentina 24.7 24.7 24.7 24.7 Australia 27.1 27.0 26.9 26.9 Bangladesh 20.9 20.9 20.9

### Identify the text structure of the following passages. Underline signal words and clues that helped you determine each structure.

Text Structure Practice Identify the text structure of the following passages. Underline signal words and clues that helped you determine each structure. 1. Wild chimpanzees are rapidly disappearing. Some

### sector: recent developments VÍTOR CONSTÂNCIO

The economy and the banking sector: recent developments VÍTOR CONSTÂNCIO January 2006 Recent performance of the economy and prospects Factors behind the period of slow growth Challenges to the Banking

### UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level *5466176767* MARINE SCIENCE 9693/03 Structured Questions May/June 2011 Paper

### Panda porn, crane cross-dressing and dirty devils.. time for conservation triage? Bridget Stutchbury

Panda porn, crane cross-dressing and dirty devils.. time for conservation triage? Bridget Stutchbury Giant Pandas Loss of montane bamboo forests in China National treasure for China Protect and restore

### 5 th BIASCA-TROPHY Synchronized Skating 17/18 March 2012

5 th BIASCA-TROPHY Synchronized Skating 17/18 March 2012 The Skating Club of Biasca invite your teams to participate at the Biasca Trophy 2012, Synchronized Skating Competition, all categories, with the

### Task 1. Within the safari park we are currently keeping and breeding two species of animal. These are the white rhino and the Ring tailed lemur.

Information Within the safari park we are currently keeping and breeding two species of animal. These are the white rhino and the Ring tailed lemur. We are looking after them as there are not many of them

### Geometric Probability of Mating. Success in Horses, Equus ferus caballus

Geometric Probability of Mating Success in Horses, Equus ferus caballus By Katrina King, Leon Hardy, and Deby Cassill College of Arts and Sciences Mentored by Dr. Leon Hardy and Dr. Deby Cassill ABSTRACT

### Prospects for the use in Poland native breeds of cold blooded horses illusions or reality?

Prospects for the use in Poland native breeds of cold blooded horses illusions or reality? Polak, G.M, Krupinski J. National Research Institute of Animal Production, Department of Animal Genetic Resources

### ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY GCE G622 APPLIED SCIENCE

ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY GCE APPLIED SCIENCE Unit 3: Monitoring the activity of the human body TUESDAY 5 JUNE 2007 G622 Afternoon *CUP/T21601* Additional materials: Electronic calculator Ruler (cm/mm) Time:

### WORLD FAMOUS. Unit 7

WORLD FAMOUS Unit 7 On the map Countries and nationalities Austria Belarus Brazil Britain China Croatia the Czech Republic Estonia France Germany Hungary Austrian Belarusian Brazilian British Chinese Croatian

### 2 nd BIASCA-TROPHY Synchronized Skating 21/22 March 2009

2 nd BIASCA-TROPHY Synchronized Skating 21/22 March 2009 The Skating Club of Biasca invite your teams to participate at the Biasca Trophy 2009, Synchronized Skating Competition, all categories, with the

### How predictable are the FIFA worldcup football outcomes? An empirical analysis

Applied Economics Letters, 2008, 15, 1171 1176 How predictable are the FIFA worldcup football outcomes? An empirical analysis Saumik Paul* and Ronita Mitra Department of Economics, Claremont Graduate University,

### The Science of Maryland Agriculture

GOAL STATEMENT: Students will learn how to predict plant and animal offspring traits or characteristics using genetics. OBJECTIVES: Students will apply the concepts of genotype and phenotype to scenarios

### FIL World Lacrosse Championship 2014

FIL World Lacrosse Championship 2014 This document provides details of the playing schedule for the 2014 World Lacrosse Championship to be held in Denver, Colorado, USA over the period 10th - 19th July

### RAFTS STOCKING POLICY

RAFTS STOCKING POLICY Why do we need a policy? Salmon biology & ecology relevant to stocking Stocking process & outcomes Types of stocking The RAFTS policy Alan Kettle-White RAFTS Conference 20 th March

### INVITATION WORLD 9 BALL CHAMPIONSHIP 2017 (W9BC)

INVITATION WORLD 9 BALL CHAMPIONSHIP 2017 (W9BC) 5 th 14 th December 2017 We are pleased to inform you that the Qatar Billiards & Snooker Federation in Cooperation with the Qatar Olympic Committee, is

### Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) D. Heim

Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) D. Heim What are TSE? Family of diseases Neurological disease accumulation of abnormal prion protein spongiform degeneration of the brain progressive and

### Introduction. Contents

Women s football across the national associations 2017 Contents 1. Introduction 03 2. Overview 04 a. Players 04 b. and referees 05 c. UEFA Women s EURO 2017 05 d. UEFA Women s Champions League 2016/17

### Archival copy: for current recommendations see or your local extension office.

NAME ADDRESS CLUB 4-H HORSE PROGRAM HORSE SCIENCE This educational material has been prepared for 4-H use by the Cooperative Extension Services of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and State Land-Grant

### Shelly Cotterman Nashville Zoo

Shelly Cotterman Nashville Zoo SAFE was just recently launched in May 2015 AZADV members are uniquely positioned in terms of enthusiasm and educational expertise The focus is on synergistic partnerships

### The economic value of the EU shipping industry. Andrew P Goodwin

The economic value of the EU shipping industry Andrew P Goodwin 2 nd April 2014 Introduction Shipping is a vital facilitator of world trade 135 % Increase in world GDP in the last two decades 180 % Increase

### 31 st EHRC General Assembly

31 st EHRC General Assembly Welcome to all Delegates Please sign in and collect your Agenda, Appendix's and voting papers from the Secretary General. 31st EHRC General Assembly Item 1 Welcome to the 31

### Welcome to KNX Scientific Conference 2012 Las Palmas Gran Canaria Watch how international KNX has become!

Welcome to KNX Scientific Conference 2012 Las Palmas Gran Canaria Watch how international KNX has become! KNX Association International 22 National Groups in Europe KNX Association International KNX: The

### Wild Equids COPYRIGHT 2005 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, INC. SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN 87

Wild zebra, asses and horses are being killed for meat, medicine and money. Combined with vanishing habitats and naturally slow reproduction, such predation threatens remaining populations By Patricia

### English Level 1 Component 2: Reading

Write your name here Surname Other names Pearson Edexcel Functional Skills English Level 1 Component 2: Reading Centre Number Candidate Number 14 18 March 2016 Time: 45 minutes You may use a dictionary.

### Relative age effect: a serious problem in football

CIES Football Observatory Monthly Report Issue no. 10 - December 2015 Relative age effect: a serious problem in football Drs Raffaele Poli, Loïc Ravenel and Roger Besson 1. Introduction Numerous studies

### The Arabian Leopard Panthera pardus nimr conservation breeding programme

The Arabian Leopard Panthera pardus nimr conservation breeding programme Jane Budd, Kristin Leus Abstract. Captive breeding has the potential to play a pivotal role in conserving threatened species, among

### OVERALL STANDING WORLD ROWING CUP 2013

OVERALL STANDING WORLD ROWING CUP 2013 Rk Nation Pts. SYD ETD LUC W2- M2- W2x M2x M4- W1x M1x LW2x LM2x LM4- W4x M4x W8+ M8+ 1 GBR 179 68 72 39 8 3 2 2 4 5 3 4 4 4 2 NZL 144 55 42 47 6 8 6 8 4 5 8 2 3

### HUNGRY, HUNGRY HIPPOS Learn about the 3rd largest mammal in the world. He weighs over 5,000 pounds and only eats plants!

HUNGRY, HUNGRY HIPPOS Learn about the 3rd largest mammal in the world. He weighs over 5,000 pounds and only eats plants! Grade(s): 2-4 Objectives (grade dependent): Student(s) will be able to: use place

### TO INFINITY AND BEYOND? CAN RETAIL NON WOVENS KEEP GROWING? DANIEL GRIMSEY, RESEARCH ANALYST

TO INFINITY AND BEYOND? CAN RETAIL NON WOVENS KEEP GROWING? DANIEL GRIMSEY, RESEARCH ANALYST Euromonitor International: Global Market Intelligence 2 Euromonitor International Covers Your Industry 3 Countries

### Invasive Species. Grade Levels. Introduction. This activity is intended for grades 9 12.

Invasive Species Grade Levels This activity is intended for grades 9 12 Introduction Located some 2, 400 miles from the nearest continental shore, the Hawaiian Islands are the most isolated group of islands

### Rapid and Reliable Detection of Dissolved Gases in Water

Rapid and Reliable Detection of Dissolved Gases in Water Andrea Caruso and Massimo Santoro Thermo Fisher Scientific, Milan, Italy Application Note 005 Key Words Chromeleon CDS, Environmental, Fracking,

### SUPER BALL W O R L D O P E N F R E E S T Y L E F O O T B A L L C H A M P I O N S H I P S

1 P R A G U E 2 0 1 7 SUPER BALL W O R L D O P E N F R E E S T Y L E F O O T B A L L C H A M P I O N S H I P S F I N A L R E P O R T 2 SUPER BALL 2017 After 3 years spent in the northern Czech Republic

### Invasive Versus Endemic Species

School and University Partnership for Educational Renewal in Mathematics Invasive Versus Endemic Species Located some 2,400 miles from the nearest continental shore, the Hawaiian Islands are the most isolated

### Key themes: To be able to identify and name different types of deer. To understand the lifecycle of a deer

Key themes: To be able to identify and name different types of deer To understand the lifecycle of a deer To be able to identify and name the predators of deer To understand the reasons for population

### Summer Study: Europe. A look at European hotel performance during summer 2017 (June - August) Key Findings

Summer Study: Europe A look at European hotel performance during summer 2017 (June - August) Key Findings - This was the strongest summer overall for European hotels dating back to 2000 - with record-breaking

### LEAGUE PHASE DRAW PRESS KIT

LEAGUE PHASE DRAW PRESS KIT SwissTech Convention Centre, Lausanne 24 January 2018 12:00 CET #NationsLeague CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 1-2 ASSISTING WITH THE DRAW... 3-6 CALENDAR... 7 GROUPINGS... 8 POTS...

### Section 3: The Future of Biodiversity

Section 3: The Future of Biodiversity Preview Bellringer Objectives Saving Species One at a Time Captive-Breeding Programs Preserving Genetic Material Zoos, Aquariums, Parks, and Gardens Preserving Habitats

### 2014 CEV BEACH VOLLEYBALL YOUTH CONTINENTAL CUP FINAL. OFFICIAL COMMUNICATION No. 1

2014 CEV BEACH VOLLEYBALL YOUTH CONTINENTAL CUP FINAL OFFICIAL COMMUNICATION No. 1 1. GENERAL INFORMATION 1.1 DATE AND VENUE The 2014 CEV Beach Volleyball Youth Continental Cup Final will be held on 15-17

### 1. BREEDER: Equine Breeding Agreement

Equine Breeding Agreement This Equine Breeding Agreement (the Agreement ) is entered into as of by and between Hilltop Farm, Inc., a Maryland corporation with its principal place of business at 1089 Nesbitt

### Golf Participation Report for Europe 2016

Golf Participation Report for Europe 2016 Golf Advisory Practice in EMEA GOLFBENCHMARK.com Sponsor: 2 Golf Participation Report for Europe 2016 Golf Participation Report for Europe 2016 3 Dear Reader,