# Aviation Merit Badge Knowledge Check

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1 Aviation Merit Badge Knowledge Check Name: Troop: Location: Test Score: Total: Each question is worth 2.5 points. 70% is passing Dan Beard Council Aviation Knowledge Check 1

2 Question 1: The upward acting force on an aircraft is which of the following: Thrust Lift Drag Heading Weight Question 2: The downward acting force on an aircraft is which of the following: Thrust Lift Drag Heading Weight Question 3: The forward acting force on an aircraft is which of the following: Thrust Lift Drag Heading Weight Question 4: The air resistance or backward acting force on an aircraft is which of the following: Thrust Lift Drag Heading Weight Question 5 The area of lowest pressure on a wing is which of the following: The bottom of the wing where the air flow is faster. The top of the wing where the air flow is faster Both the top and bottom of the wing. D The bottom of the wing where the air flow is slower. The top of the wing where the air flow is slower Aviation Knowledge Check 2

3 Rudder Elevator Aileron Question 6 If the pilot presses the control wheel forward, what will happen to the aircraft's attitude? The elevators will move upward and the nose of the aircraft will pitch up The elevators will move upward and the nose of the aircraft will pitch down The elevators will move downward and the nose of the aircraft will pitch up The elevators will move downward and the nose of the aircraft will pitch down One elevator goes up and the other down causing the plane to turn to the right. Question 7 If the pilot turns the control wheel to the right, what will happen to the aircraft's attitude? The left aileron will go up and the right one will go down, the plane rolls to the right The left aileron will go up and the right one will go down, the plane rolls to the left Both elevators go down and the plane begins to descend. The left aileron will go down and the right one will go up, the plane rolls to the right The left aileron will go down and the right one will go up, the plane rolls to the left Question 8 If the pilot presses the left rudder pedal, what will happen to the aircraft's attitude? The rudder will go to the right and the plane will yaw to the right. The rudder will go to the right and the plane will yaw to the left. Both rudders go down and the plane begins to descend. The rudder will go to the left and the plane will yaw to the right. The rudder will go to the left and the plane will yaw to the left. Question 9 True or False? A propeller is a rotating airfoil that creates lower pressure on one side of its surface than the other. True False Question 10 Takeoff and Straight Climb (Given an airplane with tricycle landing gear, the elevators are neutral, ailerons level, and rudder centered.) The rudder is generally used to steer the airplane down the runway. When flying speed is reached, the pilot is ready to rotate and takes off. The pilot does this by Pulling back on the control wheel until the nose is 8 to 10 degrees above level. Turning the control wheel to the left. Pushing both rudder pedals. Pulls all the way back on the control wheel. Turning the control wheel to the right. Aviation Knowledge Check 3

4 Question 11 Level Turn For a pilot to execute a level turn to the left, the following occurs He/she turns the control wheel to the left. The left aileron goes up and the right aileron goes down. He/she presses the left rudder pedal if the ball is left. The rudder goes to the left if the left rudder petal is pressed. All the above. Question 12 Climbing Turn To execute a climbing right turn, the pilot does NOT do one of the following: F. Turns the control wheel to the right. G. Pushes forward on the control wheel. H. Presses the right rudder pedal if the ball is right. I. Pulls back on the wheel. J. Increases power. Question 13 Descending Turn To execute a descending right turn, the pilot does NOT do one of the following: Turns the control wheel to the right. Pushes forward on the control wheel. Presses one of the rudder pedals to center the ball Pulls back on the wheel. Decreases power. Question 14 Straight Descent To descend on a straight course- The rudder is in neutral position. The ailerons are in neutral position. The elevators are down slightly. The tail is up and the nose is down. All the above. Question 15 True or False: A major factor that determines if a runway is in use (active) depends on the wind direction. True False Question 16 True or False: A runway numbered 28 means that a pilot approaching this runway for landing would read an indicated compass heading of 28 degrees on his/her compass. True False From the Group A instruments on the last page, identify the following instruments: Question 17 Question 18 Attitude Indicator Altimeter Aviation Knowledge Check 4

5 Question 19 Tachometer Question 20 Turn and Bank Indicator From the Group B instruments on the last page, identify the following instruments: Question 21 Vertical Speed Indicator Question 22 Compass Question 23 Question 24 Question 25 Oil Pressure Airspeed Indicator Engine Temperature Aviation Knowledge Check 5

6 Use both Group A and Group B instruments on the last page to answer the following instrument questions. Question 26 What is the general attitude of the aircraft? The airplane is banked to the right The airplane is banked to the left The airplane is flying nose down relative to the horizon The airplane is flying nose up relative to the horizon Both B and C Question 27 What is the altitude of the aircraft? 2400 feet 3500 feet 4600 feet 240 feet 350 feet Question 28 What is the airspeed of the aircraft? 320 knots 140 knots 100 knots 120 knots 200 knots Question 29 In which direction is the airplane turning? The airplane is turning to the right and is correctly banked The airplane is turning to the right and is not correctly banked The airplane is turning to the left and is correctly banked The airplane is turning to the right and is not correctly banked The airplane is not turning or banked Question 30 Is the airplane climbing or descending? The airplane is climbing at 500 feet per minute The airplane is climbing at 1000 feet per minute The airplane is descending at 500 feet per minute The airplane is descending at 1500 feet per minute The airplane is neither climbing or descending Question 31 What direction is the airplane heading? The airplane is flying a course of 10 degrees The airplane is flying a course of 30 degrees The airplane is flying a course of 32 degrees The airplane is flying a course of 320 degree None of the above Question 32 How fast is the engine running, revolutions per minute (rpm)? 190 rpm 1900 rpm 210 rpm 2100 rpm 2200 rpm Question 33 What information is available about the temperature of the engine? The engine temperature is low and below 200 degrees The engine temperature is normal and about 300 degrees The engine temperature is normal and about 350 degrees The engine temperature is normal and about 400 degrees The engine temperature is above redline and a problem exists Aviation Knowledge Check 6

7 The following questions deal with Pilot Certificates Question 34 The abbreviation VFR stands for which of the following? Vertical Flying Regulations Virtual Flying References Visual Flight Rules Varying Flight Requirements Question 35 The abbreviation IFR stands for which of the following? Integrated Flying Regulations Instrument Flight Rules Independent Flying Rules Integrated Flight Requirements Question 36 A Recreational Pilot is limited to what maximum nautical mile range? Question 37 You may solo an airplane, or get a glider or balloon certificate at what age? Question 38 Is a nautical mile greater or less than a regular (statute) mile? Question 39 Some aircraft contain a GPS to aid in navigation. GPS stands for G P S Question 40 A VOR instrument in the cockpit is used for the following: An autopilot that can be programmed to make allow the pilot to rest. A navigation aid that can be used for flying cross country A Voice of Radio unit for communicating with Air Traffic Control An emergency transmitter used to locate the nearest airport. Aviation Knowledge Check 7

8 Aviation Knowledge Check 8

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