Homework Exercise to prepare for Class #2.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Homework Exercise to prepare for Class #2."

Transcription

1 Homework Exercise to prepare for Class #2. Answer these on notebook paper then correct or improve your answers (using another color) by referring to the answer sheet. 1. Identify the major components depicted in the following illustration: 2. When you move the control wheel to the left (turn it counter-clockwise), will the left aileron move up or down? 3. True/false. The rudder is located on the horizontal stabilizer. 4. What is the purpose of trim devices? 5. An airplane with its third wheel mounted on the tail (instead of the front as depicted above) is equipped with what type of landing gear? 6. In addition to providing power to turn the propeller, what other functions does the engine in a typical training airplane perform? 7. Select the true statement(s) regarding the four forces of flight. a. During accelerated flight, thrust and drag are equal. b. The four forces are in equilibrium during unaccelerated flight. a. In straight and level unaccelerated flight, all four forces are equal in magnitude Joseph J. Zubay 10/31/12 Page 1 of 5 Pages

2 8. Refer to the following illustration and identify aerodynamic terms associated with airfoils and the airflows interacting with them. 9. Describe how Newton s law of motion and Bernoulli s principle explain the generation of lift by an airfoil. 10. True/False. As airspeed increases, the angle of attack at which an airfoil stalls also increases. 11. Identify three methods you can use to control lift during flight. 12. Will the wings angle of attack increase or decrease when trailing edge flaps are lowered? 13. Is it more desirable for the wing root or wingtips to stall first and why? 14. List the three kinds of parasite drag and provide examples of aircraft features that reduce parasite drag. 15. Explain why induced drag increases as airspeed decreases. 16. The reduction in induced drag due to ground effect is most noticeable when the airplane is within what distance from the earth s surface? 17. True/False. When landing in gusty winds, airspeed should be increased above normal to help guard against a stall. 18. List the basic steps for stall recovery 19. List the general procedures for recovery from an inadvertent spin. 20. What relative airspeed, power, and angle of attack conditions produce the most noticeable left-turning tendencies common to single-engine, propeller-driven aircraft? 2012 Joseph J. Zubay 10/31/12 Page 2 of 5 Pages

3 21. Name three airplane design elements (things the manufacturer does) that are used to help offset the left-turning tendencies of an airplane. 22. What causes an airplane to turn? 23. If angle of bank and altitude are held constant, what can be done to increase the rate of turn? 24. Given a wings-level, 1G stall speed of 55 knots, use Figure 1-37 (Page 1-19 of The Complete Private Pilot) and a calculator to determine the stall speed under the following conditions. a. Bank angle, 30 b. Bank angle, 45 c. Bank angle, True/False. Maneuvering speed (Va) increases with an increase in gross weight. Optional Research Problem: Who is the manufacturer of the airplane that you use (or will use) for training? What is the model number of the airplane that you use (or will use) for training? What is this airplane s maneuvering speed range and the associated weight range? Where did you find these data? Is the maneuvering speed range marked on this airplane s airspeed indicator? 2012 Joseph J. Zubay 10/31/12 Page 3 of 5 Pages

4 ANSWERS to the Homework Exercise to prepare for Class #2. Do Not View this until all questions are answered. Use the following to correct or improve your answers. Correct or append your answers using another color pencil or pen. Do not erase incorrect answers strike them out so the incorrect data are still readable. 1. a. Fuselage b. Wing c. Power Plant d. Tail e. Tricycle Landing Gear (not Conventional Landing Gear) 2. Up. 3. False. It is located on the vertical stabilizer. 4. Trim devices aerodynamically help move a control surface, or maintain a surface in a desired position in order to reduce the flight control forces a pilot must maintain. 5. Conventional landing gear. 6. Accessories mounted on or connected to the engine generate electrical power to meet the electrical needs of all of the aircraft s systems (except of the engine s ignition system which runs on self-contained magnetos), provided a vacuum source for some of the flight instruments, and, in most single-engine airplanes, provide a source of cabin heat for the pilot and passengers. 7. B 8. a. Upwash b. Leading Edge c. Trailing Edge d. Downwash e. Flight Path f. Relative Wind g. Camber h. Chord Line i. Angle of attack 9. According to Bernoulli s principle, the increase in speed of the air over the top of an airfoil produces a drop in pressure and this lowered pressure is a component of total lift. Newton s third law of motion explains how the airstream striking the lower surface of the wing and being deflected downward (i.e. downwash) results in a reaction that also is a component of total lift. The majority of the lift is produced by the upper surface usually approximately 60%. 10. False. 11. You can control lift by changing airspeed, changing angle of attack, or by deploying high-life devices such as leading edge cuffs or trailing edge flaps. 12. Increase Joseph J. Zubay 10/31/12 Page 4 of 5 Pages

5 13. It is preferable for the wing root to stall first. If the wingtips stall before the root, the disrupted airflow near the wingtip can reduce aileron effectiveness to such an extent that it may be impossible to control the airplane s roll motion. 14. There are three types of parasite drag: form drag, interference drag, and skin friction drag. Streamlining decreases form drag, and design features, such as wheel fairings and retractable landing gear, can reduce both form and interference drag. Skin friction drag can be minimized by eliminating protruding rivet heads, and employing a clean glossy flat finish to airplane surfaces. 15. Induced drag is caused by the creation of wingtip vortices formed as the wing is generating lift. As the air pressure differential between the upper and lower surfaces of the wing becomes greater with an increase in angle of attack, stronger vortices are formed and induced drag is increased. Since the wing is usually at a low angle of attack at high airspeeds, and a high angle of attack at low airspeeds, a relationship between induced drag and speed can be observed. Induced drag is inversely proportional to the square of the speed. 16. Less than one wingspan. 17. True. 18. For stall recovery: Decrease the angle of attack to less than the critical angel of attack. Smoothly apply maximum power. Once the airplane recovers, adjust the power as necessary while maintaining coordinated flight. 19. For spin recovery: Throttle to idle. Neutralize the ailerons. Determine the direction of rotation. Apply full opposite rudder. Briskly apply elevator (or stabilator) to neutral or slightly forward of neutral to assure that the angle of attack is lower than the critical angel of attack. As rotation stops, neutralize the rudder. Gradually apply aft elevator (or stabilator) to return to level flight without exceeding the critical angel of attack. 20. Low airspeed, high power settings, and high angles of attack. 21. Left turning tendencies are usually corrected for by the designer/manufacturer, in part, by the offset vertical stabilizer, offset mounting of the power plant and the increased angle of incidence of the left wing. 22. When an airplane is banked, lift is comprised of two components a vertical component and a horizontal component. The airplane turns because the horizontal component of lift creates a force directed inward toward the center of the turn. 23. Decrease airspeed. 24. a. 59 knots. b. 66 knots. c.110 knots. 25. True 2012 Joseph J. Zubay 10/31/12 Page 5 of 5 Pages

A103 AERODYNAMIC PRINCIPLES

A103 AERODYNAMIC PRINCIPLES A103 AERODYNAMIC PRINCIPLES References: FAA-H-8083-25A, Pilot s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, Chapter 3 (pgs 4-10) and Chapter 4 (pgs 1-39) OBJECTIVE: Students will understand the fundamental aerodynamic

More information

II.E. Airplane Flight Controls

II.E. Airplane Flight Controls References: FAA-H-8083-3; FAA-8083-3-25 Objectives Key Elements Elements Schedule Equipment IP s Actions SP s Actions Completion Standards The student should develop knowledge of the elements related to

More information

PILOT S HANDBOOK of Aeronautical Knowledge AC61-23C

PILOT S HANDBOOK of Aeronautical Knowledge AC61-23C PILOT S HANDBOOK of Aeronautical Knowledge AC61-23C Revised 1997 Chapter 1 Excerpt Compliments of... www.alphatrainer.com Toll Free: (877) 542-1112 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

More information

PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROLS. AILERONS Ailerons control roll about the longitudinal axis. The ailerons are attached to the outboard trailing edge of

PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROLS. AILERONS Ailerons control roll about the longitudinal axis. The ailerons are attached to the outboard trailing edge of Aircraft flight control systems are classified as primary and secondary. The primary control systems consist of those that are required to safely control an airplane during flight. These include the ailerons,

More information

Principles of glider flight

Principles of glider flight Principles of glider flight [ Lecture 2: Control and stability ] Richard Lancaster Email: Richard@RJPLancaster.net Twitter: @RJPLancaster ASK-21 illustrations Copyright 1983 Alexander Schleicher GmbH &

More information

Jet Propulsion. Lecture-17. Ujjwal K Saha, Ph. D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

Jet Propulsion. Lecture-17. Ujjwal K Saha, Ph. D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati Lecture-17 Prepared under QIP-CD Cell Project Jet Propulsion Ujjwal K Saha, Ph. D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati 1 Lift: is used to support the weight of

More information

Uncontrolled copy not subject to amendment. Principles of Flight

Uncontrolled copy not subject to amendment. Principles of Flight Uncontrolled copy not subject to amendment Principles of Flight Principles of Flight Learning Outcome 1: Know the principles of lift, weight, thrust and drag and how a balance of forces affects an aeroplane

More information

Flight Control Systems Introduction

Flight Control Systems Introduction Flight Control Systems Introduction Dr Slide 1 Flight Control System A Flight Control System (FCS) consists of the flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkage, and necessary

More information

Aviation Merit Badge Knowledge Check

Aviation Merit Badge Knowledge Check Aviation Merit Badge Knowledge Check Name: Troop: Location: Test Score: Total: Each question is worth 2.5 points. 70% is passing Dan Beard Council Aviation Knowledge Check 1 Question 1: The upward acting

More information

V mca (and the conditions that affect it)

V mca (and the conditions that affect it) V mca (and the conditions that affect it) V mca, the minimum airspeed at which an airborne multiengine airplane is controllable with an inoperative engine under a standard set of conditions, is arguably

More information

Principles of glider flight

Principles of glider flight Principles of glider flight [ Lecture 1: Lift, drag & glide performance ] Richard Lancaster Email: Richard@RJPLancaster.net Twitter: @RJPLancaster ASK-21 illustrations Copyright 1983 Alexander Schleicher

More information

Aerobatic Trimming Chart

Aerobatic Trimming Chart Aerobatic Trimming Chart From RCU - Chip Hyde addresses his view of Engine/Motor thrust. I run almost no right thrust in my planes and use the thottle to rudd mix at 2% left rudd. to throttle at idle.

More information

Aero Club. Introduction to Flight

Aero Club. Introduction to Flight Aero Club Presents Introduction to RC Modeling Module 1 Introduction to Flight Centre For Innovation IIT Madras Page2 Table of Contents Introduction:... 3 How planes fly How is lift generated?... 3 Forces

More information

Airplane controls. The three primary flight controls are the ailerons, elevator and rudder.

Airplane controls. The three primary flight controls are the ailerons, elevator and rudder. Airplane controls The three primary flight controls are the ailerons, elevator and rudder. Ailerons: The two ailerons, one at the outer trailing edge of each wing, are movable surfaces that control movement

More information

Beechcraft Duchess 76 Maneuver Notes

Beechcraft Duchess 76 Maneuver Notes Beechcraft Duchess 76 Maneuver Notes I. Maneuver notes for Performance (AOA V), Slow Flight and Stalls (AOA VIII), Emergency Operations (AOA X), and Multiengine Operations (AOA XI) a. Maneuvers addressed:

More information

PERFORMANCE MANEUVERS

PERFORMANCE MANEUVERS Ch 09.qxd 5/7/04 8:14 AM Page 9-1 PERFORMANCE MANEUVERS Performance maneuvers are used to develop a high degree of pilot skill. They aid the pilot in analyzing the forces acting on the airplane and in

More information

DEFINITIONS. Aerofoil

DEFINITIONS. Aerofoil Aerofoil DEFINITIONS An aerofoil is a device designed to produce more lift (or thrust) than drag when air flows over it. Angle of Attack This is the angle between the chord line of the aerofoil and the

More information

Preliminary Analysis of Drag Reduction for The Boeing

Preliminary Analysis of Drag Reduction for The Boeing Preliminary Analysis of Drag Reduction for The Boeing 747-400 By: Chuck Dixon, Chief Scientist, Vortex Control Technologies LLC 07. 31. 2012 Potential for Airflow Separation That Can Be Reduced By Vortex

More information

Flight Controls. Chapter 5. Introduction

Flight Controls. Chapter 5. Introduction Chapter 5 Flight Controls Introduction This chapter focuses on the flight control systems a pilot uses to control the forces of flight, and the aircraft s direction and attitude. It should be noted that

More information

Theory of Flight Aircraft Design and Construction. References: FTGU pages 9-14, 27

Theory of Flight Aircraft Design and Construction. References: FTGU pages 9-14, 27 Theory of Flight 6.01 Aircraft Design and Construction References: FTGU pages 9-14, 27 Main Teaching Points Parts of an Airplane Aircraft Construction Landing Gear Standard Terminology Definition The airplane

More information

Attitude Instrument Flying and Aerodynamics

Attitude Instrument Flying and Aerodynamics Attitude Instrument Flying and Aerodynamics 2.1 TURNS 1. An airplane requires a sideward force to make it turn. a. When the airplane is banked, lift (which acts perpendicular to the wingspan) acts not

More information

CIVIL AIR PATROL United States Air Force Auxiliary Cadet Program Directorate. Cessna 172 Maneuvers and Procedures

CIVIL AIR PATROL United States Air Force Auxiliary Cadet Program Directorate. Cessna 172 Maneuvers and Procedures CIVIL AIR PATROL United States Air Force Auxiliary Cadet Program Directorate Cessna 172 Maneuvers and Procedures This study guide is designed for the National Flight Academy Ground School. The information

More information

OUTLINE SHEET BASIC THEORY. 2.1 DEFINE scalar, in a classroom, in accordance with Naval Aviation Fundamentals, NAVAVSCOLSCOM-SG-200

OUTLINE SHEET BASIC THEORY. 2.1 DEFINE scalar, in a classroom, in accordance with Naval Aviation Fundamentals, NAVAVSCOLSCOM-SG-200 Sheet 1 of 7 OUTLINE SHEET 2-1-1 BASIC THEORY A. INTRODUCTION This lesson is a basic introduction to the theory of aerodynamics. It provides a knowledge base in aerodynamic mathematics, air properties,

More information

HOW TO FLY AIRPLANES

HOW TO FLY AIRPLANES HOW TO FLY AIRPLANES Complimentary Ebook Available from bob@safe-flight.net HOW TO FLY AIRPLANES BASIC AIRCRAFT CONTROL Robert Reser, Publisher bob@safe-flight.net Tempe, Arizona Copyright 2012-2016 by

More information

Part 66 Cat. B1 / B2 Module 8 BASIC AERODYNAMICS. Vilnius Issue 1. Effective date FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 1 of 74

Part 66 Cat. B1 / B2 Module 8 BASIC AERODYNAMICS. Vilnius Issue 1. Effective date FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 1 of 74 Part 66 Cat. B1 / B2 Module 8 BASIC AERODYNAMICS Vilnius-2017 Issue 1. Effective date 2017-07-28 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Page 1 of 74 Table of Contents Part-66 Module 8. Basic Aerodynamics (Cat. B1

More information

1. GENERAL AERODYNAMICS

1. GENERAL AERODYNAMICS Chapter 1. GENERAL AERODYNAMICS Unless otherwise indicated, this handbook is based on a helicopter that has the following characteristics: 1 - An unsupercharged (normally aspirated) reciprocating engine.

More information

See the diagrams at the end of this manual for judging position locations.

See the diagrams at the end of this manual for judging position locations. Landing Events Penalties General Judges should use airport diagrams, satellite pictures or other means to determine, as accurately as possible, assessments of landing pattern penalties. Judges should be

More information

TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Ch 05.qxd 5/7/04 7:02 AM Page 5-1 GENERAL This chapter discusses takeoffs and departure climbs in tricycle landing gear (nosewheel-type) airplanes under normal conditions, and under conditions which require

More information

BASIC AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES

BASIC AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES Slide 1 BASIC AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES The basic aircraft structure serves multiple purposes. Such as aircraft aerodynamics; which indicates how smooth the aircraft flies thru the air (The Skelton of the aircraft

More information

Spins and how to keep the pointy end of the airplane going forward

Spins and how to keep the pointy end of the airplane going forward Spins and how to keep the pointy end of the airplane going forward 8/14/07 Evan Reed, cfievan@yahoo.com Ed Williams Outline Spins and their general characteristics Accident statistics and scenarios Some

More information

PRE-TEST Module 2 The Principles of Flight Units /60 points

PRE-TEST Module 2 The Principles of Flight Units /60 points PRE-TEST Module 2 The Principles of Flight Units 1-2-3.../60 points 1 Answer the following questions. (20 p.) moving the plane (4) upward / forward. Opposed to that is 1. What are the names of the four

More information

Detailed study 3.4 Topic Test Investigations: Flight

Detailed study 3.4 Topic Test Investigations: Flight Name: Billanook College Detailed study 3.4 Topic Test Investigations: Flight Ivanhoe Girls Grammar School Questions 1 and 2 relate to the information shown in the diagram in Figure 1. z Question 1 y Figure

More information

Visualized Flight Maneuvers Handbook

Visualized Flight Maneuvers Handbook Visualized Flight Maneuvers Handbook For High Wing Aircraft Third Edition For Instructors and Students Aviation Supplies & Academics, Inc. Newcastle, Washington Visualized Flight Maneuvers Handbook for

More information

Cessna 172S Skyhawk Standardization Manual

Cessna 172S Skyhawk Standardization Manual Cessna 172S Skyhawk Standardization Manual This manual is to be utilized in conjunction with the manufacturers approved POH/ AFM and the Airplane Flying Handbook (FAA-H-8083-3A). This manual should be

More information

Learning Objectives 081 Principles of Flight

Learning Objectives 081 Principles of Flight Learning Objectives 081 Principles of Flight Conventions for questions in subject 081. 1. The following standard conventions are used for certain mathematical symbols: * multiplication. > = greater than

More information

CAP-USAF FLIGHT MANEUVERS GUIDE

CAP-USAF FLIGHT MANEUVERS GUIDE CAP-USAF FLIGHT MANEUVERS GUIDE February 2012 Flight Maneuvers Guide This guide describes and standardizes the instruction and performance of the various flight maneuvers described in Chapter 3 of AFI11-2CAP-USAF,

More information

G-BCKU Aerobatic Sequences

G-BCKU Aerobatic Sequences G-BCKU Aerobatic Sequences Flight Manual Edition No. 1 REIMSjCESSNA FRA l50l November 1971 AEROBATIC MANEUVERS AEROBATIC-CONSIDERATIONS The FRAl50L is certificated in the Aerobatic Category for the maneuvers

More information

TAKEOFF & LANDING IN ICING CONDITIONS

TAKEOFF & LANDING IN ICING CONDITIONS Original idea from Captain A. Wagner T TAKEOFF & LANDING IN ICING CONDITIONS here have been a number of accidents related to take-off in conditions in which snow and/or other forms of freezing precipitation

More information

Single Engine Complex Training Supplement PA28R-201 Piper Arrow III (Spring 2016 Revision)

Single Engine Complex Training Supplement PA28R-201 Piper Arrow III (Spring 2016 Revision) Single Engine Complex Training Supplement PA28R-201 Piper Arrow III (Spring 2016 Revision) V-speed Quick Reference V-Speed KIAS Description Airspeed Indicator Marking VSO 55 Stall speed in landing configuration

More information

WHAT IS GLIDER? A light engineless aircraft designed to glide after being towed aloft or launched from a catapult.

WHAT IS GLIDER? A light engineless aircraft designed to glide after being towed aloft or launched from a catapult. GLIDER BASICS WHAT IS GLIDER? A light engineless aircraft designed to glide after being towed aloft or launched from a catapult. 2 PARTS OF GLIDER A glider can be divided into three main parts: a)fuselage

More information

CIRCLING THE HOLIGHAUS WAY -

CIRCLING THE HOLIGHAUS WAY - CIRCLING THE HOLIGHAUS WAY - OR DO YOU REALLY WANT TO KEEP THE YAW STRING CENTERED? BY RICHARD H. JOHNSON ANSWERS: 1. During Straight Flight - YES, that minimizes drag and maximizes the sailplane's performance.

More information

Flight Corridor. The speed-altitude band where flight sustained by aerodynamic forces is technically possible is called the flight corridor.

Flight Corridor. The speed-altitude band where flight sustained by aerodynamic forces is technically possible is called the flight corridor. Flight Corridor The speed-altitude band where flight sustained by aerodynamic forces is technically possible is called the flight corridor. The subsonic Boeing 747 and supersonic Concorde have flight corridors

More information

Principles of Flight. Chapter 4. From the Library at Introduction. Structure of the Atmosphere

Principles of Flight. Chapter 4. From the Library at  Introduction. Structure of the Atmosphere From the Library at www.uavgroundschool.com Chapter 4 Principles of Flight Introduction This chapter examines the fundamental physical laws governing the forces acting on an aircraft in flight, and what

More information

Front Cover Picture Mark Rasmussen - Fotolia.com

Front Cover Picture Mark Rasmussen - Fotolia.com Flight Maneuvers And Stick and Rudder Skills A complete learn to fly handbook by one of aviation s most knowledgeable and experienced flight instructors Front Cover Picture Mark Rasmussen - Fotolia.com

More information

Pentagon & Boeing 757 Ground Effect

Pentagon & Boeing 757 Ground Effect Page 1 of 9 Pentagon & Boeing 757 Ground Effect In the aftermath of 9/11, I have heard many claims that a 757 could not possible have hit the Pentagon because the plane cannot fly so low to the ground

More information

Spin. CHARACTERISTICS of CESSNA MODELS 150, A150,152, A152, 172, R172 & 177 D

Spin. CHARACTERISTICS of CESSNA MODELS 150, A150,152, A152, 172, R172 & 177 D ! I I Spin CHARACTERISTICS of CESSNA MODELS 150, A150,152, A152, 172, R172 & 177 D5014-2-13 The subject of airplane spinning is a complex one, which is often over-simplified during hangar-ffying sessions.

More information

THEORY OF GLIDER FLIGHT

THEORY OF GLIDER FLIGHT THEORY OF GLIDER FLIGHT In 1988 the Soaring Society rewrote the Joy Of Soaring originally written by Carle Conway. I was asked to assist in the rewriting. The following revision is part of what I recommended.

More information

Compiled by Matt Zagoren

Compiled by Matt Zagoren The information provided in this document is to be used during simulated flight only and is not intended to be used in real life. Attention VA's - you may post this file on your site for download. Please

More information

air cadet publication

air cadet publication air cadet publication ACP 33 flight volume 2 - principles of flight No Amendment List Date Amended by Date Incorporated 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 i ACP 33 FLIGHT CONTENTS Volume 1... History

More information

ATPL Principles of Flight - deel 2

ATPL Principles of Flight - deel 2 ATPL Principles of Flight - deel 2 1. If flaps are deployed at constant IAS in straight and level flight, the magnitude of tip vortices will eventually: (flap span less then wing span) A decrease B remain

More information

Stalls and Spins. Tom Johnson CFIG

Stalls and Spins. Tom Johnson CFIG Stalls and Spins Tom Johnson CFIG Do we need all of this? Lift The force created by moving the wing through the air. Angle of Attack: The angle between the relative wind and the wing chord line. Stalls

More information

XII.A-D. Basic Attitude Instrument Flight

XII.A-D. Basic Attitude Instrument Flight References: FAA-H-8083-3; FAA-8083-3-15 Objectives Key Elements Elements Schedule Equipment IP s Actions SP s Actions Completion Standards The student should develop knowledge of the elements related to

More information

Figure 1. Curtis 1911 model D type IV pusher

Figure 1. Curtis 1911 model D type IV pusher This material can be found in more detail in Understanding Flight 1 st and 2 nd editions by David Anderson and Scott Eberhardt, McGraw-Hill, 2001, and 2009 A Physical Description of Flight; Revisited David

More information

VII.E. Normal and Crosswind Approach and Landing

VII.E. Normal and Crosswind Approach and Landing References: FAA-H-8083-3; POH/AFM Objectives Key Elements Elements Schedule Equipment IP s Actions SP s Actions Completion Standards The student should be able to perform a normal approach and landing

More information

Learn About. Quick Write

Learn About. Quick Write LESSON 4 Aircraft Motion and Control L Quick Write Colonel Lowe had the training, the experience, and the ability to stay calm in the middle of chaos. He used these qualities to rescue others. What are

More information

Applications of Bernoulli s principle. Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure

Applications of Bernoulli s principle. Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure Applications of Bernoulli s principle Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure Artery o When blood flows through narrower regions of arteries, the speed increases

More information

HIGH ALTITUDE AERODYNAMICS

HIGH ALTITUDE AERODYNAMICS HIGH ALTITUDE AERODYNAMICS CRITICAL ASPECTS OF MACH FLIGHT In recent years, a number of corporate jet airplanes have been involved in catastrophic loss of control during high-altitude/high-speed flight.

More information

A Different Approach to Teaching Engine-Out Glides

A Different Approach to Teaching Engine-Out Glides A ifferent Approach to Teaching Engine-Out Glides es Glatt, Ph., ATP/CFI-AI, AGI/IGI When student pilots begin to learn about emergency procedures, the concept of the engine-out glide is introduced. The

More information

CASE STUDY FOR USE WITH SECTION B

CASE STUDY FOR USE WITH SECTION B GCE A level 135/01-B PHYSICS ASSESSMENT UNIT PH5 A.M. THURSDAY, 0 June 013 CASE STUDY FOR USE WITH SECTION B Examination copy To be given out at the start of the examination. The pre-release copy must

More information

Taildragger Technique

Taildragger Technique Taildragger Technique Rudder Usage There is no mystery involved in the takeoff of a conventional gear aeroplane. There are, however, certain elements of flight that may require the acquisition of new and

More information

FUSELAGE. An aircraft s main body section that holds crew and passengers or cargo It is derived from the French word Fusele Spindle shaped

FUSELAGE. An aircraft s main body section that holds crew and passengers or cargo It is derived from the French word Fusele Spindle shaped DAY 2 FUSELAGE FUSELAGE An aircraft s main body section that holds crew and passengers or cargo It is derived from the French word Fusele Spindle shaped FUSELAGE FUSELAGE ASSEMBLAGE TYPES OF FUSELAGE STRUCTURE

More information

Table of Contents. Career Overview... 4

Table of Contents. Career Overview... 4 Table of Contents Career Overview.................................................. 4 Basic Lesson Plans Hot-Air Balloons Activity 1 Your First Hot-Air Balloon.... 5 Activity 2 Surface Area and Volume...

More information

How An Airplane Wing Creates Lift

How An Airplane Wing Creates Lift 2004 Transportation Education Academy Activity: How An Airplane Wing Creates Lift Standards being met for technological literacy: 1. Number 8 2. Number 9 3. Number 11 4. Number 18 Description: In this

More information

WIPLINE 3450 SEAPLANE FLOATS

WIPLINE 3450 SEAPLANE FLOATS FOUND SUPPLEMENT M400-S08 Transport Canada Approved Flight Manual Supplement For WIPLINE MODEL 3450 SEAPLANE FLOATS This supplemental manual is applicable to Wipline Model 3450 seaplane float equipped

More information

Flightlab Ground School 7. Longitudinal Dynamic Stability

Flightlab Ground School 7. Longitudinal Dynamic Stability Flightlab Ground School 7. Longitudinal Dynamic Copyright Flight Emergency & Advanced Maneuvers Training, Inc. dba Flightlab, 2009. All rights reserved. For Training Purposes Only Introduction to is the

More information

Aircraft - Very Heavy Lift at Very Low Cost

Aircraft - Very Heavy Lift at Very Low Cost Aircraft - Very Heavy Lift at Very Low Cost Stephen Funck This is a span loader for standard shipping containers. The design goal is the lowest cost per ton / mile. Low wing loading allows for low flight

More information

CIRRUS AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL

CIRRUS AIRPLANE MAINTENANCE MANUAL RUDDER 1. GENERAL The rudder provides airplane directional (yaw) control and includes a rudder trim tab used for yaw trim adjustment. The rudder is of conventional design with skin, spar and ribs manufactured

More information

C-182P MANEUVERS GUIDE TABLE OF CONTENTS

C-182P MANEUVERS GUIDE TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION The following maneuver guide is designed to provide a technique for completing each VFR maneuver required by the FAA s Practical Test Standards for the Private Practical Test. By performing

More information

BOEING COMMERCIAL AIRPLANE GROUP FLIGHT OPERATIONS TECHNICAL BULLETIN

BOEING COMMERCIAL AIRPLANE GROUP FLIGHT OPERATIONS TECHNICAL BULLETIN BOEING COMMERCIAL AIRPLANE GROUP FLIGHT OPERATIONS TECHNICAL BULLETIN NUMBER: 707 717 727 737 747 02-1 B-717-02-09 02-1 02-2 13 747-400 757 767 777 DC-8 50 68 68 10 DC-8-02-01 DC-9 DC-10 MD-80 MD-90 MD-10

More information

Fighter aircraft design. Aerospace Design Project G. Dimitriadis

Fighter aircraft design. Aerospace Design Project G. Dimitriadis Fighter aircraft design Aerospace Design Project 2017-2018 G. Dimitriadis General configuration The elements of the general configuration are the following: Wing Wing placement Airfoil Number of engines

More information

The Addition of Vortex Generators for STOL performance and or for Meeting the Light Sport Aircraft Rules

The Addition of Vortex Generators for STOL performance and or for Meeting the Light Sport Aircraft Rules The Addition of Vortex Generators for STOL performance and or for Meeting the Light Sport Aircraft Rules This modification allows the Europa XS or Classic aircraft to operate with a greater stall margin

More information

Maximum Rate Turns. Objective To carry out a balanced, maximum rate, level turn using full power.

Maximum Rate Turns. Objective To carry out a balanced, maximum rate, level turn using full power. Advanced Manoeuvres Maximum Rate Turns To achieve the maximum rate of turn, the greatest possible force toward the centre of the turn is required. This is achieved by inclining the lift vector as far as

More information

Aerodynamically Efficient Wind Turbine Blade S Arunvinthan 1, Niladri Shekhar Das 2, E Giriprasad 3 (Avionics, AISST- Amity University, India)

Aerodynamically Efficient Wind Turbine Blade S Arunvinthan 1, Niladri Shekhar Das 2, E Giriprasad 3 (Avionics, AISST- Amity University, India) International Journal of Engineering Science Invention ISSN (Online): 2319 6734, ISSN (Print): 2319 6726 Volume 3 Issue 4ǁ April 2014ǁ PP.49-54 Aerodynamically Efficient Wind Turbine Blade S Arunvinthan

More information

Straight and Level. Basic Concepts. Figure 1

Straight and Level. Basic Concepts. Figure 1 Basic Concepts Straight and Level This lesson should start with you asking the student what they did in the last lesson, what do they remember, and determining if they have remembered correctly. We must

More information

CHAPTER 8 MANEUVERS TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 8 MANEUVERS TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 8 MANEUVERS TABLE OF CONTENTS Transition Airspeeds... 3 Checklists and callouts during maneuvers... 3 Guidance to better maneuver execution... 3 Taxiing... 5 Pre-Maneuver Checklist... 6 Clearing

More information

AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL DESIGN & ANALYSIS K. RAMAJEYATHILAGAM

AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL DESIGN & ANALYSIS K. RAMAJEYATHILAGAM AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL DESIGN & ANALYSIS K. RAMAJEYATHILAGAM To invent an airplane is nothing To build one is something But to fly is everything Lilienthal DAY 1 WHAT IS AN AIRCRAFT? An aircraft is a vehicle,

More information

FLIGHT TRAINING INSTRUCTION

FLIGHT TRAINING INSTRUCTION NAVAL AIR TRAINING COMMAND NAS CORPUS CHRISTI, TEXAS CNAT RA P-763 (Rev. 10-12) FLIGHT TRAINING INSTRUCTION OUT-OF-CONTROL FLIGHT T-6A/B 2012 FLIGHT TRAINING INSTRUCTION FOR OUT-OF-CONTROL FLIGHT T-6A/B

More information

POWER-OFF 180 ACCURACY APPROACH AND LANDING

POWER-OFF 180 ACCURACY APPROACH AND LANDING POWER-OFF 180 ACCURACY APPROACH AND LANDING OBJECTIVE To teach the commercial student the knowledge of the elements related to a power-off 180 accuracy approach and landing. COMPLETION STANDARDS 1. Considers

More information

LEVEL FOUR AVIATION EVALUATION PRACTICE TEST

LEVEL FOUR AVIATION EVALUATION PRACTICE TEST Below you will find a practice test for the Level 4 Aviation Evaluation that covers PO431, PO432, PO436, and PO437. It is recommended that you focus on the material covered in the practice test as you

More information

Flight Profiles are designed as a guideline. Power settings are recommended and subject to change based

Flight Profiles are designed as a guideline. Power settings are recommended and subject to change based MANEUVERS AND PROCEDURES Flight Profiles are designed as a guideline. Power settings are recommended and subject to change based upon actual conditions (i.e. aircraft weight, pressure altitude, icing conditions,

More information

Rigging the Pitts by Doug Sowder, IAC #14590

Rigging the Pitts by Doug Sowder, IAC #14590 Rigging the Pitts by Doug Sowder, IAC #14590 Pitts not flying so straight anymore? Don t believe that a Pitts can fly hands-off? Maybe you need to set aside a Saturday and do some rigging. The maintenance

More information

COURSE OBJECTIVES CHAPTER 9

COURSE OBJECTIVES CHAPTER 9 COURSE OBJECTIVES CHAPTER 9 9. SHIP MANEUVERABILITY 1. Be qualitatively familiar with the 3 broad requirements for ship maneuverability: a. Controls fixed straightline stability b. Response c. Slow speed

More information

Flying The Boeing Advanced

Flying The Boeing Advanced Flying The Boeing 727-200 Advanced This section includes Pilot s Operating Handbook and Checklists. The POH section is first, followed by the Checklists. FOM: This section includes performance data on

More information

Parasite Drag. by David F. Rogers Copyright c 2005 David F. Rogers. All rights reserved.

Parasite Drag. by David F. Rogers  Copyright c 2005 David F. Rogers. All rights reserved. Parasite Drag by David F. Rogers http://www.nar-associates.com Copyright c 2005 David F. Rogers. All rights reserved. How many of you still have a Grimes rotating beacon on both the top and bottom of the

More information

VII.H. Go-Around/Rejected Landing

VII.H. Go-Around/Rejected Landing VII.H. Go-Around/Rejected Landing References: FAA-H-8083-3; POH/AFM Objectives Key Elements Elements Schedule Equipment IP s Actions SP s Actions Completion Standards The student should develop knowledge

More information

Induced Drag Reduction for Modern Aircraft without Increasing the Span of the Wing by Using Winglet

Induced Drag Reduction for Modern Aircraft without Increasing the Span of the Wing by Using Winglet International Journal of Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering IJMME-IJENS Vol:10 No:03 49 Induced Drag Reduction for Modern Aircraft without Increasing the Span of the Wing by Using Winglet Mohammad Ilias

More information

Four forces on an airplane

Four forces on an airplane Four forces on an airplane By NASA.gov on 10.12.16 Word Count 824 Level MAX TOP: An airplane pictured on June 30, 2016. Courtesy of Pexels. BOTTOM: Four forces on an airplane. Courtesy of NASA. A force

More information

Chapter 5 Wing design - selection of wing parameters - 3 Lecture 21 Topics

Chapter 5 Wing design - selection of wing parameters - 3 Lecture 21 Topics Chapter 5 Wing design - selection of wing parameters - 3 Lecture 21 Topics 5.3.2 Choice of sweep ( ) 5.3.3 Choice of taper ratio ( λ ) 5.3.4 Choice of twist ( ε ) 5.3.5 Wing incidence(i w ) 5.3.6 Choice

More information

Improvement of an Artificial Stall Warning System for Sailplanes

Improvement of an Artificial Stall Warning System for Sailplanes Improvement of an Artificial Stall Warning System for Sailplanes Loek M. M. Boermans and Bart Berendsen Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering P.O.Box 5058, 2600 GB Delft, The

More information

DISCLAIMER: This scanned version of the Schweizer 2-33A Sailplane manual is provided without warranty of completeness or accuracy.

DISCLAIMER: This scanned version of the Schweizer 2-33A Sailplane manual is provided without warranty of completeness or accuracy. DISCLAIMER: This scanned version of the Schweizer 2-33A Sailplane manual is provided without warranty of completeness or accuracy. It is solely as a service to builders of scale model aircraft who are

More information

AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SPIN PHENOMENON FOR DELTA WING

AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SPIN PHENOMENON FOR DELTA WING ICAS 2002 CONGRESS AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SPIN PHENOMENON FOR DELTA WING Yoshiaki NAKAMURA (nakamura@nuae.nagoya-u.ac.jp) Takafumi YAMADA (yamada@nuae.nagoya-u.ac.jp) Department of Aerospace Engineering,

More information

SULAYMANIYAH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT MATS

SULAYMANIYAH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT MATS KURDISTAN REGIONAL GOVERNMENT SULAYMANIYAH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT MATS APPENDIX " O " SPEED CONTROL GUIDANCE ( First Edition ) April 2012 Prepared By Fakhir.F. Mohammed Civil Aviation Consultant APPENDIX

More information

JAR-23 Normal, Utility, Aerobatic, and Commuter Category Aeroplanes \ Issued 11 March 1994 \ Section 1- Requirements \ Subpart C - Structure \ General

JAR-23 Normal, Utility, Aerobatic, and Commuter Category Aeroplanes \ Issued 11 March 1994 \ Section 1- Requirements \ Subpart C - Structure \ General JAR 23.301 Loads \ JAR 23.301 Loads (a) Strength requirements are specified in terms of limit loads (the maximum loads to be expected in service) and ultimate loads (limit loads multiplied by prescribed

More information

Wing-Body Combinations

Wing-Body Combinations Wing-Body Combinations even a pencil at an angle of attack will generate lift, albeit small. Hence, lift is produced by the fuselage of an airplane as well as the wing. The mating of a wing with a fuselage

More information

Pilot Training Manual & Logbook

Pilot Training Manual & Logbook Canberra Model Aircraft Club Canberra A.C.T Pilot Training Manual & Logbook Issue Date: November 2009 www.cmac.org.au Contents Learning to Fly Radio Controlled Aircraft... 3 Introduction... 3 Student Pilot

More information

Airfoil Selection. By: Bill Husa

Airfoil Selection. By: Bill Husa Airfoil Selection By: Bill Husa Recently there has been a rash of activity relating to the selection or design of wing airfoils. In this article, I will attempt to clarify some of the issues associated

More information

Low-Speed Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Stability and Control Characteristics of a Series of Flying Wings With Sweep Angles of 50

Low-Speed Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Stability and Control Characteristics of a Series of Flying Wings With Sweep Angles of 50 NASA Technical Memorandum 464 Low-Speed Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Stability and Control Characteristics of a Series of Flying Wings With Sweep Angles of 5 Scott P. Fears Lockheed Engineering & Sciences

More information

G - LOAD Longitudinal Static Stability

G - LOAD Longitudinal Static Stability GYROPLANE ASTM STANDARDS PART 5 G - LOAD Longitudinal Static Stability By Greg Gremminger Greg Gremminger has served as the Chairman of the ASTM Light Sport Aircraft Gyroplane subcommittee developing the

More information

AEROCET 3400 AMPHIBIOUS FLOATS

AEROCET 3400 AMPHIBIOUS FLOATS FOUND SUPPLEMENT M400-S10 Transport Canada Approved Flight Manual Supplement For AEROCET MODEL 3400 AMPHIBIOUS FLOATS This supplemental manual is applicable to Aerocet Model 3400 amphibious float equipped

More information

Twist Distributions for Swept Wings, Part 2

Twist Distributions for Swept Wings, Part 2 On the Wing... #162 Twist Distributions for Swept Wings, Part 2 Having defined and provided examples of lift distributions in Part 1, we now move on to describing the stalling patterns of untwisted and

More information