Multiple Choice. AP B Fluids Practice Problems. Mar 22 4:15 PM. Mar 22 4:15 PM. Mar 22 4:02 PM


 Marilyn Fletcher
 8 months ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 P Fluids Practice Problems Mar 22 4:15 PM Multiple hoice Mar 22 4:15 PM 1 Two substances mercury with a density kg/m 3 and alcohol with a density 0.8 g/cm 3 are selected for an experiment. If the experiment requires equal masses of each liquid, what is the ratio of alcohol volume to the mercury volume? 1/15 1/17 1/13 1/10 17/1 1
2 2 perpendicular force is applied to a certain area and produces a pressure P. If the same force is applied to a twice bigger area, the new pressure on the surface is: 2P 4P P P/2 P/4 3 There are two round tables in the physics classroom: one with the radius of 50 cm the other with a radius of 150 cm. What is the relationship between the two forces applied on the tabletops by the atmospheric pressure? F 1 /F 2 = 1/3 F 1 /F 2 = 1/9 F 1 /F 2 = 3/1 F 1 /F 2 =9/1 F 1 /F 2 = 1/6 4 Three containers are used in a chemistry lab. ll containers have the same bottom area and the same height. chemistry student fills each of the containers with the same liquid to the maximum volume. Which of the following is true about the pressure on the bottom in each container? P1 > P2 > P3 P1 < P2 < P3 P1 < P2 > P3 P1 > P2 < P3 P1 = P2 = P3 2
3 5 What is the difference between the pressure on the bottom of a pool and the pressure on the water surface? ρgh ρg/h ρ/gh gh/ρ zero 6 boy swims a lake and initially dives 0.5 m beneath the surface. When he dives 1 m beneath the surface, how does the absolute pressure change? It doubles It quadruples It cut to a half It slightly increases It slightly decreases 7 Which of the following scientists invented a mercury barometer? laise Pascal vangelist Torricelli medeo vogadro Robert rown James Joule 3
4 8 car driver measures a tire pressure of 220 kpa. What is the absolute pressure in the tire? 321 kpa 119 kpa 0 kpa 101 kpa 220 kpa 9 In a hydraulic lift the small piston has an area of 2 cm 2 and large piston has an area of 80 cm 2. What is the mechanical advantage of the hydraulic lift? hydraulic lift is used to lift a car. The small piston has a radius of 5 cm and the large piston has a radius of 50 cm. If a driver applies a force of 88 N to the small piston, what is the weight of the car the large piston can support? 880 N 88 N 8800 N 8.8 N N 4
5 11 Three blocks of equal volume are completely submerged into water. The blocks made of different materials: aluminum, iron and lead. Which of the following is the correct statement about the buoyant force on each block? (ρaluminum = 2700 kg/m 3, ρ iron = 7800 kg/m 3, ρ lead = kg/m 3 ) F aluminum > F iron > F lead F aluminum < F iron < F lead F aluminum < F iron > F lead F aluminum = F iron = F lead F aluminum > F iron < F lead 12 piece of iron has a weight of 3.5 N when it is in air and 2.0 N when it is submerged into water. What is the buoyant force on the piece of iron? 3.5 N 2.0 N 1.5 N 1.0 N 0.5 N 13 Physics students use a spring scale to measure the weight of a piece of lead. The experiment was performed two times one in air the other in water. If the volume of lead is 50 cm 3, what is the difference between two readings on the scale? 0.5 N 5.0 N 50 N 500 N 0 N 5
6 14 solid cylinder of mass 5 kg is completely submerged into water. What is the tension force in the string supporting the cylinder if the specific gravity of the cylinder s material is 10? 5 N 0.5 N 50 N 45 N 10 N 15 n object has a weight of 9 N when it is in air and 7.2 N when it is submerged into water. What is the specific gravity of the object s material? wooden block with a weight of 7.5 N is placed on water. When the block floats on the surface of water it is partially submerged in water. What is the weight of the displaced water? 5.0 N 5.5 N 6.0 N 7.0 N 7.5 N 6
7 17 wooden block with a weight of 9 N is placed on water. When the block floats on the surface of water it is partially submerged in water. What is the volume of the displaced water? 500 cm cm cm cm cm 3 18 Water flows at a constant speed of 16 m/s through narrow section of the pipe. What is the speed of water in the section of the pipe where its radius is twice of the initial radius? 16 m/s 12 m/s 8 m/s 4 m/s 2 m/s 19 Venturi tubes have three sections with different radii. Which of the following is true about manometer readings? P 1 > P 2 > P 3 P 1 < P 2 < P 3 P 2 < P 1 < P 3 P 1 < P 2 > P 3 P 3 = P 2 = P 1 7
8 20 n open bottle is filled with a liquid which is flowing out trough a spigot located at the distance h below the surface of the liquid. What is the velocity of the liquid leaving the bottle? 2gh 4gh ρgh Free Response Mar 22 4:15 PM 1. small sphere of mass m and density is suspended from an elastic spring. The spring is stretched by a distance X 1. a. etermine the spring constant. The sphere is submerged into liquid of unknown density ρ <. The new displacement of the spring is X 2. b. On the diagram below show all the applied forces on the sphere when it is submerged. c. etermine the weight of the displaced liquid by the sphere. d. etermine the density of liquid. xpress your result in terms of, X 1, X 2. Mar 22 4:19 PM 8
9 1. small sphere of mass m and density is suspended from an elastic spring. The spring is stretched by a distance X 1. a. etermine the spring constant. Fs =W KX1=mg K =mg/x1 Mar 22 4:19 PM 1. small sphere of mass m and density is suspended from an elastic spring. The spring is stretched by a distance X 1. The sphere is submerged into liquid of unknown density ρ <. The new displacement of the spring is X 2. b. On the diagram below show all the applied forces on the sphere when it is submerged. Fouyant Fspring weight Mar 22 4:19 PM 1. small sphere of mass m and density is suspended from an elastic spring. The spring is stretched by a distance X 1. c. etermine the weight of the displaced liquid by the sphere. weight of water displaced is the same as the bouyant force. This force is equal to the weight of the sphere minus the force in the spring when the sphere is submerged weight of the sphere = kx1 force in the spring when the sphere is submerged is= kx2 W = Fb = kx1 kx2= k(x1 X2) = mg/x1 (X1 X2) = (mg) (1 X2/X1) Mar 22 4:19 PM 9
10 1. small sphere of mass m and density is suspended from an elastic spring. The spring is stretched by a distance X 1. d. etermine the density of liquid. xpress your result in terms of, X 1, X 2. ρvg = Fb V= m/ so ρmg/ = mg (1 X2/X1) ρ = (1X2/X1) Mar 22 4:19 PM 2. pool has an area = 50 m 2 and depth h = 2.5 m. The pool is filled with water to the maximum height. n electrical pump is used to empty the pool. There are two pipes coming out the pump: one is submerged into water has a radius r 1 = 4 cm the other has a radius r 2 = 2.5 cm. nswer the following questions ignoring friction, viscosity, turbulence. a. alculate the net force on the bottom of the pool. b. alculate work done by the pump required to empty the pool in 5 h. c. alculate the speed of the water flow in the submerged pipe. The pump produces a pressure P1 = 9*10 5 Pa in the submerged pipe. d. alculate speed of the water flow in the second section of the pipe placed on the ground. Mar 22 4:25 PM 2. pool has an area = 50 m 2 and depth h = 2.5 m. The pool is filled with water to the maximum height. n electrical pump is used to empty the pool. There are two pipes coming out the pump: one is submerged into water has a radius r 1 = 4 cm the other has a radius r 2 = 2.5 cm. nswer the following questions ignoring friction, viscosity, turbulence. a. alculate the net force on the bottom of the pool. F = Pabs = (ρgh + Patn) = mg + Patm* = Vg= 1000 x125 * *50= 6.3x10 6 N Mar 22 4:25 PM 10
11 2. pool has an area = 50 m 2 and depth h = 2.5 m. The pool is filled with water to the maximum height. n electrical pump is used to empty the pool. There are two pipes coming out the pump: one is submerged into water has a radius r 1 = 4 cm the other has a radius r 2 = 2.5 cm. nswer the following questions ignoring friction, viscosity, turbulence. b. alculate work done by the pump required to empty the pool in 5 h. W=Fd = mgh =125*1000*9.8*1.25 = 1.5 x10 6 J Mar 22 4:25 PM 2. pool has an area = 50 m 2 and depth h = 2.5 m. The pool is filled with water to the maximum height. n electrical pump is used to empty the pool. There are two pipes coming out the pump: one is submerged into water has a radius r 1 = 4 cm the other has a radius r 2 = 2.5 cm. nswer the following questions ignoring friction, viscosity, turbulence. c. alculate the speed of the water flow in the submerged pipe. The mass flow rate is mass/time = ρ v v = mass/(time area density) = (density volume)/(time area density) = volume/(time area) = 125m 3 / (18000s 3.14 (0.04) 2 ) =1.38m/s Mar 22 4:25 PM 2. pool has an area = 50 m 2 and depth h = 2.5 m. The pool is filled with water to the maximum height. n electrical pump is used to empty the pool. There are two pipes coming out the pump: one is submerged into water has a radius r1 = 4 cm the other has a radius r2 = 2.5 cm. nswer the following questions ignoring friction, viscosity, turbulence. The pump produces a pressure P1 = 9*10 5 Pa in the submerged pipe. d. alculate speed of the water flow in the second section of the pipe placed on the ground. constant / = / v v 2 = v= (776452/500)= 39.4m/s Mar 22 4:25 PM 11
12 3. submarine dives from rest a 100 m distance beneath the surface of an ocean. Initially the submarine moves at a constant rate 0.3 m/s 2 until reaches a speed of 4 m/s and then lowers at a constant speed. The density of salt water is 1030 kg/m 3. The submarine has a hatch with an area of 2 m 2 located on the top of the submarine s body. a. How much time it takes for the submarine to move down 100 m? b. alculate the gauge pressure applied on the submarine at the depth of 100 m. c. alculate the absolute pressure applied on the submarine at the depth of 100m. d. How much force is required in order to open the hatch from the inside of submarine? Mar 22 4:30 PM 3. submarine dives from rest a 100 m distance beneath the surface of an ocean. Initially the submarine moves at a constant rate 0.3 m/s 2 until reaches a speed of 4 m/s and then lowers at a constant speed. The density of salt water is 1030 kg/m 3. The submarine has a hatch with an area of 2 m 2 located on the top of the submarine s body. a. How much time does it take for the submarine to move down 100 m? v 2 =vo 2 +2ax 4 2 =0+2ax x=16/.6 = 26.67m t1=(2x/.3) 1/2 =13.33s t2= ( ) /4 =18.3s t= =31.7s Mar 22 4:30 PM 3. submarine dives from rest a 100 m distance beneath the surface of an ocean. Initially the submarine moves at a constant rate 0.3 m/s 2 until reaches a speed of 4 m/s and then lowers at a constant speed. The density of salt water is 1030 kg/m 3. The submarine has a hatch with an area of 2 m 2 located on the top of the submarine s body. b. alculate the gauge pressure applied on the submarine at the depth of 100 m. Pgauge = ρgh = = Pa = 1.01 x10 6 Pa Mar 22 4:30 PM 12
13 3. submarine dives from rest a 100 m distance beneath the surface of an ocean. Initially the submarine moves at a constant rate 0.3 m/s 2 until reaches a speed of 4 m/s and then lowers at a constant speed. The density of salt water is 1030 kg/m 3. The submarine has a hatch with an area of 2 m 2 located on the top of the submarine s body. c. alculate the absolute pressure applied on the submarine at the depth of 100m. Pabs = Pgauge + Patm = 1.01 MPa kpa = 1.11 MPa Mar 22 4:30 PM 3. submarine dives from rest a 100 m distance beneath the surface of an ocean. Initially the submarine moves at a constant rate 0.3 m/s 2 until reaches a speed of 4 m/s and then lowers at a constant speed. The density of salt water is 1030 kg/m 3. The submarine has a hatch with an area of 2 m 2 located on the top of the submarine s body. d. How much force is required in order to open the hatch from the inside of submarine? F = Pgauge = 1.01Mpa *2 m 2 = 2.02 MN Gauge pressure is used and not abolute because the assumption is made that inside the submarine the air pressure is the same as the atmospheric pressure at sea level. The internal pressure balances the additional atmospheric pressure. However, the question remains why would you open the hatch when you are 100 m under water? Mar 22 4:30 PM 4. rectangular slab of ice floats on water with a large portion submerged beneath the water surface. The volume of the slab is 20 m 3 and the surface area of the top is 14 m 2. The density of ice is 900 kg/m 3 and sea water is 1030 kg/m 3. a. On the diagram below show all the applied forces on the slab. b. alculate the buoyant force on the slab. c. alculate the height h of the portion of the slab that is above the water surface. polar bear climbs to the top of the slab and sits on the slab for a long time. d. On the diagram below show all the applied forces on the slab. Mar 22 4:32 PM 13
14 4. rectangular slab of ice floats on water with a large portion submerged beneath the water surface. The volume of the slab is 20 m 3 and the surface area of the top is 14 m 2. The density of ice is 900 kg/m 3 and sea water is 1030 kg/m 3. a. On the diagram below show all the applied forces on the slab. F Fg Mar 22 4:32 PM 4. rectangular slab of ice floats on water with a large portion submerged beneath the water surface. The volume of the slab is 20 m 3 and the surface area of the top is 14 m 2. The density of ice is 900 kg/m 3 and sea water is 1030 kg/m 3. b. alculate the buoyant force on the slab. The buoyant force is the same as the weight of the ice F = mg =ρvg = = 1.8x10 5 N Mar 22 4:32 PM 4. rectangular slab of ice floats on water with a large portion submerged beneath the water surface. The volume of the slab is 20 m 3 and the surface area of the top is 14 m 2. The density of ice is 900 kg/m 3 and sea water is 1030 kg/m 3. c. alculate the height h of the portion of the slab that is above the water surface. Vdisp/Vo = ρo/ρf since this is a rectangular slab with the same base area everywhere Vdisp = area x hsub hsub= 900/1030*20/14 = habove water = hice  hsub = 20/ = = 0.180m Mar 22 4:32 PM 14
15 4. rectangular slab of ice floats on water with a large portion submerged beneath the water surface. The volume of the slab is 20 m 3 and the surface area of the top is 14 m 2. The density of ice is 900 kg/m 3 and sea water is 1030 kg/m 3. polar bear climbs to the top of the slab and sits on the slab for a long time. d. On the diagram below show all the applied forces on the slab. F buoyant Wbear Wice Mar 22 4:32 PM Feb 11 10:09 PM 15
AP B Fluids Practice Problems. Multiple Choice. Slide 2 / 43. Slide 1 / 43. Slide 4 / 43. Slide 3 / 43. Slide 6 / 43. Slide 5 / 43
Slide 1 / 43 Slide 2 / 43 P Fluids Practice Problems Multiple hoice Slide 3 / 43 1 Two substances mercury with a density 13600 kg/m 3 and alcohol with a density 0.8 kg/m 3 are selected for an experiment.
More informationSlide 5 / What is the difference between the pressure on the bottom of a pool and the pressure on the water surface? A ρgh B ρg/h C ρ/gh D gh/ρ
Slide 1 / 47 1 Two substances mercury with a density 13600 kg/m3 and alcohol with a density 800 kg/m3 are selected for an experiment. If the experiment requires equal masses of each liquid, what is the
More informationSlide 1 / What is the density of an aluminum block with a mass of 4050 kg and volume of 1.5 m 3?
Slide 1 / 68 1 What is the density of an aluminum block with a mass of 4050 kg and volume of 1.5 m 3? Slide 2 / 68 2 What is the mass of a rectangular shaped ice block with dimensions of 0.04m x 0.05m
More information. In an elevator accelerating upward (A) both the elevator accelerating upward (B) the first is equations are valid
IIT JEE Achiever 2014 Ist Year Physics2: Worksheet1 Date: 20140626 Hydrostatics 1. A liquid can easily change its shape but a solid cannot because (A) the density of a liquid is smaller than that of
More informationChapter 13 Fluids. Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 13 Fluids Phases of Matter Density and Specific Gravity Pressure in Fluids Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure Pascal s Principle Units of Chapter 13 Measurement of Pressure; Gauges and the
More information1. The principle of fluid pressure that is used in hydraulic brakes or lifts is that:
University Physics (Prof. David Flory) Chapt_15 Thursday, November 15, 2007 Page 1 Name: Date: 1. The principle of fluid pressure that is used in hydraulic brakes or lifts is that: A) pressure is the same
More informationIn the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position. another. A liquid takes the shape of its container. 19.
In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position to position by sliding over one another. A liquid takes the shape of its container. In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position
More informationIn the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position to position by sliding over one another. A liquid takes the shape of its container.
In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position to position by sliding over one another. A liquid takes the shape of its container. In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position
More informationLiquids and Gases. O, 1 L = 2.2 lbs H 2. O = 1 kg H 2
Liquids and Gases The unit of volume is the meter cubed, m 3, which is a very large volume. Very often we use cm 3 = cc, or Litres = 10 3 cc Other everyday units are gallons, quarts, pints 1 qt = 2 lbs
More informationTHERMODYNAMICS, HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER TUTORIAL NO: 1 (SPECIFIC VOLUME, PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE)
THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER TUTORIAL NO: 1 (SPECIFIC VOLUME, PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE) 1. A vacuum gauge mounted on a condenser reads 66 cm Hg. What is the absolute pressure in the condenser
More informationPhys101 Lectures Fluids I. Key points: Pressure and Pascal s Principle Buoyancy and Archimedes Principle. Ref: 101,2,3,4,5,6,7.
Phys101 Lectures 2425 luids I Key points: Pressure and Pascal s Principle Buoyancy and Archimedes Principle Ref: 101,2,3,4,5,6,7. Page 1 101 Phases of Matter The three common phases of matter are solid,
More informationChapter 14. Fluids. A fluid a substance that can flow (in contrast to a solid)
Chapter 4 luids A luid a substance that can low (in contrast to a solid) Air Water luids comort to the boundaries o any container in which we put them, and do not maintain a ixed shape density and pressure
More informationMS.RAJA ELGADY/PRESSURE PAPER 3
1 (a) A water tank has a rectangular base of dimensions 1.5m by 1.2m and contains 1440 kg of water. Calculate (i) the weight of the water, weight =...... [1] (ii) the pressure exerted by the water on
More informationLecture Outline Chapter 15. Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker. Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
Lecture Outline Chapter 15 Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker Chapter 15 Fluids Density Units of Chapter 15 Pressure Static Equilibrium in Fluids: Pressure and Depth Archimedes Principle and Buoyancy
More informationUnit A: Mix and Flow of Matter
Unit A: Mix and Flow of Matter Science 8 1 Section 3.0 THE PROPERTIES OF GASES AND LIQUIDS CAN BE EXPLAINED BY THE PARTICLE MODEL OF MATTER. 2 1 Viscosity and the Effects of Temperature Topic 3.1 3 Viscosity
More informationLesson 12: Fluid statics, Continuity equation (Sections ) Chapter 9 Fluids
Lesson : luid statics, Continuity equation (Sections 9.9.7) Chapter 9 luids States of Matter  Solid, liquid, gas. luids (liquids and gases) do not hold their shapes. In many cases we can think of liquids
More informationAssistant Lecturer Anees Kadhum AL Saadi
Pressure Variation with Depth Pressure in a static fluid does not change in the horizontal direction as the horizontal forces balance each other out. However, pressure in a static fluid does change with
More informationFluids, Pressure and buoyancy
Fluids, Pressure and buoyancy Announcements: CAPA due Friday at 10pm. Comment on the hint in Problem 5. CAPA solutions from previous sets can be found by logging onto CAPA and selecting View Previous Set
More informationand its weight (in newtons) when located on a planet with an acceleration of gravity equal to 4.0 ft/s 2.
1.26. A certain object weighs 300 N at the earth's surface. Determine the mass of the object (in kilograms) and its weight (in newtons) when located on a planet with an acceleration of gravity equal to
More informationConcepTest PowerPoints
ConcepTest PowerPoints Chapter 10 Physics: Principles with Applications, 6 th edition Giancoli 2005 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for
More informationFluid Mechanics  Hydrostatics. AP Physics B
luid Mechanics  Hydrostatics AP Physics B States of Matter Before we begin to understand the nature of a luid we must understand the nature of all the states of matter: The 3 primary states of matter
More informationMore About Solids, Liquids and Gases ASSIGNMENT
More About Solids, Liquids and Gases ASSIGNMENT 1. Fill in the blank spaces by choosing the correct words from the list given below: List : water, density, altitudes, lateral, intermolecular, force, cohesion,
More informationAP Lab 11.3 Archimedes Principle
ame School Date AP Lab 11.3 Archimedes Principle Explore the Apparatus We ll use the Buoyancy Apparatus in this lab activity. Before starting this activity check to see if there is an introductory video
More informationMatter is made up of particles which are in continual random motion Misconception: Only when a substance is in its liquid or gas state do its
Kinetic Theory of Matter Matter is made up of particles which are in continual random motion Misconception: Only when a substance is in its liquid or gas state do its particles move because in these two
More informationACTIVITY 1: Buoyancy Problems. OBJECTIVE: Practice and Reinforce concepts related to Fluid Pressure, primarily Buoyancy
LESSON PLAN: SNAP, CRACKLE, POP: Submarine Buoyancy, Compression, and Rotational Equilibrium DEVELOPED BY: Bill Sanford, Nansemond Suffolk Academy 2012 NAVAL HISTORICAL FOUNDATION TEACHER FELLOWSHIP ACTIVITY
More informationChapter 9 Fluids CHAPTER CONTENTS
Flowing fluids, such as the water flowing in the photograph at Coors Falls in Colorado, can make interesting patterns In this chapter, we will investigate the basic physics behind such flow Photo credit:
More informationDensity and Buoyancy Notes
Density and Buoyancy Notes Measuring Mass and Volume 3.1 Density A balance can be used to measure the mass of an object. If the object is a liquid, pour it into a graduated cylinder to measure the volume.
More information2 Buoyant Force. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify What produces buoyant force?
CHAPTER 3 2 Buoyant Force SECTION Forces in Fluids BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is buoyant force? What makes objects sink or float? How
More informationLab 11 Density and Buoyancy
b Lab 11 Density and uoyancy Physics 211 Lab What You Need To Know: Density Today s lab will introduce you to the concept of density. Density is a measurement of an object s mass per unit volume of space
More informationARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE AND THE COMPUTATION OF BUOYANT FORCES. Alexis RodriguezCarlson
ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE AND THE COMPUTATION OF BUOYANT FORCES Alexis RodriguezCarlson September 20, 2006 Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to show that the buoyant force acting on an object submerged
More informationMix and Flow of Matter Grade 8 Unit 1 Test
Mix and Flow of Matter Grade 8 Unit 1 Test Student Class 1. All fluids flow and can be observed by many of the characteristics below. Which of these characteristics would you use to observe a gas flowing?
More informationToday: Finish Chapter 13 (Liquids) Start Chapter 14 (Gases and Plasmas)
Today: Finish Chapter 13 (Liquids) Start Chapter 14 (Gases and Plasmas) Gases and plasmas: Preliminaries Will now apply concepts of fluid pressure, buoyancy, flotation of Ch.13, to the atmosphere. Main
More informationGases and Pressure SECTION 11.1
SECTION 11.1 Gases and In the chapter States of Matter, you read about the kineticmolecular theory of matter. You were also introduced to how this theory explains some of the properties of ideal gases.
More informationBuoyancy and the Density of Liquids (approx. 2 h) (11/24/15)
Buoyancy and the Density of Liquids (approx. 2 h) (11/24/15) Introduction Which weighs more, a pound of lead or a pound of feathers? If your answer to this question is "a pound of lead", then you are confusing
More informationHomework of chapter (3)
The Islamic University of Gaza, Civil Engineering Department, Fluid mechanicsdiscussion, Instructor: Dr. Khalil M. Al Astal T.A: Eng. Hasan Almassri T.A: Eng. Mahmoud AlQazzaz First semester, 2013. Homework
More informationFluids: Floating & Flying. Student Leaning Objectives 2/16/2016. Distinguish between force and pressure. Recall factors that allow floating
Fluids: Floating & Flying (Chapter 3) Student Leaning Objectives Distinguish between force and pressure Recall factors that allow floating Differentiate between cohesion and adhesion Analyze Pascal s principle
More informationLab. Manual. Fluid Mechanics. The Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering
Lab. Manual of Fluid Mechanics The Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering General Safety rules to be followed in Fluid Mechanics Lab: 1. Always wear shoes before entering lab. 2. Do not touch
More informationUnit code: H/ QCF level: 5 Credit value: 15 OUTCOME 3  STATIC AND DYNAMIC FLUID SYSTEMS TUTORIAL 2  STATIC FLUID SYSTEMS
Unit 43: Plant and Process Principles Unit code: H/601 44 QCF level: 5 Credit value: 15 OUTCOME 3  STATIC AN YNAMIC FLUI SYSTEMS TUTORIAL  STATIC FLUI SYSTEMS 3 Understand static and dnamic fluid sstems
More informationFLUID STATICS II: BUOYANCY 1
FLUID STATICS II: BUOYANCY 1 Learning Goals After completing this studio, you should be able to Determine the forces acting on an object immersed in a fluid and their origin, based on the physical properties
More informationComments on Homework. Class 4  Pressure. Atmospheric Pressure. Gauge vs. Absolute Pressure. 2. Gauge vs. Absolute Pressure. 1.
Class 4  Pressure 1. Definitions 2. Gauge Pressure 3. Pressure and Height of Liquid Column (Head) 4. Pressure Measurement and Manometers Please don t forget the special problem for the next HW assignment
More informationChapter 3 PRESSURE AND FLUID STATICS
Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd Edition Yunus A. Cengel, John M. Cimbala McGrawHill, 2010 Chapter 3 PRESSURE AND FLUID STATICS Lecture slides by Hasan Hacışevki Copyright The McGrawHill
More information1Pressure 2 21Volume 2 2. or Temperature 2. where the subscript 1 signifies the initial conditions and the subscript 2 signifies the final conditions.
104 Gases The ideal gas law expresses the relationship between the pressure, volume, and temperature of a gas. In the exercises in this chapter, the mass of the gas remains constant. You will be examining
More informationApplications of Bernoulli s principle. Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure
Applications of Bernoulli s principle Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure Artery o When blood flows through narrower regions of arteries, the speed increases
More informationMultiple Representations of Buoyancy. Meredith Weglarz, Jessica Oliveira, James Vesenka University of New England, Department of Chemistry and Physics
Multiple Representations of Buoyancy Meredith Weglarz, Jessica Oliveira, James Vesenka University of New England, Department of Chemistry and Physics Abstract: A modeling lab exercise, based on multiple,
More information20 Gases. Gas molecules are far apart and can move freely between collisions.
Gas molecules are far apart and can move freely between collisions. Gases are similar to liquids in that they flow; hence both are called fluids. In a gas, the molecules are far apart, allowing them to
More informationEnd of Chapter Exercises
End of Chapter Exercises Exercises 1 12 are conceptual questions that are designed to see if you have understood the main concepts of the chapter. 1. While on an airplane, you take a drink from your water
More informationGas molecules are far apart. collisions The Atmosphere
Gas molecules are far apart and can move freely between collisions. Gases are similar to liquids in that they flow; hence both are called fluids. In a gas, the molecules are far apart, allowing them to
More informationTo connect the words of Archimedes Principle to the actual behavior of submerged objects.
Archimedes Principle PURPOSE To connect the words of Archimedes Principle to the actual behavior of submerged objects. To examine the cause of buoyancy; that is, the variation of pressure with depth in
More informationLECTURE 16: Buoyancy. Select LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
Lectures Page 1 Select LEARNING OBJECTIVES: LECTURE 16: Buoyancy Understand that the buoyant force is a result of a pressure gradient within a fluid. Demonstrate the ability to analyze a scenario involving
More informationthen the work done is, if the force and the displacement are in opposite directions, then the work done is.
1. What is the formula for work? W= x 2. What are the 8 forms of energy? 3. Write the formula for the following: Kinetic Energy Potential Energy 4. If the force and the displacement are in the same direction,
More informationFluids PROCEDURE. 1. Record the mass of the block of wood. 2. Record the mass of the beaker of water (without the block).
Fluids This format for this experiment will be a little different from what you re used to. Instead of spending all your time at one station interacting with a single apparatus you ll be spending 1015
More informationThis chapter deals with forces applied by fluids at rest or in rigidbody
cen72367_ch03.qxd 10/29/04 2:21 PM Page 65 PRESSURE AND FLUID STATICS CHAPTER 3 This chapter deals with forces applied by fluids at rest or in rigidbody motion. The fluid property responsible for those
More informationUNIQUE SCIENCE ACADEMY
1 (a) UNIQUE SIENE EMY Test (Unit 7) Name :... Paper: Physics ate : 04.07.2011 ode: 5054 lass: I Time llowed: 35Minutes Maximum Marks: 25 1 Theory Section: What do you understand by the term pressure.
More informationPhysics, Chapter 8: Hydrostatics (Fluids at Rest)
University of Nebraska  Lincoln DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska  Lincoln Robert Katz Publications Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy 1958 Physics, Chapter 8: Hydrostatics (Fluids at Rest)
More informationExercises The Atmosphere (page 383) 20.2 Atmospheric Pressure (pages )
Exercises 20.1 The Atmosphere (page 383) 1. The energizes the molecules in Earth s atmosphere. 2. Why is gravity important to Earth s atmosphere? 3. What would happen to Earth s atmosphere without the
More informationBy Syed Ahmed Amin Shah 4 th semester Class No 8 Submitted To Engr. Saeed Ahmed
EXPERIMENT # 01 DEMONSTRATION OF VARIOUS PARTS OF HYDRAULIC BENCH. HYDRAULIC BENCH Hydraulic bench is a very useful apparatus in hydraulics and fluid mechanics it is involved in majority of experiments
More informationStates of Matter Review
States of Matter Review May 13 8:16 PM Physical States of Matter (Phases) Solid Liquid Melting Gas Condensation Freezing Evaporation Deposition Sublimation Sep 13 6:04 PM 1 May 13 8:11 PM Gases Chapter
More informationI. Introduction. Lesson title: How does pressure effect a scuba diver at different depths?
I. Introduction Lesson title: How does pressure effect a scuba diver at different depths? Grade level audience: Regents Chemistry 11th Grade Lesson overview: Students have been introduced to the definition
More informationUnit 9 Packet: Gas Laws Introduction to Gas Laws Notes:
Name: Unit 9 Packet: Gas Laws Introduction to Gas Laws Notes: Block: In chemistry, the relationships between gas physical properties are described as gas laws. Some of these properties are pressure, volume,
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Test General Chemistry CH116 UMass Boston Summer 2013 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The pressure exerted by a column of
More informationPSI Chemistry: Gases Multiple Choice Review
PSI Chemistry: Gases Multiple Choice Review Name Kinetic Molecular Theory 1. According to the kineticmolecular theory, particles of matterare in constant motion (A) have different shapes (B) have different
More informationChapter 13: The Behavior of Gases
Chapter 13: The Behavior of Gases I. First Concepts a. The 3 states of matter most important to us: solids, liquids, and gases. b. Real Gases and Ideal Gases i. Real gases exist, ideal gases do not ii.
More informationCard 1 Chapter 17. Card 2. Chapter 17
Card 1 Card 2 Liquid A  1.4 g/ml; Liquid B .82 g/ml; Liquid C  1.0 g/ml; one liquid you know. What is it? Also how will they stack? Where will a 1.6 g/ml object end up? Find the density of a 5 milliliter,
More informationOutcomes: Example the historical development of the measurement of pressure. Include: Galileo, Toricelli, von Gureick, Pascal, Huygens, Avogadro,
History of Pressure Outcomes: Example the historical development of the measurement of pressure. Include: Galileo, Toricelli, von Gureick, Pascal, Huygens, Avogadro, Dalton. Describe the various units
More informationATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE 3.1 Air weight 3.2 Torricelli s experience 3.3 Pressure measuring unit 3.1 AIR WEIGHT Solid bodies have their own weight, and gaseous bodies such as air also have their own weight.
More informationFluids Chapter 13 & 14 Liquids & Gases
Fluids Chapter 13 & 14 Liquids & Gases Liquids like solids are difficult to compress. Both liquids and gases can flow, so both are called fluids. The pressure you feel is due to the weight of water (or
More informationOrganisation Internationale de Métrologie Légale
Organisation Internationale de Métrologie Légale OIML INTERNATIONAL RECOMMENDATION Pressure balances Manomètres à piston OIML R 110 Edition 1994 (E) CONTENTS Foreword... 3 1 Scope... 4 2 Terminology...
More informationDRINKING WATER  LAB EXPERIMENTS LAB EXPERIMENTS. Nanofiltration
DRINKING WATER  LAB EXPERIMENTS LAB EXPERIMENTS Nanofiltration nanofiltration lab experiments Framework This module explains the lab experiment on nanofiltration. Contents This module has the following
More informationChapter 6. You lift a 10 N physics book up in the air a distance of 1 meter at a constant velocity of 0.5 m/s. The work done by gravity is
I lift a barbell with a mass of 50 kg up a distance of 0.70 m. Then I let the barbell come back down to where I started. How much net work did I do on the barbell? A)  340 J B) 0 J C) + 35 J D) + 340
More informationINSTRUCTIONAL GOAL: Explain and perform calculations regarding the buoyant force on a
Snap, Crackle, Pop! Submarine Buoyancy, Compression, and Rotational Equilibrium Bill Sanford, Physics Teacher, Nansemond Suffolk Academy, Suffolk 2012 Naval Historical Foundation STEMH Teacher Fellowship
More informationExperiment P18: Buoyant Force (Force Sensor)
PASCO scientific Physics Lab Manual: P181 Experiment P18: (Force Sensor) Concept Time SW Interface Macintosh file Windows file Newton's Laws 45 m 300/500/700 P18 P18_BUOY.SWS EQUIPMENT NEEDED CONSUMABLES
More informationU S F O S B u o y a n c y And Hydrodynamic M a s s
1 U S F O S B u o y a n c y And Hydrodynamic M a s s 2 CONTENTS: 1 INTRODUCTION... 3 2 ACCURACY LEVELS... 3 2.1 LEVEL0... 3 2.2 LEVEL1... 3 2.3 PANEL MODEL... 3 3 EX 1. SINGLE PIPE. NON FLOODED... 4
More informationChapter 13 Gases, Vapors, Liquids, and Solids
Chapter 13 Gases, Vapors, Liquids, and Solids Property is meaning any measurable characteristic of a substance, such as pressure, volume, or temperature, or a characteristic that can be calculated or deduced,
More informationShark Biology Buoyancy by Bill Andrake
Shark Biology Buoyancy by Bill Andrake Science Lesson: Buoyancy  Based on Webisode 45  Shark Biology Grade Level: 68 Time: Four (4550 minute) class periods Introduction Jonathan narrates an educational
More informationArchimedes' Principle
OpenStaxCNX module: m55215 1 Archimedes' Principle OpenStax This work is produced by OpenStaxCNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 1 Learning Objectives By the end of this
More informationA New Way to Handle Changing Fluid Viscosity and the Fulltoempty Effect
A New Way to Handle Changing Fluid Viscosity and the Fulltoempty Effect Nordson EFD, 40 Catamore Blvd., East Providence RI 02914 www.nordsonefd.com A New Way to Handle Changing Fluid Viscosity And the
More informationVISUAL PHYSICS School of Physics University of Sydney Australia. Why can a steel needle float but a larger piece of steel sink?
VISUAL PYSIS School of Physics University of Sydney Australia SURFAE TENSION Why can a steel needle float but a larger piece of steel sink?? Ducks have drowned in farmyard ponds into which washing water
More informationApplying Hooke s Law to Multiple Bungee Cords. Introduction
Applying Hooke s Law to Multiple Bungee Cords Introduction Hooke s Law declares that the force exerted on a spring is proportional to the amount of stretch or compression on the spring, is always directed
More informationChapter 13 Gases. H. Cannon, C. Clapper and T. Guillot Klein High School. Pressure/Temperature Conversions
Chapter 13 Gases Pressure/Temperature Conversions Convert the following: 1. 3.50 atm = kpa 2. 123 atm = mmhg 3. 970.0 mmhg = torr 4. 870.0 torr = kpa 5. 250.0 kpa = atm 6. 205.0 mmhg = kpa 7. 12.4 atm
More informationHydrometerSpring balance instrument
HydrometerSpring balance instrument CLAUDE ZIAD BAYEH 1, 2 1 Faculty of Engineering II, Lebanese University 2 EGRDI transaction on physics (2001) LEBANON Email: claude_bayeh_cbegrdi@hotmail.com NIKOS
More informationPhysics 11 Unit III Practice Test Projectile Motion. Instructions: Pick the best answer available in Part A and Show all your work for Part B
Physics 11 Unit III Practice Test Projectile Motion Instructions: Pick the best answer available in Part A and Show all your work for Part B 1. Which of the following is constant for all projectiles? A.
More informationPhysics 1021 Experiment 4. Buoyancy
1 Physics 1021 Buoyancy 2 Buoyancy Apparatus and Setup Materials Force probe 1000 ml beaker Vernier Calipers Plastic cylinder String or paper clips Assorted bars and clamps Water Attach the force probe
More informationKinetic Theory and Gases
Kinetic Theory and Gases Kinetic Theory Explains how temperature and pressure affect the motion of molecules http://exploration.grc.nasa.gov/education/rocket/images/state.gif 1 Hydraulics http://library.thinkquest.org/
More informationASSIGNMENT 2 CHE 3473
DUE: May 23 ASSIGNMENT 2 CHE 3473 #Problem 1: 3.3 #Problem 2: 3.4 #Problem 3: 3.5 #Problem 4: 3.6 #Problem 5: 3.7 #Problem 6: 3.8 #Problem 7: 3.11 #Problem 8: 3.15 #Problem 9: 3.22 #Problem 10: 3.32 #Problem
More informationForces in Fluids. Pressure A force distributed over a given area. Equation for Pressure: Pressure = Force / Area. Units for Pressure: Pascal (Pa)
Pressure A force distributed over a given area Equation for Pressure: Pressure = Force / Area Force = Newton s Area = m 2 Units for Pressure: Pascal (Pa) Forces in Fluids Forces in Fluids A woman s high
More informationFigure 1: You and Your Elephant
INSTRUCTORS NOTE (Dr. Jack Blumenthal) The thought experiment or problem described herein, together with the accompanying approach and calculations was developed by two seniors and their instructor at
More informationChapter 1: Basic Concepts of Pneumatics
Right of authorship: the content of the training (wording, drawings, pictures) are owned by the author. Any utilization except for individual use is allowed only after permission of the author. What is
More informationEnergy: Part 4. Water distribution. water tower. Bernoulli and Water distribution systems Physics 1010: Dr. Eleanor Hodby
Energy: Part 4 ernoulli and Water distribution systems Physics 11: Dr. Eleanor odby Water distribution water tower reservoir pipe pump buildings Lecture 1:  Water distribution Reminders: W5 due Friday
More information5. A bead slides on a curved wire, starting from rest at point A in the figure below. If the wire is frictionless, find each of the following.
Name: Work and Energy Problems Date: 1. A 2150 kg car moves down a level highway under the actions of two forces: a 1010 N forward force exerted on the drive wheels by the road and a 960 N resistive force.
More informationName: Class: Date: SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided.
CHAPTER 11 REVIEW Gases SECTION 1 SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided. 1. Pressure =. For a constant force, when the surface area is tripled the pressure is (a) doubled. (b)
More informationProcess Nature of Process
AP Physics Free Response Practice Thermodynamics 1983B4. The pvdiagram above represents the states of an ideal gas during one cycle of operation of a reversible heat engine. The cycle consists of the
More informationGauge Pressure, Absolute Pressure, and Pressure Measurement
Gauge Pressure, Absolute Pressure, and Pressure Measurement By: OpenStax College Online: This module is copyrig hted by Rice University. It is licensed under the Creative
More informationDensity and Buoyancy
Density and Buoyancy A fluid exerts an upward force on an object that is placed in the fluid. LESSON 1 Density The density of a material is a measure of how much matter is packed into a unit volume of
More informationExperiment 8 GAS LAWS
Experiment 8 GAS LAWS FV 6/25/2017 MATERIALS: Amontons Law apparatus, Boyle s Law apparatus, Avogadro s Corollary apparatus, four beakers (2 L), warmwater bath, ice, barometer, digital thermometer, air
More informationBUOYANCY, FLOATATION AND STABILITY
BUOYANCY, FLOATATION AND STABILITY Archimedes Principle When a stationary body is completely submerged in a fluid, or floating so that it is only partially submerged, the resultant fluid force acting on
More informationOverview of Density Worksheet
Name Key formulas/concepts: Overview of Density Worksheet Density Density = Mass divided by Volume (D = M/V). The mass of an object is 25 grams. The volume of an object is 5 cm 3. D = 25g/5cm 3 = 5 g/cm
More informationChapter 3 Hydrostatics and Floatation
Chapter 3 Hydrostatics and Floatation Naval Architecture Notes 3.1 Archimedes Law of Floatation Archimedes (born 287 B.C) Law states that An object immersed in a liquid experience a lift equivalent to
More information( ) and gravity g is in newtons per kilograms ( Nkg 1. Investigating the Pressure Under Water as a Function of Depth.
Investigating the Pressure Under Water as a Function of Depth Take the Plunge I am an avid swimmer, and one of my favorite challenges is to swim the entire length of the school s pool underwater. To help
More informationJournal of Aeronautics & Aerospace
Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering LandellMills, J Aeronaut Aerospace Eng 2017, 6:2 DOI: 10.4172/21689792.1000189 Research Article Open Access
More information