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1 TOP-LINE DATA

2 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 2 Prepared by TNS Opinion & Social 12 Place Henri Berger 1300 Wavre Belgium Tel: + 32 (0) Fax: + 32 (0) website : TECHNICAL NOTE

3 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 3 Transatlantic Trends 2004 is a project of the German Marshall Fund of the United States and the Compagnia di San Paolo (Italy) with additional support from the Luso-American Foundation (Portugal), Fundación BBVA (Spain) and the Institute for Public Affairs (Slovakia). Fieldwork The fieldwork was coordinated by TNS Opinion & Social. Interviews were conducted between June 6 th, 2004 and June 26 th, 2004 by these 11 TNS Opinion & Social: Germany - TNS EMNID - Bielefeld France TNS Sofres Paris Italy DOXA - Milan Netherlands TNS NIPO Amsterdam Portugal TNS EUROTESTE - Lisbon Spain TNS Demoscopia - Madrid United Kingdom ICM London Poland TNS OBOP Warsaw Slovakia TNS FACTUM - Bratislava Turkey TNS PIAR - Istanbul USA Leger Marketing - Montreal Each national sample is representative of the population aged 18 years and above. The sample sizes amount to approximately 1000 respondents in each country. Germany: 1001 France: 1006 Italy: 1002 Netherlands: 1002 Portugal: 1003

4 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 4 Spain: 1000 United Kingdom: 1000 Poland: 1000 Slovakia: 1000 Turkey: 1006 USA: 1000 Methodology: Computer Assisted Telephone Interviews (Except in Poland, Slovakia and Turkey where face-to-face interviews were conducted due to the low telephone penetration rate in these three countries). Random sampling.

5 NOTES TO READERS

6 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 6 The summary topline report shows results for each of the 11 countries surveyed: USA FR = France GER = Germany UK= The United Kingdom IT = Italy NL = The Netherlands PL = Poland PT = Portugal SP= Spain SK = Slovakia TR = Turkey Results for Europe as a whole are also indicated. In order to compare with the results of 2003 and to take into consideration the addition of Spain, Slovakia and Turkey in this year s survey, there are 3 separate totals for the results of Europe: Europe 7: 2004 Results for Europe based on seven European countries: United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Poland and Portugal (also surveyed in 2003). Europe 10: 2004 Results for Europe based on the 10 European countries surveyed in 2004 (Europe 7 plus Slovakia, Spain and Turkey). Europe 9: 2004 Results for Europe based on the 9 European countries surveyed in 2004 (Europe 10 minus Turkey). The figures given for Europe are weighted on the basis of the adult population in each of the European countries. Where available, data from Transatlantic Trends 2003 and Worldviews 2002 are provided. For purposes of comparison, figures are shown below the 2004 corresponding figure in italic. All figures except for question 8 are expressed in percentage terms. Due to the rounding off of the results, in certain tables the figures representing a sum of results can differ by +/- one point compared to the actual sum of individual results. For the results based on the total sample in each of the eleven countries, one can say with 95% confidence that the margin of error attributable to sampling and other random effects is plus or minus three percentage points. For results based on the total European sample, the margin of error is plus or minus one percentage point.

7 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 7 Question 1: Do you think it will be best for the future of [own country] if we take an active part in world affairs or if we stay out of world affairs? Active part Stay out Not sure/ Refusal

8 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 8 Q2. How desirable is it that the United States [ European Union for the U.S.] exert strong leadership in world affairs? Very, somewhat desirable, somewhat undesirable, or very undesirable? Very desirable Somewhat desirable Somewhat undesirable Very undesirable [Neither or both equally - SPONTANEOUS] [Don't Know / Refusal]

9 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 9 Q3. In thinking about international affairs, which statement comes closer to your position about the United States and the European Union? The US should remain the only superpower The EU should become a superpower like the US [No country should be a superpower - SPONTANEOUS] [Don't Know / Refusal]

10 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 10 Q4a. [] Are you opposed to superpower status for the European Union because you think it would require increased military expenditure? Q4a. [USA] But what if the EU could help share the cost and the risks of global problems? Would you still oppose the EU becoming a superpower? [Only if q3=1 (The US should remain the only superpower)] (N=656) (N=775 (N= 715) (N=400) (N=50) (N=95) (N=210) (N=58) (N=84) (N=102) (N=57) (N=28) (N=31) (N=60) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

11 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 11 Q4b. [] Would you be willing for the European Union to be a superpower even if this implies greater military expenditures? Q4b [USA] But what if the EU sometimes opposed US policies? Would you still favor the EU becoming a superpower? [Only if q3=2 (The EU should become a superpower, like the US)] (N=4951) (N=6459) (N=6056) (N=406) (N=839) (N=733) (N=539) (N=736) (N=765) (N=687) (N=652) (N=743) (N=362) (N=403) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

12 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 12 Q4c Do you think a more powerful European Union is desirable because it would be able [Asked to all those who answer 2 (the EU should become a superpower like the US) to Q.3] To compete more effectively with the US To cooperate more effectively with the US (N=4951) (N=6459) (N=6056) (N=406) (N=839) (N=733) (N=539) (N=736) (N=765) (N=687) (N=652) (N=743) (N=362) (N=403) [Both - SPONTANEOUS] [Don't Know / Refusal]

13 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 13 Q5. And overall, do you think [country's] government is spending too much, too little, or about the right amount on defense? Too much Too little About the right amount [Don't Know / Refusal]

14 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 14 Q6. I am going to read you a list of possible international threats to [Europe (in Europe)/US (in the US)] in the next 10 years. Please tell me if you think each one on the list is an extremely important threat, an important threat, or not an important threat at all. a) Islamic fundamentalism (the more radical stream of Islam) Extremely important threat to [Europe/USA] in the next 10 years Important threat Not important threat [Don't Know / Refusal]

15 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 15 Q6. I am going to read you a list of possible international threats to [Europe/US] in the next 10 years. Please tell me if you think each one on the list is an extremely important threat, an important threat, or not an important threat at all. b) Large numbers of immigrants and refugees coming into [Europe/USA] Extremely important threat to [Europe/USA] in the next 10 years Important threat Not important threat [Don't Know / Refusal]

16 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 16 Q6. I am going to read you a list of possible international threats to [Europe/US] in the next 10 years. Please tell me if you think each one on the list is an extremely important threat, an important threat, or not an important threat at all. c) International terrorism Extremely important threat to [Europe/USA] in the next 10 years Important threat Not important threat [Don't Know / Refusal]

17 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 17 Q6. I am going to read you a list of possible international threats to [Europe/US] in the next 10 years. Please tell me if you think each one on the list is an extremely important threat, an important threat, or not an important threat at all. d) Military conflict between Israel and its Arab neighbours Extremely important threat to [Europe/USA] in the next 10 years Important threat Not important threat [Don't Know / Refusal]

18 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 18 Q6. I am going to read you a list of possible international threats to [Europe/US] in the next 10 years. Please tell me if you think each one on the list is an extremely important threat, an important threat, or not an important threat at all. e) The global spread of a disease such as AIDS Extremely important threat to [Europe/USA] in the next 10 years Important threat Not important threat [Don't Know / Refusal]

19 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 19 Q6. I am going to read you a list of possible international threats to [Europe/US] in the next 10 years. Please tell me if you think each one on the list is an extremely important threat, an important threat, or not an important threat at all. f) A major economic downturn Extremely important threat to [Europe/USA] in the next 10 years Important threat Not important threat [Don't Know / Refusal]

20 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 20 Q6. I am going to read you a list of possible international threats to [Europe/US] in the next 10 years. Please tell me if you think each one on the list is an extremely important threat, an important threat, or not an important threat at all. g) A terrorist attack on [COUNTRY] using weapons of mass destruction Extremely important threat to [Europe/USA] in the next 10 years Important threat Not important threat [Don't Know / Refusal]

21 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 21 Q7. Would you say your overall opinion of the United Nations is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? Very favorable Mostly favorable Mostly unfavorable Very unfavorable [Never heard - SPONTANEOUS] [Don't Know / Refusal]

22 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 22 Q8. Next I'd like you to rate your feelings toward some countries, institutions and people, with one hundred meaning a very warm, favorable feeling, zero meaning a very cold, unfavorable feeling, and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred. If you have no opinion or have never heard of that country or institution, please say so. a) The United States b) Russia c) Israel d) The European Union e) The Palestinians f) North Korea g) Turkey h) China i) Iran j) Saudi Arabia k) France l) Germany

23 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 23 Q9. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the President of the United States George W. Bush is handling international policies? Very much or somewhat? Approve very much Approve somewhat Disapprove somewhat Disapprove very much [Don't Know / Refusal]

24 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 24 Q10. Some people say that the US and the EU have enough common values to be able to cooperate on international problems. Other people say that the US and the EU have such different values that cooperating on international problems is impossible. Which view is closer to your own? Enough common values to be able to cooperate on international problems Such different values that cooperating on international problems is impossible [Don't Know / Refusal]

25 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 25 Q11. [USA] In terms of American vital interests today, which is more important to the United States: the countries of Europe, such as Britain, France and Germany, or the countries of Asia such as China, Japan and south Korea? The countries of Europe The countries of Asia 29 [Both equally important - SPONTANEOUS] [Don't Know / Refusal]

26 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 26 Q11. [] In terms of [own country] vital interests today, which are more important to [own country]: the European Union or the United States? European Union United States [Both equally important - SPONTANEOUS] [Don't Know / Refusal]

27 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 27 Q12. In recent years, have Europe and the United States grown closer, further apart or remained about the same? Grown closer Further apart Remained about the same [Don't Know / Refusal]

28 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 28 Q13a. And in light of what happened in Iraq, do you think that the partnership between the U.S. and the European Union should become closer, should remain about the same or should the [European Union/United States] take a more independent approach from the [United States/European Union] in security and diplomatic affairs? [SPLIT between Q13a & Q13b] (N=3507) (N=5025) (N=4516) (N=502) (N=485) (N=496) (N=500) (N=532) (N=485) (N=499) (N=510) (N=500) (N=509) (N=509) Become closer Remain as close Take a more independent approach [Don't Know / Refusal]

29 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 29 Q13b. And do you think that the partnership between the U.S. and the European Union should become closer, should remain about the same or should the [European Union/ United States] take a more independent approach from the [United States/ European Union] in security and diplomatic affairs? [SPLIT between Q13a & Q13b] (N=3507) (N=4995) (N=4498) (N=498) (N=521) (N=505) (N=500) (N=470) (N=517) (N=501) (N=493) (N=500) (N=491) (N=497) Become closer Remain as close Take a more independent approach [Don't Know / Refusal]

30 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 30 Q14. Some people say that NATO is still essential to our country security. Others say it is no longer essential. Which of these views is closer to your own? Still essential No longer essential [Don't Know / Refusal]

31 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 31 Q15. Now I would like to ask you some questions about when [country] should use its military force. For each of the following reasons, would you approve or disapprove the use of [survey country] military forces? a) to prevent an imminent terrorist attack Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

32 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 32 Q15. Now I would like to ask you some questions about when [country] should use its military force. For each of the following reasons, would you approve or disapprove the use of [survey country] military forces? b) to provide food and medical assistance to victims of war Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

33 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 33 Q15. Now I would like to ask you some questions about when [country] should use its military force. For each of the following reasons, would you approve or disapprove the use of [survey country] military forces? c) to stop the fighting in a civil war Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

34 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 34 Q15. Now I would like to ask you some questions about when [country] should use its military force. For each of the following reasons, would you approve or disapprove the use of [survey country] military forces? d) to ensure the supply of oil Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

35 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 35 Q15. Now I would like to ask you some questions about when [country] should use its military force. For each of the following reasons, would you approve or disapprove the use of [survey country] military forces? e) to provide peacekeeping troops after a civil war has ended Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

36 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 36 Q15. Now I would like to ask you some questions about when [country] should use its military force. For each of the following reasons, would you approve or disapprove the use of [survey country] military forces? f) to remove a government that abuses human rights Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

37 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 37 Q15. Now I would like to ask you some questions about when [country] should use its military force. For each of the following reasons, would you approve or disapprove the use of [survey country] military forces? g) to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

38 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 38 Q15. Now I would like to ask you some questions about when [country] should use its military force. For each of the following reasons, would you approve or disapprove the use of [survey country] military forces? h) to defend a NATO ally that has been attacked Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

39 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 39 Q16. As you may know [COUNTRY] troops are currently stationed in Afghanistan. Do you approve or disapprove of the presence of [COUNTRY] troops in Afghanistan? [All countries except Slovakia] Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

40 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 40 Q16. As you may know there is a NATO security force stationed in Afghanistan. Would you approve or disapprove of the presence of Slovakia's troops in Afghanistan? [Slovakia only] Approve 21 Disapprove 67 [Don't Know / Refusal] 13

41 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 41 Q17a. Do you think the war in Iraq was worth the loss of life and the other costs of attacking Iraq or not? [split half with Q.17b] (N=3506) (N=5075) (N=4566) (N=504) (N=521) (N=510) (N=500) (N=477) (N=496) (N=492) (N=510) (N=506) (N=554) (N=509) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

42 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 42 Q17b. Do you think the war in Iraq to liberate the Iraqi people was worth the loss of life and the other costs of attacking Iraq or not? [split half with Q.17a] (N=3508) (N=4945) (N=4448) (N=496) (N=485) (N=491) (N=500) (N=525) (N=506) (N=508) (N=493) (N=494) (N=446) (N=497) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

43 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 43 Q18a. As you may know, [COUNTRY] troops are currently stationed in Iraq. Do you approve or disapprove of the presence of [COUNTRY] troops in Iraq? [All countries except France, Germany, Turkey, Spain] Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

44 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 44 Q18b. As you may know, [COUNTRY] decided not to send troops in Iraq. Do you approve or disapprove of this decision? [France, Germany, Turkey only] Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal] 1 2 5

45 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 45 Q18c. As you may know, [COUNTRY] decided to remove its troops stationed in Iraq. Do you approve or disapprove of this decision? [Spain only] Approve 74 Disapprove 23 [Don't Know / Refusal] 3

46 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 46 Q19a Would you approve or disapprove of sending [COUNTRY] troops to Iraq if the United Nations approves a multinational force to assist with security and reconstruction? [France, Germany, Turkey only] [Split half with Q19b] (N=532) (N=513) (N=509) Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal] 3 2 9

47 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 47 Q19b Would you approve or disapprove of sending [COUNTRY] troops to Iraq if the United Nations approves a multinational force under US command to assist with security and reconstruction? [France, Germany, Turkey only] [Split half with Q19a] (N=474) (N=488) (N=497) Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

48 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 48 Q19a Would you approve or disapprove of sending Spanish troops back to Iraq if the United Nations approves a multinational force to assist with security and reconstruction? [Spain only] [Split half with Q19b] Approve 66 (N=495) Disapprove 30 [Don't Know / Refusal] 4

49 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 49 Q19b Would you approve or disapprove of sending Spanish troops back to Iraq if the United Nations approves a multinational force under US command to assist with security and reconstruction? [Spain only] [Split half with Q19a] Approve 43 (N=505) Disapprove 53 [Don't Know / Refusal] 4

50 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 50 Q19a Would you approve or disapprove of keeping [COUNTRY] troops in Iraq if the United Nations approves a multinational force to assist with security and reconstruction? [All countries except France, Germany, Turkey, Spain] [Split half with Q19b] (N=524) (N=500) (N=483) (N=496) (N=496) (N=510) (N=586) Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

51 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 51 Q19b Would you approve or disapprove of keeping [COUNTRY] troops in Iraq if the United Nations approves a multinational force under US command to assist with security and reconstruction? [All countries except France, Germany, Turkey, Spain] [Split half with Q19a] (N=476) (N=500) (N=519) (N=506) (N=504) (N=493) (N=414) Approve Disapprove [Don't Know / Refusal]

52 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 52 Q20. According to you, has the military action in Iraq increased the threat of terrorism around the world, decreased the threat of terrorism around the world, or has it had no effect on the threat of terrorism? Increased threat of terrorism Decreased threat of terrorism Has no effect on threat of terrorism [Don't Know / Refusal]

53 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 53 Q21a. If a situation like Iraq arose in the future, do you think it is essential to secure the approval of the UN before using military force, or don't you think it is essential? (N=2342) (N=3340) (N=3004) (N=336) (N=319) (N=355) (N=333) (N=333) (N=309) (N=333) (N=360) (N=333) (N=329) (N=336) Essential Not essential [Don't Know / Refusal]

54 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 54 Q21b. If a situation like Iraq arose in the future, do you think it is essential to secure the approval of NATO before using military force, or don't you think it is essential? (N=2395) (N=3409) (N=3074) (N=329) (N=363) (N=314) (N=333) (N=354) (N=369) (N=334) (N=328) (N=333) (N=346) (N=335) Essential Not essential [Don't Know / Refusal]

55 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 55 Q21c. If a situation like Iraq arose in the future, do you think it is essential to secure the approval of the main European allies before using military force, or don't you think it is essential? (N=2277) (N=3271) (N=2936) (N=335) (N=324) (N=332) (N=334) (N=315) (N=324) (N=333) (N=315) (N=334) (N=325) (N=335) Essential Not essential [Don't Know / Refusal]

56 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 56 Q22. Generally speaking, do you think that Turkey's membership of the European Union would be...? A good thing A bad thing Neither good nor bad [Don't Know / Refusal]

57 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 57 Q23a. What is the main reason why you think Turkey's membership of the EU would be a good thing? [Only if Q22=1 (a good thing)] (N=1989) (N=3332) (N=2602) (N=425) (N=164) (N=263) (N=330) (N=451) (N=338) (N=271) (N=172) (N=389) (N=224) (N=730) It would help the EU promote peace and stability in the Middle East It would have a positive effect on Muslim communities in other European countries Turkey's membership would be good in economic terms for [the EU/Turkey] Turkey s membership will strengthen moderate Islam as a model in the Muslim world [Other SPECIFY] [Don't Know / Refusal]

58 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 58 Q23b. What is the main reason why you think Turkey's membership to the EU would be a bad thing? [Only if Q22=2 (a bad thing)] As a predominantly Muslim country, Turkey does not belong in the EU It would drag the EU in the Middle East conflict Turkey is [too poor/ too populous] to be digested in a growing EU It would make the running of the European institutions more complicated Turkey's democracy is still problematic (N= 1336) (N=1613) (N=1521) (N=57) (N=356) (N=281) (N=94) (N=166) (N=201) (N=130) (N=108) (N=96) (N=89) (N=92) [Other SPECIFY] [Don't Know / Refusal]

59 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 59 Q24a1 If there was UN approval, would you be willing to use the [COUNTRY's] armed forces to intervene in a foreign country in order to eliminate the threat of a terrorist attack? [Split between q24a (1,2,3) and q24b (1,2,3)] (N=1223) (N=2558) (N=1552) (N=183) (N=166) (N=171) (N=171) (N=166) (N=170) (N=174) (N=205) (N=171) (N=158) (N=168) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

60 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 60 Q24a2 If there was NATO approval, would you be willing to use the [COUNTRY's] armed forces to intervene in a foreign country in order to eliminate the threat of a terrorist attack? [Split between q24a (1,2,3) and q24b (1,2,3)] (N=1201) (N=2533) (N=1527) (N=157) (N=174) (N=171) (N=168) (N=166) (N=171) (N=186) (N=165) (N=160) (N=166) (N=168) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

61 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 61 Q24a3 If there was approval of the main European allies, would you be willing to use the [COUNTRY's] armed forces to intervene in a foreign country in order to eliminate the threat of a terrorist attack? [Split between q24a (1,2,3) and q24b (1,2,3)] (N=1118) (N=2485) (N=1479) (N=170) (N=162) (N=161) (N=161) (N=177) (N=160) (N=147) (N=150) (N=161) (N=200) (N=168) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

62 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 62 Q24b1 If there was UN approval, would you be willing to use the [COUNTRY's] armed forces to establish peace in a civil war in an African country? [Split between q24a (1,2,3) and q24b (1,2,3)] (N=1173) (N=2572) (N=1566) (N=146) (N=174) (N=175) (N=162) (N=178) (N=150) (N=161) (N=173) (N=167) (N=226) (N=168) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

63 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 63 Q24b2 If there was NATO approval, would you be willing to use the [COUNTRY's] armed forces to establish peace in a civil war in an African country? [Split between q24a (1,2,3) and q24b (1,2,3)] (N=1127) (N=2443) (N=1437) (N=178) (N=162) (N=160) (N=165) (N=142) (N=175) (N=162) (N=161) (N=170) (N=140) (N=168) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

64 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 64 Q24b3 If there was approval of the main European allies, would you be willing to use the [COUNTRY's] armed forces to establish peace in a civil war in an African country? [Split between q24a (1,2,3) and q24b (1,2,3)] (N=1172) (N=2459) (N=1453) (N=166) (N=168) (N=163) (N=173) (N=173) (N=176) (N=170) (N=149) (N=171) (N=110) (N=166) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

65 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 65 Q25a Would you still support the use of the [COUNTRY'S] armed forces if the UN does not approve it? [If Q24a1=1 or Q24b1=1] (N=1483) (N=2355) (N=1884) (N=240) (N=258) (N=166) (N=237 (N=250) (N=230) (N=136) (N=206) (N=246) (N=155) (N=126) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

66 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 66 Q25b. Would you still support the use of the [COUNTRY'S] armed forces if NATO does not approve it? [If Q24a1=1 or Q24b1=1] (N=1370) (N=2168) (N=1703) (N=231) (N=226) (N=141) (N=230) (N=199) (N=244) (N=147) (N=183) (N=224) (N=109) (N=128) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

67 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 67 Q25c. Would you still support the use of the [COUNTRY'S] armed forces if the main European allies do not approve it? [If Q24a3=1 or Q24b3=1] (N=1311) (N=2088) (N=1666) (N=233) (N=222) (N=147) (N=213) (N=232) (N=224) (N=112) (N=161) (N=221) (N=134) (N=118) Yes No [Don't Know / Refusal]

68 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 68 Q26. We are almost at the end of the interview, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following. a) Economic power is more important in world affairs than military power Agree strongly Agree somewhat Disagree somewhat Disagree strongly [Don't Know / Refusal]

69 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 69 Q26. We are almost at the end of the interview, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following. b) Under some conditions, war is necessary to obtain justice. Agree strongly Agree somewhat Disagree somewhat Disagree strongly [Don't Know / Refusal]

70 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 70 Q26. We are almost at the end of the interview, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following. c) When vital interests of our country are involved, it is justified to bypass the UN [If needed "vital interest means your country's security is threatened"] Agree strongly Agree somewhat Disagree somewhat Disagree strongly [Don't Know / Refusal]

71 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 71 Q26. We are almost at the end of the interview, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following. d) The best way to ensure peace is through military strength Agree strongly Agree somewhat Disagree somewhat Disagree strongly [Don't Know / Refusal]

72 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 72 Q26. We are almost at the end of the interview, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following. e) When our country acts on a national security issue, it is critical that we do so together with our closest allies Agree strongly Agree somewhat Disagree somewhat Disagree strongly [Don't Know / Refusal]

73 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 73 Q26. [] We are almost at the end of the interview, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following. f) Europe must acquire more military power to be able to protect its interests separately from the US. Agree strongly Agree somewhat Disagree somewhat Disagree strongly [Don't Know / Refusal]

74 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 74 Q26. [USA] We are almost at the end of the interview, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following. f) The US does not need the support of its European allies when it takes action globally. Agree strongly 16 Agree somewhat 21 Disagree somewhat 25 Disagree strongly 34 [Don't Know / Refusal] 4

75 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 75 Q26. We are almost at the end of the interview, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following. g) Military action to eliminate terrorist organizations is the most appropriate way to fight terrorism. Agree strongly Agree somewhat Disagree somewhat Disagree strongly [Don't Know / Refusal]

76 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 76 Q26. We are almost at the end of the interview, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following. h) Providing economic aid to raise living standards in countries where terrorists are recruited is the most appropriate way to fight terrorism. Agree strongly Agree somewhat Disagree somewhat Disagree strongly [Don't Know / Refusal]

77 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 77 Q27. [USA] Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as: A Democrat 32 A Republican 32 An Independent 25 Something else 8 [Don't Know / Refusal] 3

78 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 78 Q28. [USA] If presidential elections were held today, which candidate would you vote for? Would it be for... George W. Bush, the republican party candidate John F. Kerry, the democrat party candidate Ralph Nader, the independent candidate Would spoil ballot 0 Would not vote 3 [Don't Know / Refusal] 8 100%

79 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 79 Q29a. In deciding which party you would vote for in the next national election, which among the following considerations is most important for you? The way a party handles economic policy The way a party handles foreign and security policy The way a party handles immigration problems The way a party handles terrorism problems The way a party handles domestic issues such as education and health [Don't Know / Refusal]

80 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 80 Q29b. In deciding which party you would vote for in the next national election, which among the following considerations is second most important for you? The way a party handles economic policy The way a party handles foreign and security policy The way a party handles immigration problems The way a party handles terrorism problems The way a party handles domestic issues such as education and health [Don't Know / Refusal] % 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 1006%

81 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 81 Q29ab. In deciding which party you would vote for in the next national election, which among the following considerations is most important for you? And which is second? The way a party handles economic policy The way a party handles foreign and security policy The way a party handles immigration problems The way a party handles terrorism problems The way a party handles domestic issues such as education and health [Don't Know / Refusal]

82 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 82 Q30. [] In politics, people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place yourself on a scale from 1 to 7, where 1 means the extreme left and 7 means the extreme right? Extreme Left Left Center Left Center Center Right Right Extreme right [Don't Know / Refusal]

83 TRANSATLANTIC TRENDS 2004 TOPLINE DATA page 83 Q30. [USA] In politics, people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place yourself on a scale from 1 to 7, where 1 means the extreme left and 7 means the extreme right? Extremely Liberal/Extreme Left 4 Liberal/Left 6 Slightly Liberal/ 17 Moderate/ Middle of the road/ Center 30 Slightly Conservative/ 19 Conservative/ 10 Extremely conservative/ 7 [Don't Know / Refusal] 7 100%

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