# UNIQUE SCIENCE ACADEMY

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page: ## Transcription

1 1 (a) UNIQUE SIENE EMY Test (Unit 7) Name :... Paper: Physics ate : ode: 5054 lass: I Time llowed: 35Minutes Maximum Marks: 25 1 Theory Section: What do you understand by the term pressure. [Total 16 Marks] Mention its SI unit also.  (b) In the space below draw a labelled diagram of a simple barometer. What measurements will be taken to measure the atmospheric pressure.  (c) What changes will be observed if a narrower tube was used and a less dense liquid like water is used instead of mercury.  [Total 10] edicated to My Son Mohammad Irtaza Haider Zain. ode 5054 [Turn over

2 2 2 Fig. 2.1 shows a manometer used to measure the pressure difference between the air inside a plastic container and the atmosphere outside. platform area 0.1 m 2 force F cm manometer flexible plastic container h metre rule 20 air 10 water Fig. 2.1 pressure difference of 100 Pa causes a one centimetre difference in water levels. (a) Using Fig. 2.1, determine the pressure difference in Pa shown by the manometer. (b) (c) State what changes, if any, occur to the distance h in Fig. 2.1 if (i) (ii) the manometer tube is narrower, pressure difference =...Pa  a liquid denser than water is used in the manometer.  The pressure difference measured by the manometer is caused by the force F. This force is the weight of a student standing on the platform. The cross-sectional area of the platform is 0.1 m 2. (i) (ii) State the formula that relates pressure, force and area. alculate the weight of the student. weight =...  [Total 6] edicated to My Son Mohammad Irtaza Haider Zain. ode 5054 [Turn over

3 1 MQ SETION: 3 [Total 9 Marks] The system shown in the diagram contains an incompressible liquid. downward force of 80 N is exerted on the piston K. 80 N piston K area 40 cm 2 piston L area 2 cm 2 2 liquid What will be the upward force on piston L? 1N 4N 80 N 1600 N The diagram shows a simple mercury barometer. Which height is a measure of the atmospheric pressure? 3 The diagram shows a glass block resting on a table top. area X of block area Y of table top The area of the block in contact with the table is X and the area of the table top is Y. The weight of the block is P and the weight of the table is Q. Which expression gives the pressure exerted on the table by the block? P P Q Q X Y X Y edicated to My Son Mohammad Irtaza Haider Zain. ode 5054 [Turn over

4 4 4 The diagram shows the levels X and Y in a liquid manometer when the gas tap is opened. gas from cylinder tap Y 9 cm 9 cm X liquid What is the pressure of the gas in the cylinder? 5 18 cm of liquid below atmospheric pressure 9 cm of liquid below atmospheric pressure 9 cm of liquid above atmospheric pressure 18 cm of liquid above atmospheric pressure The diagrams show, to the same scale, the vertical sections of a set of circular vessels. Each vessel contains the same depth of water. P Q R S Which of the following statements is correct? The water exerts the greatest pressure on the base of vessel P. The water exerts the greatest pressure on the base of vessel S. The water exerts the same force on the base of each vessel. The water exerts the same pressure on the base of each vessel. edicated to My Son Mohammad Irtaza Haider Zain. ode 5054 [Turn over

5 5 6 gas is trapped inside a cylinder by a movable piston. The length of the gas column is 50cm and the pressure inside the cylinder is p. 50 cm p gas The piston is pushed in a distance of 30 cm, so that the length of the gas column is now 20 cm. The temperature of the gas does not change. What is the new pressure of the gas? 0.4 p 0.6 p 1.5 p 2.5 p 7 Which statement about the pressure in a column of liquid is correct? It acts only vertically downwards. It increases if the column width increases. It increases with depth in the column. It is uniform throughout the column. 8 n airtight container holds a fixed quantity of gas. Its pressure and volume are measured on four occasions when the temperature is 20. The results are shown in the table. Which set of readings is incorrect? pressure / kpa volume / cm edicated to My Son Mohammad Irtaza Haider Zain. ode 5054 [Turn over

6 6 9 builder leaves two identical, heavy, stone tiles resting on soft earth. One is vertical and the other is horizontal. fter a few hours, the vertical tile has started to sink into the soft earth, but the horizontal one has not. Which row correctly compares the forces and the pressures that the tiles exert on the earth? forces pressures different different different same same different same same MQ nswer Sheet edicated to My Son Mohammad Irtaza Haider Zain. ode 5054

### 3. A fluid is forced through a pipe of changing cross section as shown. In which section would the pressure of the fluid be a minimum? AP Physics Multiple Choice Practice Fluid Mechanics 1. A cork has weight mg and density 5% of water s density. A string is tied around the cork and attached to the bottom of a water-filled container. The

### MS.RAJA ELGADY/PRESSURE PAPER 3 1- (a) A water tank has a rectangular base of dimensions 1.5m by 1.2m and contains 1440 kg of water. Calculate (i) the weight of the water, weight =......  (ii) the pressure exerted by the water on

### 1. All fluids are: A. gases B. liquids C. gases or liquids D. non-metallic E. transparent ans: C Chapter 14: FLUIDS 1 All fluids are: A gases B liquids C gases or liquids D non-metallic E transparent 2 Gases may be distinguished from other forms of matter by their: A lack of color B small atomic weights

### Old-Exam.Questions-Ch-14 T072 T071 Old-Exam.Questions-Ch-14 T072 Q23. Water is pumped out of a swimming pool at a speed of 5.0 m/s through a uniform hose of radius 1.0 cm. Find the mass of water pumped out of the pool in one minute. (Density

### PRESSURE. 7. Fluids 2 DENSITY Fluids can flow, change shape, split into smaller portions and combine into a larger system One of the best ways to quantify a fluid is in terms of its density The density, ρ, of a material (or

### . In an elevator accelerating upward (A) both the elevator accelerating upward (B) the first is equations are valid IIT JEE Achiever 2014 Ist Year Physics-2: Worksheet-1 Date: 2014-06-26 Hydrostatics 1. A liquid can easily change its shape but a solid cannot because (A) the density of a liquid is smaller than that of

### Slide 5 / What is the difference between the pressure on the bottom of a pool and the pressure on the water surface? A ρgh B ρg/h C ρ/gh D gh/ρ Slide 1 / 47 1 Two substances mercury with a density 13600 kg/m3 and alcohol with a density 800 kg/m3 are selected for an experiment. If the experiment requires equal masses of each liquid, what is the

### PHYS 101 Previous Exam Problems PHYS 101 Previous Exam Problems CHAPTER 14 Fluids Fluids at rest pressure vs. depth Pascal s principle Archimedes s principle Buoynat forces Fluids in motion: Continuity & Bernoulli equations 1. How deep

### THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER TUTORIAL NO: 1 (SPECIFIC VOLUME, PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE) THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER TUTORIAL NO: 1 (SPECIFIC VOLUME, PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE) 1. A vacuum gauge mounted on a condenser reads 66 cm Hg. What is the absolute pressure in the condenser

### More About Solids, Liquids and Gases ASSIGNMENT More About Solids, Liquids and Gases ASSIGNMENT 1. Fill in the blank spaces by choosing the correct words from the list given below: List : water, density, altitudes, lateral, intermolecular, force, cohesion,

### mass of container full of air = g mass of container with extra air = g volume of air released = cm 3 1992 Q32 The air pressure inside the passenger cabin of an airliner is 9 x 10 4 Pa when the airliner is at its cruising height. The pressure of the outside atmosphere at this height is 4 x 10 4 Pa. Calculate

### AP B Fluids Practice Problems. Multiple Choice. Slide 2 / 43. Slide 1 / 43. Slide 4 / 43. Slide 3 / 43. Slide 6 / 43. Slide 5 / 43 Slide 1 / 43 Slide 2 / 43 P Fluids Practice Problems Multiple hoice Slide 3 / 43 1 Two substances mercury with a density 13600 kg/m 3 and alcohol with a density 0.8 kg/m 3 are selected for an experiment.

### Fluid Mechanics. Liquids and gases have the ability to flow They are called fluids There are a variety of LAWS that fluids obey Fluid Mechanics Fluid Mechanics Liquids and gases have the ability to flow They are called fluids There are a variety of LAWS that fluids obey Density Regardless of form (solid, liquid, gas) we can define

### Exercises The Atmosphere (page 383) 20.2 Atmospheric Pressure (pages ) Exercises 20.1 The Atmosphere (page 383) 1. The energizes the molecules in Earth s atmosphere. 2. Why is gravity important to Earth s atmosphere? 3. What would happen to Earth s atmosphere without the

### Unit A-2: List of Subjects ES312 Energy Transfer Fundamentals Unit A: Fundamental Concepts ROAD MAP... A-1: Introduction to Thermodynamics A-2: Engineering Properties Unit A-2: List of Subjects Basic Properties and Temperature Pressure

### Pressure is defined as force per unit area. Any fluid can exert a force Physics Notes Chapter 9 Fluid Mechanics Fluids Fluids are materials that flow, which include both liquids and gases. Liquids have a definite volume but gases do not. In our analysis of fluids it is necessary

### 8. Now plot on the following grid the values of T (K) and V from the table above, and connect the points. Charles s Law According to Charles s law, the volume of a fixed mass of gas varies directly with its Kelvin temperature if its pressure is constant. The following table contains Celsius temperature and

### Assistant Lecturer Anees Kadhum AL Saadi Pressure Variation with Depth Pressure in a static fluid does not change in the horizontal direction as the horizontal forces balance each other out. However, pressure in a static fluid does change with

### 1. The principle of fluid pressure that is used in hydraulic brakes or lifts is that: University Physics (Prof. David Flory) Chapt_15 Thursday, November 15, 2007 Page 1 Name: Date: 1. The principle of fluid pressure that is used in hydraulic brakes or lifts is that: A) pressure is the same

### SPH 4C Unit 4 Hydraulics and Pneumatic Systems SPH 4C Unit 4 Hydraulics and Pneumatic Systems Properties of Fluids and Pressure Learning Goal: I can explain the properties of fluids and identify associated units. Definitions: Fluid: A substance that

### Slide 1 / What is the density of an aluminum block with a mass of 4050 kg and volume of 1.5 m 3? Slide 1 / 68 1 What is the density of an aluminum block with a mass of 4050 kg and volume of 1.5 m 3? Slide 2 / 68 2 What is the mass of a rectangular shaped ice block with dimensions of 0.04m x 0.05m

### Tutorial 5 Relative equilibrium Tutorial 5 Relative equilibrium 1. n open rectangular tank 3m long and 2m wide is filled with water to a depth of 1.5m. Find the slope of the water surface when the tank moves with an acceleration of 5m/s

### Forces in Fluids. Pressure A force distributed over a given area. Equation for Pressure: Pressure = Force / Area. Units for Pressure: Pascal (Pa) Pressure A force distributed over a given area Equation for Pressure: Pressure = Force / Area Force = Newton s Area = m 2 Units for Pressure: Pascal (Pa) Forces in Fluids Forces in Fluids A woman s high

### Fluids, Pressure and buoyancy Fluids, Pressure and buoyancy Announcements: CAPA due Friday at 10pm. Comment on the hint in Problem 5. CAPA solutions from previous sets can be found by logging onto CAPA and selecting View Previous Set

### Density and Buoyancy Notes Density and Buoyancy Notes Measuring Mass and Volume 3.1 Density A balance can be used to measure the mass of an object. If the object is a liquid, pour it into a graduated cylinder to measure the volume.

### In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position. another. A liquid takes the shape of its container. 19. In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position to position by sliding over one another. A liquid takes the shape of its container. In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position

### In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position to position by sliding over one another. A liquid takes the shape of its container. In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position to position by sliding over one another. A liquid takes the shape of its container. In the liquid phase, molecules can flow freely from position

### Page 1 Contents: 1. Thrust and Pressure 2. Pressure in Fluids 3. Buoyancy 4. Why objects sink or Float when placed on surface of water? 5. Archimedes Principle 6. Relative Density Learning Objectives: The students

### Gases and Pressure SECTION 11.1 SECTION 11.1 Gases and In the chapter States of Matter, you read about the kineticmolecular theory of matter. You were also introduced to how this theory explains some of the properties of ideal gases.

### Experiment. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VOLUME AND TEMPERATURE, i.e.,charles Law. By Dale A. Hammond, PhD, Brigham Young University Hawaii Experiment THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VOLUME AND TEMPERATURE, i.e.,charles Law By Dale A. Hammond, PhD, Brigham Young University Hawaii The objectives of this experiment are to... LEARNING OBJECTIVES introduce

### and its weight (in newtons) when located on a planet with an acceleration of gravity equal to 4.0 ft/s 2. 1.26. A certain object weighs 300 N at the earth's surface. Determine the mass of the object (in kilograms) and its weight (in newtons) when located on a planet with an acceleration of gravity equal to

### Chapter 3 PRESSURE AND FLUID STATICS Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd Edition Yunus A. Cengel, John M. Cimbala McGraw-Hill, 2010 Chapter 3 PRESSURE AND FLUID STATICS Lecture slides by Hasan Hacışevki Copyright The McGraw-Hill

### Chapter 13 Fluids. Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 13 Fluids Phases of Matter Density and Specific Gravity Pressure in Fluids Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure Pascal s Principle Units of Chapter 13 Measurement of Pressure; Gauges and the

### Physics, Chapter 8: Hydrostatics (Fluids at Rest) University of Nebraska - Lincoln DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln Robert Katz Publications Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy 1958 Physics, Chapter 8: Hydrostatics (Fluids at Rest)

### Chapter 9. Forces and Fluids Chapter 9 Forces and Fluids Key Terms hydraulic systems incompressible mass neutral buoyancy pascal pneumatic systems pressure unbalanced forces weight Archimedes principle average density balanced forces

### Physics 221, March 1. Key Concepts: Density and pressure Buoyancy Pumps and siphons Surface tension Physics 221, March 1 Key Concepts: Density and pressure Buoyancy Pumps and siphons Surface tension Fluids: Liquids Incompressible Gases Compressible Definitions Particle density: Density: Pressure: ρ particle

### Write important assumptions used in derivation of Bernoulli s equation. Apart from an airplane wing, give an example based on Bernoulli s principle HW#3 Sum07 #1. Answer in 4 to 5 lines in the space provided for each question: (a) A tank partially filled with water has a balloon well below the free surface and anchored to the bottom by a string. The

### 12 fa. eel), Ara, Fl eat Mobi eu) r V14,:srholki CV -65 P- 1 1). e2r 46. ve, lactogin. 1 V eil - ( - t Teo. c 1 4 d 4. .'=- tit/ (4 nit) 6 --) 1). e2r 46 h eel), /pea lactogin Yd / In 1 V eil - ( - Cw ve, P- 1 Ara, Fl eat Mobi eu) r V14,:srholki 5e 0 (44,4 ci4) CV -65 So 0 t Teo.'=- tit/ (4 nit) 6 --) ci Seco (df_ 1 c 1 4 d 4 5-40 C 12 fa 4)

### Multiple Choice. AP B Fluids Practice Problems. Mar 22 4:15 PM. Mar 22 4:15 PM. Mar 22 4:02 PM P Fluids Practice Problems Mar 22 4:15 PM Multiple hoice Mar 22 4:15 PM 1 Two substances mercury with a density 13600 kg/m 3 and alcohol with a density 0.8 g/cm 3 are selected for an experiment. If the

### Lecture Outline Chapter 15. Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker. Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Lecture Outline Chapter 15 Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker Chapter 15 Fluids Density Units of Chapter 15 Pressure Static Equilibrium in Fluids: Pressure and Depth Archimedes Principle and Buoyancy

### Lecture Presentation. Chapter 10. Gases. John D. Bookstaver St. Charles Community College Cottleville, MO Pearson Education, Inc. Lecture Presentation Chapter 10 John D. Bookstaver St. Charles Community College Cottleville, MO Characteristics of Unlike liquids and solids, gases Expand to fill their containers. Are highly compressible.

### Chapter 13 Fluids. Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 13 Fluids Phases of Matter Density and Specific Gravity Pressure in Fluids Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure Pascal s Principle Units of Chapter 13 Measurement of Pressure; Gauges and the

### Unit A: Mix and Flow of Matter Unit A: Mix and Flow of Matter Science 8 1 Section 3.0 THE PROPERTIES OF GASES AND LIQUIDS CAN BE EXPLAINED BY THE PARTICLE MODEL OF MATTER. 2 1 Viscosity and the Effects of Temperature Topic 3.1 3 Viscosity

### 2 Buoyant Force. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify What produces buoyant force? CHAPTER 3 2 Buoyant Force SECTION Forces in Fluids BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is buoyant force? What makes objects sink or float? How

### ConcepTest PowerPoints ConcepTest PowerPoints Chapter 10 Physics: Principles with Applications, 6 th edition Giancoli 2005 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for

### States of Matter Review States of Matter Review May 13 8:16 PM Physical States of Matter (Phases) Solid Liquid Melting Gas Condensation Freezing Evaporation Deposition Sublimation Sep 13 6:04 PM 1 May 13 8:11 PM Gases Chapter

### Atmospheric Pressure. Conceptual Physics 11 th Edition. Atmospheric Pressure. Atmospheric Pressure. The Atmosphere Atmospheric Pressure Conceptual Physics 11 th Edition Chapter 14: GASES Atmospheric pressure Caused by weight of air Varies from one locality to another Not uniform Measurements are used to predict weather

### 20 Gases. Gas molecules are far apart and can move freely between collisions. Gas molecules are far apart and can move freely between collisions. Gases are similar to liquids in that they flow; hence both are called fluids. In a gas, the molecules are far apart, allowing them to

### Phys101 Lectures Fluids I. Key points: Pressure and Pascal s Principle Buoyancy and Archimedes Principle. Ref: 10-1,2,3,4,5,6,7. Phys101 Lectures 24-25 luids I Key points: Pressure and Pascal s Principle Buoyancy and Archimedes Principle Ref: 10-1,2,3,4,5,6,7. Page 1 10-1 Phases of Matter The three common phases of matter are solid,

### Gas molecules are far apart. collisions The Atmosphere Gas molecules are far apart and can move freely between collisions. Gases are similar to liquids in that they flow; hence both are called fluids. In a gas, the molecules are far apart, allowing them to

### Fluid Statics. Henryk Kudela. 1 Distribution of Pressure in the Fluid 1. 2 Hydrostatic pressure 3. 3 The Measurement of the Pressure 4 Fluid Statics Henryk Kudela Contents 1 Distribution of Pressure in the Fluid 1 2 Hydrostatic pressure 3 3 The Measurement of the Pressure 4 Fluid statics is that branch of mechanics of fluids that deals

### Final Gas Law Review Name: ate: 1 t which temperature is the vapor pressure of ethanol equal to 80 kpa?. 48. 73. 80. 101 4 Gas Molecular Mass (g/mol) 2 4 17 20 The table shown lists four gases and their molecular mass. Which

### 3. Moments and Pressure Leaving Cert Physics Long Questions 2017-2002 3. Moments and Pressure Remember to photocopy 4 pages onto 1 sheet by going A3 A4 and using back to back on the photocopier Contents Moments: ordinary level

### Gas Laws. Introduction Gas Laws Introduction In 1662 Robert Boyle found that, at constant temperature, the pressure of a gas and its volume are inversely proportional such that P x V = constant. This relationship is known as

### Applications of Bernoulli s principle. Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure Applications of Bernoulli s principle Principle states that areas with faster moving fluids will experience less pressure Artery o When blood flows through narrower regions of arteries, the speed increases

### Unit code: H/ QCF level: 5 Credit value: 15 OUTCOME 3 - STATIC AND DYNAMIC FLUID SYSTEMS TUTORIAL 2 - STATIC FLUID SYSTEMS Unit 43: Plant and Process Principles Unit code: H/601 44 QCF level: 5 Credit value: 15 OUTCOME 3 - STATIC AN YNAMIC FLUI SYSTEMS TUTORIAL - STATIC FLUI SYSTEMS 3 Understand static and dnamic fluid sstems

### AP Lab 11.3 Archimedes Principle ame School Date AP Lab 11.3 Archimedes Principle Explore the Apparatus We ll use the Buoyancy Apparatus in this lab activity. Before starting this activity check to see if there is an introductory video

### BOYLE S / CHARLES LAW APPARATUS - 1m long BOYLE S / CHARLES LAW APPARATUS - 1m long Cat: MF0340-101 (combination Boyle s and Charles without mercury) DESCRIPTION: The IEC Boyle's & Charles Law apparatus is a high quality instrument designed to

### ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE 3.1 Air weight 3.2 Torricelli s experience 3.3 Pressure measuring unit 3.1 AIR WEIGHT Solid bodies have their own weight, and gaseous bodies such as air also have their own weight.

### Chapter Five: Density and Buoyancy Chapter Five: Density and Buoyancy 5.1 Density 5.2 Buoyancy 5.3 Heat Affects Density and Buoyancy 5.1 Mass and Weight Mass is the amount of matter in an object. Weight is a measure of the pulling force

### Liquids and Gases. O, 1 L = 2.2 lbs H 2. O = 1 kg H 2 Liquids and Gases The unit of volume is the meter cubed, m 3, which is a very large volume. Very often we use cm 3 = cc, or Litres = 10 3 cc Other everyday units are gallons, quarts, pints 1 qt = 2 lbs

### DENSITY AND BUOYANCY DENSITY AND BUOYANCY DENSITY - RECAP What is DENSITY? The amount of MASS contained in a given VOLUME Density describes how closely packed together the particles are in a substance Density Experiment SINK

### Key Terms Chapter 7. boiling boiling point change of state concentration condensation deposition evaporation flow rate fluid freezing point Foldable Activity Using the instructions on page 267 in your textbook on how to make foldables, write a key term on each front tab, and the definition on the inside (see example that I made up). You will

### Pressure and buoyancy in fluids Pressure and buoyancy in fluids FCQ s for lecture and tutorials will be next week. Buoyancy force today Fluid dynamics on Monday (alon with the loudest demonstration of the semester). Review on Wednesday

### Chapter 3: Atmospheric pressure and temperature Chapter 3: Atmospheric pressure and temperature 3.1 Distribution of pressure with altitude The barometric law Atmospheric pressure declines with altitude, a fact familiar to everyone who has flown in an

### Lesson 12: Fluid statics, Continuity equation (Sections ) Chapter 9 Fluids Lesson : luid statics, Continuity equation (Sections 9.-9.7) Chapter 9 luids States of Matter - Solid, liquid, gas. luids (liquids and gases) do not hold their shapes. In many cases we can think of liquids

### How does atmospheric pressure vary? Measuring atmospheric pressure at different altitudes above sea level Objective The purpose of this activity is to study atmospheric pressure variations, as we reach higher altitudes, in order to create a hypothesis. The hypothesis will be tested by using the Labdisc air

### Name Date Class CHAPTER ASSESSMENT. 1. Equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of particles. Name ate lass HPTER 14 HPTER SSESSMENT Gases Reviewing Vocabulary Match the definition in olumn with the term in olumn. olumn 1. Equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal

### Unit 9 Packet: Gas Laws Introduction to Gas Laws Notes: Name: Unit 9 Packet: Gas Laws Introduction to Gas Laws Notes: Block: In chemistry, the relationships between gas physical properties are described as gas laws. Some of these properties are pressure, volume,

### ACTIVITY 1: Buoyancy Problems. OBJECTIVE: Practice and Reinforce concepts related to Fluid Pressure, primarily Buoyancy LESSON PLAN: SNAP, CRACKLE, POP: Submarine Buoyancy, Compression, and Rotational Equilibrium DEVELOPED BY: Bill Sanford, Nansemond Suffolk Academy 2012 NAVAL HISTORICAL FOUNDATION TEACHER FELLOWSHIP ACTIVITY

### PAPER 2 THEORY QUESTIONS PAPER 2 THEORY QUESTIONS 1 (a) Water waves are transverse waves. Sound is a longitudinal wave. (i) Describe the difference between transverse waves and longitudinal waves. In your account, draw a diagram

### Introduction to Pumps Introduction to Pumps 1 Introduction to Pumps 1.0 INTRODUCTION There are many different types of pump now available for use in pumped fluid systems. A knowledge of these pump types and their performance

### End of Chapter Exercises End of Chapter Exercises Exercises 1 12 are conceptual questions that are designed to see if you have understood the main concepts of the chapter. 1. While on an airplane, you take a drink from your water

### Density and Buoyancy Density and Buoyancy A fluid exerts an upward force on an object that is placed in the fluid. LESSON 1 Density The density of a material is a measure of how much matter is packed into a unit volume of

### Name: Class: Date: SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided. CHAPTER 11 REVIEW Gases SECTION 1 SHORT ANSWER Answer the following questions in the space provided. 1. Pressure =. For a constant force, when the surface area is tripled the pressure is (a) doubled. (b)

### Density, Pressure Learning Outcomes 1 Density, Pressure Learning Outcomes Define density and pressure, and give their units. Solve problems about density and pressure. Discuss pressure in liquids and gases. State Boyle s Law. Demonstrate

### THE GAS STATE. Unit 4. CHAPTER KEY TERMS HOME WORK 9.1 Kinetic Molecular Theory States of Matter Solid, Liquid, gas. Unit 4 THE GAS STATE CHAPTER KEY TERMS HOME WORK 9. Kinetic Molecular Theory States of Matter Solid, Liquid, gas Page 4 # to 4 9. Boyles Law P α /V PV = Constant P V = P V Pressure Atmospheric Pressure

### Today: Finish Chapter 13 (Liquids) Start Chapter 14 (Gases and Plasmas) Today: Finish Chapter 13 (Liquids) Start Chapter 14 (Gases and Plasmas) Gases and plasmas: Preliminaries Will now apply concepts of fluid pressure, buoyancy, flotation of Ch.13, to the atmosphere. Main

### Overview of Density Worksheet Name Key formulas/concepts: Overview of Density Worksheet Density Density = Mass divided by Volume (D = M/V). The mass of an object is 25 grams. The volume of an object is 5 cm 3. D = 25g/5cm 3 = 5 g/cm

### Chapter 9 Fluids CHAPTER CONTENTS Flowing fluids, such as the water flowing in the photograph at Coors Falls in Colorado, can make interesting patterns In this chapter, we will investigate the basic physics behind such flow Photo credit:

### Hydrostatics Physics Lab XI Hydrostatics Physics Lab XI Objective Students will discover the basic principles of buoyancy in a fluid. Students will also quantitatively demonstrate the variance of pressure with immersion depth in

### Pressure Measurement Pressure Measurement Manometers Sensors, Transducers Ashish J. Modi Lecturer, Dept. of Mech.Engg., Shri S.V.M. inst. Of Technology, Bharuch Pressure Pressure is a force per unit area exerted by a fluid

### Matter is made up of particles which are in continual random motion Misconception: Only when a substance is in its liquid or gas state do its Kinetic Theory of Matter Matter is made up of particles which are in continual random motion Misconception: Only when a substance is in its liquid or gas state do its particles move because in these two

### Comments on Homework. Class 4 - Pressure. Atmospheric Pressure. Gauge vs. Absolute Pressure. 2. Gauge vs. Absolute Pressure. 1. Class 4 - Pressure 1. Definitions 2. Gauge Pressure 3. Pressure and Height of Liquid Column (Head) 4. Pressure Measurement and Manometers Please don t forget the special problem for the next HW assignment

### JSUNIL TUTORIAL,BIHAR FORCE AND PRESSURE. Forces which act only when there is physical contact between two interacting objects are known as FORCE AND PRESSURE A force is a push or pulls acting on an object which changes or tends to change the state of the object. In the international system of units (SI System), the unit of force is Newton

### PSI Chemistry: Gases Multiple Choice Review PSI Chemistry: Gases Multiple Choice Review Name Kinetic Molecular Theory 1. According to the kinetic-molecular theory, particles of matterare in constant motion (A) have different shapes (B) have different

### Chapter 5: Gases 5.1 Pressure Why study gases? An understanding of real world phenomena. An understanding of how science works. Chapter 5: Gases 5.1 Pressure Why study gases? An understanding of real world phenomena. An understanding of how science works. A Gas Uniformly fills any container. Easily compressed. Mixes completely

### How does atmospheric pressure vary? Measuring atmospheric pressure at different altitudes above sea level Dimension 2 Cross Cutting Concepts Dimension 1 Science and Engineering Practices FRAMEWORK FOR K-12 SCIENCE EDUCATION 2012 USA Standards Correlation The Dimension I practices listed below are called out

### Experiment #2. Density and Measurements Experiment #2. Density and Measurements Goals 1. To measure and record length, volume and mass accurately with the correct number of significant figures 2. To use significant figures correctly in calculations.

### Chapter 14. Fluids. A fluid a substance that can flow (in contrast to a solid) Chapter 4 luids A luid a substance that can low (in contrast to a solid) Air Water luids comort to the boundaries o any container in which we put them, and do not maintain a ixed shape density and pressure

### Pressure of the atmosphere varies with elevation and weather conditions. Barometer- device used to measure atmospheric pressure. Chapter 12 Section 1 Pressure A gas exerts pressure on its surroundings. Blow up a balloon. The gas we are most familiar with is the atmosphere, a mixture of mostly elemental nitrogen and oxygen. Pressure

### Outcomes: Example the historical development of the measurement of pressure. Include: Galileo, Toricelli, von Gureick, Pascal, Huygens, Avogadro, History of Pressure Outcomes: Example the historical development of the measurement of pressure. Include: Galileo, Toricelli, von Gureick, Pascal, Huygens, Avogadro, Dalton. Describe the various units

### CP Chapter 13/14 Notes The Property of Gases Kinetic Molecular Theory CP Chapter 13/14 Notes The Property of Gases Kinetic Molecular Theory Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases The word kinetic refers to. Kinetic energy is the an object has because of its motion. Kinetic Molecular

### Experiment 11: The Ideal Gas Law Experiment 11: The Ideal Gas Law The behavior of an ideal gas is described by its equation of state, PV = nrt. You will look at two special cases of this. Part 1: Determination of Absolute Zero. You will

### Exploring the Properties of Gases Exploring the Properties of Gases LabQuest 30 The purpose of this investigation is to conduct a series of experiments, each of which illustrates a different gas law. You will be given a list of equipment

### Heat Engine. Reading: Appropriate sections for first, second law of thermodynamics, and PV diagrams. Heat Engine Equipment: Capstone, 2 large glass beakers (one for ice water, the other for boiling water), temperature sensor, pressure sensor, rotary motion sensor, meter stick, calipers, set of weights, SINK vs. FLOAT THE CASE OF THE CARTESIAN DIVER INTRODUCTION: This lesson provides practice making observations and formulating hypotheses. It also provides opportunities to explore the concepts of buoyancy, 14.1 Properties of Gases Connecting to Your World In organized soccer, there are rules about equipment. For international competitions, the ball s mass must be not more than 450 grams and not less than