Army Lists. India. Contents

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1

2 Army Lists India Contents

3 Creating an army with the Mortem et Gloriam Army Lists

4 Historical Introduction

5 Army Commander SubGenerals Internal Allied Generals Name Type Training and Anuradhapura Kingdom 1 Any Instinctive Dates 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Camp Quality Protection Shooting Skill Melee 161 BCE. to 1070 CE Standard, Jungle, Mountains Unfortified or Flexible; Poor or Characteristics Min Mandatory Optional Max ELEPHANTS 2 2,3,4 Elephants Shove 4 Chariots (only before 480 BATTLE CHARIOTS CE) Bow 6 Unskilled 0 4,6 Cavalry Short Spear Javelin 6 0 6,8 Guard infantry Superior Melee Expert Formed Flexible 8 Experienced 0 6,8 Archers protected by pavises Pavise Bow 8 Royal troops and 0 6,8,9 Melee Expert mercenaries Tribal Flexible 18 Mercenary archers (only Experienced 0 6,8 from 480 CE) Bow 16 Devastating 0 6,8,9 Southern hill tribesmen Chargers 18 Experienced 0 6,8 Archers Poor Bow 96 Skirmishing archers Bow 18 Allies Pallavas allies Tamil Indian Only from 491 to 508 CE UG Size

6 Anuradhapura Kingdom Historical Notes The Anuradhapura Kingdom was a Sinhalese kingdom that originated in the 6th century BCE. Dutthagamani, who reigned from 161 to 137 BCE, killed 32 rulers to control the whole island of Sri Lanka. Not all the suceeding kings could control the whole kingdom. The kingdom faced a number of invasions from India.The country was invaded in 103 BC and the invaders ruled until 89 BCE when they were defeated by Valagamba. Another invasion occurred in 433 CE and only defeated by Dhathusena in 459 CE. More invasions occurred between 833 and 853 CE and from 935 to 938 CE. In all cases the invaders could not extend their rule to the southern part of the island. In 993 CE, the Chola Emperor Rajaraja I invaded forcing Mahinda V to flee. A further invasion in 1017 CE captured Mahinda V and sacked the capital city of Anuradhapura and ended the Kingdom. Troop Notes The Sinhalese do not appear to have a good military reputation, possibly from a reliance on a large militia army. Sinhalese elephants were supposed to be small but fierce. Although chariots still were in use in 1117 CE this is much more likely to have been for diplomatic or ceremonial purposes. Cavalry and chariots were not numerous in Sinhalese armies which mainly relied on infantry.

7 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 275 CE to 1300 CE SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Coastal, Mountains, Jungle Internal Allied Generals 02 Any Instinctive Camp Unfortified or Flexible; Poor or Name Type Training and Quality Tamil Indian Protection Shooting Skill Melee Characteristics Min Mandatory Optional Max ELEPHANTS 4 2,3,4 Elephants Shove 10 Cavalry Javelin 8 0 6,8 Guard infantry Superior Melee Expert Formed Flexible ,8,9 Swordsmen Melee Expert Tribal Flexible 60 Experienced 12 6,8 Archers Bow 60 Devastating 0 6,8,9 Chavers Chargers 18 Skirmishing archers Bow 18 Allies Anuradhapura Kingdom allies (Pallavas from 642 to 660 CE) Historical Notes This list covers the Pallavas and the Pandyas. Pallavas became a major power during the reign of Mahendravarman I (571 to 630 CE) and Narasimhavarman I (630 to 668). The Pallavas were in constant conflict with both Chalukyas of Badami in the north and the Tamil kingdoms of Chola and Pandyas in the south and were finally defeated by the Chola kings in the 9th century. The Pandyas were a Tamil dynasty that ruled in southern India from 590 to 920. The list also covers the rise of the Chola Empire from 848 to 979. It includes the Hoysala kingdom from Troop Notes Armies consisted of elephants, cavalry and infantry. Southern Indian armies were short of good horses. The bow remained the chief infantry weapon, but a variety of bladed weapons were also in use. UG Size

8 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 543 CE to 1212 CE SubGenerals 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard, Mountains, Jungle Internal Allied Generals 02 Any Instinctive Camp Unfortified or Flexible; Poor or Name Elephants Additional elephants (Palas only) Best cavalry Guard cavalry (Gurjara Pratiharas only) Cavalry Guard infantry (Rashtrakutas only) Swordsmen Archers Spearmen Light cavalry Replace light cavalry with horse archers Skirmishing archers Javelinmen Type Training and ELEPHANTS ELEPHANTS Formed Flexible Tribal Flexible Late Classical Indian Quality Protection Shooting Skill Melee Characteristics Min Mandatory Optional Max UG Size Superior Superior 4 2,3,4 Shove 8 0 2,3,4 Shove 4 Charging 0 4,6 Melee Expert Lancer 6 Charging 0 4,6 Melee Expert Lancer 6 Javelin ,8 Melee Expert 8 6 6,8,9 Melee Expert 24 Experienced 12 6,8 Bow 64 Unskilled 0 6,8,9 Short Spear Javelin 18 Javelin 6 Experienced 4,6 Bow All or none Bow 9 Javelin 18

9 Late Classical Indian Allies Rajput Indian allies Only Rashtrakutras from 753 to 975 CE Arab Indian allies Only Rashtrakutras from 753 to 975 CE Pandya allies Tamil Indian Only Palas from 810 to 850 CE or Rashtrakutras from 753 to 975 CE Historical Notes This list covers the kingdoms of the Late Classical Indians including the Pala Empire, the Rashtrakutas, he Chalukya states and the Kalchuris of Tripuri. The Pala Empire was located in Bengal between the mid7th century and 1036 CE. The Palas started as a citystate but expanded to create an extensive Northern Indian empire. They contested control of India in the 9th century with the Pratihara Empire (a Rajput dynasty) and the Rashtrakuta Empire. It was eventually overthrown by the Sena Dynasty. The Rashtrakuta Empire was based in the Deccan area of India from 752 to 983. The military exploits of Govinda III (793 to 814) apparently compared to Alexander the Great. His horses drank from Himalayan streams and war elephants tasted the sacred waters of the Ganges." There were three Chalukya states (not to be confused with the Chaululukya (Solanki) Rajput dynasty. They were the Chalukyas of Badami, Chalukyas of Vengi and Chalukyas of Kalyani. The Chalukyas of Badami, also known as the Early Chalukya ruled from 543 to 753. The empire reached its peak under Vikramaditya II (733 to 744) who defeated the Pallava Nandivarman II. The Empire was overthrown by the Rashtrakuta King Dantidurga in 753. The Chalukyas of Vengi, also known as the Eastern Chalukya, ruled from 624 to Located around Vengi, they were the cause of many wars between the more powerful Chola empire and the Western Chalukyas. The Chalukyas of Kalyani, also known as the Western Chalukya, ruled from 973 to They controlled Deccan territories after the Rashtrakutas. The Kalcharis of Tripuri ruled the Chedi region from 675 to The fought wars against the GurjaraPratiharas, the Chandelas and the Paramaras. They may have been allied to Western Chalukyas. They were ultimately absorbed by the Delhi Sultanate. Troop Notes According to the contemporary accounts, the Rashtrakutas had the best infantry, the GurjaraPratiharas had the finest cavalry and the Palas had the largest elephant force.

10 Army Commander SubGenerals Internal Allied Generals Name Elephants Cavalry Best cavalry Camels Archers Bladesmen Spearmen Light cavalry Replace light cavalry with horse archers Skirmishing archers Javelinmen Slingers Type Training and ELEPHANTS CAMELRY Tribal Flexible 1 Any Instinctive Dates 03 Any Instinctive Terrain Camp Quality Empire of Harsha Protection Shooting Skill Melee 555 CE to 647 CE Standard, Jungle Unfortified or Flexible; Poor or Characteristics Min Mandatory Optional Max UG Size Superior 2 2,3,4 Shove 8 Charging 8 4,6 Melee Expert Lancer 24 Charging 0 4,6 Melee Expert Lancer 4 0 4,6 Short Spear 6 Experienced 12 6,8 Bow ,8,9 Melee Expert 9 Unskilled 0 6,8,9 Short Spear Javelin 18 Javelin 6 Experienced 4,6 Bow All or none Bow 9 Javelin 24 Sling 9

11 Troop Notes Empire of Harsha Allies Pandyas allies Tamil Indian Historical Notes The Pushyabhuti dynasty also known as the Vardhana dynasty, ruled parts of northern India during 6th and 7th centuries after the collapse of the Gupta empire. It's most powerful leader was Harsha, who was crowned as Emperor in 606 CE. The Empire's administration followed that of the Gupta empire. The Empire itself operated an Indian feudal system with local rulers holding kingdoms on behalf of the Emperor. Harsha also maintained diplomatic relations with the Chinese Emperor Taizong. After the death of Harsha in 647 the Empire rapidly disintegrated into small kingdoms. In around 648 the Empire was invaded by a Tibetan force of 1,200 Tibetan and 7,000 Nepalese cavalry raised by a Chinese official who had been attacked by the new emperor. During his early career Harsha is said to have possessed a force of 5,000 elephants, 20,000 cavalry and 50,000 infantry. After his conquests it is claimed he could field 100,000 cavalry and 60,000 elephants.

12 Army Commander 1 Any Instinctive Dates 600 CE to 1244 CE SubGenerals 02 Any Instinctive Terrain Standard, Desert, Jungle Internal Allied Generals 02 Any Instinctive Camp Unfortified or Flexible; Poor or Name Elephants Cavalry Best cavalry Upgrade Best cavalry as Heroic Camels (Bhatti only) Archers Bladesmen Light cavalry Replace light cavalry with horse archers Skirmishing archers Javelinmen Allies Type Training and ELEPHANTS CAMELRY Tribal Flexible Late Classical Indian allies Tibetan allies Early Tibetan Only from 620 to 840 CE Quality Rajput Indian Protection Shooting Skill Melee Characteristics Min Mandatory Optional Max UG Size Superior Superior 0 2,3,4 Shove 8 Charging 8 4,6 Melee Expert Lancer 30 Charging 0 4,6 Melee Expert Lancer Up to half Charging 0 4,6 Fanatic Melee Expert Lancer 6 0 4,6 Short Spear 12 Experienced 12 6,8 Bow ,8,9 Melee Expert 18 Javelin 6 Experienced 4,6 Bow All or none Bow 9 Javelin 24

13 Notes Bhatti cannot use Elephants or external allies. Historical Notes Rajput Indian From the beginning of the 7th century CE, Rajput dynasties dominated Northern India and Pakistan. They became the primary obstacle to the complete Muslim conquest of Hindu North India. Dynasties included: Chandelas (831 to 1203). They were centered around Khajuraho (Madhya Pradesh). Originally vassals of the of the Gurjara Pratiharas they became independent under Yashovarman (925 to 950) and his successors Dhanga, Ganda and Vidyadhara. Faced an invasion by the Ghaznavids which weakened the kingdom. Around 1130 took advantage of decline of neighbouring kingdoms to expand. Invaded by the Delhi Sultanate in Chavda (690 to 942). Centered around Panchasar (Gujurat). Succeeded by the Western Chalukya empire. Gahadvalas (1090 to 1194). Centered around Uttar Pradesh and Bihar (on the Ganges plain). Succeeded the Kalachuri. Defeated in 1194 by Ghurids and then absorbed into the Delhi Sultanate. Guhilas (7th century 1303). Centered around Nagahrada (Rajasthan). Fought the Paramaras in 11th and Chaulukyas in 12th century. Absorbed into the Delhi Sultanate. Nagavanshi (11th 14th century). Centered on Chhattisgarh. Paramara (9th 14th century) Centered around Dhara (Madjhya Pradesh). Fought the Chaulukyas of Gujarat, the Chalukyas of Kalyani, the Kalachuris of Tripuri and finally absorbed into the Delhi Sultanate. Chaululukya Dynasty also referred to as the Solankis (940 to 1244) Located in Gujurat and Rajasthan. Faced an invasion from the Ghaznavid ruler Mahmud during Succeeded by the Vaghela Dynasty (another Rajput dynansty) who ruled until 1304 when absorbed into the Delhi Sultanate. Troop Notes The Rajputs were noted for their reliance on aristocratic cavalry and a heroic ethos which substituted a suicidal mass charge for surrender. The Bhatti were noted camel riders.

14 Army Commander SubGenerals Internal Allied Generals Name 1 Any Professional Dates 13 Any Professional Terrain Camp Characteristics Min Mandatory Optional Max ELEPHANTS 4 2,3,4 Elephants Shove 12 Cavalry Melee Expert Javelin 8 0 6,8 Guard infantry Superior Melee Expert Formed Flexible ,8,9 Swordsmen Melee Expert Formed Flexible 36 Experienced 12 6,8 Archers Bow ,8,9 Vassal state swordsmen Melee Expert Tribal Flexible 24 Experienced 0 6,8 Vassal state archers Bow 24 Skirmishing archers Bow 18 Allies Hoysala allies Tamil Indian from 1100 CE Historical Notes The Cholas were a powerful kingdom between 10th and 13th centuries CE with a strong naval presence extending to the Malay peninsular. Troop Notes Type Training and Quality Chola Empire Protection Shooting Skill Melee 980 CE to 1279 CE Coastal, Mountains, Jungle Unfortified or Fortified; Poor, or S The Chola dynasty had a professional military, of which the king was the supreme commander. There were regiments of bowmen and swordsmen while the swordsmen were the most permanent and dependable troops. The Chola army was spread all over the country and was stationed in local garrisons or military camps known as Kodagams. The elephants played a major role in the army and the dynasty had numerous war elephants. UG Size

15 Army Commander 1 Any Professional Dates 1206 CE to 1526 CE SubGenerals 13 Any Professional Terrain Standard, Plains, Jungle Internal Allied Generals 01 Any Instinctive (Rathor) Camp Unfortified or Fortified; Poor or Name Elephants Mamluks Before 1220 CE Characteristics Min Mandatory Optional Max Experienced 2 2,3,4 Shove Bow 8 Superior Experienced 4 4,6 Short Spear Melee Expert Bow 16 Experienced 8 4,6 exghurid Turkish cavalry Melee Expert Formed Flexible Bow 36 Skilled 0 4,6 Upgrade Turkish cavalry Melee Expert Formed Flexible Bow Up to half Unskilled 0 4,6 exghurid cavalry Short Spear Javelin 6 From 1220 CE Jagirdars Upgrade jagirdars Type Training and ELEPHANTS Drilled Loose Muslim Indian Sultanates Quality Protection Shooting Skill Melee Experienced 8 4,6 Short Spear Bow 36 Short Spear Melee Expert Bow Up to half Abyssinian bodyguards 0 4,6 Superior Melee Expert (from 1340 CE) Formed Flexible 6 6 6,8,9 Swordsmen Melee Expert Tribal Flexible 24 Experienced 12 6,8 Archers Combat Shy Bow 64 Unskilled 0 6,8,9 Spearmen Short Spear Pavise Javelin 9 UG Size

16 Muslim Indian Sultanates Light cavalry Javelin 6 Replace light cavalry with Experienced 4,6 horse archers Bow All or none Skirmishing archers Bow 9 Javelinmen Javelin 9 Gunpowder skirmishers Unskilled 0 6 (from 1340 CE) Firearm 12 Handgunners (from 1470 Experienced 0 6 CE) Firearm 6 Rathor contingent (under allygeneral) only Delhi Sultanate from 1316 to 1388 CE Cavalry Notes Before 1267 CE the infantry minima do not apply if no infantry are taken. Historical Notes Charging 0 4,6 Melee Expert Lancer 8 in 1192 CE, the Ghurid Sultan Mu'izz addin Muhammad destroyed a Hindu Indian army at the second battle of Tarain and went on to conquer Delhi. Following his assasination his senior Ghilman established a series of states and adopted the title Sultan. The best known is the Delhi Sultanate which in a series of wars extended its power east to Bengal and south to the Deccan. Other sultanates included the Bahmani Sultanate, the Nair (or Kozhikode) and the Muzaffarid Dynasty of Gujurat. In the early 16th century the Timurid ruler Babur, a direct descendent of Timur, invaded India and founded the Mughal Empire which lasted until Troop Notes Unlike Hindu armies, cavalry were regarded as the main arm. Muslim cavalry used a long light lance and Turkish bow. Elephants had a fighting crew in a Howdah and were supported by escort infantry. The Rathors were a Hindu Rajput clan who although semiindependent had to provide contingents of cavalry. Rocketeers had rockets with explosive heads which were carried by pack animals and launched by hand as if thrown spears.

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